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AutoCAD 2 0 0 7

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2006

681.3.06
32.973.26-018.2
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AutoCAD 2007 / . . , . . .
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ISBN 5-94157-650-1
AutoCAD 2007
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ISBN 5-94157-650-1

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, "-", 2006

1.

13

1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
1.3.1.
1.4.
1.5.
1.6.
1.7.
1.8. 1

13
16
16
23
24
26
34
35
39

2.

40

2.1.
2.2.
2.2.1.
2.2.2.
2.2.3.
2.3.
2.3.1.
2.3.2.
2.3.3.
2.3.4.
2.4.
2.4.1.
2.4.2.
2.4.3.
2.5.
2.5.1.
2.5.2.
2.5.3.

43
43
46
47
48
49
49
50
51
54
56
57
63
64,
68
68
69
71

2.6.
2.7.
2.8.
2.9.
2.10.
2.10.1.
2.10.2.
2.11.
2.12.
2.12.1.
2.12.2.
2.13.
2.14.
2.15.
2.15.1.
2.15.2.
2.15.3.
2.15.4.
2.15.5.
2.15.6.
2.15.7.
2.15.8.
2.15.9.
2.16.10.
2.15.11.
2.15.12.
2.16.
2.16.1.
2.16.2.
2.16.3.
2.16.4.
2.17.
2.18.
2.19.
2.20.
2.21.
2.22. 2

'.

>

72
73
76
81
83
86
88
93
94
94
99
109
114
117
118
120
121
122
123
124
124
126
127
127
131
132
133
133
139
139
143
144
146
148
149
150
153

3.

154

3.1.
3.1.1.
3.1.2.
3.1.3.
3.1.4.
3.2.
3.3.

154
154
162
168
170
172
196

'

'

3.4.
3.5.
3.6.
3.7.
3.8.
3.9.
3.10.
3.11. 3

205
207
212
217
223
224
230
231

4.

233

4.1.
4.2.
4.3.
4.4.
4.5.
4.6.
4.7. 4

235
237
242
255
257
260
266

5.

268

5.1.
5.2.
5.3.
5.4.
5.5.
5.6.
5.7. 5

268
272
284
288
293
295
299

6.

300

6.1.
6.2.
6.2.1.
6.2.2.
6.3.
6.4.
6.4.1.
6.4.2. Autodesk DWF Viewer
6.4.3. DWF-
6.5. PDF
6.6. 6

300
305
312
314
315
320
321
322
322
324
324

7. DWG-

325

7.1.
7.1.1.
7.1.2.

326
326
328

7.1.3.
7.1.4.
7.1.5.

7.1.6. Windows
7.1.7.
7.1.8.
7.1.9.
7.1.10.
7.1.11.
7.1.12. TOOL PALETTES
7.2. DWG-
7.2.1. DWG-
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7.2.2.
7.3.
7.3.1.
7.3.2. DWG-
7.3.3. DWG-
7.4. 7

334
334
336
342
342
344
350
353
355
357
364
364
366
368
369
372
373
375

8.

376

8.1.
8.2. WIPEOUT
8.3.
8.4.
8.5. 8

376
385
387
392
393

9.

394

9.1.
9.1.1.
9.1.2.
9.1.3.
9.2.
9.3.
9.4.
9.4.1.
9.4.2.
9.4.3.
9.4.4.
9.4.5.
9.4.6.
9.4.7.
9.4.8.
9.4.9.
9.4.10.
9.4.11.

394
395
396
400
406
407
410
410
412
413
414
421
421
425
426
428
433
434

9.5.
9.6.
9.7.
9.8.
9.9. 9

436
437
442
444
446

10.

447

10.1.
10.1.1.
10.1.2.
10.1.3.
10.2.
10.3.
10.4.
10.5.
10.6.
10.6.1.
10.6.2.
10.6.3.
10.6.4.
10.7.
10.8. 10

447
447
448
452
457
463
465
468
470
472
478
480
480
481
485

11.

487

11.1.
11.2.
11.3.
11.4.
11.5.
11.6.
11.7.
11.8.
11.9. 11

487
494
499
503
504
506
508
518
519

12.

521

12.1.
12.1.1.
12.1.2.
12.1.3. ()
12.1.4.
12.2.
12.2.1.
12.2.2.
12.3.

521
521
523
526
528
530
531
533
537

12.4.
12.4.1.
12.4.2.
12.5.
12.6. AutoCAD
12.6.1.
12.6.2.
12.6.3.
12.6.4.
12.6.5.
12.6.6.
12.6.7.
12.6.8.
12.6.9.
12.6.10.
12.6.11.
12.7.
12.8. 12

537
537
539
541
543
545
546
549
549
549
550
551
551
552
552
552
555
556

1. AutoCAD

560

2.

581

3. Express Tools

606

Blocks
Text
,
Layout tools
Dimension
Selection tools
Modify
Draw
File tools
Web tools
Tools
Express

607
608
608
609
609
609
610
610
611
611
612

613

614


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34

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coloiwh dwij Properties


General [ 5 * 5 * f Statiitk>s j Custom |
Title:

IThe AutoCAD Coloi Wheel

Subject:

AutoCAD 2004 Colors

Author

[Autodesk, Inc.

keywords:

Color, Hue, Saturation, True

Comments:

Color wheel examples using True Color and ACI [f ;.}.:


Index) color palettes.

Hj>pertnk
base:

OK

Cance

Help

. 1.20. , Summary


Exit () File () xj,
AutoCAD. ,
, ,
.

1.6.
, (. . 1.8),
<F2>, AutoCAD Text Window (
AutoCAD), (. 1.21).

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35

AutoCAD ,
(, LIST
() . 2).
10 Text Window

D:\AutoCAD2007\Sample\colomh.dwg

"

Opening an AutoCAD 2007 format file.


Regenerating layout.
Regenerating model.
AutoCAD Express Tools Copyright 2002-2004 Autodesk, Inc.
AutoCAD menu utilities loaded._dugprops
Autodesk DWG. This file is a Trusted DWG last saved by an Autodesk application
or Autodesk licensed application.

lii'i.iiii

"IT

. 1.21.

1.7.
AutoCAD (
) ,
. Default Settings ( ) Startup
( ) (. . 1.5) Metric ()
, .
Startup (
) Create New Drawing ( ) (. . 1.15)
@ , .
:

Advanced Setup ( );

Quick Setup ( ).


.
, , ,
( , ).

. . 1.8
, .

36

( ) , ;.
. 1.22.
Y

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. 1.22.

X
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3D Navigation
'.'; ' ^ S t a n d a r d s /':'

37

. 1.23.

Camera Adjustment
: -Dimension -'":".:
Draw
Draw Order
Inquiry
Insert
i> Layers

Layers II
Layouts
Lights
Mapping
Modeling
Modify
Modify II
Object Snap
Dibit
Properties
Refedit
Reference
Render


( ),
.
.
, . 1.23,
Lock Location
( ):

Floating Toolbars ( );

Docked Toolbars ( ).

Solid Editing
v> Standard
Styles
Text
DCS
UCS 11
View
Viewports
Visual Styles
Walk and Fly
Web
</ Workspaces
Zoom
Lock Location
Customize...


, , ,
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AutoCAD Windows.
.

CLEANSCREENON () CLEANSCREENOFF ().
,
Tools | Customize | Interface ( | |
) ( CUI (CUI)).
Customize User Interface ( )
(. 1.24).
: Customize () Transfer ().
Customize (), . 1.24, -

38

( ,
. .). CUI- . 12.
.
AutoCAD
Workspaces ( ) (. 1.25).
( Customize User I n t e r f a c e

. Customize I Transfer ]

spate Contents
Customize Workspace

?$ ACAD
t$ Workspaces

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Toolbars
Menus
Shortcut Menus
Keyboard Shortcuts
Double Click Actions
Mouse Buttons
LISP Files
Legacy

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Dockable Windows

Click-Customize Workspace to add content

m Pa,lial cul Ftes


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.: j -Command\; ; :.v: ; / ; " ; : ; ; >

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ACAD

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Name

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Description

Creates a circle u sing a spec fied i<r\

f.

Center, Start. Length

ACAD

Centered

ACAD

f^

Chamfer

ACAD

Change Space

ACAD

General

jA

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l^am mo(e about Cu,^omi?ation

Cancel,

. 1.24. Customize User Interface


(Workspaces
3D Modeling

Dl
|*r:

Si

3D Modeling
AutoCAD Classic
Save Current As...
Workspace settings...

Customize...

. 1.25. Workspaces

UPPV

Help'

39

,
. . 1.25 3D Modeling
( ).
WSSAVE
(),
WSSETT1NGS ().
( . .)
.

1.8. 1
1. :

colorwh.dwg,
AutoCAD 2007 (, d:\AutoCAD 2007\Sample\colorwh.dwg). He
, ' Plot Screening and Fill
Patterns.dwg.

,
( ).

,
(, d:\Temp).

2. :

, ,
Summary () Subject ()
(, 1).

. AutoCAD. ,
Windows.

3. : \

AutoCAD Classic ( AutoCAD).


?

, , ,
. AutoCAD .
,
( ), .
. 1.4 ,
AutoCAD .
AutoCAD Classic (
AutoCAD), .
. 2.1.

Draw () (. 2.2)
Draw (), Draw (
) TOOL PALETTES ( ).
. 2.1 Draw ()
.
Draw
() (. 2.3).

, .
DASHBOARD (
), ( . 1.8 v
1.11). ,
Tools | Palettes | Dashboard ( | | ).
2D Draw control panel (
2 ), .
,
, Control panels ( ).
: (
) ,

41

. 2.4 , ,
( . 1.8).
AutoCAD 2007 - (Diamngl.dwgl
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dit

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insert

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Command:
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RTtf" G

. ; SNAP GRID; ORTHOf|POLAR. |0SNAP.|dTRACK.|0UCS [OVN LWT [MODEL

. 2.1. AutoCAD Classic


I'll'.l

,;/...:/. ^> " 0. Q <s / * [


. 2.2. Draw


2D Draw control panel ( 2
). . 2.5.

DASHBOARD ( ).
Draw () (. . 2.2),
Modify (),
. 2.1.
, ,
, . 2.5.

42
Draw Dimension .Modify ;'
Modeling
/

Le

ay

/*

Consjfuction Line
Multiline

- ? Eokfrie
% 2D Polyline

Polygon

CU Rectangle
&

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v Allow Docking

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. ' 2 0 Draw control panel
E J Gradient...

Help

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C * Boundary...

,30 Navigate control panel

3} Region

v" Visual Style control panel

tfipeout

Revision Clpgd

/ Materials control panel

Light control panel

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Teat

. 2.4.

. 2.. Draw

/ / ~5 / ~ 0 03

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43

1*

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.
TOOL PALETTES ( )
1 Draw () -
(. 2.6).

j
i

f*-f 5pline

S
Ellipse
* Arc
* <f^5

j Insert Block
S [ 3 j Attach Xref

. 2.6. Draw
TOOL PALETTES

2.1.
.
: , , (), , , , ,
, .
: , , (
), , , , , ,
, , , , . ,
, 9,
, 10, , . 2.20.
,
, , 7 8,
9.

2.2.
. LINE (
AutoCAD) ( ) <Enter> (
).
LINE (). , 1

44

, Draw () Line
(), Draw (),
/
.
, AutoCAD (. 2.7)
( ;
,
):
Specify first point:
( :)

AutoCAD , .
, ,
<Esc>.

-" X
j

! Model /layoutl l_ayou>2 / ~

line Specify f i r s t point:


6783844, 4261511 .00000

; 5H. GRID: ORJHO'JPOUR JOSNAP J0TRACK jpucs"[OYN LV

. 2.7.


.
,
, () (. . 2.7).

( , ).
,
.
.
AutoCAD :
Specify next point or [Undo]:
( []:)

45


AutoCAD, ,
,
(. 2.8).
X.

7^,
;

- X

4 [ j>lj\Model /Layout! XLayout?/ '

Command: _ l i n e Specify f i r s t

point:

Specify next point or [Undo]:


1327.6426,44617??.0 0000

i'SNAPS.GRID; ORTHO- POLAR OSNAP OTRACK DUCS DYN I


-

'

'

'

'

'

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. 2.8.


, , .
, , LINE ()
(. . 2.8). ()
. ,
, (. . ).
. 2.8 AutoCAD Undo ().
, . . ,
. ,
<Enter>.
- ( U
( )),
, (. . U ()
()), - <Enter>. ,
<Enter>.
, Undo (), AutoCAD
.

, LINE () ,
. :

46
Specify next point or [Undo]:
( []:)

, , ,
, .
. :
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
( [/]:)
, Undo (), Close ().
,
"/". (3), ,
<Enter> AutoCAD ,
(. 2.9).

->

Model /layout! j LgyOuOT"

jSpecify next p o i n t or

[Close/Undo] :

<l

Command:
336.8231:348.0445.0.0000

; SNAP; GRID; 0RTH0; POLAR DSNAP OTRACK DUGS; DYN l

. 2.9.

,
LINE (), <Enter>,
. , <Enter>
.
LINE () ,
Command: (:), AutoCAD.

2.2.1.
LINE ().
<Enter>
. , ,
(. 2.10).

47
Enter
Cancel
Recent Input
Enter
Cancel
Recent Input

>

Snap Overrides

1051.1067.334.3276

End

1864.6833,686.4973
,1356.8619.433.167

\t Pan .

Undo

766;5553.i175.1472 ':
1351.6832.938.9128

, Center

. Snap QYeitides

Close

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*'

1864.6833,257.3273
1193.3341.482.2256
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2061.0633,738.5665

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1548.0698.44Z1724

QuickCalc

570.1747^10,3961

. 2.10. LINE

. 2.11. Recent Input

AutoCAD 2007 (. 12),



<Enter>, .

.
. 2.10 LINE
(): Enter, Cancel (), Recent Input ( ), Close (
), Undo (), Snap Overrides ( ), Pan (
), Zoom (), QuickCalc (QuickCalc).
(
). Enter , Cancel ()
( Enter). Close
() Undo ()
LINE (). Pan () Zoom ()
(. .
) PAN () ZOOM ().
,
. 2.4.
Snap Overrides ( )
, . 2.3.
Recent Input ( ) (. 2.11)
(, , . .).

2.2.2.
<Enter> , LINE
() , . <Enter>

48

,
(, ),
, :
No line or arc to continue. Specify first point:
( , , . :)

.
. 2.9 2.10.

, ,
(, ), AutoCAD . .,
, .
,
,
, .
,
, AutoCAD ,
, :
Length of line:
( :)
,
, AutoCAD
.
, .

2.2.3.

. ,
LINE () : Specify next point
or [Close/Undo]: ( [/]:).
<4>,
. <4>,
(. 2.12).

. 2.12.

49

<-1> <>
. <Enter>.
, . 2.12, .
<>,
( . .).
.
LIST ()
: , . .
. . 2.21.

2.3.
.
() .
.

2.3.1.

, :
65,113.24
.
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2.3.2.
()
COMMANDLINEHIDE (),
.


COMMANDLINL
(). ,
Tools | Command Line ( | )
<Ctrl>+<9>.

. . , ?
. LINE ('

( )
( ),

(. 2.13).

B i i i w l

. 2.13.

,
.
<> ( X).
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(~

( , . . 2.8)
.

51

: .
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<>.
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2.3.3.
.
Object
Snap ( ) (. 2.14), ,
.
lObiect Snap

** * : tr /'

-10

\ X # R> - - ft,

. 2.14. Object Snap

Object Snap ( ) (
):

() ;

./" ;

X (
);
;

, ;

, ( ,
0, 90, 180 270);

52

;
;
#

R) , , ;
;

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, .
LINE () Specify fin t
point: ( :)
Object Snap ( ) <f , i
Endpoint ().

f
0
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t> X

1< <1

Model /layout! X layoite/v

lommand:
Command: _ l i n e S p e c i f y f i r s t
J74&1039, 322.83S0 ,0.0000

p o i n t : _endp of

JU

SNAP GRID; ORTHpi POLAR OS NAP QTRACK DUCS DYN LW

. 2.15. Endpoint

53


( )
Endpoint (),
(. . 2.15).
, ,
. AutoCAD (
),
, . , Specify
next point or [Undo/: ( []:) Object Snap ( ),
Endpoint () .
Specify next point or [Undo]: ( []:)
<Enter>, LINE ().

, " " (
)
.
, OSNAP ()
.
OSNAP (). . . 2.4.
. , ,
. ,
Endpoint
(), Midpoint (), /f

(. 2.16) <Shift>
(

).
Object Snap
( ). Mid Between 2 Points (
) Point Filters ( ).
: .X,
.Y, .Z, .XY, .XZ, .YZ.
. . ,
(, ) ,
.X (
).
AutoCAD , ,
(need YZ): (( YZ):) -

.1.

54

( ,
).
Temporary tiacjs point
f W

Mid Bejween 2 Pants


Point Filters
, / ndpoint
j/

1 .X X
-Y

Midpoint

/ ^ Intersection .

Xy. >Y

Apparent Intersect

.xz .
. ,YZ

- Extension
Q

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Tangent

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#

Node
Sg, Insert
/- Nearest
f. Hone
jfr0 Qsnap Settings,
. 2.16.

Mid Between 2 Points ( )


, .
Snap
Overrides ( ),
, (. . 2.10).

2.3.4.
AutoCAD I)
. : ,
(. 2.17), ,
(. 2.18).
AutoCAD .
, ,
.
, .
QUICKCALC (),
CAL ().

55

(
. 2.18 , LINE ()).
Apply ()
.
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Value: 1.61803399
Type: Constant
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. 2.17. QUICKCALC

V|

,. i * / J . . ...
" Details

j
:.

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Help

. 2.18. QuickCalc

(3J? ( );
* ;
;

jj5j , ;

56

[X

, ;

fa

, , \
. Number Pad ( )
(,
. .).
Scientific ()
(, . .). Units Conversion ( ) npez ( , . .).
Variables ()
,
(, dee ).
, ( ) .
AutoCAD ,
Windows.
Standard () Tools |

Palettes | QuickCalc ( | | QuickCalc).



(. . 2.10).

2.4.
1,
: SNAP (), GRID (), ORTHO (),
POLAR (-), OSNAP (), OTRACK (-), DUCS1
(), DYN (), LWT (), MODEL ().
, () . >
.
,
: Snap Mode ( ), Grid Display ( ),
Ortho Mode ( ""), Polar Tracking ( ), Object Snj.p
( ), Object Snap Tracking ( ), Al
low/Disallow Dynamic UCS (/ ), Dynamic Iiput ( ), Show/Hide Lineweight (
), Model or Paper Space ( ( )).

57

2.4.1.
AutoCAD .
,
,
. . (. . 1.8).
SNAP ()
(
)
(
). SNAP ()
<F9>.
GRID ()
(. 2.19).
, SNAP ().
<F7>.

. 2.19.

ORTHO () .
, AutoCAD
.
<F8>.
<Shift>
ORTHO (). ORTHO ()
<Shift>, AutoCAD
, . :
<Shift>,
ORTHO ().
POLAR (-) ORTHO ()
.
.
<F10>. . 2.20 ,
45 ( ,
). . .

58

/
/

/
. 2.20.

POLAR (-) !
ORTHO (), . ORTHO ()
POLAR (-).
OSNAP ()
(
). AutoCAD
(
. .). <F3>.
OTRACK (-)
AutoCAD
, . HI
<F11>. . 2.21
.
,
,
45 . OSNAP () OTRACK (-).
,
45,
. LINE ()
. , AutoCAD ,
, , , 45".
,
( . 2.21 Midpoint: 151.0098 < 45).
DUCS ()
( ) ,
. 9.

59

. 2.21.

DYN ()
. ,
.

<F12>.
LWT ()
. ,
. . 4.
MODEL ()
(. 11).
DSETTINGS
(), Drafting Settings (
).
Drafting Settings ( ) Tools (),
Settings () , . 2.22,
( ORTHO (OPTO), LWT (), MODEL
()).

On
Off
^-_

...

;., Settings..,

OSNAP (OTHACKTDOC'S'IDVN LWT


. 2.22.

60

Drafting Settings ( ), . 2.2;,


: Snap and Grid ( ), Polar Tracking (!,
Object Snap ( ) Dynamic Input ( ).

Drafting Settings
, Snap,and & J pofaf Ttacking j Object Snap | Dynamic Input I

Snap On (FS)

find On (F7) .

Snap spacing

" Gridspacing

Snap Y spacing:
P

i-.Gtki.X: spacing:

Snafi spacing:

|io

Equal & and Y sp scing

|10

' GfjdY spacing:

'

Majoi line every:

|5

"33

Grid/behavior

Adaptive grid
P

Snap type

Allow subdivision feefow


grid spacing

(* pjidsnapj
" Display grid beyond ^rtits
f*" Rgctangutar snap
IsoiQetfic snap

"" Fofiow Dynamic

" PfilarSnap'

Options..

OK

Cancel

Help

. 2.23. Drafting Settings, Snap and Grid

Snap and Grid ( )


, .
, : Snap On (F9) ()
Grid On (F7) ( ) (
).
. Snap spacing (
) .
(Snap X spacing ( X) Snap Y spacing ( Y))
(Equal X and Y spacing (
X Y)). Grid spacing ( )
(Grid X spacing ( X) Grid Y spacing ( Y)).
: Grid snap ( )
(Rectangular snap ()) \ (Isometric snap ()) (Polar snap ( )). (Polar Distance ()). ,

61

Snap type ( ) PolarSnap


( ).
Grid behavior ( )
. , Display grid beyond Limits (
)
, .
Options (),
AutoCAD (
12), OK, Cancel () Help ().
Dialling

Setting

Snap and Giid Polai T lacking Object Snap j Dynamic Input ]


P Eolar Tracking On (F10)
Polar Angle Setongs

Object Snap Tiackhg Settings

Increment angle:

(~ Track prthogpnajly only

(* Ttack using polai angle


'settings. .'..

P" Additional angles


172

Mew
Delete

Polaj Angle measurement"


AJjsolute -.:.:'
Relative to last segment

Options..

OK.

.Cancel

Help

. 2.24. Drafting Settings, Polar Tracking

Polar Tracking () (. 2.24)


.
Increment angle ( ) : 5, 10, 15, 18, 22.5, 30,
45, 90. - ,
Additional angles ( ) New (),
. Delete ()
.
Object Snap Tracking Settings ( )
:
(Track orthogonally only ( ))
(Track using all polar angle settings ( )).

62

Polar Angle measurement ( )


: Absolute () Relative to last segment (
).
Object Snap ( ) (. 2.25)
.

Dialling Sellings
Snap and Grid j Polar Tracking ! Object Snap ,j Dynamic Input ]
W Object Snap 0_n(F3)

47 Object SnapTracking0n(F11)

7 ndpoint

. f~ Perpendicular

, f *
BS * Noge
<

f~ Huadrant

X "P^ jnteisection
-

Cf
X

Insertion

Select All
Clear All

Tangent

" Neajest

E3 t~ UPParent intersection
^

Parallel

P Extension
.4
v
^

Toirack from an Osnap point, pause over the point while in a


command. Attacking vector appears when you move the cursor.
To stop tracking, pause over the point again. :

Opjions..

'OK

Cancel

. 2.25. Drafting Settings, Object Snap

Dynamic Input ( ) (. 2.26)


.
:

Pointer Input ( ) ;

Dimension Input ( )
;

Dynamic Prompts ( )
.

-
( ). (,
. .) Settings ().
Drafting Tooltip Appearance ( BI-
) i .

63
Drafting Settings
Snap and Slid] PolatTtacking] ObiectSnap

P EnablefiitnensionInput where possible

|v Enable Eointer Input


. i Pointer Input"
zB

>.,.

[/!

, Dimensic'lnput';";:

TV
1

i 15, IS 43

Settings..
\Dynamic Prompts

Settings

f? Showfiommandprompting and
command input near the crosshairs
|\

In a dynamic prompt, press the

Down Arrow key to'access

options.

Drafting TooliipAppearance..

Options...

OK

' Cancel

Help

. 2.26. Drafting Settings, Dynamic Input

2.4.2.
(. 2.27).
,
,
,
Cursor coordinate values ( ) ,
.
. Clean Screen ( ) Q ,
.
Tray Settings ( ).
Tray Settings (
) (. 2.28),
.
Display icons from services ( ),
.

64

Cursor cooidinate values

05nap(F9)':<
V , Grid (FT):
v:0rtho(F8)

y> Polar (F10)

OSnap(F3)

V OTrack(Fl1}

*/ Dynamic UCS (F6)


v Dynamic Input (F12)
:V linevyeight''

pjsplay icons ftom se/vices


P" Display notifications ffom swvices
(* pisplay timej

] 5 Seconds

"*]

Help

f- Display yntil closed

f Papei/Model
Clean Screen (Ctrl+Q)

OK

Cancel

Tray Settings..;

. 2.27.

. 2.28.
Tray Settings

2.4.3.
,
. ropi ( ),
Standard () I

? PAN (),
.
, ,
.
, , . .
, .
, ( - $
, ). , ,

. ,
, AutoCAD:
Press ESC or ENTER to exit, or right-click to display shortcut menu.
( ESC ENTER ,
.)
<Esc> <Enter> . , :
Exit (), Pan (), Zoom (), 3D Orbit (3M i),
Zoom Window ( ), Zoom Original ( ), Zoom Extents
( ), Pan () -

65

. ,
, PAN (), , ,
( 3DORBIT (3-) . 10).
(
).
,
. .
, , .
, , .
, , . .
<Esc>, <Enter> .
( ZOOM ( )
). ,
Zoom (),
(. 2.29).
:

Zoom Window ( );
Zoom Dynamic ( );

' ": *%

i% j

4j

'*< Zoom Scale ( );


Zoom Center ( );

Zoom Object ( );
Zoom In ();
Zoom Out ();
(, Zoom All ( );

. 2.29.
Zoom

^ Zoom Extents ( ).
ZOOM (),
, View ().
ZOOM ().
. AutoCAD ( )
,
. :
Specify first corner:
( .)
3 . 326

66

( . 2.30
):
Specify opposite corner:
( :)
AutoCAD 2007 - IDiawingl dwql
'-!4 !* $$ )w* 1 faiBttt. Xooti utew Oiniejjjion Up&ty' Window jjalp .Ejjpiew

>. ; - n / ^

, * * ;*, $ : H IPs

7 *

[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object]

<real tie>:

Specify f i r s t corner: Specify opposite corner:


22927306.1487$756.00000

. SNAP1, GRID1 0)|1 JOSNAP |0TRACK |DUCS [5YN IWTilMQOEL

. 2.30. ZOOM


, . 2.31 (
).
Extents () ,
() (
!).
() Extents (),
, .
,
.
Center () AutoCAD ,
.


AutoCAD 2007

67
| D i a i n q 1 dwq)

' 4 Be Ed* ' ^iew insert' Ffiimat lools & * *

AutoCAD Classic

~~3

Dimension Modify M?ndow H.eip Ejpies;

1.:&

l l : ][]fy

jStandaid?]

ipecify first corner: Specify opposite corner:


U Command
i2345.27W.l42O.?591.u0OO0

; SNAP. GRIP; PRTHOilroLARJOSNAP JQTHACK JDUCS [OYN UWT;|MOPEL

:4,f ,: U

. 2.31. ZOOM Window

Object () (
<Enter>), ,
.
Dynamic ()
. (),
( )
( ),
.
(
, ""). ,
,
<Enter> ( ).
Previous () ZOOM ()
, AutoCAD.
, . .
. Previous () <3
Standard ()

68

(. . 2.29), ,

2.5.
AutoCAD .
POINT (), , ,
Draw ()
, , Draw | Point | Single Point
( | | ).
.
POINT () Draw ()
, :
Current point modes: PDMODE = 0 PDS/ZE 0.0000
Specify a point:
( : PDMODE = 0 PDSIZE = 0.0000
:)
.
, ,
AutoCAD ( PDMODE PDSIZE;
. 12). AutoCAD
,
. . POINT (),
<Esc>.

2.5.1.
PDMODE PDSIZE 0,
(. . ), .
Format () Point Style (
), Point Style ( ) (. 2.32).
,
. ( Point Size (
)), ,
Set Size Relative to Screen ( ),
, Set Size in Absolute Units (
). , . 2.32:
5% . , . AutoCAD
.

Node ().
.

69
Point Style

; : ]
Point giw:

\
iffl
|ffl

/\

|5 0000

{* Set Size Relative to Screen


Set Si2e in Absolute Units

::0K

Cancel

. 2.32. Point Style

:
. LINE ()
Specify first point: ( :) >>
Object Snap (
).
( ,
AutoCAD ).
Node () (. 2.33).

. 2.33.

2.5.2.

. Command: (:),
, , -

70

( )
. AutoCAD
, Specify opposite comer.
( :).
, ( )
,
(. 2.34).

. 2.34.

, . .
(. 2.35).
.

. 2.35.

71

, ,
(
) . , ,
.
,
( . 2.34).
,
.
, ,
, . ,
( ).
(. 2.35) .
<DeIete> ( <Del>), .
, .
<Esc>.

2.5.3.
, . DIVIDE
(), ( ) .
Draw | Point |
Divide ( | | ).
DIVIDE ().
:
Select object to divide:
( :)
( ,
). :
Enter the number of segments or [Block]:
( []:)
Block () ,
( . 7). , 5.
DIVIDE ()
5 , 4 (
, Point Style ( ))
(. 2.36).
,
, MEASURE (). , ,
Draw | Point | Measure (
| | ). :
Select object to measure:
( :)

72

. 2.36.

, . :
Specify length of segment or [Block]:
( []:)
AutoCAD ,
, (. . ) .

2.6.
,
. RAY ().
Ray () Draw (
). :
Specify start point:
( :)

. 2.37.

AutoCAD
, (. 2.37):

73

Specify through point:


( ;)
<Enter> .

(. 3).

2.7.
, , .
XLINE (),
, Draw () Construction
Line (), \ / \
Draw ().
:
Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/OffsetJ:
( [////]:)
, AutoCAD ,
.
, , :
Specify through point:
( :)
, (. 2.38).

. 2.38.

<Enter> .
, ,
: ( ());
(Ver ()); (Ang ()); -

74

, (Bisect
()); , . . ,
(Offset ()). ,
.
() :
Specify through point:
( :)
, .
Ver () (. 2.39).

1
. 2.39.

Ang () :
Enter angle ofxline (0) or [Reference]:
( (0) [ ]:)
,
( X). <Enter>,
. ( ,
) . :
Specify second point:
( :)
, AutoCAD

Reference ( ), AutoCAD
:
Select a line object:
( :)
(, ),
.
Specify through point: (
:), ( ),
.

75

Bisect () , ,
, .
:
Specify angle vertex point:
( :)
:
Specify angle start point:
( .)
:
Specify angle end point:
( .)
( <Enter>
), ,
, . . 2.40
.
.

. 2.40.

Offset () , ,
. :
Specify offset distance or [ThroughJ <L0000>:
( [] <1.0000>.)

76

,
, <Enter>,
, ().
, :
Select a line object:
( :)
, . :
Specify side to offset:
( :)

, ,
, .
AutoCAD
,
.
, <Enter> ( ),
XLINE ().
Offset () Specify offset distance or [Through]:
( []:) Through (),
AutoCAD :
Select a line object:
( :)
, :
Specify through point:
( :)
.
Select a line object: ( :),

( <Enter> ).

2.8.
() CIRCLE ().
Draw () J2J;, a
Draw (), Circle ()
(. 2.41).
CIRCLE () AutoCAD :
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
( [/2/ ( )]':)

77
.^' : Hells'.."^.: : '/':\>Arc

'

'*..

Ellipse

Blocis

...

Center, fladius

Center, rotameter

Dorwt

2 Points

2 Points

iii

I a a j a n , Radius
:;:;Tain;:Tar-i,:Tan

Hatch...

. 2.41. CIRCLE Draw

,
, :
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]:
( []:)
, .
(AutoCAD
, . 2.42).

. 2.42.

D (), , Diameter (
). :
Specify diameter of circle:
( :)
(AutoCAD

).
.

78

CIRCLE ()
(), AutoCAD .
, ,
( )
.
2 (2), , ,
(
). AutoCAD :
Specify first end point of circle's diameter:
( :)

Specify second end point of circle's diameter:


( :)
Ttr (KKP), ,
.
. :
Specify point on object for first tangent of circle:
( , :)
, , AutoCAD
Deferred Tangent (
). , (
,
).
:
Specify point on object for second tangent of circle:
( , :)
:
Specify radius of circle:
( :)
,
. ,
( ,
). . 2.43.
,
(,
). AutoCAD
, , -

79

.
.

. 2.43. ,

Draw () Circle () Tan, Tan,


Tan (3 ). CIRCLE
(), (),
Tangent () (
[ I Object Snap ( )).
Tangent () ,
.
. ,
, .
LINE ().
.
Tangent (), (. 2.44).
AutoCAD ,
( ).

. 2.44. ,

80

. , \
.
LINE (). ,
, Tangent (). AutoCAD
( ) .
. ?
Center (), 0

Object Snap ( ).
Center ()
, (. 2.45).
, , Center ()
, ,
( ,
!).

!
-*!"""'

-^^

_ _ _ J - + )

. 2.45. ,

,
, , .
Quadrant () (
Object Snap ( )).
, ,
, , ,
.

81

2.9.
, .
ARC (). ,
Draw () f~
Draw (), Arc ()
(. 2.46).
5' Hetoj"
/ " * 3oints
:.:"'. .'

Qonut

Start, Center, End

{ SJart, Center, Angle


jpt Start, Center, Length

.;;..'
'':

ipse '
Block

>
*

/ H Start, End,Angle
I

?{3'- Table.,.
Paint ,

tJfclatch...

f
'{\

" Gradient...

Start, End, Citeefion

/ 1 Start, End, fiadius


4

Center, Start, End


Center, Start, Angle

/ ^ Center, Start, Length

, d Soundery...
:[S) Region,

/*> Cfintinue

. 2.46. Arc Draw

(
, Draw (
)). ARC ():
Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]:
( []:)
CEnter ().
<Enter>,
(
, ), AutoCAD ,
. (
):
Specify end point of arc:
( :)

,
(. 2.47).
Specify start point of arc or [Center]: (
[]:) , AutoCAD :

82
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]:
( [/]:)
, :
Specify end point of arc:
( :)

. 2.47. ,

, .
Center (), AutoCAD :
Specify center point of arc:
( :)
:
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:
( [/ ]:)
, AutoCAD ,
( . 2.48 ; ,

).
:
Angle () chord Length ( ). Angle ()
:
Specify included angle:
( :)
.

83

. 2.48. (, , )

chord Length ( ), :
Specify length of chord:
( :)
, (
).
( )
.

.
Arc () Draw () (. . 2.46).

2.10.

(. 2.49).
(, ).

. 2.49.

PLINE (), ,
, 3 *

84

.?

Draw () Draw | Polyline ( |


).
:
Specify start point:
( :)
. :
Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Half width/Length/Undo/Width]:
( 0.0000
[////]:)
, .

. AutoCAD Current
line-width is ( ).
, .
AutoCAD , Closi:
():
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidtli/Length/Undo/WidthJ:
( [/////
]:)
, ,
(,
). , :

Arc () ;

Close () ,
( PLINE () );

Halfwidth () , (
, 10 5);

Length () ,
, ;

Undo () PLINE ();

Width () (
);
,
() .

( Arc ()) AutoCAD


:

85

Specify endpoint of arc or


[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Secondpt/Undo/Width/:
(
[///////
//]:)
AutoCAD
, .
:

Angle () ;

CEnter () ;

CLose () ;

Direction ()
;

Halfwidth () ;

Line () ;

Radius () ;

Second pt ()
;

Undo () PLINE ();

Width () .


ARC ().
.

. . 2.50.

. 2.50.

,
:
,
(, );

i.

86

() ;

( . .).

.
, .
EXPLODE (), ;(
Modify () Explode ()
Modify ().
, . .
( . 2.51 ,
).

. 2.S1. EXPLODE

2.10.1.

. ,
LINE (),
.
PEDIT (),
% Modify II (-2)
Modify | Object | Polyline ( | | ).
PEDIT ():
Select polyline or [Multiple}':
( []:)
, . AutoCAD
, , :
Object selected is not a polyline
Do you want to turn it into one? <Y>:
( .
? <>:)

87

<Enter> Y (),

. :
Enter an option [Close/'Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]:
( [/'/ /'/.//
//]':)

(. 2.52).

2325
Cfcce

V /^ ^
^^-^

^ * ^

Join
Widfc
Edit vertex

Fa
Split*
Decuryi?

i.Jrido

. 2.52. PEDIT

,
, <4-> <>,
.
<Enter>.
, J ().
:
Select objects:
( :)
(. 2.53)
<Enter>.
AutoCAD :
2 segments added to polyline
( : 2)
AutoCAD Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/
Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]: ( [//
//// / ]:),
<Enter>, PEDIT ().

88

1'

. 2.53.

AutoCAD PEDITACCEPT,
0. 1,
PEDIT () ,
. . 12.

2.10.2.
AutoCAD , ,
, ,
.
RECTANG ().
?'
Draw () Rectangle (
) Draw ().
:
Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Tliickness/Width]:
( [////]:)
, ,
AutoCAD , ,
:
Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/RotationJ:
( [//]:)
, 5
(. 2.54).
Area (), :
, ( ) (
). ,
( ).

89

. 2.54. , RECTANG

Dimensions (),
:
Specify length for rectangles <0.000O>:
( <0.0000>:)

Specify width for rectangles <Q.0000>:


( <0.0000>.)
AutoCAD
,
, .
Rotation ()
.
RECTANG ()
:

Chamfer () ;

Fillet () ;

Elevation () ,
Z (
. 9);

Thickness () ,
Z (
. 9);
Width () ,
.
- ,
RECTANG (),
:

90

,?

Current rectangle modes: Chamfer = 15.0000 x 10.0000 Elevation = 100.0000


Thickness = 45.0000
( : = 15.0000 x 10.0000 = 100.0000
= 45.0000)

Current rectangle modes: Fillet = 22.0000


( : = 22.0000)
,
. -
,
( -
).
POLYGON (-)
,
.
Draw () Polygon (!
Draw ().
POLYGON (-):
Enter number of sides <4>:
( <4>:)
(
POLYGON (-);
4). :
Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:
( []:)
Edge (), AutoCAD
.
, ,
:
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I>:
( [ /
] <>.)
I () ,
() .
, :
Specify radius of circle:
( :)

91

. 2.55.

. 2.55 ,
POLYGON (-).
DONUT ()
, . ,
, Donut ()
Draw (). :
Specify inside diameter of donut <10.0000>:
( <10.0000>:)
( ) ,
. :
Specify outside diameter of donut <20.0000>:
( <20.0000>:)
,
AutoCAD :
Specify center of donut or <exit>:
( <>.)
(. 2.56) AutoCAD
. <Enter>
.

. 2.56.

92

1'

REVCLOUD (), AutoCAD 2004,


,
(: 2.57).

. 2.57.

Q
Draw (), Revision Cloud () Drav
(). :
Minimum arc length: IS Maximum arc length: 15 Style: Normal
Specify start point or [Arc length/Object/Style] <Object>:
( : 15 : 15 :
[ //] <>:)
(
, ). Arc lengtli
( ) ( ). Object ()
, Style ()
.
,
. , ,
.
, . ,
,
:
Reverse direction [Yes/No] <No>:
( [/] <>:)
Yes ()
.
Object (), .
. . 2.57
.

93

Style () : Normal
() Calligraphy (). . 2.57
.

2.11.
,
( 2 16).
, : , ,
. , ,
.
MLINE ().
Multiline (
) Draw ().
(
). ( . 5) ,
. ,
,
. AutoCAD
:
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 20.00, Style = STANDARD
( : = , = 20.00,
= STANDARD)
:
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]:
( [//]':)
, (),
. . AutoCAD
Undo (), Close ().
Close (),
<Enter> (. 2.58).

. 2.58.

94

.
, Justification () (),
Bottom () Zero (). Scale (), 1,
, ;
,
STyle () (
).
(
STANDARD) .
, 5,
mln.

2.12.
TEXT ()
(). ,
( ). TEXT () DTE> T
() ( ).

2.12.1.
TEXT (), , ,

Text () (. 2.59), 13
Draw (), Text | Single Line Text ( |
).

1/.^]@
. 2.59. Text

,
:
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5000
( : "Standard" : 2.5000)

( , .).
. 5.
( )
STANDARD. , AutoCAD -
( 2,5 ).
:

95

Specify start point of text or I Justify/Style]:


( [/]':)
( )
: Justify () Style ().
,
( , ). Justify ()
,
. . ,
. ,
( , , g,
, , )-

:
Specify height <2.S000>:
( <2.5000>:)
( )
. :
Specify rotation angle of text <0>:
( <0>:)
(
0). (,
).
, ,
I. (, )
<Enter> ( <Enter>, ,
). (. 2.60).
(
) .

. 2.60.

, , AutoCAD 2006,

'. - TEXT
(), <Enter>. -

96

. ,
( or
, ).
(, ,
,
, *:

%%nnn (nnn ) !- 1251,


Windows;
%% / ;
%% / ;
%%d "";
%% - "";
%% ;
%%% "%".

.
.
. 2.61.
. ,
, \+2205, \+.
(. 2.62), ,
Justify ():
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Rigltt/TL/TC/TR/MVMC/MR/BL/BC/BRJ:
( [////enPaeo/
////////]':)

AilQfl

"Fit
Orfei
Midfe
TL

_ML_

3:

MR
BL
BR

. 2.61.

. 2.62.

97

Right (), :
Specify right endpoint of text baseline:
( :)
, .
Middle (), :
Specify middle point of text:
( :)
.
( , Right () Middle ())
. 2.63.
.

Right

Middle
. 2.63. ,

(BL (), (), MR (), TR () . .)


Bottom (), Middle (), (), Left
(), Center (), Right ().
. 2.64 (
, . .).
,
. , .

BL

. 2.64.
TL, , TR, ML, MC, MR, BL, , BR, Right, Center
4 . 326

98

TL (), (), TR (),


ML (), (), MR (), BL (),
(),(.
Align () Fit (),
(. 2.65).
Align () AutoCAD ,
,
,
. Fit () ,
, AutoCAD \
, .
Undo
Redo
Cut
Copy
Paste

+2
CtrttY
Drl+X .'.
Ctri+C
CW*V

Opaque Background

14
J f l 1.1?,

Insert Field...

CtrtF

Find and Replace...

CtikR

Select

CMA

Help

F1

UPPERCASE CtikShifWJ
lowercase
Qtl+Shilt+L

Cancel
. 2.65.
Align Fit

. 2.66.

,
. ,
(. 2.66) :

Undo () ( . .)
;

Redo () ;

Cut () ;

() ;

Paste () ;

Opaque Background ( )
;

Insert Field ( ) ( .
. 2.13);

Find and Replace ( )


;

99

Select All ( ) ;

Change Case ( )
(UPPERCASE) (lowercase);

Help () ,
;

Cancel () ( ).

2.12.2.
() (
, ),
, ,
Microsoft Word. ,
Draw () Text (), Draw | Text |
Multiline Text ( | | ).
()
,
(. 2.67).
. , :
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5
Specify first corner:
( : "Standard". : 2.5
:)

. 2.67.

100

.2

:
Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line spacing/Rotation/Style/Width]:
( [//
///]':)
(. 2.68).
. "
.
, Windows. , .
i~i]<ii>

. 2.68.

Text For
matting ( ) (. 2.69),
.
lText Foinidtlimj
)Standard

^ p f

txt

^J|25

jrj

min i i is ij = ii <8| :.** #

o O. f

{ J j j ! J H : OK

<v>

i #/jo,oooo j i .e|i.oooo ^-{.[... ~^j

. 2.69. Text Formatting

Text Formatting
( ) <Ctrl>+<Enter>,
AutoCAD (. 2.70).
, Text Formatting ( )
, , , . )
:

Standard
; ;

101

. !
, , ,
,
.
. .
. 2.70.


; ;
_*j
; ,
;

17 Arial

| (
TrueType);
[ / | (
TrueType);
| U | ;
m ;
;
, ;
|

;
-

;
* (
, ).
Text Formatting ( )
:
;
;
;
;
,*: ;

102

!'

;
;
;

, ;
;
;
;

- ;
/ 5.000 -- ;
gib J1.0000 ;r-~- ;
1.0000

;
, !.
( , ,
, . .),
.
^ ( SHX AutoCAD) ^t ( Windows TrueType). He
,
. ,
, .
.
, (
) .
, ,
: /, #.
. . 2.71

, -f
, -i,
.

( ).

103

X3

20

1
3

5
8

'
;;

. 2.71.

,
AutoStack Properties (
) (. 2.72).

Do you wantto automatically stack the text...


exptessiona x/y,x&y/andx asyoutype?
' .
/

I * EnebleAutoStacking.
" Hemoveleading blank 1 x/y becomes Ix/yj '.'....
Specify how.'Vy'1 should stack:
<~ Cpnveit.il, to a diagonal fraction
,<" Convert it to a borizontal fraction
" Don't show this dialog again; ajways use
. these settings.

;;,'_/.

--. "'",' O K ' ^

'Cancel

. 2.72. AutoStack Properties

:
Do you want to automatically stack the text expressions x/y, x#y, andx^y as you type?
( /, # * ?)
, :

Enable AutoStacking ( );

Remove leading blank: 1 / becomes lx/ ( : 1 /


1/);

Convert it to a diagonal fraction ( );

104

'

Convert it to a horizontal fraction ( );

Don't show this dialog again; always use these settings ( ^


).

/ (
).
,
AutoStack Properties (
).
(. . 2.73)
. . 2.7:
, V
.
[ First line: 22]

|
V

17^

-."*

' ' ' L

Indents and Tabs...


Set Mtext Width...

. 2.73.

. 2.74.

.
,
L. ,
<>.

, .
,
. 2.74.
Indents and Tabs ( )
(. 2.75),
, , .
m i n d e n t s and Tabs

BO
Tab stop position

--Indentation
4

First line:

^__

i -.: 147.5
' [ J23S

j Earagraph:

.(1
;

Set

Cigar

OK

' Cancel

. 2.75. Indents and Tabs

105

. Indentation () First
line ( ) , Paragraph
() .
Tab stop position ( )
.
Set (). Clear
() .
Set Mtext Width ( )
(. . 2.74) .
Set Mtext Width ( )
(. 2.76), ,
Width ().
I g j S e t Mtext Width
':

Width:

v'.'-v.ok:. .'';-.

'tfrvdo '
Redo

Hi

Cut
Copy
Paste

' ' Cancel ]

CWY
Orl+X
Ctrl+C
CtrkV

Learn about MTEXT

. 2.76.
Set Mtext Width

: v Show Toolbaf
* Show Options
Show Ruler
Insert Field..
Symbol
, Import Text...
I

Qrl+F

Indents and Tabs...


Bullets and Lists
Background Mask.:.
Justification
Find and Replace... Ctthfl

SelectAJ
Ctrl+A
"6; Change Case
' AutoCAPS "/".':
Remove Formatting Ctrl+Space
Combine Paragraphs

Character Set

. 2.77.

' Help

>

Fl

Cancel


, . 2.77.
:

Undo () ;

Redo () ;

106

.?

Cut () ;

() ;

Paste () ;

Learn about ( )
;

Show Toolbar ( ) , Text


Formatting ( );

Show Options ( ) ,
Text Formatting ( );

Show Ruler ( ) ,
;

Insert Field ( ) (. . 2.13)\

Symbol () ;

Import Text ( )
txt rtf;

Indents and Tabs ( )


(. . 2.75);

Bullets and Lists ( )


;

Background Mask ( )
;

Justification () (
);

Find and Replace ( ) (Replace)


;

Select All ( ) , ;

Change Case ( )
(UPPERCASE) (lowercase);

AutoCAPS ()
( , );
<CapsLock>;

Remove Formatting ( )
(, , ) ;

Combine Paragraphs ( ) (
);

Stack Properties ( )
;

107

Character Set ( )
(Central Europe (-), Cyrillic (), Hebrew
(), Arabic () . .);

Help () ,
;

Cancel () .

Justification () (. 2.78)
.
, .
V Top Lei!

TL

Top Center
Top Right
. , Middle Left
Middle Centei
Middle Right
Bottom Left
Bottom Centei
Bottom Right

TC
TR
ML
MC
MR
BL
.''..
BR

. 2.78. Justification

Symbol () (. 2.79) :

Degrees ();

Plus/Minus (/);

Diameter ();

Almost Equal ( );

Degrees
Plus/Minus
Diameter

Angle ();

Almost Equal.
Angle

Boundary Line ( );

Boundary Line
Center Line

Center Line ( );

Delta ();

Electrical Phase ();

Flow Line ( );

Identity ();

Initial Length ( );

Monument Line ( );

Not Equal (He );

Ohm ();

Omega ();

Property Line ( );

:. : Delta
Electrical Phase
Flow Line
Identity
. Initial Length
Monument Line
NotEqual
':; Ohm.
Omega
, Property Line
Subscript 2
Squared
Cubed

: %%d .
%%p '
%%c
\+2248
VJ+2220
\LH-E100
\U+2104
\U+039
\U+02?8

W+Elpl
\U+2261
\U+E200
\U+E102
\U+2260
AU+2126
\U+03A9
\U+2HA
\U+2082
\U+00B2
VJ+00B3

Non-breaking Space Ctrl+Shift+Space


Other...

