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Intermediate wordlist: English to Russian

ENGLISH

Pronunciation (UK)

PoS

RUSSIAN

Definition

Example

Lesson

(any) idea

(en.i) ad

phrase

(-)

an understanding, thought, or picture in


your mind

Have you any idea if we asked him


to come?

7D

(too) many

(tu) men.i

phrase

used mainly in negative sentences and


questions to mean 'a large number of'

Too many people just dont make


the effort.

8B

(too) much

(tu) mt

phrase

()

a lot of

Too much rubbish is just thrown


away.

8B

a bit

bt

phrase

slightly

Perhaps some people can take it a


bit too seriously.

4D

a few

fju

phrase

some, or a small number of

Ive got a few friends who recycle


things.

8B

a heavy sleeper

hev.i sli.p

phrase

someone who does not wake up easily

Fiona's a very heavy sleeper


nothing can wake her up.

2C

a light sleeper

lat sli.p

phrase

someone who wakes up easily

Fiona's a very light sleeper.

2C

a little

lt.()l

phrase

a small amount

We made a little progress there, I


think.

8B

abbreviation for Accident and Emergency:


the part of a hospital where people go
when they are injured or ill and need
treatment quickly

A&E department

9A

A&E

e n 'i

noun

able

e.b()l

adjective

clever or good at doing something

I was able to give a good


performance.

7A

absolutely

b.slut.li

adverb

completely

feel absolutely fantastic

2C

to agree to take something that is offered


to you

accept an offer

9B

accept

ksept

verb

something bad which happens that is not


intended and which causes injury or
damage

She said that shed been in a car


accident.

11A

accident

k.s.dnt

noun

accidentally

k.sden.t.li

adverb

without intending to, or without being


intended

opportunities that happen


accidentally

6C

ache

ek

noun

a feeling of pain over an area of your body


which continues for a long time

a stomach ache

9D

achieve

tiv

verb

to succeed in doing something good,


usually by working hard

achieve your goals

7A

act

kt

verb

to behave in a particular way

Fortunate people act in a way that


creates good luck in their lives.

6C

addicted

dk.td

adjective

()

not able to stop taking a drug

Im terrified of becoming addicted


to sleeping pills.

2C

admit

dmt

verb

to agree that you did something bad, or


that something bad is true

Dom admitted being madly in love


with Kat.

11C

adventure

dven.t

noun

an exciting and sometimes dangerous


experience

The holiday was an adventure.

3C

adventurous

dven.tr.s

adjective

()

exciting and often dangerous

Whats the most adventurous thing


youve ever done?

4B

advertise

d.v.taz

verb

to put information in a newspaper or on


the Internet, asking for someone or
something that you need

Theyre going to advertise for local


bands to play for free.

6D

against

enst

preposition

disagreeing with a plan or activity

protest against something

9B

agency

e.dn.si

noun

a business that provides a service

I wouldnt have left London if Id


stayed with the ad agency.

12B

aggressive

res.v

adjective

behaving in an angry and violent way


towards another person

Some of them can be a bit


aggressive at times.

4D

ago

adverb

used to refer to a time in the past

My wife and I started working in


the hotel industry 19 years ago.

3A

agree

ri

verb

to have the same opinion as someone

I agree with you.

2B

She agreed to have dinner with


him.

11C

agree

ri

verb

to say you will do something that someone


asks you to do

air conditioning

e knd.n.

noun

a system that keeps the air cool in a


building or car

It has air conditioning.

5A

air freshener

e fre.n.r

noun

a substance or device which makes a room


or vehicle smell pleasant

I'm looking for an air freshener.

5D

album

l.bm

noun

several songs or pieces of music on a CD, a


record, etc

have an album/a CD in the charts

4A

all right

l rat

adjective

good enough, although not very good

I think is/are all right.

1B

allergic

l.dk

adjective

having an allergy

I'm allergic to penicillin.

9D

allergy

l..di

noun

a medical condition in which your body


reacts badly to something that you eat,
breathe, or touch

An allergy is a medical problem


that some people get when they eat,
breathe or touch certain things.

9A

already

lred.i

adverb

before now, or before a particular time in


the past

He has already been questioned by


the police.

9B

although

conjunction

despite the fact that

Although we dont enjoy crying, its


actually good for us.

9C

amazed

mezd

adjective

extremely surprised

Im amazed if I ever sleep through


the night.

2C

amazingly

me.z.li

adverb

very surprising

Amazingly, it works.

1C

ambitious

mb.s

adjective

wanting to be successful or powerful

She's very ambitious.

4B
11A

ancestor

n.ses.t

noun

a relative who lived a long time ago

When did our ancestors start


getting married to each other?

angry

.ri

adjective

having a strong feeling against someone


who has behaved badly, making you want
to shout at them or hurt them

I was really angry at him for


crashing the car.

1C

animation

n.me.n

noun

an animated film, or the process of making


animated films

Eric might go to an animation club


meeting.

1C

annoyed

nd

adjective

slightly angry

I get annoyed when I have to wait


in queues.

1C

annoying

n.

adjective

making you feel annoyed

I think is/are (really)


boring/annoying.

1B

ant

nt

noun

a small, black or red insect that lives in


groups on the ground

ant bites

4B

antibiotic

n.ti.bat.k

noun

a medicine which cures infections by


destroying harmful bacteria

Do I need some antibiotics?

9D

apartment

pt.mnt

noun

a new apartment block

5A

apartment block

pt.mnt blk

noun

a new apartment block

5A

app

noun

apps for your phone

3B

apparently

pr.nt.li

adverb

Apparently his wife wants her


script back.

11A

a set of rooms for someone to live in on


one level of a building or house
a building which is divided into
apartments
a computer program designed for a
particular purpose
used to say that you have read or been told
something although you are not certain it
is true

appear

verb

to seem to be a particular thing or have a


particular quality

The sculptures appear to be frozen


in time.

4C

apply

pla

verb

to ask officially for something, often by


writing

You might not get in this year if you


dont apply soon.

6A

appointment

pnt.mnt

noun

a time you have arranged to meet someone


or go somewhere

make an appointment

6A

approach

prt

noun

a way of doing something

Latest research suggests that this


approach can do more harm than
good.

6B

archaeological

.ki.ld..kl

adjective

relating to the study of ancient cultures by


looking for and examining their buildings,
tools, and other objects

an important archaeological
discovery

9B

area

e.ri.

noun

a region of a country or city

in a residential area

5A

arrange

rend

verb

to make the necessary plans and


preparations for something to happen

arrange meetings

11A

arrest

rest

verb

If the police arrest someone, they take


them away to ask them about a crime
which they might have committed.

Two men have just been arrested.

9B

art

noun

the making or study of paintings,


drawings, etc or the objects created

go to museums/art galleries

1A

as far as someone's

z f z sm.wns

concerned

knsnd

phrase

used to show what someone thinks about


something

As far as Im concerned, theres no


better way to travel.

1B

ask

sk

verb

to say something to someone because you


want to know if you can do something

She asked if her rabbit could come


to work with her.

11B

asthma

s.m

noun

an illness which makes it difficult to


breathe

Asthma is an illness which makes it


difficult for you to breathe.

9A

at all

t l

phrase

in any way

I dont like at all

1B

at times

t tamz

phrase

sometimes

Some of them can be a bit


aggressive at times.

4D

atmosphere

t.ms.f

noun

the feeling which exists in a place or


situation

a fantastic atmosphere

4A

attach

tt

verb

to fasten, join or connect; to place or fix in


position

She attached a photograph to her


letter.

8C

attachment

tt.mnt

noun

a computer file which is sent together with


an email message

My brother sent me an attachment.

7B

attack

tk

noun

a violent act intended to hurt or damage


someone or something

a shark attack

8C

attitude

t..tjud

noun

how you think or feel about something and


how this makes you behave

a positive attitude

6C

attract

trkt

verb

to make people come to a place or do a


particular thing by being interesting,
enjoyable, etc

These flowers are brightly coloured


to attract butterflies.

12C

attraction

trk.n

noun

something that makes people come to a


place or want to do a particular thing

He admits that the danger is part of


the attraction.

12C

attractive

trk.tv

adjective

beautiful or pleasant to look at

be attractive

1A

audience

.di.ns

noun

the people who sit and watch a


performance at a theatre, cinema, etc

I noticed my mum and dad in the


audience.

4A

audition

d.n

noun

when someone does a short performance


to try to get a job as an actor, singer, etc

go for an audition

11A

awful

.fl

adjective

very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant

I think is/are
awful/terrible/dreadful.

1B

back

bk

adverb

to the state something or someone was in


before

get (back) to sleep

2C

back something up

bk sm. p

phrasal
verb

to make an extra copy of computer


information

Can you help me back up these


documents online?

7B

badly-paid

bd.li ped

adjective

not earning a lot of money

In a badly-paid job you dont earn


very much money, probably less
than you think you should earn.

11B

bag

noun

a container made of paper, plastic, etc,


used for carrying things

a bag of sweets

8B

bake

bek

verb

to cook something such as bread or a cake


with dry heat in an oven

We bake things in an oven.

2B

balcony

bl.k.ni

noun

a small area joined to the wall outside a


room on a high level where you can stand
or sit

It has a balcony.

5A

bald

bld

adjective

with little or no hair

go bald

10B

ballroom dancing

bl.rum dn.s

noun

dancing such as the waltz or the tango


done by a man and woman together

Neither of us had a clue how to do


ballroom dancing.

7A

band

bnd

noun

a group of musicians who play modern


music together

be a big fan of a band

4A

barbecue

b.b.kju

verb

to cook food on a barbecue

It tastes better if its barbecued over


an open fire.

2B

battery

bt.r.i

noun

an object that provides electricity for


things such as radios, toys, or cars

spare batteries

8D

be in charge

b n td

phrase

to be the person who has control of or is


responsible for someone or something

be in charge of a company

11A

phrase

to be very interested in something

Im really into yoga at the moment.

12A

phrase

to be the person whose duty is to deal with


something

be responsible for the finances

11A

b sk v sm.

phrase

Im sick of working or studying so


hard.

12A

be up to someone

b p t sm.wn

phrase

Its up to me when I take my


holiday.

12A

be worth a try

b w tra

phrase

Well, its worth a try, I guess.

2C

bear

be

verb

I cant bear

1B

beard

bd

noun

the hair that grows on a man's chin

the guy in the dark suit with curly


hair and the beard

10B

beef

bif

noun

the meat of a cow

barbecued beef

2B

beer

noun

an alcoholic drink made from grain, or a


glass or container of this drink

a bottle of beer

8B

behave

bhev

verb

to do or say things in a particular way

Fortunate people behave in a way


that creates good luck in their lives.

6C

behaviour

bhe.vj

noun

the way that you behave

sensible behaviour

4D

believable

bli.v.b()l

adjective

If something is believable, you can believe


that it could be true or real.

I didn't find any of the characters in


the film believable.

8C

believe

bliv

verb

to think that something is true, or that


what someone says is true

scientists now believe teenagers


need about an hour more sleep than
adults.

2B

best

best

adjective

superlative of good: better than any other

Its probably best to use rickshaws.

3D

best-seller

bestsel.

noun

The book has been a best-seller


since it was published.

3B

biscuit

bs.kt

noun

a very popular book that many people have


bought
a thin, flat cake that is dry and usually
sweet

a packet of biscuits

8B

bit

bt

noun

a small amount or piece of something

Oh, theres a bit of pasta left if


youre hungry

8B

bite

bat

verb

to cut something using your teeth

He was bitten on the arm.

8C

bizarre

bz

adjective

very strange and surprising

Nothing is too bizarre for this


museum.

4C

blender

blen.d

noun

an electric machine for making soft foods


into a smooth liquid

I'm looking for a blender.

5D

be into something

b n.t sm.

be responsible for

b rspn.s.b()l

something

f sm.

be sick of something

to be bored with or annoyed about


something that has been happening for a
long time
If an action or decision is up to someone,
they are responsible for doing or making
it.
to be useful or enjoyable to try
to accept someone or something
unpleasant

blindfold

bland.fld

verb

to put a strip of cloth on someone, which


covers their eyes and stops them from
seeing

The birthday person is blindfolded


and then tries to hit the piata with
a stick.

5C

Dont wear new boots or else youll


get blisters.

8D

blister

bls.t

noun

a painful, raised area of skin with liquid


inside, that you get if your skin has been
rubbed or burned, or a similar area on a
painted surface

blizzard

blz.d

noun

a storm with strong winds and snow

We got stuck in a blizzard for six


hours.

8A

blocked-up

blkt p

adjective

filled with something so that nothing can


pass through

I've got a blocked-up nose.

9D

blog

bl

noun

a record of your thoughts that you put on


the Internet for other people to read

Writing my blog makes me happy.

1A

blonde

blnd

adjective

Blonde hair is pale yellow.

blonde hair

10B

blow out

bl at

phrasal
verb

If a flame blows out, or if you blow it out, it


stops burning because you or the wind
have blown it.

Parents tell their children to make a


wish before they blow out the
candles.

5C

blush

bl

verb

If you blush, your face becomes red,


especially because you are embarrassed.

People usually blush because theyre


embarrassed.

9C

boil

bl

verb

to cook food in water that is boiling

We boil things in a saucepan.

2B

boiling

bl.

adjective

very hot

absolutely boiling

2C

bond

bnd

verb

to develop a strong relationship with


someone

Laughter is a way of bonding with


another person or a group.

9C

book

bk

verb

to arrange to use or do something at a


particular time in the future

Do you know whether weve booked


them a hotel room?

7D

boot

but

noun

a strong shoe that covers your foot and


part of your leg

walking boots

8D

bored

bd

adjective

feeling tired and unhappy because


something is not interesting or because
you have nothing to do

If I'm bored this weekend, I .

6A

boring

br.

adjective

not interesting or exciting

I think is/are (really)


boring/annoying.

1B

bother

b.

verb

to make the effort to do something

Dont bother going to the museums.

3D

a bottle of beer

8B

bottle

bt.()l

noun

a container for liquids, usually made of


glass or plastic, with a narrow top

box

bks

noun

a square or rectangular container

a box of chocolates

8B

boyfriend

b.frend

noun

a man or boy who someone is having a


romantic relationship with

He's Lisas new boyfriend.

1D

brave

brev

adjective

showing no fear of dangerous or difficult


situations

She's very brave.

4B

break a rule

brek rul

verb

to not do what you should do according to


a rule

break a rule

9C

breathtaking

brete.k

adjective

very beautiful or surprising

absolutely breathtaking

4C

brilliant

brl.i.nt

adjective

very good

I think is/are
great/brilliant/wonderful.

1B

broke

brk

adjective

to not have any money

Im completely broke at the


moment.

12A

bug

bg

noun

""
(
)

a small, electronic piece of equipment used


to secretly listen to people talking

Kat managed to put a bug in the


phone.

11C

The charity also reports that online


bullying is also on the increase.

7C

bullying

b.li.

noun

when you are hurt and frightened by


someone bigger or more powerful, who
often forces you to do something you do
not want to do

burrito

bri.t

noun

(
)

a type of Mexican food made by folding a


tortilla (= thin round bread) and putting
meat, beans and cheese inside it

to make the perfect burrito

2B

business class

bz.ns kls

noun

a more expensive way of travelling by


aircraft in which you sit in a separate part
of the aircraft and are given better service

travel business class

3B

butter

bt.

noun

a soft, pale yellow food made from cream


that you put on bread and use in cooking

a packet of butter

8B

buy

ba

verb

to get something by paying money for it

Ill buy some food.

2B

cake

kek

noun

a sweet food made from flour, butter,


sugar, and eggs mixed together and baked

make a cake

6A

call

kl

noun

Give me a call.

10A

call back

kl bk

phrasal
verb

Ill ask Max to call you back.

10A

call centre

kl sen.t

noun

Phoning call centres really drives


me crazy.

1B

call something off

kl sm. f

phrasal
verb

to decide that a planned event or activity


will not happen because it is not possible,
useful, or wanted now

call off a strike

9B

calm

km

adjective

relaxed and not worried, frightened, or


excited

I was surprised by how calm and


relaxed I felt.

