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Analysis of Composite Materials

with Abaqus

Day 1
Lecture 1

Introduction

Lecture 2

Macroscopic Modeling

Lecture 3

Mixed Modeling

Workshop 1

The Pagano Plate Problem

Lecture 4

Composite Modeling with Abaqus

Workshop 2a

Buckling of a Laminate Panel

Workshop 2b

Composite Wing Section

Workshop 3

Composite Yacht Hull (Optional)

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Day 2
Lecture 5

Reinforcement Modeling

Lecture 6

Modeling of Sandwich Composites

Workshop 4

Bending of a Sandwich Beam

Lecture 7

Modeling of Stiffened Panels

Workshop 5

Bending of a reinforced flat panel under uniform


pressure

Lecture 8

Modeling Damage and Failure in Composites

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Day 3
Lecture 9

Cohesive Behavior

Workshop 6

Analysis of a DCB using Cohesive Behavior

Lecture 10

Virtual Crack Closure Technique (VCCT)

Workshop 7

Analysis of a DCB using VCCT (Abaqus/Standard)

Workshop 8

Analysis of a DCB using VCCT (Abaqus/Explicit)

Lecture 11

Low-cycle Fatigue

Workshop 9

Fatigue Crack Growth in a DCB Specimen

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Additional Material
Appendix 1

Crack Propagation Analysis using the Debond


Capability

Appendix 2

Cohesive Element Modeling Techniques

Appendix 3

Modeling Issues for Continuum Shell Elements

Appendix 4

Alternative Modeling Techniques for


Composites

Appendix 5

Modeling Composite Material Impact with


Abaqus/Explicit

Workshop 10

Perforation of a Composite Plate

Appendix 6

Material Orientation Examples

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Legal Notices
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Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Revision Status
Lecture 1

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 1

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 2

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 2a

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 3

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 2b

5/10

New for 6.10

Lecture 4

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 3

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 5

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 4

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 6

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 5

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 7

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 6

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 8

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 7

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 9

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 8

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 10

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 9

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Lecture 11

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Workshop 10

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Appendix 1

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Appendix 2

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Appendix 3

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Appendix 4

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Appendix 5

5/10

Updated for 6.10

Appendix 6

5/10

New for 6.10

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Introduction
Lecture 1

L1.2

Overview
Description of a Composite
Some Typical Composites
Finite Element Modeling of Composites
Ceramic Matrix Composites
for Turbomachinery

Unidirectional Laminates for Aerospace Applications

Woven Fabrics for Formula 1 Racing

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Macroscopic Modeling
Lecture 2

L2.2

Overview
Introduction
Anisotropic Elasticity
Viscoelasticity
Thermal Expansion
Material Orientation

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Mixed Modeling
Lecture 3

L3.2

Overview
Introduction
Laminated Composite Shells
Continuum Shell Elements
Continuum Shell Meshing
Continuum Solid Elements
Symmetry Conditions and Laminated Structures

Workshop 1

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Composite Modeling with Abaqus


Lecture 4

L4.2

Overview
Introduction
Understanding Composite Layups
Understanding Composite Layup Orientations
Defining Composite Layup Output
Viewing a Composite Layup
Abaqus/CAE Demonstration: Three-ply composite

Composites Modeler for Abaqus/CAE


Workshop 2a
Workshop 2b
Workshop 3 (Optional)

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Reinforcement Modeling
Lecture 5

L5.2

Overview
Introduction
Rebar Layers
Embedded Elements

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Analysis of Sandwich Composites


Lecture 6

L6.2

Overview
Introduction to Sandwich Composites
Abaqus Usage
Modeling Skins with Abaqus/CAE
Abaqus Examples
Comparison to NAFEMS solution
Comparison of Conventional and Continuum Shells

Stacking Elements Through the Thickness


Tapered Sandwich Composite
Workshop 4

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Analysis of Stiffened Composite Panels


Lecture 7

L7.2

Overview
Stiffened Composite Panels
Abaqus Usage
Abaqus Example
Workshop 5

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Modeling Damage and Failure in Composites


Lecture 8

L8.2

Overview
Failure Criteria in Laminates
Failure Theories
Progressive Damage of Fiber-Reinforced Composites
Example
Import of Composite Damage Model

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Cohesive Behavior
Lecture 9

L9.2

Overview
Introduction
Cohesive Element Technology
Constitutive Response in Cohesive Elements
Viscous Regularization for Cohesive Elements
Cohesive Element Examples
Workshop 6 (Part 1)

Surface-based Cohesive Behavior


Element- vs. Surface-based Cohesive Behavior
Workshop 6 (Part 2)

Note: Appendix 2 contains an in-depth discussion of modeling techniques


for cohesive elements using both the interactive and keywords interfaces.

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Virtual Crack Closure Technique (VCCT)


Lecture 10

L10.2

Overview
Introduction
VCCT Criterion
Example using Abaqus/Standard
Example using Abaqus/Explicit
Output
VCCT Plug-in

Comparison with Cohesive Behavior


Examples
Workshop 7
Workshop 8

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Low-cycle Fatigue Criterion


Lecture 11

L11.2

Overview
Introduction
Direct Cyclic Low-cycle Fatigue Analysis
Low-cycle Fatigue Criterion
Workshop 9

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Crack Propagation Analysis using the


Debond Capability
Appendix 1

A1.2

Overview
Introduction
Modeling Interface Behavior

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Cohesive Element Modeling Techniques


Appendix 2

A2.2

Overview
Viscous Regularization
Modeling Techniques

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Modeling Issues for Continuum Shell


Elements
Appendix 3

A3.2

Overview
Modeling Issues for Continuum Shell Elements
Defining the thickness direction for continuum shell elements
Shell thickness
Change in thickness and thickness modulus

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Alternative Modeling Techniques for Composites


Appendix 4

A4.2

Overview
Introduction
Laminated Shell Section Definition
Laminated Solid Section Definition
Section Point Based Postprocessing Technique

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Modeling Composite Material Impact


with Abaqus/Explicit
Appendix 5

A5.2

Overview
Introduction
Composite Damage Models in Abaqus/Explicit
Unidirectional Fiber
Example Composite Plate Impact
Woven Fabric
Example Corrugated Beam Crushing

Modeling Techniques
Workshop 10

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus

Material Orientation Examples


Appendix 6

A6.2

Material Orientation Examples


Example 3: Shell elements
Example 4: Layered shell elements
Example 5: Solid elements
Example 6: Layered solid elements

Analysis of Composite Materials with Abaqus