. 2.79. Symbol

108

.?

Subscript 2 ( 2);

Squared ();

Cubed ();

Non-breaking Space ( );

Other ().

. Other () Windows :
(. 2.80) .
, .
, Windows
<Ctrl>+<V>.
,
():
Rotation ()
X;

Line spacing ( )
.

:
Enter line spacing type [At least/Exactly] <At least>:
( [/]
<>:)
I

Aria]

1
.

' ' . . ' . " .

' # $ %&

5 7

] \

( )
', < =
L N Q

d 8

8 9

q
.

! 1
' "' -

D N

..

* + , / 0 1 2 3
?
> D F G
R S V W X Y Z [
f h 1 ! 1 m
z { 1} 1
+ 2
3
,
11
Q 1
X

!''

Y D ft a a

9 I 1 1 i 0
0 0

:< - -

' '

.ri


Sign

: AJH31S9

. 2.80.

109

At least () ,
, .
Exactly () ,
(
).
:
Enter line spacing factor or distance <lx>:
( <1>:)

, .

, 1,66.
(, 1.5,
) (, 2.25, 2,25
). 1.0417 (0.25) 16.6667
(4).

(
ACADTABLE, . 2.14).

2.13.
Field () Insert (),
FIELD (),
, , . ,
AutoCAD.
, , .
AutoCAD,
- .
% .
<Ctrl>+<F>.
FIELD () Field () (. 2.81).
,
Field names ( ). . 2.81 Author ().
, Author ()
Summary () (. . 1.20).
Field expression ( ) ,
Author () : %<\AcVar Author>%.
Author () .
, .

110

.?

Learn about Fields


Author:

Field category:

format:
SlockPlaceholder
Comments
CreateDate
CurrentSheetCategory
Current5heetCustom
CurrentSheetDescription
CurrentSheetlssuePurpose-'
CurrentSheetNumber
CurrentSheetNumberAndTI
CurrentSheetRevisfonOate
CurrentSheetRevisionNuml
CurrentSheetSet
CurrentSheetSetCustom
CurrentSheetSetDescriptio
CurrentSheetSetProjectMik
CurrentSheetSetProjectNa
CurrentSheetSetProjectNu .
CurrentSheetSetProiectPh.Jl|

Jppercase
Lowercase
First capital
Title case

Field expression:
%<VW/arAuthor>%

OK

Cancel.... |

Help

. 2.81. Field

Format () ,
Author () .
:

() ();

Date & Time ( );

Document ();

Linked ();

Objects ();

Uppercase ( );
Lowercase ( );
First capital ( );

Title case ( ).
Field category ( ) ,
Field names ( ). . 2.81
(), .
Author () Document ().
, AutoCAD:

111

Other ();
Plot ();
SheetSet ().
. 2.82 Field () Date & Time
( ).

Learn about Fields


Field category:

Qate format:
3

-Hints

| M/d/yyyy

Field Qames:
Date
PlotDate
SaveDate

Examples:
27,
27, 2006
3/27/06
2006-03-27
27--06
3.27,2006
. 27, 06
27 2006
27.03.2006
27/03/2006
2006/03/27
2006-3-27
06
-06
3/27/2006 1:35
3/27/2006 1:35:41
1:35
1:35:41

"'*''

- month
- day
- year

1 h
! m
tt

- hour
minute
- am or pm

j /

- separator
- separator
- separator

Month example:
1M
i MM
1
] MMMM

;]

- 8
-08
- Aug
- August

Field expression:
%<\AcVar CreateDate \f "M/d/yyyy">%

OK

Cancel

Help

. 2.82. Field ( Date & Time)

, Field ()
Date format ( ) Examples (),
Hints () .
. 2.83 Formula () Objects (
).
Objects () : BlockPlaceholder (Me), Formula (), NamedObjects ()
Object (). ,
7, (
, , . . 2.14).
, , ,
, , (. 4, 5, 7 10).

112

;?

Named object type ( ) (


, Layer ()). Name ()
.
, Format () ;
.

1
. i t.. Learn about Fields ""'
=

'review;

teld iategory:

Objects

9.21

ield names:

format:

BlockPlaceholder

(none)

NamedObject
Object
Count

..

A.

Architectural
Engineering
Fractional
decision;

JJ

ju.uu

AdditionalFo/mat... j
=

p/mula:

678.93/73.7

Evaluate

ield expression

%<\AcExpr (678. 93/73.7) V "%lu2%pr2" >%

OK

Cancel

Help

. 2.83. Field ( Objects, Formula)

Field names ( ) Object


(), Field () .
Object type ( ) _$
. (,
) .
, . 2.84.
Object type ( )
Polyline (). , :
Property ()
( . 2.84 Area ());
Preview () ;
Format () ;
Precision () .

113

>j ,' Learn about Fields


Field category:

"

j Objects
Field names:
BlockPlaceholder
Formula
NamedObject

Object type:.

^review:

J Polyfine

1*1192.5482

Property:

format;

Closed
Color
Elevation
Global width
Layer
Length
Unetype
Linetype generation
Linetype scale
Lineweight
Material
Object name
Plot style
Thickness

(none)
Current units

-d

Architectural

Precision:

jcurrent precision

Additional Format..

Field expression:
%<\AcpbjProp Ob)ect(%<\_ObjId 2130247200>%).Area \f "%lu2">%

Cancel

Help

. 2.84. Field ( Objects, Object)


Field Format ( ).
Field ()
.
(
, ), ,
. FIELD
(), AutoCAD ,
, (. 2.85).
.
, ,
UPDATEFIELD ()
Update Fields ( ) Tools ().
.


41192,5482
. 2.85.

114

2.14.
AutoCAD (
ACAD TABLE). TABLE
(), |t;1j j Draw (
), Table () Draw ().
TABLE () Insert Table (
) (. 2.86).

learn about Tables


Table Style Settings

Insertion Behavior
Text height:

Table Style name;

4.S .

Data
Data

Header
Ja-to.
lata.
lata
Data
lata
lata,
lata
lota

" Specify window

"Column & Row Settings "."

Title
Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
tiata
Data

(* Specify insertion point

Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

^olumns:
5

] j

Column widths
-*):

>atag.ows:

I63.S

Row Heiflht:

"

'

j j j Line(s)

^
OK

Cancel

lp

. 2.86. Insert Table

Table Style Settings ( )


Table Style name ( )
. ,
1 , 1 (
5).
, Table Style Settings (
), . Text heigh:
( ) ,
.
Insert Table ( ) (. 2.86)
. Insertion Behavior ( )
:

Specify insertion point ( );

Specify window ( ).

115


, ,
.
Column & Row Settings ( )
. Columns (.
) Data Rows (. ) .
Column width ( ),
( ) Row Height ( ).
Insertion Behavior ( ) Specify
window ( ), Column width ( )
Data Rows (. ) ,
.
Insert Table ( )
:
Specify insertion point:
( :)

( ).
, ,
.
, ,
Text Formatting ( ) (. 2.87).
lext I oimiittirii)
| Standard
_|}|AAtxt
Ifc-lilii

1 . 3 E 1 : ;=

0 $ 3 'S-'Z-,IB,-

; t t

' "

W .G
"T^

''' ' ' ' . ''' ^''fijf; : ^ ; ';'y.OK ; ; vi ; ; '


& , ^/(-ij -, , * | 5 " j - j ; < ,(1.0000 "-j-j

...: V" ' /'.. .. ' ... I

~~T~

. 2.87.


. ,
Insert Table ( ) Data Rows (. ).
Text Formatting ( )
(. . 2.69). ,
.

( ) . -

116

.?

: (, . .)
(1, 2 . .). .
:
<>, <Shift>+<Tab>. <>
.
. 2.88 .
12
11
10

. 2.88.

Insert Table ( ) Insertion Behavior


( ) Specify window (
), :
Specify first corner:
( .)
:
Specify second corner:
( :)
(. 3).
.
. 7.
, . >
( *
) Insert Field ( ).
Field () (. . 2.81) Fielc
category () Objects (), Field names
( ) Formula (). ,
. 2.89.
( ),
. 2.89:

Average ();

Sum ();

Count (-);

Cell ().

117

,T':; Learn about Fields


' -Field Category:

^review:

;: Objects
:

j j

ield names:

format:

BlockPlaceholder

,,.>:v. Current units

Average

NamedObject
Object

Decimal

Sum

Engineering
Fractional

ount

';.."'.;.-.:v

Cll

Additional Fgrrnat... )
=

Cjrmuia:

Sum(A3:A10)

Evaluate

ield expression:
%<\AcExpr (Sum(A3:A10))>%

OK

Cancel

Help

. 2.89.


, . . 2.89
(A3:10), .
,
A310. , ,
, : 2+6/4.

2.15.
, ()
, Dimension (
) Dimension ().
, Dimension ()
(. 2.90).

\;;) /><S>4i! 14* ! ^ ! IS0-25


. 2.90. Dimension

118

AutoCAD , . .
, . ,

.

2.15.1.
DIMLINEAR ()
. |*"*| Dimension () \
Dimension | Linear ( | ).
, ,
. DIMLINEAR
():
Specify first extension line origin or <select object>:
( < >:)
.
J
AutoCAD:
Specify second extension line origin:
( :)
. !
AutoCAD , :
Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:
(
[/////]:)
AutoCAD , (
, ) . ,
, ,
(. 2.91).
:
Dimension text = 86.46
( = 86.46)
( DIMENSION
()). .

(
),

119

Fit () (. 3)
DIMSCALE (
. 12).

. 2.91.


(. 2.92). AutoCAD ,

.
86,46

,4

OJ

. 2.92.

,
:

Mtext () ,
( );

Text () , ,
;

Angle ()
;

Horizontal () ;

Vertical () ;

Rotated () () ; AutoCAD
: Specify angle of dimension line: ( :),

120

.?


, .
, ,
<select objecf> (< >), ,
<Enter>. :
Select object to dimension:
( :
, , . AutoCAD
( ) "
.
DIMALIGNED (),
Dimension () Aligned () Dimension
(),
.
. 2.93.

. 2.93.

2.15.2.
DIMARC (), \(\
fr
Dimension | Arc Length ( | ),
, .
:
Select arc or polyline arc segment:
( :)
. :
Specify arc length dimension location, or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Partial/LeaderJ:
( [////]:)

121

. 2.94.

( ).
,
. Partial () ,
, ( ). Leader (
) (
).
. 2.94.
,
, (. 5).

2.15.3.
DIMORDINATE ()
.
Dimension () Ordinate ()
Dimension ().
:
Specify feature location:
( :)
, ,
. :
Non-associative dimension created.
Specify leader endpoint or fXdatum/Ydatum/Mtext/Text/AngleJ:
( .
[////]:)
, .
, , ,
( ) .
. 2.95.
:
Xdatum () ,
;

122

;'

259,12

/
. 2.9S.

Ydatum () ,
;

Mtext ()
( );

Text () ;

Angle () .

2.15.4.
DIMRADIUS () Dimension () Radius () Dimension (
).

:
Select arc or circle:
( .)
( ):
Dimension text = XXX
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:
( [//]':)
, , (. 2.96).

. 2.96.

123

| | DIMJOGGED ()
Dimension | Jogged ( | ) ,
(. 2.97).

. 2.97.


. (. 5).

2.15.5.
DIMDIAMETER () .
{Jy Dimension ()
Diameter () Dimension ().
. 2.98.

. 2.98.

. 2.99.

,
(. . 2.96). ,
, (. 2.99),
DIMATFIT 1.
12.

DIMATFIT <Enter>. :

124

.1

Enter new value for DIM A TFIT <3>:


( DIMATFIT <3>.)
1.
, . 2.99.

,
DIMATFIT.

2.15.6.
DIMANGULAR () <
( ). Ei
{_ Dimension ()
Angular () Dimension ().
:
Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>:
( , , < >:)
, , (
, !,
( ,
). <Enter>, AutoCAD
, . . . 2.100.

. 2.100.

2.15.7.
QDIM ()

( DIMBASELITME () DIMCONTINUE ()).

125

QDIM () \ Dimension (
) Quick Dimension ( ) Dimension (
).
:
Associative dimension priority = Endpoint
Select geometry to dimension:
( =
.)
, .
, , ,
Endpoint ().
seTtings (). :
Specify dimension line position, or
[Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/Rudius/Diameter/datumPoint/Edit
/seTtings]<Continuous>:
(
[////////
] <>:)
,
:
Continuous () ;
Staggered () ( ,
) (. 2.101);

. 2.101.

Baseline () ;
Ordinate () ;
Radius () ;
Diameter () ;

126

,?

datumPoint ()
;

Edit () (AutoCAD ,
);

seTtings () ,
.

2.15.8.
DIMBASELINE ()
(. 2.102).

. 2.102.

DIMBASELINE (), ,
* Dimension ()
Baseline () Dimension ().
,
:
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Selecl>:
( [/] <>:)

, (
) . ,
.

<Esc>.

!
.

,
, :

127

Select base dimension:


( :)
Undo () DIMBASELINE
(), Select ()
.

^)


. . 5.

2.15.9.
DIMCONTINUE ()
(. 2.103).

. 2.103.

DIMCONTINUE (), ,
|* ) Dimension ()
Continue () Dimension ().
DIMCONTINUE ()
. .
Undo () DIMCONTINUE (),
Select ()
.

2.16.10.
QLEADER () ,
, ,
( )
.
*$ Dimension () Leader ()
Dimension ().

128

:
Specify first leader point, or [Settings] <Settings>:
( [] <>:)

, :
Specify text width <0>:
( <0>:)
( ,
). :
Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>:
( <>:)
<Enter>, ,
, :
Enter next line of annotation text:
( :)
<Enter>.
. 2.104.

. 2.104.

AutoCAD
, Settings (
). Leader Settings (
) (. 2.105).
. Annotation () .
Annotation Type ( ) :

MText ();

Copy an Object ( );

Tolerance ();

Block Reference ();

None ().

129

\Leader
,;,

Sellings

Annotation j Lead Line & Arrow) Attachment J

i MText options:'

j Annotauon Type

! fv Prompl for i^idth

] ^JlH
-.;.";;';'J **' opy an Object
i . f. Xolerance; "
:.:}". BlockReference
'.

' f *

' f

Always left justify

i " tame text


, Annotation Reuse

Ngne

t~ Reuse Ngxt
Reuse Cujient

OR

Gancei

Help "

. 2.105. Leader Settings, Annotation

MText options ( ) :

Prompt for width ( );

Always left justify ( );

Frame text ( ).

Annotation Reuse ( )
, :

None ();

Reuse Next ( );

Reuse Current ( ).

Leader Line & Arrow ( ) (. 2.106).


Leader Line (-)
:

Straight ();

Spline ().

Number of Points ( )
.
No Limit (He ),
<Enter>.
Maximum () (,
).
Arrowhead () .
(. 2.107).
5 . 326

130

2
* Closed filled

it
[fj? Closed blank
Closed
Dot
OS Architectural tick
E Oblique

FJS Ongin indicator


f Origin indicator 2
H Right angle
Open 30
Dot small
BJ Dot blank
Eg Dot small blank
Box
Box filled
fijjj Datum triangle
fH Datum triangle filled
Integral
None
User Arrow...

I c.ider bettings
Annotation j l e a ^ f t i n e T A i r o w ] ) Attachment |

i n

J S Closed filed

Number of Points

Angle Constraints'
FifSt Segment, jAny angle

" No Limit
.!; ]3

-i-J Majemum

OK

Second Segment: I Any angle

Cancel

~3 ;

Help

. 2.106. Leader Settings.

. 2.107.

Arrowhead

Leader Line & Arrow

Angle Constraints ( )
.
. 2.108 $
First Segment ( ) Second Segment ( ).

!
Annotation ] Leader Line & Arrow Attachment I
Multi-line Text Attachment
Text on leftside
Top of top line

Middle of top fine

r
r

Middle of mufti-fine text


, / , Middle of bottom line ,

<?
Horizontal
90*
45'
30*
15'

Bottom of bottom line

:.-.'.';

r
.<?

" yndetlkie bottom line

OK .
. 2.108.


Angle Constraints

Text on right side

Cancel

. 2.109. Leader Settings,


Attachment

131

Attachment ()

(. 2.109). ,
Underline bottom line ( ) Attachment
().

2.15.11.
TOLERANCE ()
( ).
Dimension () Tolerance ()
Dimension ().
TOLERANCE () Geometric Tolerance
( ) (. 2.110).
Geometric Tolerance

c-Sym-i nToleiancel -'".-

i ;;!

i Tolerance2

\
Height )

> ( - D a t u m 1 " ; ' D a t u m 2 - -. Datum 3"i

" [ 1~:
Projected Tolerance Zone:

Qatum Identifier:

|"11:1;1

Cane el

Help

. 2.110. Geometric Tolerance

,
.
, .
( 13
).
.
.
, ,
.
Sym (), Symbol
() (. 2.111), .

, Tolerance 1 ( 1)
Tolerance 2 ( 2), .
, .
Tolerance 1 ( 1) Tolerance 2 ( 2)

132

.?


Material Condition ( ) (. 2.112).

. 2.111. Symbol

Material Condition

? ,005

J_ 0005
1.000

. 2.113.
TOLERANCE

. 2.112.
Material Condition

.
TOLERANCE () . 2.113.
QLEADER ()
(. Tolerance () Annotation (
)).

2.15.12.
DIMCENTER ()
. (+) Dimension () v
Center Mark ( ) Dimension ().
(. 3),
, . 2.114.

. 2.114.

133

Dimension ()
, 3.

2.16.
AutoCAD
, .

2.16.1.
(),
44 Draw (),
Hatch () Draw ().
() ,
(),
, .
, .
Hatch and Gradient ( ) (. 2.115).
. Hatch
() .
, , .
() Type and pattern ( )
:

Predefined ();

User defined ( );

Custom ().

AutoCAD .
Pattern (
), . [_],
Hatch Pattern Palette ( ),
. ANSI (. 2.116) ISO (. 2.117)
ANSI ISO, .
Other Predefined ( ) (. 2.118) ,
. Custom ()
, .
SOLID,
, (
).
() User defined ( ),
,

134

( Angle () Spacing () Angle and scale (


)).

Hatch and Gradient


Hatch

Boundaries ' " "

Gradient)

r Type and pattern


Type:
BRSTDNE

Pattern: .

3_J

; points

-^4*

Add: Select objects

" ^ I Remove boundaries

Swatch:
vfy | Recreate boundary

, Custorn psttern:

A I *6*4 Selections

Angle and scale :

Scale:

j Angle:

Options ~

3 h

P" ^ssociativei

' Doable

Sparing:

Dfajji Older:

J Send behind boundary

: ISO pen width

Rejalive to paper space

Hatch origin

" Create separate batches

_rj

j j L I. Inhetit Properties

: f~ Use currenj origm


; (* Specified origin
Click to set new: origin.
P

Default lo boundary events


I - -

- '

. ! I V'..

j Bottom left

JJ

I j S S :
1J

, *j

" Store aco^fault origin


Preview

OK

Cancel

Help

. 2.115. Hatch and Gradient, Hatch

. Pattern
(), Swatch () Hatch ami
Gradient ( ).

.
, . Hatch origin (
) ,
- .
ISO,
ISO Pen Width ( ISO). Relative ts
Paper Space ( )
(. 11).

135

Hatch Pattern Palette


MSI 'ISC

Other Predefined] Custom

;
ANSI31

ANS135

ANSI32

ANSI33

AN5I34

ISO02W100

IS003v/100

ISO04W100

ISO05W/10Q

ANSI37

ANSI38

ISO06W100

IS007W100

ISO08W10O

ISO0SW10O

ISO11W10O

IS01ZW100

IS013W100

ANSI36

IS010W100

~;
ISO14W100

IS015W100

Cancel

. 2.117. Hatch Pattern Palette,


ISO

^. 2.116. Hatch Pattern Palette,


ANSI

Hatch Pattern Palette


ANSI 1 ISO

fOiFeiPiede'rined"|| Custom I
_LI_L
LLL
LLL

SOLID

ANGLE

ARB81G

AR-B816C

AR-B88

AR-BRELM

AR-BRSTD

AR-CONC

AR-HBONE

AR-PARQ1

ARRROOF

AR-RSHKE

AR-SAND

BOX

d
Help

. 2.118. Hatch Pattern Palette, Other Predefined

Hatch and Gradient (


) .
.
, AutoCAD (-

'i

136

) (. 2.119). *
<Enter>.

. 2.119.

,
.
.
?
. Hatch
and Gradient ( ) , ,
. (),
.
#
.

, -

.
Double (-),
,
, 90 .
,
, .
Options ()
Draw Order ( ):

Do not change (He );

Send to back ( );

Bring to front ( );

Send behind boundary ( );

Bring in front of boundary ( ).


Associative (),
.
.
. . Separate

137

hatches ( )
, .

Q?), Hatch and Gradient (
) (. 2.120).
KJHalch and Gradient
Hatch I Gradient |
Type and pattern
Type:

jPredelined

JJJ

Pattern:

j BRSTONE

j r j j

; Swatch:

Angle

Add: Pick points

I*?. Island detection

Ml

Add: Select objects '

Ml

Remove boundaries

I siand display style:

121 IP
(* H fflma '

Qutef

' Ignore

Boundary retention
^iew Selections

P -Retain boundaries ...

S_caie:

Zl
Double

1 3

^ssociativej

F"

, | Polyline

Boundary set :,

; ".Create sepatatehatches.

j Current viewport

__*]

Jt> j

Draw.aidef;

ISfl pen width:

Obiecttype:

Options

""'.Rgletive to paper space '

Spacing'

Hatch origin
f

3l

Angle and scale

Islands; "

! Becreate boundary

; pattern

Boundaries

| Send behind boundary

Tolerance.''& j Inherit Properties

Use currenj otigin

Gap tolerance"
(0

ut

Inherit options" "


< Use current origin .

(*" Specified origin

f~ Use source hatch origin

4j Cfck to set new origin


P DeJaurrt lo boundary events

I-

" Store as default otigin


Help

. 2.120. Hatch and Gradient,

,
,
Island display style ( ). Normal (
)
. Outer ()
, . Ignore
() , .
. 2.120.
,
, Retain boundaries (
) ,

138

( . . 2.19).
Object type ( ).
, ,
AutoCAD, ,
, (,
, ). 4 (New ()) Boundary set ( ).
AutoCAD ()
,
. Gap tolerance ( ),
.
AutoCAD ,
, .
Inherit options ( ) ,

<|:

Use current origin ( );

Use source hatch origin ( ).


Preview (),
Hatch and Gradient ( ).
, .
,
. ,
( )
, . 2.121.

. 2.121. ,

. 2.121 ,
(. 2.122).

139

. 2.122. ,

,
( . 3).
, EXPLODE
().
, .

2.16.2.
SOLID Other Predefined ( ) (. . 2.118)
, .
. ,
. . 2.123.

. 2.123.

2.16.3.
, .
Gradient () Hatch
and Gradient ( ) (. 2.124), -

.?

140

GRADIENT (),
Draw ()
Draw | Gradient ( ).

Hatch and Gradient

<~,Clqr

;"

Boundaries

Hatch: . Gradient'

Jul

' '

; **!,: fine cfaf

'"^

T,wo

-l l i
Shade

'?*.' T i n t

*l
!
_
^J

Add Pick points

Add; Select objects ;

Remove boundaries

^iewSelections.

Options'
f ? Associative
" Create separate batches
Draa order:
j Send behind boundary

Orientation
"P" ^entered

Preview

y'.
Angle

J^J

tnheiii Properties

"3

"

Cancel

Help

. 2.124. Hatch and Gradient, Gradient


: One color ( ) Two color ( ).
(
/~\ , ),
(Tint)
(Shade). |... ].
Select Color ( ),
. Index Color ( ) (. 2.125)
AutoCAD ( 1
255).
Select Color ( ) .
True Color ( ) Color

141

Index Color

. J

TiueColoi

j , Coloi Books

J AutoCAD Coiot Index ().

I i

SSS5I

"I

31

Cancel

ti^lp

. 2.125. Select Color, Index Color

Select

Colo.

Index Color

TrueColot

Hue: :"V- .'gafrufation:

Color Books

Luminance; ' Colot XQodet

Hies"ziip d .:.;,.;:;;: F H

rj"

;.|HSL

True Color Stoted


; ;
',' ;asRSB;.;'';.
j - i .:.; Red.'. " 43 .;
, ; : Green: 223 "
" ' Blue. 234

149.223.234

OK

Cancel

Help

. 2.126. Select Color, True Color ( HSL)

model ( ) : HSL RGB.


(. 2.126) Hue (), Saturation
() Luminance ().
. , Luminance ()
.
=.= ,

142

. ,
.
RGB (Red (), Green () Blue ()) ( . 2.126
: 149, 223, 234).
Color model ( )
RGB, , . 2.127.

\-\

| Select Color
Index Color

True Color

Color Books

- fled
|l49 ,

True Color.Stored
as RGB

.1223 3
':--'

Color 11:

..

.. Blue

Red'

149

Green;

223

Blue: .'''.234 . ' J

1234 j

"1

Color:
. J 149.223.23*

OK

Cancel

Help

. 2.127. Select Color, True Color ( RGB)

i '
Index Color

*]
f

: True.Color

CoIofBodks

.:".: Color book:


:''JDICCOLORGUIDE(R)
'":'