1C

when you use the telephone


to telephone someone again, or to
telephone someone who telephoned you
earlier
a place where people use telephones to
provide information to customers, or to
sell goods or services

when you stay in a tent for a holiday


a closed, metal container for food or
liquids
to be allowed to do something

camping stove

8D

a can of beans

8B

Can I make myself some breakfast?

10D

to say that an organized event will not now


happen

The trains get cancelled for no


reason.

1B

noun

a stick of wax with string going through it


that you burn to produce light

put candles on the cake

5C

knt b b.d

phrase

- ,

If you can't be bothered to do something,


you are too lazy or tired to do it.

I cant be bothered to cook this


evening.

12A

can't stand

knt stnd

verb

to hate someone or something

I cant stand

1B

cardboard

kd.bd

noun

thick, stiff paper that is used for making


boxes

They're made of cardboard.

5D

career

kr

noun

the time that you spend doing a particular


job

successful careers

6C

careful

ke.fl

adjective

giving a lot of attention to what you are


doing so that you do not have an accident,
make a mistake, or damage something

Be careful when youre crossing


rivers.

8C

carriage

kr.d

noun

one of the separate parts of a train where


the passengers sit

930 trains with over 14,000


carriages.

4C

carton

k.tn

noun

a container for food and drink that is made


from strong, stiff paper or plastic

a carton of apple juice

8B

CD

sidi

noun

abbreviation for compact disc: a small disc


on which music or information is recorded

have an album/a CD in the charts

4A

celebrate

sel..bret

verb

to do something enjoyable because it is a


special day, or because something good
has happened

Not everyone celebrates their


birthday on the day they were born.

5C

celebrity

sleb.r.ti

noun

a famous person

The ones with celebrities are the


best.

1B

central heating

sen.tr()l hit.

noun

a system of heating a building by warming


air or water in one place and carrying it to
different rooms in pipes

electric central heating

5A

certain

s.tn

adjective

completely sure of something, or knowing


without doubt that something is true

They feel certain theyre going to be


lucky.

6C

challenging

tl.nd.

adjective

difficult to do in a way that tests your


ability or determination

A challenging job is very difficult,


but in an enjoyable way.

11B

chance

tns

noun

the opportunity to do something

When I had the opportunity to


become a magician I jumped at the
chance

7A

camping

kmp.

noun

can

kn

noun

()

can

kn / kn

modal verb

cancel

kn.s()l

verb

candle

kn.d()l

can't be bothered

chance

tns

noun

when something happens because of luck,


or without being planned

by chance

6C

charge

td

verb

to ask someone to pay an amount of


money for something, especially for an
activity or a service

Theyre going to charge people 5


to get into the festival.

6D

charm

tm

noun

an object that you keep or wear because


you believe that it is lucky

lucky charm

6C

charts

tts

phrase

an official list of the most popular songs


each week

have an album/a CD in the charts

4A

chat

tt

verb

to talk with someone in a friendly and


informal way

chat to friends online

1A

cheap

tip

adjective

not expensive, or costing less than usual

They wrote a 93-page guide book


called Across Asia on the Cheap.

3B

check in

tek n

phrasal
verb

(
)

to go to the desk at a hotel in order to say


that you have arrived, and to get the key to
your room

When people stay in a hotel, what


happens when they check in?

3A

check out

tek at

What time do they usually have to


check out?

3A

tek sm. at

(
)
-,
-

to leave a hotel after paying your bill

check something out

phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb

to go to a place in order to see what it is


like

Check out The Museum of Bad Art


in Massachusetts.

4C

cheer (someone) up

t p

phrasal
verb

to stop feeling sad, or to make someone


feel happier

They cheer themselves up by


imagining things could be worse
than they are.

6C

chemical

kem..k()l

noun

a basic substance that is used in chemistry


or produced by chemistry

produce chemicals

1C

chilli

tl.i

noun

a small, thin, red or green vegetable that


tastes very hot

extra-hot chilli sauce

2B

chocolate

tk.l.t

noun

a small piece of sweet food covered in


chocolate

a box of chocolates

8B

choose

tuz

verb

to decide which thing you want

choose numbers

6C

city centre

st.i sen.t

noun

the central part of a city

Its a little further away from the


city centre.

5A

clap

klp

verb

to hit your hands together, often


repeatedly, especially in order to show that
you enjoyed a performance

clap your hands

1C

class

kls

noun

a group of students who have lessons


together

Ill be at the next class unless

6A

cleaning

klin.

noun

when you remove the dirt from the rooms


in a house or building

do the cleaning

6A

clear something out

kl sm. at

phrasal
verb

to tidy a place by getting rid of things that


you do not want

Give yourself at least two hours to


clear out a room.

5B

client

kla.nt

noun

someone who pays someone else for


services or advice

They are going to take the clients


for lunch in a hotel.

7D

climate change

kla.mt tend

noun

the way the Earth's weather is changing

man-made climate change

8A

clothing

kl.

noun

clothes, especially of a particular type

waterproof clothing

8D

cloud

klad

noun

a white or grey mass that floats in the sky,


made of small water drops

I love just sitting back and


watching the clouds go by

1B

club

klb

noun

an organization for people who want to


take part in a sport or social activity
together, or the building they use for this

a book club

1C

club

klb

noun

a place open late at night where people can


dance

Why did his manager ask him to DJ


in the club?

4A

abbreviation for carbon dioxide: the gas


formed when carbon is burned, or when
people or animals breathe out. Carbon
dioxide is a greenhouse gas.

CO2 emissions

9B

CO2

si tu

noun

CO2,

coast

kst

noun

the land beside the sea

Over half the worlds population


live on or near the coast.

8A

coffee

kf.i

noun

the beans from which coffee is made, or


the powder made from these beans

Ive found some coffee, but theres


no sugar.

8B

collection

klek.n

noun

a group of things or people

collection of friends

7C

noun

when someone is not conscious for a long


time

He was in a coma for five days.

12C

to return to a place

Heres how to stop all your junk


coming back.

5B

to think of a plan, an idea, or a solution to


a problem

I couldnt come up with a good


excuse.

10C

coma

k.m

come back

km bk

come up with

km p w

phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb

comedy

km..di

noun

entertainment such as a film, play, etc


which is funny

Sallys new play is a comedy.

1C

comfort

km.ft

noun

a pleasant feeling of being relaxed and free


from pain

I missed the comfort of my own bed,

3C

comfortable

kmp.f.t.b()l

adjective

Comfortable furniture, clothes, rooms, etc


make you feel relaxed and do not cause
any pain.

My bed isnt very comfortable.

3C

comment

km.ent

noun

something that you say or write that shows


what you think about something

I sometimes post comments on


news sites and forums.

7C

common

km.n

adjective

happening often or existing in large


numbers

In places like Spain, sending cards


still isnt very common.

5C

commute

kmjut

verb

company

km.p.ni

noun

compass

km.ps

noun

competition

km.pt.n

noun

concerned

knsnd

adjective

concert

kn.st

noun

to regularly travel between work and home

I hate commuting every day.

1B

be in charge of a company

11A

Its worth taking a compass, just in


case.

8D

an organized event in which people try to


win a prize by being the best, fastest, etc

Rebecca suggests having


competitions for people in the
village.

6D

worried

Im very concerned about the


environment.

1C

a performance of music and singing

go to concerts/gigs

1A
9B

an organization which sells goods or


services
a piece of equipment which shows you
which direction you are going in

condition

knd.n

noun

the state that something or someone is in

His condition has been described as


serious.

conditions

knd.nz

phrase

the physical situation that people are in

have good working conditions

2A

conference

kn.f.rns

noun

a large, formal meeting, often lasting a few


days, where people discuss their work,
politics, subjects they are studying, etc

organise conferences

11A

confidence

kn.f.dns

noun

when you are certain of your ability to do


things well

He has a lot of confidence.

3C

confident

kn.f.dnt

adjective

certain about your ability to do things well

Im a bit more confident than her.

3C

confirm

knfm

verb

to say or show that something is true

He has just confirmed that train


drivers will go on strike at
midnight.

9B

confused

knfjuzd

adjective

unable to think clearly or to understand


something

Matt was confused and didnt know


what to do.

1C

congratulate

knr.t.let

verb

to tell someone that you are happy because


they have done something good or
something good has happened to them

The manager came over and


congratulated me.

4A

conscious

kn.s

adjective

awake and able to think and notice things

He's still conscious but he's very


badly injured.

8C

considerate

knsd.r.t

adjective

kind and helpful

She's very considerate.

8C

content

kntent

adjective

happy or satisfied

The volunteers were now more


content with their lives.

6C

control

kntrl

verb

to make a person, organization, or object


do what you want

The left side of the brain controls


the right side of the body.

9C

conversation

kn.vse.n

noun

a talk between two or more people, usually


an informal one

I cant bear listening to other


peoples phone conversations.

1B

cook

kk

verb

()

to prepare food and usually heat it

I enjoy cooking.

2B

cop

kp

noun

a police officer

undercover cop

11C

cope

kp

verb

to deal quite successfully with a difficult


situation

good at coping with bad luck

6C

copy

kp.i

noun

a single book, newspaper, etc of which


many have been produced

It was published in 1973 and has


sold over a million copies.

3B

copy someone in on

kp.i sm.wn n

something

n sm.

phrasal
verb

If you copy somebody in on something,


you give them a copy of something, usually
an email, that you have written for
somebody else

copy somebody in on an email

7B

coral

kr.l

noun

coral reefs

3C

costume

ks.tjum

noun

She changed her costume about


twenty times.

4A

cottage

kt.d

noun

a small house, usually in the countryside

They bought a nice little cottage.

5A

cotton

kt.n

noun

cloth or thread that is produced from the


cotton plant

They're made of cotton.

5D

could

kd / kd

modal verb

used to talk about what is possible or


might happen

It could be the guy that moved to


New York.

10B

could

kd / kd

modal verb

used to ask someone politely to do or


provide something

Could you tell me what time it


starts?

7D

could do with

kd d w

something

sm.

phrasal
verb

to need or want someone or something

I could do with a few days off.

12A

counsellor

kan.s.l

noun

someone whose job is to listen to people


and give them advice about their problems

a child education counsellor

6B

country

kn.tri

noun

in the country

5A

course

ks

noun

do a business course

6A

cover

kv.

verb

to form a layer on the surface of something

cover the cooked meat with a spicy


peanut sauce

2B

crash

kr

verb

If a computer or computer system crashes,


it suddenly stops working.

Wed lose a lot of customers if our


website crashed.

7B

crawl

krl

verb

to move on your hands and knees

I crawled under the desk to plug the


lamp in.

9C

crazy

kre.zi

adjective

annoyed or angry

(really) drive(s) me crazy.

1B

cream

krim

noun

a thick, yellowish-white liquid that is taken


from milk

boil the cream

2B

a hard, usually pink or white substance


produced by a type of very small sea
animal
a set of clothes that someone wears to
make them look like someone or
something else, for example in a play

the areas that are away from towns and


cities
a series of lessons about a particular
subject

to make something happen or exist

A large quantity of water is pushed


to the surface of the ocean, creating
waves.

8A

create

kriet

verb

crisp

krsp

noun

(. .)

a very thin, often round piece of fried


potato, sometimes with a flavour added,
and sold especially in plastic bags

a packet of crisps

8B

criticise

krt..saz

verb

to express disapproval of someone or


something

If you criticise children for not


getting good grades, they can feel
like theyre failures.

6B

cross

krs

verb

to go from one side of something to the


other side

Be careful when youre crossing


rivers.

8D

crowded

krad.d

adjective

very full of people

The trains are always really


crowded.

1B

cruise

kruz

noun

a holiday on a ship, sailing from place to


place

go on a cruise

3B

cry

kra

verb

to produce tears from your eyes, usually


because you are sad, angry, or hurt

make someone cry

6A

cucumber

kju.km.b

noun

Serve with onions, cucumber and


rice cakes.

2B

cupboard

kb.d

noun

Empty all the cupboards and


drawers.

5B

curly

k.li

adjective

curly hair

10B

deal with customers

11A

a long, green vegetable that you eat raw in


salads
a piece of furniture with a door on the
front and shelves inside, used for storing
things
shaped like a curl, or with many curls

customer

ks.t.m

noun

a person or organization that buys goods


or services from a shop or business

cut down

kt dan

phrasal
verb

to make a tree or other plant fall to the


ground by cutting it near the bottom

Why does cutting down trees cause


droughts?

8A

cycle lane

sa.k()l len

noun

a part of the road or a special path for the


use of people riding bicycles

There arent enough cycle lanes.

8B

daily

de.li

adjective

happening or produced every day or once a


day

daily routine

1C

dance music

dns mju.zk

noun

a type of music with a strong beat that


people dance to in a nightclub

I loved dance music.

4A

danger

den.d

noun

the possibility that someone or something


will be harmed or killed, or that something
bad will happen

Theyre in danger of becoming


extinct.

3C

dark

dk

adjective

nearer to black than white in colour

a dark blue suit

10B

a romantic meeting when two people go


out somewhere, such as to a restaurant or
to see a film

He refused to drive her home until


she promised to go out on a date
with him.

11C

date

det

noun

day-to-day

de.tde

adjective

happening every day as a regular part of


your job or your life

day-to-day lives

6C

deadline

ded.lan

noun

a time by which something must be done

meet deadlines

2A

deal with someone

dil w sm.wn

deal with customers/clients

11A

dil w sm.

to take action in order to achieve


something or to solve a problem

good at dealing with bad luck

6C

deal with something

dil w sm.

phrasal
verb

()

to meet or talk to someone, especially as


part of your job

deal with something

phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb

to take action in order to achieve


something or to solve a problem

deal with problems

3A

debt

det

noun

an amount of money that you owe


someone

pay off a debt

9B

decade

dek.ed

noun

a period of ten years

Eight of the ten hottest years have


been recorded in the last two
decades.

8A

decision

ds.n

noun

a choice that you make about something


after thinking about several possibilities

make a decision

6A

deep

dip

adjective

having a long distance from the top to the


bottom

the deep ocean

8A

definitely

def..nt.li

adverb

without any doubt

Id definitely recommend coming to


Grenada.

3C

degree

dri

noun

a qualification given for completing a


university course

do a degree

6A

delete

dlit

verb

to remove something, especially from a


computer's memory

I deleted the email.

7B

delighted

dla.td

adjective

very pleased

absolutely delighted

2C

demanding

dmnd

adjective

needing a lot of your time, attention, or


effort

A demanding job needs a lot of time


and energy.

11B

demonstration

dem.nstre.n

noun

when a group of people march or stand


together to show that they disagree with or
support someone or something

take part in a demonstration

9B

department

dpt.mnt

noun

()

a part of an organization such as a school,


business, or government which deals with
a particular area of work

A&E department

9A

depressed

dprest

adjective

very unhappy, often for a long time

She became very depressed when he


lost her job.

1C

used to say that something happened or is


true, although something else makes this
seem not probable

I went out last night, despite feeling


really tired.

9C

to damage something so badly that it does


not exist or cannot be used

Many of these places will be


destroyed.

8A

a detached house

5A

detective stories

11B

She's very determined.

4B

despite

dspat

preposition

destroy

dstr

verb

detached

dttt

adjective

detective

dtek.tv

noun

determined

dt.mnd

adjective

develop

dvel.p

verb

to grow or change and become more


advanced, or to make someone or
something do this

If children study all the time, they


dont develop in other ways.

6B

diarrhoea

da.r

noun

an illness in which your solid waste is


more liquid than usual, and comes out of
your body more often

Have you had any diarrhoea?

9D

diet

da.t

noun

the type of food that someone usually eats

change your diet

9A

difficult

df..klt

adjective

not friendly or easy to deal with

Marcela had a difficult journey


home yesterday.

1B

difficulty

df..kl.ti

noun

something that is not easy to deal with

difficulty getting to sleep

3C

digest

dadest

verb

to change food in your stomach into


substances that your body can use

When we fast, our body doesnt


have to digest food.

9A

dinner

dn.

noun

the main meal of the day that people


usually eat in the evening

have people round for dinner

1A

disappear

ds.p

verb

to become impossible to see

He disappeared under the water.

8C

disappoint

ds.pnt

verb

to make someone feel unhappy because


someone or something was not as good as
they had expected

We don't want to disappoint the


fans.

