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OKALIF(%

CALIFO%

n-^

ER%

Chess is a Game
such that none

in

which

may

lose,

Chance

no Part, and
own Fault."

liaih

save by his

is

CHESS GAMES,
BRILLIANTS,

AND MINIATURES,
WITH

NOTES, QUERIES, AND ANSWERS*

W.

MOFFATT,

STROUD,

(GLOS).

6V

PREFACE.

GAME

*"

which the play on both sides is


is a
In some
very tame affair.

in

correct,

games in this collection there are moves


which are weak and lead to disaster. Such games
in the opinion of some players are not worth
of the

attention.

Nevertheless,

take the trouble


indicate better

Hence,

lines

He

if

the reader will himself

discover these faults and to


of play, he

will benefit con-

will strengthen his play

by learning
danger and to take advantage of error.
questions on interesting points are set

siderably.

to avoid

lo

down, to which the student is expected to provide


answers and to compare with those given at the
end of the work.
Cordial

and
to

J.

Messrs.

R. C.

thanks are due to

Shannon

W.

Griffith,

for

the

use

Messrs. T. B.

of their

P.
Turnbull, A.
Alfred W. Foster,

C.

B. Dixon for valuable assistance

F.

S.

proofs.

for

Vernieux,

W. Mears and

W.

Moore

Fox

collections;

and to Mr.

examination and correction of

Of

this

book 365 copies only have been printed.

Financially, a loss
the

is

anticipated.

If however,

365 purchasers and the 999 borrowers become

convinced of the superiority of Queries and Notes


over Notes merely, there will be no tears.

W. M.

SECTION
1

Knight's Opening,

King's

I.

P-K4, P-K4

Ruy Lopez, 2 ... Kt QB3 3 B


Ruy Lopez, Morphy's Defence, 3

No.

White, WEISS

i.

Played

American Congress

in the sixth

P QR3.

... ,

Black, POLLOCK. Notes by

Kt-KB3.

Kt5.

in

W. Steinitz.

1889,

between

Max Weiss (who

divided first and second prizes with M.


Tschigorin) and Dr. W. H. Pollock. Thisgame wasawarded
the special prize of 50 dollars as the most brilliant of the
Tournament, and an immortal halo of glory encircles the
His
brow of the lamented Pollock for his achievement.
play from the I7th move renders this game one of the finest
examples of chess ingenuity, and, altogether, it belongs to
the list of the most brilliant gems in the annals of practical
play.

4
5

B-R 4
P-Q 3

Kt3
B 3

8PxP

9
10

Q
Q

2 (a)

11 Kt x P (b)
12 Q x Kt(j<5J Kt
O (d)
13 O
R 5 (e)
14 Q

iSPxB
1

6 Kt

Kt

17

P-QKt

Kt 4
B B4
P Q4

18

19

R3

P-Q

KtxP
O

O
B

Kt x Kt
Kt s(c)

KtxQP
B

B
K i
K2
x

2oRxQ
K
K
K

(f)

B x P ch
Q K8
Kt x

(g)

(h)
(i)

RxRch
B
R

Kt 8 ch
K 6 ch
Kt K 7
23
(j)
P Kt 3
24 Kt B i
P R 4ch
25 Q Q5(k)
26 K Kt 5
K Kt 2 (1)
27 KtxR(m) P B 3 ch
and mates in two moves.
21
22

Kt 3
Kt 4

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMKS.


The opening is tin- s.mie as occurred in two match
between AndMTMen and Morphy, excepting that
Andemea retreated his B to Bz on the 6th move. White
(A.)

has obtained the superior position, chiefly owing to Black's


move P Q 4, which loosens the KP.

jth

(b)

Indicate a better line of pluy.

(c)

The soundness

of this sacrifice

is

questionable.

13 PxKt, BxPcli
14 K Q i, QxPch
think that the attack against White's King
could not be sustained, and Black had only two Pawns for
the piece and, therefore, the worst as regards material.

For

(d)

after

B Q 2, we

15

Not good

(e)

suggest something better.

He had no means
KtxBP and White

(f)

Kt

saving the Pawn, for if 17


dare not take with the Rook on

of

63,

account of

K8ch and mate next move.

Beautiful play.
It will be easily seen that
White
(g)
cannot capture the two pieces on account of the mate in two
moves impending afterwards by Q K6ch and Q K8 mate.

The prelude to a most ingenious and


(h)
conceived line of attack.

splendidly

This sacrifice of the Queen for no more than two


(i)
pieces is based on a most profound and brilliant idea, such
as has rarely occurred in actual play.
Best.

(j)

ch

25

If

Kt5,

23 Kt

B3, Kt
26

K6clf

K7 ch

;
24
65, Kt

Kt4,

KS

Kt6 mate.

(k) Very tempting, but no doubt overlooking the beautiful


R6.
surprise which Black has in store. His best play was

(I)

(m)
2?

Truly magnificent.

There was actually no defence.

QQ
P B
7.

K4 ch

28

If

R 4, K R
B B 7 ch

27
3

QxR

(or

and wins)

28 K R 4,
29 P Kt 3,
R x KtP, and White has only one useless check ry sacrificing
the Queen, after which mate follows by R
Kt 5 double
check, or by B x Kt ch if Kt x R.
27...,

ch

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Kt-B 3
P

Q3

K2

(a)

O O
P-QKt 4

P-Q4
Kt x

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMKS.


Ruy Lopez.
5.

DURAS

An

off-hand

No.
"

v.

Morphy's Defence, 3

B-R 4

P-Q3

6
7
8

64(3)

Kt-B 3
P Q4
P KR 4

10

Kt

P
KKt5

QR3.

D.UVHARN.

game played during

expert to Liverpool."

the

visit of

the

Bohemian

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Ruy Lopez.
No.
4

8.

Won
R4

Morphy's Defence,

by F. SPENCE.

3...,

P QR3.

MKMORABLK CHESS GAMKS.

10

Ruy Lopez.
No.

Won

10.

I'

R4

O(a)
6 Kt B3(b)

1 1

12

Q2

QKt

Ki (d)

y
y

PxB(e)

What

(b)

Improve.

(c)

What may

(d)

Suggest.

(e)

(i)

7
8

BS
R6

22

Kts

24

follow Kt

v.

Kt

83

O O (a)
B Kt3

P KR3 (b)
9 P Q3
10 P Kt4(c)
"
the
(a) What is
of this kind

Kt
Kt

19

23

QKi-^ 2
B

BxR
P
B

Kt5

OxP
PxB
Kt-Kts(f)

KR4 (g)

I'

Rl<3

KS

BxR

Kt3

K6 ch

Kt

K4(h)

Kt7 mate

supposed to be the strongest move

R4

5 Kt

is

BKOADBENT

QR3.

g K3
g Ki

K2

"

What if Kt x P ? (ii) if Kt
What move might White now
And now ?
What if PxPch?

No. n.

KtxP(R7)

(a)

(It)

1<3

Kt

Ki

3...,

Kti
17 Kt
18 BxKt

Kt5

20

K3

if

g-(j2
^5

Kt
Kt
Kt

Kti

13

(g)

g 3 (c)

14

(f)

H tf3
gKl4

I'

Kt3

9 Kt
10

Morphy's Defence,

by TSCHIGOKIN.
Kt 1*3
15

Kts

consider

WILDMAN.

n PxKt

63

B4
P QKt4
P Q3
K R3
P Kt4
KtxKtP

13

B Q5(d)
BxR
B B6ch

15

Q Q2

12

BxKlP
Kt

Qs

B x Kt
K Bi
P

KKt5

6 Resigns.

usual and correct procedure in positions

Why

dangerous

(b)

(i)

(c)

Suggest.

(d)

Improve.

(ii)

Suggest another move.

KING'S

Ruy Lopez.

KNIGHTS OPENING.

Morphy's Defence, 3

QR3.

No. 12. This encounter secured a brilliancy prize in a


tournament held at Riga, Russia.
Mr. H. vox EHI.EHT v.
PROK. P. BOHL.
4
5

6
7

9
to
1

13
13

14
<5

12

MKMORABLK CHKSS GAMES,


Ruy Lopez.

Berlin Defence,

3...,

Kt

B3.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Ruy Lopez.
No. 17.

DEWING

v.

Berlin Defence, 3

Kt

13

B3.

WRNMAN.

Mr. L. G. C. Dewing was awarded the special prize in


Glasgow Congress for the

the major open tournament at the


following game.

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMKS.


Ruy Lopez.

Berlin Defence,

3...,

Kt

B3.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Steinitz Defence, 3...,

Ruy Lopez.
No.
4
5

22.

Q3.

Anonymous.

O
KR

6 Kt
7

B Kt:;
B R4
P QR3

83

B-B 4

Kt-Q 5

8 Kt x P
9 B x P ch.
10 Kt
Q5 mate.

(l>)

1<2

(a)

Find a move which will leave Kt pinned, prevent


8 Kt x P, and threaten Kt
Q5.
(a)

Suggest a line of play.

h)

No.
4
5

6
7

Won
P^Q4

23.

B
B
O

R4

P QR^
P QKt 4

Kta

KKt

1<2

Kt x

9 Kt x Kt
10

P mate

(a)

B-Kt5

Point out Black's weak moves and suggest better.

(a)

No.

by G. R. JACOBUS.

Won

24.

4 P
5 P
6 B
7 B

by C. K. TANKARD.

B Q2
P QR3
P QKt4

Q.4

B3

R4

9 Kt x

P
P
P mate

x P
KB3

P
Kt

10 B x
(a)
OKI K2
Kt3
Point out Black's weak moves and suggest better.

(a)

Ruy Lopez.

Fianchetto Defence,

3...,

KKt3.

Played
Championship Tournament of the
London C.C.. between W. E. Au.xurr and S. WOOD.

No. 25.

4
5

in

B-Kt 5

Bx B

Ktx P

Qx

9 Kt
10

"

Px P

P-Q4

Kt

B3

Q-Qi"
Q Q2

(a)

Why

the

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

16

Bird's Defence, 3

Ruy Lopez.

BKKK^MAN

No. 26.

v.

4 Kt x Kt

9 B

(a)
(b)
(c)

B
P

No. 27.
LANGK.

P-K 5

7
8

B
P

R2

Kt

83

(e)

K-K2
Q 64

Q-Kt 5
KS

ch

Ki

mate

(d)

11

ANDERSSKN

x Kt

13

63

14
15
16

P-Kt 4
P

K3

17
18

Q
Q

Bi

(b)

P-Q 4

KKts
Kt KS

(d)

Rr

Kt

izPxKt

Kt

(a)

KB3

00
P

QR3
to this

1859.

Kt 3 (c)

10

(e)

QB3

R4

84

(d)

Q x Kt
Q Q8

H \ Kt ch
P QKt 4

OR3
B

Played at Breslau,

4 Kt x Kt

(b)

17
1 8

(c)

What might follow P


What is the objection
Suggest.

(c)

16

K2

Improve.

Improve.

(a)

Kts (b)

R4

(d)

(a)

(e)

KKt3

K2

13
14
15

QB 4

10

12

x Kt

Q-Q 3

7 B-Kts
8 Kt
2

Q5.

Kt

SKKLTON.

B-B 4

P-Q3
Q R5

..,

Q6

B 4 ch

Kt6ch

(e)
!

Kt 4

B
20 B
19

21

v.

KR 4
QxR

65

Q-B 7
Q
Q

x Pch
x Pch

Kt2

R3

MAX

x
x

KtP
KtP

KxQ
K Ka
Rsch

B mate

4 B B 4 is now considered best.


Point out a perfectly safe move.

Where would be a better place for the B ?


What would happen if 9 P x B ?
From this stage to the end Black's moves appear

clock-work precision.

with

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Schliemann's Counter Gambit,

Ruy Lopez.
No. 28.

prize for brilliancy in


A. Gifford v. S.

First

Championship Congress.
4

K2

Q4

BxKtch

(a)

QxP
SQxBPch

Kt

B4

10

KKt

11

Q2
63

12

Q
6 O

13

(a)

Qa

New

the

19

20 P x

21

Zealand

CRACKENTHOKP.

Ki (d)
Bi
K3

Kt

R4

Q RS
R 63

BxRP

Q Q2
i8Kt Kt3(e)

B
O O
K Ri

KR3

A move

16

P B4.

3...,

17

Q2
KS
Q4
Qs

P
P

(c)

15 Kt

63

14

(b)

PxKP
PxB

17

KtxKt

Kts

Kt5

Kt

(f)

K7 ch

RxPch

Bi

22 White resigns.

favoured by Blackburne and some other

good as P 0,3.
one time made a speciality of this
book, Kt KB3 with Kt Q5 to follow,

players, but probably not so


(b)

Marshall:

who

opening, gives in his

at

as Black's continuation.
(c)

Black's already well developed


this.
Suggest a better move.

game

is

further im-

proved by
(d)

Weakening

(e)

What

the

follows

if

KBP, but
Px B ?

necessary.

Why ?

White's next
Threatening mate by Kt K7 ch, etc.
P x B enables Black to force the mate very prettily
in three moves.
(f)

move

No.

29.

P.

4 PxP(a)

Thomson
Kt

63

v.

(b)

Rev.

J.

A.

SHANNON.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAM!

i8

Ka

Modern Chess Openings" suggests 6 P 0.4, P


B Ka 8 P KKt 4 O O 9 R Kti, etc.

K$

"
(c)

7 Kt

R4,

(d)

Suggest a safer move.

Why cannot

White

ZUKEKTORT

4
5
6

v.

castle

7 Kt
Kts
8 KtxP

Kt

Kt3

(c)

KR3

(d)

KxKt

(a)

Improve,

(b)

Show how P

(c)

Improve,

(d)

Improve,

(e)

What

(f)

If

if

(i)

Ki

KKt3

Ki or

Ka,

now

Andcrssen.

P-B 3 (a)
P-Q 3
P-Q 4
E-Q 2 (b)

K$, 5

etc.

Cozlo Defence,

Ruy Lopez.
30.

4...,

(e)

No.

game. Mr. G. S. Carr gives


6 H x Kt, QPx B
7 Kt
.4,

3..

KKt

K2.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Ruy Lopez.
No.
4

32.

Cozio Defence,

R. Spielmann

Kt-B 3

(a)

v.

S.

3...,

KKt K2.

TARTAKOWER.

19

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

ao

Cozio Defence, 3 ...,

Roy Lopez.
No. 35.
4

oO

P_Q 4

6
7
8

Rhoda BOWLES

Mrs.

P
P

KU
x Pch

9 Kt

K
Q

Ktsch
*

loQxB

HQ-B3!
Name

(a)

Ellison Pearse.

12
Ktach
13 P x
14 P x Ktch
K6ch
15 Kt
16 B Ktsch

Q3

QP

QR3

P OKt 4
B Kts?
KxB

R4

B
B
B

v.

KKt-KZ.

Kti

17

Bi

18

Qi

Kt 3

Ktz

15;,

K K4

K
Q R3ch
Q KB3 male.

K$

g-Ki
the correct move.

Ruy Lopez. Riga Defence, 3..., P -QR3 4 B R4, Kt-B3


5 O-O, KtxP; 6 P-Q4, PxP; 7 R-K1, P-Q4.
;

No.

Won

36.

KtxP

KtxKt

10

Bi

by T. R. D.vwsox.

B Q3
BxPch

(a)

13
1

Is this the best

Qi
move

KtxQ
B

17

K18 ch
mate.

83

R3

(d)

PxB

Improve.
Suggest a continuation of n...,

(d)

Improve.

GIuoco

Piano.

No, 37.

R K8

(c)

(b)

B4

Kt

Ktsch

16 Kt

Kt 4 ch

isKtxKBP

Q Q3(b)
QxQ(c)

(a)

QxP

11
12 Kt

O.

IP

K4, P K4; 2 Kt-KB3, KI-.QB3


3 B-B4, B-B4.

White, STEINITZ

Remarks bv John

Black, Bardeleben.

A. Galbreath.

Notes by Dr. Tarrasch.

By an almost universal consensus of those mostly entitled


to an authoritative opinion, the famous game between Steinitz
and Bardeleben in the Hastings Tournament of 1895 is at
least one of the best games ever played.
Whether it is
actually awarded the prize as "the" best, or not, it will stand
as a classic masterpiece for all time.
It is a gem of a game,

which for brilliancy combined with absolute soundness has


never been surpassed and rarely, if ever, equalled.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

21

c
book of the
given as it appears in the
After Steinitz's twenty-fifth move
Von Bardeleben, perceiving that he had a lost game, and
objecting to the applause that generally followed a remarkable victory, absented himself from the room, leaving Sleinitz
to win by the clock.
Steinitz thereupon worked out an
extraordinary mating combination, ^vhich he explained, to
the delight of those present, and the moves are recorded by
the editor of the book.
It was never doubted that this game
would secure the first prize for brilliancy, and in making the
award the judges said " The whole of the play was extremely
artistic and beautiful as well as brilliant."

The game

is

Hastings Tournament.

4
5

6
7
8

9
10
ii

12

13
14
15

P
P

Kt

83

PxP

Kt-B 3

PxP

B
(a)

O
B

Ktsch

P-Q 4

BxKt
KtxB

1<3 (c)

Ki

K2

BxKB
QxKt
KtxB

BxB
R

(b)

KKtxP

B
KKts

Q-K2

83

PxP

Q4

!(d)

KB3

Q-Q2

MEMORABLE CHESS GAM

22

24

Kt 4 ch,

B2

25 Kt

K6ch,

Kti

g B 4 ch

26

and wins.

The checks by the R arc delightful, as Black cannot


(i)
take with K or he loses his O with a check, nor can he take
with g, or he is mated.
the Editor, "if K
Kti, Mr.
the time) demonstrated the following brilliant
remarkable mate in ten moves."

(j)

"For now," remarks

Steinitz (at

and
25

...

26
27
28
29
30

R Kt7ch
g R 4 ch
g Rych
g R8ch
g Ktjch

K
K

Bi

31 g
32 g
33 g
3 4 Kt

K2

35

Kti

Ri

KxR
K
K
K

K K2
K gi

KtSch

B7ch
B8ch
B7ch

g g6

Ki

K gz

mate.

Ki

No. 38.
Played in the Surrey-Devon correspondence
match. Notes by the winner, from the " Standard."
C. V.
LOYK v. VN* ]. Bearne.
4

P-g 4

63

PxP

7 Kt

9
10
(a)

ii

12

KtxKP
BxKt

B3

O O
P QS
B g3

Bi

PxP
Ktsch

Kt

Kt

R4(a)

00

(b)

Inferior to Kt

K4

13
14
15
16

PxB

Kt

KB3(c)

P B 3 (d)
g R4
g R 4 P KKt 3 (e)
B KKt 5
K Kt 2
P g6
P R4
gR K i Resigns (f)
'

or

I
(b)
Leaving the Kt out of play and unable to move.
believe this move to be an innovation.
Suppose 10 B B^ ;
R Kr, O O; 12 RxKt, P g3 13 P KKt4, P KR3
Ki; 14 P Kt5); 14 B g2, with the better game.
(if 13..., R

(c)

(d)
(e)

What should be played ?


move that might be tried.
other
move leads to mate. How
Any
Fatal.