DIC 1

~~~l

DIC 2
DIC3
DIC 4

RGB.Equivalent: .
'

Red:
Green
Blue:

H 9 ,',
223
234

DIC 5
&

DIC
DIC 7

HI

DIC 8
DIC9
DIC10

Color:

>|m;:,4 '
OK

Cancel

I".

(Help

.J

. 2.128. Select Color, Color Books

143

Color Books ( ) (. 2.128)


Select Color ( ) ,
(
. 12).
Hatch and Gradient ( ),
. 2.124, Two color ( ),
.
. 2.129 .

\.

ISO Hatche

I
I

L
. 2.129.

tf

. 2.130. TOOL PALETTES,


Hatches

2.16.4.
TOOL PALETTES ( )

^ . , ,
Standard (). . 2.130 Hatches (
) .

, .
. . 7.

.1

144

2.17.
, >
() .
AutoCAD ELLIPSE (),
, v
Draw (), Draw | Ellipse
Axis, End ( | | , ).
:
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]:
( [/]:)
, :
Specify other endpoint of axis:
( :)
.
AutoCAD (
). :
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:
( []:)
. ,
,
(. 2.131).

. 2.131.

Rotation (
), ,
XY (, )
. : 089,4 ( ,
).
.
Center ()
Draw | Ellipse | Center ( | |
), AutoCAD :

145

Specify center of ellipse:


( :)
AutoCAD :
Specify endpoint of axis:
( .)
,
(Specify distance to other axis or /Rotation/: ( [
]:)).
ELLIPSE ()
Arc ().
Draw (),
Draw | Ellipse | Arc ( | | ).
AutoCAD:
Specify axis endpoint of elliptical arc or [Center]:
( []:)
:
Specify other endpoint of axis:
( .)
:
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]:
( []:)
:
Specify start angle or [Parameter]:
( []:)

( , ). :
Specify end angle or [Parameter/Included angle]:
( [/ ]:)
(. 2.132) , Included angle (
), () .
Parameter (),

.
,
.

146

i'

. 2.132.

2.18.
SPLINE () ,

, .
, , 'j:
Draw (), Spline ()
Draw ().
:
Specify first point or [Object/:
( [],:)
, :
Specify next point:
( .)
,
Close (), (

):
Specify next point or [Close/Fit tolerance] <start tangent>:
( [/] < >:)
, <Enter>
:
Specify start tangent:
( :)
( Close ()),
:
Specify tangent:
( :)
() (. 2.133).

147

. 2.133.

<Enter>,
.

. 2.134.

(. . Close ()),

(. 2.134):
Specify end tangent:
( :)
. 2.135.

. 2.135.

148

Object (),
AutoCAD
Spline () (. 3
9) :
Select objects to convert to splines...
Select objects:
( ...
:)
() .

2.19.
, .
. .
( , ).
.
( ,
.).
(, ,
) .
REGION (),
Draw (),
Draw | Region ( | ).
REGION ()
.
,
. . 2.136 ,
.
, . .
( ).

. 2.136.

149

2.20.
.
TRACE ()
. :
Specify trace width <J.0000>:
( <1.0000>.)
.
:
Specify start point:
( .)
. :
Specify next point:
( .)

<Enter>. . 2.137 .
.

. 2.137.

SOLID ()
.
:
Specify first point:
( :)
:
Specify second point:
( :)

150
:
Specify third point:
( :)

,
( ).
:
Specify fourth point or <exif>:
( <>.)
<Enter>, TpeyrunbHaf
. , ?

.
, <Enter>,
.
. 2.137 .
, SOLID (),
.

2.21.

. . 2.138 ) J
Inquiry (), .
:

Distance ();

Area ();

Region/Mass Properties ( );

List ();

Locate Point ().

. 2.138. Inquiry

Tools | Inquiry
( | ). Inquiry ()
:

DIST(flHCT)

AREA ()

MASSPROP (MACC-XAP)

LIST ()

()

151

( DIST ()
) .
LIST () (
) ,
, , ,
, , , . LIST ()
.
:
LINE (), XLINE (), RAY (), CIRCLE (), ARC (), POLYLINE
( ), LWPOLYLINE ( ), ACAD TABLE (
), DIMENSION (), TOLERANCE (), LEADER (), ELLIPSE
(), SPLINE (), REGION (), TRACE (), SOLID (),
3DSOLID (), BLOCK REFERENCE ( ),
IMAGE ( ), WIPEOUT () . .
AutoCAD ,
<F1>,
Help | Help ( | ), Standard
(), HELP ().
AutoCAD 2007 Help ( AutoCAD 2007)
(. 2.139), .
, .
<F1> - ,
- , . .
.
, . 2.139, (
- Windows):

(Contents) ;

(Index) ,
;

Search () .

,
Windows.
INFO
PALETTE ( ),
ASSIST (), Help | Info Palette ( |
). . 2.140.

152

6? AutoCAD 2 0 0 7 Help

.till

' , |

AutoCAD 2007 Help

\ *^ Usee's Guide
] ^

Command Reference

i ^

Driver and Peripheral Guide

)^

Installation and Licensing Guides

W e l c o m e to
AutoCAD 2007
Help

l 4 p Customization Guide

AutoLISP, Visual LISP, and DXF

\i] ActiveX Automation and VBA

AutoCAD 2007
Help provides
complete
information for
using AutoCAD.
Click the links on
the right or use the
Contents tab on the
left to browse Help
topics.
V i e w the New
Features
Workshop

General Information
Hew Features Workshop
Use the Help System Efficiently
View the Product Readme
Help Files
User'sGuide
Command Reference

....!.
Installation and Liceiisinu Guides
Customization Guide
AutoLISP, Visual LISP, ami DXF
ActiveX Automation and VBA
Resources on the Web
autodesk.com

. 2.139.

\ip<

SPLINE
Command
command
list

Fits a s m o o t h
curve to a
s e q u e n c e of
points within
a specified
tolerance

X.Q.sony.ej.L.a
J2iiD&i
polyline to a

. 2.140. INFO PALETTE

zl

153

INFO PALETTE ( ) . . 2.140


SPLINE ().
Q ASSISTCLOSE
().
.

2.22. 2
1. , .

,
: Jf =57.3, Y= 116.9 - 204.8, =44.4.

(
).

:
.
,
.

2. .

,
, 45 .

, .

3. .

, .

. 2.141 2.

. 2.141. 2


,
:

(. . 3.1);

, , . .
(. . 3.2);

(. . 3.33.10).

(, , , .)
4.

3.1.
2,
Command: (:), , .
.
.

3.1.1.
,
. , LIST ().
LINE ()
.
(. 3.1).
( ). (
), (. 3.2),
, (
).

155

. 3.1.

. 3.2.

.
, , ,
. ,
. . 3.3 ,
= 206.7987, = 36.1107, Z = 0 .
AutoCAD :
X.

*.

24'

147.9809

I .:< i> i. ! \ Model X LayouU'layou<2 / V "


S p e c i f y next p o i n t o r
I i Command:

[Undo]:

Command:
,2067387.36.1107.0,0000

SNAPi GRID:. ORTHOKE

. 3.3.

, ,
.
. AutoCAD :
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
(** **
[ ///]:)
,
<4->, .
#250,175 <Enter>.
: =250, Y- 175.
# (. 3.4).

156

1'

0
o.

[< ; . ! ' .

H~"\ Model /Layoull I l a y o u t g /

STRETCH
S p e c i f y s t r e t c h p o i n t o r [Base p o i n t / C o p y / U n d o / e X i t ] :

250.175

Command:
37866, 10& 8975* 0.00"

. .4.
( )

~)

#,
( X 250 , fi
175 ). 2006.

,
, 2. AutoCAD
, STRETCH (),
. 3.2. . 3.5 ,
, . 3.4, . *
,

,
.

COPY (), . 3.2.

<Enter> , AutoCAD ,
MOVE (). <Enter>
ROTATE (),
SCALE (), MIRROR (),
STRETCH ().
, . 3.2.
, , AutoCAD
, .

157

(. 3.6). (
).

6>

*'

I^i < > ; : Model/ 12/


Command:
* STRETCH *
..I S p e c i f y s t r e t c h p o i n t o r [Base p o i n t / C o p y / U n d o / e X i t ] :
;11S.S03S. 165.1352.00000

_> SNAP: GRID; OfilHO; POLAR; | OSNAP. fc

. .5.
( )

. 3.6.



.
XLINE ()
. (
) , , ,
, (. 3.7).
(
RAY). : ,
. ,
() .
( CIRCLE) :
(. . , , ). -

158

,?

,
:!
, (. 3.8).

. 3.7.

. 3.8.

ARC () ( , i ) ( ). .
, ,
, ,
(. 3.9).
,
. ,
, , (. 3.10).
, ,
, , (. 3.11).
LIST
() : LWPOLYLINE

159

RTSvli'llSffS'rilil

. 3.9.

\ V

\
"...

/
/

1
[

a.. . /1.
//
|* j

. 3.10.

. 3.11.

POLYLINE (. . 3.3).
( lightweight polyline).
.

,
(. 3.12).
MLINE ()
.
TEXT () () ,
.
(. 3.13).
(Fit (), Aligned ())
.
Dimension () DIMENSION
(), LEADER () TOLERANCE ().
, .

, , -

160

96.1979

II

. 3.12.

. 3.13.

. ,
, ,
( . 3.14 ,
). 2, ,
. .
. 3.7.
DIMENSION ,
.
(
).
HATCH ( )
, . . (, , ).
, -

161

2.
, .

. 3.14.

(
ELLIPSE) .
.
.
, (. 3.15), . .
AutoCAD .

. 3.15.

SPLINE ()
,
(. 3.16).
TRACE (),
(. 3.17).
SOLID ().
POINT ( )
. ,
.
6 . 326

162

f*

--^

~^~-_1_
'

1<;

/'

. 3.16.

**
. 3.17.

3.1.2.
;
. (. .
) , ;
, . 3.18.
:
Enter <Enter> (
);
Recent Input ( ) ,
( );

Dynamic Input ( )
(#), (@) (*\
;

163

Entei
Recent Input

Dynamic Input

Absolute coordinates
WCS coordinates

8
"

-]

Move
MjftOf
Ofiotate
Scale
Q^ Stretch
;.', Base Point
% "
Reference
f

Undo

CTR UZ

;^'properties
"'Est'
. 3.18.

Move () ( MOVE ());

Mirror () ( MIRROR ());

Rotate () ( ROTATE ());

Scale ()
( SCALE ());

Stretch () ( STRETCH ());

Base Point ( )
STRETCH ();

() ( COPY ());

Reference () Reference ( )
ROTATE () Reference ( ) SCALE
();

Undo () ( U ());

Properties () ( PROPERTIES
());

Exit () .

, , . 3.2.
4.
(
) ,
, . 3.I9.
(.
. 3.18) , , (Move

164

(), Scale () . .), Erase (),


.
Repeat QNew

Recent Input
(rJ Spjne
JSMJ.CUJ

CTRL+X .

: Q
,
/
Copy with fiasePoint
, & to

CTRLtC
CTRUSHIFbC
CTRL+V

;;,;' Paste as Block

CTRLSHIFT+V

- Paste to Original Cootcjinates


'M E.'ass
.-<|*: Move"..,',','-...''

iiSiC<W' Selection
! JScaJe
0

Ratate
Draw Order

7:~k Deselect fill


fluick Select.^
QuickCalc

Bring to Front
Send to

Biing Above Obiects


if 3 Send Under Objects

' 4 ' Find,.


Properties

. 3.19.

.
Recent Input ( ).
( ), > ( . 3.19 ). ,
(. . 3.33.10).
Draw Order ( ) DRAWORDER
(), (

). 8 .
Properties () PROPERTIES (OKHOCB) , 4.
Deselect All ( ) , . .
<Esc>.
,
, .

165

Quick Select ( ) QSELECT ()


Quick Select ( ) (. 3.20),
( , , . .)
( ). (
) .

SjQmtk Select
Apply to:

" 3 ".

Object type: j Circle


Properties:

SfiSKSR
Layer
Linetype
Linetype scale
Plot style
Uneweight
Hyperlink
Thickness
Material
Center X
Center Y
Center Z

Operator
Yakje;

"*"

| = Equals
ByLayer

How to apply: ;
** [ncrude in new selection set
I

C Exclude Irom new selection set


" Append to current selection set

OK

Cancel

Help

. 3.20. Quick Select

Quick Select ( )
, = Equals (= ),
Not Equal ( ), > Greater than (> ), < Less than (< ), Select
( ).
Operator (). , :

Apply to () , (Entire drawing


( ) Current selection ( ));

Object type ( ) (Line (),


Polyline () . .) ; Multiple (
) , ;

Properties () ,
(Color (), Layer (), Linetype (
), Linetype scale ( ), Plot style ( ), Lineweight

166

( ), Hyperlink ()); -
,
(Area (), Closed (), Thickness (), Global widti
( ) . .); 4;

Value () , ;
(, Color
() ).

How to apply ( ) Include in


new selection set ( ) Exclude from new selection set (
)
, .
, Append
to current selection set ( ).
Find () (. . 3.19)
FIND () Find and Replace (
), (, , )
, . .

Windows, ,
(, AutoCAD
). Cut ()
CUTCLIP () () "
. (), COPYCLIP
() , .
with Base Point ( )
COPYCLIP (), (
). Paste ()
PASTECLIP () .
Paste as Block ( ) , "
. Paste to Original Coordinates (
)
, , ,
( 9).
7.
Tools () Options (),
AutoCAD.
OPTIONS () Options (
) ,
, ,
. OPTIONS () 12,
, Options (),
, Selection () (. 3.21).

167

giOpt.ons
"Currentprofile:

Unnamed Profile

" ^ Current drawing:

Dtawingl.dwg

Files j Display j Open and Save] Plot and Publish | System) User Preferences | Drafting) 3D M o d e l i n g ' [ ^ ^ Profiles
rPjckboxSize :

GripSge

"J"
r S election Pieview
' f > v? when a command \% active
i

W ^rfhen no command is active

Grips
IJ/iselected grip color

zl

(Color 160
Selected grip jolor:

Visual Effect Settings..

Selection Modes
j
j P Houn/vefb selection
j " Use 5hj(t to add to selection

jd

Hover grip color:


Green

_^j

f ? Enable grips
f~ Enable grips within blocks

| " Press and


P/ Implied windowing

| 7 Enable grip jips


jlOO

P fibject grouping

(Red

Object selection limit for display of grips

Associative Hatch

OH

Cancel

Help

. 3.21. Options, Selection

Pickbox Size ( ) Grip Size ( )


, , ,
, .
Grips () . -,
, Enable grips (
). -,
: Unselected grip color ( ), Selected grip
color ( ) Hover grip color ( ).
,
( ).

, , , . .
,
. ,
. . . ,
(, Quick
Select ( ) (. . 3.20)).

168

3.1.3.
2 :
, . i
Command: (:),
SELECT (), ,
. SELEC"
()
( <Enter>):
Select objects:
( :)
.
, "?" (, , ;
<Enter>). :
Expects a point or
Wiitdow/Last/Crossing/BOX/ALL/Fence/WPolygon/CPolygon/Group/Add/Remove/
Multiple/Previous/Undo/A Uto/Single
Select objects:
(
//////-/-//
//////
:)
.
()
- , .
,
:
Specify opposite corner:
( :)
, , .
( , ),
, ( ,
, , )
.
(. 3.22),
(. 3.23).
Visual Effect Settings ( ) Selection
Preview ( ) Options
() (. . 3.21) ,

.

169

. 3.22.

. 3.23.

:
Window () , ,
, ;

Last ()
;
Crossing () , ,
, ;

BOX () ,
;

ALL () (
. 4);

170

Fence () () ,
;

WPolygon (-)
, , ;

CPolygon (-) ,
;

Group () ( ,
GROUP ());

Add () (
);
Remove () (
);

Multiple () ,
;

Previous () ,
AutoCAD ;

Undo ()
;

AUto () .
, .
, ,
BOX ();

Single ()
. .

AUto () Add () .

3.1.4.

, ,

. GROUP (),
.
GROUP () Object Grouping (
) (. 3.24).

( . 3.24 ). : Group Name (
) Selectable (). (
31 , ,
$, - () _ (); ),
, : Yes () No
(). .

171

Object Grouping
GrouflName

Selectable

r Group Identification-
jQtoupName:

KPO

! Eescrlption::
find Name <

HiaNigW <

" Include Unnamed

Selectable

" Unnamed

Create Group
\

New <

Change Group
I

Remove <

Add<

escription
OK

Rename
xplode
Cancel

Selectable
Help

. 3.24. Object Grouping

,
AutoCAD ,
.
, Object Grouping ( ),
. , Group
Identification ( ) Group Name (
) Description (). Create Group
( ) Selectable ()
New (). AutoCAD
Object Grouping ( ) ,
.
<Enter>.
,
.
. New
() Unnamed ( ) Create
Group ( ). ,
(*1, *2, * . .).
Group Name ( ) ,
Group Identification ( ) Include
Unnamed ( ).
Group Identification ( )
. Find Name ( )
, .
Object Grouping ( ) :

172

Pick a member of group:


( :)
, Group Member List (
), ,
.
Highlight () Object Grouping (
) (. . 3.24) , ,
.
Change Group ( ) ,
- .
:

Remove () ;

Add () ;

Rename ()
Group Name ( ) Group Identification ( );

Re-Order () ;

Description ()
Description () Group Identification (
);

Explode () ( ,
, );

Selectable () .

Re-Order () Order Group (


),
.

.
(,
).
, SELECT ()
, Group ()
.

3.2.
(, ,
. .) Modify () (. 3.25)
2D Drawing control panel ( 2 )
(. . 2.5).

173

%& 8 D' J , - -/ --

Att.:..'VQ,

. 3.25. Modify

, ,
, Modify ().

, Select objects (
).
.
-^L; , ERASE (),
.
, AutoCAD,
- Standard (),
U () UNDO ().
[11
( , ), .
"V Standard ()
, ,
. MREDO
().
<| COPY ()
, .
, .
<Enter>,
.
,
:
Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacemenl>:
( [] <>:)
. ,
(, ). ,
,
,
X
, Y . :
Specify second point or <use first point as displacement:
( < >:)

174

. ,
(. 3.26).

. 3.26.

, , :
Specify second point or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>:
( [/] <>.)
,
, , .
. Exit ()
<Enter>, . Undo ()
.

Displacement (), (
):
Specify displacement <0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000>:
( <0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000>:)
( ) ,
. ,
,20, 100 ,
Y20 .
COPY () ,
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as
displacement: ( <
>:) <Enter> ,
.
MIRROR ()
, .

175

AutoCAD :
Specifyfirstpoint of mirror line:
( :)
, , ,
():
Specify second point of mirror line:
( :)
(. 3.27).

. 3.27.

, (
):
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>:
( ? [/] <>.)
-, N ()
<Enter>. Y (). MIRROR ()
.

, ,
, MIRRTEXT
( 1). ,
. . 12.

; Draw ()
OFFSET ().
Modify | Offset ( | ).

176


(, , , , , , ).
,
. ,
.
: ()
. :
Current settings: Erase source=No Layer=Source OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
Specify offset-distance or [Througlt/Erase/Layer] <1.0000>:
( : = =
OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
[//] <1.0000>:)

OFFSET (), ,
Through (). ,
, ,
(AutoCAD
). :
Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>:
( [/] <>:)
, .
AutoCAD ,
:
Specify point on side to offset or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>:
( , ,
(//] <>.)
,
, ( . 3.28
, ).

. Exit ()
<Enter>.
Multiple (), ,
.
. . 3.29
,
.
. 3.29 .
Undo ()
.

177

. 3.28.

. 3.29.

OFFSET () Specify
offset distance or [Through]: ( []:)
Through (), AutoCAD :
Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exif>::
( [/] <>:)
:
Specify through point or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exif>:
( , ,
[//] <>:)
, ,
. .
Multiple (),
( Multiple () ,

178

<Enter>
). AutoCAD
, . Exit ()
, Undo ()
.
Multiple ()
. Through (
) <Enter> Exit ().
ARRAY ()
,
. , ,
Modify () Array ().
Array (),
.
: Rectangular Array ( ) Polar Array
( ), (. 3.30).

<" .fiectangulai Array

" 1

irrei
Select objects

1 objects selected
3 Hojas: ; J4

. jj Cfitumns:

Offset distance and direction


Row offset;

%i
Coiuffin offset
.Angle of array:
(1 j
\j'
T|

By default, if the row off set is negative.


r o w are added downward lithe
column offset is negative, columns are
added to the left.

OK
Cancel
Preview <

. 3.30. Array

. 3.30 Array ()
. ARRAY ()
, Rows (),
Columns (), Row offset ( ), Column offset ( )
Angle of array ( )
, (
X). -

179

( ), , ,
.
, .
,
. -4 ,
,
, .
UJ;, ( ).
, X
Y.
.
Preview (), ,
ARRAY
(), . . 3.31 Array ()
(
). ,
. Accept (), Modify (
) .

^PPHXI
Accept'

']

Modify

Cancel

WMZ3

EH

. 3.31.
ARRAY

,
Polar Array ( ). . 3.32
Array () .
( Center point ())
Method ( ) :
Total number of items & Angle to fill ( ), Total
number & Angle between items ( )
Angle to fill & Angle between items ( ).

180

,
: Total number of items ( ), Angle to fill (
) Angle between items ( ).
, .

| | Select objects

(" Array

Fjectangular Array

1 objects selected
Center p o i n t ; X : jl76

Y: JTTs

3.1

Method and values


Method:
j Total number or items & Angle to fill
Total number of items:
Angle to fill:.

: Hf"

360

4!

Angle between items:


I
j
i

(j)
gf
-..

For angle to fir!, a positive value specifies


counterclockwise rotation. A negative value
specifies clockwise rotation.

OK
Cancel

Preview <
P. Rojate items as copied

Less

Help

Object base point^" Set to object's default


Base point:

X; |0

. 3.32. Array

Rotate items as copied (


),
. Object base point ( )
Set to object's default ( ), ,
,
(
, ).
, Base point ( ) .
Less (), ,
Object base point ( ),
( More ()).
. 3.33 ARRAY ()
.
MOVE (),
, . -

181

Modify | Move ( | ).
COPY
(). MOVE ()
.

4>.

. 3.33.

:
Specify base point or [Displacement/ <Displacemenf>:
( [] <>:)
. :
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement:
( < >:)
(. 3.34).
<Enter>,
.
\J ROTATE () .
Modify () Rotate ().
:
Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDlR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0
( : ANGDIR=npomue / ANGBASE=0)
:
Specify base point:
( :)
, .

;(

182

. 3.34.

:
Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference] <0>:
( [/ ]:)
(. 3.35).

. 3.35.

(), ,
.
Reference (
). ,

183

(. 3.36) 1 ,
, 1 2, .
,
.

L2
.+''''

.
1
. 3.36.

ROTATE (). Select objects: (


:)
<Enter>. Specify base point: ( :)
1. Specify rotation
angle or [Copy/Reference]: ( [/ ]:)
Reference ( ). :
Specify the reference angle <0>:
( <0>.)
. 1 (
) Specify the second point: ( .)
2. . AutoCAD
:
Specify the new angle or [Points] <0>:
( []:)
.
. .
: ( , ,
) Points (),
, , .
, SCALE (),
.
Modify () Scale ().
. 3.37 ,
.

184

. 3.37.

SCALE () :
Specify base point:
( :)
(, ). :
Specify scale factor or [Copy/Reference] <1.0000>:
( [/ ] <1.0000>:)
1,
1. :
, ( )
. ()
, (
).
(, 3/7),
Reference ( ).
AutoCAD :
Specify reference length </>:
( <!>:)
7.
Specify new length or [Points] <1.0000>:
( [] <1.0000>:)
3, (
).
: ,
, , ?
.
Points (), .

185

STRETCH (),
Modify (),
. Modify ()
Stretch ().
( ,
, , ),
, .
, :
Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon...
Select objects:
(
...
.)
. 3.38 .

. 3.38.

, ,
( !)
( , ,
. 3.1). <Enter> (
).
:
Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>:
( [] <>:)
.
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement:
( < >:)
(. 3.39).

186

gl

. 3.39. STRETCH

, ,
,
. , ,
.
LENGTHEN (), Lengthen (
) Modify (), , ,
(
).
:
Select an object or [DElta/Percent/Total/DYnamic]:
( [///]:)
, AutoCAD ,
( , ,
). :
I

DElta () ();
Percent () ;
Total ()
;

DYnamic () , . .
, }
.

DElta () AutoCAD :
Enter delta length or [Angle] <0.0000>:
( [] <0.0000>.)

187

(
),
AutoCAD :
Select an object to change or [Undo]:
( []':)
Undo ()
. ,
( , ),
, .
,
<Enter>.
Angle (),
(
):
Enter delta angle:
( :)
( )
.
LENGTHEN ().
. 3.40
DYnamic (). " "
. ( ) .
AutoCAD ,
.

\
. 3.40. DYnamic LENGTHEN

TRIM (),

() ()
() . Modify
() Trim ().
-

188

:
Current settings: Projection = UCS, Edge = None
Select cutting edges...
Select objects or <select alt>:
(: = TICK, =
...
< >:)
,
.
. 3.41,
, .

1
. 3.41.

.
" " (
, <Enter>). ! <Enter>.
:
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/UndoJ:
( (+Shift)
[ '//'/']:)
, ,!
( ),
, . . 3.41
,
.

( Undo ()). Fence ( )

, a Crossing () .

189

Project () AutoCAD :
Enter a projection option [None/Ucs/View] <Ucs>:
( [//] <>:)
,
, ,
( Ucs ()),
( View ()).
. None ()
(. .
).
Edge () :
Enter an implied edge extension mode [Extend/No extend] <No extend>:
( [ /
] < >:)
, .
Extend ( )
, . No extend
( ) .
,
. ,
,
.
TRIM ().
. ,
, , .
eRase (), ,
TRIM () (
) (, ).
TRIM ()
EXTEND (), . ,
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]: ( (+Shift
) [ ////
/]:)
<Shift> , , .
, .
EXTEND (),
" ", ,
. Modify ()
Extend ().
, . . .

;(

190

(
TRIM ()) ,
:
Current settings: Projection = UCS, Edge = None
Select boundary edges...
Select objects or <select all>:
( : = , =
...
< >:)
, , :
<Enter>. :
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or
[Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]:
( (+Shift )
[ //// /]:)
, ,
,
. . 3.42
, ,
.

. 3.42.

, AutoCAD 6?i
:
No edge in that direction.
( .)
EXTEND ()
TRIM (),
<Shift>, , EXTEND (), ,
.

191

BREAK ()
. Modify ()
Break (). ,
Modify () .

BREAK () .
.
:

Select object:
( .)
, , ,
. :
Specify second breakpoint or /First point/:
( [ ]:)
. ,
. 3.43 ( , ;
).

. 3.43.

, (
,
).
First point (
), ( ):
Specify first break point:
( :)
.
Specify second breakpoint:
( .)

192

, .
@, ,
. , ,
( ).

Modify ()
BREAK () , ,
*** Modify (),
Modify | Join ( | ) JOIN ( ), BREAK ( i.
JOIN () , , )
, .
:

,
;

,
;

,
;

JOIN ()
(. 3.44).

. 3.44.

JOIN ()
.
.

193

:
Select source object:
( :)
. :
Select elliptical arcs to join to source or fcLoseJ:
( , ,
[]:)
cLose ()
.
| | | CHAMFER (),
(, , )
( ),
, . , ,
Modify () Chamfer ().
, ,
( ).
CHAMFER () ,
:
(TRIMmode) Current chamfer Distl = 0.0000, Dist2 = 0.0000
Select first line or [Undo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/MultipleJ:
(( ) : ! = 0.0000, 2 = 0.0000
[//////
]:)
,
.
. Distance (),
:
Specify first chamfer distance <0.0000>:
( <0.0000>.)
, 75 . :
Specify second chamfer distance <75.0000>:
( <75.0000>.)
, 75 .
, AutoCAD, :
Select first line or fUndo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/MulnpleJ:
( [//////
]:)
7 . 326

194

. AutoCAD :
Select second line or shift-select to apply corner:
( Shift ,
.)
. . 3.45 :
, .
,
<Shift> ,
, .

. 3.45.

Multiple (),
CHAMFER () ,
.
Undo () .
Trim () :
Enter Trim mode option [Trim/No trim] <Trim>:
( [ / ] < >:)
. Trim
( ). No trim ( )
, , , ,
, (, ,
. 3.46).
FILLET ().
CHAMFER () mEthod ().
:
Enter trim method [Distance/Angle] <Distance>:
( [/] <>:)
.
Distance (), , . -

195

Angle (), ,
.
AutoCAD CHAMFERA,
CHAMFERB ( Distance ()) CHAMFERC, CHAMFERD ( Angle
()).
CHAMFER () ( . 12).
CHAMFER ()
Distance () Angle ().

. 3.46.


,
.
,
( ).
Polyline ().
. . 3.46
( No trim ( )).
FILLET () (, ,
) . Modify () Fillet ()
Modify (). CHAMFER (
).
, ,
:
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.0000
Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple/:
( : = , = 0.0000
[////]:)
Radius ()
:
Specify fillet radius <0.0000>:
( <0.0000>:)

196

.?

Select first object or


[Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiplej: ( [>
////]:).
, . :
Select second object or shift-select to apply comer:
( Shift ,
:)
, AutoCAD
, , .
. 3.47 ( ,
).
, ,
.

. 3.47.

Multiple ()
.
Trim () (
CHAMFER ()). No trim ( i,
( ),
. Trin
( ),
.
Polyline ()
.
# Modify (),
EXPLODE (), .
, , ,
.

3.3.

PED1T (), jjjjf,
Modify II (-2) (. 3.48), Modifj |

197

Object | Polyline ( | | ).
2 .
Modify I I

fff ; & % ^
. 3.48. Modify II

PEDIT ().
Select polyline or [Multiple/: ( [
]:) AutoCAD :
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]:
(
[//////
//]':)
:

Close () () ;
, Open ();

Join () ;

Width ()
;

Edit vertex ()
( , , ,
. .);
,

Fit () ;

Spline () ,
;

Decurve ( ) , Fit
() Spline ();

Ltype gen () (
);

Undo () ,
PEDIT ().

, <Enter> ( )
PED1T ().
Close () , ,
.
, .
, ,
. . 3.49

198

, :
, . 1 2 ,
Close ().
.

. 3.49.

Open () :
.
Join ()
, ,
. ,
:
.
Width ()
, .
, , .
Fit () ,
. . 3.50
( ) (
). , , (. Decurve ( )).

. 3.50. Fit

199

. 3.51 , Spline
(). ,
.

. 3.51. Spline

Decurve ( ) ,
Fit () Spline ().
.
, .
. 3.1,
LIST () : LWPOLYLINE
POLYLINE .
,
Fit () Spline ().
, AutoCAD, .

.
Ltype gen () ,
( AutoCAD CONTINUOUS).
:
Enter polyline linetype generation option [ON/OFF] <OFF>:
( [/] <>:)
(
, ). . 3.52
DASHED () Ltype gen=OFF (=),
. 3.53 Ltype gen=ON (=).
. 3.52 Ltype gen=OFF (=), ,
, .
( , )
, ,
. Ltype gen=ON (=), . 3.53,
, , -

200

;i

, .
, .

. 3.52. Ltype gen=OFF

. 3.53. Ltype gen=ON

Edit vertex (),


, ,
, ,
. AutoCAD :
Enter a vertex editing option
[Next/Previous/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/Tangent/Width/eXit] <N>:
(
[////////
/] <>:)
(. 3.54), "
,
. ,
.
:

Next () ;

Previous () ;

Break () , ;

Insert () ;

201

. 3.54.

Move () ;

Regen () ()
;

Straighten () ,
( );

Tangent ()
Fit ();

Width () ,
;

eXit () :
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]:
( [//////
//]':).

Next () Previous ()
, , .
Break () .
, :
Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit/ <N>:
( [///] <>:)
(
, ),
Go ().
, .

202

, ,
(
), Break ()
Next () Previous () ,
, Go ().
,
eXit ().
. 3.55 ,
, .

. 3.55.

Insert
(). , ,
.
Insert (). AutoCAD :
Specify location for new vertex:
( :)
, . . 3.56
,
, .

. 3.56.

.
Move () ,
. :
Specify new location for marked vertex:
( :)

203

(. 3.57).
.

. 3.57.

Regen () , PEDIT (),


() .
- ,
Straighten (). , ,
Break (): Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit] <N>: (
[///] <>:).
, , ,
Next () Previous (). Go
() . . 3.58
, ,
.

. 3.58.

Tangent ()
Fit (),
, .
Tangent () :
Specify direction of vertex tangent:
( :)
.
(.
. 3.59). ,

204

AutoCAD
Fit (). . 3.59
,
.
, .

. 3.59.

Width () ,
. :
Specify starting width for next segment:
( :)
( ).
, AutoCAD ,
(
,
). :
Specify ending width for next segment <0.0000>:
( <0.0000>.)
,
( 0.0000).
.
eXit ()
Enter an option [Next/Previous/Go/eXit/ <N>: ( [//
/] <>:).
Multiple ()

, (,
). ,
Edit vertex ().

205

3.4.
,
MLEDIT (), Modify |
Object | Multiline ( | | ).
, ,
2. STANDARD,
. (
, ) . 5.
MLEDIT () Multilines Edit Tools (
) (. 3.60).
(
).
Multilines Edit Tools
use a tool, dick on the icoa Object selection must be performed after
the tool has been selected.
Multilines Edit Tools
" ;1~~1

I
J.
Closed Tee

Comei Joint

Cut Single

jnrj

Hi;

ill 111-A

Open Tee

CutAB

Add Vertex

,aa
MeroedDoss

no
MergedTee

!\\

IJJJJJ;.

Delete Vertex
Weld AH

Help

Close

. 3.60. Multilines Edit Tools

12 .
,
,
( )
. ,
( ).
.
.

206

Closed Cross ( ) fe~=. :


Select first mline:
( :)
,
, () (
).
. :
Select second mline:
( :)
, .

(. 3.61).

. 3.61. Closed Cross

:
Select first mline or [Undo]:
( []:)

<Enter> . Undo ()

.
Open Cross ( ) ( ) ,

.
Merged Cross ( ) (
) ,

.
Closed Tee ( ) (

), Open Tee ( ) (

=jf=) Merged Tee ( ) ( = )

207

() .
.
Corner Joint ( ) (

)
, .

Add Vertex ( ) ( *)|)


.
( ).
,
.
, , (. 3.62).

. 3.62.

Delete Vertex ( ) ( * |)
, .

. AutoCAD .
Cut Single ( ) (
) ,
. BREAK (), ,
, .
AutoCAD .
!) ,
Cut All ( ) (
. , ,
, AutoCAD .
Weld All ( )
( (!'*!|).
.

3.5.
Text () (
. 2.59).

208


Text ()
Modify | Object | Text | Edit ( | | |
). DDEDFT (). ,
(
).

DDEDIT () ,
, .
. 3.7, 7.

:
Select an annotation object or [Undo]:
( - []':)
,
(. 3.63).

. 3.63.

, ,
, <Enter>. (,
, . .) 1.
(. 3.64),
Insert Field ( ) (
. . 2.13).
(. 2).
, ,
Field ()
.
DDEDIT ()
( ), ,
,
(. 2).

Text () FIND (),



.

PROPERTIES (), 4.

209

;='.'Undo

Ctri+2

,., Redo

CW+Y

Cut
:

OrkX

Copy

Ctrl+C

Paste

Ctrf+V

..'/ Opaque Backgiounc


Insert Field

Ctil+F

Find end Replace...

CW+R

.Select All

Dil+A

Change Case
;'.Help

UPPERCASE ' +SHft+U

F1

lowercase

CW+Shift+L

Cancel

. 3.64.

}&_ STYLE (), ,


5.
SCALETEXT (),
.
Modify | Object | Text | Scale ( | | | ).
.
( ,
7). .
<Enter>. :
Enter a base point option for scaling
[Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]
<Existing>:
(
[/////
////////] <>:)
, ,
.
(. 2). , , ,
(, ),
(, ).
Existing () ,
, .
:
Specify new height or [Match object/Scale factor] <15>:
( [ /] <15>:)

210

,
. Match object ( ) (),
:
Select a text object with the desired height:
( :)
Scale factor ()
:
Specify scale factor or [Reference] <2>:
( [ ] <2>:)
Reference ( ) ,
SCALE () (. . 3.2).
SCALETEXT ()
, (
, , ).
JUSTIFYTEXT (), , , (,
, ,
Fit ()).
Modify | Object | Text | Justify ( | | | ).
(
), .
: Select objects:
( :). :
Enter a justification option
[Left/Align/Fit/CenterMiddte/Right/TL/TC/TRML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BRj<Left>:
( [/////
/////////] <>.)
,
. . ,
. . 3.65 :
, .

I.

. 3.65.

2 Text () SPACETRANS
(),
.

211

,
AutoCAD CHANGE (), .
.
: Select objects: ( :).

<Enter>. :
Specify change point or [Properties]:
( []':)
Properties () (
4). ,
.
. <Enter>,
:
Specify new text insertion point <no change>:
( < >:)
<Enter>, .
:
Enter new text style <Standard>:
( <Standard>:)
(
Standard). 5.
, <Enter>.
, ( ):
Specify new height <33.5000>:
( <33.5000>.)
( 33,5).
, (
). ,
<Enter>. :
Specify new rotation angle <30>:
( <30>:)

( 30). <Enter>. :
Enter new text <...>:
( <...>:)
.
,

212

<Enter>. AutoCAD
.
CHANGE ()
.
,
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB),
4.
SPELL (),
Tools | Spelling ( | ). ,
.

3.6.
AutoCAD
:

TABLED1T ().
( . ).
:
Pick a table cell:
( :)
,
. ,
, Text Formatting
( ) (. 3.66), .

TABLEDIT () .

. .
(. 3.67),
, . 2.77.
.
, (. 3.68).

213

iText Foimatting
(Standard

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- . ' - ;

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SK-12

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PWQ-0

SK-4

SK-12
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FFL

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. 3.66.

..".Undo"'Redo

+ 2

CW+X

Cut
Copy
Paste

< . 3.67.

;::.

CM+Y

CtrkC
'

Ctrt+V

Learn about MT EXT


> Show Toolbar
v Show Options
Insert Field..
Symbol
...'.'. Import Text...:
Justification
Find and Replace...

CttkF

CWfl

Ctrl+A
Select AH
Change Case
AutoCAPS
Remove Formattirg Ctrl+Space
Combine Paragraphs

VvCancel ' : .

PWO-0

FFL
FFL
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Character Set
Help

Fl

FFL

PWQ-0

FFL

PWQ-0

. 3.68.

.
(. 3.69).
, .
( ),
<Shift> .
. 3.69 (
):

Cut () ;

() ;

214

3
Cut
Copy
Paste
Recent Input

Cell Alignment

Cell Borders...
Format...
Match Cell
Insert Block...
Insert Field,,,

Insert Formula
Edit Cell Text
Insert Columns

>

Delete Columns.'..-',.
Size Columns Equally

Insert Rows
,.: Delete Rows
5ize Rows; Equally
.

Remove All Property Overrides


Delete Cell Contents

Merge Cells
Jnm'erge Cells
S*jj ^roperciej

'.

. 3.69.

Paste () ;

Recent Input ( ) ,
;

Cell Alignment ()
(9 , Top Left ( ) Bottom Right ( ));

Cell Borders ( )
;

Format1 () ;

Match Cell ( )
;

Insert Block ( )
( . 7);

Insert Field ( ) ;

' .

215

Insert Formula ( ) ;

Edit Cell Text ( ) (.


. 3.66);

Insert Columns ( ) (Right)


(Left) ;

Delete Columns ( ) ,
;

Size Columns Equally ( )


, ;

Insert Rows ( ) (Above)


(Below) ;

Delete Rows ( ) ,
;

Size Rows Equally ( ) ,


;

Remove All Property Overrides ( )


;

Delete Cell Contents ( ) ;

Merge Cells ( ) ()
, (By Row) (By Column) (
);

Unmerge Cells ( ) ;

Properties () PROPERTIES ()
( 4).

. Cell Borders ( )
Cell Border Properties ( ) (. 3.70).

(Lineweight) (Color) ( .
4). ,
:

, ;

|-'-] ;
(. . ).

Insert Block ( )
, ( . 7).

;t

216
Cell Border Properties
Border Properties

-Apply to

Lineweight:
ByBlock

M Miil -

Colon

Press the Border Type buttons or


dick'on the preview to apply the
. selected griclline properties

OK

Text

Text

Text

Text

Cancel

Help

. 3.70. Cell Border Properties

Insert Formula ( )
:

Sum ();

Average ();

Count (-);
Cell ();
Equation ().
,
.
. ()
(,
).
. :,
.
(, 4).
, : D2: F6.
( ,
), ,
. ,
. 3.71.

, . (Size Columns
Equally ( ), Size Rows Equally ( ),
Remove All Property Overrides ( ))
. Export () -

217

CSV-,
.
Repeat'.

Recent Input
Cut

CTRl+X

CTRl+C

Copy with Base Point

&

CTRL+SHIFT+C

Easts ,
Paste as Blocfe

CTRL+V
CTRl+SHIFT+V

Paste to Original Coordinates


.(jC.

Erase

..$

Move
Copy. Selection
Scale

Rgtate
Draw. Order

Size Columns Equally


Size Rows Equally
Remove All Property Overrides
Export...
Table Indicator Color...
Update Table
Deselect All
Quick Select...

QuickCelt

End..;

Properties

. 3.71.

Table Indicator Color ( )


,
. Update Table (
) (,
).

3.7.
Dimension (), 2,
,
. Dimension
().

218

DIMEDIT (), Dimension


(), ,
. ( )
Oblique () Dimension ().
:
Enter type of dimension editing [Home/New/Rotate/Oblique] <Home>:
( [///]
<>:)
. New ()
(. 3.72).
DDED1T ().

.Jstandad

~3]25

J]ji^
:

3i : ' ' J i : S .' .=

!=*;.'; Q

'

' jid:

' OK: j &.:.:.

i A A u ' ~ <& "(J/fo.OOOO r U i",,i,|1 0000 - H ' i . j l OOOO - j - f

40,63

1
. 3.72.

0 , ,
, .
,
( ).
Rotate ()
. :
Specify angle for dimension text:
( :)
Select objects: (
:), (
). <Enter> .
() , Rotate ().
Oblique () ( Oblique ()
Dimension ())
, ,
:

219

Enter oblique angle (press ENTER for none):


( ( ENTER, ):)
. . 3.73
60.

. 3.73.

DIMTEDIT (), ^

Dimension () Align Text ( )


Dimension (),
.
,
:
Specify new location for dimension text or [Left/Riglit/Center/Home/AngleJ:
( [////]:)
, ,
.
.
. 3.74 .

40, 63

. 3.74.

Left (), Right (), Center ()


, . Angle ()
.
()
.
DIMSTYLE () .;
Dimension (), Styles (). -

220

Dimension Style ( ) Dimension (


) Dimension Style ( ) Format ( .
. , .
. 5.
j ^
, .
Dimension Style Manager ( )
(. 3.75), DIMSTYLE (), \
.
Dimension Style Manager
Current D'rmslyle: ISO-25
Styles: '

Preview of: ISO-25


Set Current

14,11

New...
Modify..
Qverride..
Compare...

list:.
jAII styles

P
Close

Help

. 3.75. Dimension Style Manager

- ,
, ! , . Dimension Style Manager (
) Override ().
Override Current Style ( ,
: Lines (), Symbols and Arrows ( ),
Text (), Fit (), Primary Units ( ), Alternate Units
( ) Tolerances ().
(
) . Fit ()
(. 3.76) Scale for dimension features (
).
Use overall scale of ( ),
(l). 2 vi

221

Override Current Style: ISO-25

Lines ] Symbols and Arrows] Text

[Fit

r"t options ~ ~

jjPrifnaryUnits] Alternate Units] Tolerances}


-

14,11

If there isn't enough room to place both text and


! tows inside extension lines, the first thing to
i move outside the extension lines is:
1 ^

Either text or arrows (best fit)

! <~ Arrows
'ivT'j.f *::,'
:'] f

Both text and arrows

K'i ^

Always keep text between ext lines


- Scale for dimension features

j " Suppress arrows if they don't fit inside


i
extension lines

( Use overall scale of:

r Text placement

Scale dimensions to layout

; j When text is not in the default position, place it

Finejuning

;;! (* Reside the dimension Hne


j f

Over dimension line, with Jeader

i Over dimension line, without leader

" lace text manually


f? Draw dim line between ext lines

OK

Cancel

Help

. 3.76. Override Current Style, Fit

: , , ,
, ,
. .
Dimension Style Manager ( ),
(. 3.77).
Styles () ISO-25
<style overrides> (<>).

. 3.75. Description ()
: ISO-25 + Overall scale = 2.0000.
Close (), .
DIMSCALE 2. ,
, (, , .)
, .

? . Dimension ()
4 , Dimension () Update ().
.
, -

222

( DIMSCALE
).

. 3.77. Dimension Style Manager

,
(. 3.78).
Repeat
Rttcent Input

Dim Te&t position

Ptedslon

; Pjm Style

Flip Arrow
i*6 Cut

CTRL+X"

. 3.78. ( )

,
:

Dim Text position ( )


:

Above dim line ( );

Centered ( );

Home text ();

Move text alone ( );

223

Move with leader ( );

Move with dim line ( );

Precision ()
(: 0, 0.0, 0.00, 0.000, 0.0000, 0.00000 0.000000);

Dim Style ( ) ;

Flip Arrow ( )
.

,
. . 3.79
Flip Arrow ( ) (
).

40,63
. 3.79.

. ,
,
.
.

3.8.
Modify II (-2) (.
. 3.48) _, HATCHEDIT ().
Modify | Object | Hatch
( | | ).
:
Select associative hatch object:
( :)
SOLID,
Hatch Edit ( ),
Hatch () (. 3.80). ,
Gradient ().
Hatch and Gradient ( )
(. 2). ,
, .
AutoCAD .
.

224

Boundaries- -

Hatch J Gradient]
Type and pattern-Tips:

; -

31

Add: Pick points

-l

Add: Select objects

Pattern:
;y | Remove boundaries
Swatch:
$$" I Recreate boundary
Angle and scale
Ancjle:

Scale:

~H

Options

~B

!? Associative

! " Separate batches


i Dra$a ordef:

~n
Hatch origin

di

\ | Do not change

j*J

Inherit Properties

* Use curren] origin


* Specified origin
^ j Click to set new origin
" Default to boundary extents

" Store as default origi

Preview

OK

Cancel

Help

. 3.80. Hatch Edit

Hatch Edit ( )
(). > .
.

3.9.
SPLINEDIT (),
[g^| Modify II (-2) Modify | Object | Spline ( j | ).
:
Select spline:
( :)

225

. , Spline
() PEDIT (). POLYLINE
SPLINE. AutoCAD
:
Enter an option [Fit data/Close/Move vertex/Refine/rEverse/UnUoJ:
(
[/////]:)
AutoCAD ,
, ,
, (. 3.81). (..
, , )
.

. 3.81.

Fit data () (
, );

Close () ;

Move vertex () (
);

Refine () ;

rEverse () (
);

Undo () .

, <Enter> .
, Close () Open (
). Fit data ()
(. 3.82) .
8 . 326

226

.?

. 3.82.

:
Enter a fit data option [AdaVClose/Delete/Move/Purge/Tangents/toLerance/eXit] <eXif>:
( [/////
//] <>:)
:

Add () ;

Close () ;

Delete () '"
;

Move () ;

Purge () ,
;

Tangents ()
;

toLerance () ,
;

eXit () .

Add () "
:
Specify control point <exit>:
( <>:)
, .
AutoCAD , ,
(. 3.83). .

227

. 3.83. ,

:
Specify new point <exit>:
( <>:)

<Enter> . ,
(. 3.84).

. 3.84.

( ), . .
. <Enter>
.
, ,
, (
). , AutoCAD
:
Specify new point or [After/Before] <exit>:
( [/] <>:)

228

Before ()
.
Close ()
Open ().
Delete () .
:
Specify control point <exit>:
( <>:)
,
.
Move ()
. AutoCAD :
Specify new location or [Next/Previous/Selectpoint/eXit] <N>:
( [// /] <>:)
.
,
() .
Purge () .
(
).
Tangents ()
. :
Specify start tangent or [System default]:
( [ ]:)
, ,
<Enter> . :
Specify end tangent or [System default]:
( [ ]:)
. AutoCAD ;'
. ,
Tangents () .
toLerance () ,
. .
.
. :
Enter fit tolerance <1.0000E-10>:
( <1.0000-10>.)

229

.
<Enter>.
eXit () .
Enter an option [Fit Data
/Close/Move vertex/Refine/rEverse/Undo]: ( [/
/////]:).
Fit Data () Close ().
, .
Move vertex ()
. :
Specify new location or [Next/Previous/Select point/eXit] <N>:
( [// /] <>:)
AutoCAD .
, (
) .
() Refine ()
. :
Enter a refine option [Add control point/Elevate order/Weight/eXit] <eXit>:
( [ / / /]
<>.)
Add control point ( )
, ,
. :
Specify a point on the spline <exif>:
( <>.)
AutoCAD
.
Elevate order ( )
. :
Enter new order <4>:
( <4>:)
, .
26.
Weight () () .
Enter new weight (current = 1.0000) or [Next/Previous/Select point/eXit] <N>:
( ( = 1.0000) [//
/] <>:)

230

, ,
. .
eXit () Refine ().
rEverse ()
.
Undo () .

3.10.
: ,
.
Solid Editing ( ) (. 3.85),
(. 9).
3D Make (3M ) .
Solid Editing

:;'] SitflpviJ@)"LV \

. 3.8S. Solid Editing

. 3.86 (
, ).
AutoCAD UNION ()
Solid Editing (

: >

).

. 3.86.

, .
. (
, ).

231

. 3.87.

. 3.87 .
. (
).
. AutoCAD SUBTRACT
() \\ Solid
Editing ( ).
. 3.88 .
INTERSECT ()
Solid Editing ( ).

. 3.88.

,
( ). EXPLODE ()
(, , , ,
).

3.11. 3
1. :

1:2. ,
1:2 3:2.

232

.3

2. :

50><50.

100 X 100 .


,
600 300 ,

,
.

3. :

500 400 .
.

(, .) 1 .
. ,
.

, . ,
.

(,
). , .

, .
, , , , 1,
, , AutoCAD
. ,
, (, ).
, , ,
LIST ().
, ,
Properties (). . 4.1.
^523S2]^J
ByLayei

'

ByLayei

; _ ;

ByLayet

-;''

'

; ;

3 1****<

i ' '?.-'.

. 4.1. Properties

( ):

Color Control ();

Linetype Control ( );

Lineweight Control ( );

Plot Style Control ( ).

, ,
,
. Plot Style Control ( )
, ByColor
(). ,
( . ).

234

, , Layers
() (. 4.2) Layers II1 (-2) (. 4.3).

.J jr-*

./"%

Layers II

%^;^|'4 : '!^ '&;% V

. 4.2. Layers

. 4.3. Layers II

Layers () ,
. 4.3. , ,
. Layers
(-2) Express Tools
.
Format () (. 4.4)
.
Format

Tools

Draw

Dimension

At

S g Layer...
Layer tools

Modify

Express

1 at Q* . I S I f i

Make Object's Layet Current

Color...

. Layer Previous

Linetype...

Layer JValk...

Layer tjatch

Linew.eight,..
Seals List...
fe

Text Style,..

pjmenston Style..',

Table Style,..
PtotStyle...

....

Window.. Help

" ^ Change to Current Layer


*, Cogy Objects to New Layer
^

Layer Isolate '


Isolate Layer to Current Viewport

t$$ Layer Unijolate

Point Style...
CJultiline Style...

&

Layer p.ff