12C

disappointed

ds.pn.td

adjective

unhappy because someone or something


was not as good as you hoped or expected,
or because something did not happen

I was disappointed that I wasnt


able to win.

7A

disappointed

ds.pn.td

adjective

unhappy because someone or something


was not as good as you hoped or expected,
or because something did not happen

We were disappointed about the


result.

12C

disappointed

ds.pn.td

adjective

unhappy because someone or something


was not as good as you hoped or expected,
or because something did not happen

They were disappointed that only


ten people came to their party.

1C

A detached building is not joined to


another building.
someone, especially a police officer, whose
job is to discover information about a
crime
wanting to do something very much, and
not letting anyone stop you

making you feel disappointed

He climbed all the difficult


mountains in the Alps and found
them rather disappointing.

12C

disappointing

ds.pn.t

adjective

disappointment

ds.pnt.mnt

noun

the feeling of being disappointed

Book early to avoid


disappointment.

12C

disaster

dz.st

noun

an extremely bad situation

disaster struck

8C

discover

dskv.

verb

to get information about something for the


first time

discover something new

9B

discovery

dskv.r.i

noun

something or someone that is discovered

an important archaeological
discovery

9B

dishonest

dsn.st

adjective

not honest and likely to lie or do


something illegal

He's quite dishonest.

8C

disloyal

dsl.l

adjective

not loyal or not supporting someone who


you should support

He's quite disloyal.

8C

disorganised

ds..nazd

adjective

not good at planning or organizing things

He's quite disorganised.

8C

display

dsple

verb

to arrange something somewhere so that


people can see it

749 pairs of her shoes are displayed


in the museum.

4C

dissimilar

dssm..l

adjective

different

They're very dissimilar.

8C

diving

dav.

noun

the activity or sport of swimming under


water, usually using special breathing
equipment

go diving

1D

divorce

dvs

noun

when two people officially stop being


married

The number of divorces in the UK is


still going up.

10C

DJ

dide

noun

someone who plays music on the radio or


at discos

I wanted to become a
famous DJ.

4A

DJ

dide

verb

to play music on the radio or at discos

Why did his manager ask him to DJ


in the club?

4A

do your best

d j best

phrase

to make the greatest effort possible

I did my best.

7A

donate

dnet

verb

to give money or goods to a person or


organization that needs help

They want people in the village to


donate prizes for the raffle.

6D

donkey

d.ki

noun

A piata is a container, often in the


shape of a donkey.

5C

download

danld

verb

download a track onto my phone

4A

downloadable

danld.bl

adjective

an animal that looks like a small horse


with long ears
to copy computer programs, music or
other information electronically using the
Internet
able to be downloaded

downloadable walking tours

4C

drama

dr.m

noun

a play in a theatre or on television or radio

police dramas

11B

plays and acting generally

a drama club

1C

very sudden or noticeable

dramatic results

6C

a container like a box without a lid that is


part of a piece of furniture and that slides
in and out

Put things you dont want in a junk


drawer.

5B

noun

a pin with a wide, flat top, used for


fastening pieces of paper to a wall

I'm looking for a drawing pin.

5D

dred.fl

adjective

extremely bad or unpleasant

I think is/are
awful/terrible/dreadful.

1B

dream

drim

verb

to imagine something that you would like


to happen

dream of doing something

7A

dream

drim

noun

a series of events and images that happen


in your mind while you are sleeping

have a dream

2C

dress

dres

noun

a piece of clothing for women or girls


which covers the top of the body and hangs
down over the legs

a flowery dress

10B

drink

drk

noun

alcohol, or an alcoholic drink

go out for a drink/meal

1A

to make someone feel crazy

(really) drive(s) me crazy.

1B

drama

dr.m

noun

dramatic

drmt.k

adjective

drawer

dr

noun

drawing pin

dr. pn

dreadful

drive someone crazy

drav sm.wn
kre.zi

phrase

()

drought

drat

noun

a long period when there is no rain and


people do not have enough water

A drought is caused by not enough


rainfall.

8A

dull

dl

adjective

not interesting

A dull job is very boring.

11B

dye

da

verb

to change the colour of something by


using a dye

dyed hair

10B

early

.li

adverb

before the usual time or the time that was


arranged

getting up early

1B

earthquake

.kwek

noun

a sudden movement of the Earth's surface,


often causing severe damage

Tsunamis are caused by


earthquakes under the ocean.

8A

eat

it

verb

to put food into your mouth and then


swallow it

Do you usually eat a lot of street


food?

2B

economy (class)

ikn..mi (kls)

noun

the cheapest and least comfortable seats


on an aircraft

travel economy

3B

effect

fekt

noun

a change, reaction, or result that is caused


by something

the positive effects of laughter on


our health

1C

effort

ef.t

noun

the energy that you need to do something

If you want to help your child,


praise the effort they make.

6B

email

i.mel

verb

to send a message using email

Who emails you the most?

1A

embarrassed

mbr.st

adjective

feeling ashamed or shy

I'd be too embarrassed.

1B

emission

im.n

noun

when gas, heat, light, etc is sent out into


the air, or an amount of gas, heat, light, etc
that is sent out

CO2 emissions

9B

encore

.k

noun

an extra song or piece of music that is


performed at the end of a show because
the audience shout for it

do an encore

4A

encourage

nkr.d

verb

to give someone confidence or hope

encourage someone to do
something

7A

enjoy

nd

verb

If you enjoy something, it gives you


pleasure.

I (really) enjoy ...

1B

enjoyable

nd..b()l

adjective

An enjoyable event or experience gives you


pleasure.

a very enjoyable game/film

12C

enjoyment

nd.mnt

noun

when you enjoy something

Knowing the ending already didn't


spoil my enjoyment of the film.

12C

enormous

n.ms

adjective

extremely large

absolutely enormous

2C

enough

nf

quantifier

as much as is necessary

Theres enough milk for two cups.

8B

entertain

en.tten

verb

to keep someone interested and help them


to have an enjoyable time

Stories of superheroes have


entertained us for nearly eighty
years.

12C

entertaining

en.tten.

adjective

interesting and helping someone to have


an enjoyable time

an entertaining story/film

12C

entertainment

en.tten.mnt

noun

shows, films, television, or other


performances or activities that entertain
people

entertainment for the public

12C

envelope

en.v.lp

noun

a flat paper container for a letter

Adults give children a red envelope


containing lucky money.

5C

equipment

kwp.mnt

noun

the things that are used for a particular


activity or purpose

He climbs without ropes or


protective equipment.

12C

erupt

rpt

verb

If a volcano erupts, it suddenly throws out


smoke, fire, and melted rocks.

Tsunamis can also be caused by a


landslide or a volcano erupting.

8A

escalator

es.k.le.t

noun

moving stairs that take people from one


level of a building to another

go up the escalator

5D

estimate

es.t.met

verb

to guess the cost, size, value, etc of


something

They estimate that a hundred


people were killed in the accident.

8C

If a liquid evaporates or is evaporated, it


changes into gas or vapour very small
drops of water.

The rainwater evaporates because


it isnt held in the ground by the
trees.

8A

evaporate

vp.r.et

verb

even though

i.vn

phrase

although

We enjoyed the concert even though


there werent many people there.

9C

evening

iv().n

noun

the part of the day between the afternoon


and the night

What did you do yesterday


evening?

1A

ever

ev.

adverb

at any time

Have you ever set off very early to


go on holiday?

3A

evil

i.vl

adjective

very cruel, bad, or harmful

evil spirits

6C

evolve

vlv

verb

()

to develop or make something develop,


usually gradually

Its thought that crying evolved to


show other humans that we need
help.

9C

exam

zm

noun

do an exam

6A

excuse

kskjus

noun

make an excuse

6A

exercise

ek.s.saz

noun

do exercise

1A

exhausted

zs.td

adjective

very tired

feel exhausted

2C

expedition

ek.spd.n

noun

an organized journey, especially a long one


for a particular purpose

Cho joined the expedition.

4B

extension

ksten.n

noun

a telephone that is connected to the main


telephone in an office or other large
building

Can you call Gary on extension


223?

11D

extinct

kstkt

adjective

If a type of animal is extinct, it does not


now exist.

Theyre in danger of becoming


extinct.

3C

extremely

kstrim.li

adverb

very, or much more than usual

extremely depressed

2C

eye contact

a kn.tkt

noun

If two people make eye contact, they look


at each other at the same time.

Good liars often make more eye


contact than usual.

9C

failure

fe.lj

noun

when someone or something does not


succeed

children who are frightened of


failure

6B

fairly

fe.li

adverb

more than average, but less than very

a fairly healthy diet

2C

fake

fek

adjective

not real, but made to look or seem real

fake laughter

1C

fall asleep

fl slip

phrase

to start sleeping

She fell asleep on the train home.

2C

an official test of how much you know


about something, or how well you can do
something
false reasons why you cannot do
something
physical activity that you do to make your
body strong and healthy

fall out

fl.at

phrasal
verb

to argue with someone and stop being


friendly with them

You two have never fallen out, have


you?

10C

fan

fn

noun

someone who admires and supports a


famous person, sport, type of music, etc

be a big fan of a singer/band

4A

fancy

fnt.si

verb

to want to have or do something

I really fancy going away this


weekend.

12A

fantastic

fnts.tk

adjective

very good

feel absolutely fantastic

2C

fascinated

fs..ne.td

adjective

extremely interested

absolutely fascinated

2C

fast

fst

verb

to eat nothing, or much less than you


usually eat for a period of time

When we fast, our body doesnt


have to digest food.

9A

fast asleep

fst slip

phrase

completely asleep

be fast asleep

2C

favour

fe.v

noun

something that you do to help someone

do someone a favour

6A

fed up

fed p

adjective

annoyed or bored by something that you


have experienced for too long

fed up with your daily routine

1C

feel up to something

fil p t sm.

phrasal
verb

to have the energy to do something

I dont feel up to going out after


class.

12A

fertility

ftl..ti

noun

the ability of people or animals to have


babies

They became a sign of fertility.

6C

festival

fes.t.vl

noun

a series of special events, performances,


etc that often takes place over several days

The festival is to celebrate the 300th


anniversary of the village.

6D

film

flm

verb

()

to record moving pictures with a camera,


usually to make a film for the cinema or
television

I told her they were going to start


filming soon.

11A

filthy

fl.i

adjective

extremely dirty

absolutely filthy

2C

finally

fa.n.li

adverb

after a long time or some difficulty

When you finally speak to someone


they hardly ever solve your
problem.

1B

finances

fa.nns.z

noun

the money which a person, company, or


country has

be responsible for the finances

11A

find

fand

verb

to become aware that something exists, or


has happened

At first I found it impossible to


breathe and sing at the same time.

7A

fire

fa

noun

when something burns in a way that


causes damage and cannot be controlled

forest fire

8A

firefighter

fa.fa.t

noun

someone whose job is to stop fires burning

a volunteer firefighter

8C

first

fst

adjective

1st written as a word

on the first floor

5A

first class

fst kls

adjective

flat

flt

noun

flat

flt

noun

flood

fld

noun

flood

fld

floor

relating to the best and most expensive


available service, especially when
travelling or sending something
somewhere
a set of rooms to live in, with all the rooms
on one level of a building

travel first class

3B

tidy up the house/the flat

1A

a set of rooms to live in, with all the rooms


on one level of a building

They used to share a flat with


Daniels sister.

1D

when a lot of water covers an area that is


usually dry, especially when a river
becomes too full

There have been floods in many


parts of India.

8A

verb

If a place floods or is flooded, it becomes


covered in water.

A lot of towns and cities on the


coast will be flooded.

8A

fl

noun

a particular level of a building

on the ground/first/top floor

5A

flour

fla.

noun

a powder made from grain that is used to


make bread, cakes, and other food

a freshly-made flour tortilla

2B

flowery

fla..ri

adjective

decorated with a pattern of flowers

a flowery dress

10B

flu

flu

noun

an illness like a very bad cold, that makes


you feel hot and weak

I had the flu last week.

9D

flying

fla.

noun

to travel through the air in an aircraft

I really love flying

1B

follow

fl.

verb

to be interested in an event or activity

follow somebody on Twitter

7C

food

fud

noun

something that people and animals eat, or


plants absorb, to keep them alive

a tin of cat food

8B

food poisoning

fud p.zn.

noun

I think youve got food poisoning.

9D

forest

fr.st

noun

forest fire

8A

forget

fet

verb

to not remember to do something

Don't forget to book hotels before


you travel.

8D

forgive

fv

verb

to decide not to be angry with someone or


not to punish them for something they
have done

People are more likely to forgive


you if you blush.

9C

formal

f.ml

adjective

used about clothes, language, and


behaviour that are serious and not friendly
or relaxed

She's very formal.

8C

forties

f.tiz

phrase

,
40 49

to be aged between 40 and 49

in his/her late forties

10B

fortunate

f.tn.t

adjective

lucky

Fortunate people behave in a way


that creates good luck in their lives.

6C

an illness caused by eating food containing


harmful bacteria
a large area of trees growing closely
together

forum

f.rm

noun

an area of a website where people go to


discuss things

an internet forum

3B

forward

f.wd

verb

to send a letter, email, etc that you have


received to someone else

forward something to someone

7B

freezing

friz.

adjective

very cold

absolutely freezing

2C

freshly

fre.li

adverb

- (
)

recently

freshly-made/freshly-cooked

2B

friend

frend

noun

someone who you know well and like

friends and family

1A

friendly

frend.li

adjective

behaving in a pleasant, kind way towards


someone

a friendly neighbourhood

5A

frown

fran

verb

to make your face show that you are


annoyed or worried by moving your
eyebrows lines of hair above your eyes

She frowned when I said his name.

9C

fry

fra

verb

to cook something in hot oil or fat or to be


cooked in hot oil or fat

Indian meatballs with fried green


peppers in a spicy coconut sauce

2B

full-time

fltam

adjective

happening or working for the whole of the


working week and not only part of it

If you have a full-time job, you


work every day in the working
week (usually Monday to Friday).

11B

furious

fj.ri.s

adjective

extremely angry

absolutely furious

2C

gale

el

noun

a very strong wind

There will be gales in the south


tonight.

8A

gallery

l.r.i

noun

a room or building that is used for showing


paintings and other art to the public

go to museums/art galleries

1A

garage

r.

noun

a small building, often built next to a


house, that you can put a car in

in the garage

5A

gene

din

noun

a part of a cell that is passed on from a


parent to a child and that controls
particular characteristics

your genes

1A

phrase

used to explain that you are talking about


something in a general way

Generally speaking, most children


don't do enough sport.

4D

generally speaking

den.r.l.i
spik.

generous

den.r.s

adjective

giving other people a lot of money,


presents, or time in a kind way

She's very generous.

4B

get

et

verb

to go somewhere and bring back someone


or something

get something to eat/drink

12B

get

et

verb

to arrive somewhere

get here/there/home by (10.30)

3B

get around

et rand

phrasal
verb

go from one place to another

Whats the best way for tourists to


get around your country?

3A

phrasal
verb

to return to a place after you have been


somewhere else

Did anyone pick you up from the


airport or station when you got
back?

3A

phrasal
verb

/-

to obtain something, or to manage to


speak to someone

Who in your family is usually


difficult to get hold of?

10A

phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb

to succeed in being chosen or elected for a


position in a school or other organization

You might not get in this year if you


dont apply soon.

6A

to move somewhere

get into/out of a car

3B

to leave a bus, train, aircraft, or boat

get off a bus/plane

3B

to go onto a bus, train, aircraft, or boat

get on a bus/plane

3B

If two or more people get on, they like each


other and are friendly to each other

I get on really well with my


neighbours.

12B

to annoy someone, especially by doing


something again and again

(really) gets on my nerves.

1B

to avoid doing something that you should


do, often by giving an excuse

I tried to get out of the whole thing.

10C

to begin to feel better after being unhappy


or ill
to throw something away or give
something to someone because you do not
want it now
to spend time with someone or something
so that you gradually learn more about
them

Olivia got over her last three


divorces quickly.

10C

The article tells you how to get rid


of junk.