Name

White wins a piece by threatening


(f)
force mate or loss of g.
If ...,
R Ki
18 BxKtch, K
Bi
Kti
Kts, g
19 g
21 R
22 g R6, and mate next
K8, g\R
;

K 7 and can
RxR, g\R
20 R Ki, any:
17

move.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

23

Giuoco Piano.
Miss COTTON v Mrs. Rentoul (Ladies' Chess Club).

No. 39.
4
5

6
7
8
(a)

p_B 3

B-Kt 3 (a)
KKt K2
Xx B
B x P ch (c)
Kt Kt5ch
K Kt
B K3
Kt Kts(d)
P

Q3( b

Criticise.

Q3

(e)

Improve.

No. 40.
4

7
8

9
10

9
10

ii

(c)

sound

v.

JOHNSON

63
Q4

If

(h)

Is this

Kt

0.4,
?

(d)

63

Q3
B2

dis ch

Q6

(e)

and mate

should Black reply with


Give an alternative move,

ii

(a)

PxP

Q6

K2

QKt

Bonny.
12

PxP
B Kts(b)
P-Q 5 Kt-QR 4 (c)
B
P
B

P-Q 4

Kt 3 ch

PxP

follows.

13
14
15
16

B 4 (d)
P 65

Ki(f)
Kt 5

Kt

(g)

Q-Q 5 (h)(i) BxPch


RxB
Q Kt 3
QxPch
K^xQ

17 Kt

O(e)

P K$

O O
BxPch

Kt5mate.

(b) Propose a more


(a) Give two alternative moves,
prudent move, (c) What objections ? (d) What if Q K2 ?
(e) What may be said for P
KR3? What for P QR3?
K i ? (g) Give a continuation after K x B.
(f ) What if Kt

Also after
(i)

What

(perhaps best).

the best reply

Kt
Kt 5 (b) Kt x

KtxBP

(a) Criticise,

Threatening what

(h)

by G. EASTGATE.

QR 3 (a)

5 Kt

K R

Won

No. 41.
4

is

B3

P (c)

7
8

O O (d)
K R i (e)

83

9 KtxR(f) Kt

I.

What

II.

B x P ch
Q R5
Kt6 mate

What

objection
possible
should White reply to this ?
What
ought Black to have played, (d) Give one continuation
after Q
K2. (e) Improve, (f) Con63, and one after Q
tinue after 9 P
KKt3. Also after 9 P R3_

motive

(c)

(b)

How

MKMOK'.\!;LK CMKSS GAMKS.

No. 42.

Winner

P-B,

Kt 3

Kt-Kt 5 (a)
K B i (b)
9 KtxBP(c)
K2
10 K
Bi
ii R
7
8

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.


Giuoco Piano.

No.

44.

B. O.

CANNON

v.

A. Leather.

25

MKMOKAHLK tUKSS

26

Max

Gluoco Piano.

(The attack

O-O,

Lange Attack, 4

be avoided by

may

(iAMKS.

4...,

P.Q3).

B3

Kt
5

H. Blackhurnc, Dr. Ballard and H. Foster


GUNSBBRG, R. LOMAN and J. MORTIMER.

No. 47.
5
7
8

I>.\P(a)

KS

KS

Q Q4
g 84

Kt5

QB3

P KKt 4
QKt K4

g4

PxB

PxKt
R Kich

9 Kt
10 Kt
11

J.

...

6 P

PxP

PxKt

K6(e)

65

v. I.

QxP(c)

13
14 KtxB
15 Kt
Kt5
16 Q
83 (d)
i? Kt
18

P Q4.

(f)

K4

KR3

Q
KR

Kt3
Kti

Kt3(b)
19 Resigns, (g)
Kt3
(a) Give a safer move,
(b) In the variation QxP (83);
12 Kt
Q5, Q gi; 13 RxBch, PxR; 14 Kt x KP,
15 B
84, Kt
K4; 16 Kt(Q5)xPch, K Q2; 17 Q K*2,
suggest a different continuation after
14.
(c) Continue
after 13..., R
KKti; 14 Kt x B, Px Kt. (d)(i) What objection ?
KBi feared ? (e) (i) What is overlooked ?
(ii) Why is not R
12

'

QQy,

(ii)

Suggest,

(f)

If

Kt

84

(g)

Why

No. 48. Mr. V. L. WAHLTUCH v. Messrs. Moorehouse, Creeke


and another in consultation.

BxR

5 .-

K2

KR-gi
Q

(d)
5

Hi

(e)

KR3

(f)

PxR

Kti

Resigns.
(a) What is usual here ?
(b) Mention other moves, and a
continuation in each case, (c) Suggest, (d) \Vhat might
follow 16..., g gi ?
What if 18..., RxKt? (f) (i)
(e)

What

if

Px R

(ii)

What

is

best

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Giuoco Piano.

27

MKMOKAI5LK CHKSS GAMKS.

28

Evans Gambit Accepted, l P K4, P-K4 2 KI-KB3,


Kt QB3 3 B -B4, B~B4 ; 4 P-QKt4, B x KtP.
;

White, ANDKRSSKN BLACK, Dufresne.


Remarks and notes by John A. Galbreath.

No. 52.

"
tlie
Tlic subjoined beautiful game has been termed
It was played in August, 1853, between Prof.
evergreen."
Adolf Anderssun, one of the greatest chess masters, and M.
Jean Dufresne, who is liardly less distinguished as an author
and chess player. In the opinion of Dr. Zukertort this game
is a finer one than the celebrated game between Anderssen
and Kieseril/.ky. Particular attention is invited to White's
19111 move.
Pages of analysis have been devoted to the
ensuing position, the result being that Anderssen's forecast
of the result has been proved correct in every variation.

P_B 3
P
4

5
6

B-R 4

7O0
8
Q

10

11

B R3

Ki

(b)

R4

3
14

This

(a)

was

17
18

19

KKt K2
Kt4(c)

Q2 B

QKt

Q6(a)

it

Q 84
y R4
PxKt

Kti

Q x Kt
Kt x R

R x Kt ch
2iQxPch!(f)
Kxg
22 B Bsch
K Ki
23 B Qych and mates

Kt3

Kt 2 (d)

next move.

move was much

played, but

K4

BxQP
Kt B6ch!
PxP
QR-Qx (e)

20

R QKti

i2QxP
1

16

g BS
Q-Kt 3

Kt3

P-K 5

15 Kt

PxP

in

vogue

at the time this

proved unsatisfactory and

is

now

game
rarely

used.
(b)
(c)

Explain the purpose of this move.


White's game is beautifully developed and presents a

marked contrast

move

to Black's

cramped

position.

Black's

nth

purpose of getting a counter attack and a


better development of his forces.
It has been suggested that
(d)
castling is a better resource
for Black.
The chess world is the gainer, because the move
actually made afforded Anderssen the opportunity to execute
the ensuing truly masterly manoeuvres.
is

for the

The first move of one of the most wonderful


(e)
tions ever conceived over a chess board.
(f)

To make

played his

QR

this sacrifice of the

to

Qi on

his igth

combina-

Queen sound, White had

move.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

29

Evans Gambit Accepted.


KOLISCH v. Amateur. From the " Illustrated
London News," 1847. Described as " A perfect gem of a
game."

No.

53.

P
P

Q-Kt 3

83
Q4

9
10
11

12
13

14
15

13

16

17 Kt
18 Kt

PxP

7OO

Q3

Q-BK 3

(a)

19

P\P
K5
B Kt3
R Ki
B KKt5 Q Kts(b)
KtxKt
KtxKP
P

Q Ktsch
RxKtch

BxB

(a)

Waller's attack.

An

(c)

alternative

Kt 5 ch,
Better

K
is

i7BxQ, PxB.
He should
(d)
B B2.
(e)

No. 54.

What does

Won

20

P QB3
B K3
PxB(c)

(b)

B
15

Ka

B R4

...,

-R-R 5
R Kt i

21

RxPch
Q

23

QxQPch

25 Q
26 Kt

(d)

Q-B

22

B2

K Q2
R Ki
B

(e)

R Bi
K Ki

RxR

24RxB

1 1 ...,

K
Q8ch
K 5 mate.

B4

12 Kt x P, Kt x Kt

R x Kt, Q Q 2.
P x Q
16 B
B

14

play 16
this

Q2
84

is
i

...,

move

K Q

threaten

2,

and

5 ch,
if

17 Kt

K
Q

2,

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

30

Evans Gambit Accepted.


Xo. 56. Played at the Torquay C.C.
Greville Page.
5

P-B3

\V.

MEAHS

v.

C.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.


Evans Gambit Accepted.

No. 58.

BKACKBURNE

v.

Amateur.

Blindfold

game

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMKS.

32

Evans Gambit Accepted.

Won

No. 60.
5

P-Q 4

7
8

9
(a)

(b)

by G. GUNDERSON (Melbourne).

O O?

B3
x

PxB
P-04

I'

O(b)

B KKt5
A weak move which
Or 8 Q Q5, Q K2

(c) 8...,

KKt

Kz

is

as

>

at
;

once brings trouble.


9 B R3, with a fine game.

good as anything.

Ki

moves.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPEXIXG.

33

Evans Gambit Accepted.

Won

Xo. 63.

by F. F. FINCH.

Kt-B 3

84

R3
BxKt(K 4

ti

K2

Kt

PxB

O O

7
8

P-Q4
PxP

9
10

B-Qs

(a)

Bad

(b)

Black cannot do better than retreat the Kt to KKtr.

(c)

Which

PxP

p-K 5

(c)

Q R5

Kt

84

BxP
P

x Kt (d)

mate.

after 5. ..664.

is

the best

move

for

I5-..K

White at this stage ?


B2 would enable him

to

Marache v MORPHY.

Xo. 64.

B
6

7
8

P-Ks

KKt

Kts (b)

13

R3

15
1

PxPi.p.

B-Q 3
BxB

14

P-Q 4
QxP

(a)

O O

12

R4

PxP

Q4

10 Kt

(b)

16

84

Falling into a trap.


struggle on a little longer.

(a)

13 Kt
Kts
14 KtxKP
B6 ch
15 Kt

B-Kt 3
Kt-K 5 (b)

(d)

12

(a)

B-B 4

BxR
B
B
B

PxP

Bi

Q Kt3
R Qi
QKt-Qs

84

K2

17
18

19

Q-K 4

20

Q x Q QKt

Q-B2

is

(d)

Kt

!(c)

KtxB
Q Kt 3
move O O

The usual
More enterprising

QxKt

R3

is

10

KKt6
K7 mate.
!

preferable.

R3

followed by

1 1

Ki.

order to gain time.


White falls into the trap, but his game is lost in any
(d)
case.
19 Q ^3, Q Qi, and Q Bi are obviously unsatisfactory, but how could Black win after 19 Q
R4 ?
(c)

Sacrificing the

exchange

in

34

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.


Evans Gambit Accepted.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.


Evans Gambit Accepted.

No.
5

67.

White, Dufresne

P-B 3

Black, ANDERSSEN.

35

36

Evans
usually

MKMORABLK CHESS GAM1


Declined.

B-Kt

Kvans Gambit Declined.


Kt QB 3 3 B B 4, B
;

No. 69.
4

move

any

4...,

except

BxKtP,

3.

Dr. Lasker

v.

B4

K4, P
;

E. DICKENS.

K4
QKt 4.

Kt

KB 3,

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Two
No.

Knights' Defence.

71.

Won

4 P-Q.3

2...,

by TCHIGOKIN.

(a)

B-B 4

Kt

QB3

3 B

B4, Kt

37

B3.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

38

Two
No.

Won

73.

by Mr. R.

8 Kt

Q4
P
KxKt
K K3
Kt x

KtxBP

QB3 ch

Bx

at

Durban

(S.A.)

Kt

Qs
K K2
K Oj

83
Kt ch
ch
K4 mate.

087
Kt

10
1 1

"

"

Fegatello attack is always difficult to meet ;


Black usually plays 5..., Kt QR4. 8..., Kt Qs
immediately fatal. What is the correct continuation ?

(a)

to avoid
is

W. BORDERS,

4 Kt Kts
5 P x P (a)

The

Knights' Defence.

No.

74.

it

Won

4 Kt Kts
5 PxP
6 B Kt5ch
7
8

Yi ELDER.

quite fatal.

75.

4 Kt

10
11

12

83

14
15

62

16

PxP

Q3

17

KKts

BxB
What

are they

Jurgenieff

v.

RS

O O
Q K2
P

18

Kt6

19

83

Kt5

PxP

Kt

P
P

Q K2
PxKt

KKt Q2
P KR3

KtxKt
P KB4
Ktsch

Resigns
last

(a).

being

Q4

13

QR4

14

Q 83
KtxB

KR3

15

KS

16

KtxB
QB 4
O O
P

K6

Qi

R Ki
BxKt
P

83

PxP

QKt3

17

P
B

Kt2

Kt

KS

Kt4

19
20

8
R

85

BxKP

PxP

KR3

PxKt

KOLISCH.

6 P Q3
KB-,
7 Kt
"
8

PxP

QKt K4
P
3
P KR4!

There are three weak moves by Black, the

(a)

QxB

13

QQ3

12

PxP

B3
K2
10 Kt
83
11

Q4

QR 4

Kt

9 B

No.

W.

by F.

Bi
Bi

QxP
Black mates
in two.

(1) Black takes splendid advantage of two weak moves by


White. Which ?
(2)

The mate

is

effected by

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Two

Won

No. 76.
4

O O

P
P

B x Pch

Knights' Defence.

by A. L. SANDERS.

Q4
K5

Kt

is

8 Kt Ktsch
Q x Kt
10 Cj B4ch

84
PxP

KKt5

Kx B

Black has superior moves at

(i)

5...Bx

Name

6, 8, 9.

Q4

SO0
6 R Ki
8

Kt

KtxKt

PxP

10

KtxP

ii
12

7BxP

Q4

QxB
Q

83

K3

is

B QKts

Kt3
Kt(K4 )

move

little

PxP

83?

x R(Q)

BxR

after 8...Q

at this juncture,

PxP!

Kts

14 KtxQch
15 Resigns.

better

an unusual move

lively

isKtxB

Qi
K3

9RxKtchisthe

(i)

them.

also slightly better.

Herr Krejik v. Dr. E. LASKER. (A


77.
skirmish played at the Vienna Chess Club).

Bi
4

Resigns.

No.

39

Qi.

9...

K2 being

generally preferred. In a Swiss Tourney, 1902, there followed


10 KKt
O;
Kts, O
Q Q3, P KR3 12 Kt B6ch
B x Kt 13 Q R7, mate. White sets a trap on his nth

move

(if

n...BxQ;

12 Kt

gain a Queen another way.


on his loth move ?

No.

78.

5 Kt

R. STEEL

v.

E. Lasker.

PxP

Q4
Kt5

Q4?

PxP

KtxP

(1)
(2)

B6 mate!). Black prefers to


What should White have played

What should Black


What would follow

K3

Ki

9 Kt x

BP

10

QB3

ii

Kt

KS

play for his 5th


9...,

KxKt

move

Q Q2

Kt5

O 6
Resigns.
?

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

40

Two
No.

Won

79.

4
5

Knights' Defence.

by W. H. BYRON SMITH (Birmingham C.C.)

o O
P Q4

B4

10

PxP

ii

KtxKt
Bxl'ch
Q Rsch

6 P

Kt

KS

12

Q4

13 Kt

7
8

KS
K2
PxPi.p.

9 Kt

Kts

B 84
O O

Ktsch

i4QxRPch
15

QBj

R
P

K
K

Black's plight can be traced to one bad move.

No.
3

80.
.

Ponziani Game.

FALKBEER

v.

Schurig.

Kt2

Bi

Which

Kt-QB3; 3 P B3.
-

KKt3

mate.

it?

Ki

KxB

is

KNIGHTS OPENING.

KING'S

41

Ponziani Game.

No.

81.

BLUMENTHAL.

O.

Kt-B 3
KtxKP

...

P
P
B

KtxP

4
5

Q4
Q5
Q3

Kt Kti
Kt B4

0-0

K2(a)

9
10
ii

12

QxP

KKt 5
Ki

Kt

KtxBP(c)

Kt6

13 Kt

Q6

Ks(b)
Kti

QxQ

mate.

Q-Q 3

Black thought he could improve upon his play upon the


9th move, and replacing his men he gave Herr Blumenthal
an opportunity for further demonstrating his combinative
aptitude by producing the following interesting termination:
RxP ch, QxR
10 R Ki, PxKt
9 B KKts, P KB3
12 Q
RS ch, P Kt3
13 QxPch, PxQ
14 BxP mate.
K2 is not an effective attack on the Kt, and it
(a) 7..., Q
chokes up the KB suggest a better move.
;

(b)

Why

(c)

KxKt would

No.

82.

not

Marshall

K2

lose something.

v.

BUR\.

How

Ostend Congress, 1905.

MKMORABLE CHESS GAMKS.

42

Ponzlanl Game.

No.

TCHIGORIN

83.

...

Q R4
B

10

B4

ii

Kt3

Kt

KKt
i

Would

(a)

and 750

,000

8...,

Kt

Q6

dollars

O O O

84
Kz
R3

KxB

mate.

(Tchigorin and Weiss divided

fine ending.

prizes

15 Kt

K5(a)
Kt3(b)

Kt

Q-QR4(c)

87 ch
84
13 Kt
14 B
Ktsch

B Q2
P

Q4

12

QxP

7OO
P
9

American Tournament, 1889.

83
Kz

Kts

Gossip.

P-Q 4

PxP

v.

and 2nd

ist

be safe

contrary to principle, moving a piece


twice before development is complete.
Is there any better
(b) 9...,

move

is

Kt3

(c) Is this the best place for the

Three Knights' Game.

2...,

Queen

Kt

QB3

Kt-B3.

No. 84. Played in the third round of the Hungarian


Tournament. [Score and note (a) from the " Field."]

BKEYER
3...
4 P
5

6
7
8
(a)

v.

Balla.

KKtxP
B QB4
KtxQP
This

(a)

9
10

Kt

83

ii

Q4

12

KtxQKt

13
14

Q Rsch

student,

B4 ?

PxKP

Q4

Kt3

KtxP

QxPch
BxKt

PxKt(b)
K $2

867
B

Kt5

85 ch

If

Ki
Ka

Kt

K4

Resigns.

is merely given for the benefit of the


not a fair specimen of Balla's strength.
was an unfortunate experiment for which he paid

as

game
it

is

3...P
84
the penalty.
(b)

Q
Q

9...Kt

83 how should White proceed

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Four Knights' Game.


No.

Won

85.

4
5
6

Kt5

QR3

Bx

B Kt5
B x Kt

KtxP

Point out a better move.

(b)

How?