TurQ All Layers On

Units...
'*3*; Ihlckness.

% i Layer
Ihaw All Layers ,

Drawing Limits
Rename,,, ,

Layer Lock,

-^ Layer Unlock
Laye/ Merge
; Layer D_elete

. 4.4. Format

Layer tools ( ),
Layers II (-2).

235

4.1.
( ) (. . 4.1) Properties
() Color Control ().
.
ByLayer (), . . .
. 4.2 0, 0
.
0 ( ,
). . 4.3.
, ,
, [] Color Control ()
(. 4.5).

. 4.5. Color Control

, (,
). .
() .
Color Control ()
.
, (
).
.
, , ,
, .

Blue () (. 4.6).
Blue ().
, Color Control ()
. <Esc>
, .
,
Select Color ( ) Color Control ().

236

Select Color ( ) (. 4.7),


, AutoCAD.
t f f l AutoCAD 2007 - [Drawingl.dwg]
^

file

Edit View

Insert

Format

Tools

Draw

Dimension

Modify

Express

il ! hi gi & .$> -4 f v # .If'.*I Red


AutoCAD Classic

/\

,p\

Window

Help

\,'-^.^\
ByLaye

ByLayer
ByBlock
Red
Yellow
Green
Cyan

Magenta
White
EJ3 Select Color..

0
Q
H

. 4.6. Color Control

Index Color

True Color

Color Books

AutoCAD Color Index (ACI):

1 1

iiSSiiSSSSS&SSSSSBSS

Bytayer

ByBlock

olor:

110
OK

Cancel ,

Help

. 4.7. Select Color, Index Color

2,
ByLayer () ByBlock ().
Index Color ( ), True Color (

237

) Color Books ( ).
2.
Color Control ().
, ,
:

(, Red ());

Index Color ( ), 8 255;

, RGB (,
64,134,191);

(, PANTONE 873 ).

AutoCAD 1
7:

1 Red ();

2 Yellow ();

3 Green ();

4 Cyan ();

5 Blue ();

6 Magenta ();

7 White (), , , ,
.

Color Control ().


,
Select Color ( ).
Color () Format () (. . 4.4)
.
COLOR (), ,
. - Select Color (
).

4.2.
.
Linetype Control ( )
Properties (). ,
. , (. 4.8).
, ByLayer () ByBlock (),
, Continuous,
.

'

238

, Other (). Linetypr


Manager ( ) (. 4.9).

. 4.8. Linetype Control

Linetype Manage!

?||

Linetype filters

-"
*j

: | Show all linetype$

load..

'

Current

Show Retails

Delete

tnveftfiltei

'Current Linetype. ByLayer


Linetype

Deiciipiign

ijiiock
Conlinuous

Continuous

. 4.9. Linetype Manager

,
.
, .
.
, Load ().
Load or Reload Linetypes (/
) (. 4.10).
(acadiso.lin),
. ,
lin. File () , ,
.

, , DASHDOT ().

239

,
Linetype Manager ( ).
, Load or
Reload Linetypes (/ )
, , .
, .
Select All ( ) (. 4.11).

&]Load or Reload Linetypes

_.

IIU-HHH

Available Linetypes
j Description
ISO dash
ISO dash space _ _ _
ISO long-dash dot
.
ISO long-dash double-dot
ISO long-dash triple-dot

Linetype .''..
ACAD ISO02W1O0
ACAD IS003W100
ACAD IS004W100
ACAD IS005W100
ACAD IS006W100
ACAD IS007W100
ACAD ISO0SW1O0
ACAD ISO09W1O0
ACAD IS010W100
ACAD IS011W100

^*|
_ _ _
.
.
..
..
...
...

~J:.
._
.

ISO dot
ISO long-dash short-dash
ISO long-dash double-short-dash
ISO dash dot _ . _ . _ . _ . _ . _ . _
ISO double-dash dot
.
.
.

J 1
vj

<L
OK.

Cancel

Help

. 4.10. Load or Reload Linetypes

Select All
Clear All

. 4.11.

AutoCAD ,
. , Linetype
Manager ( ),
. Linetype Control (
) , , , ZIGZAG ().
.
, Properties () (. 4.12).
,
Linetype Control ( )
(
Color Control () ).
Linetype Manager ( )
Format | Linetype ( | )
LINETYPE (), .

240

. 4.12.

.
- (
, , , .),
.
1,
. . 4.13
, .

%
\

>
\

\
\
. 4.13.

241


: .
, .
(Global scale factor
( ) Current object scale ( ))
Show details ( ) Linetype Manager (
),
(. 4.14).

. 4.14.
Linetype Manager

. ,
1, 2, ,
( . .),
.
.
AutoCAD,
() . LTSCALE
() .
LTSCALE (
. 12). ()
CELTSCALE.

242

4.3.

,
.
, AutoCAD.
. ,
(),
, , ,
.
,
. (
) - . "
.
LAYER (),
--_. Layers () Format | Layer
( | ).
LAYER () Layer Properties Manager
( ) (. 4.15).
( ).
Layer Properties Manager ( )
, .
(). ( ),
.

Layer Piopeilies
1

Managei

s # All Used Layers

<l

- rtr 5>

1 layers displayed of 1 totallayws ,


" invetUiItet

i ~ Indicate layers in yse

f p Apply to layers Joolbar

OK

Cancel

Help

243

All Used Layers ( ),


. ,
- .
.
, .
, (
).
Layer Properties Manager ( )
, ,
, .
, .
().
Layer Properties Manager ( ), :
Current layer:
( : 0)
, .
:
;

( ,
);
,
CLAYER.

(). 0,
. ,
.
, , ,
,
.
, (. 4.16).
: Maximize all columns
Maximize column
. 4.16.

Maximize column ( )
, ,
, . Maximize all columns ( )

244

, (
).
:

Status () ( ).
:

4 ;

*> (, );

- ;

* , ( .
);

, , (
);

Name () , 1 255 ;

On () ( );

Freeze ()
( );

Lock () ( );

Color () ,
ByLayer ();

Linetype ( ) -
ByLayer ();

Lineweight ( )
ByLayer ();
Plot Style ( )

, ;
Plot ()
( );

Description () .


, .
.
1 255
( , 1).
, , . ,
.
'-, Layerl
,
.

245

(1) ( ).
(. 4.17).
lEgLajiei Piopeities Manage!

;fel ol

e j i K J V j

H -..- All

iCurent layer: 0

Stat Nam i On . Freeze 1 Lock! Color, ..* | Linetype

^ g . AH Used Layers

<f 0

'h

white

; Lineweight

Continuous

Default

Plot Style i Plot; Desciipttor


i,<

g,

f:

.1

|
I

<1

. I

.1

'1

Help

All: 2 layers displayed of 2 total layers


: f~ Invert filter

J7 Indicate layers in use

W Apply to layers toolbar

P .

Cancel

&>ply

4.17.

> '. ,

.
Layerl (1) , .
, 0.
On ().
( ), ,
( ) . , ,
, 4.
, , , (
, ). , ,
( AutoCAD
).
Freeze ().
( ), , (
) . , ,
, .

' "". ,
"" . , . . ,
, .

246

, , , 1
( , ). , ,
.

, , 1
, . ,
, .

Lock (). ;
% ( ), , <
^ ( ) .
, .
, , ,
%.
Color ()
ByLayer (). Layer Properties Manage*
( )
, Select Color ( ),
(. . 4.7).
ByLayer () (
Select Color ( )).
Linetype ( ).
ByLayer (). Layer
Properties Manager ( )
( , Continuous),
Select Linetype ( ) (. 4.18),
.
Select Linetype
Loaded linetjipes
linetype
ACADJS014W100
*.C4D_IS015W100
BATTING
BORDER
B0RDER2
B0RDERX2
CENTER
CENTER2
CENTERX2

OK

Appearance

Cancel'

Description.
ISO dash triple-dot _ . . . _

ISO double-dash triple-dot _


/
Baiting SSSSSSSSSSSSSS-J
Bolder
.
.
Border f.5x) . .
.
Border (2x]
Center
Center (.5xj
Center (2x).

Load.

. 4.18. Select Linetype

247

, Load
().
Lineweight ( ).
() , ,
ByLayer (). Layer Properties
Manager ( ) (. . 4.15) ,
Lineweight ( ) (. 4.19),
. . . 4.4.

Lineweight
Lineweights:

0.00 m m
0.05 m m
0.09 m m
0.13 m m
0.15 m m
0.18 m m
0.20 m m
0.25 m m
0.30 m m
0.35 m m

Oiiginal:

Default;

New:

Default

OK

Cancel

zl

Help

. 4.19. Lineweight

Plot Style ( ) (. . 4.15) ,


. . .
Plot () ,
, . <* ( )
, , $ ( )
. , ,
. ,
, .
, , , .
Description (),
.

( Name ()).
,
.

248

,
, .
, .
< , Layer Properties Manager ( )
(. . 4.15) Layer Filter Properties (
) (. 4.20), .

Layer Fillet Properties


;FHtei rtarne:
MyPiopFillerl

ShawfiKarnpte

ffief definition:'
\ Statue: Narne :. .

On

Freeze ' Lockj Color

iJt~

<i

]. j Linetype.

; Linewaight \ Plot Style -Plot '.

il'

- Fitter pfeyiew:;'
S tatus

: Nome.

'tay'
Layer*
Layer2

On

.; Freeze Lock i Color

0
j
3)

m 122
white
white

-rbnetype

v. bneweight

PHANTOM
FEN.JNE1
TRACKS

. Plot Style Plot


0,..m KLeen
0._ra
Default Solid

m
is

a
OK

j'

Cancel

. 4.20. Layer Filter Properties

Filter name ( )
Filter definition ( ) (

), .
Name () * ?
, , Lay*, , <
Layer. .
[7J 1;
[ 3 .
(St Layer Properties Manager ( )
(. . 4.15)
, (. 4.21).
,

Select Layers | Add ( | )
(. 4.22). ,
.
(. 4.23)
(. 4.22).

249

] Layer Properties Manager


iCurrent layer: 0
E -3S All
*4& All Used Layers
j j 11 [
|S MyPropFiUeil
' - j MyPiopFilter3

StatNa

On Fie Loc Cola

llnetype ;

'! Lirteweight

Plot Style

Plot Description

1
1

jj

..,.,.,,

<|

,.,

:,;::. | >|

iGiGup Filter!' 0 layers displayed of 6 total layets


" invert liltef

P Indicate layer* in yse


Apply

OK

17 Apply to layers toolbar

Help

. 4.21.
Visibility
Lock
Viewport
Isolate Group

>

Visibility.
Lock
Viewport, ,
Isolate Group

New Properties Filler..


New Group Fitter

; New Properties Fiitei...


Convert to Group FHtei ;

Rename

Rename

Delete

HEE22EE

HO
L

Delete

Add';"".'

Properties...

,;- 'RepidC?.;'.'

. 4.22.

. 4.23.

. 4.22 4.23.

Visibility () '
:

On () ;

Orf () ;

Thawed () ;

Frozen () ;

Lock ()
:

Lock () ;

Unlock () ;

250

Viewport ( )
,
( . 11):

Freeze ()
;

Thaw ()
;

Isolate Group ( )
( , ):

All viewports ( ) ;

Active viewport only ( )


;

New Properties Filter ( )


(. . 4.20);

New Group Filter ( )


;
Convert to Group Filter ( )
;

Rename () ;

Delete () ;

Properties () ,
(. . 4.20);

Select Layers ( ) ,
:

Add () ;

Replace () .
, i.
, ceoHCTBaiv
(. 4.24). ,
.

\ *$ All Used Layers


j - % G11
# Properties Filter"!
:
"*j$ Properties Filter2
-^
-, 1
''sjjt 1 Filte(3

. 4.24.

251

fig Layer Properties Manager ( )


(. . 4.15) Layer States Manager (
) (. 4.25), ,
.
[I L a y e i

Status Managei

Laygr slates
] Space

Name

1 Description

1?1
Model

Ier4

p_ele!e

Import.
Expert.
.

'

: : : ; '

: . : . . : .

Lava settings toiestoie "


R Qn/Otf

P \ / Thawed ..

CO|M

Select All

Ljnetype
Cleat & l

Jv? Locked / Unlocked


" PBot/NoRot' '
" Current VP Frozen/Thawed

W Plotstste
" New VP Fio^en^ Thawed

" Juin off takers not found in layer state


Best are

Close

Help

. 4.25. Layer States Manager

New ().
Delete
(). ,
Layer settings to restore ( ).
Export () ,
, las (
Import ()).

Restore ().
, ,
, Turn off layers not
found in layer state ( , ).
Layer Properties Manager (
)
( , , . .)
.
(. 4.26).

252
v Show Filter Tree
Show filters in Layer List
Set current
New Layer
Delete Layer
Change Description
Remove From Group Filter
Select All
. Clear All
Select All but Current
Invert Selection
:

Invert Layer Filter

23Q3HH
Save Layer States...
. Restore Layer State..,

;;.

Properties Filter!
Properties Filter2 .
' G i l

1
. 1 Filters
All Used Layers

. 4.26.

Show Filter Tree ( )


( );

Show Filters in Layer List ( ) ( );


;

Set current () ;

New Layer ( ) ;

Delete Layer ( ) ,
( );

Change Description ( ) (
, );

Remove From Group Filter ( )


, ;

Select All ( ) ,
;

Clear All ( ) ;

Select All but Current ( , )


, ;

Invert Selection ( ) (
, );

253

Invert Layer Filter ( ) ,


;

Layer Filters ( )
();
;

Save Layer States ( )


;

Restore Layer State ( )


.

Layers () Layer Control ()


(. 4.27),
, (
, ).
.
Q : '

9 Q S 3 ^BAWD-GLAZE
G ! 2rl3HAWD-MULL
V Q '-J ' AWD-SILL
* J j i CEILG
V 1 3 CONDUIT
S> * & * & DOORS
v Q \ J '.'-
V ' J FLOORCOMMON
9 G % 6 a LOGO
, J '.ilffl M-TEXT-BOLD
* / J 1'Q MECHANICAL
Q % "4 MEOIUMUSER
i 0 \ V ~ ' < B SHTINFO
VO^^BSMLTENAN
9 G < t b % B TITLE_BORD
, Q J"JHTITLE_HEAD
. ' TITLE_TEXT
V Q W S B VIEWPORTS
* WALLTYPE12
' ' WALLTYPE2
^ Q U IBWALLTYPE3
, 0'JJ:WALUYPE4
9Qa%SWALLTYPE5

'/;

>

. 4.27. Layer Control

,
.
:
.
,
.
Layer Control ()
.

254

<f

,
Layer Control ()
(. . ) , !
Color Control () .
Format | Layer tools ( | ) (. . 4.4)
.
Layers () (. . 4.2) Layers II (-2) (. . 4.3).
( :
; , AutoCAD):

Make Object's Layer Current ( , ,_])


, (
LAYMCUR1 (2));

Layer Previous ( , 0 )
( LAYERP ());

Layer Walk ( , [%]) ,


( LAYWALK ());

Layer Match ( , = t )
( LAYMCH ());

Change to Current Layer ( , N^J)


( LAYCUR ());

Copy Objects to New Layer ( , .)


, ( COPYTOLAYEF.
();

Layer Isolate ( , ^J,) ,


( LAY1SO ());

Isolate Layer to Current Viewport ( )


,
( LAYVPI ());
,
Layer Unisolate ( , 0)
( LAYUNISO ());
Layer Off ( , j # )
( LAYOFF ());
Turn All Layers On ( )LA YON ());

AI_MOLC.
.

255

Layer Freeze ( , % )
( LAYFRZ ());
Thaw All Layers ( ) (
LAYTHW ();
Layer Lock ( , [ % )
( LAYLCK ());
Layer Unlock ( , '4t )
( LAYULK ());

Layer Merge ( )
, ( LAYMRG ());

Layer Delete ( )
( LAYDEL ()).

| f. | LAYERP ()
, :

~}

LAYERP () LAYERPMODE
(), LAYERP ().

4.4.
. ,
'. ,
.
, LWT
() , , . . 4.28
, ,
.
,
: , , ,
, TrueType, (
. 8).

' .
. . 6.

256

. 4.28.

, ,
Lineweight Control () (. 4.29),
Properties () (. . 4.1),
Linetype Control ( ).

LWEIGHT () Format | Lineweiglit
( | ). LWEIGHT ()
Lineweight Settings ( ) (. 4.30).
ByLayer

'
i
i
i
i
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

ByBlock
Default
0.00 mm
0.05 mm
0.09 mm
0.13 mm
0.15 mm
0.18 mm
0.20 mm
0.25 mm
0.30 mm
0.35 mm
0.40 mm
0.50 mm
0.53 mm
0.60 mm
070 mm
0.80 mm
0.30 mm
1.00 mm
1.06 mm
1.20 mm
1.40 mm
1.58 mm
2.00 mm
2.11 mm

. 4.29.
Lineweight Control

Lineweight Setting
UnfcWetghts :

Units fot Listing' "


<" MjNimeters (mm)

ByBlock
Default
0.00 mm
0.05 mm
0.09 mm
0.13 mm

"**t

'4*

* '
Inches (in)

T " Display Lineweight


Default ..

0.25 mm V j

. Adjust Display Scale


2J

i Min;

- J

>
-

Cuttent Lineweight: ByLayer


OK

Cancel

Hetp

. 4.30.
Lineweight Settings

257


( 0 2,11 ). Display Lineweight
( )
LWT (). Adjust Display Scale (
)
( , ).
Default ( )
DEFAULT (). DEFAULT ()
0,25 (0,01 ).
, .
,
Lineweight Control ( )
( Color
Control () Properties ()
).

4.5.

. * AutoCAD
, , .
.
10.
,
, ,
(URL, Universal Resource Locator),
.

HYPERLINK (), Insert |
Hyperlink ( | ). ,
, , Insert Hyperlink
( ) (. 4.31).
Text to display ( ) ,
,
. . 4.32 ^ ,
( ).
, ,
Link to ( ) Insert

.
9 . 326

258

Hyperlink ( ) (. . 4.31),
:

Existing File or Web Page ( Web-);

View of This Drawing ( );

E-mail Address ( ).

Insert Hyperlink
, Link to:.

lext to display: j Developer Day 20051


the file or VVeb pagehame:y: " ^ 4

.-.-.'

''".

Exi-tinc? Ffc or

; JG:\ADN\Moscow Developer Day April 2005 and other 2005\l_a_Corp


Or select from list;

a
vnswufThe

F \ Browsed i
* * Pages

E-maJ Address

Recent
Files

Inserted
Unks

''

Browse for:
D:\Bhvl5 (Loskutov)\OT \ 2000,dt.[
jle,.,
G:\ADN\ADN work\01 Glossary\autocad_glossary
i .
G:\ADN\ADN workt.01 Glossary\autocad_glossary
^ebPage;.
G: \Home\Peterlink-Cad\Win\2006 January\a2006
G:\_Pol\A\25sp\25spvtabjpc

5
G:\Bookl8 (AutoCAD 2007 - (2006..
\\ -J
Tarcjet.,

Path: (a \ADN\Moscow Developer Day April 2005 and ot. <.


7 , .
17 Convert DWG hyperlinks to DWF

^.i;pbject:setected..'
' objects with hyperlinks.
OK

Cancel

Help,..

. 4 . 3 1 . Insert Hyperlink
Existing File or Web Page

. 4.32.

Insert Hyperlink ( ) ,
Link to ( ) . . 4.31
Existing File or Web Page ( Weh). Type the file or Web page name
( Web-),
.
Browse for (
):

259

File () Browse the Web Select Hyperlink ( Web


),
Web-;

Web Page (Web-) Browse the Web (


), URL- Web-;

Target () DWG-
Select Place in Document ( ) .
, .

Web- Or select
from list ( ) (. . 4.31),
( ):

Recent Files ( ) ;

Browsed Pages ( )
;

Inserted Links ( )
.


, Path () .
Use relative path for hyperlink (
), (
, ).
Convert DWG hyperlinks to DWF (
DWG DWF) DWF (
DWF- . 6) DWF.
Insert Hyperlink ( ) View of
This Drawing ( ) Select a view of this (
) , .
Insert Hyperlink ( ) E-mail
Address ( )
.
E-mail address ( ) Subject ().
Recently used e-mail addresses
( ), .
, - ,
.
Hyperlink () (. 4.33).
Open ()
AutoCAD , ,
(
, ).

260

4
0 r f i f l t a ! e . .;
Draw Aider
Deselect Ajl
jJuick.Select..
H

QuickCalc

Find...'.'

|*j( Properties
Hyperlink

Open " Developer Dey: 2005''


Copy Hyperlink
Add to Favorites...
Edit Hyperlink...

. 4.33. ,

HYPERLINK ()
, ,
Edit Hyperlink ( ).
Insert Hyperlink ( ),
, .
Remove Link ( ),

.
, .
, .
Z, X .
, ,
. , ,
XY ( Z). . 9.

4.6.
(, , , ), ,
Layer Control (],
Color Control (), Linetype Control ( ), Lineweight Control (
) Layers () Properties ().
PROPERTIES ()
, .
Standard (), Tools | Palettes |
Properties' ( | | ) Modify | Properties ( | ].

261

<Ctrl>+<l>. PROPERTIES (OKHOCB)


PROPERTIES () (. 4.34).

I No selection

U ^
',

. Color

'

Layer

ByLayei
0

| Linetype

ByLayei

Linetype scale
$

: Lineweight

ByLayei

I Thickness

ByLayei

'I

Shadow display

Casts and F eceives Sh...

Plot style

ByColor

! Plot style table

None
| Plot table attac. !Model
Not availab!
Plot table type

.
3

Center X

1765 5109

i Center Y

> 876.7503

, Center Z

:o

Height

1056.9388

Width

2128.3562

Specifies the current material

. 4.34. PROPERTIES

.
, , , ,
, , , , , , ,
PROPERTIES ().
, .
PROPERTIES () ,
.
,
No selection ( ) (. . 4.34),
. ,
PROPERTIES ()
, .
, ,
(, - ,
).

262

- (, ) ,
*VARIES* (**).
:
%
( QSELECT () 3);

\ PICKADD 1 0;
PICKADD 1, PROPERTIES ()
, , 0
; PICKADD 0,
- :]..! (
PICKADD 0 1).
,
. PROPERTIES
() AutoCAD.
, , .
. ,
.
PROPERTIES ()
(
),
.
, , "
, .
(. 4.35). , cmreft
.
Move

'

Size
4:'".Close.
* Allow Docking
Anchor Left <
Anchot Right >

Auto-hide
Description
. 4.35. PROPERTIES

Move ();

Size ();

Close ();

Allow Docking ( );

Anchor Left1 < ( <);

Anchor Right > ( >);

Auto-hide ( );

Description ().

263

Auto-hide ( ) (
), , ,
. , ,
PROPERTIES () .
Allow Docking ( ),

.
Anchor Left < ( >) Anchor
Right > ( >).
Description ()
, ,
(, Specifies the current color ( )).
, .
PROPERTIES () ,
. , .
, General (),
3D Visualization2 ( ), Plot Style ( ), View () Misc
(). ( ),
General () 3D Visualization (3M ), ,
, Geometry ()
( ).
3 Q , ,
.
-
, PROPERTIES (),
. , ,

(, Color ()) (. 4.36).
,
QuickCalc (QuickCalc), 2.
, .

.
2

264
Circle

-* %

Green
~
Layer

! Linetype

Red

; Linetype scale

D Yellow

Plot style

Cyan

; Hyperlink

Blue

Material

; Center X

*&
_^

i Lineweight
Thickness

Magenta
White
Select Color...
ByLayer

>
;

957.118

Returns the true color of the object.

/
. 4.36.

, ,
,
( ,
PROPERTIES ()).
?
.
PROPERTIES (^
Q .
CHPROP ()
. :
Enter property to change /Color/LAyer/L Type/ltScule/L Weight/Thickness/MateriatJ:
( [// //
//]':)
, , .
AutoCAD 1 255,
(
Color Support
AutoCAD).
CHANGE ()
. ,
.

265

( . 9).
. :
Specify change point or [Properties]:
( []':)
, (
, ).
Properties () :
Enter property to change
[Color/Elev/LAyer/LTypeAtScale/LWeight/Thickness/Materia?]:
( [/// '/
//]:)
CHPROP ()
Elev ().
XY ( Z).
9.
AutoCAD ,
( )
MATCHPROP (). J' , , Standard ().
Modify | Match Properties ( | ).
:
Select source object:
( :)
,
.
MATCHPROP ():
Current active settings:
( :)
,
. . 4.37
Property Settings ( ): Color
(), Layer (), Linetype ( ), Linetype Scale ( ),
Lineweight ( ), Thickness (), PlotStyle ( ),
Dimension (), Text (), Hatch (), Polyline
(), Viewport (), Table (), Material2 () Shadow
display ( ).
' .
2

266


I H p ' P e | l y Sellings
Basic; Properties
OK
, P Color

"]

Cancel

layer.

tjrretype

HQT_..._SUPPLY

: f ? Unetjipe Scale
P

Uneaight

: ; p Ihickness
:

48.207.172

! 7 MolStyJe

Help

1
0.90 mm
0
Normal

: Special Properties
p 1 J^irrierision
\ . P Eolyine
P Material

P Teat
P Viewport - -

P Tatle

P Shadow display

. 4.37. Property Settings

:
Select destination object(s) or [Settings]:
( () []:)
,
Microsoft Office. ,
, Settings ().
Settings () Property Settings (
) (. . 4.37).
, ,
. ,
<Enter>.
AutoCAD ,
, .
DESIGNCENTER ( ),
5.

4.7. 4
1. :

500 400 .

71,184,130.

267

1 1,5.
.

2 . .
.

2. PROPERTIES ():

PROPERTIES () .


AutoCAD
, , , .
, , . ,
, 6. ,
, .
AutoCAD Styles () (. 5.1)
, .

HJ

r|suj*d

3 ^Fo3

3 -'*^

. 5.1. Styles

5.1.
,
(
, .).
2, ,
( Standard),
.
Styles () (. . 5.1).
. (.
. 5.5) .
STYLE (),
Format | Text Style ( | )
Text () Styles (). STYLE ()
Text Style ( ) (. 5.2).

269

. tyleName
! jMyspecial
'

|
[Jew..

Bename...

fielete

| I j Verdana

Close ''' 1

v.'"

Help
Height

Font Stale:

; EcntName'.

I0 ooo

. . Use Big Font

..
.' " Upsidg down

VidthFecioi j 1 0000

! " Backwards

Jbtique Angle |0

T Vertical

AaBbCcD
AaBbCcD

ieview

. 5.2. Text Style

,
. , . 5.2,
Myspecial. Font () ,
: , .
Effects () (,
.). ,
Apply
(), ,
.
New ()
. New Text Style
( ) (. 5.3), .
styiel,
.
IfflNew Text Style
'/..Style Name:

]1

Of.
Cancel

. 5.3. New Text Style

NewT ( , ,
) <Enter>. AutoCAD .
, , .
.

270

Text Style ( ) (. . 5.2)


Font Name ( ) ,
AutoCAD (. 5.4).
p. Font.:..'..--.

;:'- ' -.-

i Font Name:
A

)A ixuhx

-.

--
Fonts

"

]"-;:[':;*;:-^

!:', |"r TwCenMT CondensedExliaBold

1 % TypoUpiightBT
'-T UniversalMatM
f[ Verdana

|
-: J
-\l
S]

. 5.4.

, , SHX AutoCAD, Fonts


AutoCAD, shx. ,
?, TrueType, Windows.
. Standard,
txt.shx ,
Delete (),
Rename () Text Style (
) (. . 5.2). (
). ,
( ),
.
, , NewT. Font Name (
) Arial.
Font Style (), txt.shx.
, : Italic (), Regular
(), Bold () Bold Italic ( ).
TrueType.
Bold Italic ( ).
Height () ,
. TEXT
() ,
.

, .
.
, , ,
.

271

SHX-
AutoCAD, Use Big Font ( ).
Font Style () Big Font (
). ,
, (, ).
Effects ()
. Upside down ()
. Backwards ( )
. Vertical () ,
.
, , .
Vertical () .
Width Factor ( )
. 1
, 1 .
Oblique Angle ( )
( !).
, . , ,
, , 15,
15 Oblique Angle ( ).
, Italic () Bold Italic (
) ,
. -85
+85.
Text Style ( )
Preview () Preview (). Preview
() ,
( ),
Preview (). ,
,
Preview (), .
Apply ()
( ) Close (),
.


. . 5.5 ,
NewT ( Arial, Bold Italic ( )).

. 5.5. , Arial ( )

272

5.2.
3,
.
DIMSTYLE (), *
Styles () Dimension (), Dimension | Style (
| ) Format | Dimension Style ( | ).
. , ,
Dimension (),
Styles () (. . 5.1). -
, .
, , ISO-25.
(. 1),
ISO-25. 11 ,
AutoCAD
Standard (ANSI), DIN, JIS'
ISO. (. . 5.5)
.
DIMSTYLE () Dimension Style
Manager ( ) (. 5.6).
Dimension Style Manager

Current Dimstyle: ISO-25


Review of: ISO-25

.14,11

SeVtUffenl
Mew..
Jv|0C%.,.

fiventde..
Compare,..

U*
| All styles

V7 uon'tjist styles in Xtefs

Help

. 5.6. Dimension Style Manager

Current Dimstyle ( )
, () 1

Japanese Industrial Standards.

273

.
Styles ().
List ( ). All styles ( )
Styles in use ( ). Don't list styles in Xrefs (
-) ,
( . 7).
Preview of ( )
, . ,
Description (), .
:

Set Current ();

New ();

Modify ();

Override ();

Compare ().


, Styles () Set Current
(). .
, New ().
Create New Dimension Style (
) (. 5.7).

N.ew Style Name:

|1!

t t W i t h ; | ISO-25

*J;.\
w

yselot: | All dimensions


]

Continue

Cancel

.Help

. 5.7. Create New Dimension Style

New Style Name ( )


. ISO-25,
Copy of ISO-25 ( ISO-25). (,
). ,
, Start
With ( ) .
,
Use for () All dimensions (
). : Linear dimensions (
), Angular dimensions ( ), Radius dimensions (), Diameter

274

dimensions (), Ordinate dimensions ( ) Leaders and


Tolerances ( ), ,
,
, .
.
Create New Dimension Style (
) Continue ().
New Dimension Style (
), . , Lines
() (. 5.8).
\Haw Dimension Style:
Lines j Symbols and Anows j
""Pi'

''

j Pmnary Un -Alternate Units j Tolerances]

wtt. | Fit

'"tU-

' Uneweabt

... !

F~
J3.75

Baseline spacing:
' Suppress:

j Color

J B ByBlock

'
: LineHeighi:
' Suppress:

|
" Ext line 1

- ByBlock

Zi\:

- ByBlock

d
d

- ByBlock

16,6

\ .A

\ft

s^

4y
" . ' . ' ' .

-H
Hi

" Qjm line 2

!~ Dirn line 1

dl

- ByBlock

i Extend beyond licks:

LL

JHiUBi
'1
ByBlock

14,11

Ifpta' ' :
kr'iL
'
;, ynetype;

'

'

'

Extend beyond dim

fines:

Hi

11.25

f Fixed length extension lines


L ength'

TJI

Ext line 2

OK

.Cancel.

Help

. 5.8. New Dimension Style, Lines

, .
Dimension lines ( )
:

Color ();

Linetype ( );

Lineweight ( );

Extend beyond ticks ( );

Baseline spacing ( );

275

Suppress Dim line 1 ( 1 - );


Suppress Dim line 2 ( 2- ).
. ,
ByBIock (),
,
.
Extension lines ( ) ,
:

Color ();

Linetype ext line 1 ( 1- );


Linetype ext line 2 ( 2- );
Lineweight ( );
Suppress Ext line 1 ( 1- );
Suppress Ext line 2 ( 2- );
Extend beyond dim lines ( );
Offset from origin ( );
Fixed length extension lines ( ).

. , Length ().
. 5.9.

. 5.9.

New Dimension Style (


) Symbols and Arrows ( ) (. 5.10).
Arrowheads ()
, ,
:

276

First ();

Second ();

Leader ();

Arrow size ().


New Dimension Style:
Lines

~:.;. and At,(;s'j Text

:wAttpwneads'''~

] Fit

j Piwmtj/ Units] Alternate Units) Tolerances

' '"" '

.;! ;:.Fu*J:j S Closed filled

j Closed filled

Leadet:
j 8* Closed filled
Anowsize:

"3
Arc length symbol

Center marks

*" Receding dimension text


<"" &bove dimension text
* None

** ' M a * ::
f~" Line

Radius dimension jog'


Jo
og angle:

-.OK-

.Cancel'"

. 5.10. New Dimension Style, Symbols and Arrows

Center marks ( )
,
. : None (), Mark ()
Line (). Size (
).
Arc length symbol ( )
( ) :

Preceding dimension text ( );

Above dimension text ( );

None ().

Radius dimension jog ( )


DIMJOGGED
().

277

Text () (. 5.11) New Dimension Style (


) .

. 5.11. New Dimension Style, Text

Text appearance ( ) :

Text style ( ) ;

Text color ( ) ;

Fill color ( ) ;

Text height ( ) ;

Fraction height scale ( ) .

, Draw frame around text ( )


.
Text placement ( )
: Vertical ( ) (
Centered ( ), Above ( ), Outside (), JIS (
JIS)) Horizontal ( ) ( Centered ( ),
At Ext Line 1 ( 1- ), At Ext Line 2 ( 2- ), Over Ext Line 1
( 1- ), Over Ext Line 2 ( 2- )),
Offset from dim line (
).

278

Text alignment ( ) ,
: Horizontal (), Aligned with
dimension line ( ) ISO standard ( ISO).
Fit () (. 5.12)
, .
New Dimension Style:
U*r

| Symbol and Arrows) lex!

jR

jPtim*ry Utat|j Alternate Unit) tolerances}

it Options

;
It lliere un'r enough room to place both. text
low. .-ide extension lme. the diil thing I
( Either taxi or stows (best (it)

Ajrows:':.'

||||t

f~ AJway* I eep te4 between e*r line.':


:

:,J~ Suppress arrows tt they don't bade


extension lines:

. ... ..
.<" Use overall pealed,

r.::Scafe dimensions to layout J S


When text i; rot m the default portion, place
| : . drrrwnsion line
<" O.er d"iraenorilr.*hleader
: Over dimension trie withaul leader

Fine junina ;;';-'

Elsee text manualy '

17 fitaw dim line between extlines::

01'.

;. \

Cancel

. 5.12. N e w D i m e n s i o n S t y l e , Fit

Fit options ( ) "If there isn't enough roon


to place both text and arrows inside extension lines, the first thing to move outside tin
extension lines is" ("
, ")
:

Either text or arrows (best fit) ( , ());

Arrows ();

Text ();

Both text and arrows ( );

Always keep text between ext lines ( ).

Suppress arrows if they don't fit inside


extension lines ( , ).

279

Text placement ( ) "When text is not in


the default position, place it" (" ")
:

Beside the dimension line ( );

Over dimension line, with leader ( );

Over dimension line, without leader (He ).

3 Scale for dimension features (


) : Use overall scale of (
), ,
, ,
Scale dimensions to layout ( ),
( .
11).
Fit () Fine tuning (
) : Place text manually (
) Draw dim line between ext lines ( ).
Primary Units ( ) (. 5.13)
.

New Dimension Style:

1jnes

j Symbols and Arrows Test

1 Fit

Primary Units]] Alternate Units | Tolerances |


14,11

Precision
Fraction

J 0.00
format

|rtcft>uf*a!

Decimal separator:

.:,|0

Pie%:

Suffix:

Scale, factor:

.
'.'(Comma

Bound off: ,

zlj

;. (Decimal

\v

16,6

tjnitformat;

KYJ V \ \

zli

&/

"Ahgulafdim ensions

"

|1

j " Apply to layout dimensions only

Units fofrn$t:

Decimal Degrees

4-

Precisian:

jtjj

-
j Zero suppression

;: Zero suppression
j f~ Reading

i Jy ^railing

"

V
'

Leafjng

"

OK

Cancel

Help

. 5.13. New Dimension Style, Primary Units

280

.5

Linear dimensions ( )
:

Unit format ( );
Precision ();
Fraction format ( );
Decimal separator ( );
Round off ();
Prefix ();
Suffix ().

, Linear dimensions ( )
. Measurement scale ( !
Scale factor (),
. ,
Apply to layout dimensions only (
).
Zero suppression ( )

, 0 0 :

Leading ();

Trailing ();

0 feet (0 );

0 inches (0 ).

Angular dimensions ( )
. ?
.
Alternate Units ( ) (. 5.14).
,
, i
. . ,
Display alternate units ( ).
Alternate units ( )
, , , *:
. :

Unit format ( );

Precision ();

Multiplier for alt units ( );

Round distances to ( );

281

Prefix ();

Suffix ().

m j N e w Dimension Style:
Ones | Symbols and AIIOWS] Text

] Fit

j Ptvraiy Units Alternate Units j Tolerances

W'''iQisplay alternate units;

-Alternate units
: Unit fofmat.
;

Precision

(Decimal

jo ooo

14,11 ,55

g|
dj

; ^uftiplief fot alt units:

; J0.039370 14!

Oound distances to:

1 u\

; Prefer.

f
Placement

i S'umjf

.:::::... '.

f'Zeio suppression
j Reading

| " X*aiiing

(* eft primaiy value


f " elow primaiy value

OK

Xancel

: 'ttelp

. 5.14. New Dimension Style, Alternate Units

Zero suppression ( )
Primary Units ( ) (. . 5.13).
Placement ()
,
. . After primary value ( ) Below primary value (
).
Tolerances () (. 5.15)
.
Tolerance format ( )
:
Method () ;
Precision () ( )
;
Upper value ( )
;
Lower value ( )
;

282

.5

Scaling for height ( ) \


;

Vertical position () .

. 5.15. New Dimension Style, Tolerances

, Zero suppression ( )
.
Method () :

None () ;

Symmetrical () ? ( Upper value (


), "");

Deviation () ,

Limits ( ) ,
;

Basic ()
, .

Method ()
AutoCAD, , ,
.

283

Symmetrical (),
Lower value ( ) .
Vertical position ()
:

Bottom () ;

Middle () ;

() .

Alternate unit tolerance ( )


Precision ()
, Zero suppression
( ), ,
.

, Dimension Style Manager (
) Close ().
Modify () Dimension Style Manager (
) (. . 5.6)
. Modify Dimension Style
( ), New Dimension Style (
), .
, New Dimension Style (
), .
Modify () Dimension Style Manager
( ) (. . 5.6) Override (
), Override Current
Style ( ).
3.
Dimension Style Manager ( ).
Compare () Dimension Style Manager (
) (. . 5.6)
Compare Dimension Styles ( ).
3,
AutoCAD.

.
. ,
,
DIMSCALE, Command: (.)
DIMSCALE, AutoCAD
(
):

284

Enter new value for DIMSCALE <1.0000>:


( DIMSCALE <1.0000>.)
(. . 5.5)
DWG-.

5.3.
2 STANDARD,

.
.
MLSTYLE ( I,
Multiline Style ( )
Format ().
MLSTYLE () Multiline Style (
) (. 5.16).
. Styles ()
.
, :

Set Current ();

New ();
i f Multiline Style
Curent MuMine Style: STANDARD
tyles:

una

STANDARD

SetCijrfenl
New,..
Modify...

Rename
Description:

delete
Load.
Save:.

Previewof: OTHER

Eelp

A
. 5.16. Multiline Style

Modify ();

Rename ();

Delete ();

Load ();

Save ().

285

Description ()
, 255 .
Preview of () Multiline Style (
) .
mln
. Load () Load
Multiline Styles ( ).
.

acad.mln mln
Multiline Style ( ) (. . 5.16) Save
().
. ,
, STANDARD,
.
New (). Create New
Multiline Style ( ) (. 5.17).

1 Create New Multiline Style


New Style Name:
.; Start With:
Continue

|TRIPLE

| STANDARD

Cancel

IA

. 5.17. Create New Multiline Style

,
, TRIPLE ( ).
New Multilne Style ( )
(. 5.18).
Description () , .
(
) STANDARD.
Elements () , ,
. : Offset (), Color (), Linetype ( ).

286

TRIPLE ,
STANDARD.
. 2 , -1 .
, Offset ( ), Elements (),
2 ( Offset (),
).

| | N e w Multiline Style: TRIPLE


Descrietion

; ^

Start

End
j" " .

Line::
i 0_utef re;:

xl

'''''

; Irrnet arcs:

Angle:

J90 0C

Offset

^olor ,.

ft5-i-'-Jv"
0.5

BYLAYER .:%Lay
BYLAYER ByLayer

Linetype

' |90.00

&dd

uetete

. ; / ' " ;

:rf*fef/4
,; 0 1 color:

JDNone

'X Display joints: -

zJ :

Offset'
Color
Linetype'

;;;

OK : ,

: j0.500
] ByLayer
Linotype...

Cancel

d i

>"HHelp

. 5.18. New Multiline Style

Elements () ,
-0,5 .
2, Offset ().
Offset () , . . -0,5 .
Offset () - 1 . ,
.
, BYLAYER
() . <
, Color () .
.
. <
Add (). , : , BYLAYER ()
ByLayer (). . ive . ,
, Linetype ( ).
. (, BATTIING

287

()). .
. .
:

Display joints ( );

Caps ();

Fill ().

Display joints ( ),
.
Caps () () .
(
Line ()), ( Outer arc ( )). Inner
arcs ( ) ,
. ,
, Angle (). Fill ()
, On ()
.
Display joints ( ),
, .
90. Fill () , . .
.
New Multilne Style ( ), .
, Multiline Style ( )
, .
MLINE () .
, . 5.19.

. 5.19.

288

5.4.
AutoCAD .
Styles () (. . 5.1) [. Standard,
.
TABLESTYLE (),

Styles (), Table Style ( ) Format
(), Table Style ( ) (. 5.20).

Current Taolestyle: Standard


Preview of: Standard

Styles:

Set Cerent

New...,

Title
Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

Data
Data
Data

Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

Modify..

List:

3
Close

Help

. 5.20. Table Style

Current Tablestyle ( )
, Styles ()
. List ( ) 1 (), a Styles in use ( ), Styhs
() , ,
.
Preview of () ,
. :

Set Current () ,
Styles ();

New () ;

Modify () ;

Delete () , Styles ().

289

Standard.
( )
New (). Create New Table Style
( ) (. 5.21).

{Create New Table Style


Hew Styte Name: }1|
Stail With:

Continue

(standard

Cancel

a
j

. 5.21. Create New Table Style


ofStandard ( Standard), New Style Name ( )
(, !.).
, Start With ( )
. Continue (). New
Table Style ( ),
. : ,
.
Data () (. 5.22).
.
. General ()
Table direction ( ),
,
:

Down () ;

Up () .

Cell margins ( ) :
Horizontal ( ) Vertical ( ).
Data () :

Cell properties ( );

Border properties ( ).
Cell properties ( )
:

Text style ( ) ; |
Text Style ( ) (. . 5.2)
;

Text height ( ) ;

. 326

290

Text color ( ) ;

Fill color ( ) ;

Alignment ()
(Top Left ( ), Top Center ( ), Top Right ( ),
Middle Left ( ), Middle Center ( ), Middle Right
( ), Bottom Left ( ), Bottom Center ( ),
Bottom Right ( ));

Format1 () ( ).

New Table Style. !

Data

j Column Heads | TRte

Ceti pioperties

Title

Foi all data row:


Text $tyfe.

'.

Text hgiflbt:

J4.5

T 6x1 olof:

(ByBlock

fit) color

] None

Alignment:

) Top Center

Fcrmat

General

,. M
j

Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

Data
Data

Header
Data
Data
Da-la
Da-ta
Da-ta
Data
Data
Da-ta

Header
Da-ta
Data
Da-ta
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

General

M 1 1 J J
Giid jine weight;
&rid cole:

"3

Table g%ection

oidei properties

ByBlock
ByBlock

i CeH margins
jrj .

Horizontal'
. Vertical.

OK

Cancel-

Help

. 5.22. New Table Style, Data

Border properties ( ) Data ()


.
.
(Grid lineweight ( ) Grid color
( )), ,
, :

291

( );

| +1 ;
;
| .
ByBlock (),
.
Column Heads ( ) (. 5.23).

New Table Style: !


Data Heads]] Tide
i Cell properties
| include Header tow

Title

Text style;

j Standard

Text height:

145

TextcxjJor:

] ByBlock

' JDNone

ffl color: '

Alignment:

| Middle Centet

Ffiimat

General

~3_J |

. .

"ii.-i
3

3.'

A[

Border properties

Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data.
Da-to

Header
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

Header
Data
Data
Da-to
Data
Data
Data
Data
Data

Data
Data

General

JDown

Table (jjirectibh:

Tj

jij. _Oj _+J _j


Ceff margins '
Grid lineiiveight:
Grrd color:

] ByBlock

3
3

Horizontal:

h-5

Vertical:

11-5;

OK

Cancel

Help

. 5.23. New Table Style, Column Heads

Cell properties ( )
Border properties ( ),
. Include Header row ( ),
.
Title ( ) (. 5.24) Cell pro
perties ( ) Border properties ( ),

292

.5

. Include Title row (


), .
New Table Style: !
Data

I Column Heads Title

Cell properties
P indude.Trtle row
Text jtyle:

Title

~3_J

[Standard

Text height:

Text obt:

(ByBlock

zl

FiH cola:

JD None

zl

Alignment:

| Middle entec

Famac

Header
Da-to
Da-to
Da-ta
Da-ta
Da-ta
Data
Da-ta
Dai a

Data
Da-to

Border properties

Heoder
Data
Data
Data
Do-to
Do-to
Data

General

Header
Da-ta
Data
Data
Daia
Data
Da-ta
Data
Data

[Down3

Gj
margins

Grid lineweight:

ByBlock

find color:

! ByBlock

Horizontal:

|iF
Cancel

Help

. 5.24. New Table Style, Title

,
Close () Table Style ( ). \
Styles () (. . 5. .
, ,
TABLED1T (), 3.
, PROPERTIES
(), 4.
Modify () Table Style ( ) . Modify Table Style (
) New Table Style ( ).
Delete () Table Style ( )
. Standard.

293

5.5.
AutoCAD .
(. 5,25), ADCENTER (),
Standard ()
Tools | DesignCenter ( | DesignCenter).
<Ctrl>+<2>.

mm

Foktes jOpertDiawngs

Histoiji

Folder List'
:

x |
Ex

Press

Analog
i Integrated.
S Q Help
H
! ir Plot Styles
11
r 3 p|otters
0"C2i Sample
Fasteners i 3 ActiveX
Metric, dwg
*r^) Database Connect
. L+; DestgnCentei
&2& Dynamic Blocks
I - Sheet Sets

: 3
I :
II

DC Online

I]

-
Ml
?M
-'ll
ffl- * l i

VBA
3D House.dwg
Blocks and Tables
Blocks and Tables
colorwh.dwg
rth swnn Hwn

J_

AutoCAD
Textstylesa..

Fasteners
US.dwg

Basic
Electronics..

CMOS
Integrated...

Home - Space
House
Planner, dwg Designer, dwg

Electrical
Power, dwg

i icating

Ventilation Air
Conditioning, d

zl

fSas
Last saved by: Autodesk

*12007\1\51(1?^

. 5.25. DESIGNCENTER, Folders

DESIGNCENTER ( )
I, ADCCLOSE (),

Q .
DESIGNCENTER ( )
, . :

Folders () ,
;

Open Drawings ( )
,
;

History ()
;

DC Online (DC Online)


Autodesk; -

294

AutoCAD, !-.
,
:
(
);
> ();
();
' ;
*. (, .);
| Autodesk, AutoCAD
Favorites ();
- DesignCenter,
Sample AutoCAD;
- (
);
-
( ,
);
-
(, );
" (Large
icons ( ), Small icons ( ), List () Details
()).

AutoCAD DESIGNCENTER (
)
, (
).
DESIGNCENTER ( )
, ,
, gjf
Open Drawings ( )
DESIGNCENTER ( )
,
: Blocks (), Dimstyles ( ), Layers (), Layouts (
), Linetypes ( ), Tablestyles ( ), Textstyles (
), Xrefs ( ).

295

, DESIGNCENTER ( ),

. , ,
, , , -.
.
DESIGNCENTER ( )
, PROPERTIES (). Q
. ,
[.
^
.
DESIGNCENTER ( )
TOOL PALETTES ( ) (. 7).

5.6.

, , ,
.
.
.
SAVEAS (), 2,
DWS- ,
AutoCAD 2002. ,
DWS-, , :

CAD Standards
( ) (. 5.26).

.
&,
. 5.26. CAD Standards

:
STANDARDS (),
;

296

- CHECKSTANDARDS (),
;
- LAYTRANS (),
.

MKMPlan.dwg, AutoCAD 2005
Sample. MKMStd.dws,
: , ,
, , .
STANDARDS () /
Standards () Configure Standards ( ) (. 5.27)
Configure Standards
Standards jpiug-tns],
Standards J3es associated with the current drawing:.

description:

Standards File
D:\AutoCAD2005\Sampte
\MKMStd.dw$
T ille
MKMStddws
Comments
CAD Standards sample standard file
Last Modified
25 2003 r
Lact Saved By

|
Check Standards..:

"^fefeJMl
Settings..

OK

Cancel

zJ
Help

. 5.27. Configure Standards, Standards

Standards () ,
.
. ,
Configure Standards ( ) ,
, . ,
- (, , )
(, , ) .
, (, . .) ,
.
, , .
, . 5.27
( ), ( | X |),
( ".' ) ( 3V). -

297

, Select standards file ( ),


dws.
. 5.28 Plug-ins () Configure
Standards ( ).

Configure Standards

Plug-ins. used when checking standards:

description;
Purpose
Checks-that names and properties of dimension
styles in a drawing match those in en associated
standards file.

0 Dimension Styles
P I %5 Layers
p i T.-.viLineti'Des
E3 4b Tex* Styles

Version
20

Publisher
Autodesk, inc.,
http:/Avww.autQdesk.com

Check Standards..

..Settings..

OK.

Cancel

Help

. 5.28. Configure Standards, Plug-ins

Dimension
Styles ( ), Layers (), Linetypes ( ), Text Styles (
).

,
CHECKSTANDARDS ().
CHECKSTANDARDS ()
.
Check Standards ().
.
Settings (), Configure
Standards ( ) (. . 5.28), CAD Standards
Settings ( ) (. 5.29).
CAD Standards Settings ( )
. Notification settings ( )
,
( STANDARDSVIOLATION):
Disable standards notifications ( )
;

298

5
CAD Standards Settings
Notification settings
^tsable standards notifications
Display ajeit upon standards violation
< (* Display standards status bar icon

, Check Standards settings


: V Automatically fix non-standatd properties
:

(7 jShow ignored problems

: Preferred standards file to use for replacements:


| JMKMStddws

m
. 5.29. CAD Standards Settings

Display alert upon standards violation (


) ,
;

Display standards status bar icon (


) [||. ,
.

Check Standards settings ( )


,
:

Automatically fix non-standard properties (


)
;

Show ignored problems ( )


, ,
;

Preferred standards file to use for replacements (


) ,
.

AutoCAD
DwgCheckStandards.exe, , AutoCAD,
.
Start ()
Programs | Autodesk | AutoCAD 2007 | Batch Standards Checker (
Autodesk | AutoCAD 2007 | ).

299

LAYTRANS (), Jp
CAD Standards ( ) (. . 5.26),
( ).

5.7. 5
1. DESIGNCENTER ( ):
True Type.dwg,
Sample AutoCAD.

Home Space Planner.dwg,


Sample\DesignCenter.

2. :

Arial.

( ).

Standard, txt.shx
Wingdings. .
?



.
DWF-,
.

6.1.
( ),
AutoCAD, (
) AutoCAD. >
.
, ,
AutoCAD.
.
AutoCAD, ,
. (. .
AutoCAD) ,
.
, AutoCAD, ,
, OPTIONS (
). Options ()
Tools (), ,
,
. OPTIONS ()
Options () (. 6.1).
' , AutoCAD
12. Plot and

301

Publish (/) (. 6.2),


: .
DWF-, ,
. . . .

Current profile:

<<UnriarnedProfile>>

'* Current drawing:

Drawmgl.dwg

j fife*_ j l Display) Open and Save j Plot and Publish | System} User Preferences] Drafting) 3D Modeling, J Selection j Profiles]
Search paths,file names, and file locations'.
growse...

":; '+ ^ j Support File Search Path


ii fe Working Support File Search Path
- !] ^
+
'":

ii 0

Project Files Search Path


Customization Files

;+ ^

Help and Miscellaneous File Names

ll 0

Text Editor. Dictionary, and Font File Names

ffi

:''?: i+i Q

Add...

Device Driver File Search Path

1_J

Print File, Spooler, and Prolog Section Names


Printer Support File Path

iS fe Automatic Save File Location


Hrj f ^ | Color Book Locations