5B

get to know someone

12B

get back

et bk

get hold of

et hld v

something/someone

sm./ sm.wn

get in

et n

get into/out of

et n.t/ at v

get off

et f

get on

et n

get on

et n

get on someone's

et n sm.wns

nerves

nvz

get out of

et at v

get over something

et .v sm.

phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb

get rid of something

et rd v sm.

phrase

get to know

et t n

someone/something

sm.wn/ sm.

phrase

-/

get to sleep

et t slip

phrase

( )

to succeed in sleeping

get (back) to sleep

2C

get up

et p

phrasal
verb

to wake up and get out of bed, or to make


someone do this

What time you get up on Sundays?

1A

gig

noun

a performance of pop or rock music

go to concerts/gigs

1A

give something away

v sm. we

phrasal
verb

to give something to someone without


asking for any money

things to give away

5B

glad

ld

adjective

happy about something

Im glad you enjoyed the meal.

1C

glamorous

lm.r.s

adjective

attractive in an exciting and special way

A glamorous job is very exciting


and attractive because it is
connected with fame or success.

11B

idiom

(
)

glass

ls

noun

a hard, transparent substance that objects


such as windows and bottles are made of

They're made of glass.

5D

glasses

ls.z

noun

a piece of equipment with two transparent


parts that you wear in front of your eyes to
help you see better

Shes the woman with long wavy


hair and glasses.

10B

global warming

l.bl wm.

noun

when the air around the world becomes


warmer because of pollution

What evidence is there for global


warming?

8A

go

verb

to move or travel somewhere in order to


do something

go on a trip

3B

go away

we

phrasal
verb

to leave your home in order to spend time


in a different place, usually for a holiday

Who looks after your home, pets or


plants when you go away?

3A

go crazy

kre.zi

phrase

to become very excited about something

The whole crowd went crazy.

4A

at

phrasal
verb

( )

to leave a place in order to go somewhere


else

go out for a drink/meal

1A

ru sm.

phrasal
verb

to carefully examine the contents of


something or a collection of things in order
to find something

Go through the cupboards and


drawers in a different room every
month.

5B

to become higher in level

The number of divorces in the UK is


still going up.

10C

If a situation or event goes wrong, it


becomes unpleasant and is not a success

What went wrong?

7A

go out
go through
something
go up

go wrong

phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb

goal

noun

something you want to do successfully in


the future

achieve your goals

7A

good

adjective

having a positive or useful effect

good spirits

6C

gorgeous

.ds

adjective

very beautiful or pleasant

absolutely gorgeous

2C

GP

dipi

noun

abbreviation for general practitioner: a


doctor who sees people in the local area
and treats illnesses that do not need a
hospital visit

A GP is a doctor who gives medical


treatment to people live in a
particular area.

9A

grade

red

noun

a number or letter that shows how good


someone's work or performance is

good grades

6B

great

ret

adjective

very good

I think is/are
great/brilliant/wonderful.

1B

grey

re

adjective

being a colour that is a mixture of black


and white

grey hair

10B

grill

rl

verb

to cook food using direct heat

Grill the lamb.

2B

ground floor

rand fl

noun

the level of a building on the same level as


the ground

on the ground floor

5A

grow old

r ld

verb

to gradually become old

They're growing old.

1A

guide

ad

verb

to help someone or something go


somewhere

go on a guided tour

3B

guide

ad

noun

someone whose job is to show interesting


places to visitors, or to help people get
somewhere

It can be a bit dangerous so we


always take a guide with us.

3C

guide book

ad.bk

noun

a book that gives visitors information


about a particular place

The company has been publishing


guide books for 40 years.

3B

had better do

hd bet. du

something

sm.

phrase

used in order to say what you think


someone should do

You'd better take a torch in case you


have to walk in the dark.

8D

hang around

h rand

phrasal
verb

,
-

to spend time somewhere, usually without


doing very much

I often hang around for a bit after


class.

12A

hard drive

hd drav

noun

the part inside a computer that is not


removed and stores very large amounts of
information

Do you store all your photos on


your hard drive?

7B

hardly

hd.li

adverb

almost not, or only a very small amount

Hardly any people in our building


recycle stuff.

8B

hardly ever

hd.li ev.

phrase

almost never

When you finally speak to someone


they hardly ever solve your
problem.

1B

harm

hm

noun

hurt or damage

Latest research suggests that this


approach can do more harm than
good.

6B

harm

hm

noun

hurt or damage

Latest research suggests that this


approach can do more harm than
good.

8C

harmless

hm.ls

adjective

Sharks are usually harmless to


humans.

8C

hate

het

verb

not able or not likely to cause any hurt or


damage
to dislike someone or something very
much

I (really) hate

1B

hv km l we

phrase

to have advanced to an improved or more


developed state

the company has come a long way

3B

hv n ad

phrase

to not know

I had no idea how to do any magic


tricks

7A

I get hay fever in the spring.

9D

the head teacher of the school

6D

have come a long


way
have no idea
hay fever

he fi.v

noun

head teacher

hedti.t

noun

an illness caused by a bad reaction to


plants that some people get in the
summer, especially affecting the nose and
eyes
the person in charge of a school

health

hel

noun

the condition of your body

the positive effects of laughter on


our health

1C

healthy

hel.i

adjective

physically strong and well

one of the best ways to stay healthy

1C

hear from someone

h frm sm.wn

phrasal
verb

to receive a letter, telephone call, or other


message from someone

Have you heard from Kat recently?

10A

heat wave

hit.wev

noun

a period of time, usually a few days or


weeks, when the weather is much hotter
than usual

The heat wave in Texas has been


going on for over a month.

8A

help

help

verb

to make it easier for someone to do


something

helping others

1A

helpful

help.fl

adjective

willing to help

Everyones very kind and helpful.

3C

a plant that is used in cooking to add


flavour to food or used in medicines

Serve with fresh herbs.

2B

herb

hb

noun

herself

hself

pronoun

the reflexive form of the pronoun 'she'

Deborah looks after three children


by herself.

6B

highlight

ha.lat

noun

the best or most important part of


something

The highlight of this museum is


Imelda Marcoss massive shoe
collection.

4C

himself

hmself

pronoun

the reflexive form of the pronoun 'he'

My son likes playing by himself.

6B

hit

ht

verb

to affect something badly

hit by an earthquake

8A

home

hm

noun

(
),

a place where people who need special care


live

an old people's home

1C

homework

hm.wk

noun

work which teachers give students to do at


home

do your homework

6A

honest

n.st

adjective

not likely to lie, cheat, or steal

She's very honest.

8C

honey

hn.i

noun

a sweet, sticky food that is made by bees

a jar of honey

8B

For their honeymoon they travelled


across Europe.

3B

honeymoon

hn.i.mun

noun

a holiday taken by two people who have


just got married

hopeful

hp.fl

adjective

feeling positive about a future event or


situation

The medical team are hopeful that


he will have full use of his arm in
the future.

8C

hospital

hs.p.tl

noun

a place where ill or injured people go to be


treated by doctors and nurses

take someone to hospital

9B

hot

ht

adjective

Hot food contains strong spices which


cause a burning feeling in your mouth.

extra-hot chilli sauce

2B

hot dog

ht.d

noun

a cooked sausage (= tube of meat and


spices) that you usually eat inside bread

My cousin is eating the longest hot


dog Ive ever seen!

2B

hours

az

noun

the period of time when a particular


activity happens or when a shop or public
building is open

work unsocial hours

11A

housework

has.wk

noun

the work that you do to keep your house


clean

do the housework

6A

however

haev.

conjunction

used when you are about to say something


which is surprising compared with what
you have just said

Erica was well-qualified. However,


she didnt get the job.

9C

huge

hjud

adjective

extremely large

a huge worry

2C

hurricane

hr..kn

noun

a violent storm with very strong winds

Dozens of houses were destroyed by


last nights hurricane.

8A

hypnosis

hpn.ss

noun

a mental state like sleep, in which a


person's thoughts can be easily influenced
by someone else

Ive tried relaxation CDs, hypnosis


and online support groups.

2C

I guess

a es

phrase

Well, its worth a try, I guess.

2C

ID

adi

noun

You need some ID to get into the


Old Bailey.

4C

if

conjunction

If I'm bored this weekend, I

6A

illness

l.ns

noun

the treatment of serious illnesses

1C

immature

m.tj

adjective

not behaving in a way which is as wise and


calm as people expect from someone your
age

He's quite immature.

8C

immune system

mjun ss.tm

noun

the cells and tissues in your body that fight


against infection

strengthen your immune system

1C

impatient

mpe.nt

adjective

easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or


because you have to wait

They're impatient.

4D

impolite

m.plat

adjective

not polite

He's quite impolite.

8C

impossible

mps..bl

adjective

If an action or event is impossible, it


cannot happen or be done.

It was impossible to get back to


sleep.

2C

impressive

mpres.v

adjective

Someone or something that is impressive


makes you admire and respect them.

an impressive sight

4C

improve

mpruv

verb

()

to get better or to make something better

How does laughter improve your


health?

1C

used when you think that something is


probably true or likely
abbreviation for identification: an official
document that shows or proves who you
are
used to say that something will happen
only after something else happens or is
true
a disease of the body or mind

in

adverb

at the place where a person usually lives or


works

have a quiet night in

1A

in case

n kes

phrase

because something might happen, or


might have happened

I should start saving money in case


I lose my job.

6B

in public

n pb.lk

phrase

where everyone can see you

How can people talk about or


relationship problems in public?

1B

phrase

although something exists or happens

Robin slept really well in spite of


there being a lot of noise.

9C

in touch

n tt

phrase

to communicate or continue to
communicate with someone by
telephoning, or writing to them

Are you still in touch with any of


your old school friends?

10A

inconsiderate

n.knsd.r.t

adjective

not caring about other people's situations


or the way they feel

They can be so inconsiderate.

8C

incorrect

n.krekt

adjective

not correct

It would be incorrect to think that


sharks are always so dangerous.

8C

increase

nkris

verb

()

to get bigger or to make something bigger


in size or amount

A yawn takes in more oxygen and


increases your heart rate by 30%.

9C

incredible

nkred..b()l

adjective

very good, exciting, or large

Its one of the most incredible dishes


youve ever tasted.

2B

incredibly

nkred..bli

adverb

extremely

incredibly difficult

2C

independent

n.dpen.dnt

adjective

not wanting or needing anyone else to help


you or do things for you

She's very independent.

4B

independently

n.dpen.dnt.li

adverb

in a way that is not controlled or ruled by


anyone else

travel independently

3B

infection

nfek.n

noun

a disease in a part of your body that is


caused by bacteria or a virus

I think you've got a chest infection.

9A

informal

nf.ml

adjective

relaxed and friendly

It's quite informal.

8C

insensitive

nsent.s.tv

adjective

not noticing or not caring about other


people's feelings

He's quite insensitive.

8C

install

nstl

verb

to put software onto a computer

install software (onto a computer)

7B

an intelligence test

1A

in spite of something

n spat v
sm.

intelligence

ntel..dns

noun

the ability to learn, understand, and think


about things

interested

n.trs.td

adjective

wanting to give your attention to


something and discover more about it

Im (really/very/quite) interested in

1B

interview

n.t.vju

noun

a meeting in which someone asks you


questions to see if you are suitable for a job
or course

go for a job interview

1C

intuition

n.tju.n

noun

the feeling that you know something


without being able to explain why

trust their intuition

6C

invisible

nvz..b()l

adjective

Someone or something that is invisible


cannot be seen.

become invisible

12C

invite

nvat

verb

to ask someone to come to a social event

Rupert and his wife, Gloria, invited


her to have dinner with their
family.

11C

involve

nvlv

verb

to make someone be part of an activity or


process

involve people in something

6D

irregular

re.j.l

adjective

not smooth or straight, or having parts


that are different sizes

It's quite irregular.

8C

irresponsible

r.spn.s.b()l

adjective

not thinking about the possible bad results


of what you are doing

People shouldnt be irresponsible


and should only swim on beaches
where there are lifeguards.

8C

itch

noun

an uncomfortable feeling on your skin that


makes you want to rub it with your nails

have an itch

9C

itself

tself

pronoun

, ,

the reflexive form of the pronoun 'it'

The dog likes playing by itself.

6B

jacket

dk.t

noun

a short coat

a dark blue jacket

10B

jam

dm

noun

a sweet food made from fruit that you


spread on bread

a jar of jam

8B

jar

noun

()

a jar of jam

8B

jewellery

du.l.ri

noun

lots of jewellery

10B

job

db

noun

get a job

12B

journey

d.ni

noun

when you travel from one place to another

Marcela had a difficult journey


home yesterday.

1B

juice

dus

noun

the liquid that comes from fruit or


vegetables

orange/apple juice

8B

jungle

d.()l

noun

an area of land, usually in tropical


countries, where trees and plants grow
close together

He hadnt been to the Amazon


jungle before.

4B

junk

dk

noun

old things which have little value

The article tells you how to get rid


of junk.

5B

just

dst / dst

adverb

a very short time ago

Ive just been to Banff to pick him


up from the hospital.

3A

just

dst / dst

adverb

a very short time ago

The Prime Minister has just


arrived.

9B

a glass container used for storing food


objects made from gold, silver, and
valuable stones that you wear for
decoration
the regular work that you do in order to
earn money

keen

kin

adjective

()

very interested or enthusiastic

Im not (very) keen on

1B

keep

kip

verb

to have something permanently or for the


whole of a period of time

What are they going to keep?

5B

keep your fingers

kip j f.z

crossed

krst

phrase

to hope that things will happen in the way


that you want them to

Fingers crossed!

6C

ketchup

ket.p

noun

a thick sauce made from tomatoes round,


red fruit that is eaten cold with food

a bottle of ketchup

8B

kettle

ket.()l

noun

a metal or plastic container with a lid, used


for boiling water

I'm looking for a kettle.

5D

kid

kd

noun

a child or young person

You don't have any kids, do you?

1D

kidnap

kd.np

verb

to take someone away using force, usually


to obtain money in exchange for releasing
them

They often went and kidnapped a


woman from another village.

11A

kind

kand

adjective

Kind people do things to help others and


show that they care about them.

Everyones very kind and helpful.

3C

kindness

kand.ns

noun

when someone is kind

Im amazed at the kindness and


patience of the local staff.

3C

know

verb

to have knowledge or information about


something in your mind

Matt was confused and didnt know


what to do.

2B

knowledge

nl.d

noun

information and understanding that you


have in your mind

He will easily find a job with his


knowledge and skills.

3C

knowledgeable

nl.d..b()l

adjective

knowing a lot

She's very knowledgeable.

3C

ladder

ld.

noun

a piece of equipment which is used to


reach high places, consisting of short steps
fixed between two long sides

If you walk under a ladder, you'll


have bad luck.

6C

lamb

lm

noun

meat from a young sheep

barbecued lamb

2B

landline

lnd.lan

noun

a telephone that is not a mobile phone

Do you think I could use your


landline to call my parents?

10D

landslide

lnd.slad

noun

when rocks and soil slide down a


mountain or hill

Tsunamis can also be caused by a


landslide or a volcano erupting.

8A

laptop

lp.tp

noun

a computer that is small enough to be


carried around and used where you are
sitting

Is it OK if I use your laptop to


upload some photos?

10D

last

lst

verb

to continue to happen, exist, or be useful

The strike has lasted three weeks.

9B

last

lst

determiner

the most recent

Where did you go on holiday last


year?

1A

late

let

adjective

after the usual time or the time that was


arranged

The trains are often late.

1B

latest

let.st

adjective

most recent

Latest research suggests that this


approach can do more harm than
good.

6B

laugh

lf

verb

to smile while making sounds with your


voice that show you are happy or think
something is funny

make someone laugh

6A

laugh at someone /

lf t sm.wn /

something

sm.

phrasal
verb

/-

to show that you think someone or


something is stupid

I know all my friends would laugh


at me!

1B

law

noun

an official rule in a country

Are there any recycling laws in


your country?

8B

lay

le

verb

,
()

If an animal lays eggs, it produces them


out of its body.

lay eggs

3C

laziness

le.z.ns

noun

when you do not want to work or use any


effort

Laziness is natural.

3C

lazy

le.zi

adjective

Someone who is lazy does not like working


or using any effort.

They can get quite lazy at times.

3C

leap year

lip j

noun

a year that happens every four years, in


which February has 29 days instead of 28

Back then, the leap year wasnt


recognised by law.

