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-

G.691

(03/2006)

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STM-64

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G.100G.199
G.200G.299
G.300G.399
G.400G.449
G.450G.499
G.600G.699
G.600G.609
G.610G.619
G.620G.629
G.630G.649
G.650G.659
G.660G.699
G.700G.799
G.800G.899
G.900G.999
G.1000G.1999
G.6000G.6999
G.7000G.7999
G.8000G.8999
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- G.691
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ITU 2007
. -
.

ii

. - G.691 (03/2006)


.
1

.................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................

........................................................................................................

3.1

.................................................................................................................

3.2

, ...................................................

............................................................................................................................

............................................................................

5.1

..................................................................................................................

5.2

....................................................................

.......................................................................................................

6.1

......................................................

6.2

....................................................................................................................

6.3

...........................................................................................................

10

6.4

......................................................................................................................

13

.........................................................................................

14

- .................................................................................................

20

8.1

..........................................................................

20

8.2

...............................................................................................................

21

8.3

................................................................................................

21

8.4

................................................................................................

24

8.5

.......................................................................................

24

8.6

.........................................................................

25

A -...............

25

A.1 .................................................................................................

25

A.2 .................................................................

26

A.3 -.............................................................................

26

A.4 ......................................................................................

27

I ................................................................................

27

I.1

(PMD)...................

27

I.2

- PMD..........................................................................

29

II ..........................................

30

II.1 ................................................................................................................

30

II.2 .

30

II.3 ...................................................................................................................

31

II.4 ..................................................

31

II.5 ...............................................................................................................

31

II.6 -.................................................................................................

31

. - G.691 (03/2006)

iii

.
II.7 ......................................................................................................................

31

III DST .........................................................

32

III.1 ........................................................................................................................

32

III.2 DST ................................................................................................

32

III.3 - ....

33

III.4 .............................................................................................

34

III.5 ...............................................................................

37

IV
..........................................................................................................

38

IV.1 ............................................................................................

38

IV.2 ............................................

39

IV.3 ....................................................................................................................

39

IV.4 ..................................................................................................

40

IV.5 ........................................................................................................

40

IV.6 .......................................................

41

V .................................................................................

42

iv

. - G.691 (03/2006)

- G.691
STM-64

1

,
( )
STM-4, STM-16 STM-64,
/ . ,
,
STM-64,
.
.

.
2

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.
[1]

ITU-T Recommendation G.652 (2005), Characteristics of a single-mode optical fibre and cable.

[2]

ITU-T Recommendation G.653 (2003), Characteristics of a dispersion-shifted single-mode optical


fibre and cable.

[3]

ITU-T Recommendation G.655 (2006), Characteristics of a non-zero dispersion-shifted single-mode


optical fibre and cable.

[4]

ITU-T Recommendation G.662 (2005), Generic characteristics of optical amplifier devices and
subsystems.

[5]

ITU-T Recommendation G.663 (2000), Application related aspects of optical amplifier devices and
subsystems.

[6]

ITU-T Recommendation G.664 (2006), Optical safety procedures and requirements for optical
transport systems.

[7]

ITU-T Recommendation G.671 (2005), Transmission characteristics of optical components and


subsystems.

[8]

ITU-T Recommendation G.693 (2005), Optical interfaces for intra-office systems.

[9]

ITU-T Recommendation G.707/Y.1322 (2003), Network node interface for the synchronous digital
hierarchy (SDH).

. - G.691 (03/2006)

[10]

ITU-T Recommendation G.955 (1996), Digital line systems based on the 1544 kbit/s and the
2048 kbit/s hierarchy on optical fibre cables.

[11]

ITU-T Recommendation G.957 (2006), Optical interfaces for equipments and systems relating to the
synchronous digital hierarchy.

[12]

ITU-T Recommendation G.959.1 (2006), Optical transport network physical layer interfaces.

3.1

:
3.1.1
() : S
R .
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. - G.691 (03/2006)

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. - G.691 (03/2006)

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. - G.691 (03/2006)

STM-4

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STM-64 (b)
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x1/x4
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+ 0,25/ + 0,75,
0,25 < < +0,25

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10

. - G.691 (03/2006)

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. - G.691 (03/2006)

11

6.3.3

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12

. - G.691 (03/2006)

6.4

6.4.1


MPI-R = 1 1012.
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. - G.691 (03/2006)

13

6.4.4


, MPI-R.
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FEC, . - G.707/Y.1322.

