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Empowerment of Marginalized Section (Tribal

Women) and their ParticipationABSTRACTThe tribal population is an integral part of Indias social fabric and has the second largest
concentration after that of the African continent. It is more than the total population of France
and Britain and four times that of Australia. The population of tribal communities scheduled in
the Constitution of India and known as Scheduled Tribes (STs).They are scattered over all the
states/UTs, except Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and the UTs of Pondicherry and Chandigarh.
Tribals have traditionally lived in about 15% of the countrys geographical areas,mainly forests,
hills and undulating inaccessible terrain in plateau areas, rich in natural resources. They have
lived as isolated entities for centuries, largely untouched by the society around them.This
seclusion has been responsible for the slower growth, dissimilar pattern of their socio-economic
and cultural development and inability to negotiate and cope with the consequences of their
involuntary integration into mainstream society and economy. Tribals continue to be socioeconomically backward.
Tribal development in India has been a success as the primitive societies living in remote rural
areas are now educating their children and living in desirable standards. It is interesting to note
that apart from several governmental efforts, the contributions of non-governmental
organizations in providing training and development in different sectors of economy especially
the tribal population.
This paper is focused particularly on tribal women and various development program and skill
development program Women in tribal India often face abusive situations related to domestic
violence, physical and mental torture, wife-beating, sexual abuse, and so forth. It is also realized
that women face resistance in participating in training programmes due to sharing of
responsibilities at family level. They also face barriers due to bias and discriminatory behavior
common in society. Arrangements are made by the government and NGOS to encourage women
to form self-help groups and seek answers to their own problems. The paper brings out the cases
of under-represented women who are successful in empowering themselves by making use of
education and training.
Tribals have been residing in forest areas for generations, cultivating land and collecting nontimber forest produce. While tribal women have more say in family decisions than their nontribal counterparts, they also share more responsibilities. Preparing food and providing for
drinking water is solely their responsibility so they operate closely with the forests from where
they get water, fuel and minor products including edible fruits, tubers, flowers, vegetables and
berries. The paper brings out the cases of under-represented women who are successful in
empowering themselves by making use of education and training.