11A

learn

ln

verb

()

to get knowledge or skill in a new subject


or activity

Ive been learning English for five


years.

2B

leather

le.

noun

the skin of animals that is used to make


things such as shoes and bags

They're made of leather.

5D

lemonade

lem.ned

noun

a cold drink with a lemon flavour that is


sweet and has bubbles

a can of lemonade

8B

length

le

noun

the measurement or distance of something


from one end to the other

He swam the length of the Amazon


in 2007.

4B

let someone know

let sm.wn n

phrase

to tell someone something

How do you usually let someone


know youre going to be late?

10A

lettuce

let.s

noun

a plant with green leaves, which is eaten in


salads

serve with lettuce

2B

liar

la.

noun

someone who tells lies

Good liars often make more eye


contact than usual.

9C

lie

la

verb

to say or write something that is not true


in order to deceive someone

How can you tell if people are


lying?

9C

lie-in

lan

noun

when you stay in bed in the morning


longer than usual

have a lie-in

1A

someone at a swimming pool or beach


whose job is to help people who are in
danger in the water

People should only swim on beaches


where there are lifeguards.

8C

lifeguard

laf.d

noun

light

lat

adverb

small in amount

travel light

3B

light

lat

adjective

Light colours are pale.

light blue suit

10B

lightning

lat.n

noun

a sudden flash of light in the sky during a


storm

A man was hit by lightning last


night.

8A

link

lk

noun

a connection between documents or areas


on the Internet

I often share links to interesting


websites.

7C

live

lav

adjective

()

A live performance or recording of a


performance is done with an audience.

see someone play live

4A

lively

lav.li

adjective

full of energy and interest

a lively neighbourhood

5A
8B

loads

ldz

noun

a lot of something

Look, theres loads of paper and


several plastic bottles.

loft

lft

noun

the space under the roof of a house or


other building

It has a loft.

5A

You dont even need a password to


log on.

7B

log on

l n

verb

to connect a computer to a system of


computers by typing your name and often
a password, usually so that you can start
working

loneliness

ln.l.ns

noun

when someone is lonely

The number of calls they receive


about loneliness from teenage boys
has gone up by 500%.

7C

lonely

ln.li

adjective

unhappy because you are not with other


people

Experts are concerned children feel


lonelier than ever before.

7C

long

adjective

continuing for a large amount of time

work long hours

2A

long

adjective

having a large distance from one end to the


other

long hair

10B

long-distance

lds.tns

adjective

travelling or communicating between two


places that are a long way apart

a long-distance swimmer.

4B

look for

lk f

phrasal
verb

to try to find someone or something

Is this what you're looking for?

5D

look after

lk f.t sm.wn

someone/something

/ sm.

phrasal
verb

/ -

to take care of someone or something by


keeping them healthy or in a good
condition

Who looks after your home, pets or


plants when you go away?

3A

look forward to

lk f.wd t

something/doing

sm. / du.
sm.

to feel happy and excited about something


that is going to happen

Are you looking forward to your


next holiday?

3A

something

phrasal
verb

look something up

lk sm. p

phrasal
verb

to look at a book or computer in order to


find information

I looked some figures up.

10C

lose

luz

verb

to have less of something than you had


before

At the end of the retreat Id lost


three kilos.

9A

lose touch

luz tt

phrase

to stop communicating with someone,


usually because they do not live near you
now

lose touch with someone

10A

lost

lst

adjective

not knowing where you are or where you


should go

get lost

12B

win the lottery

6C

lottery

lt.r.i

noun

a way of making money by selling


numbered tickets to people who then have
a chance of winning a prize if their number
is chosen

love

lv

verb

to enjoy something very much or have a


strong interest in something

I really love

1B

loyal

l.l

adjective

always liking and supporting someone or


something, sometimes when other people
do not

She's very loyal.

8C

luck

lk

noun

good and bad things caused by chance and


not by your own actions

bad/good luck

6C

lucky

lk.i

adjective

If an object is lucky, some people believe


that it gives you luck.

Adults give children a red envelope


containing lucky money.

5C

make a mess of

mek mes v

something

sm.

phrase

to damage or spoil something

I made a mess of my exam I only


got 23%.

6A

make friends with

mek frendz w

someone

sm.wn

phrase

to begin to know and like someone

If they turned off their computers,


they might make some new friends.

6A

make someone

mek sm.wn

happy

hp.i

phrase

to cause someone or something to become


happy

Writing my blog makes me happy.

1A

make sure

mek

phrase

to take action so that you are certain that


something happens, is true, etc

Make sure you take plenty of warm


clothes.

8D

make the most of

mek mst v

something

sm.

phrase

to take full advantage of something


because it may not last long

Do you think youve made the most


of the opportunities youve had in
life?

7A

make up your mind

mek p j mand

phrase

to make a decision

As soon as I make up my mind, Ill


let you know.

6A

manage

mn.d

verb

to do something or deal with something


successfully

I managed to do all the tricks


without messing them up.

7A

man-made

mnmed

adjective

not natural, but made by people

man-made climate change

8A

map

mp

noun

a picture that shows where countries,


towns, roads, rivers, etc are

Dont forget to take a map.

8D

marathon

mr..n

noun

a race in which people run for about 26


miles/42 km

a marathon runner

4B

marmalade

m.ml.ed

noun

a sweet, soft food made with oranges or


lemons and often eaten on toast cooked
bread

a jar of marmalade

8B

married

m.rid

adjective

A married man or woman has a wife or


husband.

being married

1A

massage

ms.d

noun

the activity of rubbing or pressing parts of


someone's body in order to make them
relax or to stop their muscles hurting

have a massage

9A

massive

ms.v

adjective

very big

The highlight of this museum is


Imelda Marcoss massive shoe
collection.

4C

match

mt

noun

a sports competition in which two people


or teams compete against each other

It was a great match yesterday,


wasn't it?

1D

matter

mt.

noun

a subject or situation that you need to


think about, discuss, or deal with

What's the matter?

2C

mature

mt

adjective

Mature people behave like adults in a way


which shows they are well developed
emotionally.

She's very mature.

8C

may

me

modal verb

used to ask or give permission

May I use your car?

10D

meal

mil

noun

when you eat, or the food that you eat at


that time

go out for a drink/meal

1A

mean

min

adjective

unkind and unpleasant

She's very mean.

4B

meatball

mit.bl

noun

one of several small balls of meat that are


eaten hot with a sauce

Indian meatballs with fried green


peppers in a spicy coconut sauce

2B

medical

med..kl

adjective

relating to medicine and different ways of


curing illness

a medical team

8C

meet

mit

verb

to be able to achieve something

meet deadlines

2A

meet up

mit p

phrasal
verb

to meet another person in order to do


something together

meet up with friends

1A

meeting

mi.t

noun

an event where people come together for a


reason, usually to discuss something

Eric might go to an animation club


meeting.

1C

melt

melt

verb

If something melts, it changes from a solid


into a liquid because of heat and if you
melt something, you heat it until it
becomes liquid.

memory

mem.r.i

noun

the part of a computer where information


and instructions are stored, or the amount
of information that can be stored there

a memory stick

7B

mess up

mes p

phrasal
verb

to spoil or damage something, or to do


something wrong or badly

I managed to do all the tricks


without messing them up.

7A

message

mes.d

noun

a piece of written or spoken information


which one person gives to another

leave messages

10A

metal

met.l

noun

a usually hard, shiny material such as iron,


gold, or silver which heat and electricity
can travel through

They're made of metal.

5D

mid-

md

prefix

among or in the middle of

in his/her mid-thirties

10B

might

mat

modal verb

used to talk about what is possibly true

He might be in the bathroom.

10B

migraine

ma.ren

noun

a very bad pain in the head, often one that


makes you vomit

A migraine is an extremely painful


headache that can also make you
feel sick.

9A

milk

mlk

noun

a white liquid produced by women and


other female animals, such as cows, for
feeding their babies

a bottle of milk

8B

mind

mand

verb

,
-

to be annoyed or worried by something

I dont mind

1B

miniature

mn..t

adjective

extremely small

The largest miniature railway


museum in the world.

4C

mirror

mr.

noun

a piece of glass with a shiny metallic


material on one side which produces an
image of anything that is in front of it

break a mirror

6C

mistake

mstek

noun

something that you do or think which is


wrong

make a mistake

6A

modest

md.st

adjective

If you are modest, you do not talk in a


proud way about your skills or successes.

He's very modest.

3C

modesty

md.s.ti

noun

when you do not talk in a proud way about


your skills or successes

Modesty is expected in the dorms as


well as in the classrooms.

3C

money

mn.i

noun

the coins or banknotes pieces of paper


with values that are used to buy things

make money

6A

most

mst

adverb

more than anyone or anything else

Who emails you the most?

1A

What will happen if the North and


South Poles melt?

8A

moustache

mst

noun

a line of hair that some men grow above


their mouths

the guy in the dark suit with curly


hair and the moustache

10B

move house

muv haz

phrase

to leave your home in order to live in a


new one.

Are they going to move house?

6A

a piece of electronic equipment or a


computer program for playing music that
has been stored as MP3 files collections of
information

Do you want to buy my MP3


player?

5C

a multinational company

1C

Real smiles use the muscles around


the eyes.

9C

go to museums/art galleries

1A

MP3 player

em.piri ple.

noun

3-

multinational

ml.tin.n.l

adjective

muscle

ms.()l

noun

museum

mjuzi.m

noun

musical

mju.z.kl

noun

a play or film in which singing and dancing


tell part of the story

put on a musical.

6D

must

mst /mst

modal verb

used to show that you think it is a good


idea for someone to do something

You really must go to see Taj


Mahal.

3D

myself

maself

pronoun

the reflexive form of the pronouns 'me' or


'I'

I made my daughters jumper


myself.

6B

nap

np

noun

a short sleep

have a nap

2C

natural

nt.r.l

adjective

Something that is natural exists or


happens because of nature, not because it
was made or done by people.

I love living in such a natural


environment.

3C

noun

something that happens because of nature


and causes a lot of harm or damage

Have there been any stories about


natural disasters in the news
recently?

8A

natural disaster

nt.r.l
dz.st

active in several countries, or involving


people from several countries
one of many pieces of tissue in the body
that are connected to bones and which
produce movement by becoming longer or
shorter
a building where you can look at important
objects connected with art, history, or
science

naturally

nt.r.li

adverb

having been born with a characteristic

Everyones naturally good at


laughing.

1C

nature

ne.t

noun

all the plants, creatures, substances, and


forces that exist in the universe, which are
not made by people

I love being surrounded by nature.

3C

needle

ni.d()l

noun

a thin, pointed metal object with a small


hole at one end for thread, used in sewing

I'm looking for a needle.

5D

neighbour

ne.b

noun

someone who lives very near you,


especially in the next house

He's their neighbour

1D

neighbourhood

ne.b.hd

noun

an area of a town or city that people live in

in a quiet/lively/friendly
neighbourhood

5A

neither

na. / ni

determiner

not either of two people or things

neither of them

1B

nervous

n.vs

adjective

worried and anxious

I always get nervous before I speak


in public.

1C

next

nekst

adjective

The next time, event, person, or thing is


the one nearest to now or the one that
follows the present one.

What are you planning to do next


weekend?

1A

night

nat

noun

the period from the evening to the time


when you go to sleep

have a quiet night in

1A

nightmare

nat.me

noun

a frightening dream

have a nightmare

2C

noise

nz

noun

a sound, often a loud, unpleasant sound

I can hear a noise outside.

3C

noisy

n.zi

adjective

Noisy people or things make a lot of noise.

They can get quite noisy at times.

3C

stir fry some noodles

2B

noodles

nu.d()lz

noun

thin pieces of pasta food made from flour,


eggs, and water

normal

n.ml

adjective

usual, ordinary, and expected

Theyre all just normal people


really.

1B

not at all

nt t l

phrase

used instead of 'no' or 'not' to emphasize


what you are saying

No, not at all.

10D

not have a clue

nt hv klu

phrase

to be completely unable to guess,


understand, or deal with something

I didnt have a clue how to sing


opera.

7A

notice

n.ts

verb

to see something and be aware of it

I noticed my mum and dad in the


audience.

4A

ocean

.n

noun

the sea

Tsunamis are caused by


earthquakes under the ocean.

8A

of course

vks

phrase

Yes, of course.

10D

offer

f.

noun

accept/reject an offer

9B

offer

f.

verb

to say that you are willing to do something

Dom offered to give Kat a lift home.

11C

often

f.n

adverb

many times or regularly

How often do you write it?

1A

OK

ke

exclamation

used to show that you agree with


something or agree to do something

Is it OK if I use your laptop to


upload some photos?

10D

olive oil

l.v l

noun

oil produced from olives, used for cooking


or on salads

a bottle of olive oil

8B

on

preposition

( )

used to show the date or day when


something happens

What time do you get up on


Sundays?

1A

used to say 'yes' and emphasize your


answer
an amount of money that you say you will
pay for something

on a shoestring

n u.str

phrase

If you do something on a shoestring, you


do it using very little money.

They wrote their second guide book,


Southeast Asia on a Shoestring.

3B

on tour

n t

phrase

If a band goes on tour, they travel and


perform in different places.

be/go on tour

4A

online

nlan

adverb

connected to a system of computers,


especially the Internet

chat to friends online

1A

operating theatre

p.re.t .t

noun

a room in a hospital where doctors do


operations

An operating theatre is the place


where you have an operation.

9A

operation

p.re.n

noun

when a doctor cuts someone's body to


remove or repair part of it

They managed to reattach Jesses


arm in an eleven-hour operation.

8C

opportunity

p.tju.n.ti

noun

a situation in which it is possible for you to


do something, or a possibility of doing
something

have the opportunity to do


something

7A

optimistic

p.tms.tk

adjective

always believing that good things will


happen

She's very optimistic.

4B

or else

els

phrase

used to say what will happen if another


thing does not happen

Dont wear new boots or else youll


get blisters.

8D

orchestra

.ks.tr

noun

a large group of musicians who play


different instruments together

I joined the school orchestra.

4A

order

.d

verb

to ask for food, goods, etc

order food

1D

organic

n.k

adjective

not using artificial chemicals when


keeping animals or growing plants for food

organic food

9A

organise

.n.az

verb

to make arrangements for something to


happen

organise conferences

11A

organised

.n.azd

adjective

describes someone who is able to plan


things carefully and keep things tidy

She's very organised.

4B

ourselves

aselvz

pronoun

the reflexive form of the pronoun 'we'

We made the house ourselves.

6B

over

.v

adverb

during a particular period of time

I've seen loads of different shows


over the years.

1B

overcharge

.vtd

verb

to charge someone too much money for


something

The shop overcharged me by 5.

8C

too hopeful, or too ready to believe that


good things will happen in the future

Nobody wants to be overoptimistic, but the medical team are


hopeful that he will have full use of
his arm in the future.

8C

paid too much or more than usual

Footballers are overpaid.

8C

over-optimistic

.vrp.tms.tk

adjective

overpaid

.vped

adjective

oversleep

.vslip

verb

to sleep longer than you had intended

Sorry I'm late, I overslept.

8C

overtime

.v.tam

noun

extra time that you work after your usual


working hours

work overtime

2A

overuse

.vjuz

verb

to use something too often or too much

I tend to overuse certain favourite


expressions.

8C

own

verb

to have something that legally belongs to


you

I own my flat.

2B

oxygen

k.s.dn

noun

a gas that is in the air and that animals


need to live (formula O)

These are areas in the ocean where


there isnt enough oxygen.

8C


( ,
,
, )

a holiday that is arranged for you by a


travel company and for which you pay a
fixed price before you go

go on a package holiday

3B

package holiday

pk.d hl..de

noun

packet

pk.t

noun

a small container that contains several of


the same thing

a packet of crisps

8B

painful

pen.fl

adjective

causing physical pain

Its quite painful.

8C

painkiller

penkl.

noun

a drug which reduces pain

Here's a prescription for some


painkillers.

9D

painless

pen.ls

adjective

causing no physical pain

There is no painless way of learning


a language.

8C

paper

pe.p

noun

thin, flat material used for writing on,


covering things in, etc

They're made of paper.