14

. - G.691 (03/2006)

3/G.691 , STM-4

( 1)

V-4.1

V-4.2

V-4.3

U-4.2

U-4.3

(. 1)

(. 2)

(. 2)

(. 3)

(. 3)

1 290
1 330

1 530
1 565

1 530
1 565

1 530
1 565

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1 565

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0

4
0

4
0

15
12

15
12

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

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NA

NA

NA

NA

/
10

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

10

10

10

10

10

33
22

33
22

33
22

44
33

44
33

/
/

200
NA
480
24

2 400
NA
480
24

400
NA
480
24

3 200
NA
480
24

530
NA
480
24

27

27

27

27

27

34

34

34

34

33

18
1
27

18
1
27

18
1
27

18
2
27

18
1
27


MPI-S






20

,
.




,
MPI-S MPI-R








MPI-S,

MPI-S MPI-R

MPI-R

( = 1 1012)



,
MPI-R

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0,55 /.
2. , . 8.4, G.957
.
3.
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.

. - G.691 (03/2006)

15

V-16.2

V-16.3

(. 1, 2)

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1 5301 565

1 5301 565

13

13

10

10

20

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

/
10

ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

8,2

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33

33

22

22

2 400

400

NA

NA

120

120


MPI-S,

24

24


MPI-S MPI-R

27

27


( = 1 1012)

25

24

U-16.2

U-16.3

. G.959.1, P1U1-1A3

( 1)

. G.959.1, P1U1-1A2

4/G.691 ,
STM-16

MPI-S

, MPI-S - MPI-R

MPI-R

,
MPI-R

27

27

1.
, , U-16.x V-64.x.
.
2. , . 8.4, G.957
.

16

. - G.691 (03/2006)

MPI-R

( = 1 1012)


,
MPI-R

I-64.1

I-64.2r

I-64.2

I-64.3

I-64.5

. G.959.1, P1I1-2D2

. G.959.1, P1I1-2D3

. G.959.1, P1I1-2D5

,
MPI-S - MPI-R











MPI-S,


MPI-S MPI-R

I-64.1r

. G.693, VSR2000-2L2

MPI-S







()

20

,

/
10

/
/
/
/

. G.693, VSR600-2R1

( 1)

. G.693, VSR2000-2R1

5a/G.691 ,
STM-64

. , ,
(SLM), I-64.1r,
(MLM).

. - G.691 (03/2006)

17

.
MPI-R
.
( = 1 1012)




,
MPI-R

S-64.2a

S-64.2b

S-64.3a

S-64.3b

S-64.5a

S-64.5b

. G.959.1, P1S1-2D3a

. G.959.1, P1S1-2D3b

. G.959.1, P1S1-2D5a

. G.959.1, P1S1-2D5b


, MPI-S MPI-R










MPI-S,

. MPI-S MPI-R

S-64.1

. G.959.1, P1S1-2D2b

.
MPI-S






20

,

. G.959.1, P1S1-2D2a


( 1)

. G.959.1, P1S1-2D1

5b/G.691 ,
STM-64

/
10

/
/

/
/

. S-64.2a, 3a 5a APD;
S-64.2b, 3b 5b PIN.

18

. - G.691 (03/2006)

5c/G.691 ,
STM-64
( 1)

L-64.1

L-64.2a

L-64.2b

L-64.2c

L-64.3

. G.959.1, P1L1-2D1

(. 1, 2)
(. 1)
(. 1)

MPI-S

1 5301 565 1 5301 565 1 5301 565 1 5301 565



+2
13
+2
13

2
10
2
10

ffs
ffs
ffs
ffs
20

ffs
ffs
ffs
ffs
,

/
ffs
ffs
ffs
ffs

10

ffs
ffs
ffs
ffs

10
8,2
10
8,2

,
MPI-S MPI-R

22
22
22
22

11
16
11
16


/
1 600
1 600
1 600
260

/
ffs
ffs
ffs
NA


/
ffs
NA
NA
NA

/
ffs
NA
NA
NA

30
30
30
30

24
24
24
24

MPI-S,

.

27
27
27
27
MPI-S MPI-R

MPI-R

26
14
26
13
( = 1 1012)

9
3
9
3

2
2
2
1

. ,

27
27
27
27
MPI-R
1. L-64.2a DA PDC, L-64.2b DA ,
L-64.2c DA .
2. PDC . 8.3.2.