NEIMZOWITCH

KtxP

15

Q Qa

16

QR Ki
Q 64

QxPch
Q x Kt (a)
BxKt

PxB

QxBP

17
18

O O

19

Q K4

20

Ki

21

Ka

Kti

P
P

Q5

QB4

7. ..KtP

R
P

P Q3
Q R^

Kta

Kt

KS

(b)

664 (c)
Q Kt3
K Bi
P KR 4

K3(d)

KR3

R 63
R Ki

Qa

Resigns.

x Kt or 7-..QP x Kt would be safer.

Point out a better defence.

(b)

"If

(c)

Px R
8

No. 87.

by TE KOSTE.

Kts

9 Kt
10 B

Kt3
(b)

P-Q 3

BxKt

Kt

R4
R4
;

Kt5

Black

(a)

Q R4
puts his Q

Ka
63
(a)

1 1

xa

BxKt

13
14
15
16

Kt3

Q-R 5
Q

R6

PxP
QxBP
i7BPxB

out of play.

or bring out his B.

Why

RxB;

18

RxR,

63 or

Won

P-Q 3
B Kt5
PxB

;
17 BxKt,
Schlechter.

could Black save himself after (i) 18

O O

KB4

Ki, etc."

Kt4

I6...P

R
How
19

(d)
1

(b).

B-Q 3

KtxKt

11

Kt

13

14

B
O

(a)

moves

Leonhardt.

12

KtxP
Q 63
KB4 (a) Q R$ ch
K Ka and Black mates
P

in 5

7
8

10

(2)

v.

B-Kt 5
Q Ka

P-Q 4

B3.

Masters' International Tourney, Ostend.

86.

9
10

KtP x B

Kt

(a)

No.

Kt

by D. WALKER, Udney.

QPxB

3...,

43

He

Q x BP

PxB
P-Q 4
PxP

K3

BxB
Resigns (b)
could try

10...,

44

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Three Knights' Game.

No.

88.

The

late

Mr. Pollock

version in the following


3

...

B4

O O

6 Kt
7

P-B3

(a)

8...Q

No.

89.

3
4
S

KtxP

KxB
P-Q 4

responsible for White's

Kts

Kt

83

KtxKP

Q3

B-QB4
Q2

is

better,

Kt

Ka

(a)

BxQ

White mates in three


moves (b).
(b)

How

Communicated by W.P.T.

3 Kt-B3.

P Q3
B Kts

Q5

is

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

45

Four Knights' Game.

now

Black

(b)

recovers his Pawn, but greatly at cost of

position.

Though apparently

(c)

losing time, this

is

excellent play,

advance his QKt's P, which makes his


position very weak on the Queen's side.
10 B x P ch
Forced. If 8 Kt x P 9 Kt x Kt, R x Kt
(d)
and should win.
as

it

compels Black

to

A weak move at present, though remarkably strong if


(e)
reserved after playing P QB3 at this point, which would
have given White the superiority by far.
This allows Black to block White's pieces for a long
(f)
Much better was P Oj.
time.
On principle he ought to have dislodged the adverse
(g)

at the first opportunity.


Q R6 at once would have
completely turned the tables and Black would never have
recovered from the bad position of his Pawns on the Queen's

Queen

side.

White cannot be blamed

(h)

seeing the most

for not

combination that his opponent has prepared.


Q Qi was now the right move, whereupon, no doubt, Black
would have answered with P QB4, with the better game.
One of the most charming poetical chess compositions
(i)
that has ever been devised in practical play.
wonderful

Of course, if R Kti, Black takes and mate follows in


(j)
two more moves but full justice has not been done to
Morphy's extraordinary position judgment, which shows
itself on examination of the following lines of defence
20 Q Q3, P KB4 21 Q 64 ch, K Bi 22 Q R4, Bx R;
and wins by R K8 or B R6.
If
23 Q x P, K 62
22 Q
KB4, B x R 23 Q x P ch, R 63 24 Q x RP, R K8
and wins.
Black would have won much more elegantly by
(k)
22 R Kt7
24 K Kti. R Ktj ch
23 Q Q3, R x BP ch
;

25

moves,

Kt8 mate.

mention that this elegant termination


pointed out by Mr. Steinitz, after having escaped
the notice of authors and critics for a quarter of a century.
No mention of it appears in Loewenthal's edition of Morphy's
"
games, nor in Max Lange's Morphy book, Sein Leben und
Schafen."
N.B.

was

first

It is

right to

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

46

Four Knights' Game.

No.

91.

Won

friendly

game

Kt

B Kts
P Qa
6 B QB4
7

at the

Cambridge University C.C.

by B. GOULDINO BROWN.

O O

Kts

Qs
Q3

BxKt

Kts

10 Resigns (a)

Kts

State the primary cause of White's loss,

(a)

Q Qz

B x KKt

and

(b)

show

the reason for resignation.

The following brilliant game played in the Russian


92.
National Tourney between M. ROSF.NKRAXTZ (White), and
M. Levitski (Black), is taken from the Year Book of Chess.

No.

Kt S

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.


Four Knights' Game.

No.

93.

Played

in the

Postyen Tournament.

47

MEMORABLE CHESS GA Mi-

48

Four Knights' Game.


No. 95. Higginbotham
match, 1896.

4
5

Kts

O O
P-Q3

7 B
8 Kt

9 Kt

Q2
QKt 3

16

17

Kt-B 3

K
R

K3

i8BxB

K2

Kt
Kt

K2

19

Ki

20

QxB

21

Kt 3

loKBxKt(a)
B K 3 (b)
B3
12 P

PxP

5 Kt

Kts

O O
P-Q3

Kts

1 1

ATKINS (Cambridge)

v.

(Oxford)

14

KtxKt

v a)

Why

is

this

KB 4
B R4
KtxP
RxKt

P QKt 4
PxR

23

KxR

24

capture objectionable

weak

Wherein

(c)

Point out a stronger move.

this

is

Kt2

Kt 3

Kt 3

R-R 4
RPxB

B Kts
R KBi
RxKt
R x P ch
Q R4 ch

Ri
KKti

22

(b)

(c)

Q R6mate.

No. 96. Played in the Ireland v. Yorkshire Correspondence


Match. R. ARCHER (Cork) v. J. W. Parkins (Bradford).

4
5

6
7

B4

KtxKt
QKt-Kts

10

KxB

PxP

ii

Kt

Q-B 3 B-KB 4
,

KR 3

KKt5

KKt

Kti

Point out a better move.

Show

97.

good reply

Curiosity.

Kts

KKti

RxPch

to

3 ...P

B-Q 3 (c)
K R2
KxR

K6 ch

Q R5

(c)

No.

Ki

(b)

15
16 Kt

(b)

Kts ch,

PxB
B-K 3

KtxP
B x Kt
P B3

B4

13

12

Q4

(a)

R3

If

(a)

P
ch

Q4

9 Kt
9

KtxP

BxPch

0,5.

Resigns.
ch.

Kt 3

KING'S

KNIGHTS OPENING.

Four Knights' Game.


No. 98.
4

LEUSSEN

B-Kt 5

v.

Duras.

49

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

50

Four Knights' Game.

The following

No. 100.
P.

H.

J.

interesting

game was played

round of the open tournament


O'Connor v. F. D. YATES.

first

Kts

at

in the

Bromley.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.


Four Knights' Game.

51

MKMORABLK CHKSS GAMKs.


Greco's Counter Gambit.

No. 105.
3
4
5

QB 3

BxKt
Q RS

V.

Pollock.

PxKP

KtxP
B KKts

6 Kt
7

Bl.ACKBURNK

P-Q4
>4

ch

Kt

KB3
K2

P-Q3

BxB

Kt3

KtxKtP

PxKt

10

QxPch

K-Q 2

No.

106.
3

Won

n
13
14
15
16
'7

...

KB4.

Tournament game 1888.


R Bi
Qs
B K2
P B4
Kt

BxP

PxP

QxPch
B

Rsch
Bx Rch

QxQ

by H. G. CANS, South

Shields.

K
R

Ki
B2

KxB
Resigns,

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

53

Greco's Counter Gambit.

No.

Won

08.

by R. D. OOMWALA (Calcutta Championship

Tourney).
3

4 Kt x
5

64
P
RS ch

KtxP

Q-K 5 ch

(a)

" at

!"

gx

(a)

KB3

to Kt

Kt ch

KS cli
B7 mate.

ii Cj

KtxB
B Q3
K K2

while Black's are


has Black gone wrong ?

pieces in play,

Where

Won

P-Q4

BxP

K-Q2

Philidor's Defence.

No. 109.

Q4

Kt3
Kt

White has

home

PxP
P

by W.

P-K4, P K4
S.

DANIELS.

2 Kt

all

KB3, P-Q3.

Lud-Eagle Prize

Game

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMES.

54

Phllidor's Defence.

No.
3

Won
P-Q4

10.

by

F.

WRIGHT.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

55

Philidor's Defence.

MoRPHY.

NO. 112.

Kt5(a)

PxP

12

KBs(b)
Q K2
P 63

13
14
15

Q4

PxP

BxKt

SQxB
B

QB4

7 Q
8 Kt

9
10

Kt

QKt3

QB3

(c)

KKt5

PxKt

KtxP

(a)

(b)
for the

A bad

Kt 4

defence.

Better

BxKtPch(d)
QKt

O O O
RxKt
R Qi
R

(d)

Q8

K^

B
KtxQ

Kt x

mate.

PxP.

This does not defend

moment

the KBP, but only hides


suggest a true defensive move.

White could win a Pawn here

(c)

refrain

RxR

BxRch
i6Q KtSch
17

Q2

R Qi

how

Why

it

does he

The

rest follows precisely, right

any rate when Morphy


No. 113.

Won

84

Q4

KtxP

Q-R 5 ch

B 7 ch

by

J.

is

playing White.

M. DOULTOX.

up

to the

mate

at

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMKS.


Philldor's Defence.

Won
B-B4

No. 115.

by GEOKGE EASTGATK.
Kt

KB3

I.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.


Petroff's Defence.

No.
3

8.
Won
Kt-B 3

1 1

by R. STRAUSS.

57

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMKS.

58

Petroff's Defence.

No. 121.

Won

by T. C. RUTLRDGK.

P-Q

3
4
4 Kt x F
5 B QB4

Kt

Improve,

No. 122.
3

4
5

Q-K 5 ch

C;

Q 4 (h)
KxKt
K Kj

10
it

x Kt ch

Q 85 ch
g QKts mate.

by C. F. PRIDHAM.

KtxP

Q.4

Q K2(a)
KtxP
Kt-QB 3

B
Kt

KtxKKt
KtxP

Q4

7
8

K3

9 Kt

B6 mate.

(a)

Improve.
Point out where Black goes wrong.

Russell

awarded the
Chess Club.
3

KtxP

v.

Kt x P
x Kt

QB 3

(b)

No. 123.

K-O.2
^3
Bj

B
K

Improve.

(b)

Won

?
?

6KtxP
7 Q R5ch

(a)

(a)

P-Q 4

Px P

BLACK.

The following game was

brilliancy prize in a tourney of the

Brooklyn

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Petroff s Defence.

No. 124.
3

Hubert

KtxP

v.

SMITH.

59

MEMORABLE CHKSS

6o

(iAMKS.

Pawn Counter Gambit.


P-K4, P K4; 2 KI-KB3, P-Q4.
Queen's

The following interesting game was played in


the Go-as-you-please Tournament of the Liverpool Chess
Club. Mr. P. F. BLACK v. Mr. K. Spence.
No. 126.

Kt x P

P-Q4

B-Q.3

PxP

BxKt

B-QB 4
Q-R 5

O'x

Ktsch?
9 Kt BS

B
R

QxP

10

K-Oi
Kt-B 3

Q x P ch

7
8

White makes two

02

Won

PxP

12

R Qi
BxKtch

QxB
BxB
K Bi
B Kt4

QxBch

13
14
15
16

17

QxRch!!

Kt-Qs

R-Q*
B;

Kt
Kt

Q2
K4 ?

Resigns.

Ki

inferior

Point them out.

INo. 127.

11

by MAROCZY.

moves, Black three

at

least.

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

Scotch Game.

... ,

Kt

QB3

3 P-Q4,

61

Px

P.

No. 128.
The notes
Played in Paris, 1860.
Dr. Lasker in the " Chess Player's Scrap Book."
v. ANDERSSKN.

B-QB 4

4
5

O O

7
8

Q Kt3
BxPch

63

B-B 4

ii

12

Q3
KKts

13

B x Kt

Kt4

Kta

QxP
Q Ka

14

Bi

Q-Q 2

Q-Qi
P
B

are by
Kolisch

Kt

Kt3

Q6

K4

Q R6

15
16 Kt

RxB
P Kt5
BxKt?(a)
Q2 (c)
P KKt4(b)
17 Resigns.
If 9 P x B, Kt
(a)
63 and Black has the better game.
This bold advance is of extraordinary power. Q K6
(b)
can now be defeated by R Kt3. It paves the way for the
9

PxB

10

decisive entry of the Black Kt at

Pawn

KB3, which now

at

is

1<4,

and marks the weak

deprived of

its

mobility,

as

the aim of Black's attack.

Nobody who would cast a casual glance on the


(c)
position would suspect that on the next move the resignation
of White is forced.
A model game by Black.

Cedar Rapids (1910).


No. 129. From Magyar Sakkvilag.
Black, H. BURDE.
White, W. Oilman
;

4 Kt x

SKtxKt
6

7
8

O O
R Ki(a)

Q3

Kt

63

KtPxKt
B 64
P 0,4

10

O O

(a)

Suggest a better move.

(b)

Why?

ii

12

PxP
KxB
K Kti
B K3
K Bi

13
14 Resigns (b).

BxPch!
Kt

Kt5 ch

Q Oj

QxPch

KtxBch

MEMORABLE CHKSS

62

(iAMKS.

Scotch Game.

No. 130.

C. WARDHAUGH v.
contest for the Chess

4
5

QB4

o O

Which

are they

Won

131.
5 Kt

B K3 B
Kt-Q2
B

R4

10

KS

Q6 ch

QKt

Resigns.

the most popular continuation. AlternK3 and 5 Kt KB3. If 5 Q Q3 Alapin


6 Kt
;
83, B
Kts ; 7 Kt x Kt, BxKt;

Kts

QPx Kt

Won

132.

B
P

QB4

'

>

4,

Ka

QBxP
KS
RS

Q
KtxP

(b)

4
6

(c)

What

(a)

Ktsch(a)

PxP

PxP(b)
Kt

Kts

9 P

...,

...,

6.

What

is it ?

by T. E. BKOWN.

B3

7
8 Kt

11

B4

KB4, P

(b)

10

QB3

9 P KS, Kt Kts
B3 winning a pawn.
Black has a better move at move

B,

Q-K4

63

4
5
6

9 Kt

Kt5ch(b)

suggests Kt

Px

RS

QxKPch

(a)

5 Kt
atives are 5

No.

14

Kt

Kts

(a)

ii

12

13

Kx

K KS
PxBch
Q B3
g B3
K K4
Q Kt3 ch
Q Qs mate (a).

by Mr. E. SCAMP.

KtxP

in

loser.

in

Played

Black walks straight into a mate, but he had a lost


any case. There are at least 4 bad moves by the

(a)

ame

ii

KtxB

BxPch
P

No.

10 Kt x Kt

KB3

Paton.

Kts
Kt3

N.

Championship of Scotland.

B B4
Q3
Kt K4?
B KKts
K Ka

6 Kt

W.

Kt

B3

Ki

KR3

RxKt

12
13

14
15
16
17
1 8

Q x R ch
g KlSch
B
B

Q3ch

P
P

B3ch

Bi ch

Kt3ch
87 ch

Q
i9QxKtPmate.

K
K
K
K
K
K
P

R2
Kt3
Kt4
Kts

RS

R4
Kt3

B Kts ch is not as good a move as B 84.


P x P too is weak. Q 83 might be tried.
alternatives has Black at

move 9

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

63

Scotch Game.

Won

No. 133.

by W. H.

S.

MONCK.

4 Kt x P

64

1 1

Q-B 3
BxB

12

B-K 3

6 Kt

Kts

PxB

Q
Q
B

9
10

Kt4

(a)

KKt3

64

B4
Where

answer

Q Qi

6
7
8

9
10

K2

P-QB 3

K Bi
QxKt
Q 63

Q8 ch Resigns

(a).

did Black go wrong, and what is White's


Kt2.
If 16..., K x B ; 17 Q x Kt.

Mrs. HOULDING,

P-B 3

QKt-B 3
BxPch!
KtxQP
QR Qi

to i6...K

No. 134.
Glasgow.
4

Q3

K4

Kt

13
14
15
16

Newport, Mon.,

Q-Kt 3

Qs

Q R2
K Qi

12

O O

B
B

Kts

Kt

63

KKt5^

KR3

BxKt

OxB

BxKt
QxP

Kt5

QxB

13 Kt

Miss Crum,

B3

Kt

Q3

ii

PxP

QB4

v.

14 KtxPch
15
16 Kt
K6 ch
17 Q
67 mate.

QxP

R3

PxB

Bi

Black loses too much time in development in order to win


a pawn instead of 12..., P R3, Castles might be tried;
but Black would have to return the pawn with the worse
position as well.

No.

135.

4
5

6
7
(a)

Played at Berne in 1904.


Kt 63
8

QB4

P-K 5

P-Q 4

BxKtch
PxB
KtxP
B R3
KtxQ BxKBPmate.

B QKt5
Kt KS
10
KtxP
B-QB 4 (a)
7 ... B QB4 is a weak move B

What is

'

White's correct continuation

Q2 should be played.

MKMORABLE CHKSS GAMES.

64

Scotch Game.

Won

No. 136.

G. HOXVKLI. SMITH, Eastbourne.

S.

by

B B4
4 Kt x P
BS
Q B-j (a)
5 Kt
P KKt3
6 Q Kt4
Kt K4
KKts
7 B
8
4
3
Black has a far stronger
(a)

alternative for 6...P

4 B
5 Kt

QB4

7
8

R5
64

O O

Kt
If

(a)

Bi

K2!(a)

PxP

Kt

...,

Kt

K4
K4? 7 Kt

gBxKt, PxB;

State the moves.

(c)

Won

7
8

H. BLACKBURN'S

Q Qi

Q5
B6

Kt

Kt3

KxP
KxQ

PxP
QxKt(R6)ch!

KtxPch

White announced mate


five moves (b).

K6

icQxR,

What improvements on

4 Kt x P
5 Kt
Kt5
6 Q 63

15
16

(b)

No. 138.

Bi

than 5 ...Q
B3, and a
the better moves.

in 1874. J.

O O

QB3
6

Name

13

P Q3
P Q6ch

85
10 K Ri
11

Kti

Kty mate.

12 Kt

64
RI

Kt

Kts

9 P

move

KKt3.

No. 137. Played at the Hague


H. W. B. Gifford.

K2

Kt
Kt

Q-B

Q-B

v.

Kt ch

12 Kt

good

Qx

xoQxRch
nQxKtch

x Kt

R4
in

QxQKt,

etc.

