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KEY

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Lab Sec. # ____; TA: ___________; Lab day/time: ___________

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Andreas Toupadakis, Ph.D.


Good luck

Fall 2016

CHEMISTRY 2A
Section D

EXAM 1

Multiple Choice

(Circle one)

Instructions:
CLOSED BOOK EXAM! No books, notes, or additional scrap paper
are permitted.

All information required is contained on the exam.

Place all work in the space provided. If you require additional space,
use the back of the exam. A scientific calculator may be used (if it is
a programmable calculator, its memory must be cleared before the
exam).
(1) Read each question carefully. Exam has 10 pages total.
(2) For problems 1-14, there is no partial credit given and only
answers marked on this cover page will be graded.
(3) The last page contains a periodic table and some useful
information. You may remove it for easy access.
(4) If you finish early, RECHECK YOUR ANSWERS!

U.C. Davis is an Honor Institution

Possible Points
# 1-8

(4 points each)

# 9-14

(06 points each)

# 15-16

(16 + 16 = 32)

TOUPADAKIS

Fall 2016

/ 32
/ 36
/ 32
/100

CHEM 2A

2. a

3. a

4. a

5. a

Earned Points

Total Score (100)

1. a

Section D

6. a

7. a

8. a

9. a

10. a

11. a

12. a

13. a

14. a

EXAM 1

Name

Page 2 of 10

Part I: Multiple Choice, Concepts (4 points each)


Select the best answer and enter your choice on the cover sheet No partial credit
1. Consider the molecule C3O2. One of its oxygen atoms is 16O and the other is 17O. One of its
carbon atoms is 12C and the other is 14C. If its total number of neutrons is 37, then the
mass number of its third carbon atom is:
a. 13.5
b. 17
c. 14
d. 13
e. 12
2. Choose the CORRECT statement:
a.

Daltons atomic theory refers to the spontaneity of a reaction.

b.

The law of conservation of mass refers to the mass of a reaction.

c.

The nucleus of an atom occupies an insignificant portion of the volume of the atom.

d.

The law of multiple proportions refers to a chemical compound.

e.

The law of constant composition refers to a chemical reaction.

3.e

TOUPADAKIS

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

Page 3 of 10

4.e

5. Consider an organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. If its molecular
formula is C2HxO, the oxidation number of one of the carbon atoms is -3, and the
oxidation number of the other carbon atom is -1, what is the number of hydrogen atoms in
the molecule C2HxO?
a. 1

b. 3

c. 4

d. 5

e. 6

6.

Choose the CORRECT formula/name combination.


a. NaS04 Sodium Sulfate
b. Fe(H2PO4)3 Iron (III) hydrogen phosphate
c. NaS03 Sodium Sulfite
d. (NH4)2Cr2O7 Ammonium dichromate
e. HCl(g) Hydrochloric acid

7.

In a molecule of an organic compound, a carbon atom is connected to the following four


groups of atoms (functional groups): COOH, OH, NH2 and COH. When this compound
reacts with oxygen, the only products of the reaction are, carbon dioxide, water and
nitrogen. Write the chemical equation of the reaction and balance it with the smallest
INTEGER coefficients. The sum of the coefficients is:
a. 5
b. 66
c. 47
d. 37
e. 39

8.

What are the possible reasons that always for a chemical reaction the actual yield is
lower than the theoretical yield?
a. Equilibrium state is reached and the reaction is not complete.
b. A substance is never 100% pure.
c. During isolation product is lost.

TOUPADAKIS

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

Page 4 of 10

d. There are side reactions.


e. All of the above.

Part II: Multiple Choice, Short Calculations (6 points each)


Select the best answer and enter your choice on the cover sheet No partial credit
9.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Oxygen, 7 neutrons
Phosphorus, 9 neutrons
Carbon, 4 neutrons
Nitrogen, 8 neutrons

e.

Sulfur, 23 neutrons

10. Suppose that element (E) is found in nature as a mixture of three isotopes, E-25, E-27
and E-29. If the atomic mass of the element (E) is 26.793 amu, calculate the isotopic
mass of E-27 by considering the table below.
Isotope

Isotopic Mass (amu)

E-25

24.988

Abundance (atom %)
23.0

E-27
E-29
a.
b.
c.
d.

26.333 amu
26.542 amu
26.972 amu
26.123 amu

e.

26.895 amu

TOUPADAKIS

58.0
28.668

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

11.

Page 5 of 10

Consider 100.0 g of ethanol CH3CH2OH. This quantity of ethanol contains oxygen that is
equivalent to (x) moles of ozone (O3).
a. x = 5.60 mol O3
b.
c.
d.
e.

12.

x = 4.50 mol O3
x = 5.50 mol O3
x = 0.72 mol O3

x = 0.45 mol O3

A 3.927 g sample of glycerin was found to contain 1.536 g carbon, 0.345 g hydrogen, and
the rest oxygen. Find the empirical formula of glycerin.
a. C2H8O3
b. C3H7O3
c. C3H8O3
d. C3H8O9
e. C3H5O3

TOUPADAKIS

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

Page 6 of 10

13. Consider the compound C2H6O. How many grams of oxygen are in 5.0 grams of it?
a. 2.7
b. 1.2
c. 5.8
d. 2.5
e. 1.7

14. Consider the general chemical equation below:


2A + B + 3C + 2D 2E
The reacting amounts are: 1 mole of A, 3 moles of B, 5 moles of C and 2 moles of D.
Predict the limiting reactant.
a. A
b. B
c. C
d. D
e. None of the above

TOUPADAKIS

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

Page 7 of 10

Part III (32 points)


Please show all work for calculations Partial credit may be given
15. (16 points) Calculate the molarity of each type of ion remaining in solution after 50.0 mL
of 1.00 M HI is mixed with 30.0 mL of 2.00 M KOH and 100.0 mL of water. Assume all
reactants and products except water dissociate completely into ions.