+" 1 ^ Data Sources Location
ffl

Template Settings

+r ^ ] Tool Palettes File Locations


+' ^
.

'

'

Authorinq Palette File Locations


.

. ' . .

'

"

JZj

Specify the folders in which AutoCAD should look for text fonts, customization files, plugins,
... drawings fo hsert, linetypes, and hatch patterns that ate not in the current folder.
OR .; 1:

'Cancel.'

..'..:,. Apply : " " ' ' . . ' tWp

. 6.1. Options, Files

Default plot settings for new drawings (


) ,
.
: Use as default output device ( ) Use
last successful plot settings ( ).
,
, AutoCAD (. 6.3).
, , :
Lexmark X74-X75, CAPTURE FAX BVRP, Default Windows System Printer.pc3,
DWF6 ePlot.pc3, DWG To PDF.pc3, PDF.pc3, PublishToWeb JPG.pc3.
, ,
DWG ( , PDF').

302

6
kytipiions

B Q

^Current profile:: ' "'4<<tJnnAfned^o(fe>>

*\

Currentdrawing:

DrawingVdwg

Files j Display] Open and Save [-PS* an'dPubTshjj s y s (, j UserPrefeiences 1 Drafting] 30 Modelingj Selection] Profiles]

: d Use as default output device


''.';-Lem

'.';

: ' When changing the plot device:

-2': .'^'J .;'"'.' ^^'-Se^brtiieMxA'ifewitjV':*

-;::'t:X:Uielast^^pW*ii"-

Use the plot de vitas paper sije

Add or.Configure plotters...

System printej spool alert:.


r

""

..ii

, . , ,

OLE plotauality:'

i fiefauit location fa plot to We operations:


:

'y'.'l/j/jCADocunentsatxlSettingsVAdmiriistratotLINIvER.
.''. '":''
.'

i _

::ip-}$:'.

'

'

"

'

"

','

' : .

"

'

"

Plotting ;

f~

Use OLE application when plotting OLE .


bbiects ,

~ Hjdsystem printers.

P? Publishing

/ Plot and publish log file, -;


!

'"**.

..'/. Enable background plot when:


.J

] Automatically select
; i ::

f* Printable area, -

Edge of paper

R Automatical save plot and publish tog


\

Plot Stamp Settings...

t^ Save one sontinuous plot log


(~Savedne.logper plot

' ' PotS_tyle Table Settings..;

. '
,,; OK

Cancel

, : , Apply

::'Hetp' :

. 6.2. Options, Plot and Publish

Lexmark X74-X75

S> CAPTURE FAX BVRP


Default Windows System Printer.pc3
DWF6 ePlot.pc3
DWG To PDF.pc3
PDF.pc3
PublishToWebJPG.pc3

. 6..

, AutoCAD
, Windows ,
DWF, PDF, JPG,
PNG.
,
Add or Configure Plotters ( ) (.
. 6.2). Plotters,
(. 6.4).
,
.
Plot to file ( ) Options () (.
. 6.2) , ( -

303

AutoCAD ,
).

^. 6.4. Plotters

Background processing options ( )


( (Plotting)
(Publishing)), AutoCAD
, .
Plot and publish log file ( )
Automatically save plot and publish log (
),
. :

Save one continuous plot log ( )


;

Save one log per plot ( )


.

General plot options ( )


.
When changing the plot device ( ):

Keep the layout paper size if possible ( ( ) );

Use the plot device paper size ( ).

.
System printer spool alert ( )
,
. -

304

. ,
,
. ,
,
,
.
(
, ,
AutoCAD).
OLE plot quality ( OLE) Use OLE
application when plotting OLE objects ( OLE- OLE- i
,
(Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel .).
. 8. Hide system printers (He
) (. . 6.3) ,
Windows ( Lexmark
74-75 CAPTURE FAX BVRP).
Specify plot offset relative to ( )
, : Printable
area ( ) Edge of paper ( ).
Plot and Publish (
/) (
) ( . 6.3).
Plot and Publish (
/) Apply (),
.

AutoCAD (),
.
AutoCAD
, Hewlett-Packard, Xerox, CalComp, a
PDF, (JPEG,
BMP, PNG, TGA) PostScript, .

Autodesk
Plotter Manager ( Autodesk).
PLOTTERMANAGER ()
File | Plotter Manager ( | ). PLOTTERMANAGER
(), Windows, Plotters (. . 6.4),
Documents and Settings.
: Control Panel ( )
Windows Autodesk Plotter Manager (
Autodesk).

305

Plotters Add-A-Plotter Wizard ( )


.
Tools | Wizards | Add Plotter (
| | ).

6.2.
AutoCAD,
.

Standard () File | Plot ( | ).


PLOT ().
PLOT () Plot ()
(. 6.5).
Plot

Model

Page setup
ft

\0 Lexmark X74-X75

Plotter:

Lexmark X74-X7S windows System Dwet - b? Autodesk^

...!. v :

i.r.L'.U;

4d,..

jjj

Priorities

'g Oescripttofir ':


\ ||1!
Number of copies

' Paper <5


IA4

'i

"71
Plot :

V to paper
iDisplay
Pl:t offset (origin set to pUntatfc ,

: : .[.

:mm j

:ettetheplot

-J

'

. 6.5. Plot

:
, , .

306

, , , .
(. 6.6), ( j )
<>+<8>+ ">".

Plot- Model

" - ) . - ' t e a m about Plotting''.-' .''"


Page setup

;:'";'"'"'.

Name: .

|<None

..Printer/plotter'""
: yWarjje;

J monochrome

"

stb

Zl>\'\
-i j

Shaded viewport options"'-""" '

\$& Lexmark X74-X75

Plotter:.
Where;

Ptot style table (pen assignments)

' Shade plot '

Lexmark X74-X75 - Wintfows System Driver - b y Autodesk

-,

; Quality

|e

. USB001

JAs displayed
. J Custom

DPI

17 Plot in background

''
Jj;v'(

1300

} Deserlptioh: .-.'...
" Plot t o ile

SPaper'sfge

Number of copies
P

"3

|A4

Plot area :

What to plot:
^Display

Plat with plot stylgs

I
"~3

F(t to paper

7 Plot stamp op,

zl

Scale: l : t

5a^a changes to layout

Drawing orientation

Plot offset '{origin.set to printable area)

<~ Portrait

{".Renter the plot

(* Landscape

0.00

" Plot upside;down

P/evieW

Apply to layout

' .Cancel

Help

. 6.6. Plot ( )

Page setup ( )
(
. ) . Add
() Add Page Setup (
) (. 6.7).

Page Setup
tjew setup name:

\
|

QK

Cancel

Help

. 6.7. Add Setup

307

, New page
setup name ( ). .
Name () Page setup ( )
(. . 6.6)
, <Previous plot> (< >)
, Import ()
.
Printer/plotter (/)
Name () . Plotter
(), Where () Description ()
. Properties ()
Plotter Configuration Editor ( ),
(
). , Plot to file (
). ,
Options () (. . 6.2).
Paper size ()
, Number of copies ( )
.
Plot area ( ) What
to plot ( ) ,
(
Model ()):

Display () ,
;
Extents () , . .
, (
);

Limits () ;

View () ( .
10); View ()
, ;

Window () ,
; Window (),

( AutoCAD
).

Window () :
Specify window for printing
Specify first corner:
(
:)

308

( ) .

Specify opposite corner:
( .)
. AutoCAD
Plot ().
Model (), ,
What to plot ( ) Limits ( j
View () Layout ().
Plot offset ( ) Center the ploi
()
( X Y)
Center the plot () , AutoCAD
. i
X Y (
).
Plot scale ( ) (. . 6.7)
. Fit to paper (),
, ,
,
AutoCAD .
Fit to paper () , Scale
() : 1:1, 1:2, 1:4,
1:8, 1:10, 1:16, 1:20, 1:30, 1:40, 1:50, 1:100,2:1,4:1, 8:1, 10:1, 100:1 .
. .
Custom (.).
Model () Fit to paper (),
1:1. ( )
.
, ,
1:27.5, 1,
mm (), 27.5 (units (. .)).
Scale lineweights ( ) Plot scale (
) ,
. , (
), .
,
Plot () (. . 6.6).
Plot style table (pen assignments) ( )

309

( . ). / j
. ,
New () .
Shaded viewport options ( )
. Shade
plot ( ) : As displayed (),
Wireframe (), Hidden ( ), 3D Hidden' (3M ), 3D Wire
frame1 ( ), Conceptual1 (), Realistic' (),
Rendered (), Draft1 (), Low' ( ), Medium1
( ), High1 ( ), Presentation1 (
). As displayed ()
, (, ,
, . .).
, .
Quality ()
.
:

Draft () ,
;

Preview ()
25% , 150 dpi ( );

Normal ()
50% , 300 dpi ( );

Presentation ()
100% , 600 dpi ( );

Maximum ()
;

Custom () .

DPI (/)
.
Plot options ( ) :

Plot in background ( )
, ;

Plot object lineweights ( )


; Plot with plot styles
( );

Plot with plot styles ( ) ;

310

l5

Plot paperspace last ( ) ,


:
( . 11);

Hide paperspace objects ( )


(. 11);

Plot stamp on ( ) (
); -
;

Save changes to layout ( )


.

Drawing orientation ( )
.
: Portrait () Landscape ().
180, Plot upside-down ().
Plot (),
.
Preview () Plot () (. . 6.6) "
(. 6.8).

. 6.8.

,
. ,

311

, ,
. - <Esc> <Enter>.
, . 6.9.
, ,
Exit () Plot (), Plot
() .
Exit
Plot
Pan
/ Zoom
Zoom Window
Zoom Original
. 6.9.

-Cancel Sheet,
Cancel Entire Job.:.
View Plot and.Publish DetaSs,,
ViewDWFFSe.,
v Enable Balloon Notification
. 6.10.

Plot
(),
Standard ()
File | Plot Preview ( | ),
PREVIEW ().
Apply to Layout ( )
.
,
Plot () (. . 6.6)
. ,
] . ,
(. 6.10).
:

Cancel Sheet ( )
;
Cancel Entire Job ( ) (
);
View Plot and Publish Details ( /)
;

View DWF File ( DWF-) DWF-


( DWF-);
Enable Balloon Notification ( )
.

.
|.
Plot and Publish Details

312

( /) (. 6.11).
y j .
Plot and Publish Details ( /)
. Copy to Clipboard ( ],
Windows
.
, View ()
() Errors Only ( ).
Plot and Publish Details
^ Copy to Clipboard
Q j o b : -Plotted
Job ID: 1
Sheet set name:
Date and time started: 02,04.2006 19:21:47
Date and time completed: 02.04.2006 19:24:19
UserlD: Administrator
Profile ID: <<Unnamed P r o f i l e
Total sheets: 1
Sheets plotted: 1
Number of errors: 0
Number of warnings: 0
V [ 3 Sheet: 3D House-Model - Plotted
File: D:VAutoCAD2007\Sample\3D House.dwg
Category name:
Page setup:
Device name: Lexmark X74-X75
Plot file path:
Paper size: Letter
Close;

il

Help

. 6.11. Plot and Publish Details

Printer/plotter (/) Plot ()


Plot to file ( ),
PLT-.

6.2.1.
,
On () Plot stamp () (. . 6.6), i
Plot () , PLOTSTAMP (
). Plot Stamp ( ),
. 6.12.
Preview () ,
.

313

Plot Stamp
Preview-:

Plot stamp .fields


!? Dfavwigrjame

W Device name

iayout name

Is? ate and Time

" PlotscaJe

Papet size

. " Login

.
Use* defined fields'
{

Add/Edit

Plot stamp pararnetei file


. CADocuments and Settings\Administiator.UNIVERSAL\Appli

Advanced

Load

Cancel

Save As

Help

. 6.12. Plot Stamp

,
. .
( ) Plot stamp
fields ( ):

Drawing name ( );

Layout name ( );

Date and Time ( );

Login name ();

Device name ();

Paper size ( );

Plot scale ( ).

.
.
,
, User defined
fields ( ).
Add/Edit (/),
User Defined Fields ( )
(. 6.13).
,
. Add () , -

314

Edit () , Delete ()
.
liter Defined Fields
Usei defined field?
Nair.e

Add

Edit/.
Celete

J
OK

Cancel

Help

. 6.13. User Defined Fields

,
User defined fields ( ) (.
. 6.12) <> (<>).
Plot stamp parameter file ( )
pss, .
Loal
(), PSS Save As ().
PSS-
, .
(, . .)
Advanced () (. . 6.12).

6.2.2.
SCALELISTEDIT ()
, , ,
.
SCALELISTEDIT () Edit
Scale List ( ) (. 6.14).
,
(, ) .

315

(, 0.333), (
, 1:27).
:

Add () ;

Edit () ;

Move Up ()
;

Move Down ()
;

Delete () ;

Reset ()
.

. 6.14. Edit Scale List

6.3.
,
.
, .
, , .
.
. AutoCAD
, .
: .
,
.

316

Plot and Publish (/) Options (


) (. . 6.2) ,
. Plot Style
Table Settings ( ),
. Plot Style Table Settings (
) (. 6.15).

ftffiPlot Style Table Settings


Default plot style behavior for new drawings
Use cola dependent plot styles
(* :Use Darned plot -styles!

& pioc styte <aoie settings


Default plot style table:

zJ

jNone
Default plot style for Jayef ft

I J Normal
Default plot style for objects.

JByLayer

Add or Edit Plot Style Tables..

OK

Cancel

Help

. 6.15. Plot Style Table Settings

Default plot style behavior for new drawings (


) : Use
color dependent plot styles ( ) Use named plot styles
( ).
.
.
,
Plot Style Control ( ) Properties
(). , Plot Style
Control ( ) .
Current plot style table settings ( )
Plot Style Table Settings ( ) ^
:

Default plot style table ( )


(
ctb stb
);

317

Default plot style for layer 0 ( 0)


0 ,
AutoCAD ;

Default plot style for objects ( )


, ,
.


Add or Edit Plot Style Tables ( )
Plot Style Table Settings ( ).

STYLESMANAGER () File | Plot Style
Manager ( | ). Plot Styles (. 6.16).

Plot Styles

*>

^
.:,'-1

' j _, caiiun Da'^utodeskUuloOD 20074R17 ihenuSPIol Stylet J

. j

[ acad

acad
pendent Plot

Add-A-Plot Style Table Wizard

S i * T -'. File

iX) Plot SSi

S ?
i Autodesk-Color
J AutoCAD Pi,;,; Stj.ie Table File

I DWF Virtual Pens


| J " y \ I Auto
..,,,.'.!' I'-..-, -".penden' Plot.

I Grayscab
I AutoCAD C^b! dependent Rot.
' 5

to-dependent Pit

"7

| monochrome
Au!oL*<> hr<-j. ' H * i >.

i monochrome
AutoCAC Cotoideperetentf

2/
[ Screening 50%
M-.teDr.d<?r.; PW

1 Screening 25
| " " " j AutoCAD nior-deperident Plot.
) . ,:.:.:' , -;v.i , :j.A

~~ ~* Screening 752;
i * " " 1 AutoCAD O-iadependent Plot

'

"] Screening 100


" \0 Cokx-<teperider(t Plot

i"Z7'
. 6.16. Plot Styles

[i^j ( ctb) y|5J


( stb). , >( Add-A-Plot Style
Table Wizard ( ),
.

318

Tools | Wizards ( | ) Add Plot Style


Table ( ) Add Color-Dependent Plot Style Table
( ) ( Add Named Plot Style Table (
)) .
. 6.2, Plot style table
(pen assignments) ( ) Plot ()
(, acad.ctb),
>

New () .
, 255 (
AutoCAD), ,
, . ,
. ),
, .,
, .
True Color ( ) ,
Color Books ( ) (. 4) AutoCAD
(
1255), .
acad.ctb,
acad.ctb Plot Styles (. . 6.16).
Plot Style Table Editor (
), General ().
Apply global scale factor to non-ISO linetypes (
, ISO),
Scale factor ()
.
Plot Style Table Editor (
) . Table View ()
(. 6.17).
(Color 1 ( 1), 12 (2),...),
. :
Name ();

Description ();

Color ();
Enable dithering ( );

Convert to grayscale ( );
Use assigned pen # ( );
Virtual pen # ( );
Screening ();

319

Linetype ( );

Adaptive adjustment ( );

Lineweight ( );

Line End Style ( );

Line Join style ( );

Fill Style ( ).
0 3 Plot Style Table Editoi - acad.ctb
eneial I Table'View]] Form View)

|
Name

Color 1

Color

Use object coloi

Use object color

Enable dithering,

On

On

On

Convert to grayscale

Off

Off

lOff
! Automatic]

Color 2

Color

Description

Use assigned pen

Automatic

Automatic

Virtual pen ft

Automatic

Automatic

Screening

100

100

j Useob|ec;.

Automatic I
00

Linetype

Use object linetype

Use object linetype

Adaptive adjustment

On

On

Lrieweight

Use object lineweight Use object lineweight j Useobjec

Use ob|ecf
| On

Line End Style

Use object end style I Use object end style : Useob|ftc

Line Join style

Use object join style

. U se object join style

U se ob|ec.;

Fifl Style

Use object fill style

;Use object fill style

Use obiecs

-ill

Editynevseights... I

Save Close '

Cancel',

Save As.,.

Metp

. 6.17. Plot Style Table Editor, Table View

.
.
Automatic ().
, ,
. AutoCAD
.
.
Form View ()
(. 6.18).

320

6
H I Plot Style Table Editor - acad.ctb
General] Table View E ? I ^ ? ^ |
. i o t S t y l e s : ' ,

Zl

HI

Zl

El

Color 1
Color 2
Color 3
Color 4
Color b
Color 6
Color 7
Color 8
Color 9
Color 10
Color 11
Color 12
Color 13
Color 14
Color 15

Properties

E u l w : |lJseobje :t colot

l
,|

BJhen: ''J0n
J Off

Penjt:

(Automatic

Virtual pen :

[Automatic

3:
3

grayscale:

Screening: j ioo

Lmejype; / j se object retype


Adaptiye:. j

zl

Qeseiiptferr

Line and style: j

"3

Uneseight: juseobje ct lireweight


U s e object e n d s

ye

Line join, s t * j Use object join style


style: Juseobject fill style

Edit Ljneweights...

':? S a w * s

3
3
3
H
3
I

Save t* Close

. 6.18. Plot Style Table Editor, Form View

Table View (). Save & Close (


& ).
, i
, ,
. Normal ()
,
, .

6.4.
.
, . "
" "",
.
( )
DWF.
( DWG-),

321

Autodesk DWF Viewer,


AutoCAD.

6.4.1.
3DDWF V
Standard () DWG- (. .
Model ()) DWF-.
DWF-
.
Autodesk DWF Viewer, ,
( . 6.19 3D House.dwg
Sample AutoCAD).
latAutodesk DWF Viewei - CADocuments and Settings\Adminisliatoi UNIVERSALAMcm ^...

File Edit View lools Help


i

;** % *

11 J.3D House

. 6.19. DWF-


, ,
. 6.19.
, , (,
. .), ( 10).
DWF- (
DWF6 ePlot.pc3). PUBLISH

3DDWFPUBLISH.
11 . 326

322

(), File | Publish ( | DWF),


Standard ().
,
. . 11, 12.

6.4.2. Autodesk DWF Viewer


Autodesk DWF Viewer npi
AutoCAD
Start | Programs | Autodesk | Autodesk DWF Viewer ( | |
Autodesk | Autodesk DWF Viewer). AutoCAD /
DWF- .

6.4.3. DWF-

DWF- DWG-.
(DWF-) DWFATTACH'
(), Insert | DWF Underlay2 ( | DWF-)
3 laJ Insert (). Attach DWF Underlay ( DWF-) (. 6.20).
, :
DWF- (. . ).
Name ()
, Browse (),
.
, .
, ,
Path Type ( ), :
Full path ( ), Relative path ( ), No path (
). ,

AutoCAD ( . 12).
DWF- ,
(. . 6.20) ,
.
, X, Y Z . Insertion point ( ), Scale (),
1

.
.
3
.
2

323

g j J A U a c h D W F Undeilay
.Jti^rnw J Manufacturing Sheet Set
Found, irr.

~\

firowse,,

D:\AutoCAD2007\SamfleSSheet Sets\Manufa..AManufacturing Sheet Seldwf

Saved path; . D;SAutoCAD2007NSample\SheetSets\M..AManufactwinB Sheet Seldwf


Select a sheet from (he DWF Irk

PatoType

01 Cover Sheet
02 Drive Roller Asly Lower
03 Drive Roller Sub Assy
04 Brush Rollers ub Assy

.| Full path

06 Roller Drive Assly


07 Intermittent Roller Sub Assy, of
08 Floating Ball Sub Assy
09 Drive Roller (Brush)
10 Drive Roller (Fix)
11 Bearing Block_Slide
12 Bearing Sprt Plate
13 Top Plate
Zi

Scale"
Spficify on-screen

Insertion Doint
Specify on-screen
X:

Rotation:

[0

f~ Specify on-screen

Angle: "

OK

Help

Cancel

. 6.20. A t t a c h D W F U n d e r l a y

AutoCAD

2007 - fDiawingl.dwg]

%:4e dt Yrevy Insert Fsrmat look rew . Modify Express Window; Help

4 ~ Vj & V - ,-i S J f
ffl AutoCAD Classic

j i | ByLayer

* 4

I 4 *. t *jt U L\

il:

3,.'

'I
ByLayetVjij

ByLayer^]jj

ByLayer

orumand:
Command:
32738381.29448*47,00000

J SNAP: GRID' 0RTH0 |POLAR OSNAP-|oTRACK JDUCS [BYN LWT;|MODEL


. 6.21. DWF-

A>^an^

U!

Vj'

324

Rotation angle (), -


Specify on-screen ( )
Attach DWF Underlay ( DWF).
. 6.21 DWF-.
, .
- , . 6.21,
.

.

6.5. PDF
2007 ,
PDF, Adobe.
(. . 6.3),
,
Autodesk ePlot (PDF).

6.6. 6
1. Model 3D House.dwg ( Sample
AutoCAD) :

( ).

( ).

2. , :

3. :

,
.

,
( Grayscale.ctb), .

DWG-

.
, ,
.
,
.
, . ,
, .
.
.
,
, ,
, . .
.
.
DWG- DWG- ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
, .

. ,

.
.
,
Windows.

326

7.1.
.
, .

7.1.1.
, I
( 10 ).
( 5 ).
.
Element6. . 7.1 ,
.

. 7.1. , Element6

, BLOCK
(). Draw (), Draw | Block | Make (
| | ).
BLOCK () Block Definition (
). (. 7.2).
Name () (
) , Element6.
, (
).
AutoCAD .
, .
255 . EXTNAMES
( 1), 31
( . 12).
AutoCAD, ,
.
AutoCAD.
Base point ( )
( ). -

DWG-

327

, X, Y Z.
, -4 Pick point
().
( ).
, X, Y Z
( 0,0,0).
Objects () , ,
. J$ Select objects ( )
; ( ) (. . 7.1),
.
, Select objects (
), ,
:

Retain () ,
;

Convert to block ( )
;
Delete () .

, , Convert to block ( ).
[7Block Definition
Name.

|Element6
, Base point

Objects ;-:-.;;

J[J Pick poult

; jft

i 1-

Selec] objects.

t>

etdin

f* , onveit to block

fielete
5 objects selected

: Settings -

Block ynit:
] Millimeters

cale unifotmiy

Allow expjoding

Description:
?

zl
Hypefjbk...
f fipen in block editor
OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.2. Block Definition

328

No objects selected ( )
Objects () n objects selected (
: ), .
.
Block Definition ( )
, .
!
.
5.
Block units ( ) Settings ()
.
Millimeters ().
:

Scale uniformly ( )
;

Allow exploding ( )
.

Description ()
. Hyperlink ()
. Open in block editor ( ),
Block Definition ( )
( ).

Element6.
,
. Objects () Convert to blocl
( ), , ,
.
, , , ?
( ,
). (
) , . .
(, . .).
( ),
. ,
.
, EXPLODE
() ( , ).

7.1.2.
. INSERT
(), Block () Insert
(), @ (),

DWG-

329

H I Draw (). ,
J&) Insert
() (. 7.3).

S3,;

5"-, ?..:! US

. 7.3. Insert

Ri ,
,
, , (
Insert ()).
INSERT ().
,
INSERT (),

Insert ( ) (. 7.4).

( ).
Name () .
. (.
. 7.4) Element6,
.
. ,
.
Browse () ,
. Path ()
, .

JElemenlG

~3

\3:

Srowse

Path:
Insertion point
:
" [Specify Qn-scteeri

F
1 i~~ Specify On-screen

jr

; * |

& |i

i Angle:

jo

J I f~

'! X


1 In i t :

[Millimeters

| Factor:

l jo

|i

! 2: i1
" Uniform Scale

f " Explode

OK

Specjfy On-screen ;

Cancel

. 7.4. Insert

. Help

330

Insertion point ( ) ,
. Specify
On-screen ( ),
. , X,
Z, .
. 55
.
Scale ()
, . :;
( ", Y 2) 1, ,
, . -
1, ,
1 .
(
). Specify On-screen ( ) ,
!
, (
)
. Uniform Scale ( ), Y 2,
(), , X,
.
Rotation ( )
( ). *
, .
Specify On-screen ( ) ,
. Angle ()
.
Block Unit ( ) ,
.
Explode (),
Insert ( ),
.

.
(. . ).
Insert (
) . Insertion point ( )
Specify On-screen ( ),
Insert ( ) AutoCAD 1:

1
2006 : PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate
(//nY/nZ/nnoBopoT).

DWG-

331

Specify insertion point or [Basepoint/Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate]:


( [ //X/Y/Z/nOeopom]':)
,
, ,
( . 7.5).


. 7.5.

(
, ),
. , ,
,
<i>
.
:

Basepoint ( )
( "" );

Scale () ;

X (X) X;

Y (Y) Y;

Z (Z) Z;

Rotate () .

Insert ( )
, :
Enter X scale factor, specify opposite corner, or [Corner/XYZJ <1>:
( , [/XYZ] <!>:)
,
X.
,
. ,
6,2 X, 3,97 0
Z,

332

: 6.2, 3.97, 1.0. , Z


, . . 1.
Corner ()
. XYZ .
X, 5
:
Enter Y scale factor <useXscale factor>:
( no Y < >:)

:
Specify rotation angle <0>:
( <0>.)
. 7.6 Element6,
.

. 7.6. Element6

(-INSERT
(-)), , . .
. :
Enter block name or [?J <ELEMENT6>:
( [?] <ELEMENT6>:)

. ,
<Enter>, ,
, .
.
,
. MINSERT (). ,

DWG-

333

, (
ARRAY ()). MINSERT ()
, INSERT (), :
Enter number of rows () <]>:
( () <}>:)
()
.
Enter number of columns (\\\) <1>:
( (\\[) <!>:)
.
Enter distance between rows or specify unit cell ():
( ():)
, ,
, ,
.
(. . ),
:
Specify distance between columns (\\\):
( (\\\):)
. 7.7 (
). , MINSERT (),
EXPLODE ().

. 7.7.

334

INSERT ()
,
. Insert ( )
Browse () (. . 7.4), . ( dwg), 1
. ,
d:\our\buildO\zim.dwg. AutoCAD
ZIM, Path () \
Insert ( ) d:\our\buildO\zim.dwg.

.
(
INSBASE).
Insert ( ) Explode (
), ,
.
,
INSERT (). , 5
,
.

7.1.3.


;
,
. Snap to Insert ( ),
Object Snap ( ).
, ,
(, , , ) .
ByBlock (), ,
. ByBlock () . 7.3.
.
, , .
. ,
, (
, ). ,
, ,
.

7.1.4.
(,
)
WBLOCK () . I
Write Block ( ) (. 7.8).

DWG-

335

| | ] Write Block

. | .fibck;
\,C

ntire drawing

. ( Qbjects
I Objects - - :

; Base point.

\ [

| j " 1 Pick point

| l <" fietain

; jj 00

j ) P i onvertloblock

! ! |o

| ! *~ P_elete from drawing

j; j [ n

-i

"

JV j Select objects

} ' ^ j j No objects selected

Eile name and path:

Inseltunits:

"3

(Millimeters
OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.8. Write Block

Source ( )
,
. :

Block ()
, ;

Entire drawing ( )
(
, ,
, . .);

Objects () ,
.

Objects (),
Base point ( ) Objects (),
Block Definition ( ) (.
. 7.2), . Base point ( ) (. 7.8)
.
Objects () ,
, WBLOCK
():

Retain ()
, ;

336

Convert to block ( )
( Destination ()), i
;

Delete from drawing ( ) !


.

Objects () ,
.
Destination ()
, :

File name and path ( )


( new block.dwg); ( )
, Objects ()
Convert to block ( );
(Tj;

Insert units ( ) ,

.

Write Block ( )
AutoCAD .
, ,
(
) .

7.1.5.
,
. ,
,

. AutoCAD ,
ATTRIBUTE DEFINITION ( ),
, (
), .
ATTDEF (),
Draw | Block | Define Attributes ( |
| ). ATTDEF ()
Attribute Definition ( ) (. 7.9).
. ,
.
,
(, 40 30 ,
5 -

DWG-

337

).
. ,
.

iAttribute Definition
Mode

Attribute

" Invisible
Constant

Preset

X:

; PfOQpt:

-3 800

! Vajue:

Insertion Point
" Specify Qn-screen

PROCESSOR

i I**3:

Text Options
1 justification;

| Center

zl \

I Text Sjyte

J Standard

1
2

Height <
flotation <

I5
1

" AJign below previous attribute definition


| 7 Lock position in block
OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.9. Attribute Definition

Attribute
Definition ( ) ATTDEF ().
.
Mode () :

Invisible () (
ATTDISP () . );

Constant () () ,
;

Verify ()
;
Preset () (
),
EATTEDIT () . . 7.3.
Attribute () :

Tag () ( );

Prompt () ,
( AutoCAD ,
);

Value () .

338

( . 2). .1
jgy, .
Insertion Point ( )
. X, Y Z,
Specify On-screen ( ). ;
Attribute Definition (
).
Text Options ( )
, .
Justification (),
.
() PROCESSOR RAM. |
Mode (),
. ,
, .
-3 800 256 .
, Justification (
) Center (). 5 .
Align below previous attribute definition
( ).
,
, .
, .

, Attribute Definition
( ) Lock position in block (
).
, ,
, , . 7.10.

. 7.10.

BLOCK ()
Computer, .
, , .

DWG-

339

INSERT () ,
, .
AutoCAD
:
<-3 800 >:
:
<256 >:
, (, )
, , .
. 7.11 .

. 7.11.

.
EATTEDIT ()
Modify (-2). EATTEDIT
() :
Select a block:
( :)
Enhanced Attribute Editor (
) (. 7.12).
. Attribute ()
, , .
Value ()
Apply () .
Text Options ( )
(, . .), Properties ()
, , , .

340

. 7.12. Enhanced Attribute Editor, Attribute

.
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB), 4. DDEDIT
(), 3, ,
.
Select an annotation object or [Undo]:
( - []:)
. Edit Attribute
Definition ( ) (. 7.13).

[ H i d i t Attribute Definition
Tag;

Prompt:

Default

P-3 800

OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.13. Edit Attribute Definition

Tag (), Prompt (


), Default ( ).

.
Mode () Attribute Definition ( )
(. . 7.9) .
, .
ATTDISP ()
,

DWG-

341

.
:
Enter attribute visibility setting [Normal/ON/OFF] <Normut>:
( [//] <>:)
ON () , OFF () ,
Normal () ,
.
View | Display | Attribute Display ( | | ).
, ATTDISP ().
, ,
BATTMAN (),
$> Modify II (-2) Modify |
Object | Attribute | Block Atrribute Manager ( | | |
). BATTMAN ()
Block Attribute Manager ( ) (. 7.14).

Block Attribute Manager


'[Q Select block

JM

';;,

1; j Computet

Prompt

PROCESSOR

Si>nc

! Default
P-3 800

I Modes!

Move Up

ViiUld2L4:V>:liEi;

Edit...
Remove
j Found in drawing: 3
Settings...

Found in model space" 3


OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.14. Block Attribute Manager

(
. 7.14 Computer).
Block (), J& .
(Tag (), Prompt
() . .).
, Settings ().
( Move Up (), Move Down ()),
( Edit ()), ( Remove ()). Sync
() (
).
ATTSYNC () ( Modify II (-2)).

342

, ie
.
(),
Modify II (-2)
. AutoCAD.

7.1.6. Windows
AutoCAD Windows,
.
CUTCLIP (), *]
Standard () Edit | Cut ( | ),
() , .
> , .

, PASTECLIP (),
| Edit | Paste ( | ).
, , . ,
, .
PASTEBLOCK (),
Edit | Paste as Block ( | ), \
, AutoCAD.
COPYCLIP () ,
. , am: e
CUTCLIP (). COPYCLIP () [ ]
Standard () Edit | ( |
).
,
COPYBASE (),
Edit | Copy with Base Point ( | ).
PASTEORIG ()
, . ,
"" (. . ).
Edit | Paste to Original Coordinates ( [
).

7.1.7.

.

DWG-

343

. Insert Block (
) Insert a Block in a Table Cell (
) (. 7.15).
Insert a Block in a Table Cell
*"*

| Computer

Browse...

Path;
f- Properties - -;l
I

Cell alignment:

Scale:

Top Lelt

zJ

AutoFit

Rotation angle;

OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.15. Insert a Block in a Table Cell

Name ().
, Browse (),
Path ().
Properties ()
:
Cell alignment ( )
(Top Left ( ), Top Center ( ) . .,
);
Scale () . ,
AutoFit () ,
632

CD

5611

3099

0662

9612

0054

5350

6239

9011

. 7.16.

344

, ,
;

Rotation angle ( ) i.

, , , .
. ,
, .
. 7. ] 6 , .

7.1.8.

i
BEDIT (),
:jj$, Standard ()
Tools | Block Editor ( | ).
,
Block Editor ( ).
BEDIT () Edit Block Definition (
) (. 7.17).

Edit Block Definition


Block to create edit

-; Preview -

< Current Drawing>

"Description
7

Cancel

Help

. 7.17. Edit Block Definition

,
( ).
(. 7.18) -

DWG-

345

New Features Workshop ( ),


.

AutoCAD

^^

want to see how dynamic blocks aie created?


Click Yes to see demonstrations in the New Featurar
Wotkshop. or efck No to continue oiking

Yes

|| N7~]

Do not display this alert again.

. 7.18.

( ) AutoCAD
() (. 7.19).
- ,
BLOCK
AUTHORING PALETTES ( ).
.

| AutoCAD 2007 - [ D : \ t t e m e n t b . d w g ]
JISFite I E * View

Format

Too!:.. Dr Dimension

Matty

-Ifflxl

Exptess -window -.Help. i i

--> - '

* . HilisvU^

!^-1 1 1 6

.rjil
M

'

P* '

;8)l.a Ve ,
flose'elock

Edict

i l l - - - Bylayei

* Move Action

I
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^1

*J 1

*!-' j * J

: J;

;I

;...Jf Scale Action

p * V ^ Stretch. Action

' . ^ Stretch
sifts Action
f

if

T Rotate Action

/ I f C ^ ' Ftip Action


: . .

: Array Action

Lookup Action

..

> ;x

"

orronand: _ b e d i t

Regenerating

model.

sj

omroand:
514,1 7.8 ,0,0

?: SRJO; 0R1H0:|P0UR [OSNAP [TRACK |oUCS [. l>

. 7.19.

-, s

J
. d

rzr-j3J

346

,
():

Parameters () ,
;
;

Actions () , ;

Parameter Sets ( ) ;i .

,
Parameters ().
Parameter Sets ( ),
, .
,
. ,
, , .
,
(
).
:

Point Parameter ( ) ,
1 0 .
;

"|Uf Linear Parameter ( )


, 2, 1 0 .
, , ;

<. Polar Parameter ( )


. 2, 1 0 . , , , ;

J
XY

Parameter ( XY)
, 4
0 . , ,
;

-/^Rotation Parameter ( ) ,
. 1
0 . ;

" Alignment Parameter ( ) , OTHOCI

DWG-

347

.
. , . .
;

Flip Parameter ( ) ,
. 1 0 .
;

j|j Visibility Parameter ( ) ,


1 ( ).
;

II Lookup Parameter ( ) ,
(, ).
.
();

- - Base Point Parameter ( ) ,


.
.

,
.
.
Actions ()
, (
, ).
, :

*!* Move Action ( )


(, , XY-napa);

;-; Scale Action ( )


(, XY);
Stretch Action ( )
(, , XY);
? Polar Stretch Action ( )
;
( 3 Rotate Action ( )
;
fift Flip Action ( )
;

348

QQ Array Action ( )
(, XY-);

" Lookup Action ( ) (


).
Parameter Sets ( ).
.
.
:
Y Point Move ( )
;

|Jjf Linear Move ( )


;
|) Linear Stretch ( )
;

%t

Linear Array ( )
;
,7[ Linear Move Pair ( )
;
"H_JT L ' n e a r Stretch Pair ( ) * ;
'SjjS Polar Move ( )
;
\3 Polar Stretch ( ) 1
;
4t\
\j* Polar Array ( ) i
;

\ Polar Move Pair ( )


;
SJ* Polar Stretch Pair ( )
;
* XY Move ( XY) XY-
;
i*J?
XY Move Pair ( XY) XY-
;

DWG-

349

* XY Move Box Set ( XY) XY-


;
H3f XY Stretch Box Set ( XY) XY-
;
*m/h XY Array Box Set ( XY) XY-
;
-0 Rotation Set ( )
;
y

Y Flip Set ( )
;
Visibility Set ( )
;

^j\ Lookup Set ( )


.
BLOCK AUTHO
RING PALETTES ( )
(. . 7.19)
:

;
() ;
;

] BLOCK AUTHORING PALETTES (


);
|] ;
| ] ;
| | ;
[] ;
| i J , ,
;
;
;
;
] .

350

-
AutoCAD . Close block editor (
), .
;
.

7.1.9.
Element6, . 7.1, .
( CBI ).
.
Point Parameter ( ) Parameters () BLOCK AUTHORING PALETTES (
). :
Specify parameter location or [Name/Label/Chaiii/Description/Palette]:
(
[////]:)
(), ().
Position (
). :

Name () ( poi);

Label () ( 1);

Chain () , ( No ());

Description () (
);

Palette () ()
PROPERTIES () ( Yes ()).

,
(. 7.20).
. 7.20
PROPERTIES (), .
, [JL .
.
Move Action ( ) Actions ('.
:
Specify action location or [Multiplier/Offset]:
( [/]:)

DWG-

| Point Parameter

351

jrj

'+;

j | ; %

Hypetlink
: Material

!ByLayer

1
Position des.,. :
! Parameter n... P01

: Label X

^^
2.4
4.4
2.9

Labei'Y

! BaseX
;BaseY

; . . . . , .

. . . . .

: Show Proper.. Yes


Control label name for Position property (or
'display in Properties palette and for attrib... j

. 7.20.

(. 7.21).
,
. , , . Multiplier () Offset
() (
) .

. 7.21.

PROPERTIES ()
Move () .
.
.
,
. ,
(. 7.22).

352

. 7.22.

. 7.23.

, ,
.
Stretch Action (
).
:
Specify first corner of stretch frame or fCPolygonJ:
( [-]':)
, ,

. ,
( ).
/. Cpolygon (-)
, .

(. 7.23).
.
, (,
).
PROPERTIES ().
Chain (),
, .
Yes ()
,
.
,
, (, -

DWG-

353

,
).
, ,
.
( ), :

, , XY .
;

. ;

. ;

. ;

. ;

Y .
.

7.1.10.
Sample\Dynamic Blocks
AutoCAD 2007. Architectural Metric.dwg.
,
.

Automobiles -

Metric

( -

(. 7.24).

. 7.24. Sports Car (Side)

.
.

.
. . 7.24
Sports Car (Side) ( ()).
1^,
(. 7.25).
. . 7.26 7.27
, .
12 3. 326

354

Sports Cai (Side)


Sports Cai (Top)
Sports Cai [Front)
Sports Car [Rear)
Sedan (Side)
Sedan [Top)
Sedan (Front)
Sedan [Rear)
Truck (Side)
Truck (Top)
Truck (Front)
Truck (Rear)

. 7.25.

. 7.26. Sedan (Front)

. 7.27. Truck (Side)


, Visibility States ( ) (. 7.28).

gJV.sibillty Stales
,^|.:|'
v Sports Car (Side}
Sports Car (Top)
Sports Car (Front)
Sports Car (Rear)
Sedan (Side)
Sedan (Top)
Sedan (Front)

Set current-

" .

Delete

Move
Truck (Side)
Move Down

Truck (Top)

OK

Cancel

. 7.28. Visibility States

DWG-

355

New (
), New Visibility State (
) (. 7.29).
New Visibility Slate
Visibility state name:

I Visibility options lot new states


I (~ Hide all existing objects in new state
! f~ how all existmg objects in new state
i (* ^eave visibility of existing objects unchanged in new state

OK

Cancel.

>

. 7.29. New Visibility State

, Visibility
options for new states ( ) ,
:

Hide all existing objects in new state ( );

Show all existing objects in new state ( );

Leave visibility of existing objects unchanged in new state (


).

Visibility States (
). _
, .
,
(. . 7.25).

7.1.11.
(Structural - Metric.dwg) , ,
,
. . 7.30
, .
WF Beam - Metric,
- .
. 7.30 , XY-.
,
, .
.

356

. 7.30. WF Beam - Metric

( I f P . o p e i l y Lookup Table
'.'Action narne;..'..^
3eamLoakupv:;::

: 11 Add Properties:..

.......

Height

Width

10G
127

103
127

150
152

;100
152

200

100

203
201
203
251

1133
;165
203
.101

253
247
256
303

145
202
255
;101

306
303

164
203
ici

w<

Beam Sizes

Weight

_*, -

7.1 :.:: W 100x100x19. 19,3 kg/m


61 %. W 130x130x23. :23.8kg/m
:4.3 W150x100x13. :13.5kg7m

ji

5.8.f

W150 150x22 :22.5kg7m


4.3il W200x100x15 ; 15kg/m
:
5
W200x135x21
21kg7m
:6.2,:."'- W 200x165x35. ; 35.9 kg/m
7 . 2 " W 200x200x46. 46.1 kg/m
4,8
W 250x100x17. : 17.9kg/m
W 250x145x24
24 kg/m
[5 |
7.4
W 250x200x49. 49.1 kg/m

_J

W 250x250x80
80 kg/m
W310x100x21
21 kg/m
:
.!5 , ' W 310x165x31 31 kg/m
;80kg/m
75
vi W310x200x60
1./-31 .. ".,70 :70l.7
9.4

""

t*Q

5.1;

'*

<

Audit

Lookup Piopeibes

Input *

!;

,
^-J

L'.DK ; -;.-..| ...::.Cancel ..:.,]


-

. 7.31. Property Lookup Table

h:~';

.' |
..

/ /

DWG-

357

BeamLookup
PROPERTIES (), Misc ()
(),
BeamLookup. (=] Lookup table ( )
Property Lookup Table ( ) (. 7.31).
,
PROPERTIES (), (
), .
. 7.32 PROPERTIES (),
Custom ()
. Width () ,

.
[Block Reference

31

[|j%!
'''-''
,

Name
! Rotation
Block Unit
Unit factor

WF Beam Metiic

;o
Millimeters

::
- ' ' EfKH ^'.^^B'.'M'.I
Height
106
Flange Thic.. 8.8
WebThickn.. 7,1
Radius

BeamSi2es

W 100x100 x19.3

Weight

19.3kg/m

' ' i . - , ('


; j
: :
| i
$$a !
!
\ ;
I !

.Sets the width of the flange

W 250x200x49.1 '

;.;. W250x250x80
W310x1Q0x2l
W310x,165x3l
W3i0x200x60
W 310x250x73
W 310x310x97
W 360x130x32.9
W 360x170x44.6
W360x200x64
W 360x250x91
_
f

W36Qx3?0Xl34 ... ;.
W360.x410x216
W 410x140x38.8
W410x 180x53. '.'.:.:
W 4 1 0 x 2 6 0 x 1 0 0 .:.

. 7.32.

. 7.33.

Width (),
Height () . . Value
set ( ), . . 7.33
w \

7.1.12. TOOL PALETTES


AutoCAD TOOL PALETTES (
), 1% Standard (
).
( , , ).

358

TOOL PALETTES ( ) (. 7.3*)


1 , .
.
"."'Move: ,"
Size
Close
v Allow Docking
Anchor Left
^JfP

Anno...

4
i

Cylindrical Helix

j Elect..

<

Anchor Right > :


Auto-hlde

2D Spiral

Transparency...
New Palette

Elliptical Cylinder

Rename

!
J R

Frustum Cone

% Frustum Pyramid

Lv

cs

Customize Palettes,
Customize Commands,,,
Dynamic Blocks
Samples

3D Make
Materials
v Materials Library

[f\

UCS Previous

Lic^Tts
Cameras

1 % 3D Align

Visual Styles
All Palettes

. 7.34. TOOL PALETTES,


Modeling

......

. 7.35.
TOOL PALETTES

TOOL PALETTES
( ) ,
. (
. 7.34 All Palettes ( ), ).
Tools | Customize | Tool
Palettes ( | | ) Customize
Palettes ( ) (. 7.35).
|
.

,
. 7.35.
: Dynamic Blocks ( ), Samples (), 3D Make (
), Materials (), Materials Library ( ),
Lights ( ), Cameras (), Visual Styles ( )
All Palettes ( ). .
.

DWG-

359

Anchor Left < ( ) Anchor Right >


( )
.
(,
-, , .),
. ,
.
. 7.36 Hatches () .
S

Roller Bearing
- Imperial

ISO Hatches

Metric samples
)

Hex Nut - Metric


Hex Socket
Bolt (Side) -

Shoulder Screw
^ " - Metric

Weld Symbols
' ~ - Metric

Roller Bearing
Sr - Metric

. 7.36. TOOL PALETTES,

. 7.37. TOOL PALETTES,

Hatches

Mechanical

TOOL PALETTES (
)
. ,
.
Dynamic Blocks ( ) TOOL PALETTES (
)
( ). . 7.37
Mechanical ().

. ,
.

Properties () (. 7.38).
1 (, , 1
"AutoCAD:
, " (-, 2006).

360

, , , . .).
<Shift> <Ctrl> (
, ) .
Cut.

Delete
Rename
Update tool mage
Block Editor
;

Properties..

. 7.38.

Cut () Windows
;

() Windows
;

Delete () ;

Rename () ;

Update tool image ( )


;

Block Editor ( )
-;

Properties ( ) .

Properties () Tool
Properties ( ) .
. 7.39 Roller Bearing Metric (
).
,
Insert ():

Name () ;

Source file ( ) , ;

Scale () ,
( );

Auxiliary scale ( )
, ; :

Dimscale (Dimscale)
DIMSCALE;

DWG-

361
ftSJTool Properties
Name:

Image;

JRoller Bearing -Metric


JD ascription:
] Roller bearing section view supporting various sta

Name

Roller Bearing Metric

h ' . i. "3B6
Scale
Auxiliary scale
Rotation
Prompt for ro..
Explode

|D:\AutoCAD2007\Sample\Dynamic BlQ]
None
0
;No
No
<:':^,:

8allSize
Outside Diam...
Width
Bore
Bore Tolerance

3.175
19
6
6
+0-0.008 mm

Set the location of the source file

OK

Cancel

Help

. 7.39. -

None () ;

Plot scale ( )
;

Rotation () ;

Prompt for rotation ( ) Yes (),


; No ()
Rotation ();

Explode () (Yes () No
()).
Tool Properties ( )
Custom ().
( . 7.39 Ball Size ( ), Outside Diameter (
) . .).
,
.
.
Auxiliary scale ( ) None
(), Scale (
) .

362

Prompt for rotation ( ) Yes (),


, No ()
Rotation ().
,
, INSERT ()
.
.

.
Delete () (. . 7.38).
TOOL PALETTES
( ), ,
(. 7.40).
/ Allow Docking
Auto-hide
Transparency...
View Options...
Name
Paste

Type

Add Text
Add Separator
New Palette
Delete Palette
Rename Palette
Customize Palettes...
Customize Commands...
. 7.40. TOOL PALETTES

Allow Docking ( )
;
Auto-hide ( )
, ;

Transparency () ;
;

View Options ( )
( );
Sort By ( ) :

Name () ;

() ;

Paste () Windows;

DWG-

363

Add Text ( ) ;

Add Separator ( )
;

New Palette ( ) ;

Delete Palette ( ) ;

Rename Palette ( )
;

Customize Palettes' ( ) ,
(, , ,
);

Customize Commands2 ( )
, ,
, .

New Palette (
) (. 7.41).
() TOOL PALETTES ( )
(. 7.42).
:

Move Up () ;

Move Down () .

. 7.40.

Learn about customising


tool palettes

I
Move Up
Move Down ,
View Options.
Paste
New Palette
Delete Palette
Rename Palette
. 7.41.

.
.

. 7.42.

364

7.2. DWG-
INSERT ()
, , , . .
.
DWG-
DWG-. , ,
,
( ). AutoCAD ,
, ,
-.
, - . ,

INSERT (),
, . .
.
, ,
.

7.2.1. DWG-
()
DWG-. ,
Insert () (. . 7.3)
Reference () (. 7.43). ,
Draw () , .
Insert | DWG Reference'
( | DWG-).

!>

: :

.-.

. 7.43. Reference

() Select Reference
File ( ), .
, , Sample Tablet.dwg
Open (). , External
Reference ( ) (. 7.44).
Name ()
. Browse ().

DWG-

365

Saved path ( ) , .
Found in ( ) ,
.

External Reference
:

Browse.:.

Found in:

D:\AutoCAD2007\Sample\T ahlet.dwg

Saved path:

D:\AuloCAD2007\Sample\Tablet.dwg

Reference Type
(* Attachment

-Insertion point
" Specify On-screen

Path type
<~ flverlay

I Full path

Scale

Rotation:

! " Specify On-screen

" Specify On-screen

X:

&

; Anoje:

[bio

X- p o

; Block U n i t - - :

2:

2 ji.oo

0.00

" Uniform Scale

OK

Ur

*.

j f-actor:

Cancel

|o

lUnitless

ji

ijelp

. 7.44. External Reference

Reference Type ( )
: Attachment () Overlay (
). ,
, , Overlay ().
( )
Attachment ().
Path type ( ) ,
: Full path ( ), Relative
path ( ) No path ( ).
AutoCAD
.
Insertion point ( ), Scale () Rotation ()
(. . 7.4).
.
Tablet , 25 ,
. .
. 7.45.
DWG-, ,
(, . .).
( ).

366

LIST (), ,
DWG- BLOCK REFERENCE ( ).
, DWG-
.
DWG- DWG-
, .
*,] AutoCAD 2007 - [ D r a w i n g 3 . d w g ]
* ile

Edit

ylew

Insert

||| 3D Modeling

Format

Ipols

Qfaw

Dimension

Modify

Window

belp

Express

' "\ :0. j I, L ' i* > $ i* 4 Q

&' > \ f

'

1*1*1
4j, <%, i &,

AutoCAD'

'8? I I S ; !

I
-/
D
--

I
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object]

<real time>:

J] Command:
!4633528,103.9405.0.0000^3] SNAfJ ? . 0RTH0;|P0LAH |0SNAP |QTRApC JDUCS fDYN LWT;|M $g 2

WA

. 7.45.

7.2.2.

EXTERNAL REFERENCES ( ) (. 7.46),
' EXTERNALREFEFERENCES (), -.2
Reference ()

Insert | External References ( | ).
XREF ().
1

DWG-

367

J ,-;3>- m
fe
iff:
l

I
1

.
.

| Referenc ,.

> !Status

*Ji Drawing3

Opened

j Q Tablet

Loaded

WMl:
| Size !

Reference N,.. Tablet

5tatu5

428 KB;

urn :

Loaded

Size

428 KB

\Type

Attach

Dace

07.02.2 6 20:52:40

; Saved Path

D:\Auto< :AD2007\Sample\T.J

!Found At

D:\AutoCAD2007\Sample\T.. j

= ^-
1

. 7.46. EXTERNAL REFERENCES

(
DWG-,
, DWF-).
:

Open () ;

Attach () ;

Unload () ,
;

Reload () ;

Detach () ;

Bind () , .

Bind (),
, . . .
, , , ,
, ,
. , Tablet
Tablet | Borders, -
Borders. :
( , ) ( ).

368

Bind () Bind Xrefs ( )


(. 7.47),
.
j i j e m d Xrefs
Bind Type

If Emd

'

EKS
Cancel

Insert

. 7.47. Bind Xrefs

Insert () (,
, , )
, -. ,
INSERT ()
.
Bind ()
: blocknameIsymbolname B blockname$n$symbolname,
$$ $0$ ( , AutoCAD
1, 2 . .).
Tablet, Tablet | Borders
Tablet$0$Borders.

(. . 7.46) 3| ,
.
, :

Attach DWG ( DWG);

Attach Image ( );

Attach DWF ( DWF).



( . 5).

7.3.
(, , . .)
DWG-. AutoCAD
, ,
.
.
(
), , .
(, , EXPLODE

DWG-

369

(), ).
, ByBlock
().
- ByBlock
(), (,
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB) CHPROP ())
( ) ,
. .
, ,
ByBlock (), .
ByBlock (
) .
0.
,
, ByLayer (),
, ,
, .

7.3.1.
.

, ,
.
.
.
,
EATTEDIT () BATTMAN (),
. 7.1.5.
ATTEDIT () EATTEDIT
(). ATTEDIT ()
Edit Attributes ( ) (. 7.48).
.
ATTEDIT () , . .
-ATTEDIT (-), Modify | Object |