Black's part can be suggested

by H. E. BIRD.

Q KS
!

KtxPch

KtxR
B

Q3

charming game. White appears


after his 7th and 8th moves.

to

have no alternatives

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPKNING.

Scotch Game.

...

Kt-QB3

65

3 P-Q4, Kt x

P.

No. 139.
4
5

6
7

KtxP
B QB4
O O
B Ktsch

P
P

K"3

Qj(b)
Q2(c)

884 preferable.

(a)

Only

to

9 Kt
10 Kt

Why

QR3(d)

K K2

86 ch
0,5

mate.

What
game ?

very bad move.


(b)
tactics at this stage of the
(c)

8 Kt x

QB4('a)

Kt

be immediately

should have been Black's


lost.

should have been

moved.
Ignoring the obvious double check and mate

(d)

Scotch

Game Declined, 2 ..., Kt QB3 3 P


move except P x P or Kt x P.
;

Won by J. S. B. TAYLOR.
South Africa.

No. 140.

p
QKt

4
5

P
P

Q5
84

6 Kt

(b)

A
?

R4ch

Q4, any

Dordrecht,

KtxQP

Qa(c)

QKt5

R3

mate.

could have been taken

needless move.

in

passing.

...,

What

should have been played

Q Q2, but smothers K and leaves


Therepoints requiring immediate attention.
Kt3 or Kt Kt3 should have been played.

Preferable to

unprotected
fore 8

it

7 Q
8 Kt

at

two.

better supporting O_P.

instead
(c)

K2

QB4(a)
KR3(b)

Of no use since

(a)

Much

83

P
P

Q3

Played

in

QP

MEMORABLE CHESS

66

Alapln's Opening.

No. 141.
2

Won

P KB4
4 Ktx P
K2
5 B

7 K
8 Kt

O
Ri
83

KB3

(b)

K2

(c)

PxP

P-K4, P-K4

Kt-K2

by A. CAKTIKR, jun., Montreal.


Kt

...

C,.\M!.S.

Q
B

QxP
B4ch

O O
Q K2

(.)

KING'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

King's Knight's Opening.

Won

No. 143.

B
183

64
Q3

(a)

KB3

Q3

Kt

O O
P

KR3

ii

Kt B3 (c)
Q 2 (d) Kt KR 4

12

(b)
objectless.

Q
Q

13 Kt

To

(d)

Requiring immediate attention.

No.
i.

KB3.

Won

PxB
Kt

Kt2

R Ki
K Bi
K Ka

KKt5

Rych
R8ch
Qs mate.

allow withdrawal of B, but too

144-

2 Kt

of attack, though apparently

(c)

reply

BxKRP
QxP

10 Kt

1<3 (b)

The initial mistake.


Commencing his plan

(a)

P-K4, P-K4

by George EASTGATE.

2...
3 Kt

67

by ZUKKKTORT.

late.

What

is

the best

SECTION
Queen's Knight's Opening,

Vienna Opening.
No. 146.

TSCIIIGOKIN

II.

K4,

P-K4;

P-K4, P-K4;
v. Allies.

"A

2 Kt

QB3.

Kt-QB3.

brilliant

game, which

the student will find especially interesting, as pointing out


one of the weaknesses of the Vienna Opening." Notes (h lo
"
Lasker's C'lit-ss Magazine."
d) from
2

...

II

QUEEN'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

69

Vienna Opening.
No. 148.

D. Burnett v. R. H. V. SCOTT.
Played in the
Middlesex County Individual Championship, First

Round.
Kt
3

P-Q4

KB 3

13

KtxKt(c)

RxKtch

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

70

Vienna Opening.
No. 150.
2

L. Paulsen v.

Kt

...

3
4

QxP
P

Kt

7
8

B4
K2

BKRGKK.

PxP

Q4

B3

B-K2

5Q-Q3(a)
6

J.

KB3

Kt

(b)

16

Q4

17
1 8

p QR 3
Q-Q2 (c)

Kt 5

10

PxKt

P-Q 5
BxP

11

Q Q3

P-QR4

K Bi
BxKt

K2

BxB

QKts

Q-Kt 3

P x Kt
R Ki

PxP
Q

Kt x P

KBs

P x B (d)
20 K Qi

Q-B 7 ch

19

21

Q Q$

Resigns.

(b)

Which is the best square for the Q ?


What course ought White to pursue now

(c)

If

(a)

adopt

9 Kt

63, what alternative

Black

line of play could

(d)

How

...

could Black meet 19

MIESES

No. 151.

v.

B4

QxR

KBi

Schrader.

Kt

g Kt4
QxP

B3

Q Ktsch
Q Ksch

12

13
14 Kt
i
5

gB3
B4

Q4

PxB
g

7
8

9
10

g4

Kt5

PxB
B x Kt

QxP
KR6
K2

Kt
Resigns

(a).

Kt4

State the primary cause of the loss of the game,


correct.
(a)

No.

[52.

...

J.

Mackenzie
Kt

B4

PxKP

5 Kt

6 P
7

(b)
(c)

(d)

KB3
^4

KtxP

B3
QR3(a)

P-Q 4

(a)

v. F.

Kt

QB^

HOLLINGS.
8

KtxKt(Q4)?

9 P
10 Kt
11

B OB 4
Ktx^QP

would Black reply


?

B-?

R5ch
P
Bjch

Kt x

Kt3fb)

B'ack mates

KxB(c)

in three (d).

Point out a stronger move.


What would follow 9 K K2

How
How

and

to

Q2

QUEEN'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

II

71

Vienna Opening.

Won

No. 153.
2

by MIESES.
Kt

...

64
RS

B
Q
B

Q3

Kt

Q3

White mates
(a)

Find Black's

(b)

How

...

P
P
6 P
4

Won

Kt Kts
Kt 87(3)

(a)

This

(b)

Show

(c)

Why

No. 155.
2

fatal error

Kt6
ii Q
two moves (b).

63

KR3

Kt
Kt

KR4

Ki
83

PxQ(a)

and correct.

by D. T. G. DIXON.
Kt KB3
8 B
KKt$
B 64
9 Kt Q5
F Q3
10 Kt
K7cb(c)

R5

10 Kt
in

Kt

83
KKts

64
Q3
84
85

B K2
O O

Kt3

No. 154.

7 Kt
8 Kt

KBs

KtxP

loses.

ii
12

Qz(b)

Q R$
K Ri

RxB

BxP

QxR

and mate

in four

follows.

Give the correct move.

a good reply to 8 ..., Q


Ki.
this rather better than 10 Kt

is

Ostend Tournament.

Won

by

J.

B6ch

MIESES.

MEMORABLE CHKSS
Vienna Opening.

(iAMKS.

II.

QUEEN'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

73

Vienna Opening.

No.

158.
2

...

4
5

Won

by

MAX

FISHER.

KBa
PxP
Kt 63

Q4

QxP
Q_K 3

KKt3

KS

Kt

KR4 (b)
B K2

7 Kt

8 Kt
B6 ch
9 Kt x Kt

Kt

Q5

12
13

KR6

(b)

Suggest a stronger move.

(c)

Why

159.

P _B 4

7
8

O O
Q Ki

9 P
11

12
13

Ki
Bi
63
(c).

Salve.

v.

Kt

KB3

14
15
16

P-Q 4

KtxP

63
K2

10

PKHMS

PxKP

5 Kt

Bi

Dr.

...

P
Resigns

Point out the two best defences here.

Kty!

K2

P x Kt

ioQ R6ch

nQB

(a)

(a)

No.

QKts

Kt

QB3

17
18

19

B K3 (a)
B B4ch
KtxKt

03

20

K Ri
P Q5
PxKt
Q Kt3(b) R Ki(c)
Kt Kts
B KBi

I'

PxPi.p.
P 87

21
22

KtxB
R B6!

23
24
25

Q B4
R KBi

RxQ

(c)

Suggest a stronger move.

Why

(e)

not i6...P

KKt3

this threaten

(e)

Qi

KR3 (d)
K Ri
P KB4

PxB

Bx P

What does

What does

B x RP

(b)

(d)

K4
Kt R7

Point out a better line of play.


?

Kt

(a)

this threaten

g Q2

134

B-B 3

RxKt
Q Q3

PxR

Kt2

Resigns.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAM!

74

Vienna Opening.
No.
match
by

J.

160.
The following brief game was played in
of the Universities v. City of London Clubs.

R. Ross (City).
...

the

Won

QUEEN'S KNIGHT'S OPENING.

II

2 ..., Kt- QB3; 3 P-B4,


B3, P KKt4; 5 P-Q4.

Pierce Gambit.

4 Kt
No. 163.
5

...

O O

7
8

11

BxQ

17

B
P

PxQP
PxKt?
RxP
PxP

9
10

KKts
B7ch

13
14
15
16

Q.4

KKts!

Is the sacrifice of the

Steinitz Gambit.

No. 164.

R Kich
B

K 63
B Q3

D. Spankie (Dundee C.C.)

Q5 mate.
?

2 Kt
v. J. S.

QB3, Kt QB3 ;
5 K K2,
HILL (Newcastle-

C.C.).

6 Kt
7 Kt

KB3
Qs(a)

BxP

9 B-Kt 3
10 Kt 63

Q3

ii

Kt5

12

PxP

O O O
R Ki

13

Q-R4

15

(b)
(c)

in four

Show a sounder line of


What would happen if

How

KtxP

RxBch
B4ch(b)

64

Black mates
(a)

PxP

KS

BxKt
K B2 B
K Kt 3

14

63

RxPch

Q-R5 ch

Q4,

Qa!

PxB?

Queen sound

4 P

Ktsch

BxR

P-K4, P-K4;

P B4, P x P

Kti!

BxP

PxP;

QBxP

12

Kt5

PxKt

64

75

moves

(c).

play.

14

K Q2

Hampe-Allgaier Gambit.
Kt QB3 ; 3 P-B4,

PxP;

K4, P-K4; 2 KI-QB3,,


4 Kt-B3, P KKt4 ;

5 P-KR4.

No. 165.

An

elegant

little

game played

at

Moscow "between

PILLSBUKY and an amateur.


P KtS

the late H. N.
5

...

6 Kt
7
8

KKts

KtxP
P

Q4

9
10

BxP
B K3

11

KKt3

White mates in three moves (c).


This and the subsequent moves of the B are not commendable. Point out a better move.
(a)

(b)
(c)

What
How?

is

the effect of this

SECTION
King's Bishop's Opening

Berlin Defence.

No.

166.

P-K4, P-K4;

P-K4, P K4

Brilliant

Black,

III.

B-B4.

B-B4, KI-KB3.

and Beautiful Game.

White, Amateur;

GKOKGK H. DKKKICKSON.

"
It is strange, but nevertheless true, that once upon a time,
Master George
Philadelphia possessed a great chess player.
H. Derrickson waa a youth who po>sessed the most brilliant
and precocious chess talent, and upon whose shoulders it \\as
thought the mantle of Morphy was about to fall. But soon,
too soon, grim Death called him from the checkered field on

which he had won so many brilliant victories, it is now


nearly 50 years since he passed from earth, yet there may be
found in many books examples of his great genius as a
composer of fine problems and a player of beautiful games.
"

The

following example contains a magnificent finale, the


which is rarely met with at the present day."
(" Montreal Herald").
of

like

"

recommend

this short and instructive game


a brilliant
water to our friends for close examination. It
demonstrates in beautiful harmony the valuable qualities of a
I

of the

first

-chess player

clear position judgment, bold, far-reaching


combination and decisive action at the right moment. What
renders the game all the more valuable, is, that White's
mistakes are not at all of an cxtraordinaiy nature and that
Black's tender of the B is not a mere trap, but a correct and

sound

sacrifice."

3 Kt

P
B

Q3

6
7

R2

(e)

KKts

B4

B x P ch

12

RxB

PxRch

13

K Bi
K K2

R R8 ch
R x Q (g)

PxP

14
15
16

Kt6

17

(c)
!

76

KKt5

BxQ

1 1

KR4

KB3?(f) Kt

10 Kt

(a)

KKts(h)

KR3
PxB(d)

9 Kt

63

B
P

(E. Lasker).

Kt

KB3

KKt

KxR
K

Bi

Qa Kt
Kt
Kt

Qsch(h)
K6 ch

K7 mate.

KING'S BISHOP'S OPENING.

Ill

77

Berlin Defence.

Notes by Lasker.
If KtxP, White could through 4 Kt
83 transform
(a)
the opening into a variation of the Petroff's Defence. Should
Black play 4 ..., Kt x Kt 5 >Px Kt follows with a powerful
;

attack.
(h)

KKt's

Not good, as Black need not he afraid of an open


B 1<3 or P 83 was the right move.
The strongest reply and the initiation of a deep

file.

(c)

combination.

White accepts the offer, reiving upon Black's Q


(d)
howbeing locked out through the pinning of the Knight
ever, if White were not to take the offered B, it would entail
a precarious position for the first player. We consider the
;

8 QKt
following as the strongest continuation
Q2, Q Qz
for
[Black threatening B x RP with an irresistible attack
If 9 P x B, P x P
10 Kt
the B cannot be taken.
Ki,
or 10 B x Kt, PxB;
B K3, Kt KKts
P Kt6
ii Kt
R2, P Kt6; 12 Kt Kt4, O O O and wins. If
White allows Black playing 9 ..., B x RP 10 Px B, Qx P ;
if
followed up by Kt K'5 is fatal
9 B x Kt, P x B ; and the
open file for the Rook will be decisive.] 9 K Ra, O O O;
and White has after P QKt 4 P R 4
10 P 83, QR KBi
That Black in
and Q Kt3 chances for counter-attack.
correct position judgment has foreseen the efficacy of his
attack, is worthy of the highest merit, the more so as White's
game with its many variations lias a number of apparent
resources, the fallibility of which, however, is proved on
close examination.
:

(e)

Q4,

P x P would

not have sufficed either.

With K
>2!
Kt4 was better.
RSch, etc., however, the second player would still
maintain the upper hand, whilst 10 ..., KtxP;
BxQ,
R2 would lose for
PxPch; 12 RxP, Kt Kt6
13 Kt
Black. The second player has now a grand coup at his
disposal a little surprise for White's B.

A weak move,

(f)

and

Kt

(g)

This

is

where the fun comes

voluntary loss of his


of White's Q.
(h)

own

Q, effects

in.

now

Black through the


the compulsory loss

The magnificent game now winds up with

Kt mate

in two.

a pretty

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMKS.


Berlin Defence.

No.

167.

T. KIXG-PAKKS.

gB 4

12

K3
QKti

13
14
15
16

17
1 8

19

Black announced mate


(a)

What

is

one.
(b)

How

the effect of this

Q g R3
K

KB4
P

Q-QB 3
P

QxKt
O O

KKt3
Ri

g-K3

BS

Q-KKt 4
P

B6
Kt5

64

in three (h).

move?

Point out a better

Ill

KING'S BISHOP'S OPENING.


Berlin Defence.

No.
3

4
5

Won
169.
P-Q4

PxP

Kt-KB 3
O

6
7 PxPi.p.
8

9 Kt

Ka
83

by A.

CURNOCK.

79

SECTION

IV.

P- K4,

P-K4

King's Gambit.

P-KB4.

King's Gambit Accepted. 1 P-K4, P-K4 ; 2 Pfollowed by any move except 3 Kt KB3 or 3

Won

No. 173.

3
5
7

B
R
K

PxP
PxP

KKt3

4 Kt
6

OKCHAKU

by Mr.

KBj

B4
P

Kt
Kt x

K.2

The removal

B-B4.

(Australia).

.8

HxP

9 Kt

QxB
Q KR4

B3(b)

icKtxKt
1
K B2

KB3
P

KB4, PxP,

R8 ch

(c)

QxQ

(a)

Wliite mates in two.

Q4

Pawn from

the hoard must


(a)
involve Black in difficulties, having regard to the R in the
second rank.
6...P Q% would have been good as in
preparation for the advance of KP and pioviding an outlet
for

of

this

QB.

(b)
(c)

Winning
A useless

the Kt.

check, seeing there

is

nothing to follow, and


What should

that a double check by White is impending.


have been Black's line of play at this stage ?

W. Green

No. 174.
3

4 Kt
5

KB3
B4

RxP

7
8

P
R

KS
K2
K3

v.

A. Y. OAG.

PxP
PxP

KKt3
Kt

10

ii

QxKt

Bi

(a)

12

K2

(c)

B Q3
KtxP

13

Q3

(d)

QB 3

14
15
1 6

Q K2
K Qi

(a)

In anticipation of 6 Kt

(b)

needless move.

It

BxRch
R

QxB
Q

R3

RS ch
63
B 85

Kt

K Q2

Ki

(e)

K8 mate.

1\5.

should have been 10 Kt x Kt.

(d)

K Qi best.
What moves would

(e)

Wliite might have done better by 14

(c)

Kt x Kt ch

(b)'

have met the attack

K4.

...

MKMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

82

King's Gambit Declined.

Won

No. 177.
a ...
3 Kt
4 B
5

KB3
B4

by FRANK SHRUBSOLE, Faversham,


Kt KB3
B 84
7 Q x B

Q3

KKts

(a)

K Bi

Ktsch(b)

With the object


Ify and 6 P

(a)

then

8 Kt
9 Qx
10 P

KxB

BxPch

6 Kt

65 mate.

..., BxKtan unnecessary exchange.


have played instead ?

Ka best. If 8 Kt K6
KB3, securing a good attack.

No. 178.

R.

Loman

v. S.

Kt
3

4
5

6
7
8

9
10

Kt-QB 3

PxKP

(c)
;

mistake

Q3

12

Ka

PxKt
K Ri

Merely
(a)
should have been
A.

11

P-B 3

K Ba

made
;

9 KtxKtP,

KtxP (a)

13

K-Ri

14
15
16

QxKt

17
8

PxP

QxP

B B4ch
R x R ch

BxR

KtxKt

Q-Bi

B4

(b)

B-Q 3

(c)

B-K3
R

instead

Ki

B-BS

QKt4

19 Resigns.

What move

win an inoffensive Pawn,

to

KB3

O O

KtxKt
B 64 ch

ch,

BILLINGS.

P-Q4

Q-Ki

(b)

W.

KtxP
Kt-QB 3

Kt-B 3
B Ka
O O

BxB

What

if

Equalising Bishops.

(b)

Kt

5 P
R3,
Otherwise
should Black

of pinning the Kt, but


Kt4 frustrates this.

(c)

(c)

K Ka
K x Kt

K6ch
P ch

point out the best reply.

preferable though losing the


3 relieving the pressure.

for

if

17

IV.

KING'S GAMBIT.

King's Gambit Declined.

83

MEMORABLE

84

GAM PIS.

CHP:SS

King's Gambit Declined.

Won

No. 181.
3 Kt

4
5

Kt-B 3

Kt-Qs?

QB3
KR3

7
8

KtxF!

BxQ(b)

O O

Yi ELDER.

P-Q 3
Kt

KB3
64

W.

by F.