. - G.691 (03/2006)

19

5d/G.691 ,
STM-64
( 1)

MPI-S





20
,

V-64.2a

V-64.2b

(. 1, 2)

(. 2)

1 5301 565

13
10

15
12

13
10

ffs
ffs
ffs

ffs
ffs
ffs

ffs
ffs
ffs

ffs

ffs

ffs

10

8,2

8,2

33
22

33
22

33
22

2 400
ffs

2 400
ffs

400
NA

ffs
ffs
30
24

ffs
ffs
30
24

NA
NA
30
24

27

27

27

25
9
2
27

23
7
2
27

24
9
1
27

/
10

, MPI-S MPI-R



/

/


/

/


MPI-S,

.
MPI-S MPI-R
MPI-R
( = 1 1012)

. ,
MPI-R
1. PDC . 8.3.2
2. V-64.2a DA PDC,
PDC.

8.1

V-64.3

1 5301 565 1 5301 565

V-64.2b DA

, , ,
, ,
.
. - G.957.

20

. - G.691 (03/2006)

8.2


, .
. - G.663.
8.3

STM-64, G.652,
60 ( ).
, ,
, (DA).
DA ,
,
. STM-64.
DA
(PDC), (),
(PCH) (DST).
.
8.3.1

G.652 5060
STM-64. S-64.2 DA.
L-64.2 DA ,
4080 . DA .
L-64.2 , DA.
, , PDC. (, PCH
DST), , , .
V-64.2 40 DA.
DA

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.
,
.
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8.3.2


(PDC) , .
.
, PDC , ,
( ), .
, PDC, ,
.
PDC, .
-
, . . ,
, , .

. - G.691 (03/2006)

21

PDC STM-64 , S-
40 DA. , . . L-64.2 V-64.2,
(PDC) 40 ,
. 3. , PDC
680 / 1550 . ,
,
. PDC L-64.2
.
,
, . PDC . G.671.

3/G.691

PDC , PDC ,
. - , . 6.2.4,
MPI-S . ,
-. - MPI-S
.
PDC
, PDC,
, , . PDC
,
, .
, L-64.2 PDC .
, , ,
.

22

. - G.691 (03/2006)

V-64.2, ,
,
, .
.
PDC , , ,
, , "" G.652 G.653,
, +10 , . ,
, X-xx.3,
X-xx.3.

.
8.3.3

() G.652
, .
II.
,
,
,
.
1540 ( , L- V-64.2), ,
. ,
.
PDC .
,
. ,
. ,
.
. ,
, , -
. .
8.3.4


, , .

.
L-64.
,
. ,
1 ,
.
.
8.3.5

DA
PDC V-64.2. 80 ,
L-64.2b, , 40
PDC. , ,
, , .
, DST, 80 (DST L-64.2),
PDC V-64.2, 40
(PDC).

. - G.691 (03/2006)

23

8.3.6

, (DST),

. DST,
L-64.2 V-64.2, III.
8.4

( )
.
, ,
, , (G.957, S-64.x . .).
,
, , ,
, .
, 6.1/G.957
6.2.2/G.957, .
, ,
,
. , ,
, . 8.3,
.

.
8.5

, ,
, . ,
.
"" ,
, .
, , ,
. ,
, . ,
.
(FEC) ,
. , ,
FEC, . - G.707/Y.1322.
FEC , ,
. FEC
.
. 8.5.1, . 8.5.2
.
8.5.1

8.5.1.1
, "
",
, , .
8.5.1.2

,
(, ).
,
(40 1550 20 1310 ).
V
.

24

. - G.691 (03/2006)

8.5.1.3
,

. ,
.
8.5.1.4
, ,
. 8.4.
8.5.2


,

.

. - ,
, ,
, /.
8.6

. - G.664.

A
-
A.1

- ;
STM-4 STM-16, STM-64.
i)

STM-4/STM-16 , B/G.957, . .
-
.
A.1.

ii)

STM-64 , B/G.957, . .
- STM-64
.
,

.
(STM-64) A.1.

. - G.691 (03/2006)

25

A.1/G.691

f/fr

0,001 1
1 2 ()

a []
STM-4

STM-16

STM-64

0,3
0,3 2,0

0,5
0,5 3,0

0,85
0,85 4,0

. a
.

A.1 , (EX). EX a/b,


- d/c. , EX
, - . ,
, EX - 0 .

