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Reduction Techniques, Part 2: Substructuring - Applicability and Examples “Efficient and Smart Solutions for Large

Reduction Techniques, Part 2:

Substructuring - Applicability and Examples

Part 2: Substructuring - Applicability and Examples “Efficient and Smart Solutions for Large Models” 1 ©

“Efficient and Smart Solutions for Large Models”

Substructuring allows for collaborative work or memory efficient harmonic and transient simulations   

Substructuring

allows for collaborative work or memory efficient

harmonic and

transient

simulations

work or memory efficient harmonic and transient simulations        
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               

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Substructuring: principles, examples & application to design variations 3 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20,

Substructuring: principles, examples &

application to design variations

Substructuring: principles, examples & application to design variations 3 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Substructuring: principles, examples & application to design variations 3 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Substructuring: principles, examples & application to design variations 3 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Substructuring: principles, examples & application to design variations 3 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Substructuring: principles, examples & application to design variations 3 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Substructuring principles 4 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012

Substructuring

principles

Substructuring principles 4 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Substructuring in three steps 5 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012

Substructuring in three steps

Substructuring in three steps 5 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Reduce linear components Full components Reduced model        

Reduce linear components

Reduce linear components Full components Reduced model         

Full components

Reduce linear components Full components Reduced model         
Reduce linear components Full components Reduced model         
Reduce linear components Full components Reduced model         

Reduced model

Reduce linear components Full components Reduced model         
Reduce linear components Full components Reduced model         
Reduce linear components Full components Reduced model         

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Compute the solution by assembling the reduced models       

Compute the solution by assembling the

reduced models

Compute the solution by assembling the reduced models        

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Post-process on full model or areas of interest 8 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20,

Post-process on full model or areas of

interest

Post-process on full model or areas of interest 8 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Overview – Solution Steps SubStructure 1 SubStructure 2 SubStructure N Generation 1. Assemble the M,

Overview Solution Steps

SubStructure 1 SubStructure 2 SubStructure N Generation 1. Assemble the M, K 1. Assemble the
SubStructure 1
SubStructure 2
SubStructure N
Generation
1. Assemble the M, K
1. Assemble the M, K
1. Assemble the M, K
Pass (Step 1)
2. Static reduction
2. Static reduction
2. Static reduction
3. Modal analysis
3. Modal analysis
3. Modal analysis
Superelement 1
Superelement 2
Superelement N
USE Pass
(Step 2)
1.Couple superelements
2. Analysis
Expansion
Pass (Step 3)
Transfer back to physical
coordinate of
substructure 1
Transfer back to physical
coordinate of
substructure 2
Transfer back to physical
coordinate of
substructure N
of substructure 2 Transfer back to physical coordinate of substructure N 9 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
Static Substructuring & CMS 10 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012

Static Substructuring & CMS

Static Substructuring & CMS 10 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Static (Guyan)  Guyan Reduction procedure  inertia forces are negligible compared to elastic forces

Static (Guyan)

Guyan Reduction procedure

inertia forces are negligible compared to elastic forces

inertia forces are negligible compared to elastic forces  Net result: the reduced stiffness matrix is

Net result: the reduced stiffness matrix is exact, whereas the reduced mass and damping matrices are approximate

Note: Choosing master DOF is an important step in a reduced analysis, impacting accuracy of results

Component Mode Synthesis  CMS is a type of substructuring which performs a modal analysis

Component Mode Synthesis

CMS is a type of substructuring which performs a modal analysis of a structure

based on independent modal analyses of

its parts

The synthesis involves making the

analyses of its parts  The synthesis involves making the components work together as a single

components work together as a single

structure by satisfying inter-component compatibility and equilibrium constraints

Master DOF are required only at interface nodes

and equilibrium constraints  Master DOF are required only at interface nodes 12 © 2011 ANSYS,
CMS with ANSYS Workbench 13 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012

CMS with ANSYS Workbench

CMS with ANSYS Workbench 13 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
APDL macros embedded in the simulation tree for generation, use and expansion pass 14 ©

APDL macros embedded in the simulation tree for generation, use and expansion pass

APDL macros embedded in the simulation tree for generation, use and expansion pass 14 © 2011
Results are available through standard operations 15 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012

Results are available through standard

operations

Results are available through standard operations 15 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
When to use substructuring? 16 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012

When to use substructuring?

When to use substructuring? 16 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
When to use substructuring? 16 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Reduce memory consumption 17 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012

Reduce memory consumption

Reduce memory consumption 17 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Allow collaborative work and create a library of components 18 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May

Allow collaborative work and create a library

of components

Allow collaborative work and create a library of components 18 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20,
Reduce solution time for harmonic and transient analyses 19 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20,

Reduce solution time for harmonic and

transient analyses

Reduce solution time for harmonic and transient analyses 19 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Reduce solution time for harmonic and transient analyses 19 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012
Comparing the accuracy of a CMS analysis to a standard one 20 © 2011 ANSYS,

Comparing the accuracy of a CMS analysis to a

standard one

Comparing the accuracy of a CMS analysis to a standard one 20 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
Comparing the accuracy of a CMS analysis to a standard one 20 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc.
You can perform efficient design variations by reusing components 21 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May
You can perform efficient design variations by reusing components 21 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May

You can perform efficient design variations by reusing components

You can perform efficient design variations by reusing components 21 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20,
Q & A 22 © 2011 ANSYS, Inc. May 20, 2012

Q & A