5D

paracetamol

pr.si.t.ml

noun

a common drug used to reduce pain and


fever

Take a paracetamol.

9D

park

pk

verb

()

There aren't enough places to park.

8B

park

pk

noun

There aren't enough parks.

8B

part-time

pttam

adjective

If you have a part-time job, you


only work part of the week.

11B

password

ps.wd

noun

a secret word that allows you to do


something, such as use your computer

You dont even need a password to


log on.

7B

pasta

ps.t

noun

a food that is made from flour, water, and


sometimes eggs and is made in many
different shapes

Oh, theres a bit of pasta left if


youre hungry

8B

patience

pe.ns

noun

the quality of being able to stay calm and


not get angry, especially when something
takes a long time

Im amazed at the kindness and


patience of the local staff.

3C

to leave a vehicle in a particular place for a


period of time
a large area of grass, often in a town,
where people can walk and enjoy
themselves
working or studying only for part of the
day or the week

patient

pe.nt

adjective

having patience

You have to be very patient.

3C

pay

pe

noun

the money you receive from your employer


for doing your job

accept a pay offer

9B

pay something off

pe sm. f

phrasal
verb

to pay all of the money that you owe

pay off a debt

9B

peanut

pi.nt

noun

an oval-shaped nut with a soft, brown shell

cover the cooked meat with a spicy


peanut sauce

2B

peckish

pek.

adjective

slightly hungry

Are you feeling a bit peckish?

4C

penicillin

pen.sl.n

noun

a type of medicine that kills bacteria and is


used to treat illness

I'm allergic to penicillin.

9D

pepper

pep.

noun

a hollow green, red, or yellow vegetable

a green/red pepper

2B

performance

pf.mnts

noun

acting, singing, dancing, or playing music


to entertain people

give a good performance

7A

perfume

pfjum

noun

a liquid with a pleasant smell that women


put on their skin

I'm looking for a perfume.

5D

perhaps

phps

adverb

possibly

Perhaps some people can take it a


bit too seriously.

4D

permanent

p.m.nnt

adjective

continuing forever or for a long time

You have a permanent job for a


long time.

11B

pessimistic

pes.ms.tk

adjective

She's very pessimistic.

4B

phone

fn

verb

Phoning call centres really drives


me crazy.

1B

pick

pk

verb

to choose something or someone

pick numbers

6C

pk sm. /
sm.wn p

phrasal
verb

,
-

to collect someone who is waiting for you,


or to collect something that you have left
somewhere

Did anyone pick you up from the


airport or station when you got
back?

3A

pick up

pk p

phrasal
verb

to get something

Hes picking it up tomorrow


evening after work.

5C

pie

pa

noun

bake the pie

2B

piece

pis

noun

a piece of music

4A

pile

pal

noun

an amount of a substance in the shape of a


small hill or a number of objects on top of
each other

You should put things in three piles.

5B

pill

pl

noun

a small, hard piece of medicine that you


swallow

Im terrified of becoming addicted


to sleeping pills.

2C

pick
something/someone
up

always believing that bad things will


happen
to communicate with someone by
telephone

a type of food made with meat, vegetables,


or fruit which is covered in pastry and
baked
an example of artistic, musical, or written
work

piata

pnj.t

noun

a container filled with sweets that children


try to break open with a stick at parties

A piata is a container, often in the


shape of a donkey.

5C

place

ples

noun

a position, building, town, area, etc

There aren't enough places to go at


night.

8B

plain

plen

adjective

simple and not complicated

plain tie

10B

plan

pln

verb

to think about and decide what you are


going to do or how you are going to do
something

What are you planning to do next


weekend?

1A

plastic

pls.tk

noun

a light, artificial substance that can be


made into different shapes when it is soft
and is used in a lot of different ways

They're made of plastic.

5D

play

ple

verb

to make music with a musical instrument

do/play a concert/a gig

4A

pleased

plizd

adjective

happy or satisfied

You might be very pleased with the


results.

1C

plenty

plen.ti

quantifier

easily as much or as many as you need

There are plenty of tins of cat food


in the cupboard.

8B

pocket

pk.t

noun

a small bag that is sewn or fixed onto or


into a piece of clothing, a bag, the back of a
seat, etc

They arrived in Sydney with only


27 cents in their pockets.

3B

point something out

pnt sm. at

phrasal
verb

to tell someone a fact

I knew Mark was wrong, but I


didnt want to point it out.

10C

polite

plat

adjective

behaving in a way that is not rude and


shows that you do not only think about
yourself

She's very polite.

8C

pollution

plu.n

noun

damage caused to water, air, etc by


harmful substances or waste

There's too much pollution.

8B

ponytail

p.ni.tel

noun

" "

hair tied at the back of your head so that it


hangs down like a horse's tail

in a ponytail

10B

popular

pp.j.l

adjective

liked by many people

This type of holiday is becoming


more popular.

3C

popularity

pp.jl.r.ti

noun

the quality of being liked by many people

Im not surprised voluntourism is


increasing in popularity.

3C

population

pp.jle.n

noun

Over half the worlds population


live on or near the coast.

8A

positive

pz..tv

adjective

the positive effects of laughter on


our health

1C

possession

pze.n

noun

my most valuable possession

4A

all the people living in a particular area, or


all the people or animals of a particular
type
Something that is positive makes you feel
better about a situation.
a thing that you own

post

pst

verb

to leave a message on a website

I sometimes post comments on


news sites and forums.

7C

postal

p.stl

adjective

relating to the system of sending letters


and parcels

a postal strike

9B

potato

pte.t

noun

a bag of potatoes

8B

practical

prk.t.k()l

adjective

She's very practical.

4B

practise

prk.ts

verb

()

Its also practised in schools and


prisons.

1C

praise

prez

verb

to say that you admire someone or


something, or that they are very good

If you want to help your child,


praise the effort they make.

6B

prefer

prf

verb

to like someone or something more than


another person or thing

I prefer travelling independently.

2B

preference

pref.r.ns

noun

when you like something or someone more


than another person or thing

I have a preference for sweet food


over spicy.

12C

prescription

prskrp.n

noun

a piece of paper saying what medicine


someone needs or the medicine itself

A prescription is a piece of paper


the doctor gives you so that you can
get the medicine you need.

9A

pressure

pre.

noun

difficult situations that make you feel


worried or unhappy

be under (a lot of) pressure at work

2A

prevent

prvent

verb

to stop something happening or to stop


someone doing something

What can we do to help prevent


droughts?

8A

print something out

prnt sm. at

phrasal
verb

to produce a printed copy of a document


that has been written on a computer

Can I print something out?

7B

printer

prn.t

noun

a machine which is connected to a


computer and which produces writing or
images on paper

Will you use that old printer again?

5D

prison

prz.n

noun

a place where criminals are kept as a


punishment

Its also practised in schools and


prisons.

1C

problem

prb.lm

noun

a situation that causes difficulties and that


needs to be dealt with

sort out peoples problems

11A

process

pr.ses

noun

a series of changes that happen naturally

making mistakes is part of the


learning process

6B

produce

prdjus

verb

to make or grow something

produce chemicals

1C

profile

pr.fal

noun

a description of yourself and your interests


on a website

I changed my profile quite recently.

7C

programme

pr.rm

noun

a show on television or radio

reality TV programmes

1B

a round vegetable with a brown, yellow, or


red skin that grows in the ground
Someone who is practical is good at
planning things and dealing with
problems.
to do something regularly according to a
custom, religion, or a set of rules

progress

pr.res

noun

development and improvement of skills,


knowledge, etc

make progress

6A

propose

prpz

verb

to ask someone to marry you

propose to someone

11A

protect

prtekt

verb

to keep someone or something safe from


something dangerous or bad

We protect the turtles from other


animals.

3C

protection

prtek.n

noun

when someone or something is kept safe


from something dangerous or bad

Their tent gave little protection


against the storm.

12C

protective

prtek.tv

adjective

giving protection

He climbs without ropes or


protective equipment.

12C

protest

prtest

verb

to say something forcefully or complain


about something

protest against something

9B

proud

prad

adjective

feeling very pleased about something you


have done, something you own, or
someone you know

They both looked proud.

4A

psychological

sa.kld..k()l

adjective

relating to the human mind and feelings

psychological problems

6B

psychologist

sakl..dst

noun

someone who has studied the human mind


and feelings

a child psychologist

6B

public transport

pb.lk trnspt

noun

a system of vehicles such as buses and


trains which operate at regular times and
that the public use

There isn't enough public transport.

8B

publish

pb.l

verb

to prepare and print a book, newspaper,


magazine, article, etc so that people can
buy it

The company has been publishing


guide books for 40 years.

3B

pushy

p.i

adjective

behaving in an unpleasant way by trying


too much to get something or to make
someone do something

pushy parents

6B

put off

pt f

to decide or arrange to do something at a


later time

I thought she should put the


wedding off for a few months.

10C

put something away

pt sm. we

phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb

to put something in the place where you


usually keep it

Tidy up the room and put


everything away.

5B

put something down

pt sm. dan

phrasal
verb

If you put the phone down, you put the


part of the telephone that you speak into
back to its usual position.

put the phone down

1B

phrasal
verb

/-

to accept unpleasant behaviour or an


unpleasant situation, although you do not
like it

Have you ever had to put up with


noisy people on holiday?

3A

noun

the amount or number of something

A large quantity of water is pushed


to the surface of the ocean, creating
waves.

8A

put up with
someone/something
quantity

pt p w
sm.wn /
sm.
kwn.t.ti

question

kwes.tn

verb

to ask someone questions

He has been questioned by police.

9B

queue

kju

noun

a row of people waiting for something, one


behind the other

waiting in queues

1B

quiet

kwa.t

adjective

without much noise or activity

have a quiet night in

1A

quite

kwat

adverb

a little or a lot but not completely

Im quite interested in

1B

raffle

rf.()l

noun

a competition in which people buy tickets


with numbers on them and win a prize if
any of their numbers are chosen

They want people in the village to


donate prizes for the raffle.

6D

rainfall

ren.fl

noun

the amount of rain that falls in a particular


place at a particular time

A drought is caused by not enough


rainfall.

8A

ranger

ren.d

noun

someone whose job is to look after a forest


or a park

Two park rangers arrived to help


the family.

8C

rash

noun

a group of small, red spots on the skin

I've got a rash.

9D
9C

rate

ret

noun

how often something happens

A yawn takes in more oxygen and


increases your heart rate by 30%.

rather

r.

adverb

slightly or to a degree

Footballers tend to earn rather a lot


of money.

4D

phrase

to know what someone is thinking

read your mind

12C

read someone's mind

rid sm.wns
mand

real

r.l

adjective

true and not pretended

Everybody in the room was


laughing for real.

1C

reality TV

ril..ti tivi

noun

television programmes about ordinary


people who are filmed in real situations

reality TV programmes

1B

really

r.li

adverb

very or very much

I really love

1B

for no reason

1B

reason

ri.zn

noun

the facts about why something happens or


why someone does something

recently

ri.snt.li

adverb

not long ago

I havent been to London recently.

3A

reception

rsep.n

noun

a formal party that is given to celebrate a


special event or to welcome someone

a wedding reception

10C

recharge

ritd

verb

to fill a battery object that provides a


machine with power with electricity so that
it can work again

recharge batteries

8C

reckon

rek.n

verb

to think that something is probably true

I reckon its going to rain


tomorrow.

12A

recognised

rek..nazd

adjective

known because it has been seen, heard or


experienced before

the most recognised song in the


English language

5C

recommend

rek.mend

verb

to say that someone or something is good


or suitable for a particular purpose

Id definitely recommend coming to


Grenada.

3C

to write down information or store it on a


computer so that it can be used in the
future

Eight of the ten hottest years have


been recorded in the last two
decades.

8A

record

rkd

verb

recycle

risa.k()l

verb

to put used paper, glass, plastic, etc


through a process so that it can be used
again

Can you recycle things where you


live?

8B

recycling bin

risa.kl bn

noun

a container for waste that will be recycled,


for example, paper or glass

There arent enough recycling bins.

8B

reduce

rdjus

verb

to make something less

laughter reduces stress

1C

coral reefs

3C

reef

rif

noun

a line of rocks or sand near the surface of


the sea

refuse

rfjuz

verb

to say that you will not do or accept


something

He refused to drive her home until


she promised to go out on a date
with him.

11C

regular

re.j.l

adjective

usual or normal

It's quite regular.

8C

reject

rdekt

verb

to refuse to accept or agree with something

reject an offer

9B

relationship

rle.n.p

noun

a sexual or romantic friendship

How can people talk about their


relationship problems in public?

1B

relative

rel..tv

noun

a member of your family

visit relatives

1A

relax

rlks

verb

to become happy and comfortable because


nothing is worrying you, or to make
someone do this

have time to relax

2A

relaxation

ri.lkse.n

noun

an activity or situation that allows you to


feel happy and comfortable

a relaxation CD

2C

relaxation

ri.lkse.n

noun

an activity or situation that allows you to


feel happy and comfortable

For him, climbing is a form of


relaxation.

12C

relaxed

rlkst

adjective

feeling happy and comfortable because


nothing is worrying you

Adela felt very relaxed after her


holiday in Spain.

1C

relaxing

rlk.s

adjective

making you feel relaxed

A relaxing bath

12C

release

rlis

verb

to make a record or film available for


people to buy or see

release an album

4A

reliable

rla..b()l

adjective

able to be trusted or believed

She's very reliable.

4B

remarry

rim.ri

verb

to get married again

His wife died in 1970 and he never


remarried.

8C

remember

rmem.b

verb

If you remember a fact or something from


the past, you keep it in your mind, or bring
it back into your mind.

I cant remember what theyre


called.

2B

, ,

, ,


, .:

a substance which removes something

stain remover

5D

remover

rmu.v

noun

repay

rpe

verb

to pay back money that you have borrowed

I'll repay you soon.

8C

repellent

rpel.nt

noun

a substance used to repel something

insect repellent

4B

repetitive

rpet..tv

adjective

doing or saying the same thing several


times, especially in a way that is boring

In a repetitive job you do the same


things again and again.

11B

replay

ri.ple

noun

an important part of a sports game or


other event on television that is shown
again immediately after it has happened

show a replay

8C

report

rpt

noun

a description of an event or situation

publish a report

9B

research

rst

noun

when someone studies a subject in detail


in order to discover new information

Latest research suggests that this


approach can do more harm than
good.

6B

residential

rez.den.l

adjective

A residential area has only houses and not


offices or factories.

in a residential area

5A

responsibility

rspn.sbl..ti

noun

something that it is your job or duty to


deal with

have a lot of responsibility

11A

responsible

rspn.s.b()l

adjective

showing good judgment and able to be


trusted

She's very responsible.

4B

result

rzlt

noun

something that happens or exists because


something else has happened

You might be very pleased with the


results.

1C

retire

rta.

verb

to leave your job and stop working, usually


because you are old

When I retire, I think I

6A

retreat

rtrit

noun

a quiet place where you can go to rest or be


alone

go on a retreat

9A

reuse

rijuz

verb

Businesses are finding new ways to


reuse materials.

8C

reveal

rvil

verb

The results revealed that 80% of the


volunteers were now happier.

6C

rewarding

rwd.

adjective

(
)

A rewarding job makes you feel


satisfied when you do it well.

11B

rewrite

rirat

verb

I had to rewrite my essay.

8C

rickshaw

rk.

noun

Its probably best to use rickshaws.

3D

to find a new use for something so that it


does not have to be thrown away
to give someone a piece of information
that is surprising or that was previously
secret
making you feel satisfied that you have
done something well
to write something again in order to
improve it
a small covered passenger vehicle with two
wheels which is usually pulled by one
person

right

rat

adjective

fair or morally acceptable

I dont think thats right, not when


we pay so much for our tickets.

1B

rise

raz

verb

to increase in level

The sea level will rise around the


world.

8A

Roman

r.mn

noun

someone who lived in ancient Rome or its


empire

the Romans

6C

roof

ruf

noun

the surface that covers the top of a


building or vehicle

on the roof

5A

rope

rp

noun

very thick string made from twisted thread

He climbs without ropes or


protective equipment.

12C

round

rand

adverb

to someone's home

have people round for dinner

1A

routine

rutin

noun

the things you regularly do and how and


when you do them

daily routine

1C

They're made of rubber.