A.1/G.691 -
A.2

,
, .
.
A.3

EX, -
"0" "1" ,
, , . . d/c , . -, PEM,
:

d
PEM = 10 log
c

[] ,


-.
, -
. , -
( -). , ,
- (- ),
.
26

. - G.691 (03/2006)

- 50%
. , ,
. -
( )
.
-,
-
. , -
.
,
, -.
A.4

- .
, EX 1,3 , -
3 , 4,3
.
, .
, ,
, EX -
. ,
, .

I

I.1

(PMD)

. 6.3.2.3, ()
, ,
. ,
:

f () = 32

4 2

,
exp
< > 2
2 < >3

, < > . I.1


f(). (),
,
PMD . ,
PMD .

. - G.691 (03/2006)

27

I.1/G.691 ()
f()
,
1 + , P( 1):

P ( 1 ) =

f ()d () .

P( 1) I.2.
, , 1 = 3 <>,
I.2 , P( 3< >) 4 105.

I.2/G.691 P( 1)
, ,
, . ., .
, ,
70 , PMD
.

28

. - G.691 (03/2006)

PMD , ,
, () . ,
, PMD
17 .
" ", - PMD ,
, . .
.
I.2

- PMD

(PMD) ,
, , PMD
= 1 . ,
= 0,3 , , (PSP)
.

I.3/G.691
()
, (. I.1).
( ,
, , PSP )
, ,
I.3. ,
, , = 0,3 ( 50%
PSP) ,
(PIN-), 0,5 , ,
( APD ) , 1 .
PMD
, :

, 0,5 (PIN) 1
(, APD);


(PSP) ;

(SOP) , ,
PSP.
. - G.691 (03/2006)

29

PMD
.
: PMD = 0,1
, 1 , 4 105
(. I.2 I.3). >1
, 4 105, :
(, - ) , ,
PSP. , SOP ,
, (PSP).
, PSP, ,
,
( , 4 105,
PSP). , , , 4 105
>1 , PMD, , 0,1 .

II

II.1

, , ,
, ,
().
,
"1" "0" .

.
, ,
, .
(). ,
,

,
.
G.652 1550 , ,
, , ,
, . ,
,
.
, , -
.
, , ,
,
.
II.2

, , ,
. ,
(DA). , ,
: , ,
, , ,
.
10 /, 80
, ,
+17 , ,
+13 1,5 .
30

. - G.691 (03/2006)

II.3

.
. , ,
, .
, .
, ,
, .
, , .
(, , . .)
, , .
II.4

STM-64,
,
.
, , ,
. , , ,
,
.
.
, .
, , , ,
,
. ,
,
.
II.5

L V 10 /
, , ,
- . ,
,
. , ,
4 5.
-.
II.6

, ,
,
,
-.
II.7

,
. .
4 5.

. - G.691 (03/2006)

31

III
DST
III.1

(DST) (DA).
,
.
. ,
(
).
DST, DST .
III.2

DST

/ ( )
.
.
.

, , : = 2/c.
,
L . = D L.
3- 4- .
:
a)

- ;

b)

P1 P0 .

III.1 " " a)


b), I , , Popt
, VLP (LP) Vdec
.

32

. - G.691 (03/2006)

III.1/G.691 ;
/
DST :
( )
,

. ,
, (" DST").
III.3

2- - ,
3- - ,
/ 4- -
, III.2 a) b), .

. - G.691 (03/2006)

33

III.2/G.691 -
III.4

, , DST,
. 6 DST,
.
III.4.1 MPI-S
III.4.1.1

.
MPI-S
= 1 ~0 , 1 "1"
( ), ~0
"0" ( ).
III.4.1.1.1

, IV.
V+(t) V(t) , IV.
c (t) = (t) r :

34

. - G.691 (03/2006)

V (t )
c (t ) = (2 ) 1 FSR arcsin +
V (t )

c (t)

P(t), IV.4.