Kt5(a)

BxPch

9 Kt

K2

Q5 mate.

(a)
Having prepared for Kt Kt5 by his 4th move, this
How should Black
pinning of the Kt was a waste of time.
have played now ?
(b)
Succumbing to the great temptation. Black's best
reply was the obvious B K3-

GUNSBERG.

No. 182.
2

....

3 Kt

4 B
5 Kt
6 O

Kt

12

Kt5

13
14
15

QB 3 (a)
Kt

63

PxP

83
KR3(b)

QKtxP

7
8 KtxKt!!
9 B x P ch
10 RxKt
11

P-Q3

KB3
84

BxQ

17
18

K2

19

(b)

Q4

or

Q-R5
K-Q5
K K4
P-B 3

ch

RxB
R

KBi

KKt3

Qx

PxQ
BxQP

KxB

KKt3
KtPch

PxKt

and mates next


move by P 0.4.

KxKt

Admitting of 5 B x Pch,
x B. Why not played ?

(a)

B Q2
B K3

KxR(c)

Qsch

Kt

16

P-Q 3 (d)

6 Kt

Ktsch,

K2 would have given Black

Ki

a preferable

position.

Not P x R, for then mate by Kt Qs.


White played a daring game, but the pressure had to
(d)
be relaxed now, and this was Black's opportunity. What
(c)

should he have played

SECTION

No.

P K4, P

V.

King's Knight's Gambit.


K4; 2 P-KB4, PxP; 3 Kt

KB3.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

86

King's Knight's Gambit.

No.
3

185.

F.

J.

LANSING

4684

5OO
P

B
P

KR3
*

PxB

7
8 Kt

63

R. A. Hart.

10

Kt

KKt

Q4

12

BxP(B4)
i3BxP(Kt3)

Kt6

15 Kt

Kt

Q2

Kt5

PxP

83
Kt

83

KR4(b)

Ki

v.

P KKt4
P Q3 (a)

...

Kt

(c)

Kts

67

(d)

KtxQ
K K2

:4BxPch!
Qs mate

Faulty. White has two pieces in the field and is in a


(a)
position to attack, while Black has none, and no defence

How

prepared.

should he play

(c)

With the object of opening his


Weak. Name better moves.

(d)

Wrong

(b)

No.
3

86.

again.

Won

best

by

sacrificing B.

why ?

by D. WALKER.

P-KKt 4

...

PxB

file

KB 3

Kt-Ks(b)

84

KR3(a)
White mates

(a)

KKtP

(c)

Name

in 5

moves,

(c)

being already supported by Q, this move is


wrong since it is superflous and restricts KKt's movements.
What move should have been played, and why ?
How should this attack be met ?
(b)

187.

them.

MlESES

Q K2
Q QB2
Kt

K2

(c)

QxB

K4

PxP
Q-Qi
Resigns.
(a)

Name

(b)

The

moves
(c)

a better move.

Either of
serious mistake of the game.
might have been played. What are they ?

As White has

played here

to save his

Q what

should

two other

Black have

KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT.

V.

87

King's Knight's Gambit.

No.

P KKt4
B Kt2

Gavelsberg.

QB3(a)
P Q3

12

63

13

QxB(B 3

Q4

Kts

Q Kts (b)
BxPch

Kt

R4

14
15

64

5O0
P
9

v.

P 63(0)
Q Kts
QxKKtP! B x Kt (d)
B RI
QxP

...

6
7
8

PETERS

Played in Barmen.

88.

Kt

Weak.

(a)

frustrates

this

How

better.

10
ii

K Br

BxB
KxB

BxKtch
Q 67 mate.

with the object of going to K4,


for additional command of K4,
should Black have played now ?
If

if

Requiring immediate support for KBP.


Since
this or Kt
QB3 would save the Kt,
(c)
was not an attack on it.

P
P

Q4
Q3

(b)

Black's
(d)
better ones.

No. 189.

nth

KB3
Q4
Kt R4
P

63

PKS

(a)

7
8

B K2
O O!(b)

Q4

9 Kt

KKt4

Kts
Kti

R
B R3

Ki
Q3(c)

10

11

R Ri
BxRP?
Kt-QB 3
Q_Q3
PxP preferable.

12
(a)

weak.

all

Name

NYHOLM.

v.

Kt

...

4 Kt

moves were

Kt$

Played in the Abbazia Tournament.

Lowtzky
3

to I3th

K3

13
14

P
B

6 Kt

17

PxB
B

Kt4

(c)

(d)

Why

Name

I.

Kt

Kt6
Kts

BxR!

Smith, No. 193.

a better move.

PxP

21 Resigns (d).

Compare with game won by E.


1

R4
R3

19

Best where

was.

QxP
R B2
2oRxP
1

Q RS
O O

B5

156x8

(b)

it

QR3

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMKS.

88

King's Knight's Gambit.

No. 190.
3

E.

J.

POLGI.ASE

v.

H. Moss.

V KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT.

89

King's Knight's Gambit.

No.
3

4
5

6
7
8

9
10
(a)

P.S.W.

192.

C. PLATT.

v.

KB 4 (a)

...

Kt

64?

QB3

PxP

O O
R Ki

P Q4
B Kt5(b) B KKts
PxB
BxKtch(c)
P KR3
P KR4!

PxB
An

PxP

unusual

move

in

ii

Kt

12

KtxKtP
P Q4
B K3

13

14
15
16

Q R$ (d)

KS

PxB
BxKtch
Q R8 ch

KtxP
RxB

17 Resigns.

K.G. games, unsound because

it

White

to

leaves Black's K side diagonals open and permits


develop on the usual lines by P K5.
(b)
(c)

64 ch

BxPch!

Kt3 better.

Wrong

What

again.

should have been played

sound move.
B 64 ch first was not as good
(d)
though having its possibilities. How ?

No. 193.

Won

...

p_Q 4

by E.

I.

P
a)

SMITH, Croydon,

KKt4

10

BxKt

Q4

ii

12

PxP(d)
K Kti

13

KtxP

P Ks(b)
B Kt2
P Kt5(c)
B Q3
Q Rsch
7 KKt
Qa
Bi
Kt KR3
8 K
Kt 64
9 P 64

(a)

14

QxB

15

Bi

BxB
B

Q6ch
P

B6

PxKt

Q
P

K8ch

87 mate.

Premature.

PxP preferable as allowing of B 64 later.


This commences the attaek. What might White have
played with ultimate advantage ?
Name the
Neglecting the defence altogether.
(d)
(t)
(c)

necessary move.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

90

Cunningham Gambit.
No. 194.
4

3...,

B K2.

Won by A. W. O. DAVIKS. Brilliancy prize


last New Zealand Championship Tourney.

884

Kt

KRs

at the

V.

KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

92

Keiscrltzky Gambit.

No. 200.

H. BI.ACKBURNE (White) and F. A. Johnson and

J.

A. Lewis (Black).
....

Q.4

PxP

7
8

Kt

12

Q4
KB3

13

KtxKt

QB3

loPxKt
ii Q
K2

BxKt

(a)

Mention a possibly stronger

(b)

What

No. 201
5
6
7
8

B4

! x

12

Q4

63
Ktsch

o-O

(c)

(d)

Why

(a)

Kt3

Resigns

and 18

RxP!

Q 3 (a)

15

BxKt
Q B3

16

R4

K2

...,

(b).

K3

KtxR
P

Kt6

Kti

18

(c)

PxP

K6

i7BxKtP!!
Q 67
19 Q x R ch

K Qi(b)
B x Kt

Kt4

K4

Resigns

(d).

a preferable move.

E. P.

SHARP (Reading)
Kt

v.

Qa(a)

13

14

Q3

13

Kt R4
Q4
Kt QB3 Kt Kt6(b)
BxP
Kt x R

Kts

14

ii

...

9
10

Kti

KB3
P Q4

Bz

Kt4?
K R2

line of play.

Point out a better line of play.


follows 15 ..., Q
R7 ch

What

No. 202.

B6!

KR4

QxRP

Name

(b)

7
8

Q
B
Q

Kt

PxB

(a)

KKts
K3

KB3
Q4

PxP

B 84
P

v. Belaieff.

Kt

...

9 Kt
10

STEIN ITZ

...,

17
18

0(a)

follows 18

PxB
QBxP

14
15
16

KtxP

84

9 Kt

Kt2

B4

PxP

12

W.

C.

QBS

Mention a better move.

(b)

Name

(c)

Why

(d)

White mates

better moves.

is

this

move

objectionable

in three.

How

KB 4
O O

KR4

O O O QB x Kt

isQxB!
16

Cray (Brigg).

KKt3
Q K2
Kt K4

(c)

Kt 87
Kt x R (d).

KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT.

V.

93

Keiserltzky Gambit.

No. 203.

A. Curnock v. R. P. MICHELL (City


Championship Tournament).

...

KtxKtP

PxP

7
8

K 62
K 63
KxB

9
10

Kta

ii

P Q4
Q K2ch

12

K
B

13
14

R Ki
K R2

B Qsch
Bxktch

Kt

R
K

R3
Ktsch

Resigns

Londoa

of

Kti

Bi

Kt6 ch

Kt

Ktsch

(a).

63 ch

Point out White's fatal mistake, and give the correct

(a)

move.

No. 204.
5

...

P
B

7
8

SHARP

E. P.

v.

B
Kt

Q4
84

PxP

9 Kt
10 Kt

W. M.

ii

KB3
P Q4

12

O O

QB3

Kt

(a)

K2

Brooke.

Kt2

R4

63

(b)

B6

QxP

BxKt

13 Kt
64
14
15 Resigns.

PxB

Kt6

Q 83

(a)

Name

(b)

Suggest a possibly stronger continuation.

a sounder move.

Muzlo Gambit.
3

....

KKt4,

Won

No. 205.
...

QxP

7
8

J.

PxP

9 Kt

83

10 Kt

K4
Ri

Q4
B R3

Kt

K2

Q Q5ch
B

Kt5, 5

POLGLASE,

Q B3

Q3

by E.

PxKt

11

4 B-B4 P

12

13
14
15

Q
R

KKti

K
B

KR3

17

63

(a)

R5

R2
Kt5ch

84

Black announced mate


(a)

Suggest a better move.

(b)

How

O O

(usually).

Bristol.

in 5 (b).

BxKt

R
P

Kti

B6

PxPch
Q Kt2

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

94

Muzlo Gambit.
No. 206.

Won

...

QxP

7
8

QxP

K Ri?(a)
Q Ksch

by A. E. HILL.

PxKt
Q K2

Q 84 ch

QxB

K2

V.

KING'S KNIGHT'S GAMBIT.

95

Salvio Gambit.

3
No. 208.

....

P KKt4; 4 B-B4, P Kt5; 5 Kt

Won
Devon

5
6

Bi

7 Kt x Kt (a)
8
Ki (b)

9
10
ii

12
13

K2
83

Q-Qi
P-Q3
B

63

by Dr.
v.

Sussex.

F.

POLLARD.

K5.

Correspondence,

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

96

Rice Gambit.

Won

No. 210.

Ki

10

Q4

RxB

11
12

by H. A. TAILLEUKK.

K3

13

BxKt

14

Bx

Kt x

(a)

Kt

QB}

O O O

Kt

15 Resigns (h)

QxP

Ki

(a)

Premature.

(b)

Why

10

Rx B

is

correct.

Mlddleton Counter Gambit.

P KKt4; 4 B-B4, P Q3; 3 O-O, B-Kt5


6 P KR3, P KR4.

...,

Won

No. 211.

by

J.

PxB

7
8 Kt

Ki!

83!

10

Q4

F. LANSING.

PxP(a)

12

Kt6

13

Kt

Q2

QBxP
BxP(Kt3)!!
BxPch

14
15 Kt

KKt

B3(b)
11 Kt
Kt Kts
63
What does this threaten
(a)
(b)

Point out a safe continuation

Q5 mate.

Kt

Bj

KtxQ
K K2

SECTION VL
King's Bishop's Gambit.
1

P-K4, P-K4;
Modern

Classical

P KB4, PxP; 3 B-B4.


..., Q
R5 ch.

Defence 3

"THE IMMORTAL GAME."


White, ANDERSSEX
Black, Kieseritzky (1851).
Remarks and notes by John A. Gal breath.
The subjoined game is the most celebrated and by
universal consent the most brilliant game on record.
It has
appeared in almost every chess column, and in most
collections of games, and has justly been named " The
Immortal Game."

No.

"

212.

Age can not

wither, nor custom stale

its infinite

variety."
in London in
the
first
after
international
tournament, between
1851, shortly
the winner of the first prize in the tournament, the great
It is

one of a

German

series of off-hand

master,

Professor

games played

Adolf

Anderssen, and

Lionel

Kieseritzky, the celebrated Livonian player, long a resident


of Paris.
At the time this game was played Kieseritzky was
regarded by many as the finest player in Europe.

Q Kt3
Q-Kt 4

Kt

Kti

Q-B3

B B4
QxP(c)

BxR

QxRch
Kt

White mates

QR3

moves (d).
This defence to the Bishop's Gambit is said to have
(a)
It was elaborated in a
been an invention of Kieseritzky.
pamphlet by Mr. Thos. J. Bryan, an American amateur, long
a resident of Paris and a close friend of Kieseritzky.
Mr.
Bryan was a player of considerable ability and occasionally
played with Mr. Howard Staunton, and other masters.
in three

The defence has long since fallen into desuetude along


with the Bishop's Gambit itself and other risky openings.
G

97

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

98

King's Bishop's Gambit.


move of a profound combination, the
(b)
primary object of which is to entrap the Queen.
" From now on to the end of the
game," as Mr. Steinitz
"
commented, occur a continuity of brilliancies, every one of
which bears the stamp of intuitive genius that could have
been little assisted by calculation, as the combination point
arises only at the very end of the game with a final sacrifice

The

first

Queen after Prof. Andersscn had already given up two


Rooks and a Bishop."

of the

Before playing the game further, the reader should


(c)
endeavour to determine what Prof. Anderssen's next move
was.

game Lasker says


not very difficult to understand why the
Immortal
Game between Anderssen and Kieseritzky should appeal to
the popular mind.
Besides the enormous sacrifice of material
by White, there is the rare occurrence of all Black's pieces
on the board when he is mated
" The effect of the tremendous labour of the
annotators of
this game must ultimately result in removing it from the
singularly high position in which it has been fixed. The
demonstrable fact that White missed a certain win, and that
later Black missed a certain draw, practically remove the
game from the classics."
Of
'

this

'

It is
'

With all respect to Dr. Lasker, we regard his remarks as


sheer nonsense. They amount to this, that if Dr. L. or the
learned annotators had had the handling of either of the
forces the game would not be this game, but something very
" Immortal "
would have
different, and instead of being
terminated a brief existence in the W.P.B.
can easily
imagine the result if some people had the touching up of a

We

few masterpieces

in poetry, painting, sculpture, music, etc.

No. Doctor, we judge the game as it actually stands, not as


it might, would, could, or should have been
A game perfect in every detail may be very beautiful, but
most likely a very tame affair. Oh for the days when
players took risks and fought like men, and were not afraid
!

to sacrifice a

Pawn

dry modern school.


(d)

How

in a

Gambit as are players

of the cut-and-

KING'S BISHOP'S GAMBIT.

VI

99

King's Bishop's Gambit.

No. 213.

...

K Bi

6 Kt
7 Kt
8 Kt
9

15

Kta

16

Q R4

17
18

Px P
Bx P

B
P

83

12

Q Q3
Q Kt3
Q Kt4

13

QxPch

10
11

14

KKt4

Q3

K O.i
B K3

Qs!(a)

P
P

21

22

Kt

M. LEPGE

4 K Bi
5 Kt QB3
6 P Q4
7 Kt
63
8

9
10

11

Kt2

K2

Kt

R4
KR3

Kt3

PxP

BxR
QKt

Q4
Owing

first is

to

15 ...,Q

R3

63

(b)

15
1

17
18

KBxP!!
KtxKtP

QxB

B 4 (c)

Q
Kt

RS

BxP
R

KBi

19 Kt

67 ch!
Kt5ch

21

QxBch!
R B8 mate

Kt3

R3

PxKt

20
22

K Qi

Kt 5

13 Kl
i

Q x Kt
O K2
KtxQ
!

preferable.

Black's omission of

cramped but he should not allow Kt


(c)

M. Saalbad.

KS

v.

Rsch(a)
P KKt4

Kti

12

(b)

KR 4

PxP
RxRch

(a)

How

Kt 83 may be worth attention.


W. now mates in 4. What if 19..., Kt

...

K Ki
K Bi
K Kti
mate.

Kt5,

16...,

No. 214.

(d)

Kt

Q2

(c)

(d)

83

Q6ch

This should have been prevented.


What happens if ..., P x Kt ?

QxPch
B

(c)

QxR
QxR

23 Kt

Kts

Kts
B; ch

(b)

(a)

62

20 Kt

QB3

PxKt

PxB

19 Kt

Kt4(b)

1879

PxB
PxP

PxP

Q R5ch

g4
KB3

in

Budapest

Herr Szen.

v.

KR3

at

game played

sparkling

DR. VIDOR

Kt3 seems stronger.

QKt5-

Q4 he

is

badly

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

IOO

King's Bishop's Gambit.

No. 215.
3

...

Won by J. E. RANDALE
games) with Dr. Lasker.
Q R S ch

in

simultaneous play (24

VI.

KING'S BISHOP'S GAMBIT.

101

King's Bishop's Gambit.

No. 218.

bright game,

won by Mr.

C..S.

HOWELL,

at

simultaneous performance.
3

...

4 Kt
5

6 Kt
7

KB3
Q4

P KKt4
B R3 ?
P Q3

83

O O

Kt

Kts
Q2(a)

9 P
10

KKt4

R4

PxPi.p.

BxQ

KtxP!

White mates in

moves (b)

Note the contrast in development all White's pieces


(a)
good positions, and all Black's doing nothing.
:

in

KR3

(b)

How

SECTION VIL
2 P

Centre Openings. King's Pawn. 1 P K4, P-K4;


-Q4 or 1 P K3 or 1 P K4, any move except P-K4.

Centre Gambit Accepted,

Won

No. 219.
3

QxP

7 Kt
8 Kt

KKt3

B
KKt

(a)

10

Q-Q2
Name
What

K4

K4, P

P Q4, P x

Kt2

13

K2

14
15
16

Kts
R 5 ch

P.

Q QBs
Kich(c)

K Qi

Qx
B
B
B

17

Kt3
Q 4 (b)

12 Kt

KtxKt
Kt

ii

O O

K2

PxKt

(b)

QB3

Q5

9
(a)

Kt

QB3
63

by P. A. McMAHox.

K3

5 Kt

Kt

QxQP

Bx

K2

Q3
1<2

Kt

B6ch

QxPch
Q x B mate (d).

a better move.
is

the result of this

move

Mention one that

is

probably better.
(c)

Indicate the line of play

(d)

What was

Won
QxP

No. 220.
3

4
5

7
8

11

Kt-QB 3
Kt-B 3

12

...,

Qx

Kt.