5D

rubber

rb.

noun

a strong material that bends easily,


originally produced from the juice of a
tropical tree, and used to make tyres,
boots, etc

rubbish

rb.

adjective

disappointing or of very bad quality

The last film I saw was rubbish.

12A

rubbish

rb.

noun

things that you throw away because you do


not want them

Too much rubbish is just thrown


away.

8B

rucksack

rk.sk

noun

a bag that you carry on your back

Take a rucksack.

8D

rude

rud

adjective

behaving in a way which is not polite and


upsets other people

They're rude.

4D

rule

rul

noun

the usual way something is

a social rule

9C

run

rn

verb

to organize or control something

run a department

11A

I feel a bit run down.

9D

run-down

rndan

adjective

tired and not healthy, especially because of


working too much

runny nose

rn.i nz

phrase

If you have a runny nose, your nose is


producing liquid all the time.

I've got a runny nose today.

9D

sad

sd

adjective

unhappy or making you feel unhappy

You seem a bit sad.

3C
3C

sadness

sd.ns

noun

unhappiness

We could see the sadness in their


faces.

sail

se.l

verb

to control a boat that has no engine and is


pushed by the wind

He teaches people how to sail.

1D

salsa

sl.s

verb

to do a type of dance and music from Latin


America

He knows how to salsa.

7A

salt

slt

noun

a white substance used to add flavour to


food

If you spill salt on the table, you


should throw it over your shoulder.

6C

pleased because you have got what you


wanted, or because something has
happened in the way that you wanted

She was very satisfied with her


students work.

1C

satisfied

st.s.fad

adjective

sauce

ss

noun

a hot or cold liquid that you put on food to


add flavour

extra-hot chilli sauce

2B

say

se

verb

to tell someone about a fact, thought, or


opinion

She said that she was having


another operation on Friday.

11A

scared

sked

adjective

frightened or worried

scared of something

1C

scorpion

sk.pi.n

noun

a small, insect-like creature with a curved,


poisonous tail

He got 12 scorpion stings.

4B

scratch

skrt

verb

when you rub your skin with your nails,


often to stop it itching feeling unpleasant

scratch an itch

9C

script

skrpt

noun

;
(, )

the words in a film, play, etc

Apparently his wife wants her


script back.

11A

sculpture

sklp.t

noun

a piece of art that is made from stone,


wood, clay, etc

concrete sculptures

4C

sea level

si lev.l

noun

the level of the sea's surface, used to


measure the height of an area of land

The sea level will rise around the


world.

8A

seat

sit

noun

the flat part of a chair, bicycle, etc that you


sit on

I didnt get a seat so I had to stand


all the way home.

1B

seaweed

si.wid

noun

a plant that you find on the beach and that


grows in the sea

seaweed soup

5C

see

si

verb

to understand something

Yes, I see what you mean.

2C

see someone off

si sm.wn f

phrasal
verb

to go to the place that someone is leaving


from in order to say goodbye to them

Did anyone see you off the last time


you went on holiday?

3A

seem

sim

verb

to appear to be a particular thing or to


have a particular quality

You seem a bit stressed.

2B

selfish

sel.f

adjective

caring only about yourself and not other


people

They're selfish.

4D

sell-out

sel.at

noun

a performance or event where all of the


tickets have been sold

a sell-out tour

9B

sensible

sen.s.b()l

adjective

showing good judgment

Thats not very sensible behaviour

4B

sensitive

sen.s.tv

adjective

able to understand what people are feeling


and deal with them in a way that does not
upset them

She's very sensitive.

4B

separately

sep.r.t.li

adverb

in a way that is not affecting or related to


each other

travel separately

3B

serious

s.ri.s

adjective

A serious problem or situation is bad and


makes people worry.

the treatment of serious illnesses

1C

verb

to give someone food or drink, especially


guests or customers in a restaurant or bar

Serve with onions.

2B

to start a journey

set off early

3A

set sm. p

phrasal
verb
phrasal
verb

to start a company or organization

The museum was set up by a man


called Hamburger Harry.

4C

several

sev.r.l

determiner

some, but not a lot

Look, theres loads of paper and


several plastic bottles.

8B

shake

ek

verb

to make quick, short movements from side


to side or up and down, or to make
something or someone do this

I started shaking because I was so


nervous.

4A

shame

em

noun

If you describe something as a shame, you


are disappointed that it has happened.

What a shame.

2C

share

verb

to have or use something at the same time


as someone else

They used to share a flat with


Daniels sister.

1D

shark

noun

a large fish with very sharp teeth

a shark attack

8C

shattered

t.d

adjective

very tired

feel really shattered

2C

work shifts

11A

serve

sv

set off

set f

set something up

shift

ft

noun

a period of work in a place such as a


factory or hospital

shine

an

verb

to produce bright light

They also put candles on the cakes


to make them shine like the moon.

5C

a piece of clothing worn on the top part of


the body, often made of thin material like
cotton and fastened with buttons down the
front

a striped shirt

10B

She shivered with cold.

9C

I was shocked by the news of his


death.

1C

shirt

noun

shiver

v.

verb

shocked

kt

adjective

shooting star

ut. st

noun

a rock from outer space which becomes


very hot and burns brightly in the sky at
night as it enters Earth's atmosphere

If you see a shooting star in the sky,


you can make a wish.

6C

shopping

p.

noun

when you buy things from shops

do the shopping

6A

short

adjective

having a small distance from one end to


the other

short hair

10B

shoulder

l.d

noun

where your arm joins your body next to


your neck

If you spill salt on the table, you


should throw it over your shoulder.

6C

to shake because you are cold or


frightened
when you are surprised or upset about
something

shoulder-length

l.dle

adjective

If your hair is shoulder-length, it goes


down as far as your shoulders.

shoulder-length hair

10B

show

noun

a television or radio programme or a


theatre performance

I've seen loads of different shows


over the years.

1B

show

verb

If numbers, results, facts, etc show


something, they prove that it is true.

The results showed that 80% of the


volunteers were now happier.

6C

shredder

red.

noun

a tool or machine that is used for cutting


things into very small pieces

Will you use that old shredder


again?

5D

be sick

bi sk

phrase

If you are sick, food and drink comes up


from your stomach and out of your mouth

The baby was sick all down his


shirt.

9D

lose sight of

luz sat v

someone

sm.wn

phrase

not know where somebody is anymore


because you cannot see them

Whatever you do, dont lose sight of


each other.

8D

signal

s.nl

noun

something which shows that something


else exists or is likely to happen

a signal that danger has passed

9C

similar

sm..l

adjective

Something which is similar to something


else has many things the same, although it
is not exactly the same.

They're very similar.

8C

since

sns

preposition

from a time in the past until a later time or


until now

Scott's been writing books since


2006.

3B

singer

s.

noun

someone who sings

be a big fan of a singer

4A

single

s.()l

noun

a record or CD which includes only one


main song

a new single/album/CD

4A

sit back

st bk

phrasal
verb

to wait for something to happen without


making any effort to do anything yourself

I love just sitting back and


watching the clouds go by.

1B

site

sat

noun

short for website: an area on the Internet


where information about a particular
subject, organization, etc can be found

a travel site

3B

skyscraper

skaskre.p

noun

a very tall building

In 1994 he climbed his first


skyscraper.

12C

sleeping bag

slip. b

noun

a long bag made of thick material that you


sleep inside

Dont forget to take a sleeping bag.

8D

sleeping pill

slip. pl

noun

a medicine that you take to help you sleep

take a sleeping pill

2C

sleepless

sli.pls

adjective

a sleepless night is a night when you are


not able to sleep

sleepless night

8C

smile

smal

verb

to make a happy or friendly expression in


which the corners of your mouth curve up

They often smile a lot.

9C

smuggler

sm.l

noun

a person who takes something into or out


of a place in an illegal or secret way

an international diamond smuggler

11C

sneeze

sniz

verb

When you sneeze, air suddenly comes out


through your nose and mouth.

I can't stop sneezing.

9D

sociable

s..b()l

adjective

Someone who is sociable enjoys being with


people and meeting new people.

And if Im not feeling very sociable I


can always watch a film.

1B

social

s.()l

adjective

relating to society and the way people live

a social rule

9C

noun

using a website to communicate with


friends and to meet other people

social networking site

7C

social networking

s.()l
net.wk.

software

sft.we

noun

programs that you use to make a computer


do different things

install software (onto a computer)

7B

solve

slv

verb

to find the answer to something

When you finally speak to someone


they hardly ever solve your
problem.

1B

some

sm / sm

determiner

,
,

used to refer to part of a larger amount or


number of something and not all of it

Ive found some coffee, but theres


no sugar.

8B

so much

s mt

phrase

a large amount of something, often more


than you want

I dont think thats right, not when


we pay so much for our tickets.

1B

song

noun

words that go with a short piece of music

How many songs has Maxie


written?

1A

sore

adjective

painful, especially when touched

a sore throat

9D

sorry

sr.i

adjective

used to show sympathy or sadness for a


person or situation

Im sorry to hear that.

2C

sort out something

st at sm.

phrasal
verb

to look at a number of things to organize


them or to find something

Sort out the things you havent used


for six months.

5B

soup

sup

noun

a hot, liquid food, made from vegetables,


meat, or fish

a tin of soup

8B

space

spes

noun

an empty area which is available to be used

parking space

5A

spacious

spe.s

adjective

large and with a lot of space

It was a lot more spacious than Id


expected.

5A

spam

spm

noun

emails that you do not want, usually


advertisements

unwanted spam

7B

spare

spe

adjective

If something is spare, it is available to use,


because it is extra and not being used.

spare batteries

8D

speak

spik

verb

to say something using your voice

When you finally speak to someone


they hardly ever solve your
problem.

1B

specialist

spe.l.st

noun

someone who has a lot of experience,


knowledge, or skill in a particular subject

A specialist is a doctor who knows a


lot about one area of medicine.

9A

spend

spend

verb

to use time doing something or being


somewhere

spend a lot of time at work

2A

spend

spend

verb

to use money to buy or pay for something

spend too much money

2B

spice

spas

noun

a substance made from a plant, which is


used to give a special taste to food

barbecued lamb with spices

2B

spill

spl

verb

to pour liquid somewhere without


intending to

If you spill salt on the table, you


should throw it over your shoulder.

6C

spirit

spr.t

noun

something which people believe exists but


does not have a physical body, such as a
ghost

good/evil spirits

6C

split up

splt p

phrasal
verb

If two people split up, they end their


relationship.

I hoped that Olivia and Tony would


never split up.

10C

spoilt

sp.lt

adjective

badly behaved because you are always


given what you want or allowed to do what
you want

They're spoilt.

4D

spot

spt

verb

to see or notice something or someone

spot opportunities

6C

stage

sted

noun

the raised area in a theatre where actors


perform

be/go on stage

4A

stain

sten

noun

a dirty mark on something that is difficult


to remove

stain remover

5D

stairs

stez

noun

a set of steps from one level in a building


to another

on the stairs

5A

stall

stl

noun

a small shop with an open front or a table


from which goods are sold

There will be over 60 stalls at this


years festival.

2B

statue

st.tu

noun

a model that looks like a person or animal,


usually made from stone or metal

Hendrik agreed to deliver three of


his statues to Ruperts warehouse.

11C

status

ste.ts

noun

the position that you have in relation to


other people because of your job or social
position

update your status

7C

steel

stil

noun

a very strong metal made from iron, used


for making knives, machines, etc

They're made of steel..

5D

step

step

noun

one of the things that you do to achieve


something

Vince found it difficult to remember


all the steps.

7A

still

stl

adverb

used to say that something is continuing to


happen now or that someone is continuing
to do something now

The results still havent been


published.

9B

stimulate

stm.j.let

verb

to make someone feel interested and


excited

It stimulates the parts of the brain


that make us happy.

9C

a painful wound that you get when an


insect, plant, etc puts poison into your skin

He got 12 scorpion stings.

4B

to fry small pieces of vegetable, meat, etc


very quickly while mixing them around

Stir-fry some noodles.

2B

the organ inside your body where food


goes after it has been eaten and where it
starts to be digested

a stomach ache

9D

verb

to keep information on a computer

Do you store all your photos on


your hard drive?

7B

stm

noun

very bad weather with a lot of rain, snow,


wind, etc

There was a terrible storm last


night.

8A

stove

stv

noun

a piece of equipment that you cook on

camping stove

8D

straight

stret

adjective

not curved or bent

straight hair

10B

strength

stre

noun

when you are brave or determined in


difficult situations

This gave him his super strength.

8C

strengthen

stre.n

verb

()

to become stronger or make something


become stronger

strengthen your immune system

1C

stress

stres

noun

feelings of worry caused by difficult


situations such as problems at work

Tears contain large amounts of


different chemicals that are related
to stress.

9C

stressed

strest

adjective

worried and not able to relax

I felt quite stressed last week


because I had to go for a job
interview.

1C

stressful

stres.fl

adjective

making you stressed

If you have a stressful job, you


worry about it a lot.

11B

stretch

stret

verb

Stretch your arms above your head.

9C

strike

strak

noun

go on strike

9B

strike

strak

verb

disaster struck

8C

striped

strapt

adjective

a striped tie

10B

stubborn

stb.n

adjective

She's very stubborn.

4B

sting

st

noun

stir-fry

stfra

verb

stomach

stm.k

noun

store

st

storm

(
)

,

to make your body or part of your body


straighter and longer
a period of time when people are not
working because they want more money,
etc
If something bad strikes something or
someone, it affects them strongly and
quickly.
with a pattern of stripes
determined not to change your ideas,
plans, etc, although other people want you
to

study

std.i

noun

a room in a house where you can read,


write, etc

a study

5A

stuff

stf

noun

used to refer to a substance or a group of


things or ideas, etc without saying exactly
what they are

Is your home full of stuff that you


never use?

5B

suburb

sb.b

noun

an area where people live outside the


centre of a city

in the suburbs

5A

success

skses

noun

when you achieve what you want to


achieve

Its also important how parents


deal with success and failure.

6B

successful

skses.fl

adjective

achieving what you want to achieve

You want them to be happy and


successful.

8C

sugar

noun

a very sweet substance used to give flavour


to food and drinks

Ive found some coffee, but theres


no sugar.

8B

suggest

sdest

verb

to make something seem likely to be true

Latest research suggests that this


approach can do more harm than
good.

6B

suit

sut

noun

a jacket and trousers or a jacket and skirt


that are made from the same material

light blue suit

10B

suncream

sn.krim

noun

a substance which you put on your skin to


prevent it from being burnt by the sun

Its worth taking some suncream.

8D

super

su.p

prefix

extremely or more than usual

super strength/speed

12C

superstition

su.pst.n

noun

when someone believes that particular


actions or objects are lucky or unlucky

Do you believe in any superstitions?

6C

superstitious

su.pst.s

adjective

believing that particular objects or events


are lucky or unlucky

Are you very superstitious?

6C

support

spt

verb

to like a particular sports team and want


them to win

support Manchester United

1D

support

spt

noun

help or encouragement

online support groups

2C

sure

adjective

()

certain

They feel sure theyre going to be


lucky.

6C

surface

s.fs

noun

the top or outside part of something

A large quantity of water is pushed


to the surface of the ocean, creating
waves.

8A

surgeon

s.dn

noun

a doctor who does medical operations

A surgeon is a doctor who does


operations.

9A

surgery

s.d.ri

noun

a place where doctors or other medical


workers treat people

A surgery is a building where you


can go and ask a GP for medical
advice.

9A

I was surprised by how calm and


relaxed I felt.

1C

A new survey has been published.

9B

I'd been running and I was


sweating.

9C

a small piece of sweet food, often made of


sugar or chocolate

a bag of sweets

8B

to get and carry something with you when


you go somewhere

take them out of the room

5B

phrase

to be involved in an activity with other


people

take part in something

7A

phrase

to believe that someone or something is


important and that you should pay
attention to them

Perhaps some people can take it a


bit too seriously.

4D

tek tnz

phrase

If two or more people take turns, one


person does something, then another
person does something, etc.

We take turns to prepare meals for


the group.

3C

talented

t.ln.td

adjective

showing natural ability in a particular area

Gregory is very talented.