(2 points)

(2 points)
(2 points)
(1 point)
(1 point)
(2 points)

(6 points)

TOUPADAKIS

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

Page 8 of 10

[K+] =

[OH-] =

[I-] =

16. (16 points) In a container we introduce 2.0 moles of K 2Cr2O7, 5.0 moles of SnCl2 and 1.0
mole of HCl. Answer the following questions by considering the balanced equation:
K2Cr2O7 + 3 SnCl2 + 14 HCl 2 CrCl3 + 3 SnCl4 + 2 KCl + 7 H2O
a. Which is the limiting reactant?
b. How many moles of SnCl2 reacted?
c. How many moles of SnCl2 were left unreacted?
d. If the percent yield of the reaction in water is 80.0%, how many moles of
water are actually obtained?
e. What is the average oxidation number of the chromium atoms in K 2Cr2O7 ?
f.

Draw the structural formula of the anion Cr 2O72-

g.

What is the oxidation number of each of the chromium atoms in Cr 2O72-?

a. Which is the limiting reactant? (2 points)


(2.0 mol K2Cr2O7)(7 mol H2O /1 mol K2Cr2O7) = 14 moles H2O
(5.0 mol SnCl2)(7 mol H2O /3 mol SnCl2) = 12 moles H2O
(1.0 mol HCl)(7 mol H2O /14 mol HCl) = 0.50 moles H2O
The lowest number among, 14, 12 and 0.50 is 0.50. Thus, HCl is the limiting reactant and
we will use the given amount of HCl (1.0 mole) in order to find how many moles of SnCl 2 will
be left unreacted.

b. Reacted SnCl2

TOUPADAKIS

(1 point)

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

Page 9 of 10

(1.0 mol HCl)(3 mol SnCl2/14 mol HCl) = 0.21 moles SnCl2 reacted.

c.

Unreacted SnCl2

(1 point)

(Initial moles of SnCl2) - (Reacted moles of SnCl2) = (5.0 - 0.21) moles SnCl2 =
= 4.8 moles unreacted SnCl2

d.

If the percent yield of the reaction in water is 80.0%, how many moles of
water are actually obtained?
(2 points)
0.80 = (Actual moles of water obtained) /(max moles of water could be produced)
0.80 = (Actual moles of water obtained) /(0.50)
Actual moles of water obtained = 0.4

e.

What is the average oxidation number of the chromium atoms in K 2Cr2O7?

(2 points)
2(+1) + 2x + 7(-2) = 0 x = +6

(6 points)

f.

Draw the structural formula of the anion Cr 2O72-

g.

What is the oxidation number of each of the chromium atoms in Cr 2O72-?

(2 points)
(y + y)/2 = +6 y = +6

TOUPADAKIS

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

Page 10 of 10

Key
1

Atomic Number
Symbol
Atomic Mass
Electronegativity

He

1.008
2.20
3

Li

Be

6.941
0.98

9.012
1.57

10.81
2.04

12.01
2.55

14.01
3.04

16.00
3.44

19.00
3.98

4.003
10

Ne

20.18
-

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Na

Mg

Al

Si

Cl

Ar

22.99
0.93

24.31
1.31

26.98
1.61

28.09
1.90

30.97
2.19

32.06
2.58

35.45
3.16

39.95
-

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

Ca

Sc

Ti

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br

Kr

39.10
0.82

40.08
1.00

44.96
1.36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

Rb

Sr

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd

In

Sn

85.47
0.82

87.62
0.95

88.91
1.22

47.90
1.54

91.22
1.33

50.94
1.63

92.91
1.6

52.00
1.66

95.94
2.16

54.94
1.55

(98)
1.9

55.85
1.83

101.1
2.2

58.93
1.88

102.9
2.28

58.70
1.91

106.4
2.20

63.55
1.90

107.9
1.93

65.38
1.65

112.4
1.69

69.72
1.81

114.8
1.78

72.59
2.01

74.92
2.18

78.96
2.55

79.90
2.96

51

52

53

54

Sb

Te

Xe

118.7
1.96

121.8
2.05

127.6
2.1

126.9
2.66

83.80
-

131.3
-

55

56

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

Cs

Ba

Lu

Hf

Ta

Re

Os

Ir

Pt

Au

Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

Rn

132.9
0.79
87

Fr

(223)
0.7

137.3
0.89
88

Ra

(226)
0.9

175.0
1.27
103

178.5
1.3
104

180.9
1.5
105

183.9
2.36
106

186.2
1.9
107

Lr

Unq

Unp

Unh

Uns

(260)
-

190.2
2.2
-

192.2
2.20
109

195.1
2.28

197.0
2.54

200.6
2.00

204.4
2.04

207.2
2.33

209.0
2.02

(209)
2.0

(210)
2.2

(222)
-

Une
-

Some useful equations and data:


PLEASE NOTE: Important values and equations required for calculations are given with the
respective problem. The following may or may not be of any use.

TOUPADAKIS

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

Section D

EXAM 1

Name

Page 11 of 10

m
V

1 m = 10 12 pm

TOUPADAKIS

NA = 6.02 x 10 23

Moles
Molarity
Volume

1 metric ton is 1000 kg

1 lb = 453.59 g

Fall 2016

CHEM 2A

% Yield

Actual Yield
x100
Theoretica l Yield

1 g = 6.022 x 10 23amu

Section D

EXAM 1