Attribute | Global ( | | | ),
.
(,
),
(, . .).
:
Edit attributes one at a time? [Yes/No] <Y>:
( ? [/] <>:)

370

7
EditAttnbules
Block name:

Computer

..

Cancel

. 7.48. Edit Attributes

Yes () , a No ()
. Yes () :
Enter block name specification <*>:
( <*>:)
, "*" "?".
Enter attribute tag specification <*>:
( <*>:)
(, "*").
Enter attribute value specification <*>:
( <*>:)
<Enter>.
Select Attributes:
( :)
( ), AutoCAD ,
, ,
. <Enter>. ,
:
Enter an option [Value/Position/Height/Angle/Style/Layer/Color/Next] <N>:
( [///////
] <>.)

DWG-

371

Value () (. );

Position () - ;

Height () ;

Angle () ;

Style () ;

Layer () ;

Color () ;

Next () .

Value () AutoCAD :
Enter type of value modification [Change/Replace] <R>:
( [/] <3>:J
Change () :
Enter string to change:
( :)
, .
Enter new string:
( :)
. <Enter>,
.
"?" "*" .
Replace () ( Value ())
. :
Enter new attribute value:
( :)
. <Enter>
.
Edit attributes one at a time? (
?) No (), .
AutoCAD :
Performing global editing of attribute values.
Edit only attributes visible on screen? [Yes/No] <Y>:)
( .
? [/] <>:)

,
. !i
, ,
. Enter string to change: (
.) Enter new string: ( :),
.

7.3.2. DWG-
DWG- , , .
XCLIP (),
*. Reference () Modify | Clip | Xrof
( | | ).
.
, .
<Enter>. :
Enter clipping option
[ON/OFF/Clipdepth/Delete/generate Polyline/New boundary] <New>:
(
[///// ] <>:)
:

ON () , (
);

OFF () , ;

Clipdepth () XY, ( ),
XY, . . Z;

Delete () ;

generate Polyline () ;

New boundary ( )
.

New boundary ( ),
, .
, :
Delete old boundary(s)? [Yes/No] <Yes>:
( ? [/] <>:)
Yes ().

DWG-

373

:
Specify clipping boundary:
[Select polyline/Polygonal/Rectangular] <Rectangular>:
( :
[ //] <>:)
Rectangular ()
, .
Polygonal () ,
, .
Select polyline ( ) ,
.
, AutoCAD .
. 7.49.
, .

. 7.49.

*
Reference (). AutoCAD
XCLIPFRAME (0 1
1 0). 1 ,
0 . . 12.

7.3.3.
DWG-
AutoCAD
DWG-
( REFED1T ()).
,
. , -

374

(
Z=0).
,
XOPEN (),
.
(
) ( ),
. !
, MINSERT (),
, HJ
.
REFEDIT () ftj?,
Refedit ( ) (. 7.50),
Tools | Xref and Block In-place Editing | Edit Reference In-Place
( | |
).

1
]it I jComputer

. 7.50. Refedit

REFEDIT ().
1. :

DWG-

,
.
, , ,
-.

. -
,
.
.
,

.
2. ,
, ,
.

DWG-

375

3.
, ,
| | Refedit ( )
.
(,
).

7.4. 7
DESIGNCENTER ( ):
Home Space Planner.dwg,
Sample\DesignCenter.
:

Sample\Dynamic Blocks Annotation Metric.dwg, Mecha


nical Metric.dwg, Electrical Metric.dwg Structural Metric.dwg.
. ,
.

Element6, . 7.1.9, ,
.

, ,
.


Element6.

TOOL PALETTES ( ):


, .

TOOL PALETTES (
). .

Fasteners Metric.dwg,
Sample\DesignCenter.

- ,
DIM SCALE
.
DIMSCALE = 20.

, Computer, ,
DISK. "6 ".
, DISK
"40 " "120 ".



AutoCAD . AutoCAD
,
(, Microsoft Office).
AutoCAD WIPEOUT
( ) (. . 8.2).

8.1.

, (), ,
, . AutoCAD

( DWG-,
7).
.
AutoCAD ,
, ,
.
( ).
IMAGEATTACH
(),
Reference
() Insert () Insert | Raster Image Reference (
| ).
IMAGEATTACH () <
( ),
Image ( ) (. 8.1).

377

&
Name;
Found in:
Saved path;

D:\ternp\ruCAD.gif
D:\iempVnjCAD.gif

P^h type
j Full" path
Insertion point

Scale

| W Specify on-scfeen

I * Specify on-scieen

j *. F~

)]'

j i Angle: p j

I *

! Rotation

j " Specjfy on-scieen

JO
OK

Cancel

Help

Details

. 8.1. Image

.
Name () .
,
. Browse ()
.
Name () Image (
), Path ().
Saved path (Coxp. ).
Path type ( ),
: Full path (), Relative path (),
No path ( ).
Insertion point ( ), Scale () Rotation ( )
DWG-
(. 7). Details ()
Image ( )
.
Image (
) AutoCAD
,
Specify on-screen ( ), .
, AutoCAD
,
(. 8.2).

, . . 8.3 -

378

( 20).
.

. 8.2.

. 8.3.

,
, EXTERNAL
REFERENCES ( ) (. 8.4). ,
7 DWG-.
, ,
: Open (), Attach (); Unload (),
Reload () Detach ().
DWG-.
Open () -

379

AutoCAD, ,
.
;. j

: 0 - .?) - &
1 Referent...

" | Status

*** Drawing 1
DevDey06

Opened
Loaded
Loaded

ruCAD

i1

46,2 Ki
5,62 Ki

1
1

_J

:ReferenceN... ruCAD
; Status

Loaded

5,62 KB

jType

GIF

'Date

19.02.2006 14:33:

; Saved Path

D:\temp\ruCAD.gif

Size

1-#\.. n.f

Jl
A

<1

. 8.4. EXTERNAL REFERENCES

Type () EXTERNAL REFERENCES


( ) . AutoCAD
( ): Autodesk Animator (flc, fli),
CALS Type 1 (cal, mil, rst, cg4, gp4, cals), GIS-GeoSPOT (bil), Graphic Interchange For
mat (git), Image Systems CCITT Group 4 (ig4), JPEG File Interchage Format (jpg), Macin
tosh PICT (pet, pict), Portable Network Graphics file (png), RLC (rlc), Tagged Image File
Format (tif, tiff), Truevision Targa (tga), Windows Bitmap (bmp, dib, rle), ZSoft PC Paint
brush (pcx).
, , IMAGE (
AutoCAD).
LIST ()
PROPERTIES (OKHOCB).
(
, , .).
, (. 8.5).
,
.
DRAWORDER (),

Modify II (-2),
.

380

11

.4N

. 8.5.

, ,
. 8.3. DRAWORDER (),
. ,
, <Enter>
. :
Enter object ordering option [Above objects/Under objects/Front/Back] <Back>:
( [ /
/ / ] <>:)
Front ( ). AutoCAD ,
ta (. 8.6).

. 8.6.

:
Above objects ( )
, ;

381

Under objects ( ) ,
;

Back ( ) (
).

AutoCAD Draw Order ( )


(. 8.7), DRAWORDER
().

. 8.7. Draw Order

DRAWORDER ()
, .
, .
IMAGECLIP (),
Reference () Modify | Clip | Image ( |
| ).
.
IMAGECLIP () :
Select image to clip:
( :)
,
( ,
). :
Enter image clipping option [ON/OFF/Delete/New boundary/ <New>:
( [/// ] <>:)
:

ON () ,
;

OFF () , ;

Delete () ;

New boundary ( )
.

New boundary ( ). AutoCAD


:
Enter clipping type [Polygonal/Rectangular] <Rectungular>:
( [/] <>:)

382

.
,
, ,
.
AutoCAD, .
. 8.8.

. 8.8.


IMAGEFRAME (), $
Reference () Modify | Object | Image | Frame ( | |
| ).
:
Enter image frame setting [0,1, 2] <1>:
( [0, 1, 2] <!>:)
<.
.
:

0 ;

1 ;

2 , .

IMAGEADJUST (),

Reference () Modify | Object | Image | Adjust ( | |


| ), , ,
.
of
Image Adjust ( ) (. 8.9).

383

|?lx|

Igijlmaqe Adjust
-Brightness^:
Dark

~~

' " ' ' ' " ' '

- Contrast

Light

P'" !'":' . j r i l M k A D

Low

' ' '' ' V ' ' ' '

High

. Min
<lin

V
V

Max

-Fade

OK

Beset

(""Cancel'

Help

. 8.9. Image Adjust

,
: Brightness (), Contrast () Fade
( ) 0 100.
, . Fade
( ) 100,
. Reset () (50, 50 0).
IMAGEQUALITY ()
. Reference ()
Modify | Object | Image | Quality ( | | |
).
IMAGEQUALITY () :
Enter image quality setting [High/Draft]:
( [/]':)
Draft ()
, .
High ().
,

. TRANSPARENCY () .
|[| Reference ()
Modify | Object | Image | Transparency ( | | |
).
,
:
Enter transparency mode [ON/OFF]:
( [/]:)

384

ON () , OFF
() .
.
,
- .
AutoCAD ( ~
,
. 10) ,
. SAVEIMG ()
Tools | Display Image | Save (: |
| ). Render Output
File1 ( ) (. 8.10).
KHRender Output File
Savejn;

] My Pictures

j
[s3qw2i

, X .

Views

Tools

Preview -

55 KB "PCX"

File came:

Save

Files of ijipe:

(All Image Formats

Cancel

. 8.10. Render Output File

Files of type ( )
(BMP, JPEG, PCX, PNG, TGA, TIFF),
(
). -

385

, (,
. .).
,
(. 8.11).

. 8.11. SAVEIMG

8.2. WIPEOUT
-
.
, WIPEOUT ().
, .
WIPEOUT
, - .
, RECTANG ().
WIPEOUT () Draw |
Wipeout ( | ).
WIPEOUT () :
Specify first point or [Frames/Polyline]<Polyline>:
( [/] <>:)

,
( <Enter>). Polyline (
).
13 . 326

386

:
Select a closed polyline:
( :)
.
:
Erase polyline [Yes/No] <No>:
[/] <>:
Yes () , No ()
. Yes ().
. 8.12.

. 8.12.

, ,
. WIPEOUT
Frames () WIPEOUT ()
Enter mode [ON/OFF] <ON>:
( [/] <>:)
OFF (), .
"" , <
(, . .). ,
,
DRAWORDER ().

387

8.3.
Insert () ,
AutoCAD .
:

3D Studio (3D Studio) 3ds max (


3DSIN ()), , ,
, ;

ACIS File (ACIS) ACIS,


( ACIS1N
());

Drawing Exchange Binary (DXB)


DXB ( DXBIN ());

Windows Metafile (WMF) Windows


( WMFIN ());

OLE Object ()
, OLE, , Microsoft Word
Microsoft Excel ( INSERTOBJ ()).

.
IMPORT (),


Insert (), (WMF, ACIS, 3D
Studio).
INSERTOBJ ()
, Windows-.
isffi Insert () Insert | OLE Object ( |
).
INSERTOBJ ()
(Insert Object) (. 8.13), Windows
.
(Object Type)
Windows,
OLE- ( ).

: .
, , .
,
,
, - .

.
, .

it

388


(

Microsoft Graph
Microsoft word
WotdPad


Microsoft Excel
MIDI

J
*)

" -

.!
" Microsoft .Void"

. 8.13. ( )

AutoCAD
, Microsoft Word. OKHJ
(Insert Object) (. . 8.13)
(Create New) (Create from File).
, ,
AutoCAD Microsoft Word.
(Create from File) , . i
(Insert Object) (. 8.14).

Ok
(~:
{*

' : l j C:\Documents and SettingsVAdministra

";'

-J

. 8.14. ( )

, >; (File) , jmto


(Browse),
. (Link) ,

389

, .

(Create New), .
(Create New) (Object Type)
(Insert Object) (. . 8.13)
Microsoft Word (Microsoft Word Document). (Display as Icon)
( ,
Microsoft Word ).
.
, Microsoft Word.
(. 8.15).

. 8.15. Drawingl.dwg Microsoft Word

Drawing 1 (. .
). Microsoft Word
Drawingl1. Microsoft Word ,

' Drawingl.

1'

390

(
) (. 8.16).

AutoCAD 2007 - J D r a w i n g I . d w g ]
Fjle

&dit

Jjiew

Insert

Fsymat

Joels

braw

Dimension

i^odify

Window fcjelp Express..

f3 J s _ B . ' L O .
||J AutoCAD Classic

"3v * i '
,..,.;

. . . . . . , . : ; . . . , . , . -, ;

,,,,

ByLayet

; ; - . , . . ^ ; . .

^ - ?
?
[, ,
i l e _._

4
^;.&;!

EG

0\
-/

<<\

>! Xl \ Model Layout2 / "

Command:

1; Command:
170.1793,94.0464,0.0000^

"

:')(

J SNAP] GRID; 0RTH0J|PQIAR |0SNAP |0TRACK |DUCS |DYN LWT|]M0DEL

^J 2J
O 1 ou

. 8.16. OLE-

.
. ( yniaiv
1). MOVE
().
, .

( Windows).
,
Microsoft Word .

(. 8.17), OLE-.

391

; Repeat OLE Object.'.,',


decent Input

>

^j8 Cut
Q

CTRL+-X

&py

CTRI+C

Copy with gase Point


&

CTRL+SHIFT+C

CTRL+V

,^,; Erase.
4 * Move
<> Copi Selection

ED Scale
0

Rafate;!;'''

|'^:"'0raji'<3rcter

^1

'

MJPW

^*'** ^ v

^^Q

Open
Reset
Text Sire...

Deselect fell
: 0_uickSelect...

Convert...

'*Find,,,

Properties.

,,:,;,

. 8.17. OLE-

OLE :

Open () ;

Reset () OLE-;

Text Size ( ) - OLE-;

Convert () OLE-
.

AutoCAD
, Microsoft Word
AutoCAD.
<Ctrl>, -
(.. ),
( ).
AutoCAD Windows
OLE-. Edit ():

Copy Link ( )
OLE- ( COPYL1NK
());

Paste Special ( )
( PASTESPEC

392

()). , Excel ,
ACADTABLE;

OLE Links () , OLE-


( OLELINKS ()).

OLE Links () ,
. OLELINKS ()
(Links) (. 8.18).

. 8.18.

, ,
- ( (Links)), (
()) ( (Update)).
,
.
, : (Automatic)
(Manual).
(Update Now)
. (Open Source) , AutoCAD.
(Change Source) ,
. (Break Link)
, - .

8.4.
, AutoCAD
. EXPORT ()
File | Export ( | ). EXPORT
() Export Data ( ), ,

393

Files of type ( ),
1:

Metafile () wmf;

ACIS (ACIS) sat;

Lithography () stl;

Encapsulated PS (Encapsulated PS) eps;

DXX Extract ( DXX) dxx;

Bitmap ( ) bmp;

Block () dwg.

WMFOUT ();

ACISOUT ();

STLOUT ();

PSOUT ();

();

BMPOUT ();

WBLOCK ().

8.5. 8
1. :

, .

2. OLE-:

Microsoft Excel.

Windows.

AutoCAD OLE-.

, AutoCAD.

3ds.


AutoCAD
XY,
, . ,
AutoCAD (,
, .),
, .
,
. AutoCAD,
,
. , , ,
10, - .

, 11.

9.1.

AutoCAD
3D Modeling (3M ) (.
. 1.4),
AutoCAD Classic (AutoCAD ).
XY ,
(),
. (ocbZ)
.
(. 9.1).
, ,
AutoCAD, UCS Icon
( ), View | Display | UCS Icon |

395

Properties ( | | | ),
Properties () UCSICON (). UCS icon style
( )
2D 3D
. 3D . 9.1, 2D . 9.2.
2D W .

>

> X

. 9.1.
( 3D)

. 9.2.
( 2D)

9.1.1.
.
, LINE () From point: ( :)
: 114,47,200 ,
: = 114, = 47 Z = 200 (,
AutoCAD ,
). LINE
() point: ( :) : #62.81,-39.4,-4.55,
, : ^ = 6 2 . 8 1 ,
K = - 3 9 . 4 H Z = -4.55.

, ,
DYN () #, (. .
@). #
.


, : @28, , 44
' 28 , Y 0 , Z 44 .

, : @12.<19.4,20.7 9. ,
XY,
, XY X
19,4 12,6 ,
Z 20,79 .
(
Z).

396

J?

: @73<35<57
.
: XY,
35 X,
XY 57.
73 .

. ,
.
, ,
. , .
Z XY
. ,
.
,
. ,
.
, - .
View | 3D Views | SW Isometric ( | | )
.
:
,
, 120. , , ,

, . . .
1 ,
(. 9.3): X , Y
Z .

. 9.3.

9.1.2.
.
( CIRCLE ()) = 0, = 0
100 . , . 9.3.

397

I Circle

Color
! Layer

ByLayer
0

! Linetype

. 9.4. ,
-

ByLayer

! Linetype scale

i Plot style

ByLayer

Lineweight

ByLayer

| Hyperlink
Thickness

Material

ByLayer

; Center X

I Center Y

250
j Radius
Diameter

100

nil

;200

. 9.5.
PROPERTIES

. Z
. (
Z ).
. Standard ()
PROPERTIES ().
, .
, Center Z ( Z),
(
, Z
). 0 250 (. 9.5)
PROPERTIES ().
250 (. 9.6).
250 , Z = -250.

N
. 9.6.

398

,
XY Z= , (
250 Z).
.
AutoCAD Z.
, ,
Z . PROPERTIES
() Thickness () 100.
(. 9.7).

. 9.7.

. 9.8.

AutoCAD
. ,
, .

(
OCHZ). .
View | Hide ( | ) ,
, () .
. 9.8.
, (. .
),
.
,
,
Regen () Regen All ( )
View (). Regen All ( )
Regen () ,

399

( . 10), ,
.
AutoCAD ,
, ELEVATION ( .
12). ELEV ()
, . (
):
Specify new default elevation <0.0000>:
( <0.0000>.)
250, . ,
250 . (
):
Specify new default thickness <0.0000>:
( <0.0000>:)
-100, 100
Z.
0,0
200 . Z , Z
(. . 250 ). , -, ,
, , -,
,
150 (. . 250
, . . -100).
,
Center ()
.
.
.
. 9.9.

. 9.9.

i1

400

(?
Z ), MOVE
() (. 3),
,
Z.

9.1.3.
, XY ,
UCS (). "usei
coordinate system" (" "). ,
, .
. UCS ()
X , Z
X Y .
': UCS () UCSII
(-2)(. 9.10 9.11).

\;. .; . . ; .
. 9.10. UCS

~
; ) V/oild

zl

. 9.11. UCS II

UCS () ,
XZ .
UCS ()
UCS () UCS II (-2). :
Current ucs name: * WORLD*
( : **)
2:
Specify origin of UCS or /Face/NAmed/OBject/Previous/View/World/X/Y/Z/ZAxisJ
<World>:
(
[/////Mup/X/Y/Z/ZOcb] <>.)
.
' . .

401

Face () ;

NAmed () (
, , , );

OBject () ;

Previous () ;

View () (
), ;

World () ;

X X;

Y Y;

Z Z;

ZAxis (ZOcb) ,
Z.

UCS ()
.
3point (). ,
X X , Y Z .
0,0,0. :
Specify point on X-axis or <Accepf>:
( X <>:)
X , 1,0,0 (
,
). <Enter>, ,
. :
Specify point on the XYplane or <Accept>:
( XY <>:)
Y Z , 0,0,1 ( (0,0,1)
Z), (Y) Z.
Accept () Z ,
Z.
, (. 9.12).
, UCS II (-2) ,
World ( ), Unnamed
( ). ,
(, imXZ), UCS ()
NAmed () Save ().
, .

402

. 9.12.

,
. , , -
, ,
:
*150,320

, 250 .
( ELEVATION
. 12). ,
XY , , (,
XZ )
(Z) 250 . PLINE
()
: 0,0; #200,0; #200,120 #0,120 (, #
, ).
, , . .
-100.
(. 9.13, ).
,
AutoCAD , . . 250 .
,
. ,
, ,
( )
.
AutoCAD
.
UCS II (-2) (. 9.14).

403

E..IBJ

|n|
n/XZ
%? World
^ Previous

j3* Bottom
| Front
[
Left
f i l Right

.... J
:*'.'

HH_
. 9.13.

. 9.14.
UCS II

().
Front (), XZ
. Back () Front
() , X .
, , Right ().
UCS () (. . 9.10) ,
( ) UCS ().
,
UCS () .
UCS () 1:
, UCS ()
( );
1* ;
j ;
: ;
[tJSj ;
\\ XY,
();
J ;

404

U
OCHZ;

L. ( " Y);

11

X;
Y;
Z;

| $ ( . 10).
UCS II (-2) (. . 9.11),
, , UC
(), ( ) UCS (), UCSMAN
(), UCS () (. 9.15).

Named UCSs | Orthographic UCSs j Settings |


.;: Current UCS:' ro
#
^

World
Previous

Set Current
Details

.OK

Cancel

Help

. 9.15. UCS. Named UCSs

: Named UCSs ( ), Ortho


graphic UCSs ( ) Settings (). Named UCSs
( )
Set Current (). Details (
) UCS Details ( )
.
Orthographic UCSs ( ) (. 9.16) ?
. Depth () -

405


OCHZ. ,
Depth (), ,
Depth (), Orthographic
UCS depth ( ), .

NamedUCSs.pKgfapf]).'uCSs |Settingsj
Current UCS: n&Z :
| Depth

Name
fat Bottom
Front

0.0000
0.0000

tfrBack
Left
R'snt

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Set Current

~ "-!*5*1

""?' |

Details

.Relative to:
' World

d
OK

Cancel

Help

. 9.16. UCS, Orthographic UCSs

Settings () UCS () (. 9.17)


.

Named UCSs] Orthographic UCSs 0_*


; UCS Icon settings

I
!
i

& Qn
' J? r^isplaji at UCS origin point
" Apply to all active viewports

'.: f UCS settings:


;

7 Save UCS with viewport


* ypdate view to Ran when UCS is changed

OK

Cancel

Help

. 9.17. UCS, Settings

i>

406

UCS Icon settings ( ) :

On () ;

Display at UCS origin point ( ) ::


(
0,0,0 );

Apply to all active viewports ( ) .

UCS settings ( ) :

Save UCS with viewport ( )


;

Update view to Plan when UCS is changed ( )


XY .

. 10.

9.2.


: ' Draw | Modeling ( | ),
Modeling2 () (. 9.18) .
Modeling

J ^ i J U 9

' *% : ; < <> |


. 9.18. Modeling

, DASHBOARD (
) (. . 1.11),
(). i
.
.
! . . 9.19
3D Make (3M ).
, . 9.18 9.19,
.
2 .

.
.

407

, ,
. .
:

*^(-

fet^iS & fcj '&


+|> ) (|# X

. 9.19. 3D Make

9.3.
HELIX () ' ( ).

(. . 9.19)
Modeling () (. . 9.18), 2 Draw |
Helix ( | ).
HELIX ():
"*

Number of turns = 3.0000 Twist=CCW


Specify center point of base:
( = 3.0000 =
:)
:
, ,
: CW () ( ) CCW () ( ).
, , 0,0,0. :
Specify base radius or [Diameter] <1.0000>:
( [] <1.000>:)
100. :
Specify top radius or [Diameter] <100.0000>:
( [] <100.000>:)
200. :
Specify helix height or [Axis endpoint/Turns/turn Height/tWist] <1.0000>:
( [///] <1.0000>:)
' .
.

408
:

Axis endpoint () ;

Turns () ;

turn Height () ;

tWist () .

, , Turns (). :
Enter number of turns <3.0000>:
( <3.0000>:)
20. . 9.20 -
.

. 9.20.

,
(. 9.21).

.
,
,
. ,
, , , ,
( ,
CONTINUOUS) 3DPOLY (3-)
Draw | 3D Polyline ( | ). :
Specify start point of polyline:
( :)

409

. 9.21.

, .
:
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]:
( []:)
, . .
:
Specify endpoint of line or [Close/Undo]:
( [/]':)
<Enter>, Close (
).

. 9.22.

410

PEDIT
(), .
:
Enter an option [Close/Edit vertex/Spline curve/Decurve/Undo]:
( [/// /]':)
,
3. . 9.22
.
.

9.4.
(, ,
) , . . .
. ,
, .

(, , . .),
. 2007
. ,
.
AutoCAD
.
(, ),
.
.
, '.
Modeling () (.
. 9.18) .
Draw | Modeling ( | ).

9.4.1.
( . J ! J Jk J
) Modeling (
) .
AutoCAD: BOX (),
WEDGE (), CONE (), SPHERE (), CYLINDER (),
TORUS (TOP) PYRAMID2 ().

.
.

411


XY .
( PYRAMID ()).
PYRAMID ():
4 sides Circumscribed
Specify center point of base or [Edge/Sides]:
(4
[/]:)
:

, .
:

Edge (),
;

Sides (),
.

Sides () 7.

50,50,50. :
Specify base radius or [Inscribed]:
( []:)
Inscribed () (
Circumscribed ()). (, ).
:
Specify height or [2Point/Axis endpoint/Top radius]:
( [2/ / ]:)
. 2Point (2)
.
Top radius ( )
, . Axis
endpoint ( ). ,

( ).
. 9.23 .
, .

!?

412

. 9.23.

9.4.2.

. , Draw | Modeling | Polysolid ( |
! ) POLYSOLID' (],

.
XY Z.
PSOLWIDTH),
PSOLHEIGHT.
, , ML1NL
(), .
POLYSOLID ():
Specify start point or [Object/Height/Width/Justify] <Object>:
( [///] <>:)
:

Object () (
, ) ;

Height () ;

Width ()
;

Justify ()
( Left (), Center () Right
()).

. .

413

: 3000,
150 Center ().
: , , 0. :
Specify next point or [Arc/Undo]:
( [/]':)

:

1000,0

Arc ()

Second ()

2000,-500

2000,500

Line ()

1000,0

0,4000

-6000,0

Close ()

. 9.24.

. . 9.24
.

9.4.3.
, . 9.24 AutoCAD
(),
ISOLINES ( . 12).
0.
ISOLINES 0.
SETVAR (), .
AutoCAD :
New value for ISOLINES <4>:
( 1SOLI.NES <4>:)
View |
Regen ( | ) REGEN (). . 9.25 ,
.

414

. 9.25.

9.4.4.
AutoCAD
.

Modeling ():
, ;
( EXTRUDE ());

| i j ,
, ( SWEEP' ());
(
REVOLVE ());

, ,
( LOFT2 ()).


EXTRUDE (). i
.
- (
View | 3D Views | SW Isometric ( | | )).
100 80. REGION
() .
(. 9.26).
.
.

415

. 9.26.

.
\\ UCS () XY
90 ( ).
(
):

,
(0,0) (0,500);

,
(100,600);

,
(1000,600).

Z . EXTRUDE
(). .
':
Current wireframe density: ISOLINES=4
Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle]:
( : JSOLINES=4
[// ]:)
( ),
. Direction ()
. Taper
angle ( )
. Path ().

416

:
Select extrusion path or [Taper angle]:
( [ ]:)
.

View | Visual Styles | Realistic ( | | )
( . 10).
. 9.27.

. 9.27.

, ,
. View | Orbit | Free Orbit ( |
). !
, , , ,
, (. 9.28).
<Esc>.
. 10.
SWEEP (),
.
(). :
Select sweep path or [Alignment/Basepoint/Scale/Twist]:
(
[/ /'/]:)
,
EXTRUDE (). :

Alignment () ,
;

417

^-'

^ - \
\

/
//

X
\

flag
\

"

-'

f&U

^fc-

//

ifc

. 9.28.

Base point ( )
;

Scale ()
;

Twist () ,
( ).

. 9.29
Scale (). Alignment ()
, (. 9.30).

. 9.29.
14 3. 326

. 9.30.

i)

418

. 9.31 , (
ROTATE ()).

. 9.31.

, ,
LOFT ().
,
. ,
(
, ).
LOFT () .
POLYGON (-) CIRCLE () :
, .
50 ,
100. , XY
Z: 0, 150 300 (. 9.32).

V7

s ^

. 9.32.

. 9.33. -

419

.
LOFT ():
Select cross-sections in lofting order:
( :)
, . :
Enter an option [Guides/Path/Cross-sections only] <Cross-sections only>:
( [//]:)
,
, ,
. . 9.33.
Cross-sections only ()
Loft Settings ( ) (. 9.34).
Loll Sellings
Surface control at cross sections
<~ tuled
< Smooth jt
formal to:

graft angles

Start angle:

Start magnitude;

End angle:

End magnitude:

Cjose surface or solid

W Efeview changes

Cancel

Help

. 9.34. Loft S e t t i n g s


. :

Ruled ()
,
;

Smooth Fit ()
;

420

Normal to ( )
.
:

Start cross section ( );

End cross section ( );

Start and End cross sections ( );

All cross sections ( );

Draft angles ( )
:

Start angle ( ) ;

Start magnitude ( )
( , :
);

End angle ( ) ;

End magnitude ( )
.

,
- -: . 9.35
, . 9.36 180.

. 9.35. 0

. 9.36. 180

Cross-sections only () LOFT ()


. Guides ()
, ,
. ,
. .
.

421

Path () ,
. ,
.
THICKEN (),
. ,
.

9.4.5.
,
,
. , ()
.
, , CONVTOSOLID'
(). Modify | 3D Operations | Convert to
Solid ( | | ) )_ .
EXPLODE
().
, (,
. .).

9.4.6.

(, ),
.
,
UNION (),
SUBTRACT
()
INTERSECT
() (|(5) <''\)
Modeling () Solid Editing ( ),
, .

700 , . 9.24.
, ,
XY. 1 ^ UCS () 90
X. ,
= 3000, Y = 1400, Z = -1000. EXTRUDE ()
2000 .
. . 9.37.

422

. 9.37.

PRESSPULL1 (2),
, 1
. .
. 1 UCS (), .
, ,
(. 9.38).

. 9.38.

.
' .

'

423

. 9.38 ,
( ,
, ):

accept ()
;

Next () ;

Xflip () " ;

Yflip () .

, . 9.38,
. accept ().
, .
,
1000 X. 2000, 1000.
PL1NE () ' : 0,1000;
2000,0; , 1000; -2000, ( ).
.
Modeling () J_,
PRESSPULL (). :
Click inside bounded areas to press or pull.
( , .)
(. 9.39).

. 9.39.

{I

424

AutoCAD ,
. .
, .
. 9.39 ,
(. 9.40), (. 9.41).

'

"

'

1/

5 ^^

1 \

in

^ \\
-*'-

[ 1

7 If

LI /

^"^^*^

^ ^ ^

z
. 9.40.

. 9.41.

,
(. 9.42).

. 9.42.

INTERFERE (), ,
.
Modify | 3D Operations | Interference Checking ( [
| ).

425

,

.
Interference Checking ( ) (. 9.43).

Interference Checking
Comparing 1 object against 1 object
* Interfering objects ~

Highlight

Fret set:

Second set

Interfering pair. lound:

<%

Previous

I * 2oom to pair

0' J

W Delete interference objects created on Close


I

Gose

I ,'

Help

. 9.43. Interference Checking

9.4.7.

. .
.
SOLIDHIST : 0
, 1 (
. 12).
SHOWHIST ,
:

0 ;

1 SOLIDHIST (1 ,
);

2 SOLIDHIST.

1
.
. 9.44 , . 9.42,
,
.
BREP1 () (
).
1

426

&'

, , ,
. . 9.45 ,
, .

. 9.44.

. 9.45.

. 9.45 .
(
2006).
.

. ,
.

9.4.8.
( ) ,
1 Selecting Subobjects on Solids ( ) (. 9.46).
, <Ctrl>,
,
(. 9.47).
. 9.47 ( ),
( )
( ).
(. 9.489.50).
,
<Ctrl>
(,
. .).
.


\*Selecting

427

Subobjects on Solids

Press and hold trie TRL key and use the


cursor to select a set of subobjects to
manipulate. Soiid subobjects are vertices,
faces, edges, and individual original solids
that are part of a composite solid
You can move, rotate, and scale a selected set of
subobiects independently from the solid that contains the
subobjects. This enables you to manipulate the solid in an
infinite number of ways.

. 9.46. Selecting Subobjects on Solids

J,,
.Specify stretch point or ffl | < 112 |

. 9.47.

. 9.48.

. 9.49.

428

Hollar: 320.9673 <270 |

. 9.50.

,
,
. ,
, ,
. 9.45
.

9.4.9.

.
CHAMFER () FILLET ()
.
, FILLET ().
,
. 9.45. :
Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]:
( [////]:)
. :
Enter fillet radius:
( .)
(, ).
:
Select an edge or [Chain/Radius]:
( [/]:)

429

<Enter> ( ).
:
/ edge(s) selected for fillet.
( : 1.)
(. 9.51).

. 9.51.


Solid Editing ( ) (. 9.52).
Solid Editing

i *. *. & | fop | Hal 4


. 9.52. Solid Editing

,
, . 9.4.6.
SOLIDEDIT ():

flit ;
6


;
;
;

SP

;
;

10

430

, , ,
;
1 ;
( , )
;
- ;
fit (
) ;
- ;

, , .
Modify | Solids
Editing ( | ).
SOLIDEDIT (),
, :
Solids editing automatic checking: SOLIDCHECK=l
Enter a solids editing option [Face/Edge/Body/Undo/eXit] <eXit>:
( :
SOLIDCHECK-1
[// ACIS//
] <>:)
SOLIDCHECK,
, ,
. 1,
, 0 (
SOLIDEDIT ()).
SOLIDEDIT () :
Face () ;
Edge () ;
Body ( ACIS) (,
. .);

Undo () ;

eXit () .

Face () AutoCAD
:
Enter a face editing option
[Extrude/Move/Rotate/Offset/Taper/Delete/Copy/coLor/mAterial/Undo/eXitI<eXit>;
( [///
///////] <>:)

431

,
Solids Editing ( ),
. mAtcrial' ()
( . 10).
.
SOLIDEDIT ()
Edge (), :
Enter an edge editing option [Copy/coLor/Undo/eXit] <eXif>:
( [///]
<>.)
( ,
, , ) .
SOLIDEDIT () Body (
ACIS), :
Enter a body editing option [Imprint/seParute solids/Shell/cLean/Check/
Undo/eXitJ <eXit>:
( [///
///] <>.)

Solids Editing ( ).
. 9.539.56
. ,
.
. 9.53 ( ) 15
. .

. 9.53.

432

. 9.54 (
). .
.

. 9.54.

. 9.55 .
( ) ,
.

. 9.55.

. 9.56
( ).

gS;

.:.

. 9.56.

433

XEDGES1 ()),
Modify | 3D Operations | Extract Edges ( | |
). , .

9.4.10.
SLICE (), ?
Modify | 3D Operations | Slice ( | | ),
, , .
(. . 9.27).
UCS () .
. 2:
Specify start point of slicing plane or
[planar Object/Surfacei/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>:
(
[ //2///2/2/3] <>:)
<Enter>, .
, : (100, -50,
100), (-100, 80, 100) (300, 0, 600) (
#).

. 9.57.

.
.
.

i J

434
, :
Specify a point on desired side or [Both]:
( []:)

Both (). ,
. . "
. 9.57.


Solids Editing ( ).

9.4.11.
FLATSHOT' ()
. *

[_jj .
FLATSHOT ()
Flatshot ( ) (. 9.58).
,
. Destination ( )
:

Insert as new block ( )


;

Replace existing block ( ) ,


( J& );

Export to a file ( )
( ).

, DWG-.
Insert as new block ( )
.
: $644264, $7752463.

, ,
(. 9.59).
. 9.59 .
SOLPROF (-)
(. 11).

435

Destination
(~ Insert as new block
f* Replace existing block]
jri I

Select

/ j \ (No selected)
/~ Export to a fie

Foreground lines
Cgjor:

I ByBlock

LlQetype:

Continuous

ill

Obscured lines
p1. how
Color;
' Llneype:

Create

Cancel

.. Help

. 9.58. Flatshot

. 9.59.

436

9.5.
AutoCAD 2007 : (
, ) (
). ()
.
(
Modeling ():

EXTRUDE () ,
( | ) ;
SWEEP ()
(

);

REVOLVE () (|< });


LOFT () ,
(J |);

PLANESURF ()

CONVTOSURFACE ()--
( ), , ,

).

. ,
: ,
, .
,
( ),
. . 9.60
( ).

. 9.60.

437

.
.
(
THICKEN ()). . 9.61 ,
.

. 9.61.

,
, EXPLODE ().

9.6.
(
) SECTIONPLANE' ().
Draw | Modeling | Section Object ( |
| ) _ .
SECTIONOBJECT2,
.
,
, .
, (
).
SECTIONPLANE ()
, . 9.42. (
). :
Select face or any point to locate section line or [Draw section/Orthographic]:
(
[ /]:)

.
.

438

!)


XY (
);

Draw () ,
XY , (
) ;

Orthographic () , t
( ): Front (),
(), (), Bottom (), Left (), Right ().
.

. 9.62 ,
, . ,
"" ( ),
. .

. 9.62.

. 9.63.

. 9.62 .
.
, , .
.
. 9.63.
.
( ^ )
. :!
,
(. 9.64).

439

as

Section Settings

20 section I elevation block creation settings

^D section block cfeatiqn settings


^ L * v e Section settings
W

Activate Live Section

I Color

Color 8

Linetype
; Linetype Scale
' Lineweight
7;

j Continuous
;1
'
- Default

Dtaw Order

I V | Abtivate live sectioning .


Show cut-away geometry
Uve section settings...
Generate 2D/3D section;..
Add jog to section

Cut-away Geometry
! Show
Yes
Color
Red
; Linetype
Linetype Scale
l Lineweight
: Face Transparency
Edge Transparency

ft

DASHED
1
- Default
50
50

Deselect AJI
Quick Select..
QuickCalc
; ind.;:
>yj Properties
. 9.64.
()

" Apply settings to all section ,ob|ects


, OK

Reset

Cancel

. 9.65. Section Settings

,
:

Activate live sectioning ( )


( ,
);

Show cut-away geometry ( )


(
) ;

Live section settings ( )


Section Settings ( ) (. 9.65);

Generate 2D/3D section ( 2/3 )-


, ;

Add jog to section ( ) ,


().

, ,
Section Settings ( ), . 9.65.

440

, ,
: 2 i
section / elevation block creation settings ( 2 / ), 31
section block creation settings ( ) Live Section
settings ( ). ,

. Acivate Live Section
( ) ,
Activate live sectioning ( ).
Section Settings ( )
: Intersection Boundary (
), Intersection Fill ( ) Cut-away Geometry (
). , , ,
( ,
. 9.66).
Generate 2D/3D section ( 2/3 )
(. . 9.64) Generate Section/Elevation (
/) (. 9.67).

Gcneiale Section/Elevation
2D/30
2D Section / Elevation
<* 2D Section
Source Geometry
( Include aJJ objects
<""* Select objects to include

Destination
* Insert as new block
Replace existing block

Export to a file

~3 J
Section Settings,,
(A)

. 9.66.

"Create J

Cancel

(Help

. 9.67.
Generate Section/Elevation

441

, Flatshot (
) (. . 9.58), ,
(): . Create ()
, , (. 9.68).

. 9.68. ()

Add jog to section ( )


(. . 9.64) ,
( ).
JOGSECTION ().

. . 9.69
.
SECTIONOBJECT ^ ,
. 9.62. :

Section Plane ( );

Section Boundary ( );

Section Volume ( ).

-
.
.
SECTION (),
. ,
. .

442

. 9.69.

9.7.

"" . i Surfaces (), ,
, , . ,
Draw | Modeling | Meshes ( | ! !-)
(. 9.70).

'""*'"'"

"

|^f. -3D Face'

"" dfle
:%*:'30:Mesh

..'.:[.

Revolved Mesh
labulated Mesh

BuWMesh

i.Eriue Mesh

. 9.70. Meshes

,
, , . 9.70:

2D Solid (2M )
SOLID (), 2.
() ,
XY ;

443

3D Face ( ) 3DFACE (3-),


,
: ;

Edge () EDGE (),


;

3D Mesh ( ) 3DMESH (3-),



;

Revolved Mesh ( ) REVSURF (-),


, ,
. . 9.71 ,
( );

Tabulated Mesh ( ) - ,
, ( TABSURF
(-));

Ruled Mesh ( ) ,
,
( RULESURF (-));

Edge Mesh ( ) ,
,
( EDGESURF (-)).

,
.

. 9.71.

,
(),

444

(N). -
N-. , ( - 1)
( N - 1). ,
. , -
, PED1T (), . .
, (
AutoCAD POLYLINE).
(, ,
. . 9.71) SURFTAB1
SURFTAB2 ( . 12).
6.
3D (),
. : Box (), Cone (), Dish
(), DOme (), Mesh (), Pyramid (), Sphere (), T o n s
() Wedge ().
SURFTAB1 SURFTAB2.

9.8.

(, , . .). ,
Modify | 3D Operation ( | )
, :
3D Move ( )
());

3D Rotate ( )
( 3DROTATE2 ());

Align ()
( ALIGN ()).
;

3D Align ( )
( 3DALIGN3
()). ;

3D Mirror ( )
( MIRROR3D (3-));

3D Array ( )
( 3DARRAY (3-)).

.
.
3
.

( 3DMOVE!1

445

3DMOVE (), 3DROTATE () 3DALIGN


()
Modeling () (. . 9.18). ,
(. . 9.19).

.
.
DUCS' ()
,
. <F6>
<Ctrl>+<D>.
UCSDETECT.
, ,
3DMOVE () 3DROTATE ().
(grip
tool),
.
. 9.72 , 3DMOVE
().

. 9.72.
3DMOVE

. 9.73.
3DROTATE


.
,
. ,
(
, ).
,
( ).
3DROTATE ()
(. 9.73). . -

446

, , \.

9.9. 9
1. , :

IX ,
440 .
290 .


. .

.
2. :

AT () 100 . Fa
Z= 1000 200 .
.

3. :

AT ,
250 600 .

(
ISOLINES) 36.

(0, 0, 300)
450 .

,
(0, 250, 0), (100, 250, 0) (0, -250, 600). .

4. :

, ,
. 3.

1 0



, ,
, ,
, .
,
,
, .

.

10.1.
, ,
. PAN () ZOOM
() 2. 9
- .

10.1.1.

, Aerial View ( ).
, (,
). . 10.1 Aerial View ( ),
, ,
.
DSVIEWER ()
View | Aerial View ( | ). .
Aerial View ( ), -

10

448

( Dynamic () ZOOM ()).


.
Aerial View ( )
Windows, View | Aerial Vie*
( | ).

orttmand:

'

j }\..$ ] Standacd

II jj J

dsviewer

oinznand:
;2S'-SJ&'161'.2'-7 3/4" ,0'-0" : SNAP.GRID. ORTHO: POLAR' OSMAP; OTfiACK,|DUCS ( D V N

LWT;[SODEL

.? Q-&, v

. 10.1. Aerial View

10.1.2.
AutoCAD
( )
,
. VPORTS (),
@ Viewports ( ) (. 10.2)
View | Viewports | New Viewports ( | | ),
.
VPORTS () Viewports (
) (. 10.3).

449

BOdllSeif
. 10.2. Viewports

New Viewport*, j Named Viewports


. tiew name:"
Preview

.Standard viewports;.'
"Active Model Configuration"
Single
Two: Vertical
Two: Horizontal
Three: Right
Three: Left
ilil'HMiUMffii
Three: Below
Three: Vertical
Three: Horizontal
Four: Equal
Four: Right
Four: Left

View: SE Isometric
Visual style: 2D Wireframe

j
View: "Top*
View: "FrontVisual style: 2D Wireframe Visual style: 2D Wireframe

hange view lo'

zl

Visual SJyle:

| SE Isometric

_^J 12D Wireframe

OK

j j ,

Cancel

. 10.3. Viewports, New Viewports

New name ( )
.
, AutoCAD, , ,
. , (
), (. .
,
. . ).
Preview () (
), Standard viewports (
). Apply to ()
, ,
: Display ( ), Current Viewport
( ).
Setup ()
: 2D (. . , ,
) ; 3D 15 . 326

10

450

,
AutoCAD .
Change view to ( ) ,
, Preview ()
(
*Current* (*)). .
Visual Style' ( )
(
).
Standard viewports ( )
Three: Above (: ), Setup () 3D,
Change view to ( ) SE Isometric (
), Visual Style ( )
2D Wireframe (2M ). , , 3vp
. (. 10.4).
^AutoCAD 2007 - [D:\Temp\3D House dwgl
'. 3 .".dit yievv; (melt Format'.loots {Jraw . .Dimension'Modify ; Ejjikess Window

v 73 u . *< \ > *i> * " J if


AutoCAD Classic

'

-1|

, ,
fy | Standard

i -? A % , D fTt

v Q 4z ^il Viewports

jrj

I ByLayer

=ijfl

4 it fi>,

&

|>(<8>.

J * ]*

': > I Unsaved Curijvj

; 3D Hidden

jv]

Oi:
* #
H _i >

'

H i \ Model /uwdutl j t ^ i i j u t ; j Layout37


:

'

'

'

orrmand: _vports Regenerating model.


|Ccnwiand:

0'8 5/.-2* 8 96' G U'

jlL_J _!j

SNAP GRID; QR.THO; POLAR: 05NAP; 0T RACKJ |DUCS f5yi7 LWTj [MODEL

Td'Bi .

. 10.4.

451


, , ( ,
).
. ,
.
,
Viewports ( ) (. . 10.2).
Named Viewports ( ) (. 10.5)
Viewports ( )
, .

Viewports

New Viewports, Named Viewports


Current name:

3vp

liamed Viewports: ,

Preview

"Active Model Configuration"

OK

Cancel

Help

. 10.5. Viewports, Named Viewports

1, 2, 3 4 .
New Viewports ( )
Viewports ( ) View | Viewports |
1 Viewport4 Viewports ( | | 1 4 ).
. ,
. 10.4 , ,
,
.
View | Viewports | Join ( | | ).

452

10.1.3.
( , )
,
. , ,
. VIEW
(), View () (. 10.6).

hd ^ w i
1

; : ; : : : ; : : . : . . . .

: . : ; . .

'

l * * i

Camefal

. 10.6. View

View () :
View ();

? ( )
3 ( ), 0
);

( ), . ( ), |" ( ) (

V (-
() ), \'"j\ (- () ).
(-
() ) | fy ] (- () );
;

^;

, ,
( ,
).

dtj

2 View Manager ( ) (. 10.7),


VIEW () 0 View
().
, ,
.
Current ().
:

Model Views ( )
( , );

.
.

453

Layout Views ( ) ,
(
. 11);

Preset Views ( ) .

H V i e w Manage!
Current View: Current
v Vjews

'

4 ^ Current
i SQ Model Views
Cameral

Set Current
Name
Category
UCS

0LE1
[ Perpective
G Layout Views
I * Preset Views
T

Mew,;. ,

<None>
; World

Layer snapshot
Visual Style

fo*

Update L a y e r s . .

Editfioundaries...

Realistic

Background override ; Image...


Live Section

S j P
1

| Camera2

Relate

<None>

"Jjjjfl Bottom

I P Lett
f~J Right
- r i p Back
SW Isometric
SE Isometric
# NE Isometric
NW Isometric

Front plane
I Back Plane
Clipping

OK

0"
(J,.i Off

Cancel

Apply

"*

. 10.7. View Manager

. ,
: General (),
View () Clipping ().
General () :

Name () ;

Category () ,
( . 12);

UCS () , ;

Layer snapshot ( )
;

Visual Style ( ) ,
( . . 10.4);

Background override ( ) ,
(, );

454

Live Section ( )
.

View () ,
(CameraX, CameraY CameraZ), (TargetX, TargetY
TargetZ), (Roll angle), (Height) (Width) ,
(Perspective), (Lens length)
(Field of view). ,
, , (
) .
Clipping () ,
: (Front plane) (Back plane)
, ( Clipping).
,
,
ViewManager ( ) (. . 10.7):

Set Current ();

New ();

Update Layers ( );

Edit Boundaries ( );

Delete ().

, New (),
New View ( ) (. 10.8).
( View name ( )
, ) . Boundaries (
) ( Current
display ( )
Define window ( )). Settings ()
: UCS (), Live section (
) Visual style ( ).
, Save layer snapshot with view
( ).
Background (),
, AutoCAD.
Override default background (
). [^J,
Background () (. 10.9).
() :

Solid () ;

Gradient () , ;

Image () .

455

| New View
ViewQaroe:

JMy5

View category;

3.

t*1 Current display

Qefinewindow

P Save layer snapshot with view

~~3

5:

J? World

Live section;

j <None>

z l '. i

Vjsual style:

jcurrent

3 i

. P^ Override defautt (aatkground .


;

Qjrrent override :Image

'

OK''''".'

Cancel

Help

. 10.8. New View

33

Background
Type:
:;' Image-options
] D:\Temp\Savelieva (yellow), jpg
Adjust Image... j
Preview

Cancel

Help

. 10.9. Background ( Image)

456

. 10.9 Background () .
(
).
Adjust Image (
) Adjust Background Image (
) (. 10.10).

!]Adjust Background Image


; Back#ound preview
Image position:

jcenter

Sliders adjust;
( tof fast]

P Maintain aspect ratio when scaling

Cancel

Uelp

. 10.10. Adjust Background Image

Image position ( )
:

Center () ;

Stretch () , ;

Tile () .


: Offset () Scale ().
. 10.11 .
.

457

SAutoCAD 2007 - [D:Wemp\3D House dwul


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. 10.11.

10.2.
,
, , (
), ,
. .
.
(
DVIEW (), VPOINT (), 3DORBIT (3-),
, 2007. . 10.12
3D Navigation (3M ).
3D Navigation

Z 4 I, 1|5

. 10.12. 3D Navigation

10

458

( ) ( ), ( , )
.
, , 3D Na
vigate ( ) (. 10.13).

& S , | < #

;5

Q,;

<
-

" ( 5446.5757! -12687.2204: 3336.4729 |


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330.5703 ''{2115:2268

. 10.13. 3D Navigation

,
(. . 10.12). :
() | ] ().
( ).
: (
), ( ) (
-). ,
, .
(
) ( ).

. ,
3D Navigate (3M ), :
. (
3DORBIT (3-));
>

\\ .
, ( 3DFORBIT (3-));
.
( 3DCORB1T (3-)).

459

View | Orbit ( | ).
3DFORBIT (3-),
, 3DORBIT (3-) 2006.
- ,
.

(
).
3DFORBIT (3-)
(. ,10.14).

. 10.14.

,
. ()
, .
,
- (>).

. .
, ,
- (()).
,
.
,
,

460

10

- (<20).

, .
()
, - ( - 0 - ) .

,
.
<Esc> <Enter>.

', (. 10.15).
Exit
Current Mode: Free Orbit
Other Navigation Modes

Constrained Orbit 1
v> Free Orbit

y< Enable Orbit Auto Target


Animation Settings...
Zoom Window
Zoom Extents
Zoom Previous
Parallel:
Perspective

Continuous Orbit

Adjust Distance

Swivel

Walk

Fly

Zoom

8-";"

Pan

Reset View
Preset Views

Named Views

Visual Styles

Visual Aids

. 10.15.

:
Exit () ;

Current Mode ( ) ,
(Constrained Orbit ( ), Free
Orbit ( ) Continuous Orbit ( ));

Other Navigation Modes ( )


:

Constrained Orbit ( );

Free Orbit ( );

Continuous Orbit ( );

Adjust Distance ( );

Swivel ( );

Walk ();

Fly ();

Zoom ();

Pan ();

461

Enable Orbit Auto Target ( )


;

Animation Settings ( )
;

Zoom Window ( )
;

Zoom Extents ( )
;

Zoom Previous ( )
;

Parallel () ;

Perspective () ;

Reset View ( ) ,
;

Preset Views ( )
;

Named Views ( ) (
);

Visual Styles ( ) ;

Visual Aids ( ) : Compass


(), Grid () UCS Icon ( ).

Continuous Orbit ( )
(
). ,
<Esc> <Enter> .
Visual Aids ( )
,
. Compass ()
, (XY, YZ XZ).
Grid () ,
XY . UCS Icon ( ) -

10

462

: " , ,
Z ( ).
()
, .
DVIEW () 3DCLIP
(3-).
3DCLIP (3-) Adjust Clipping Planes (
) (. 10.16)
.

.< i

, ! \ Model X ' v ,

lljCommand:

ill

< -

"

3dclip

,'

Pre ESC or ENTEfl to owl. Of right-click to display shortcut-menu

i ^

. 10.16. Adjust Clipping Planes

( ),
(
, , , ,
, ). ,
.
:
, (
);

463

(
);
^8.
( );
;
.

. . 10.16 ,
, .
,

.
PLAN () :
Enter an option [Current ucs/Ucs/World] <Current>:
( [//] <>:)
,
. .

10.3.
. 2007
AutoCAD. , , .
.
CAMERA (),
View | Create Camera ( |
) & View (). :
Current camera settings: Height=1524 Lens Length=50 mm
Specify camera location:
( : =1524 -50
:)
,
(. 10.17).

. 10.17.

10

464

:
Specify target location:
( :)
, , ,
. . :
Enter an option [?/Name/LOcation/Height/Target/LEns/Clipping/View/eXit]<eXit>:
( [?////////]
<>:)
:

? (?) , ;

Name () ( camerai,
Camera2 . .);

LOcation () ;

Height () ;

Target () , ;

LEns () ;

Clipping () ;

View () ,
;

eXit () .

. 10.18.

465

(. . 10.7).
, ,
. (. . 10.17),
.
,
(. 10.18).
Camera Preview ( ) (. 10.19),
.
.

. 10.19. Camera Preview

CAMERADISPLAY1: 1 , 0 .

10.4.
,
.
. .
Visual
Styles ( ) (. 10.20).

10

466

'/
. 10.20. Visual Styles

& ;

;
;
;

.
. 10.21 10.24 ,
.
2006.

. 10.21.

. 10.22.

. 10.23.

. 10.24.

, . ,
, , .

467

(
)
(, ,
. .). . 10.25 .

. 10.25.

Available Visual Styles in Drawing

<a Fi -x

ConcepfMul

*'

! Face style
Lighting quality
Highlight intensity
j Opacity
; Materials and Color
, Material display
i Face cob) mode
Monochrome color

j Backgrounds

Gooch
Smooth
30
60
Off
Normal
' 255.255,255

- l
On

,-;\::..r

'. Edge mode


5
. 10.26.
VISUAL STYLES MANAGER

:::)::;:::-:::

Facet Edges

Controls the display of shadows: no shadows.


ground shadows only, full shadows, or full shadows,.

Visual Styles ( )
VISUAL STYLES MANAGER ( ),
(. 10.26).

, : , ,
, , , , .

I,

. ( ),

468

. . 10.27 ,
.

. 10.27.

25
VS: VSBACKGROUNDS, VSEDGECOLOR.
VSEDGEJITTER, VSEDGEOVERHANG, VSEDGES . .

10.5.
2007 .
, . MATERIALS'
() MATERIALS2 (),
, (. 10.28).
,
.
Materials () TOOL
PALETTES ( ) (. 10.29).
.
,
. ,
,
, , , ,
. .
MATERIALS ()
, .

.
.

469

Masonry. U nit
Masonry.Glass ...

& ->'; *| & 48

Template
Diffuse:

Masonry.Unil
Masoniy.CMU...

[Ceramic Tile, Glazed

Masonry.Unil
Masonry.CMU.S...

1 " By Object

Masonry.Unil
Masonry.CMU....
1
Masonry.Unil
Masonry. CM U.R...

- 1
(

-. U

&L

JTextureMap

"

-.;......;

, 1
1
;.,._11

Masonry.Unil
Masonry.Brick....

[ Masonry.Unil
I Masonry.Brick...

1
!

jfl|

Masonry.Unil
I Masonry.Brick...

m\

Masonry.Unit
Masonry.Brick....

. 10.28. MATERIALS

. 10.29. TOOL PALETTES,


Materials

. 10.30.

470

10

* . !
.
. 10.30.
, ,
. ?
CONVERTOLDMATER1ALS1 ().

10.6.

.
,
, ( v
). .
(
).
AutoCAD AutoVision.
View | Render ( | ),
2 Render () (. 10.31).

;#! ?.!&''%4&
. 10.31. Render

( *
AutoCAD):
- (
());
- ( RENDER
());

v. ;
- LIGHTS IN MODEL (
) ( LIGHTLIST ());
- MATERIALS (),
. 10.28 ( MATERIALS ());

.
.

471

(
, MATERIALMAP' ());
( RENDERENVIRONMENT ());
V?
ADVANCED RENDER PREFERENCES
( ),
( RPREF
()).
RENDER (), ,
.
(. 10.32).

<** Mappinn-TempOUi? - Render


file

l#aw

Tods
Image Information
Render Statistics
Date
Render time
Triangle count
Light count
Material count
Memory used

2 2006
00:00:06