4B

talk

tk

verb

to say things to someone

Why dont you talk to her about it?

2B

target

t.t

noun

something that you intend to achieve

meet a target

9B

taste

test

verb

to put food or drink in your mouth to find


out what its flavour is like

Its one of the most incredible dishes


youve ever tasted.

2B

taste

test

noun

the ability to judge what is attractive or


suitable, especially in things related to art,
style, beauty, etc

Her taste in music is almost the


same as mine.

5A

taxi

tk.si

noun

a car with a driver who you pay to take you


somewhere

get a taxi

3B

tear

te

noun

a drop of water that comes from your eye


when you cry

Tears contain large amounts of


different chemicals that are related
to stress.

9C

teens

tinz

noun

the part of your life between the age of 13


and 19

in his/her teens

10B

tell

tel

verb

to say something to someone, usually


giving them information

I told her they were going to start


filming soon.

11A

temperature

tem.pr.t

noun

how hot or cold something is

I'm just going to take your


temperature.

9D

surprised

sprazd

adjective

survey

sve

noun

sweat

swet

verb

sweet

swit

noun

take

tek

verb

take part

tek pt

take something

tek sm.

seriously

s.ri.sli

take turns

feeling surprise because something has


happened that you did not expect
an examination of people's opinions or
behaviour made by asking people
questions
to produce liquid through your skin
because you are hot or nervous

temporary
tend to do something

tem.p.r.ri
tend t du
sm.

adjective

existing or happening for only a short or


limited time

You have a temporary job for just a


short time.

11B

phrase

,

-

to often do a particular thing or be likely to


do a particular thing

Footballers tend to earn rather a lot


of money.

4D

tent

tent

noun

a structure made of metal poles and cloth


which is fixed to the ground with ropes
and used as a cover or to sleep under

If I were you, Id buy a new tent.

8D

terraced house

ter.st haz

noun

one of a row of houses that are joined


together

a terraced house

5A

terrible

ter..b()l

adjective

very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant

I think is/are
awful/terrible/dreadful.

1B

terrified

ter..fad

adjective

very frightened

Im terrified of becoming addicted


to sleeping pills.

2C

sound good

sand d

phrase

to seem good from what is said or written

That sounds good.

3D

themselves

mselvz

pronoun

the reflexive form of the pronoun 'they'

Its important that they are allowed


to enjoy themselves.

6B

think

verb

to consider an idea or a problem

Do you think I could use your


landline to call my parents?

10D

thirties

.tiz

phrase

,
30 39

to be aged between 30 and 39

in his/her mid-thirties

10B

throat

rt

noun

the back part of your mouth and the


passages inside your neck

a sore throat

9D

throw out

r at

phrasal
verb

to get rid of something that you do not


want any more

When you buy something new,


always throw something else out.

5B

throw something

r sm.

away

we

phrasal
verb

to get rid of something that you do not


want any more

things to throw away

5B

throw up

r p

phrasal
verb

to vomit

I can't stop throwing up.

9D

thunder

n.d

noun

the loud noise in the sky that you hear


during a storm

Last night I was woken up by the


thunder.

8A

tidy

ta.di

verb

to make a place tidy

tidy up the house/the flat

1A

tidy up

ta.di p

phrasal
verb

to make a place tidy

Tidy up the room and put


everything away.

5B

tie

ta

noun

a long, thin piece of cloth that a man wears


around his neck with a shirt

plain tie

10B

tin

tn

noun

()

a metal container in which food is sold

a tin of cat food

8B

tin

tn

noun

a soft, silver metal that is often combined


with other metals or used to cover them
(symbol Sn)

They're made of tin.

5D

tiny

ta.ni

adjective

extremely small

absolutely tiny

2C

tip

tp

noun

a piece of useful advice

Have you got any other tips?

3D

tissue

t.u

noun

a soft piece of paper that you use for


cleaning your nose

a box of tissues

8B

to come across

t km krs

something

sm.

phrasal
verb

to meet someone or discover something by


chance

I came across a newspaper report.

10C

to give someone the

t v sm.wn

kiss of life

ks v laf

verb

to help to keep someone who has stopped


breathing alive by blowing into their
mouth

His aunt gave him the kiss of life.

8C

together

te.

adverb

with each other

travel together

3B

top

tp

adjective

at the highest part of something

on the top floor

5A

tornado

tne.d

noun

an extremely strong and dangerous wind


that blows in a circle and destroys
buildings as it moves along

There are often tornados in the


Caribbean in the summer.

8A

tortilla

tti.

noun

a type of thin round Mexican bread

a freshly-made flour tortilla

2B

tour

noun

a visit to and around a place, area, or


country

go on a guided tour

3B

toxin

tk.sn

noun

a poisonous substance

The food that we usually eat


contains toxins.

9A

track

trk

noun

one song or piece of music on a CD,


record, etc

download a track onto my phone

4A

track

trk

noun

the long metal lines which a train travels


along

The railway museum has 13,000


metres of track.

4C

tradition

trd.n

noun

a custom or way of behaving that has


continued for a long time in a group of
people or a society

That tradition was started by the


Ancient Egyptians.

3C

traditional

trd.n.l

adjective

following the customs or ways of behaving


that have continued in a group of people or
society for a long time

It's very traditional.

3C

traffic

trf.k

noun

the cars, trucks, etc using a road

There's too much traffic.

8B

a line of cars, trucks, etc that are moving


slowly or not moving at all

no traffic jams

1B

traffic jam

trf.k dm

noun

something which you do to try to cure an


illness or injury, especially something
suggested or done by a doctor

the treatment of serious illnesses

1C

treatment

trit.mnt

noun

trial

tra.l

noun

a legal process to decide if someone is


guilty of a crime

a trial at the Old Bailey

4C

trick

trk

noun

something that is done to entertain people


and that seems to be magic

do card tricks

7A

trip

trp

noun

a journey in which you visit a place for a


short time and come back again

go on a trip

3B

trouble

trb.()l

noun

when you use extra time or energy to do


something

have trouble sleeping

2C

Tsunamis are caused by


earthquakes under the ocean.

8A

tsunami

tsun.mi

noun

an extremely large wave from the sea


which causes a lot of damage to buildings,
etc. on land and is often caused by an
earthquake sudden movement of the
Earth's surface under the sea

tuna

tju.n

noun

a large sea fish, or the meat from this fish

a tin of tuna

8B

turtle

t.t()l

noun

an animal with four legs and a hard shell


that lives mainly in water

We protect the turtles from other


animals.

3C

tweet

twit

verb

to leave a message on Twitter

Im on Twitter and I tweet quite


often.

7C

twenties

twen.tiz

phrase

,
20 29

to be aged between 20 and 29

in his/her twenties

10B

follow somebody on Twitter

7C

Twitter

tw.t

noun

a type of service available on the Internet


that allows you to leave short written
messages to people who want to receive
them

umbrella

mbre.l

noun

a thing that you hold above your head to


keep yourself dry when it is raining

Ill take an umbrella in case it rains.

6C

unambitious

n.mb.s

adjective

not having a strong wish to be successful,


powerful or rich

He's quite unambitious.

8C

unbelievable

n.bli.v.b()l

adjective

not probable and difficult to believe

It was unbelievable.

8C

uncommon

nkm.n

adjective

unusual

Shark attacks are very uncommon.

8C

unconscious

nkn.s

adjective

in a state as though you are sleeping, for


example because you have been hit on the
head

By the time he was pulled out of the


water, he was unconscious.

8C

undercharge

n.dtd

verb

to charge someone less than the correct


price for something

They undercharged me in the


restaurant.

8C

undercover

n.dkv.

adjective

working secretly in order to get


information for the police or government

undercover cop

11C

underestimate

n.dres.t.met

verb

to not understand how large, strong, or


important something is

Never underestimate a mans


strength when a family members
life is in danger.

8C

underpaid

n.dped

adjective

not earning enough for your work

Footballers are underpaid.

8C

understand

n.dstnd

verb

to know how someone feels or why they


behave in a particular way

I dont understand why men take


football so seriously.

2B

underuse

n.djuz

verb

to not use something as much as it could


or should be

We underuse our car.

8C

unfurnished

nf.nt

adjective

not containing furniture

It's unfurnished.

5A

unhealthy

nhel.i

adjective

likely to damage your health

They're unhealthy.

4D

unhelpful

nhelp.fl

adjective

not wanting to help someone, in a way that


seems unfriendly

He's very unhelpful.

8C

universal

ju.nv.sl

adjective

relating to everyone in the world, or to


everyone in a particular group

universal language

1C

unless

nles

conjunction

except if

Ill be at the next class unless

6A

unreliable

n.rla..b()l

adjective

not able to be trusted or depended on

He's very unreliable.

8C

unselfish

nsel.f

adjective

Someone who is unselfish thinks about


what is good for other people, not just
about their own advantage.

He's very unselfish.

8C

happening during the days of the week or


hours of the day when most people do not
have to work

work unsocial hours

11A

unsocial

ns.l

adjective

(
)

until

ntl

conjunction

continuing to happen before a particular


time or event and then stopping

You wont make any money until


you do a business course.

6A

unusual

nju.l

adjective

different and not ordinary, often in a way


that is interesting or exciting

This type of attack was very


unusual.

8C

up

adverb

towards or in a higher place

She's got her hair up.

10B

update

pdet

verb

to add new information

update your status

7C

upload

pld

verb

to copy computer programs or information


electronically, usually from a small
computer to a larger one or to the Internet

I sometimes upload videos to


websites like YouTube.

7C

upset

pset

adjective

unhappy or worried because something


unpleasant has happened

upset about something at work

1C

when you use something, or when


something is being used

full use of his arm

8C

verb

If something used to happen or a situation


used to exist, it happened regularly or
existed in the past but it does not happen
or exist now.

I used to go to a lot of gigs.

4A

jus.fl

adjective

helping you to do or achieve something

Thanks, thats really useful.

8C

useless

ju.sls

adjective

having no skill in an activity

I was useless at learning languages


at school.

7A

valuable

vl.j.b()l

adjective

my most valuable possession

4A

vegetarian

ved.te.ri.n

adjective

a vegetarian pizza

1C

vein

ven

noun

one of the tubes in your body that carries


blood to your heart

Ancient Egyptians believed the vein


of that finger was the vein of love.

11A

virus

va.rs

noun

a program that is secretly put onto a


computer in order to destroy the
information that is stored on it

My computer got a virus.

7B

virus

va.rs

noun

an infectious organism too small to be


seen that causes disease, or an illness that
it causes

I think youve got a virus.

9D

visit

vz.t

verb

to go to someone's home and spend time


with them

Who visits them most weekends?

1A

visit

vz.t

noun

when you visit a place or a person

a hospital visit

1B

Tsunamis can also be caused by a


landslide or a volcano erupting.

8A

use

juz

used to do/be

just t du/ bi

something

sm.

useful

noun

Valuable objects could be sold for a lot of


money.
not eating, containing, or using meat or
fish

volcano

vlke.n

noun

a mountain with a large circular hole at the


top through which lava (= hot liquid rock)
gases, steam and dust are or have been
forced out

volunteer

vl.nt

noun

someone who does work without being


paid, especially work that involves helping
people

There are nine volunteers in our


group.

3C

wait

wet

verb

to stay in a place until someone or


something arrives or someone or
something is ready for you

I hate waiting in queues.

1B

wake up

wek p

verb

to stop sleeping or to make someone else


stop sleeping

I woke up at six thirty this morning.

2C

walking

wk.

noun

when you go on a journey on foot, often for


enjoyment

walking boots

8D

wander

wn.d

verb

to walk slowly about a place without any


purpose

wander around an art gallery

4C

ward

wd

noun

a room in a hospital where people


receiving treatment stay, often for the
same type of illness

A ward is a big room with beds in a


hospital.

9A

warehouse

we.has

noun

a large building for storing goods that are


going to be sold

Hendrik agreed to deliver three of


his statues to Ruperts warehouse.

11C

washing

w.

noun

clothes, sheets, and similar things that are


being washed or have been washed, or
when you wash these

do the washing

6A

washing-up

w.p

noun

when you wash the dishes, pans, and other


things you have used for cooking and
eating a meal

I hate doing the washing-up.

1B

wasp

wsp

noun

a flying insect with a thin, black and yellow


body

He got 600 wasp stings.

4B

watch

wt

verb

to look at something for a period of time

Are you watching any good TV


series in at the moment?

2B

watch out

wt at

phrasal
verb

used to tell someone to be careful because


they are in danger

Watch out for wolves.

8D

waterproof

w.t.pruf

adjective

Waterproof material or clothing does not


let water through.

waterproof clothing

8D

wave

wev

verb

to raise your hand and move it from side to


side in order to attract someone's attention
or to say goodbye

Wave goodbye to Grandma.

9C

wave

wev

noun

a line of higher water that moves across


the surface of the sea or a lake

A large quantity of water is pushed


to the surface of the ocean, creating
waves.

8A

wavy

we.vi

adjective

with slight curves

wavy hair

10B

wedding

wed.

noun

an official ceremony at which a man and


woman get married

I like going to weddings.

1B

weekend

wikend

noun

Saturday and Sunday, the two days in the


week when many people do not work

What are you planning to do next


weekend?

1A

well-known

welnn

adjective

famous

well-known artists

4C

well-paid

welped

adjective

earning a lot of money

In a well-paid job you earn a lot of


money.

11B

whatever

wtev.

adverb

anything or everything

Whatever you do, dont lose sight of


each other.

8D

wheezy

wizi

adjective

making a high, rough noise while


breathing because of some breathing

I feel a bit wheezy.

9D

difficulty
whereabouts

we.rbats

adverb

used to ask in what place or area someone


or something is

Whereabouts do you live?

1A

whether

we.

conjunction

if

Do you know whether weve booked


them a hotel room?

7D

wide awake

wad.wek

phrase

completely awake

I was wide awake at 3 a.m. last


night.

2C

If we didnt have WiFi, this place


would be empty.

7C

WiFi

wa.fa

noun

WiFi

a system for connecting electronic


equipment such as computers and
electronic organizers to the Internet
without using wires

wish

noun

something that you say secretly to yourself


about what you want to have or happen

Parents tell their children to make a


wish before they blow out the
candles.

5C

wonderful

wn.d.fl

adjective

very good

I think is/are
great/brilliant/wonderful.

1B

wood

wd

noun

the hard material that trees are made of

They're made of wood.

5D

wool

wl

noun

thick thread or material that is made from


the hair of a sheep

They're made of wool.

5D

work

wk

noun

the activities that you have to do at school,


for your job, etc

take work home

2A

work

wk

verb

If something works, it is effective and


successful.

Amazingly, it works.

1C

workaholic

w.khl.k

noun

someone who works too much and does


not have time to do anything else

be a workaholic

2A

worldwide

wldwad

adverb

in all parts of the world

There are now more than 6,000


Laughter Clubs in over 65 countries
worldwide.

1C

worried

w.rid

adjective

anxious because you are thinking about


problems or unpleasant things that might
happen

I was worried about looking stupid.

1C

worth

adjective

(-),

how important or useful someone or


something is

What else is worth visiting?

3D

would

wd

modal verb

used to give an opinion in a polite way

Id take her out for a really nice


meal.

2C

X-ray

eks.re

verb

to take a photograph that shows the inside


of something

X-ray vision

12C

yawn

jn

verb

to take a deep breath with your mouth


wide open, because you are tired or bored

If people yawn when youre talking


to them, dont get too upset.

9C

yawn

jn

noun

when you take a deep breath with your


mouth wide open, because you are tired or
bored

A yawn takes in more oxygen and


increases your heart rate by 30%.

9C

year

noun

a period of 12 months, or 365 or 366 days,


especially from 1 January to 31 December

I've seen loads of different shows


over the years.

1B

yesterday

jes.t.de

determiner

()

the day before today

What did you do yesterday


evening?

1A

yet

jet

adverb

now or as early as this time

Has the match finished yet?

9B

yoga

j.

noun

a set of exercises for the mind and body,


based on the Hindu religion

do yoga

1A

yourself

jself

pronoun

the reflexive form of the pronoun 'you'

Do you enjoy living by yourself?

6B

zone

zn

noun

an area where a particular thing happens

a dead zone

8C

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