1 r c (t) A1 (11110110).
~0 r c (t) A2 (00101000).
= 1 ~0 = (1 r ) ( ~0 r ) .
( ,
II.1/G.957, .)
III.4.1.2 -
IM -
.
DST , ,
MPI-S
-.
III.4.1.2.1

- IM

- (IM)
, ,
- IM, . 6.2.4.
- IM, . 6.2.4, 2, III.1:
III.1/G.691 - IM DST
- IM (DST) STM-64

III.4.1.2.2

x1/x4

x2/x3

x3 x2

0,2

y1/y2

0,3/0,6

- FM/IM

- FM/IM
, .
,
FM IM
-. FM/IM .
, B.1/G.957.
, :
i)

,
. - G.652;

ii)

, i) ii),
. H(p)
(. B.2/G.957):

H ( p) =

U0
.
2U 2
. - G.691 (03/2006)

35

- FM/IM
:

H = HB HD ,
HB - ,
B/G.957, HD , :
1

f
f
f
0,75 f 0
H D = 1 + j = 1 + r p = 1 + 0,75 0 p = 1 +
y ,

2,114 f
f g
f g
f g
g

p= j

, y = 2,114 p, r = 1,5 f 0 , f 0 = , f r = 0,75 f 0


r

fg.
.
, , PC -.
.
,
. - G.652,
fg, , III.2:
III.2/G.691 DST

DST L-64.2/1

DST L-64.2/2

DST V-64.2

2 500

2 500

1 400

80

80

120



(. - G.652)


-,

- IM, . 6.2.4.
- FM/IM III.3:
III.3/G.691 - FM/IM DST
STM-64 FM/IM eye mask (DST)
x1/x4

x2/x3

x3 x2

0,2

y1/y2

0,3/0,6

III.4.2 MPI-R
III.4.2.1

MPI-R = 1 1012. DST
MPI-S
MPI-R.
, ,
III.4. ,
. 6.4.1, DST.
36

. - G.691 (03/2006)


, , , .
B/G.957
- . ,
.
DST:
- .
.
; ,
,
-.
III.4.2.2
. 6.4.3.
DST, DST.
III.5

III.4.
III.4/G.691 STM-64,
DST

MPI-S












,
MPI-S MPI-R








DST L-64.2/1

DST L-64.2/2

DST V-64.2

1 5301 565

1 5301 565

1 5301 565

3
0

13
10

17
14

3,5

3,5

3,5

8
7
0,02

8
7
0,02

6
5
0,02

35

35

35

22
11

22
16

33
22

/
/

1 600
800

1 600
800

2 400
1 600

/
/

NA
NA

NA
NA

NA
NA

. - G.691 (03/2006)

37

III.4/G.691 STM-64,
DST



MPI-S,


MPI-S MPI-R
MPI-R



,
MPI-R

DST L-64.2/1

DST L-64.2/2

DST V-64.2

30
24

30
24

30
24

27

27

27

24
8
2
27

14
3
2
27

21
5
2
27

IV



.
IV.1


(,
-),
, . IV.1.

IV.1/G.691
S .
,
.
, ,
.
38

. - G.691 (03/2006)

,
.
(PRBS) 2231 ,
.
IV.2


(FSR): ,
.

: .
.
,
.
A, B, . IV.2.

IV.2/G.691
, A B


3 :

<100

3 :

>20

, ,


.
IV.3

td,
:

FSR =

1
.
td

td
,
. FSR ,

. - G.691 (03/2006)

39

.
= FSR/2.
FSR ,
.
, FSR.
, , ,
,
. .
IV.4

1)

, IV.1
.

2)

,
PRBS .

3)



).

4)

. IV.3.
A.

5)

,
A1 A2 .
A1 A2 ( 11110110 00101000) VA(t).

6)

B.

7)

VB(t).

IV.5

VA(t) VB(t).
, V+(t) V(t) :

V + (t ) =

V A (t ) + VB (t )
,
2

V (t ) =

V A (t ) VB (t )
.
2

P(t) V+(t).
:

V + (t ) arcsin
(t ) = 2 FSR

V + (t )
t

V (t )
V + (t )

P(t) (t) .
(t), ,
P(t) ,
"0" "1".

40

. - G.691 (03/2006)

IV.6

IV.3 VA(t) VB(t),


PRBS 10 /.

IV.3/G.691 PRBS 10 /,
, A B,
IV.4 P(t) (t), . IV.5.

IV.4/G.691 P(t) (t);


,

. IV.4
.
.
,
.
,
, .
, , ,
.

. - G.691 (03/2006)

41

V


STM-16 STM-64. STM-16 640
, ,
STM-64 ,
.
V.1.

V.1/G.691 STM-16 STM-64


STM-4 STM-16 ,
STM-4 ,
.

42

. - G.691 (03/2006)

-
A

, ,

, -

, ,


, 2007 .

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