246
2
2
5034 KB

Materials
Apply materials
Texture sampling
Force 2-sided

On
On
On

Sampling
Min samples
Max samples
Max samples
Filter width
Filter height
Contrast color
Shadows
Mode
Shadow map

Output Ffle Name


4 $ Mdpping-Temp002
4($ Mapping-TempOOl
$J Mapping- TempOOO

<i -

640 x 400

...:....... V t o w o r : ';..

00:00:06
00:00:06

ViewOl
Current

Lighting
Photons/light
Energy multiplier

00:00:00
1

Render: 100,0%

Gauss
3,000
3.000
0.050:0.05(

Simple
Off

Ray Tracing
Max depth
Max reflection
Max refraction

_ I View

I Output Size
.;:;.640x480'''';.. '
640 X 480

1
4

10000
1,000

. 10.32.


RENDERCROP () (. 10.33).

472

10

""
I. -
*

. 10.33.

. 10.33

View | Redraw ( | ) View | Regen ( | ).
Render ()
, ;,
( , . .). ,
(, . . 10.11).
(, ). . 10.34
( , ).

. 10.34.

10.6.1.
,
: , , .
, , -

473

, . (
) .
,
.
,
.
(, ).
, ,

. , ,
,
. ( ,
) 0 160 .
,
(. 10.35).

. 10.35.

P01NTL1GHT1 (), w'


View | Render | Light | New Point Light ( | | |
), .
:
Specify source location <0,0,0>:
( <0,0,0>.)
.
LIGHT .
:
Enter an option to change
/'ante/IntensityVStatus/sliadoW/'Attenuation/Color/eXitJ
<eXit>:
(
[/ / ////] < >:)
:

Name () ;

Intensity () (), 0;

474

10

Status () : oN () oFf ();


shadoW () : Off (), Sharp (), soFt ();

Attenuation ()
. : attenuation Type ( ), Use limits (
), attenuation start Limit ( ), attenuation Emi
limit ( ). None ( ,
Inverse linear ( ), inverse Squared ( );

Color () ;

eXit () .

' PROPERTIES (),


.
. 10.36 ,
. ,
.

. 10.36.

SPOTLIGHT (),

View | Render | Light | New Spotlight ( | | | \
. :
' *

Specify source location <0,0,0>:


( <0,0,0>:)
, . :
Specify target location <O,0,-10>:
( <0,0,-10>:)
' .

475

,
:
Enter an option to change
[Name/Intensity/Status/Hotspot/Fallof/shadoW/Attenuation/Color/eXit] <eXlt>:
(
[////////] <>.)

: Hotspot () Fallof ().
.
(. 10.37).

. 10.37.

. 10.38.

. 10.38 ,
.
D1STANTLIGHT1 (),
I | View | Render | Light | New Distant Light ( | |
| ), .
:
Specify light directon FROM <0,0,0> or [Vector]:
( <0,0,0> []:)
, , ,
. :
Specify light directon TO <1,1,1>:
( <1, !,!>:)

476

10

( ). :
Enter an option to change
[Name/lntensity/Status/shado W/Color/eXit] <eXit>:
(
[/////] <>:)
.
,
, , LIGHTS IN MODEL
( ) (. 10.39),
.
Lights in Model:
Type
4

V
V

| Light Name
DistantlightS
Distantlighr.6
Pointlight2
Pointlight3
Spotlight4

Click a light on the list to select it in the


model. Use CTRL for multiple selection.
!
Note: Distant lights and the sun do not
;
appear as interface objects in the model.

. 10.39. LIGHTS IN MODEL

LIGHTLIST (), \
:) Render (), View |
Render | Light | Light List ( | | | ) Tools |
Palettes | Lights ( | | ). LIGHTS IN MODEL
( ) , ;
(, ?,
).
LIGHT ()
. ,
, : P01NTLIGHT ( \
SPOTLIGHT () DISTANTL1GHT ().
, .
.
GEOGRAPHICLOCATION' (), .

477

View J Render | Light | Geographic Location ( |



| | ),
Geographic Location ( ) (. 10.40).
Geographic Location
"Latitude

1 59.8944

Latitude:
Direction:

zl

[North

1 30.2641

Longitude;
Direction:

JEast

f ? Nearest Big Cityl

' North Direction Angle:


I

1 0.0000
1
XY Plane
of WCS

Region:

/T\

Qj

] Europe
Nearest City:
j Saint Petersburg, Russia
Timeone
(GMT+02:00) Athens, Beirut, Istanbul, Minsk

Cancel

Help

. 10.40. Geographic Location

,
: Regions (), Nearest City
( ) Time Zone ( ).
LATITUDE LONGT1TUDE.
, , (
)
SUNPROPERTIES' (), I
View | Render | Light | Sun Properties ( | | |
). SUN PROPERTIES
( ) (. 10.41).

L1GHTGLYPHDISPLAY. 1,
, 0 . ' .

17

478

View | Render | Light | Light Glyphs ( | | |


).
.

j Status
Intensity Factor
i Color
Shadows

Off
1
D 255,255,255
On

Date
21.09.2006
; Time
15;00
: Daylight Savings No
I Azimuth
231
Altitude
'21
Source Vector

-0,7323,-0.5832,0..

ff^WSHWsWPWIW^! !>
| Type
I Map Size
| Softness

Sharp
256

City: Saint Petersburg, Russia


Time Zone: (GMT+02:00) Athens,
Beirut, Istanbul, Minsk
Latitude: 59.8944
| Latitude Direction: North
Longitude: 30.2641
Longitude Direction: East

A
. 10.41. SUN PROPERTIES

, ,
.
CONVERTOLDLIGHTS ().

10.6.2.
\* Render () MATERIALS (
), MATERIALS (),
(. . 10.28). (.),
(
). , ,
, . .
,
:

&

;
;

_ .

479

MATERIALMAP
().
MATERIALMAP ()
:
Select an option
[Box/Planar/Spherical/Cylindrical/copY mapping to/Reset mapping] <Box>:
(
[/////]
<>:)
: copY mapping to ()
; Reset mapping ()
( , . .).
,
:
Accept the mapping or [Move/Rotate/reseT/sWitch mapping mode]:
( [/// ]':)
, , , ,
.
. 10.42 ,
.
( ).

. 10.42.

(, , . .)
Material Editor ( ) MATERIALS
() (. . 10.28). , ,
.

480

10

10.6.3.
RENDERENVIRONMENT1 () Render ()

. Render Environment ()
(. 10.43).
, , Fog/Depth Cue
(/) Enable Fog ( ),
(Color), (Fog Background),
(Near Distance) (Far Distance) , (Near Fog Percentage) (Far Fog Percentage)

y& Render Environment

_M ^

Fog / Depth Cue


Enable Fog

Fog Background

128.128,128

:0ff

i Near Distance

;100

: Neat Fog Percentage

Procedure

View

Destination

, Window

Output file name

SO

; Far Distance

Far Fog Percentage

<J5 ~

Render Context

'On

"COIM

Output size

: 640x480

Materials

~:

. Apply materials On

.100

'

'

Texture filtering On
I Force 2-sided

On

Sampling

Help

Max samples

Filter type

Gauss
3

Filtei width

. 10.43. Render Environment

Min samples

Filter height
Contrast color

>v

;3
0.05.0.05.0.05.0.05

Contfast red

:o.os

Contrast blue

0.05

| Contrast green 0.05


. Contrast alpha

0.05

Shadows

vV **

Mode

Simple

Shadow map

Off

. 10.44.
ADVANCED RENDER SETTINGS

10.6.4.
RPREF () * Render ()
ADVANCED RENDER SETTINGS (
) (. 10.44),
. .
1

481

10.7.

. , . .
,
. ,
,
.
3DWALK () 3DFLY ()

. Z,
.
. 10.12 3D Navigation (3M ),

:
( 3DWALK ());
( 3DFLY ());

<

( WALKFLYSETTINGS
()).
WALKFLYSETTINGS ()
Walk and Fly Settings ( ) (. 10.45).

mu

gjWalk and Fly Sellings


'Settings:~-.
Ksplay instruction window:
^'*

valkand fly modes!

...' P Qoce-per session


f* fcjjsver
P" Display Eosition Locator window
Current drawing settings
Walk/fly tep sbe:
[

Steps per second!

drawing units

Help

. 10.45. W a l k and Fly S e t t i n g s

Settings ()
. , POSITION LOCATOR
( ) ( ). Current drawing
16 3. 326

482

10

settings ( ) ,
. !, , .
Walk/fly size ( /) , Steps per second ( ).

. *
, ( ).
Walk and FI>
Navigation Mappings ( ) (. 10.46).
Settings ()
Walk and Fly Settings ( ) (. . 10.45).
B W a t k and Fly Navigation Mappings

Navigate in Walk and Fly modes using


the keyboard and the mouse. Move
through the model using the keyboard
and look around and turn using the
mouse.
The following mappings are available:
Tab
Up arrow /W key
Down arrow / S key
Left arrow/A key
Right arrow/D key
Drag mouse
Fkey

Show this topic


Move forward
Move backward
Move left
Move right
Look around &turn
Toggle Fly mode

zm

" Don't show rne this; again

. 10.46. Walk and Fly Navigation Mappings

,
:

<> <W> ;

<1> <S> ;

- > <> ;

<->> <D> ;

<F> .

483

, ,
.
<>.
()
POSITION LOCATOR ( ) (. 10.47),
, .

Position indicator color Red


| Position indicator si2e Small
l Position indicator blink; OB
; Taiget indicatoi

On

.Target indicator color . 0 Green


; Preview transparency; 50%
Preview visual style

- Realistic

llliriini

. 10.47. POSITION LOCATOR

. ,
(. . "").
,
POSITION LOCATOR ( ).

( ),
.
ANIPATH (),
View | Motion Path Animations ( ).
Motion Path Animation ( )
(. 10.48).

10

484
Motion Path Animation

'Animation settings "

Camera
Link camera to:
Point

<? Path

dumber, of frames;

j Pathl

I j 30

dd

Frame rate (FPS):

n~

{ Qiuration (seconds):

Msual style;

'Tareet

jAs displayed

v Link target to:


, <~ Pcjnt

( Path

Al

.Format: '.

A<MV

Resolution:
^ J

* | i^Cwne_r deceleration

20 x 240

J "

l F~ Reverse

17 when previewing show camera preview


Preview.:,

I ;

OK

Cancel.

Help

. 10.48. Motion Path Animation


. Camera () (
Point ()). Path ()
4 (,
). ( Pathl).
. 10.49 , ,
.

. 10.49.

485

Target () Motion Path Animation (


) ,
.
Format ()
: AVI, MOV, MPG WMV. Animation settings
( ) ,
(frames) .
Preview (),
.
( 30). . 10.50 10.51 .

. 10.50. 4

. 10.51. 18

Motion Path Animation (


) ,
, .
, ,
AutoCAD , Windows Media Player (
MOV ). (.
. 10.13) .

10.8. 10
1. :

,
.

486

,
.

5parts.

2. :

Cam (.
.10.49).

, .

3. :

XY ,
250 600 .

Masonry.Glass. :
, .

: , .
.

4. :

, . 10.49
. (-1715, 1189, 1000), (1940, 1227, 1000)
(1951, 227, 1000). 1000 .

AVI.

AutoCAD.

1 1



, , .
, .
Model (
).

. AutoCAD
. ,
AutoCAD 2000, .
AutoCAD
(Layoutl (1), Layout2 (2) . .), Model ().
,
, .

12.

11.1.

,
Layoutl (1)
Layout2 (2).
AutoCAD, Layoutl (1)
.
,
:

Model ();

(
Layoutl (!));

11

488

(
).

,
(
MODEL () PAPER ()).
(. 11.1).

'

AutoCAD 200/ IDiawmgl.dwg]


' Edit View [r'sett Fojmat Jools Djaw Dimension Modify Express Window: iietp
; p'D Modeling

T j : i (' ''')

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,
, Model (). (
) , .
,
,
(, , . .).
. .
(. 11.2),
.

489


New layout
From template...
Delete
Rename
Move or Copy...
Select Ail Layouts
Activate Previous Layout
Activate Model Tab
Page Setup Manager...
PlotHide Layout and Model tabs
. 11.2.

Page Setup Manager ( )


Page Setup Manager (
) (. .), ,
, , .

( 12). Page setups ( )
(*Layoutl* .),
. Current page setup ( ) .

Page Setup Manage!

^
owe

Current layout:

Learn about the


Page Setup manager

layout 1

gage setups
; Currentpage setup: <None>

'LayoutZ*

/it'
Jrnport.-

Selected page setup details


Pevtcenaffle:'' ' '; None
' 'plotteri'-}"'-

None

Plot size:

210.00x297.00 mm (Landscape)

Wherei

* * applicable

Description:

The layout wiR not be plotted unless a new plotte


configuration/nameIs selected.

" Display when creating a new layout

Close

Help

. 11.3. Page Setup Manager

11

490

Selected page setup details ( )


, .
Page Setup Manager (
) :

Set Current ()
;

New () New Page Setup (


) (. 11.4) ;

New Page Setup

iewjMg* setup name!"'.'."....

Start with;
<IMone>
<Defautt output device>
"layouti*..
*Layout2*

$.:.

fiK

' ,, Cancel

|'

..

| .

. 11.4. New Page Setup

Modify () Page Setup ( )


(. 11.5) (
);

Import () DWG-,
.

New Page Setup ( )


, Page Setup
( ) .
Plot () (. 6).
Page Setup Manager ( )
Display when creating a new layout (
), Page Setup ( ) ,
.

.
. . ,
.
.

Page Setup - Layout!


' Page setup
Name:

Plot style table (pen assignments)

7j/

jNone

<None>

P Display plot styles


t Printer/plotter
! Name:
Shaded viewport options; '
| Plotter:

Lexmark X74-X75- Windows System Driver- by Au... _ j ^^

j Where:

USB001

H^

1&&$ d,
Qgality :

i Description:

dJ

[f Jorma!

Paper st^e

~3

]A4

17 Plot with plot styles

" Plot area

' Plot scale

17 Plot paperspace last

ffihattoplot;
jiayout
r

" Hde paperspace objects

Plot offset (origin set to printable area)


j..

|o.OO

.mm

jo.00

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mm

3.

jl

j.

z3

Scale: 11:1

yrilt',

Drawing orientation
Portrajt

'

' '

*" laQdscape

" Scale lineweights

" Plot upside-down


OK

Cancel

. 11.5. Page Setup

VIEWPORT ( ) AutoCAD,
, , (
).
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11

492
EJAutoCAD 2007 - (D:Uemp\3D House dwq]
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. 11.6. ,

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[].
.
(. . 11.2) :

New layout ( ) ;

From template ( ) ;

Delete () ;

Rename () ;

Move or Copy (/)


, ;
Select Layouts ( ) (
);
Activate Previous Layout ( )
, ;

493

asE

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; file': Edit .yiew Insert :F2tmat ; lools'' Etaw Dimension M% ' E^piess . Window. Help
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. 11.7.

Activate Model Tab ( )


;
Page Setup Manager ( )
Page Setup Manager ( ) (. . 11.3);
Plot () ;
Hide Layout and Model tabs' ( )
,
( ).

Model () Activate Model Tab (
) .

TILEMODE: TILEMODE = 1
( Model ()), TILEMODE = 0 (
. 12).
1

11

494

11.2.
Sample\3D House.dwg
.
PLAN ()
(. 11.8).

utoCAD 200/ IDATcmpViD llouse.dwq]


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. 11.8. 3D House

.
Layoutl (1) (. . 11.2) New layout (
). Layout3 (),
. .
,
, AutoCAD (. 11.9).
,
(
, ).
MODEL () PAPER ().


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495
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0, , (

<Delete>). . 11.1 (
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Viewports ( ) (. 11.10).
viewports

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. 11.10. Viewports

.
:

fff Viewports ( ) (. 10);


;
, ,
;


;
l ^ l
;

11

496


.
Q Viewports ( )
. MVIEW
() -VPORTS (-) (
, ).
AutoCAD :
Specify corner of viewport or
[ON/OFF/Fit/Shadeplot/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4]<Fit>:
( [////
////2/3/4] <>:)
,
.
(
). :
Specify opposite corner:
( :)
,
(. 11.11).

4 3-

. 11.11.


.
. 11.12.

497

. 11.12.

,
( ).
, ,
:
.
MVIEW ():

ON () ,
OFF ();
OFF () ;
Fit () ;
Shadeplot ()
( ,
, );
Lock ()
;
Object () ,
(, , , );
Polygonal ()
( );
Restore () ,

;

11

498

2 2 ;

3 3 ;

4 4 .

.
,
,
( , , , . .).
.
, . . 11.4.
PAPER (),
MODEL (). ,
, ,
(. 11.13). ,
PAPER ()
.
,
, . ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
(, ).

. 11.13. MODEL

499

MODEL ()
. ,
.
, , ,
.
MODEL/PAPER (/)
(MODEL PAPER, ).
:
MODEL (),
PAPER ().
MODEL () PAPER ()
MSPACE ()
PSPACE ().

11.3.
.
, : ,
. MODEL () ( !)
View | 3D Views ( |
) View ()
. .
.

LIGHTGLYPHDISPLAY CAMERADISPLAY'.
. 11.14.
. . 11.7.
(
) . ,
?
,
. 4,
( ,
).
MODEL () ,
Layers (). Layer
Properties Manager ( ).
;

4v/;.

11

500

, .
, ,
, ,
( )
Plot ()
(. 11.15).

. 11.14. MODEL

EIE3

IBs]Layer P'opeilies M a n a g e !

v N -p|

, olXIVI

Stat
4& All Used La;
->
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Apply to tayeisioclbar

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Cancel

Apply

. 11.15. Layer Properties Manager ,


| . Help

501

:
Current VP Freeze ( )
( );

New VP Freeze ( )
(
).

Current VP Freeze ( )
:
'] .
,
(), .
.
Layers
() (. . 11.8), , ^
. Layers ()

.

, . New VP
Freeze ( )
: ]
.
, , -
,
,
. . 11.16
,
.

9. ,
,
.
,
.
, ,
.
, .
AutoCAD ,
PAPER (),
. . 11.17
,

11

502

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,
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V

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. 11.16.
1

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. 11.17.

,
(, viewports),
(. 11.18).

503

. 11.18.


,
Plot () .
.
. 11.5.

11.4.

ZOOM () Scale ().
2, ()
( X , , ,
), .
- 1:10,
MODEL (),
ZOOM () Scale ().
AutoCAD :
Enter a scale factor (nX or nXP):
( ( ):)
. IXP . 1.

Viewports ( ) (. 11.19).

1 '

504

. 11.19.

,
. AutoCAD
: Scale to fit (), 1:1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:8, 1:10, 1:16, 1:20, 1:30,
1:40, 1:50, 1:100, 2:1, 4:1, 8:1, 10:1, 100:1.
SCALELISTEDIT () . 6.
. ,
1:5, 1:5 0.2
<Enter>, .
, !
Viewports ( ) .

11.5.

.
AutoCAD ,
, . . Viewports
( ) (. . 11.19).
, !
(, ,
).
Polygonal () -VPORTS (-),
. 11.2.
AutoCAD :
Specify start point:
( :)
.
:
Specify next point or [Arc/Length/Undo]:
( [//]:)

505

( Close ()) ,
( <Enter>).
, ,
.
PEDIT () .

Viewports ( ).

Object () -VPORTS (-).
AutoCAD .
,
. PAPER
(), .
, , .
. . 11.20
.

BadJWiF* 1 ^

--

. 11.20.

Viewports ( )
.
, 7.
,
, .
, ,
. ,
, ( ,

1:

506

). ,
, ,
( ).

11.6.

1 .
AutoCAD ,
AutoCAD.
Standard () QS|,
QNEW ().
(. 12), AutoCAD
.
, Create New Drawing (
) Select Template ( ).

NEW () File | New ( | ) Create New Drawing ( )


Select Template ( ), .

Create New Drawing ( ) (. 1)


Use a Template ( ).
. 11.21.

Create New Diawing

Use a Template

Select a Template:.
Iso aO -named plot styles, dwt
Iso a1 -color dependent plot styles.dwt
Iso a1 -named plot styles, dwt
Iso a2 -color dependent plot styles,dwt
Iso a2 named p[0t styles.dwt
Iso a3 -named plot styles.dwt
''Template Descrtption; ;:""" ;---. -j^-fr
ISO A3 title'block and bolder.' Uses Color Dependent Pfot Styles;

Cancel

. 11.21. Create New Drawing, Use a Template

507


ANSI, DIN .,
. , ANSI ,
.
,
Select Template ( ).
Iso -color dependent plot styles.dwt.
, (. 11.22).

. 11.22. , ISO A3

, ,
( ISO A3 Title Block) (
). ,
,
.
LIST (),
. .
.
(. 7).

11

508

,
, , , .
.
, ,
File | Save As ( | )
SAVEAS (). Save Drawing As (
). dwt,
Files of type ( ) AutoCAD Drawing Template (*.dwt)
( AutoCAD (*.dwt)). AutoCAD Template
, .
File name ( ) Sav<
(). Template Description ( '
(. 11.23).

Description'' ' . ::

vy-:": ' -'-. /:--'

'' 1 ^
. 1 ... .

; '; C a n c e l '
;!

::

Measurement
Metric
. 11.23. Template Description

Measurement ()
Description ()
. Template Description ( ),
. ,
Template , .

Template Documents and Settings


.

11.7.

Draw | Modeling | Setup ( | | ) (.
. 11.24) ,
.

509

.

.

i Profile

. 11.24. Draw | Modeling | Setup

SOLVIEW (-), Draw | Modeling |


Setup | View ( | | | ),
.
, . 11.17.
,
. Layout 1 (1),
, , ( , ).
SOLVIEW (-):
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/'Auxiliary/Section]:
( [///]:)
<Enter> . :

Ucs () ;

Ortho () ,
;

Auxiliary ()
;

Section () .

Ucs (). :
Enter an option [NameaVWorlaY?/CurrentJ <current>:
( [/Mod?/] <>:)
World () , . .
. :
Enter view scale <I>:
( <!>:)
, 0.02 (1:50). AutoCAD
:
Specify view center:
( :)

1'

510

.

(. 11.25).
=

LJISB

<

. 11.25.

(,
). '
, <Enter>
:
Specify view center <specify viewport>:
( < >:)
, <Enter>.
. <Enter>
:
Specify the first corner of viewport:
( :)
:
Specify the other corner of viewport;
( :)
:
Enter view name:
( :)

511

(, ). AutoCAD
(. 11.26).

[Enter an option

jxfery

. 11.26.

:
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]:
( [///]:)
, ,
, Ortho (). :
Specify side of viewport to project:
( :)
(
Midpoint ()) (. 11.27).
, . .
( ).
,

.
. .
(. 11.28).
Ortho () SOLVIEW (-)
, .
-VPORTS (-) MVIEW ()
-

512

. ,
(. 11.29).

. 11.27.

. 11.28.

SOLV1EW (-)
.
, , Layer Properties Manager
( ) (. 11.30).

513

. 11.29.

?M

|] Layer Properties Manager

5 f e i

dl

U x !

\ f \ 'Cuire iltayenO

Stat Mame

: On Freei Lock Cola

* J All Used L s? BL__

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' R Apply to layers joolbai

OK

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Help

. 11.30. , SOLVIEW

. 11.30 , VPORTS.
( , ).
(, , ), ,
: DIM, HID VIS.
: DIM
, vis ,
H I D .
SOLDRAW (-).
17 3. 326

11

514

Auxiliary () SOLVIEW (-)


,
( ).
,
:
Specify first point of inclined plane:
( .)
:
Specify second point of inclined plane:
( :)
. 11.31 ,
. AutoCAD ,
:
Specify side to view from:
( .)

[S pacify 'view carta "I ["] |'<W'

. 11.31.

.

. . 11.31 ,
,
.
. 11.32 , .

515

. 11.32.


MOVE () . ,
, .
Section () SOLVIEW (-)
.
, Auxiliary ().
HAT,
.
SOLDRAW (-), Draw |
Modeling | Setup | Drawing ( | | | ),
, SOLVIEW
(-).
,
. SOLDRAW (-)
, :
Select viewports to draw...
Select objects:
( ...
:)
,
.
AutoCAD
,
, -

516

11

, SOLVIEW (-) (, -vis


, -
). . . 11.33
, . 11.29,
SOLDRAW (-).

ft

II |1

/\

II II
II II

II II
II II

II II

II II

. 11.33. SOLDRAW

, SOLVIEW (-),
(. . )
.
, ,
HIDDEN. . 11.33 .
() SOLVIEW (-),
SOLDRAW (-).
SOLPROF (-), Draw | Modeling | Setup | Profile (
| | | ).
SOLPROF (-) (
SOLVIEW (-)).
.
MODEL
() .
, , :
Display hidden profile lines on separate layer? [Yes/No] <Y>:
( ? [/] <>:)

517

Yes () (
, PV-7A -7 , 7
( ) , LIST
()). Yes (). :
Project profile lines onto a plane? [Yes/No] <Y>:
( ? [/Herri] <>:)
Yes () No () ,
,
(
). :
Delete tangential edges? [Yes/No] <Y>:
( ? [/] <>:)
Yes () ,
.
. 11.34 SOLPROF (-).

.

. 11.34.

FLATSHOT (), 2007,


, , SOLPROF (-
), (. 9).

11

518

11.8.
( )
Layouts () (. 11.35).

IUQIQ
. 11.35. Layouts

( LAYOUT ());

( LAYOUT ());
( PAGESETUP ());

( VPORTS ()).

(, ,
) LAYOUT ().
,
(, " ").
(.
. 11.2) Insert | Layout ( | ).
:

New Layout ( );

Layout from Template ( );

Create Layout Wizard ( ).

( LAYOUTWIZARD ();
.
Tools | Wizards | Create Layout (
| | ).
, .
.
1. Begin (). (,
).

2. Printer (). .
3. Paper Size (). ( )
(, 4).
4. Orientation (). : Portrait ()
Landscape ().

519

5. Title Block ( ). -
( DWG-).
6. Define Viewports ( ).
, , .
: None () ; Single
( ) ; Std. 3D Engineering Views
( )
; Array () .
7. Pick Location (). Select location ()
.
8. Finish (). .
. 11.36
.
, .

, - ,

" |

. 11.36.

11.9. 11
1. :

,
, .

520

11

Model ().

2. :

1 2



AutoCAD ,
. ,

.

: , ,
.

12.1.
, AutoCAD
,
, .

.

12.1.1.

, ,
. DWF-.
Autodesk DWF Composer,
AutoCAD.
DWG- DWF (.
), , ,
. Autodesk DWF Composer

DWF-, .
AutoCAD .

522

12

MARKUP SET MANAGER ( ) (. 12.1) MARKUP (), Standard () Tools | Palettes | Markup Set

Manager ( | | ),
<Ctrl>+<7>.
H A U I D C A D 2007 - |D:\AuloCAD2007\Sample\Sheet Sets\Civil\Mastel Site Plan d u g ]
'4

File'. Edit ,.:View '.Imett;; Fcif mat

Tools

Draw 'Dimensw.-' Modify; Expfess. .Window' Help:-

'

-TTJ

ffj x j

: GRID; ORTHO: POUR;|OSNAP"|OTRACK|DUCS [DYN IWT |PAPER '

. 12.1.

,
MARKUP SET MANAGER ( ).
DWF- ,
Recent () Open ().
AutoCAD 2007\Sample\Sheet Sets\Civil\Civil Sample Sheet Set.dwf,
'.
Markups () (. 12.1) .
DWF-, .
(, Replace two handicap

DWF-, .

523

parking spaces with three standard parking spaces (


)).
( &).
, Details () :

Markup status ( );

Markup creator ( );

Markup created ( );

DWF status ( DWF);

Markup History ( );

Notes ().

:
<None> (<>);

? Question ();

< For Review ();

i/ Done ().

,
DWF-.
Autodesk DWF Composer.

12.1.2.
,
ETRANSMIT () File |
eTransmit ( | ). ETRANSMIT (
) Create Transmittal (
) (. 12.2).
Current Drawing(s) ( )
: Files Tree ( ) Files Table ( ).
, ,
, :
, , . .
,
. Add File (
) .

, Select a transmittal setup (
).
Transmittal Setups ( ),
Transmittal Setups ( )
(. 12.3).

524

12

ua

Create Transmittal
jjggj

Current Drawing(s): '

.,. ^

Current user Admmistratot

Select a transmittalsetup

Files Tree] Files Tatfe!


i'*!?* Current Drawing
8 " y l 3D House.dwg
] AutoCAD Font Map
-] acad.fmp

-] Woods - Plastics.Finish Carpentry. W>


y ' Sitework.Paving - Surfacing.Riverstc
Doors Windows.Wood Doors.Ash.
: Included20file(sV7737KB

Add File

Enter notes to include with (his transmittal package:

Viewflepbrt

OK
Cancel,
Help

. 12.2. Create Transmittal

sail

I31 Transmittal Setups

(9

Currant user: AdniinSstfator


MvTransmit
Standard

f $ew
Rename
Modify..
Delete

Close

. 12.3. Transmittal Setups

: New (
), Rename (), Modify (), Delete ().
Modify (),
Modify Transmittal Setup (
) (. 12.4).
Modify Transmittal Setup (
) Transmittal package type ( )
, :

525

Folder (set of files) ( );

Self-extracting executable (*.exe) ( -);

Zip(*.zip).

File Format ( )
DWG-:

Keep existing drawing file formats (He );

AutoCAD 2007/LT 2007 Drawing Format1 ( AutoCAD 2007/LT 2007);

AutoCAD 2004/LT 2004 Drawing Format ( AutoCAD 2004/LT 2004);

AutoCAD 2000/LT 2000 Drawing Format ( AutoCAD 2000/LT 2000).


Modify Tiansmitlal Setup
I f Curfent user: Administrator
Current transmittal setup; MyTiansmrt
,.j Transmittal type and location;;;
; .Jransmittal packagetype;

File formats

jwj

] Keep existing drawing file formats


Transmittal file lojdei ?:

zi

JDAAutoCAD2007\Sample\

rowse... J

Transmittal file name:

j Prompt for a filename

; Transmittal Options';
1 ( Use organizedfoldei structure
Sowcexoot folder:;.
] D: \AutoCAD 2007SS ample\

"

zl

B.C

-~ |i

! fjace all files in one folder


i <~ fCeep files and folders as is
Include fonts
; R Incjude textures fiorrt rrratefiats .
;
f~ S_end e-mail v#vt(ansmittal
!~ Set default plotter to'none'

i f " Bind external references


If Prompt fat password

Transmittal setup description;

OK

Cancel

Help

. 12.4. Modify Transmittal Setup

' .

526

12

, , ,
AutoCAD 2000.
Transmittal file folder ( )
Browse () ,
().
Transmittal file name ( )
,
:
Prompt for afilename( );
Overwrite if necessary (, );
Increment file name if necessary ( , ).
Transmittal Options ( )
:
Use organized folder structure ( ) (
Source root folder ( ) );
Place all files in one folder ( );
Keepfilesand folders as is ( );
Include fonts ( );
Include textures from materials' ( );
Send e-mail with transmittal ( );
Set default plotter to 'none' ( );
Bind external references ( );
Prompt for password ( ).
(Transmittal setup description ( ))
Modify Transmittal Setup (
) (. 12.4) .
Create Transmittal (
) (. . 12.2) View Report (
) .
, .
, ,
.

12.1.3. ()
,
( ),
1

527

Reference Manager ( ).
, | (Start | Programs)
Autodesk | AutoCAD 2007 Reference Manager (
). , AutoCAD .
Reference Manager ( )
(. 12.5).

*> d. ew
Add Dramas

' 3jj> Edil Selected Paths Find and Replace .

; Shapes

Reference'Name
Hand
SHEET INFO

Resolved

ARIALTTF

v
|5 Plot Configuration *

Resolved
Resolved

DWF6
DWF6ePlotpc3

Resolved
Resolved
Resolved
Resolved
Resolved
Resolved
Resolved
Resolved

DWF6ePlot.pc3
DWF6 ePlot.pc3
DWF6 ePIot.pcS
DWF6 .
Autodesk-MON...
Autodesk-MON...
Autodesk-MON...
Autodesk-MON,.

TITLE1
ArchEl
Furniture Plan
Model
ArchEl
Floor Plan
Model
ArchEl
Furniture Plan
ArchEl
Floor Plan

< Plot Configuration


0 8th Fkx Plan
1 Plot Configuration
! A Forts
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] - R Plot Configuration;
Jt4 Plot Configuration
Plot Styles
P l o t Style
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-i -5% d.W;ad2007\help\tutoiiali Plot Style

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Shape
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Shapes

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<.--.

;.-.-

Status
.-' | File Heme
v" Resolved
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ttf
* Resolved
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Type
:
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! A Fonts
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1 - Plol Styles
? Plot Configuration

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V
v

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v*

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-. ; * 1

C:\WIND0WS\forHs
cAdocuments and settings'-.-.
cAdocuments and settings^ ..
cAdocuments and settings1
c:\documents and settings'^
cAdocuments and settings'-^'
cAdocuments and settings^
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cAdocuments and settings^,-.-.
cAdocuments and settings V-:
cAdocuments and setting; V
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ltypeshp.shx
IrypesFpshx

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6th Floor Plandwg fth Floor Plan

| <|

kOfaivings added 2 - Drawings broken' 0

i ? Help
] S a v e d Petri | F e t n d P a t h '
C:\WlND0WSMonts
CAWINDOWSUonts

.....[

Relerencas: 22 - Selected 1

. 12.5. Reference Manager

Add Drawings (
) ,
. . 12.5 8th Floor Furniture Plan.dwg,
HelpYTutorials AutoCAD, ,
Reference Manager ( ):

Fonts ();

Plot Configurations ( );

Plot Styles ( );

Shapes ();

Xrefs ( ).
.
,
. , ,
Edit Selected Paths ( ).
Edit Selected Paths ( )
.
Status () .
Reference Manager
( ) Apply Changes ( ).

12

528

Reference Manager ( )
: , ;
OLE-; ; ; - (
); .

TrueType .

12.1.4.
AutoCAD
. , , ,
. ,
, AutoCAD.
,
OPTIONS () Tools | Options ( | )
Options () Open and Save (
/) (. . 12.6).

Current profile:

Unnamed Profile

< Current drawing:

. 3D, House.dwg"

Files j Display ; Openand ? a . e j p [ o t and Publish] System] User Preferences] Drafting] 3D Modeling] Selection] Profiles
::!'f::FJe.Sav8 '";

/FileOpen
i |3

'"""
ijurober of recently-used files to list

/(AutoCAD 2007 Drawing (* dwg)


;

, fv'Display full path in title

Ihumbnail Preview Settings...


External References lXrefs)
50

Incremental save percentage

: /''Demand load Xrefsi','r'"'/j Enabled with copy

Fife Safety Precautions

-|

* .' p" Retain changes to Xief layers


' " P* Allow other usms"to fiefedit currenl! drawing

P Automatic save
110

JHinutes between saves

Create backup copy with each save

" Full-time CRC validation


" Maintain a jog file
|ac$

File extension for temporary fifes

Qemand load OojectARX apps:


jObject delect and command invoke

jJ

images for custom objects:


jShow proxy graphics

Security Qptiora...

zl

17 Shoffl Proxy Information dialog box


] &

Display digital signature information

OK

Cancel

. 12.6. Options, Open and Save

Help

529

Security Options ().


Security Options ( ) (. 12.7).
Security Options
Password J Digital Signature)
Password or phrase to open this drawing
P

Encrypt drawing properties

Current encryption type;


Microsoft Base Cryptographic Provider vl.O

Advanced Options...

OK

Cancel

Help

. 12.7. Security Options, Password

. Password ()
Password or phrase to open this drawing (
( )) . Encrypt
drawing properties ( ),
(. 1) .
( . 12.7 Microsoft Base Cryptographic Provider
vl.O). Advanced Options (
),
Security Options ( ).
, Security
Options ( ) Digital Signature (
), Attach signature after
saving drawing ( ).
,
.
Security Options ( )
Confirm Password ( ).
AutoCAD ,
. INSERT ()
XREF () .
,
jji, 1, .

12

530

12.2.
() DWG-
. dst.
, Tools | Palettes | Sheet Set Manager ( |
| ) SHEETSET (),
SHEET SET MANAGER ( )
(. 12.8), . (
, ) <Ctrl>+<4>.

(Manufacturing...

jj

p f j ^ "":f:fp

j Manufacturing Sheet Set

.
Ei-jjp
[
!
\
!

Assemblies
&|j 02 - Drive Roller Asly Lower
- S I 03 Drive Roller Sub Assy
M Brush Roller Sub Assy
6| 05-Door Sub Assy
' %J 06-RollerDriveAssly
j - S 0 7 Intermittent Roller Sub A::: i
' 08 Floating Ball Sub Assy
Pa,ts

a.

zl

DC
] Status: Accessible
i Sheet: 01 Cover Sheet
I Description:
f j j Views:
[none]
I File Name: Cover Sheet.dwg
| Location: D: AutoCAD 2007\S ample
;
\Sheet Sets\Manufacturing
I File Size: 71KB (72 800 bytes)
< Last Saved: 72006.

. 12.8. SHEET SET MANAGER ( Sheet List)

Sheet List ( ) ;

Sheet Views' ( ) ;

Model Views ( ) , ,
.

' .

531

SHEET SET MANAGER ( ) ,


TOOL PALETTES (
). , , [g|
,
, |[?| .
Q .
(. 12.8)
. (
), :

Recent () ;

New Sheet Set ( ) (DST-);

Open () (DST-).

:
DWF- ( . 6);
;
,
,
.
( Sheets
()) ( Details/Preview (
/)).
. 12.9 SHEET SET MANAGER (
), Sheet Views ( ).
1 ( Views
()) ( Details/Preview
(/)).
. 12.10 SHEET SET MANAGER (
), Model Views ( ).
SHEET SET MANAGER ( )
Locations () Details/Preview (/
). ,
.

12.2.1.
NEWSHEETSET ()
File | New Sheet Set ( | )

, AutoCAD 2004 .

12

532

[Manufacturing Sheet Set

1 '&.
I
I

^-J

;:'..

*%! Manufacturing Sheet Set


j E i l f f i j 02-Drive RollerAsly Lower

.,.

>
*

j B"Ji! 03 -Drive Roller Sub Assy


; QDetail-A
De|

- B
ail-B
1 | 04-Blush Roller Sub Assy
Delail-B

1 !

J l

r~4

&

Ifomatrlo

^Sj

g g D.\AutoCAD2007SSample\Sheet?^
!+) '', Cover Sheet.dwg

GSCJSO_A3:dwt

^3|_ VW252-02-0142 dwg


VW252-02-0143.dwg
*% VW252-02-0200.dwg
"vW252-02-0203-1.dwg
VW252-02-0300.dwg
, VW252-02-0500-N.dwg
, VW252-02-0500.dwg
W252-02-0600.dwg
, '** \/???... d u m

DIB

View Category 252-02-0200


I
*
i On Sheet: 02 - Drive Roller Asly Lower
i
i File Name: VW252-02-0200.dwg
H
Location: D: \AutoCAD 2007\S ample
| \Sheet Sets\Manufacturing

- 3 Detail-C

; E S S 05-Door Sub Assy

[Manufacturing Sheet Set

' i Q'p
' D E-E
1

|3

am

Status: Accessible
I File Name: GSC_IS0 A3.dwt
Location: D:*Au7oCAD2007\Sample
\Sheet SetsSManufacturing
j File Size: 8 (87 904 bytes)
Last Saved: 15 2006 .
21:17:30
; Last Edited By: Autodesk

. 12.9. SHEET SET MANAGER


( Sheet Views)

. 12.10. SHEET SET MANAGER


( Model Views)

Tools | Wizards | New Sheet Set ( | |


).
NEWSHEETSET () ,
, . ,
, DST-.

. Begin ().
: An example sheet set ( )
,
; Existing drawings ( ) ,
.
, , ,
, ,
.
,
: Project number ( ), Project name ( ), Project
phase ( ), Project milestone ( ).
. 12.11 New sheet set (1) SHEET SET MANAGER
( ). ,

533

, (. 12.12) Resave All


Sheets ( ).

jNew Sheet

Set(1] j j

, >? : 3 "'

Sheet Set [1]

1 PB-BASE Layoutl
2 PB-EX41 Layoutl
| 3 PB-EX61 Layoutl
B j 4 PB-TITLE Layoutl

Close Sheet Set


'New .Sheet..
New Subset...
Import Layout as Sheet...

1
>

QS

Resave All Sheets


Archive...

$>

Publish
eTiansmk...
Transmittal Setups..,

1
s

Insert Sheet List Table...


.; -Ptope'tties,,.

. 12.11.
SHEET SET MANAGER

. 12.12.
( Sheet List)

( ,
);

12.2.2.
. -
, .
DWG-,
.
,
.
.
, ,
. New Subset
( ) (. . 12.12).

. (. 12.13).
Import Layout as
Sheet ( ) .

534


.
, .
Rename & Renumber ( )
Sheet List ( ) (. 12.14).
Open
Open read-

Collapse
New Sheet...
NewSubset... ...".
Import Layout as Sheet...

New SheetImport Layout as Sheet:::


Rename & Renumber...
Remove Sheet

.. Rename Subset.;.;
Remove Subset .,
Publish
eTiansmit.

Properties...
. 12.13.

Publish
eTiansmit...

>

Properties...
. 12.14.

New Sheet (
) .
DWG-, , ,
( ).
DST-
ds$.
, .
DST-, ds$
dst.
Sheet Views ( ) ,
.
(. 12.15) Create View Category ( ).

New View Category...

'Rename..;
Remove Category

Properties. .

Properties..

. 12.15.
( View List)

. 12.16.

(. 12.16),
,
.

Display

535

.^^^

Rename & Renumber..


Place Callout Block

View Title,

Place View Label Block

. 12.17.

. 12.18. -

(. 12.17).
:

Display () ;

Rename & Renumber ( )


;

Place Callout Block ( -) ;

Place View Label Block ( ) .

- (callout blocks) ,
. -
(), , .
. 12.18 (
).
-.
.
. 12.19.

REAR ELEVATION
Scale: -MS" s i '-"
. 12.19. -

,
. , ,
. (. 12.20)
Insert Sheet List Table ( )
, .
Model Views ( )
, .

( Model Views ( )).
ARCHIVE ()
, -

12

536

. Archive ()
. Archive a Sheet Set (
) (. 12.21).
Sheet List Table
Sheet Number

Sheet Title

01
02

Covet Sheet
Drive Roller Asly Lower
Drive Roller Sub Assy
Brush Rdler Sub Assy
Door Sub Assy
Roller Drive Assly
intermittent Roller Sub Assy, of Washer
floating Ball Sub Assy
Drive Roller (Brush);

03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10

Drive. Roller. (Fix)

11

Bearing Block_Slide
Bearing Sprt Plate
Top Plate
Base Plate
Washer Top Cover Detail

12
13
14
15

. 12.20.

JfflA'chive a Sheet Set

;;, .t.^vj? Current sheet 'set;. M.anufadwinfl'.SheHSet


Sheets Jdes Tree | files Table J
u

i .'.; Manufacturing Sheet Set

*'

] g 01 Cover Sheet
B ' ^ J Assemblies
E g !?" 02 Drive Roller Asly Lower

'
.

I S 3 53 03 Drive Roller Sub Assy


I - l j 04 Brush Roller Sub Assy
' ! iv? 05 Door Sub Assy
j j g S ? 06 Roller Drive Assly
i j V 07 Intermittent Roller Sub Assy. ot Washer

Enter notes to include with this archive: ...,/v .-

Vtew Report

-fiKi

,s.... _. __Eff!L_J

Modify Archive Setup... J

Help

F . 12.21. Archive a Sheet Set

Create Transmittal ( KOIV ) (. . 12.2). Sheets ()

537

,
.

12.3.
TOOL
PALETTES ( ), 7.
, .
, , LISP-, , , , DWG- .

12.4.
AutoCAD .
Microsoft Internet Explorer ,
( DWF), URL-.
AutoCAD .
Web'
(. 12.22).

1 'v' $ .
. 12.22. Web

.
(. 4)
Web-. GOTOURL (GOTOURL),
, , .

12.4.1.
Web-
HTML PUBLISHTOWEB (),
File | Publish to Web ( | ).
-. Web .
1. Begin (). : Create New Web Page ( Web-
) Edit Existing Web Page ( Web-).

VS.

538

2. Create Web Page ( Web-). :


(, 3dSoiid); , ;
.
3. Select Image Type ( ).
: DWF, JPEG PNG. (JPEC!
PNG) Image size (),
( ): Small (), Medium (],
Large (), Extra Large ( ).
4. Select Template ( ). : Array of Thumbnail
( ); Array plus Summary ( ); List
of Drawings ( ) List plus Summary (
).
5. Apply Theme ( ).
(): Autumn Field ( ); Classic (); Cloudy Sky (;
); Dusky Maize ( ); Ocean Waves ( ); Rainy
Day ( ); Supper Club ( ).
>5JWeb Publishing - Microsoft Internet Exploiei - [Woiking Olfline]
fe
;
*&.*

EditjVieis
i <

'
'."'i'^.

;:Favotes.;"Tools
1 -

X i :Z:
j

(:....,..;

Help
. , ' v , . Search

.,, .:.; j

'
:.:

Favorites

tolj*
~ W

Media '/&
.

*-

Address J*} D:\Temp\3DS0LID\acwebpublish.htm

3dSolid

. 12.23. Web-

z l S J G o : "? "'

539

6. Enable i-drop ( ). Enable


i-drop ( ),
DWG-,
AutoCAD .
7. Select Drawings ( ). .
8. Generate Images ( ).
: Regenerate images for drawings that have changed (
) Regenerate all images (
).
9. Preview and Post ( ).
.
,
acwebpublish.htm ( . 12.23 ).
..

12.4.2.

Autodesk. \ |.
AutoCAD
Autodesk .
\;\ , TRAYSETTINGS ()
(. . 2.27)
Tray Settings ( ). Tray Set
tings ( ) (. 12.24).

IgjjjJTray Settings
(7 display icons from service*
P' Display notifications from services
<*

fe"ri@ey]jme;

"(5 Seconds

("" Displayyntif closed

OK

Cancel

Help

. 12.24. Tray Settings

Display icons from services ( )



. | . | Display
notifications from services ( ).
Tray Settings ( )
, :

12

540

Display time ( )
(. 12.25);
( );
Display until closed ( )
( ).

*Jy

Communication Centet

The easy way to keep you and your software up-to-date.


Click hete
|DUCS(OYN LWT' [MODEL

. 12.25.

1| Communication Center (
) (. 12.26).
,
:

Specify your country/region and preferred update frequency (


)
Configuration Settings () (. 12.27), ;
Lonhguiation Settings
Settings

You must specify a country/region and a polling frequency to


enable the Live Update feature.
Country/Region
] Please indicate for which country/region you would tike the
, Live Update information, to be localized.

Communication Centei

The Communication Center is your direct


connection to the latest software updates,
product support announcements and more.
Please follow the configuration steps below
to start using the Communication Center.
Ivj Specify your countryfregion and
preferred update frequency,
J | Connect to the Internet and download
available intormation.

i' i- .

I H I - I it

Check for New Content


Please indicate how often you would like your product to
poll the yve Update feature.

"3

JDaily

'Balloon Notification
P? Balloon Notification for new announcements

:(8> COOMmi

Settings

. 12.26.
Communication Center

^.

. 12.27. Configuration Settings

541

Connect to the Internet and download available information (


)
;

Specify which information channels you wish to view (


) .

Configuration Settings () (. . 12.27)


, :

Country/Region ( )
;

Check for New Content ( )


;

Balloon Notification ( )
(. . 12.25).

Refresh Content ( ) Settings ()


Communication Center ( ) (. . 12.26) ,
, Configuration
Settings () (. . 12.27).
, www.autodesk.com Autodesk
AutoCAD ( ,
. .). ADN (Autodesk Developer
Network),
Autodesk,
- ( ADN ).

12.5.
AutoCAD
, :
(, , . .), (
, , . .),
( , . .) .

. .
,
, Windows,
Documents and Settings .
SETVAR ().
Tools | Inquiry | Set Variable ( |
| ).
, :
Enter variable name or [?]:
( [?]:)

12

542

,
, ? . . :
Enter variable(s) to list <*>:
( <*>:)
AutoCAD
, .
* ?. , *
, , DIM*T , ;
DIM . * .
AutoCAD )
(. 12.28).
<Enter>.
gBAuloCAD Window

-1-lxl

Didwingl.dwg

'
Command:

' setvar

Enter v a r i a b l e (s)

Enter
to

v a r i ei b l e

list

name o r

<*:

3DDWFPREC
2
ACADLSPASDOC
0
ACADPREFIX
" C : \ D o c u r o e n t s and
S e t t ino;s\ A d m i n i s t r a t o r . UN IVERSAtAAppl c a t i o . . . "
ACADVER
" 1 7 . 0 s (LMS T e c h ) "
ACISOUTVER
70
AFLAGS
16
ANGBASE
0
ANGDIR
0
APBOX
0
APERTURE
8
AREA
0.0000
ATTDIA
0
ATTMODE
1
P r e s s ENTER t o

1.

[?] : ?

(read

only)
(read

only)

(read

only)

continue:

-1
il

iLJ 1

. 12.28.


. ,
, , (read only) (( )).
.
SETVAR () .
. 12.28 , ACADLSPASDOC
0, APERTURE 8, 3DDWFPREC 2 . .
,
.
500.
2.

543

SETVAR ()
, read only.
SETVAR (). :
Enter variable name or [?]:
( [?]:)
, LUPREC (
). LUPREC ,

AutoCAD, ,
. :
Enter new value for LUPREC <4>:
( LUPREC <4>:)
0, ,
,
(. 12.29).

. 12.29.

.
Command: (:)
, , CURSORSIZE. AutoCAD
, 50.
.

12.6. AutoCAD
AutoCAD
( , , . .).
AutoCAD
, - (,
) .
TASKBAR
. 0,
. 1,
AutoCAD
(. 12.30),
Windows <Alt>+<Tab>.

544

V/

J 5 "4j lw]

"' Drawing1:dw3

3 ! 3D House.dwg

J S 3Dbody2007.dwg

. 12.30. TASKBAR=1


<Enter>. :

TASKBAR