O O

KB3

O O

Kt

16

K4

BxKt

KtxKt
Q2(a)

Q KR3
K Ri

game

Kt

Kts

17
18

BxPch
P

Q-Q
QxP

Kt-K4

3
13
14 Kt 83
15 P
Kt3 (c)

B Q3

64

9 Kt
10

12

W. COOPER

by F.

Q-K 3

6 Kt

if

the general fault in White's

19

(b)

Q-R 5

KtxKt
Q R6

Q KR5
QxQ
B K2
B KtSch
B R6ch
K Kt2
K Ri BxRmate!(d).

Q4!

The

Why

?
initial mistake.
" Instead of Px B
gaining a piece, I played Kt K4,
R5 and mate in a few moves." (F.W.C.).
giving the P for Q

(a)

(b)

(c)

What

(d)

Mate otherwise

result

if

15
in

P x Kt
three

moves from

102

17.

VII.

CENTRE OPENINGS.

KING'S PAWN.

103

Centre Gambit Accepted.

No. 221.
3

C. G. Williams,
Played by correspondence.
Macon, Ga., U.S.A., v. E. Rotan Texas.

QxP

MEMOKABLK

104

Centre Gambit Declined. 2

No. 224.
2

Won

by

...,

HKSS (JAMKS.
Any move

other than

G. HAKUJSON (Manche*ter C.C.)


6 H Q2
P Q4
B

J.

...

7OOO
B

PxP

PxKP

3
4 QxQch(a)
5 Kt 0.83
(a)

K x O.

O.Kt5

KB4

BxKt(b)

Ktsch

R Q8

PxP

Ki

mate.

What advantage does White gain by

this

exchange

If played at all should have been played


Inconsistent.
(b)
in reply to White's 6th move.
What should have been played
instead ?

No. 225.
2

3 Kt

Won

Kt

(a)

Q Q6

83

10

BxKtch

ii

Kti(a)

12
13

Q Q8

Kt

R3

Kts

QB 4

KB3

K Qi (c)
K K2
Q B8ch
B Q.6ch

QB3

PxP
PxB

by GUNSBERG.

...

R 4 (b)

Why

(d)

Black cannot

4
5

mate.

9
10
(a)

(b)
(c)

Meet the

now

save himself.

Danish Gambit Accepted.


; 2 P
Q4, P x P ; 3 P

P-K4, P K4

A lively game, played


ROSENTKKTER.

PxP

QB4
BxKtP

6 Kt
7 Kt

Ifc

Ktj

Mention a better move,

mistake.

(c)

No. 226.

Qi(d)

K
K

(b)
Overlooking the purpose of White's move.
attack in the best way.

QxPch
QxRch

63

KtxB
Q Kt3
K K2

BxPch

13
14
15

QxP

(a)

Q x R ch
Q Kt7

Sacrificing the

What
What

Kt

16
17

Kt

63

if

12

White's reply to 14

KB3

Won

by

K Bi
KR3(b)

B RS
R Kti
Q K6!l(c) P KKt3
B R3ch
K Kt2
K 62
Q KS ch
g K7 mate.
!

for a strong attack.

is

...,

Blankenbury.

ii
12 Kt

Ktsch

Q Kt4
BxKtch

Q2

at

QB3, PxP.

....

PxQ

CENTRE OPENINGS.

VII.

KING'S PAWN.

105

Danish Gambit Accepted.


No. 227.

Played
v. F.

Q-K. 3

Kt

Q-B2

12

Kt

KR

Bi

Prevents

(a)

Q2

CAPABLAXCA

Kts
14 Kt
15 P
KR3
16 BxKt!

K2

O O O
Q Ki
P B3

19
20
21

.,

B4 now.

KKt

Kt-Q4

13

17
18

63

(b)

KR3
33

O(c)

Kt-Qs

played

Q3

KB3

10 Kt

Imperial C.C., London.

PxP

B QB 4
BxKtP(a) P

4
5
6

IT

at the

Downey.

Kt(Kt 5 ).K4

KtxPch!
KtxKtch

QR
B

Kts

Q R4

QPx B

Kti (d)

BxKt

Q-Ki
B-Q3

Kti

Ktsl

BxB

Resigns.

W hen could
7

it

have been

Black had no pieces in the field and should have lost


(b)
no further time in developing them. 5 ..., P Q<\ is preferable.
(c)

Find a useful move for Black here.

(d)

Why

Won

No. 228.
4
5
6

B-QB 4
Kt-B 3

Q-Q5

BxKt
B QBi

Q-KR5

10

KtxKt?

not 17...,

K Qi

by C. HAMMOND.

Kt-QB 3

K2

(a)

R3
O O (b)
Kt

Kt
Kt

Kts

87 ch

KtxR

(a)

A cramping move B 64

(b)

The only escape from immediate mate.

(c)

What

(d)
(e)

or Kts better.

is perhaps better ?
a
State
preferable move.
Work it out, and find a i6th

prevented

this.

move

that

would have

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

106

Danish Gambit Accepted.

JANOWSKI and SOLDATENSKOFF consulting against

Xo. 229.

Dr. Lasker and Taubenhaus.

4
5

6 Kt

10

O O
BxKt

11

Kt x

12 Kt

13
14

15 Kt
16 Q
17 B x

Kls ch
Kt

63
KS
K2

7 P
8 Kt

PxP

B QB4
B x KtP

KBs
K2
KS

20

BxB

21

19

22

(a)

QxP

0.5

Ki

Q Q3

Q-R 5

P-QB 3

23
24

Q
R
Q
Q
R
Q

Name

a probably safer move.

(b)

What

if

(c)

(a)

No. 230.
4
5

(a)

E.

R8 ch
Kich

(c)

mate

82

K Bi
Kx R
K Oj
!

PxP
P

PxP
K
Q
R

RxB

K7 ch

Q4ch

MACDONALD.

QB4

Kt
8 Kt

11

...,

K x B (b)
K 83
K Kt2

neat finishing touch to a highly interesting game.

BxKtP

9
10

17

R4ch

Q4

KKt3

Q x Kt

iSQxRPch

Kt
Kt x Kt

O O

87!

R6
P ch

Kt

KB3

63

:Q

Bi
Kt3

Ki

Q4
KB3

Ktsch

K2ch

O O

P QKt3(a)
Q 84

12 Kt
13

14
15

KtxKt

K4

RxKt
P

Q6

Kti

i6QxB
17

QB3(b)
B R3

83

84(0)

K
R

iSQxPch
19

R K8

Ri
Kti

RxQ

mate.

Point out a better move.

What would be more so ?


commenced with 14 P

(b)

Not very

(c)

Black's difficulties which

useful.

are pressing now.

What

should he have played here

Q6

VII.

CENTRE OPENINGS.

KING'S PAWN.

107

l P
K4 P K4; 2 P-Q4, PxP;
3 P QB3.
No. 231. Herr Guzar, Geneva v. Dr TUFFLI, Massans.
The following game was awarded the brilliancy

Danish Gambit Declined,

prize in a Swiss correspondence tourney.


3

...

Q-K2(a)

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

io8

Danish Gambit Declined.

MIESES

No. 233.
3

4
5

KP x P

7 B
8 Kt

Kt

KB3
Ka
63

B-K 3

13

QB3

14
15
16

KKts

O O O
Q QR 4

BxBch
QR Bi(b)

17
18

19
20
21

BxB

KtxP

Kt

What is probably better ?


What does this threaten !
Black must now begin to defend

(a)

(b)
(c)

KKt 4
O.xB(a)

Q2

R4
Kt3

Kt

83

Kt

HxKt

Kt3

KR3
Kt-R4
R 83

B-QB 4

O O
11 Q
Kt3
i2BxKt
10

KtxB
Q x BP

Q4

QxP

PxP

6 Kt

Wolf.

v.

...

Q-Q 3
Q

(c)

0.4

Kt BS
Kt 6ch (d) Resigns

R3

in earnest.

Black ought to have sooner prepared for this obvious


(d)
When and how could he have done so ?
threat.

No. 234.
3

Won

KPxP
PxP

Q K2ch

Kt

(a)

instead
(b)

by T. H. LAMBEKT.

QB3

R Qi
9 QxP
R Qz
loQxKtch
ii B
QKts B gB4(b)
12 B
KS
Q K*
13 Q x KB
Resigns.

Q4

QxP
Kt

KB3
B K3
QxQP(a)

Kt 63
Ktsch
Somewhat premature.

What should have been

This attack

is

easily met.

Give a better move.

played

CENTRE OPENINGS.

VII.

KING'S PAWN.

109

Danish Gambit Declined.


No. 235.
3...
4
5

MIESES

PxP
PxP

6 Kt
7 Kt

QB3

Q4

QxP

KB3

63
K3 (a)

9
10

QR3

PxB

11

12

Q
O O

13

Dus-Chotimirski.

v.

Kt

Kt

83
QKt5

O 6
Bx
Kt

Q3
Q2

R4

Kt

QxKt(c)

iQQxR

23

24

65

RxP

P K4!
i8Kt Kts!
21
22

Kt

KtxB

17

KKtS
Ki

BxB

Kti

i6PxKt(b)

20

QR

isQxB

Kt ch

884

What

14

Kt

Q x KtP
K Ri

R Ki
KtxKR
Q 67

QxBP

RxKt
Q QB4

K6 cli

Resigns.

perhaps, preferable ?
Opening the way for an attack by R on KBP.
A desperate move, giving White advantage in piece

(a)

(b)
(c)

values.

is,

Find what would be probably better.


1 P
K4, P K3.
H.
E.
BIRD
The
Black, J. Mason.
White,
following example was awarded first prize for
brilliancy in the "New York Clipper" Tournament

French Defence

No. 236.

of 1876.
2

3 Kt

Q4
QB3

4PxP
5 Kt
6 B

83
Q3

7
8

Ki

o- O
R

9 Kt
10 P

QKt5(a)

13

63
Kt R3
Kt 62
P Kt4

14

11

12

15 Kt
16 P
17 P
18 Kt

19

KR3

Q4
KB3

PxP
B Q3
O O
P KR3
Kt

B
B
B

63
QKt5

R4
KKt5

Q Q2

B Kt3
B KR 4

KS

KR

Kts
Kt4

Kt

K2

Kt3

K5

QR4

20

PxP

21

B
Q

22

P
Kt

R3
62

Ki

Bi
83

PxP
Kt
Kt

KS
Kt4

23

24
25
26

RxB
PxB

QxP

KtxPch

BxKt
B

K R2
Q BS

27
28 Kt

29
30

Kt

Kt

B x RP
R KBi

R6

RxQ

PxR
KB4

34 Kt(B 4 )
35 KtxP
36 Kt(B6)
37 R K3
38 K Kt2
39 P B6
40 R x BP

(b)

62

Kt2

RS

RxB(c)

31 R
32
33 Kt

85

K3

Kt6

Qi

Q
R

Bi
Ki

82 ch

(d)

QxP

KS

41 R KKt3
42 Kt Kt4
43 Kt 84 (e)

Kt

Q Q?

QxQP
PxP
Kt K3
Kt Kt 4
K Kt2

Ksch

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

io

French Defence.

R2
44
45 Kt Rsch

Kt

48 K Kt2
49 Kt KS
50 Kt Kt6ch

Rz(f)

Ri

Bi

Q 67
Resigns
46 RxP
R Kz
47 Kt(Rs) B6
The manoeuvres of the QKt, together with the subse(a)
quent advance of the Pawns on the Queen's side, are truly
'

Birdian."

then 28 Kt x Q, and if R
Kj 29 Kt x BP, etc.
of
a
bold
out
scheme
if Black takes
The carrying
(c)
the Rook White would not reply 31 KtxP on account of
Q 62 ch but probably Kt Kt6.
If

(b)

QxQ

RxR, then 36 Kt K7 ch, RxKt


37 KtxR ch
(d)
winning Q. If 35 ..., QxR then 36 RxRch and mate next
move. 35 ... KtxKt looks very dangerous, for White replies
36 Rx'Rch, QxR; 37 RxKt, threatening to win the Q by
R B8, and with the mating position still in view. The move
adopted by Mason was supposed at the time to be the best
and most prudent reply. Bird, Modern Chess."
Every move is an attack and demands excessive
(e)
Bird.
vigilance on the part of the second player.
If

'

It Kt
B6ch
(f)
winning the Queen.

No. 237.
2

J.

Q-Kt 4

KKt

KS

K3

O O

ii

KtxKt
P 84

(a)

Q2

QB3
QR3

Q3

io
12

Kt

83

62

B
B K2
B 84
Kt x

very remarkable move.

PxQ?
(b)

What

if

20

if

QxR

46 Kt

RS ch

L. S. Cornell (Chicago C.C.)

P-QB 4
PxP

BxP

7
8 Kt

v.

Q4

Kt-KB 3

Kt-QB 3

45 RxKt, and
Bird.

HOUTKLIXG

R.

P-Q 4

...,

RxQ

VII

CENTRE OPENINGS.

KING'S

PAWN,

in

French Defence.
No. 238.

Won by
C.C.

P-Q 4

"

J.D.," of the

Communicated by

Kennington and
C. O. Loyd.

S.

Lambeth

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMKS.

112

French Defence.
No. 240.
2

Won by W. E. GIBSON (Black)


Correspondence Tourney.

Q4
Kt-QB 3

7
8

KB3

84

PxP

n
12

B
B

13

Kt

63

B-Q2
Black to mate

(a)

How

No. 241.
2

BLACKBURXE.

P-Q 4

P-QKt 3

14
15

R3

O O O

Q2

KtxBP

Q-Kt 4
B-Q2

10

P-QB 4

KKt

4
5

9 Kt
Kt

in the Britisli

K3
B2
83
K2

KtxKt

in five or less (a).

Chess

Kt-g.5

Q-Kt 3
KtxP
Kt-Kt 5

R Bi
KtxPch

CENTRE OPENINGS.

VII.

KING'S PAWN.

113

French Defence.

BLACKBURNE

No. 242.
2

3 Kt

4
5

Kt

B KKts
BxKt

6 Kt
7

Q4
QB3

v.

Boys.

Q.4

KB3
K2

BxB
O O
Kt-B 3

83

B-Q 3 (a)

BK2

P
P

KB
KR^(b)
10 Kt KKt$

Px

ii

KxB(d)

BxPch

White mates

in six

63
Kt(c)

moves.

A screened attack on the RP. How should Black


(a)
play in anticipation of 8 P K5, which blocks QB ?
(b)

Why?

Gaining a piece but opening up for KR, and inadvisable in view of all P x P involves. What is safest ?
(c)

(d)

Black cannot

No. 243.
2

Won

P-Q 4

now

avoid mate.

by WINAWER.

Fill in

the moves.

MEMORABLE CHESS

114

(JAMES.

French Defence.

Won

No. 244.

by G. BKIHOKK.

Q4

3 Kt

'

4 Kt x P
5 Kt
KB3
6 B QKt5

Kt

Kt2(b)

(b)

Ignoring the obvious Kt

Won

No. 245.

6 Kt

K2

O
P

KR4

10
ii
12

BxB

63

7
8

9 P

Q4
KB3

Kt

QB3

B KKts
BxKt

B6ch

QxPm.

by H. E. BIRD.

Q.4

3 Kt

11

K$ in conjunction with the


should have been played ?
State the correct one.
suicidal move.

10 Kt

What

at Kt5.

H x Kt
K K2
KB3 (c)
B x Kt

KS

BxKtch
P
Q Ka

why

Faulty

(c)

,x

Q2 (a)
QKt3

(a)

7 Kt

Q4

PxP

QB3

13

B4(a)

14
15

PxQP

Q3

KS

Kt

B x Kt
K Kt3
K B4

Ktsch

PxBch
Q Rsch
P

Kt4 ch

R2

K2

KxB

BxPch

KxP

mate(b).

What does this ignore, and what should have been


(a)
played instead ?
Which move

(b)

No. 246.
2

4
5

Q4
Kt-QB 3
B
B

PxP
Q
g

(a)

(b)

(c)

1 1

(a)

12

00

KR 3

PxB
Kt

Q R8ch
gxP
Q KS ch

13 B
14 Kt
15
16 Q

What

is

K2

K-Q 3 (c)
K
K

Ktsch

63
Kt3

K R4
KxKt

R4ch

684 ch

Ktsm.

should have been played instead and

Clearly showing
file.

R2

R Ki
K Bi

RS

open R's
move.

B-Kt 5

x Kt ch

What

by F. W. YIKI.DER.
Kt KB3
10

Q3
KKts
KR4(b)

6 P
7

Won

led to this

why

willingness to sacrifice B in order to


best for Black in view of P
KS ?

Exposing himself to repeated checks.

Give a better

CENTRE OPENINGS.

VII.

KING'S

PAWN.

115

French Defence.
No. 247.

A.

J.

MACKENZIE

P-Q 4

3 Kt
4
5

P-Q 4

Kt

KPx

(a)

(b)

(c)

Weak

move
(d)

9
10

Pis

ii

12

Q2(b)

KKt

KB4
...,

PxP

QxQP

C. \V. Wilkins.

P QB 4
BPxP(a)

QB3

PxQP
QxP

v.

63

13

O O O
R

Q-KI 3 (c)
P

view of 9

What

is

preferable

O.

Play

Black's

best

here.

Because immediate mate can only be avoided by

losing the Q.

Centre Counter Gambit.

No. 248. Prize


2

QR 3

K2
Q B4
64
Kt Bi
Q K2
Kt R4 Resigns (d).
Ki ch

better.

self-blocking move.
in

Q-B 3

PxP

Brilliant.

Won

P-K4; P

by E. H.

SHAW.

Q4.

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMES.


Centre Counter Gambit.

MIKSES

Tartakower. (From the Carlsbad


winner received half the third
brilliancy prize of 100 crowns).
Kt
2 PxP
KB3
14 R
KBi(d) B K3(e)

No. 249.

J.

Ktsch

PxP

P-Q3

P-B 3 (a)
PxP

B4

7
8

B-K 3 (b)
PxB

Q-B1

10

Ka

K4

QxP
QxR?
O

17
18

R x R ch
Q B4ch

21
22

KtxKP(c)

KtxP!

BxB!

20

Kts

B-B

PxB
KxR

Q 67 ch
Q B8ch
Q K7ch
QKt

64

23

K-B 3

24

25

Kt 3

K-R3

Tarrasch recommends 3 ...B


4
5 P-KB 3

(a)

B-Kt 5

Q B6

Kt-Q2

16

19

Q-Kt 3
Kt

13

15

B-QB 4
BxB

x Kt !
12 Kt
KB3
11

S.

v.

The

Tourney.

Ki

(f)

K Qi
K B2

K-Bi (g)
Q x BP ch
Q Q8 ch
K8 ch

O.

Resigns.

Q2, and

if

84,

Suggest a stronger line of play.


