Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

TK4101 Perancangan Proses Kimia

Ujian Akhir Terbuka :


Batas Waktu
:

Tiga topik perancangan proses.


Jumat, 18 Desember 2015.

Soal #1 (Nilai 50%) + Bonus Semangat Berkreasi :


Anda sedang ditugasi untuk mengkaji proses produksi iso-butan berdasarkan reaksi
kesetimbangan berikut:

Umpan proses ini adalah aliran dengan komposisi 20 %-mol iso-butan dan 80 %-mol normalbutan. Secara khusus, anda diminta mengkaji dua alternatif konfigurasi proses tipikal yang
melibatkan operasi unit distilasi dan reaktor seperti digambarkan pada skema proses berikut:

Laporan hasil kajian anda diharapkan mencakup dua hal utama berikut:
1. Penjelasan naratif hasil evaluasi keunggulan dan kelemahan dari masing-masing
konfigurasi proses.
2. Evaluasi kuantitatif tekno-ekonomi untuk menentukan pilihan dari salah satu
konfigurasi tersebut.
Catatan : Anda sangat dianjurkan mencari tambahan informasi yang diperlukan (misal:
kinetika reaksi, kondisisi operasi tipikal, pelibatan integrasi panas, dll).

Soal #2 (Nilai 50%) + Bonus Semangat Berkreasi :


A material balance has been completed for a process to manufacture styrene and an
ethylbenzene byproduct from reactions involving methanol and toluene. See Figure below for
a block flow diagram of the process with the results of material balance calculations.

Ujian Akhir Terbuka TK4101 Perancangan Proses Kimia

hal. 1/2

You are to develop an optimal heat exchanger network for this process. Note that:
a) Stream 1 is fresh methanol feed, which enters at 25 C and 600 Pa.
b) Stream 2 is fresh toluene feed, which enters at 25 C and 600 Pa.
c) Stream 4 is methanol vapor recycle from the aqueous methanol recovery, S3, system. This
stream returns at 113 C at saturation pressure.
d) Stream 3 is an organic recycle from the distillation section. This stream returns at 175'C and
saturation pressure as a vapor.
e) Streams 1 and 2 must be brought to the bubble point in separate heat exchangers and then
vaporized in separate heat exchangers. These streams can then be mixed as desired with
streams 3 andlor 4 to obtain the combined feed to the reactor, which must enter the reactor
at 500 C and 400 kPa. A furnace must be used to heat streams from 400 to 500 C.
f) Stream 6, the reactor effluent, leaves the adiabatic reactor as vapor at 425 C and 330 kPa
and must be cooled and partially condensed at 278 kPa before entering the three-phase
separator. During that condensation, primary and secondary dew points are observed, with the
final effluent comprised of a vapor phase and two liquid phases. Be sure to determine a
cooling curve for cooling and partially condensing the reactor effluent.
g) Column S1 has a reboiler duty of 2.83 X 107 kcal/hr to reboil the bottoms in the temperature
range of 144-145 C.
h) Column S2 has a reboiler duty of 4.64 X 106 kcal/hr to reboil the bottoms in the temperature
range of 153-154 C.
i) Column S1 needs a condenser duty of 2.59 X 107 kcal/hr to condense the overhead in the
temperature range of 103-80 C.
j) Column S2 needs a condenser duty of 2.62 X 106 kcaVhr to condense the overhead in the
temperature range of 108-89 C.
k) Stream 11, the liquid styrene product, needs to be cooled from 145 to 38 C before being sent
to storage.
l) Stream 13, the liquid ethylbenzene byproduct, needs to be cooled from 153 to 38 C before
being sent to storage.
Your tasks:
1. Solve the material and energy balances for the flowsheet in the Figure above using a process
simulator. Adjust the pressure drops in each equipment item to satisfy the pressure
specifications above.
2. Using the solution of the material and energy balances in step 1, extract information necessary
to define the HEN synthesis problem. Pay attention to possible phase changes in the streams.
3. Compute the pinch temperatures and MER targets for Tmin = 10C.
4. Carry out an MER design to meet the targets in step 3. Avoid temperature-driving forces
greater than 50C when boiling a pure species or a mixture.
____________________________

Selamat Bekerja ____________________________

Ujian Akhir Terbuka TK4101 Perancangan Proses Kimia

hal. 2/2