)'

Enter new value for Taskbar <0>:


( <0>:)
1, , . 12.30.
OPTIONS
(). Tools | Options ( |
) Options () ,
(. 12.31).
Recent.Commands ;' .:.
? '
CopyHistoiy
..'...Paste'":,:".''
Paste To QndLine
/ Options,;;, '.
. 12.31.

, , \
AutoCAD, .
OPTIONS () Options (,
(. 12.32):

Files ();

Display ();

Open and Save (/);

Plot and Publish (/);

System ();

User Preferences ();

Drafting ();

3D Modeling1 ( );

Selection ();

Profiles ().

.
1

545

:EUtWi -piaffe

,:

Unnamed Prolile>:-

Cuirent drawing

Dra ,ing1 dwg

r , 5 f 3 0 i t p i / | Open a r t Save] Plot and Publish ] Sy.lemj User Preferences] Drafting j 3D- Modeling'j
. Search path,file and Be locations: '<:

ift|:S:

Browse...

~ ^ i Support File Search Path

^ o i Working Support File Search Path

fe

Device Driver File Search Path

ffl

Project Files Search Path

ffi- 0

Customization Files

fi' U

Help and Miscellaneous File Names

Text Editor. Dictionary, and Font File Names

ffi

Print File. Spooler, and Prolog Section Names

ffl- Q

Punter Support File Path

[+ ^

Automatic Save File Location

.-..
. :.:': :

'

'

[+] 1^) Color Book Locations


1+1- - ^

Data Sources Location

1+] 0

Template Settings

^ ^ Tool Palettes File Locations


H L . I f e Authoring Palette File Locations...
Speeiiy (he folders which AutoCAD should look lor tent fonts, fi
drawing* to irweri Inetypej. and hatch patterns that are t in the current folder

OK

Can: el

Help

. 12.32. Options, Files

12.6.1.
Files () (. . 12.32)
, (, . .).
Browse (), Add (), Remove (),
Move Up (), Move Down () Set Current ()
, , .
.
, (),
. , , Template Settings (
) : Drawing Template File Location (
), Sheet Set Template File Location ( ),
Default Template File Name for QNEW (
) Default Template for Sheet Creation and Page Setup Overrides (
)
(. 12.33).
11 QNEW (),
, , . 18 3. 326

12

546

Default Template File Name for QNEW (


). (None
()), QNEW ()
Create New Drawing ( ) (.
. 11.21). ,
.
ffi

fe

Data Sources Location

\ Template Settings
S ' " f e | Drawing Template File Location
' 4 ' CADocumenls and SettingsVWministrator.UNIVERSAL\LocalSettingsV>
S

fe

Sheet Set Template File Location


CADocumenls and SetlingsWdrninistrator.UNIVERSALSLocal Settings1^

H -

Default Template File Name for QNEW

5 P Default Template foi Sheet Creation and Page Setup Overrides

Tool Palettes File Locations

CADocumenls and Sellings\Administratoi.UNIVERSAL4-Ocal Settings^

. 12.33. Template Settings

Default Template File Name for QNEW


( ),
S Template Settings ( )
.
Default Template File Name for QNEW (
),
.
. , ,
Browse (). ,
, DWT, .

. Apply () ;
Options () .

12.6.2.
Display () (. 12.34) AutoCAD
.
Window Elements ( ) ,
, ( ), ? , ,
.

547

Options
t3

Current profiler > ;; ,<<tliriemeci Ptofite:>


fie:

| Open i d Save | Rot and Pi

l' Current drawing

Drawmel.owe

System) User Preferences ] Dratting] 2D Mode6rrg| Selection j profile:

Diiplayjciott*:inefiawiii3wuid.

Dijpiay screen

Use large buttons lor Toolbars

f/

ShowToolTip;-

Show shoiloil keys in ToolTip;

"< jiooo
1
"4

Colors..-

forts

S egmeni',s in a polyline curve

R endured object smoothness


Contour Snes per surface

17 Display La/Hii and Model is


17 Display prin>efcleea
| 7 Or^tay paper bacjsgrouid
P

Display paper shadow

Show Page Setup N

Create viewport *ir)ei layouts

f| IW ne^rfe^out(

-J"
;;;:];: :;|1:^:-

Help

. 12.34. Options, Display

Window Elements ( )
:

Colors ()
AutoCAD;

Fonts () .

Colors () Drawing Window Colors' (


) (. 12.35) AutoCAD.
:

Context ();

Interface element ( );

Color ();

Preview ().

548

12

. 12.35. Drawing Window Colors

Context ():

2D model space (2M );

Sheet / layout (/);

3D parallel projection (3M );

3D perspective projection (3M );

Block editor ( );

Command line ( );

Plot preview ( ).

(. . , ) Interface element
( ). ,
Color (). ,
, Tint for X, Y, Z ( X, Y, Z).
.
,
( ), ,
, 2D model space (2M ) Uniform background ( ),
Color () White ().

549


Drawing Window Colors ( )
Restore current element ( ), Restore current context
( ) Restore all contexts (
), ,
, .
Apply & Close
( ).
Display () Options ()
(. . 12.35) (
, . .).

12.6.3.
Options () Open and Save (
/) (. . 12.6)
, ,
,
.
File Save ( ).
Save as ( ) ,
(, AutoCAD 2000/LT2000
Drawing (*.dwg) ( AutoCAD 2000/LT2000 (*.dwg))).
AutoCAD 2007 Drawing (*.dwg) (
AutoCAD 2007 (*.dwg)).
File Open ( ) Number of recentlyused files to list ( ). ,

File (). . 0 9.

12.6.4.
Plot and Publish (/) Options (
) 6.

12.6.5.
Options () System ()
(. 12.36) .
General Options ( )
Startup ( ),
:

Show Startup dialog box ( );

Do not show a startup dialog ( ).

550

12

1
Fite | Display | Open sod Saw j Rot and

4--teinijlJreiPi.!ffflerice4| p i a t e g | 3D Modelng) Seratron] Pioflas]

.: 3D Pedcamar^e::

'!11.;-: '.n

. .;,1 Settings'

i
,::: Display OLE ! Sec Dialog
!

-:/'

' ' Load acad isp yjitfi evety dtawhg


Aciept: input !((

: C

i . : : ; : ' ^ I / AfotviongsynMcames ..
: |;::::

Staitn.pl :s ::| S how Staitup dialog box

~3

Layout Regen Option* *


:

C' RegsnWien: switching iayotita

: :^:.-: *" Cachs model tab. arid last layout

Check Web tor Live Enablm


Maiiman numb ot un*ucc

. <' .adw mode! fab and all layouts


dbCoraied Ophotls . '.
.P

Stoie Links iridei in drawing file.

..-. Open table.: in resd-ori'mode ,

OK

Cancel

. 12.36. Options, System

(. . 1.5).
,
( FILEDIA
,
).
,
QNEW () ,
Files () (. . 12.6.1) None ():

Create New Drawing ( ),


Startup ( ) Show Startup dialog box (
);

Select Template ( ), Do not show a


startup dialog ( ).
(

12.6.6.
User Preferences
() Options ().
Windows Standard
Behavior ( Windows),

551

Right-click Customization ( ).
Right-Click Customization ( ).
(
<Enter>)
.
.

12.6.7.
Drafting () Options ()
,
.

12.6.8.

3D Modeling ( ) (. . 12.37)
.
Drafting ().

..
:

. ,1-

IJnl!.VI.:';'lr,l,b>>

I, ,:.-. ;;,.(...-J

I'l-

jl.dWJ

RJe* | Disf)lisif| Q i ^ ^a^Saye) ; j S>item j Usefr Prefsrshc^t] ;^ l ^ ^ l ^ l i r i g j | Selecijort] Profiles)


3D Objects
Visual S'yle Me clearing 3D obiac's
i

iabeiaxesjnSaridadO[shate
Stow libel- for dynamo UCS

> Crosshair labels

.JByViewport

d
Deletion control while eating 3D obpeb

zl'

JDelete profile curves


:$ and ;m-A>c"i

C::;::fa:J5WSf0r().* [
V ic*w on ;ijrla.:as and meihet

UCS Icon
P: Otsplay in | D irodel ..pace .-...
P

Dupley in JO paiaM proi*ciior,

P P_bplay in 3D perspective projection

-J

3D Navigation '

Reverse mouse wi leei ioorfr : j :


Maik and fly settings.,;

Dj-namteInput*: ; : '
'
Shaw 2 field lot pointer input

.Animation settings.

)1

Cancel

. 12.37. Options, 3D Modeling

Help

12

552

12.6.9.
Selection () (. . 3.21) .
3.

12.6.10.
Profiles () , . .
Options (),
arg.
Available profiles ( )
, .
(, . .).

12.6.11.
Tools | Customize ( | )
:

Interface () CUI-,
, , ,
;

Tool Palettes ( ) TOOL PALETTES


( );

Import Customization ( )
CUI-;

Export Customization ( ) CUI;

Edit Program Parameters (acad.pgp) (


(acad.pgp)) acad.pgp
.

AutoCAD
cui,
AutoCAD, AutoCAD , .
, (, ),
AutoCAD CUI-,
CUI (CUI) ( Tools |
Customize | Interface ( | | )).
CUI (CU1) Customize User Interface (
) (. 12.38).
Customize () , . 12.38,
.
:

553

Customizations in All CUI Files ( CUI)


;
Command List ( ) (
), ( ,
. .).

BjCusloinize Usei Intetl


3

-<
WorkpMor,r,r,t.
Customae Vorl tpace

3-5 ACAD
$l Workspaces
| ~ 3D Modeling
ffi *?
ffl
ftl'&itjj

B-1fy
"^
; $
-

'

Toolbars
Menus
Shortcut Menus
Keyboard Shortcuts
Double Click Actions
Mouse Buttons
LISP Files
Legacy
Parlial cyl Files

Cofnrr^nd
X X
j q .XY
a XZ
.
YZ
Z
0
0.0
0.00
0.000
0.0000

m
p

AutoCAD Classic Default (current)


) Toolbars
Menus
&' DD Dockable Windows

Ciick Customize Workspace

Suurce
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD

Genei
1 1 Name
| Descriptran
Bl)r
Start On
I odel/Layout tabs

io add content

! AutoCAD Classic

! Model
tOn
i

Tim"

mm Screen menus
oil bars

j Geneial

zl
OK

Cancel

Help

. 12.38. Customize User Interface

,
:

All Customization Files ( );

Main CUI file (acad.cui) ( CUI (acad.cui));

12

554

custom.cui;

acetmain.cui;

Open ().

AutoCAD CUI-: acad.cui (


), custom.cui (
) acetmain.cui ( Express).
.
Customize () Customize User
Interface ( ) ,
, .
(
).
Transfer () Customize User Interface (
)
CUI-, .

,
(. 1).
CUI- (dbcon.cui) , DBCONNECT
(), Tools | Palettes | dbConnect ( |
| ), AutoCAD
. DBCONNECT () DBCONNECT
MANAGER ( ) (. 12.39)
dbConnect ( ).
AutoCAD
(Microsoft Access, dBase, Microsoft Excel, Oracle, Paradox,
Microsoft Visual FoxPro SQL Server).
_;

fl% Dtawingl.dwg
^ jet_dbsamples

. 12.39. DBCONNECT MANAGER

555

, . . .
"AutoCAD 2004: " (-, 2004 .)
"AutoCAD: , " (-,
2006 .).

12.7.
AutoCAD ,
AutoCAD . Autodesk
,
AutoCAD.
AutoCAD:
Visual LISP, Visual Basic for Applications ObjectARX
( C++, # Visual Basic.NET).
.
AutoLISP LISP,
AutoCAD. AutoCAD
, Visual LISP,
Tools | AutoLISP | Visual LISP Editor ( | AutoLISP |
Visual LISP) VLISP, Visual LISP for AutoCAD
(Visual LISP AutoCAD) (. 12.40).

(setq k2 -1)
(repeat 29
(setq k2 (1* k2))
{setq su (strcat (substr su 1 1) (nth k2 lets)})
(princ suKprinc " ")
(if (setq ual (getuar su))

. 12.40. Visual LISP for AutoCAD

12

556

,
, Visual LISP.
AutoCAD VBA (Visual Basic
for Applications) Visual Basic. VBAIDE
Tools | Macro | Visual Basic Editor ( | |
Visual Basic) Microsoft Visual Basic (. 12.41),
, AutoCAD.
Microsoft Visual Basic - Globall
EtevEait" View, treett

fomla!

Drfwj

. ' 8 i d : S

WinJet :. Hefp

> hi '.\ Q:
Globall - UseiFoim! (UseiForm)

Jg5 ACADProject (Globall)


^ AutoCAD Objects
- $ ThisDrawing
8~ Forms
Useifonst

abJ S3
7
UserForml UserFor? . J

(Name)
BorderColor
Border Style
Caption

Cyc*T"~
DrawBuFFer
Enabled
=ont
=oreCoior

If
J

F1

_J

f. ._} J 3

UserForml
!&H8000000Fj^p*
M &800012& i
iO - fmBorderStyleNo'
UserForml
0 - fmCycleAIIForms
;True
iTahoma

ZJ
>

i. j j

===========
. 12.41. Microsoft Visual Basic

ObjectARX 2007
AutoCAD. C++, # VB.NET
Visual Studio 2005 , AutoCAD.
www.objectarx.com.
, ,
. . .

12.8. 12
I. :

.

557


( , . .). ,
.
2. AutoCAD:

AutoCAD ( ). ,
.

. ,
.
3. :

HTML- .

, HTML-.

4. :

,
AutoCAD 2007\Sample\Sheet Sets.

.
.

5. :

AutoCAD
. 1.1
AutoCAD 2007.
Express Tools .
.
1.1. AutoCAD 2007

3D

3DALIGN

3DARRAY

3DCLIP

3DCONFIG

3DCORBIT

3DDISTANCE

3DDWF

DWF-

3DFACE

3DFLY

3DFORBIT

3DMESH

3DMOVE

3DORBIT

3DORBITCTR

AutoCAD

561
1.1 ()

3DPAN

3DPOLY

3DROTATE

3DSIN

3D Studio

3DSWIVEL

3DWALK

3DZOOM

ABOUT


AutoCAD

ACISIN

ACIS-

ACISOUT

AutoCAD
ACIS

ADCCLOSE

ADCENTER

ADCNAVIGATE

AECTOACAD

-
-
AutoCAD

AI_MOLC

(.
LAYMCUR)

ALIGN

AMECONVERT

(AutoCAD R12)
AutoCAD 2000

ANIPATH

APERTURE

APPLOAD

ARC

ARCHIVE

AREA

ARRAY

ARX

, ARX-

ASSIST

INFO PALETTE (
)

19 . 326

562

;
1.1 ()

ASSISTCLOSE

INFO PALETTE (
)

ATTACHURL

ATTDEF

ATTDISP

ATTEDIT

ATTREDEF

ATTSYNC

AUDIT

BACKGROUND

BACTION

BACTIONSET

BACTIONTOOL

BASE

BASSOCIATE

BATTMAN

BATTORDER

BAUTHORPALETTE

BLOCK AUTHORING PALETTES


( )

BAUTHORPALETTECLOSE

BLOCK AUTHORING PALETTES


( )

BCLOSE

BCYCLEORDER

BEDIT

BGRIPSET

BHATCH

BLIPMODE

BLOCK

AutoCAD

563
1.1 ()

BLOCKICON

,
AutoCAD

BLOOKUPTABLE

BMPOUT

BMP

BORROWLICENSE

BOUNDARY
BOX

BPARAMETER

BREAK

BREP

BROWSER

Web-

BSAVE

BSAVEAS

BVHIDE

BVSHOW

BVSTATE

CAL


()

CAMERA

CHAMFER

CHANGE

()

CHECKSTANDARDS

CHPROP

CHSPACE

CIRCLE

()

CLEANSCREENOFF

CLEANSCREENON

CLOSE

CLOSEALL

COLOR

564

1
1.1 ()

COMMANDLINE

COMMANDLINEHIDE

COMPILE

PostScript

CONE

CONVERT


, AutoCAD R13

CONVERTCTB

CONVERTOLDLIGHTS

CONVERTOLDMATERIALS

CONVERTPOLY

CONVERTPSTYLES

CONVTOSOLID

CONVTOSURFACE

COPY

COPYBASE

COPYCUP

COPYHIST

COPYLINK

COPYTOLAYER

CUI

CUIEXPORT

CUI-

CUIIMPORT

CUI-

CUILOAD

CUI-

CUIUNLOAD

CUI-

CUSTOMIZE

CUTCLIP

CYLINDER

AutoCAD

565
1.1 ()

DASHBOARD

DASHBOARD ( )

DASHBOARDCLOSE

DASHBOARD ( )

DBCCLOSE

DBCONNECT

DBLIST

DDEDIT

DDPTYPE

DDVPOINT

DELAY

DETACHURL

DIM

DIM1

DIMALIGNED

DIMANGULAR

DIMARC

DIMBASELINE

DIMCENTER

DIMCONTINUE

DIMDIAMETER

DIMDISASSOCIATE

DIMEDIT

DIMJOGGED

DIMLINEAR

DIMORDINATE

DIMOVERRIDE

DIMRADIUS

DIMREASSOCIATE

DIMREGEN

566

1.1 ()

DIMSTYLE

DIMTEDIT

DIST

DISTANTLIGHT

DIVIDE

DONUT

DRAGMODE

DRAWINGRECOVERY

DRAWINGRECOVERYHIDE

DRAWORDER

DSETTINGS

, ,

DSVIEWER

Aerial View ( )

DVIEW

DWFADJUST

DWF-

DWFATTACH

DWF-

DWFCLIP

DWF-

DWGPROPS

DXBIN

EATTEDIT

EDGE

EDGESURF

( )

ELEV

ELLIPSE

ERASE

ETRANSMIT

EXPLODE

EXPORT

AutoCAD

567
1.1 ()

-EXPORTTOAUTOCAD

-
- AutoCAD
( AECTOACAD)

EXPRESSMENU

EXPRESS

EXPRESSTOOLS

Express Tools

EXTEND

EXTERNALREFERENCES

EXTERNAL REFERENCES (
)

EXTERNALREFERENCESCLOS!

EXTERNAL REFERENCES (
)

EXTRUDE

FIELD

( )

FILEOPEN

FILL

FILLET

FILTER

FIND

, ,

FLATSHOT

FOG

GEOGRAPHICLOCATION

GOTOURL

()

GRADIENT

GRAPHSCR

GRID

GROUP

(
)

HATCH

HATCHEDIT

HELIX

HELP

568

1
1.1 ()

HIDE

HLSETTINGS

HYPERLINK

HYPERLINKOPTIONS

ID

IMAGE

IMAGEADJUST

IMAGEATTACH

IMAGECLIP

IMAGEFRAME

IMAGEQUALITY

IMPORT

AutoCAD

IMPRINT

INSERT

INSERTOBJ

OLE-

INTERFERE

INTERSECT

ISOPLANE

JOGSECTION

JOIN

JPGOUT

JPEG

JUSTIFYTEXT

LAYCUR

LAYDEL

LAYER

LAYERP

LAYERPMODE

AutoCAD

569
1.1 ()

LAYFRZ

LAYISO

LAYLCK

LAYMCH

LAYMCUR

LAYMRG

LAYOFF

LAYON

LAYOUT

LAYOUTWIZARD

LAYTHW

LAYTRANS

LAYULK

LAYUNISO

LAYVPI

LAYWALK

LEADER

LENGTHEN

LIGHT

LIGHTLIST

LIGHTS IN MODEL ( )

LIGHTLISTCLOSE

LIGHTS IN MODEL ( )

LIMITS

LINE

LINETYPE

LIST

LIVESECTION

570

1.1 ()

LOAD

LOFT

LOGFILEOFF

LOGFILEON

LTSCALE

LWEIGHT

MARKUP

MARKUPCLOSE

MASSPROP

MATCHCELL

MATCHPROP

MATERIALATTACH

MATERIALMAP

MATERIALS

MATERIALS ()

MATERIALSCLOSE

MATERIALS ()

MATLIB

MEASURE

MENU

MENULOAD

MENUUNLOAD

MINSERT

MIRROR

MIRROR3D

MLEDIT

MLINE

MLSTYLE

MODEL


Model ()

MOVE

MREDO

AutoCAD

571
1.1 ()

MSLIDE

MSPACE

MTEDIT

MULTIPLE

MVIEW

MVSETUP

NETLOAD

, .NET

NEW

NEWSHEETSET

OFFSET

()

OLELINKS

,
OLE-

OLESCALE

OLE-

OOPS

OPEN

OPENDWFMARKUP

DWF-

OPENSHEETSET

OPTIONS

AutoCAD

ORTHO

()

OSNAP

PAGESETUP

PAN

( )

PARTIALOAD

PARTIALOPEN

PASTEASHYPERLINK

PASTEBLOCK

Windows

PASTECLIP

Windows

572

1
1.1 ()

PASTEORIG

, ,
,

PASTESPEC

Windows

PCINWIZARD

2- Model

PEDIT

PFACE

PLAN

PLANESURF

PLINE

PLOT

PLOTSTAMP

PLOTSTYLE

PLOTTERMANAGER

PNGOUT

PNG

POINT

POINTLIGHT

POLYGON

POLYSOLID

PRESSPULL

PREVIEW

PROPERTIES

PROPERTIESCLOSE

PSETUPIN

PSFILL


PostScript

PSOUT

EPS-

AutoCAD

573
1.1 ()

PSPACE

PUBLISH

DWF-

PUBLISHTOWEB

HTML

PURGE


(, . .)

PYRAMID

QCCLOSE

QUICKCALC ()

QDIM

QLEADER

QNEW

QSAVE

QSELECT

QTEXT

QUICKCALC

QUICKCALC ()

QUIT

AutoCAD

RAY

RECOVER

RECTANG

REDEFINE

AutoCAD

REDO

UNDO
() U ()

REDRAW

REDRAWALL

REFCLOSE

REFEDIT

REFSET

REGEN

REGENALL

574

1
1.1 ()

REGENAUTO

REGION

REINIT

/,
, AutoCAD

RENAME

(, ,
. .)

RENDER

RENDERCIROP

RENDERENVIRONMENT

RENDERPRESETS

RENDERWIN

RENDSCR

,
RENDER ()

REPLAY

BMP, TGA TIFF

RESETBLOCK

RESUME

RETURNLICENSE

REVCLOUD

( )

REVOLVE

REVSURF

RMAT

ROTATE

ROTATE3D

RPREF

RPREFCLOSE

RSCRIPT

()

RULESURF

SAVE

SAVEAS

, ,

SAVEIMG

SCALE

AutoCAD

575
1.1 ()

SCALELISTEDIT

SCALETEXT

SCRIPT


()

SECTION

SECTIONPLANE

SECURITYOPTIONS

SELECT

SELECTURL

SETIDROPHANDLER

SETUV

SETVAR

SHADEMODE

SHAPE

SHEETSET

SHEETSETHIDE

SHELL

SHOWMAT

SIGVALIDATE

SKETCH

SLICE

SNAP

SOLDRAW

,
SOLVIEW (-)

SOLID

( )

SOLIDEDIT

SOLPROF

SOLVIEW

SPACETRANS

576

1
1.1 ()

SPELL

SPHERE

SPLINE

SPLINEDIT

SPOTLIGHT

STANDARDS

STATS

STATUS

STLOUT

ASCII-
STL

STRETCH

STYLE

STYLESMANAGER

SUBTRACT

SUNPROPERTIES

SUNPROPERTIESCLOSE

SWEEP

SYSWINDOWS

TABLE

TABLEDIT

TABLEEXPORT

CSV-

TABLESTYLE

TABLET

TABSURF

TASKBAR

TEXT

TEXTSCR

AutoCAD

TEXTTOFRONT

THICKEN

TIFOUT

TIFF

AutoCAD

577
1.1 ()

TIME

TINSERT

TOLERANCE

TOOLBAR

TOOLPALETTES

TOOL PALETTES (
)

TOOLPALETTESCLOSE

TOOL PALETTES (
)

TORUS

TRACE

TRANSPARENCY

TRAYS ETTINGS

Windows

TREESTAT

TRIM

UCS

UCSICON

UCSMAN

UNDEFINE

AutoCAD

UNDO

UNION

UNITS

UPDATEFIELD

UPDATETHUMBSNOW

VBAIDE

Visual Basic

VBALOAD

VBA
AutoCAD

VBAMAN

VBA

VBARUN

VBA-

578

1
1.1 ()

VBASTMT

VBA-
AutoCAD

VBAUNLOAD

VBA

VIEW

VIEWPLOTDETAILS

VIEWRES

VISUALSTYLES

VISUALSTYLESCLOSE

VLIDE


Visual LISP

VLISP


Visual LISP

VPCLIP

VPLAYER

VPMAX

VPMIN

VPOINT

VPORTS

VSCURRENT

VSLIDE

VSSAVE

VTOPTIONS

WALKFLYSETTINGS

WBLOCK

WEDGE

WHOHAS

WIPEOUT

WMFIN

Windows

WMFOPTS

WMFIN ()

WMFOUT

Windows

AutoCAD

579
1.1 ()

WORKSPACE

WSSAVE

WSSETTINGS

XBIND

()

XCLIP

XEDGES

XLINE

XOPEN

XPLODE

XREF

ZOOM


()

74 , AutoCAD 2007:
3DALIGN

CONVERTOLDMATERIALS

EXTERNALREFERENCESCLOSE

3DDWF

CONVTOSOLID

FLATSHOT

3DFLY

CONVTOSURFACE

GEOGRAPHICLOCATION

3DFORBIT

COPYTOLAYER

HELIX

3DMOVE

DASHBOARD

IMPRINT

3DROTATE

DASHBOARDCLOSE

JOGSECTION

3DWALK

DISTANTLIGHT

LAYCUR

AECTOACAD

DWFADJUST

LAYDEL

AN I PATH

DWFATTACH

LAYFRZ

BREP

DWFCLIP

LAYISO

CHSPACE

-EXPORTTOAUTOCAD

LAYLCK

CONVERTOLDLIGHTS

EXTERNALREFERENCES

LAYMCH

580
LAYMCUR

MATERIALATTACH

RPREFCLOSE

LAYMRG

MATERIALMAP

SECTIONPLANE

LAYOFF

MATERIALS

SPOTLIGHT

LAYON

MATERIALSCLOSE

SUNPROPERTIES

LAYTHW

PLANESURF

SUNPROPERTIESCLOSE

LAYULK

POINTLIGHT

SWEEP

LAYUNISO

POLYSOLID

THICKEN

LAYVPI

PRESSPULL

VISUALSTYLES

LAYWALK

PYRAMID

VISUALSTYLESCLOSE

LIGHTLIST

RENDERCROP

VSCURRENT

LIGHTLISTCLOSE

RENDERENVIRONMENT

VSSAVE

LIVESECTION

RENDERPRESETS

XEDGES

LOFT

RENDERWIN

:
LSEDIT, LSLIB, LSNEW, SCENE.

3DDWFPUBLISH,

3DSOUT,

DBLCLKEDIT,


. 2.1 AutoCAD
, .
. .
"AutoCAD 2004" ( " ", "-", 2004 .)
"AutoCAD: , " ( " ",
"-", 2006 .).
.
( AutoCAD 2006) .
2.1. AutoCAD 2007

3DDWFPREC

DWF-

ACADLSPASDOC

acad.lsp

ACADPREFIX

ACADVER

AutoCAD

ACISOUTVER

ACIS-, ACISOUT
()

ADCSTATE

AFLAGS


ATTDEF ()

ANGBASE

ANGDIR

APERTURE

APSTATE

BLOCK AUTHORING PALETTES (


)

582

2
2.1 ()

AREA

ASSISTSTATE

INFO PALETTE
( )

ATTDIA

INSERT ()
( )

ATTMODE

ATTREQ

INSERT ()

AUDITCTL

(
adt) AUDIT ()

AUNITS

AUPREC

AUTOSNAP

BACKGROUNDPLOT

BACKZ

BACTIONCOLOR

BDEPENDENCYHIGHLIGHT

BGRIPOBJCOLOR

BGRIPOBJSIZE

BINDTYPE

BLIPMODE

BLOCKEDITLOCK

BLOCKEDITOR

( )

BPARAMETERCOLOR

BPARAMETERFONT

BPARAMETERSIZE

BTMARKDISPLAY

BVMODE

CALCINPUT

583
2.1 ()

CAMERADISPLAY

CAMERAHEIGHT

CDATE

CECOLOR

CELTSCALE

CELTYPE

CELWEIGHT

CENTERMT

CHAMFERA

CHAMFERB

CHAMFERC

CHAMFERD

CHAMMODE

CHAMFER
()

CIRCLERAD

, CIRCLE
()

CLAYER

CLEARSCREENSTATE

CLISTATE

CMATERIAL

CMDACTIVE

, ,
, , ()

CMDDIA

CMDECHO

- ( AutoCAD)
command vl-cmdf
AutoLISP

CMDINPUTHISTORYMAX

CMDNAMES

CMLJUST

CMLSCALE

CMLSTYLE

584

2.1 ()

COMPASS

COORDS

CPLOTSTYLE

CPROFILE

CROSSINGAREACOLOR

CSHADOW


(Model () )

CTABLESTYLE

CURSORSIZE

CVPORT

DASHBOARDSTATE

DASHBOARD ( )

DATE

DBCSTATE

DBLCLKEDIT

DBMOD

DCTCUST


DCTMAIN

DEFAULTLIGHTING

DEFAULTLIGHTINGTYPE

DEFLPLSTYLE

DEFPLSTYLE

DELOBJ

,

AutoCAD ,

DEMANDLOAD


DIASTAT

DIMADEC

DIMALT

DIMALTD

585
2.1 ()

DIMALTF

DIMALTRND

DIMALTTD

DIMALTTZ

DIMALTU

DIMALTZ

DIMAPOST

,
,

DIMARCSYM

DIMASO

,
( )

DIMASSOC

DIMASZ

DIMATFIT

DIMAUNIT

DIMAZIN

DIMBLK

DIMBLK1

(
DIMSAH)

DIMBLK2

(
DIMSAH)

DIMCEN


DIMCENTER, DIMDIAMETER
DIMRADIUS

DIMCLRD

DIMCLRE

DIMCLRT

DIMDEC

586

2
2.1 ()

DIMDLE

DIMDLI

DIMDSEP

DIMEXE

DIMEXO

DIMFIT

( DIMATFIT
DIMTMOVE)

DIMFRAC

, DIMLUNIT
4 () 5 ()

DIMFXL

DIMFXLON

DIMGAP

DIMJOGANG

DIMJUST

DIMLDRBLK

DIMLFAC

DIMLIM

""

DIMLTEX1

DIMLTEX2

DIMLTYPE

DIMLUNIT

DIMLWD

DIMLWE

DIMPOST

DIMRND

DIMSAH

DIMSCALE

,
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,

587
2.1 ()

DIMSD1

DIMSD2

DIMSE1

DIMSE2

DIMSHO

DIMSOXD

DIMSTYLE

DIMTAD

DIMTDEC

DIMTFAC

DIMTFILL

DIMTFILLCLR

DIMTIH


, ,

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, DIMTOL
DIMLIM

DIMTMOVE

DIMTOFL

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DIMLIM

DIMTSZ

,
,

568

2.1 ()

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DIMTXSTY

DIMTXT

DIMTZIN

DIMUNIT

( DIMLUNIT
DIMFRAC)

DIMUPT

DIMZIN

DISPSILH

DISTANCE

, DIST ()

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DONUTOD

DRAGMODE

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DRAGP2

DRAGVS

DRAWORDERCTL

DRSTATE

DTEXTED

TEXT ()

DWFFRAME

DWF-

DWFOSNAP


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DWGCHECK

,
, AutoCAD

DWGCODEPAGE

, SYSCODEPAGE (
)

DWGNAME

DWGPREFIX

DWGTITLED

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589
2.1 ()

DYNDIGRIP

DYNDIVIS

DYNMODE

DYNPICOORDS

DYNPIFORMAT

DYNPIVIS

DYNPROMPT

DYNTOOLTIPS

EDGEMODE

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FACETRES

590

2
2.1 ()

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FIELDEVAL

FILEDIA

FILLETRAD

FILLMODE

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FONTMAP

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FULLOPEN

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GRIDMAJOR

GRIDMODE

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GRIDUNIT

GRIPBLOCK

GRIPCOLOR

GRIPDYNCOLOR

GRIPHOT

GRIPHOVER

GRIPOBJLIMIT

591
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GRIPSiZE

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GRIPTIPS

GTAUTO

GTDEFAULT


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HALOGAP

HANDLES

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HPBOUND

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HPDOUBLE

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HPDRAWORDER

HPGAPTOL

HPINHERIT

HPNAME

HPOBJWARNING

HPORIGIN

HPORIGINMODE

HPSCALE

HPSEPARATE

592

2
2.1 ()

HPSPACE

HYPERLINKBASE

IMAGEHLT

IMPLIEDFACE

INDEXCTL

INETLOCATION

URL-

INPUTHISTORYMODE

INSBASE

, BASE
()

INSNAME

INSERT ()

INSUNITS

INSUNITSDEFSOURCE

INSUNITSDEFTARGET

INTELLIGENTUPDATE

( ),

INTERFERECOLOR

INTERFEREOBJVS

INTERFEREVPVS

INTERSECTIONCOLOR

INTERSECTIONDISPLAY

ISAVEBAK

(
bak)

ISAVEPERCENT

ISOLINES

LASTANGLE

LASTPOINT

LASTPROMPT

LATITUDE

593
2.1 ()

LAYERFILTERALERT

LAYOUTREGENCTL

LEGACYCTRLPICK

<>+< >

LENSLENGTH

( )

LIGHTGLYPHDISPLAY

LIGHTLISTSTATE

LIGHTS IN MODEL ( )

LIMCHECK

LIMMAX

LIMMIN

LISPINIT


(LISP-)
( )

LOCALE

ISO AutoCAD

LOCALROOTPREFIX

LOCKUI

LOFTANG1

LOFTANG2

LOFTMAG1

LOFTMAG2

LOFTNORMALS

LOFTPARAM

LOGFILEMODE


( log)

LOGFILENAME

( )

LOGFILEPATH

LOGINNAME

LONGITUDE

LTSCALE

20 . 326

594

2
2.1 ()

LUNITS

LUPREC

LWDEFAULT

, DEFAULT
()

LWDISPLAY

LWUNITS


( )

MATSTATE

MATERIALS ()

MAXACTVP

MAXSORT

,
( . .)

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(, )

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( )

MEASUREMENT

( )

MENUCTL

MENUECHO

MENUNAME

( )

MIRRTEXT

MIRROR

MODEMACRO

MSMSTATE

MSOLESCALE

OLE-

MTEXTED

( ),
()

MTEXTFIXED

MTJIGSTRING

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MYDOCUMENTSPREFIX

NOMUTT


AutoLISP

NORTHDIRECTION

595

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OBSCUREDCOLOR

OBSCUREDLTYPE

OFFSETDIST

OFFSET ()

OFFSETGAPTYPE


OFFSET ()

OLEFRAME

OLE-

OLEHIDE

OLE-

OLEQUALITY

OLE-

OLESTARTUP


OLE-

OPMSTATE

PROPERTIES ()

ORTHOMODE

OSMODE

OSNAPCOORD

OSNAPHATCH


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OSNAPZ

OSOPTIONS

PALETTEOPAQUE

PAPERUPDATE

PDMODE

PDSIZE

PEDITACCEPT


PEDIT ()

PELLIPSE


( )

PERIMETER

PERSPECTIVE

PFACEVMAX


PFACE ()

596

2'
2.1 ()

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PICKAUTO

PICKBOX

PICKDRAG

PICKRRST

PICKSTYLE

PLATFORM

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PLINEGEN

PLINETYPE


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PLINEWID

PLOTOFFSET

PLOTROTMODE

PLQUIET

POLARADDANG

POLARANG

POLARDIST

POLARMODE

POLYSIDES

,
POLYGON (-)

POPUPS

PREVIEWEFFECT

PREVIEWFILTER

PRODUCT

PROGRAM

PROJECTNAME

597
2.1 ()

PROJMODE

PROXYGRAPHICS

PROXYNOTICE

PROXYSHOW

PROXYWEBSEARCH

PSLTSCALE

PSOLHEIGHT

POLYSOLID ()

PSOLWIDTH

POLYSOLID ()

PSPROLOG

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PSOUT ()

PSQUALITY


PostScript

PSTYLEMODE

( )

PSTYLEPOLICY

PSVPSCALE

PUBLISHALLSHEETS

PUCSBASE

,
( )

QCSTATE

QUICKCALC ()

QTEXTMODE

()

RASTERDPI

RASTERPREVIEW

RECOVERYMODE

REFEDITNAME

,
REFEDIT ()

REGENMODE

RE-INIT


, acad.pgp

REMEMBERFOLDERS

598

2.1 ()

RENDERPREFSSTATE

ADVANCED RENDER SETTINGS


( )

REPORTERROR


Autodesk

ROAMABLEROOTPREFIX

RTDISPLAY


OLE-
( ZOOM ()
PAN ())

SAVEFILE

SAVEFILEPATH

,
AutoCAD

SAVENAME

, (
)

SAVETIME

SCREENBOXES

, AutoCAD
(, )

SCREENMODE
SCREENSIZE


( )

SDI

AutoCAD (- )

SELECTIONAREA

,

,

SELECTIONAREAOPACITY
SELECTIONPREVIEW

SHADEDGE

SHADEDIF

SHADOWPLANELOCATION

SHORTCUTMENU

SHOWHIST

SHOWLAYERUSAGE

599
2.1 ()

SHPNAME

SIGWARN

SKETCHINC

SKETCH ()

SKPOLY


SKETCH ()

SNAPANG

( )

SNAPBASE


( )

SNAPISOPAIR

SNAPMODE

SNAP ()

SNAPSTYL

SNAPTYPE

SNAPUNIT

SOLIDCHECK

SOUDHIST

SORTENTS

SPLFRAME

SPLINESEGS

SPLINETYPE

Spline ()
PEDIT ()

SSFOUND

SSLOCATE

SSMAUTOOPEN

SSMPOLLTIME

SSMSHEETSTATUS

SSMSTATE

STANDARDSVIOLATION

600

2
2.1 ()

STARTUP

STEPSIZE

STEPSPERSEC

SUNPROPERTIESSTATE

SUN PROPERTIES ( )

SUNSTATUS

SURFTAB1

SURFTAB2

SURFTYPE

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Smooth () PEDIT ()

SURFU

Smooth
() PEDIT ()

SURFV

N Smooth
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SYSCODEPAGE

, acad.xmx

TABLEINDICATOR

TABMODE

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TARGET

TBCUSTOMIZE

TDCREATE

()

TDINDWG

TDUCREATE

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TDUPDATE

()

TDUSRTIMER

TDUUPDATE

()

TEMPOVERRIDES

TEMPPREFIX

TEXTEVAL

LISP-

TEXTFILL

,
TrueType, , PSOUT
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601
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TEXTQLTY

TrueType
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()

TEXTSIZE

TEXTSTYLE

THICKNESS

TILEMODE

TIMEZONE

TOOLTIPMERGE

TOOLTIPS

TPSTATE

TOOL PALETTES (
)

TRACEWID

TRACKPATH

TRAYICONS

TRAYNOTIFY

TRAYTIMEOUT

TREEDEPTH

TREEMAX

TRIMMODE


CHAMFER () FILLET ()

TSPACEFAC

TSPACETYPE

TSTACKALIGN

TSTACKSIZE


( )

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()

UCSBASE

602

2
2.1 ()

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UCSFOLLOW

UCSICON

UCSNAME

UCSORG

UCSORTHO

UCSVIEW

UCSVP

UCSXDIR

UCSYDIR

UNDOCTL

, Auto
() Control () UNDO ()

UNDOMARKS

, Mark ()
UNDO ()

UNITMODE

UPDATETHUMBNAIL

USERI1 (2-5)

USERR1 (2-5)

USERS 1 (2-5)

VIEWCTR

VIEWDIR

VIEWMODE

VIEWSIZE

603
2.1 ()

VIEWTWIST

VISRETAIN

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( PSTYLEPOLICY 0)
,

VPMAXIMIZEDSTATE

VSBACKGROUNDS

VSEDGECOLOR

VSEDGEJITTER

VSEDGEOVERHANG

VSEDGES

VSEDGESMOOTH

VSFACECOLORMODE

VSFACEHIGHLIGHT

VSFACEOPACITY

VSFACESTYLE

VSHALOGAP

VSHIDEPRECISION

VSINTERSECTIONCOLOR

VSINTERSECTIONEDGES

VSINTERSECTIONLTYPE

VSISOONTOP

VSLIGHTINGQUALITY

VSMATERIALMODE

VSMAX

VSMIN

VSMONOCOLOR

VSOBSCUREDCOLOR

VSOBSCUREDEDGES

VSOBSCUREDLTYPE

604

2.1 ()

VSSHADOWS

VSSILHEDGES

VSSILHWIDTH

VSSTATE

VTDURATION

VTENABLE

VTFPS

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WHIPTHREAD

WINDOWAREACOLOR

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Windows

WMFFOREGND

WORLDUCS

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WRITESTAT

WSCURRENT

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XEDIT

,
,

XFADECTL

XLOADCTL

XLOADPATH

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XREFNOTIFY

XREFTYPE

ZOOMFACTOR

ZOOMWHEEL

605

, AutoCAD 2007:
3DDWFPREC

INTERFEREOBJVS

TIMEZONE

CAMERADISPLAY

INTERFEREVPVS

UCSDETECT

CAMERAHEIGHT

LATITUDE

VSBACKGROUNDS

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CSHADOW

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DBLCLKEDIT

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DEFAULTLIGHTINGTYPE

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STEPSIZE

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GTDEFAULT

STEPSPERSEC

VSSILHWIDTH

GTLOCATION

SUNPROPERTIESSTATE

VSSTATE

IMPLIEDFACE

SUNSTATUS

ZOOMWHEEL

INTERFERECOLOR

Express Tools
AutoCAD Express Tools,
Express (),
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, EXPRESSTOOLS EXPRESSMENU.
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Autodesk Express Tools
AutoCAD.
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, . 3.2.

Ii

2(| tool
ModiJy

fiiaw
|Se tools
Webtods

1
ExptessloofelAQ
Help

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. 3.2.
Express Tools

AutoCAD 2006 Layers ()


: Layers (ET: ), 2007.

Express Tools

607

Express Tools ,
Express () (. . ).

, ,
.

Blocks
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608

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Text (). :

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;
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Layout tools
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Express Tools

609

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Convert Shape to Block ( )


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DIVIDE
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Express Tools

611

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Quick Exit ( ) ,
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Revert to Original () ,
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Show URLs ( URL, )


URL (Universal Resource Locator);

Change URLs ( URL) URL-;

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Express () Tools ().
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Command Alias Editor ( ) ,


AutoCAD, ,
acad.pgp;
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612

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Make Shape ( )
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Real-Time UCS ( )
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Dwg Editing Time ( DWG-)


, .

Express
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Express Tools Newsgroup ( Express Tools)


- news://
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Autodesk Products and Support Website ( Autodesk


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www.autodesk.com/products,
Autodesk.

Express () :

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Tools.

' Express Tools Web site ( Express Tools).


1. . ., . . AutoCAD . .:
-, 2004. 1168 . (+CD-ROM)
2. . . AutoCAD 2000. .: -, 2000.
560 .
3. . . AutoCAD 2000 Visual LISP. .: -
, 2001.672 .
4. . . AutoCAD 2002. .: -, 2002.
608 .
5. . . AutoCAD: , .
.: -, 2006. 992 . (+CD-ROM)
6. . . AutoCAD 2004: . .:
-, 2004. 624 .
7. . . AutoCAD 2005. .: -, 2005. 944 .
8. . . Visual LISP AutoCAD. .: , 2001. 576 .
9. . ., . . AutoLISP Visual LISP AutoCAD.
.: -, 2006. 960 . (+CD-ROM)
10. . ., . . AutoCAD 2004. .: -
, 2003. 640 .
11. . ., . . AutoCAD 2005. .: -
, 2004. 656 .
12. . ., . . AutoCAD 2006. .: -
, 2005. 704 .

acad.pgp 611
Autodesk Developer Network 541
Autodesk DWF Composer 521
Autodesk DWF Viewer 321
AutoLISP 555

- 610
BLOCK REFERENCE 366
ByBlock 334, 369
ByLayer 235

CSV- 217
-316
CUl- 552

Microsoft Internet Exf

N
New Features Worksh

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OLE- 387

P
PDF- 324
PLT-

s
8-316

D
DEFAULT 257 DIESEL 608
Documents and Settings 541
DWF^opMaT301,320
DWS- 295

E
Express Tools 606

URL 611

V
VBA556
Visual LISP 555

33
552
481
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118
136
336, 607
0 369

554
75
325, 607
0 328
0 342
325, 344, 361
326
372
328
325
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- 535
37
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Windows 166, 342, 391

:
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255
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256
452
452
453
452
511
454
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:
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491
491
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325, 364, 607, 611
367
372
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Align 98
Fit 98
260, 398
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257, 537
96
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530
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0 <CapsLock> 106
0 <Ctrl> 426
0 <Delete>71

0 <Enter>25,156,173
0 <Esc>26,44,71, 164
0 <F1>151
0 <F10> 57

0 <F11>58
0 <F12> 59
0 <F2>34
0 <F3> 58
0 <F6>445
<F7>57
<F8>57
<F9>57
<Shift> 57, 189, 190, 194
<>26, 50, 104, 116
:
<Alt>+<Tab> 543
<Ctrl>+<l>261
<Ctrl>+<2> 293
<Ctrl>+<4> 530
<Ctrl>+<7> 522
<Ctrl>+<9> 50
<Ctrl>+<D> 445
<Ctrl>+<Enter> 100
<Ctrl>+<F> 109
<Ctrl>+<V> 108
<Shift>+<Tab> 116
65
91
:
3D 444
3DALIGN444
3DARRAY444
3DCL1P462
3DCORB1T458
3DDWF321
3DFACE443
3DFLY481
3DFORBIT 458, 459
3DMESH443
3DMOVE444
3DORBIT457.458
3DPOLY408
3DROTATE444
3DSIN387
3DWALK481
AC1SIN387

ACISOUT393
ADCCLOSE293
ADCENTER293
ALIGN 444
ANIPATH483
ARC 81
ARCHIVE 535
AREA 150
ARRAY 178
ASSIST 151
ASSISTCLOSE 153
ATTDEF336
ATTDISP340
ATTEDIT369
393
ATTSYNC341
BATTMAN341.369
BEDIT344

133

BLOCK 326
BMPOUT393
BOX 410
BREAK 191, 207
CAL54
CAMERA 463
CHAMFER 193,428
CHANGE 211,264
CHECKSTANDARDS 296, 297
CHPROP 264, 369
CIRCLE 76, 396,418
CLEANSCREENOFF 37
CLEANSCREENON 37
CLOSE 31
CLOSEALL31
COLOR 237
COMMANDLINE 50
COMMANDLINEHIDE 50
CONE 410
CONVERTOLDLIGHTS 478
CONVERTOLDMATERIALS 470
CONVTOSURFACE 436
COPY 163, 173
COPYBASE342
COPYCLIP 166, 342
COPYLINK391

617

COPYTOLAYER 254
CUI37, 552
CUTCLIP 166,342
CYLINDER 410
DBCONNECT554
DDEDIT208,218,340
DIMALIGNED 120
DIMANGULAR 124
DIM ARC 120
DIMBASELINE 126
DIMCENTER 132
DIMCONTINUE 127
DIMDIAMETER 123
DIMEDIT218
DIMJOGGED 123,276
DIMLINEAR 118
DIMORDINATE 121
DIMRADIUS 122
DIMSTYLE219.272
DIMTEDIT219
DIST150
DISTANTLIGHT 475
DIVIDE 71, 610
D0NUT91
DRAWORDER 164,379
DSETTINGS59
DSV1EWER447
DTEXT94
DVIEW457

DWFATTACH 322
DWGPROPS33

DXBIN387
EATTEDIT 339, 369
342
EDGE 443
EDGESURF443
ELEV399
ELLIPSE 144
ERASE 173
ETRANSMIT523
EXPLODE 86, 139, 196, 231, 328, 333,
368,421,437
EXPORT 33, 392
EXPRESSTOOLS 606
EXTEND 189

618
(.):
EXTERNALREFEFERENCES 366
EXTRUDE 414, 415, 436
FIELD 109
FILLET 195, 428
FIND 166, 208
FLATSHOT434.517
GEOGRAPHICLOCATION 476
GOTOURL537
GRADIENT 140
GROUP 170
HATCHEDIT223
HELIX 407
HELP 151
HIDE 470
HYPERLINK 257
ID 151
IMAGEADJUST 382
IMAGEATTACH 376
IMAGECLIP381
IMAGEFRAME 382
IMAGEQUALITY 383
IMPORT 387
INSERT 328, 339, 364, 368, 529
INSERTOBJ387
INTERFERE 424
INTERSECT 231, 421
JOGSECTION 441
JOIN 192
JUSTIFYTEXT210
LAYCUR254
LAYDEL255
LAYER 242
LAYERP 254, 255
LAYERPMODE 255
LAYFRZ255
LAYIS0 254
LAYLCK255
LAYMCH254
LAYMCUR254
LAYMRG255
LAYOFF 254
LAYON254
LAYOUT 518

LAYOUTWIZARD518
LAYTHW255
LAYTRANS 296, 299
LAYULK255
LAYUNIS0 254
LAYVPI254
LAYWALK254
LENGTHEN 186
LIGHT 476
LIGHTLIST 470, 476
LINE 25, 43
LINETYPE239
LIST 35, 49, 151, 199, 233, 366, 379, 507,
517
LOFT 414, 418, 436
LTSCALE241
LWEIGHT256
MARKUP 522
MASSPROP 151
MATCHPROP265
MATERIALMAP471.479
MATERIALS 468, 470, 478
MEASURE 71, 610
MINSERT 332, 374
MIRROR 156, 163, 174
MIRROR3D444
MLEDIT205
MLINE93.412
MLSTYLE284
MOVE 156, 163, 180, 400, 515
MRED0 173
MSPACE499
99
MVIEW496
NEW 28, 506
NEWSHEETSET531
OFFSET 175
OLELINKS392
OPEN 28
OPTIONS 166, 300, 528, 544
PAGESETUP518
PAN 64
PARTIALOPEN 30
PASTEBLOCK 342

PASTECLIP 166, 342


PASTEOR1G342
PASTESPEC391
PEDIT 86, 196,225,410,444,505
PLAN 463, 494, 612
PLANESURF436
PLINE 83, 402, 423
PLOT 305
PLOTSTAMP312
PLOTTERMANAGER 304
POINT 68
POINTLIGHT 473
POLYGON 90, 418
POLYSOLID412
PREVIEW 311
PROPERTIES 163, 164, 212, 260, 340,
369, 379
PSOUT393
PSPACE499
PUBLISH 321
PUBLISHTOWEB 537
PYRAMID 410
QDIM 124
QLEADER 127, 132
QNEW 28, 506, 545, 550
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619

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SOLPROF434, 516
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STLOUT393
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SUNPROPERTIES 477
SWEEP 414, 416, 436
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TABLESTYLE 288
TABSURF443
TASKBAR543
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UCSMAN404
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620

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XREF529
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24
26
26
47
21
560
540
461
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:
395
395
396
395
173, 295, 607, 610
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:
516
516
518, 609
72, 157

26
132
385, 608, 610
178
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305
314
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257,468
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154, 165, 167,609


481
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443
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92
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447
429
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324
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549
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621

181
610
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501
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118,159
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191,610
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373
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1
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248
251
242, 295
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245
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623

245
247
247
246
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243,246
28
476
195
353
611
96
407
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225
224
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150
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14, 295
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315
320
318
272, 295,609
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173
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50
21
56
21, 63
610
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109, 114,342
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\
624

104, 607
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0 608
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94, 159
0 608
34
478
235
410
0 426
237, 295,612
0 238
0 239
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0 239
470
68, 161
299
16

539'
186
189
68
260, 396

:
0 329
0 304
296
193
149, 161,442
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243
248
248
454
607, 610, 612

:
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PDF 301
PNG538
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116, 216
51

140, 235
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30
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28, 506, 545


270
133, 160

205, 208, 261, 295

, 22, 37
607
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144, 161
145,161

96

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