Tarrasch
thinks this the cause of the loss of the game,
(c)
but Schlechter does not agree. The former favours io...O O.
(b)

What would be the answer to 14 Kt x KBP ?


considers this the losing move, and suggests
Schlechter
(e)
14... Kt
Q2 15 BxPch, RxB; 16 Kt x R, Kt 63 17
(d)

Kt

B K3.
What would

KS,
(f)

(g)

2i...,

No. 250.

Allies v.

PxP

Kt-QB 3

Q4

Kt-B 3

O-O(a)

(a)

K2

follow 18

Kt3

is

...

K2

a stronger move, but

White should win.

MIESES.

QxP
Q-QR4
Kt

KB3
Kts

000B
Kt

a better continuation
Suggest
^

in

view of the threatened

VII.

CENTRE OPENINGS.

KING'S

Centre Counter Gambit.

No. 251.
2

3
4
5

6
7
8

Won

PxP
P
P

by ZITZOWITZ.
Kt

QB4

Q-R4 ch

KB3

KtxP

Q4
Kt

Kt5

QKt-B 3

P QKt 4
P Qs
QxKtP(a) Kt Bj ch
2
K Q2
B
P x Kt B 84 ch (b)

PAWN.

117

MEMORABLE CHKSS

(iAMKS.

Sicilian Defence.

No. 253.
2 Kt

S. Millekin

KB3

v.

\V. K.

RUDOLPH, New York.

CENTRE OPENINGS.

VII.

KING'S PAWN.

119

Sicilian Defence.

No. 255.
2 Kt
3 Kt

4 P

Won

by HERR Grosz (Buda Pesth).


Kt QB3
8 B
K3

KB3
B3
Q4

Q-B 3

Q_Kt 3

P-K 5

(a)

A weak

(h)

White mates

No. 256.
2 Kt
4

KtxP

(a)

(b)
(c)

(d)

"

by

KKt K2
Q6 mate (a)

Kt

65

6 Kt

gB 3

P-K 4

P-QR 3 (c)

6 Kt

B3

P-R

7
3
8 Kt x P

PxBP?

QB4

Kt

K2

BxQ

(d)

W.W."
P

Q4

What

"

Kt$

in this opening.

Suggest a better move.


What would be more to the point
White mates in two. How ?

by

B-R 4

the best square for the

Won

game.

OLD SOLVER."

P Q 3 (b)
P QR 3

Q3

K4

(b)

M'Cann.

QB 3

Kt

B-B 4 (a)

No. 258.

(a)

v.

PxP
P

Won
KB 3

Name

Kti

Q-Qi

State the chief cause of the loss of the

4 P
(a)

Kt

Q4

No. 257.
2 Kt
3

How

in two.

M'GROUTHER

variation.

KB 3

QxBP

loPxPi.p.
ii Q
K4
12 Kt
Qs

KtxKt?(a)

6QxKt

B-Q 3

PxP

KtxP

P K*3
P B4

P-K 3

Q4

PxP
Kt

QB3

KB 3

700
B P
x

Kts

should be played here

PxP
PxKt(a)

mate.

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMES.

120

Sicilian Defence.

No. 259.
2 Kt

M. MARCO

v.

KBs

KtxP
B K3

6 Kt
7
(a)

G.

S.

Maroczy.

K3

PxP

P
Kt

Q2

QR3
KB3
P Q4

KKt

KS

Q2

Give a stronger defence.

No. 260
2 Kt

Won
KB3

by

F.

MESSENGER.

P
P

Kt

KB4
P

B3

loKtxP!
n Q RS ch
12

BS

13

Bsch

QB3

KKt4?(a)

P x Kt
K2
Kt 83

Resigns.

CENTRE OPENINGS.

VII.

KING'S PAWN.

Queen's Fianchetto Defence.

CHALUPETZKSY

No. 263.
2

B-Q 3

Q4

4 Kt QB3
5 KKt K2
6 P
KS
7 Kt

K4, P

QKt-K 2

K2

KP

10 Kt x

KB3
Q4

What would happen

Kt2

(b)

been
(c)

Q RS ch
PxP
B 67

Kt

Kt3

KB3

mate.

necessary here

is

K4, P

QB3.
following sparkling gamelet, played between
RETI, the young Hungarian master (White), and
Dr. S. Tartakower (Black), is taken from the

King's Pawn.

P-Q 4
PxP

Q4

4 Kt x
6

The

3 Kt

(a)

wins.

a better move.

Westminster Gazette

5
6

KB 4 (a)
B x P (b)

Centre Opening.

...

Bi

by JOSEPH AUFFRET.

No. 265.

if

64 and White

13 Kt

(b)

Won

QxPch

12

(a)

(a)

B 64
Q3
3 P
4 Px P
Name
(a)
What
(b)

Ktj (b)

P-QB 4
P x Kt
PxB

n BxPch

KKtQ2

Kt4

Suggest a probably stronger defence.

No. 264.

Kt2

QKt3.

Renvi.

v.

P-K 3
Kt

B4

121

QB3
P

Kt

Q3

PxP

Weak

Merely

7
8

63

(a)

10

QxKP

B-Q2

O O O(c)
Q Q8 ch

KtxKt

KxQ

R 4 ch(b)

Q
;

K4

Kt5 ch

Resigns.

give a better move.


to

recover the

pawn which need

not have

lost.

Securing

position.

at

What was

once a good defensive and offensive


Black's best reply

MEMORABLE

122

CHK.ss c.AMKS.

King's Pawn.
by D. JONKS.

Centre Opening.

Xo. 266.
2

Kt

Q4

B
P
6 P

4
5

Won

KR4
1\5

BxPch

(a)

Bad

(b)

How two?

in this

8 Kt

K3

Kt

KB3

03
B K2
O(a)

Kt

KxB
game.

Why

9
10

K4, Kt

Ktsch
R5

PxB

QB3.

K Kti
B x Kt
P B4

P Kt6 and mates


one move or two. (b)
11

in

SECTION
Centre Openings.

Queen's Gambit Accepted.

No. 267.

VIII.

Queen's Pawn.

Q4, P

Q4; 2 P

QB4, P x P.

Labourdonnais (White) v. M'Do\NKi,L.


and comments by John A. Galbreath.

Notes

The following is the fiftieth of a series of eighty-eight games,


comprising six matches, played at the Westminster Chess
Club, London, during the summer and autumn of 1834,
between those famous chess paladins, Louis Charles Mahe de
Labourdonnais. of France, one of the greatest chess masters
who ever lived, and Alexander M'Donnell, probably the
greatest player England ever produced.
The result of these matches are as follows Labourdonnais
won forty-four, M'Donnell won thirty, and fourteen were
drawn. It was the opinion of Paul Morphy that the games
of the series are incomparably the finest on record, and when
he commenced a chess column in the New York Ledger in
1859 it was hi s intention to publish the whole of the games,
with his own notes.
He did publish about a dozen, with
"
but the night came."
copious notes,
:

P-K 4

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

I2 4

The annals of chess contain no finer sacrifice than


Black gets two pieces for his Queen, and so fine a
position that it is considered no line of play could save the
game for White.
(a)

this.

Kt 64 wins the Queen and the game easily. Seeing


(b)
that the move he actually made is good enough, M'Donnell
probably did not take the trouble to look for a better one.
Queen's Gambit Declined. 1 P-Q4, P-Q4 ; 2
any except PxP.
No. 268. BLACKBURNE v. Lipschutz, played in the

P-QB4.

New York
Tournament of 1889.
When the game was adjourned (as Mr. Blackburn relates
"
in his
Games at Chess"), and he had made his sealed move
He
P Kt 6, " Lipschutz was asked how his game stood.
has a little bit of an attack/ he answered
But my two
passed Pawns must win,' a view that was endorsed by
Steinitz.
On opening the envelope, and finding my move,
'

'

Kt

RxP

6,

ch,

he

still

thought himself safe

came upon him

but the next move,


and caused the

like a thunderbolt,

greatest excitement among the spectators, of whom Steinitz


was one. He bent his head over the board, and would
scarcely believe that a mating position had been created."

2 ...
3 Kt

QBs

Kt

4 Kt

B3

Kts

7
8

K3
Bi

PxP

10

13

17
1 8

19

Kt2

QKt

Q2

PxP

O O

Q3

O O

KS
KKt4

Q-B!
P KR3
Q-Kt2

P
P

20 Kt

23 Kt

24
25
26

KS

QB4
B 4 (a)

29
30

ES

BPxP
Kt

63
Ki

B-Q 3

R Qi
P-QKt 4

White mates

K2

21 Kt
Kt3 (b)
22 Kt x Kt

27
28

Kt

Q K2
KR Qz
BxKt

14
15 Kt
16 P

QKt3
B K2

n B KB4
12

K3

KB3

Kts

K Ri
R KKti
Q Kt3(d)
P

Kt3

PxP

31 R
67
32 P Kt6
33 RxPch
34 Kt RS ch
35
7 ch
36 Q Q6 ch

in three

Kt5

Kt

Q3

R x Kt

BxB

K2

KtxB

Q-B

more moves.

QR KB2
R

B 4 (c)

P
B

QR4
Bi

RS

PxP
QxP
p_R 5 e
(

P R3
KxR(f)

RxKt

K-B 3

CENTRE OPENINGS. QUEEN'S PAWN.

VIII.

State

(a)

why

125

Queen's Gambit Declined.


this move is weak and suggest a better one.

White's only chance is an attack on the King's side to


(b)
prevent the advance of Black's dangerous Pawns on the
Queen's side.

What

(c)

(d)

attack

is the object of this move ?


The beginning of a combination.
the weak Pawns on the Q side,

(e)

At

(f)

What would

No. 269.

this stage the

Tempting Black

to

adjournment occurred.
K Ri ?
...

follow 33

A Capablanca
CAPABLANCA

Brilliant.

Molina.

v.

Played at Buenos Ayres.


Notes derived from those

of Capablanca.
2

3 Kt

7
8

B
P

Kts

BxB
B Q3
O O

11

PxP

12

BxPchl

13 Kt

15
(a)

(b)

17
18

B K2
KtxP
Kt x B (b)
P QB4
O O(c)
KtxP

PxP

9
10

14

16

Kt

QB3

K3 (a)
6 Kt 63
5

K3

KB3
QKt Q2
P 63

...

K
P

(c)

How

What would

(f)

19

20

QR

21
22

Q R3
Q Kt3
KR Ki
RxKt

Kt Q6
Kt(Q6)B5

K-R 3

Qi

to

Kt3

Q 82
K7ch(f)

Kt

QxQ

R
K

62
Ri ?
83

Resigns.

win a P

could Black avoid the ensuing combination


14

...

K4

lead to

Suggest a better move.


disastrous error, but the

Give the probable result of 23

...

PxP

24
25 Kt R7ch
26 RPxQ
27 Kt Kts ch
28 P 64

(d)

63

Kt

What would result from an attempt


Name a probably better move.

(d)
(e)

Kt3

84

Kt3

P K4
PxP(e)

23

KxB

Kt5 ch

Q Kt4
Q-Kt 3

Q R4ch
Q Rj ch

game seems

irretrievable.

K3,also of 23

...

Qa.

126

MKMORABLK

No. 270. A.

BURN

CIII^S C.AMKS.

Queen's Gambit Declined.

K3
KB3
QKt Q2
P

...

3 Kt

Kt

QB3

Kts

K3

6 Kt B 3
7 Kt
Q2
8 KKt x Kt

9
10

B
B

L. Forgacs.

v.

Q
Kt

P x Kt
P K4

R4
K2

B3
R4
KS

KB4(a)

n O O
12

B$

13

Kt3

14
15
16

B
P
P

17 B
18 Kt

B4
Qs

Q6
K7

Kts

CENTRE OPENINGS. QUEEN'S PAWN.

VII.

127

Queen's Gambit Declined.

No. 272. F. A. HILL


...

Kt

Kt5

Kt

63
K3

7
8

PxP

11

13

Kt

B
BxP(d)

14
15

63

17
18

19

(b)

23
24

What move

K4

QxQ

63

PxP

PxBch
K

Point out a better move.

62
Kt3ch

21

P
KtxKtP
P B 4 (e)

Kt2

22

K
K

B7
Kt6ch
64 ch

R2
KKt3

(b)

(c)

ch

20

(a)

the Q.G.D.

BxKt

KtxKt

Q K2
R 1?7
Q RS

P KR3
PxB(c)
Kt

B2
Q3

K3

KB3

B K2
O O
PxP(a)

QR3
KR4

10
12

Kt

QBa

BxP

P
9 P

Ezra Smith (Correspondence, U.S.A.)

v.

K4

BxP
KxP
Kt4

K K4

Resigns.

should invariably precede

...

Kt

QB3

in

Almost anything would be better than

this,

which

invites the following attack.


(d)

Suggest another strong move.

(e)

What would

No. 273.

follow 13

...

Ktx Kt ch

Played in the Masters' Tournament, Nuremberg.

SCHLKCHTER
2

...

v.

Przepiorka.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

ia8

Queen's Gambit Declined.

No. 274.
2

...

Won

K3

QB 4
?-Rjc QP

84

4 Kt

by Professor BKUEMNG.

QB3

Why

No. 275.
2

...

Kt

4 P
5 Kt

6
7
8

9
10
11
12

13
(a)

the

in

Played

Kt

K3
83
Q3

BxBP
P

eighth round of the Britisli


Richmond. Billings v. GIBSON.

KB3
P 84

QKt4

K2 (a)
QKt3

83

QR3
P x BP

Kt2

PxP
B K2
O O
Q Kt 3

Kt2

Bi

14
15
16
17
18

B-Q 3

(b)

K2

(c)

KR-Qi

KtxP
QxKt

KtxKt

KR
P

19 Kt

Qi
Kt3

KRs

Q R6

RxB

K4

BxKt

RxRch

2iQxR

BxKt

20
22

23

Q Q7

Bx B

63

R3

24 Resigns.

Give a better move.

The isolated
(b)
of the threat ...

KR

(c)

at

Kt

PxP
B
R

7 Resigns (b).

P-K 3
QB3

O O
B

PxKt
PxP(a)

Championship

Kt

KS

cause of White's loss and give

State the principal


(a)
correction.
(b)

Bx
B

is

now

a source of weakness in face

Qi.

What would be

the reply to 15 Kt

K4

VIII.-

CENTRE OPENINGS. QUEEN'S PAWN.

129

Queen's Gambit Declined.


No. 276.
v.

Played in the Tournament at Budapest.


G. Maroczy.

QB 3
PxQP

3 Kt
5

Kt

7
8

63
KKt3
Kt2

O.

DURAS

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMES.

130

Queen's Gambit Declined.

Won

NcT 278.
2

...

by R. MCDONNELL.

K4

ii

QB3

12

B 1*3
Q K2
PxKt

P
Kt

K3

4 Kt
5

KB3
PxKP(a)

B
Bx
9 K
10 B
7
8

KKts

13

KtxP

Q-B 3

14
15
16

B x Kt
B Kts ch
Bi
O O O
K Kti
Kt4ch
K2

B-K 3

KtxPIl

(c)

Kt

Q Q3
Q

(a)

Gives White a

(b)

Show

the probable result of

(c)

Name

a better square for the Q.

(d)

What

other

R3 ch

Suggest a safer move.

game.

move could be

B6

Kt-Q 5
RxB

(d)

x R
17
1 8
Resigns.

difficult

KR

K2
Ki

Kt

K4(b)

1 1

Kt

tried

83.

No. 279.
2

...

P
K3

4QxP(b)
5 Kt
QB 3
6

Q Qi

7
8

QxQch

83

(c)

K4

PxQP

(a)

Kt
Kt

K
Kt

R 4 ch

KB3
B3
KB4

QKts
Q Q2

10

PxKP

K4

n PxP
12

Kti Kt

13 K
14 K
15 Kt

16

KtxP(Ks)

Qi
K2
83
Q2

87 ch
Kt

(d)

B 7 ch

664

B Q6 ch
K6 mate

KxQ

(a)
Assuming the position of the second player
French defence, with a move in hand.

(b)

Give the correct play.

(c)

Suggest a safer course.

(d)

What

other

move would win

in

VIII.

CENTRE OPENINGS. QUEEN'S PAWN.


Queen's Gambit Declined.

No. 280.
2

...

Won

by H. L. JAMES,

K4

New

Zealand.

131

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

132

Queen's Gambit Declined

No. 282.
2

Won

Kt

...

3 Kt

QxP

(a)

QB3

7 Kt
8 K

B4
83

PxKP

K4
Kz

KtxP

Pawn Game

P
No. 283.

or

K3

Swiderski

P-Q 4

1
;

v.

P
or

Q Q6 mate (a)
game.

or Opening.

KB3
P-Q4, P Q3.

Q4, Kt
1

87 ch

Kt

Kts

State the chief cause of the loss of the

P-Q4, P Q4;

6 P

KB3

Kt

Kt3

Queen's
1

BAILEY (Manchester Chess Club).

by H.

SxosKO-BoROWSKi.

or

P-Q4,

CENTRE OPENINGS. QUEEN'S PAWN.

VIII.

Pawn Game

Queen's

No. 284.

4
5
6
7
8

9 Kt
10 O

KB3

P 83
B 64
P K3
QKt Q2
B Q3
P KR3

Kt

12

13

K Ri

QB3

14 KtxKt(Q7)
15 Kt
63
Ka
16 Q

B
O
B

Q2

KS

K3
63
K2

17

19
20
21

(a)

Ki
Ri ?
Bi

Kt

KB4

KKt4

R KKti
Q KB2
BxP
B BS

resigns as mate or loss of the

much

Black gives too

(a)

Q4
QB 4

Kt

B R2
And Black

or Opening.

by LEE.

Q4

2 Kt

11

Won

133

time to the B.

Q2 (b)
P 63

QxKt

B2
Ki

QR
B
B

Kti

P x BP

Q3
K4
(c)

follows.

Suggest a better

course.
(b)

Suggest a line of play.

(c)

What move

No. 285.
1

3
5

P
P

KB3
K3

B4

KPxP

PxP!

QxB

(a)

Name

(b)

Why

S.

by

Q4

2 Kt

Won

necessary ?

is

NURXBERG.

9
10

B
B

PxQP

ii

Q QR4

Kt

Kt5

BxKt(a)

KtxP

12 Kt

Q2

Kt

B3

R3

Kt 4

QR3
Br

isKtxKt!

P x Kt

QxPch

Resigns (b)

a probably better move.


?

Q R 4 ch
Q B4

K4

Q4

QB4
QB3

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

134

Queens Pawn Game or Opening.


No. 286.
I

Won

P-Q4

by M. ALKKHIN (Bohemia).

CENTRE OPENINGS. QUEEN'S PAWN.

VIII.

Queen's
No. 288.

remarkably brilliant correspondence


v. H. G. Bockett-Pugh.

P-Q4

P-QB 4

7
8

Q4
KB3

B-B 4

P-K3

K3

Kt-QB 3

P-B 4

White mates
(a)

Find a safer move.

(b)

How

No. 289.
i

or Opening.

game.

PLATT

C.
2 Kt

Pawn Game

135

v.

Tschigorin.

