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PbO2, ,

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PbSO4 - -,
.
PbO2 + HSO4- + 3H+ + 2e- PbSO4 + 2H2O
(PbO2),
(Pb) PbSO4.
,
.
:
PbO2 + Pb + 2H2SO4 2PbSO4 + 2H2O
,
,
. :
2PbSO4 + 2H2O PbO2 + Pb + 2H2SO4

, ,
.

.
, ,
.

, ,
,
.
(47-60%)

PbO2 (85-90 %), - Pb (80-90 %).
- ,
.
- (). Cp
, Ip Tp
( , Ip )
Cp=IpTp
,
, . ,
, ,
( I = const):
C = I T

, .

, .
, ,
.

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- -
.
, ,
,%:
= (Cp / Co) 100%
Cp - , , ; Co -
, , .
1 , , 4,462
PbO2, 3,865 Pb 3,659 H2SO4.
,
11,986 /.

.
,
, .

45-55%, 50-65%. ,
35-38%- .
,
, .
, ,
.
.

, .
.
,
.

.
,
. 46-60%,
.
.
,
.
,
.
.

.
.
, ,
,

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.

.
, . ,
, , ,
1,261,28 /3, ()
1,22-1,24 /3.
.
. ,
. , 5-, 10- 20- .

, .

, .
, , ,
.
. ,
, , ,
. , ,
55 2,75 +25
C20=5560, 255 (4,6C20)
2 22.
,
(, 10-15
60). , ,
,
(Ip = 25 C20).

"" . ( )
25
.
20- -
.
.
. -
,
.

+25 -30
2 (
).

.2

:
1 - (+25C), 2 - (0C), 3 - (-18), 4 - (-30)

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, .
,

, .

( ) :
Pb + H2SO4 PbSO4 + H2.

.
.
1,27 1,32 /3
40%.

()
(
). ,
, ,
. ,
. (
) .

(
).
:
2PbO2 + 2H2SO4 PbSO4 + 2H2O + O2.
.

.

.
,
,
.
,
, ,
,
.
.
.

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.
3, ,
. 0
.
( -30 ).
,
.

.3

( Sb - 2,5%):
1 - , 2 - , 3

;
;
(
) , ,
. ,
5% 2%
, 4 .

( 4).
.

.4
:
1 - - , 2 - , 3 , 4 -

-
,
80 % ,

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( 100-200 , 1:3).
--. , ,
, ,
.

.
-
, , ,
(- ).
,

4%.
:
.. .
- //. - 1988. - 8. - .6-9.
.., .. ,
,, , 1989 .

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