P-Q 4

PxKt
PxKtP
Q R 4 ch
Q-Kt S

few moves

MASON

P-Q 4

in a

9
10

PxQP

(b).

QxP(a)

QxR
BxP

K2

B-g 4

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

136

Queen's

No. 291.
I

Won

P-Q 4

B-Q 3

4 P

K3

KB4

KB 3
PxKt

5 Kt

7 Kt
8

B3

00

Pawn Game

by RUBINSTEIN.

or Opening.

CENTRE OPENINGS. QUEEN'S PAWN.

VIII.

Queen's
No. 293.

Pawn Game

The

137

or Opening.

a remarkable example of off-hand


following
play by Mr. E. LASKKR, with a brilliant Queen
sacrifice, followed by mate in seven moves
is

2 Kt
3

Kt

p_ K 3

Q4
KB3
63
Kt5

Kt

P KB4
KB3 (a)
B Ka

BxB

SBxKt
(a)

(b)
(c)

(d)

What
Show

other

PxP(b)
P QKt3
O O (c)

K4
Kt x P

7
8 Kt

10

KS
Q3
RS

B
Q
?

the reply to 6...P


64.
Point out a better move.
What ought to he played.

W hite announced

No. 294.
i

move may be considered

(e)

Schlechter

P-Q 4

v.

mate

in eight.

PILLSBUKY.

How

Kt2 (d)

K2

(e)

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMKS.

138

Queen's Pawn

No. 296.
'

ALECHIN

P-Q4

v.

Game

or Opening.

Lowenfisch.

VIII.

CENTRE OPENINGS. QUEEN'S PAWN.

139

Queen's Pawn Game or Opening.

No. 299.

in the Ladies'

Played

awarded a
HOULDING.
1

Kt

4
5

9
10

QKt 3

KB3(a)

63

QKt3

11

PxP

KtxP

16 Kt
17
18
19

BxP
PxP

Q5

22 Kt
23
24

(c)

Point out a strong alternative.

is

What does this threaten ?


A pretty and decisive move.

STAUNTON

P
P

Kt-QB 3

QB4

P-K3

KKt5

63

v.

Kt

KB3

P-K 3

P-QB 4
Kt

This

Horwitz (1846).

KB 4

Q4

6 Kt

Kt6ch(e)

R Q3
PxKt

R3ch

RxBm.

R3

game by 2 P K4.
the soundest at this stage

Which move

No. 300.

best to open the

It is

(b)

(e)

Kt4

BxP
B

64 ch
KS

KB3
Kt

(a)

(d)

Kt

QRxQ

PxKt

Kti (d)

R Ki
B

QxQ

21

KS?
84?
Ri

Ki

KB4

Kt(Q 2 ) B 3
Kt x Kt

KtxKt

KS(C)

14
15

20

Kt

K4

Tourney, Scarborough, and


Miss Taylor v. Mrs.

prize.

P Q3 (b)
QKt Q2

Kt2

12

K3
KB 3

B K2
O O

K2

Kt2

Kt

64

P
P

Q4
K3

P
P
B

6 Kt
7
8

brilliancy

K2
(a)

63

finish is admirable.

SECTION

IX.

King-side Openings.
1

P-KB4

or

P-KB3

Zukcrtort's Opening 1 Kt

No. 301.

The

first

Kt

KB3

P-KR4

brilliancy

prize

in

New

Zealand
winner

KB3.
the

Championship Tourney was awarded


of the following game.
H. L. James
i

or

P-KK14 or P KKt3
KR3 or Kt KB3.

or

or P

to the
v.

E.

J.

Miles.

IX.

KING-SIDE OPENINGS.

Bird's Opening.

No. 302.
i

Won
KB4

by the

late J.

K4

P KB4.

RAYNER.

141

MEMORABLE CHKSS GAMES.


No. 304.

Won

PxP

by A. E. SANDERS

P
P

KB4

(a)

5 Kt

KKtj

Kt 4

KB3(a) QxKtPch
BxP mate

6PxQ

This rendered mate possible in two moves.

Slate

best avoided.

No. 305.
1

>3

BxP

3PxP
how

K4

(Ilford).

Won

P KB4
P_K 3
Kt KB3

by H.

W. SANDERS

Q4
P_g 5
B Kt$

4
5

(Brokenhurst).

B4

Kt-K 5

BxP

(a)

PxP
BxQ
mate

This glaring sacrifice of the Q should have given


(a)
Black pause. State what he should have played, and why
not 5-..B

K3.

SECTION

X.

Queen-side Openings.
1

P-QB4

or P

QKt3

(English Opening), or P QB3, or


Fianchetto
(Queen's
Opening),
or P QR3 or KI-QB3.

P-QK14,
P

QR4,

English Opening, 1 P QB4.


Zukertort
Black, Blackburne (1883).
Remarks by John A. Galbreath.
Notes by W.

No.

306.

White,

Steinitz.

The following game is justly regarded as one of the finest


on record. It may also be considered as " high-water mark"
for Zukertort, since it was on the result of this game that he
was assured

of

winning

in the International

Chess Congress

of 1883 (London). The decision of the first prize being likely


to depend on the game, a very high degree of interest was
shown in the result. An unusually large crowd gathered to

witness the contest, and a splendid board and ivory set of


This handspecially ma^e for the purpose, were used.
and valuable outfit was afterwards presented to
Zukertort.
The victory also, as anticipated, gave him the
first prize in what was probably the greatest tournament ever

men,
some

held.

At the conclusion of the game, Blackburne, amid the


hearty cheers of the spectators, cordially congratulated his
opponent on his grand and successful struggle for the premier
prize.
i

P-QB 4

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

144

Queen-side Openings.
25
26
27
28

29

87

PxPch
P

QSch

Kt 4 (h)
B8 ch (j)

30

(g)

Ri

K4

QR-B 4

31
32
33

(i)

KxP

Zukertort recommends
player has posted his

(a)

the

P x KtP (f)

first

Q x P ch
BxPch
B

Kt2

KxR

Kt7ch(k) K

QxQ

Kti

Resigns.

B K2 more especially when


own B on the corresponding

square.

P 64
(b)
his preceding
P

(c)

freeing his

would have been a better move, now or on


move.

K4 would have afforded him a better prospect


game and breaking the adverse centre.

He

Excellent play.

(d)

of

wisely ignores the threatened

doubling of the Rooks on the QB file, which can do him no


harm, and prepares his attack in the centre.
An error of judgment Q ought to have retaken,
(e)
followed by Kt Kt2, which would have left only a slight
initiative for White.
;

Beginning of a deep and admirably conceived com-

(f)

bination.

(g)

plausible looking move.

The

fine

manner

in

which

proved, almost exonerates Blackburne from any


Px P is the correct play, which would
fault in the matter.
also have left Black with the inferior game, as White could
R3reply R Kta, or R
its fatality is

A really magnificent stroke, which at once decides


(h)
the fate of the battle.
The only move ; if Qx Q, mate was forced in 7 moves
B x P ch, K x P ; 30 R R3 ch
the utmost, thus
K Kt3 31 R B6ch, K Kt 4 ; 32 R Kt3 ch, K R4
34 B 64 ch and mate next move.
33 R 65 ch, K R3
Kt2
32 R Kt-3 ch and mate follows in
(If 31 ..., K
(i)

129

at

similar manner).
(j)

one

In conjunction with White's previous play, this forms


most noble combinations conceived over the chess

of the

board.
(k)

record.

worthy

finish

to

one

of the

most

brilliant

games on

QUEEN-SIDE OPENINGS.

X.

No. 307.

Queen-side Openings.
second round of the tournament at
CARLS v. Spielmann.

Played

Breslau.
i

P-QB 4

145

in the

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.


Queen-side Openings.

Awarded the " brilliancy " prize in the New


No. 309.
Zealand Championship Tournament. Nils Friberg v.
JOHN MASON.
i

P-QR 3

P-K4

SECTION XL
ODDS.
Odds QR.
No. 311.

K4
KB4

P
P

PxP

P
Kt

B
B
P

PxP

BxBP

Q x Kt

KB3
Q4

K2
PxPi.p

B4
Kt3
Q4

13

14

(b)

Attacking the

How

BxP

17

Och

KxB
K

Kt4

Ki

moves (b).

in five

and preventing the K's escape

Knights' Defence.

Remove White's QR.


P K4
P K4
Kt KB3
Kt QB3

B KR6
B QKts(a)

15

Ba

K Bi
B K3
K K2
R Kti
PxKt

via Qz.

Two

No. 312.

KS

i6B B6ch!

O O

And White announced mate


(a)

by A. G. SELLAM.

n B KB 4
12 QxRP

KtxP

10 Kt

K4

KB3

4 Kt

Won

King's Gambit Declined.


Remove White's QR.

B4

4 Kt Kt5
5 Px P
6 KtxBP
7 Q
63 ch
8 Kt
83

Kt

O4
Kt x P

13
14
15
1

Qs(a)

by PAUL MORPHY.

87

n BxB
12 Kt

83

KxKt
K K3
Kt

10

Won

17
18

K4

ch
B 4 ch
x Kt

Q
Q Kt4ch
Q K2 ch
P

Q3 ch

K Q3
BxKtch
O O
two
better
Name
moves.
(a)
(b)
17 ... K Kt8 would prolong the game.

147

K3

B
K Q4
KxKt
Q Q5
K Q6
K 87
KxB(b)
Kt x

mate.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

48

Odds QR.
Vienna Opening.

No. 313.

Black's
1

2 Kt

K4

QB3
B4

15

4 Kt
5
(a)

Why

The most

(c)

Name
.

HOSMEK.

by

KtxBP

Remove

QKt 4

BxPch(b)

Ka?(c)

8 Kt x

O O
P

(b)

(St.

K4
B4
KB3

Kt

83

KtxP

No. 3i 4

Won

QR.

Q4
Kt5 ch

Q3

QPxBm.

(a)

hopeful, considering the state of the forces.


a better move.

Won by Geo. H.
King's Gambit.
Louis Chess Club). Remove White's

K4

P K4
Px P
P Q4

KB 4

3 Kt

KB3
P _K 5

P-Q 4

White mates

7
8

P-KB 3
PxP
in 2

KtxP
Q RS ch
Q B; ch
Kt-QB 3

by checking with

WOLLKKCHT

QR.
P KKt 4

either Kt

(a)

KK2
K Q3

P-B 3

and mating

with the other.


(a)

What move

is

necessary

Odds QKt.
No.

315.
1

K4
KB 4

P
P

3 Kt

Muzio Gambit.
White's QKt.

63

B-B 4

B
P

9
10

K4

Q4

ii

QxB

12

KKt 4

13

QxB

R3
Q3

BxP

BxPch

K Q2

Kt5

BxR

Q-Q 3

(a)

(b)

How

a better move.
?

B-Kt 3

17
1 8

19

Remove

BxB
K

Kt 4 ch
Kt

K2
KB3

B3

(a)

PxP?

KS
16 Q x P ch
15

White announced mate

Show

by G. LEMON.

PxP
P-Kt 5
PxKt

5OO
6 R P
7
8

Won

K Bi
R Ki
QKt Q2
K Kt2
Q Q6 ch
R K7ch
K Kt3
"

in six or less (b).

Xo. 316.
1

PKB4 (Bird's

4
5
6
7
8

10
1 1

12

QKt.

P
P
B

QR3

K2
KKt4

P
P

KR4

QR

KB3

15
16

Q.4

B4

Kt x P (b)
Kt 63

23

O O

P
K

RS

149

by ZUKERTORT.

R;

(c)

KxB

K Ri
RPxKt

Kt6
Kt5

i9PxP(d)
PxP!
2iPxKtch
22 R R8 ch
P

Ki
KKti
P 83

Kt

Kti

BxR

17 Q
1 8 Kt

20

Kt2

13

14

Kt 83
QR3(a)
B Q3

K3

Won

K3

P
P

Kta

9 P

Odds.

Kt

QKt3

ODDS.

Remove White's QKt.

Opening)
2 Kt
83
3

XL

67

Kt

K2

KtxQ
K Kti
Kx R

Resigns as
in 3 or 4

mate follows

R3
Rr

moves.

Loss of time.

(a)

(b)
Just what
forces on KKtP.

(c)

KxB?

White

good move.

wanted so as

to concentrate his

What would be

the result of 15...

Which would have been equally satisfactory against


A splendid end game; one of the finest on

(d)

i8...BPxKt.
record.

Odds
No. 317.

Played at Chicago. White conceded QR and QKt,


which should be removed from the board.

KB4

(Bird's

Opening)
2
3

P
P

PxP
PxP

K4

BxP

Kt

B3

O O

(a)

KB 4

Q3

5 Kt

Various.

QKt3

How

KB3

P-K 3

K2

O O

Kt2

9
10

KR3

K-Ri

II

R2

KtxP

13

Q-R5

K4?

PxP

PxP

12

Q3

KKt

White mates

Q2

KKt-B 3
in six (a)

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

'50

Odds
No. 318.
i

Various.

Remove White's Queen.


COCHRANE v. Amateur.
K4

K4

King's Bishop's Gambit.

XL ODDS.
Odds
No. 321.

Various.

An odds-game played in 1901 at Olmutz. White,


the late Mr. K. ANDREAtCHeK, removed his Queen
at the commencement of the game, while Black
removed

make

six

White

his Queen's Rook, and allowed White


moves to commence with.

White

Black

Black
Dr. Robt. M.

K. Andreaschek.

9 Kt
9

to

10 Kt

v^
Vt OR"

11

12 Kt

13 P
14 K
15 Kt
1

Kt$ch K

63

K
K
Bydis. ch K
Kt4ch(c) K
Q5ch
Bsch

6 Kt

(b)

Kt3

R3

R4
RS

P K4
Any

62
K3

mate.

Kt2

A brilliant conception, the main point being White


(a)
uses his development before Black's extra force comes into
use.

(b)

Give replies to 9

(c)

Show

...

Ki and 9

a quicker method.

...

Kt3-

ANSWERS.
Section
No.

Kt

(b) ii

i.

Q-Kt 3> B-Q 3

15

Kts,

Q-B 3

J.

Kt3

KtxB,

12

etc.

(ej

14

No. 2. (a) 6 ... P KKt3. (b) 10 Q K2, P x P. (c) Q


exposed to influence of adverse R. (d) 12 Kt K 3 or Kt 3
White should develop, (e) See answer (c). (f) It would
have been more satisfactory if the game had gone a little
.

One

further.

16

is:

possibility

QxP; 18 Q B 3> Q 67 19
O O, QR Qi, and Black should
No. 3
No.

Q2,

17 PxB,
(Kt;) ; 20

QxP

win.

4.

Kts ch,
5.

(b)

Exchange

No.

6.

(b)

No.

7.

(a) 8

No.

8.

9.

R4 ch,

28

If 2 7 ...KxR;
(c^
etc.

No.

No.

K 3 Bx B

Kt

(b)

3 Kt

QKt

Kt6 ch,

of Q's with even


If i 3 ...Kt

Kts.

64

or

0.4,

K2

29

game.

KR4

14

R4.

KKt5-

(c)

etc.

153

Kt (R6)

85 followed by

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

154

No.

10.

PxP;
P QR4
BxKt.
(ii)

(to

Kt5.

by

23... Kt

0.4,

K6

E.g., 2O...K
Qi 21 P K$,
K2; 23 KR Ki.R KBi; 24 P K6,
Bi.
21 Q
K2,
Again 20. ..K Qi
Ki, R
R3 23 Q Bi. (g) 21 B x P ch.
22 P K5, or 22 Q K2. (h) Mate in 3

(f)2oBxPch.
K2,

KR4;

(b)

(c)8...BxKt;

25 Q
22 KR
Qi
E.g., 2I...K

R3

83.

83

(e)

13. ..Q

Q4; 22

Kt

B Q2 7 PxP,
10
PxB, Q Qa
free QR), Q
R6
n PxP, P KR 4 (d) n
Possibly i3...PxKt; 14 PxB, KtxPch.
(i)
5 Kt

(a)

8 Kt

ch, etc.

$.4.
(a) 6 KtxP, followed (if KtxKt) by 7 P
After castling KR it is dangerous to play P
KR3
unless the opponent has castled KR or is bound to do so. For
a P attack is made easy to him. (ii) 8 P Oj, (if) B KKt5 ;
9 B K3 or Kl K2. (c) 10 K R2, P Kts ; ii Kt KKti.
Or 10 Kt R2, P Kts ;
PxP, R KKti ; 12 P Kts.
K3 .
(d) 12 B

No.

(b)

ii.

(i)

No.

12.

12
ii Kt

No.
10

65
13.

is

.OO.

K2.

(c)

23

14

etc.

(f)

n B

file

R6,

KB4; 9 B QB4,
(b) 8...P
Kt6. (d) io...B
io...Kt
Kt4.

One

15 Px
possibility:

(Q) ch,

14.. .R

Bi

Bi
15

BxQ

No.

14.

(a)

If

Qx
RxRch, RxR;
22

19

BxKt;
Bx P

R,

17
;

20 QxKt,

PxKt! BxR;

20 Kt

QxQ;
R

21

K4ch;

No.

15.

(a)

17...?

No.

16.

(a)

6...QPxB; 7 PxP, Kt

K2.

Q4l

Kt3,
If

18

R x Q, R

KR8

BxP, B

(e)
;

16

PxR

K Qi
Q K2

P ch,

18

Qs, winning,

R2,

23

884;

K2 ; 17 Px BPch,
16 P K6, Q
;
(Q) ch,
18 B
If, in this, i6...PxP;
Kts.
17 QxPch,
1 8 R x B ch, etc.
(g) (i) Mate in three,
(ii) 15 Q x
B K2; 16 PxP.

RxRch;

Kti

against his castled K.

Q2.

PxP, BxQ;

Possibly

KR6,

(c)

Bi

opens the

(b) It
better,

(a) 7..

Qs,

KtxPch, K

10

(a)

Kt4.

(if)

PxB,

(b) If 19

K8ch;

mate.

B4

84, etc.

(b) n...

ANSWERS.
No.

17.

No. 18.
have

will

Kt

13

By P

(b)

(a) After 7...? x


lost time,
(b)

K is too
K-Ri,

Castled
(f)

63.

Q48

Q x Pch, Q

QxPch.

scantily defended,

K4

14

155

(c)

(e)

is

P-QR 4 Kt-R 4
,

K2, etc., White


10 Q x Q. (d)
exposed to R.
15

R$.

No. 19. (a) To bring his QB and QR rapidly into play,


Because of B R7 ch, followed by Q x P ch, etc.

(c)

No. 20.

(a) Kts.

Ki.

(b) II...R

(c) If 13...?

KKt3

BxKtch, KtxB; 15 Q QB3. If 13 ... B Qs


14
KtxQBP, PxKt; 15 KtxB. (d) i 4 ...Kt Kt3 isBxKt,
PxB; 16 Q QB3, Kt K4 17 Q Qa, threatening 18
14

Q-R6.
No.

21.

(b)

BxB, QxB;

7...?
Q3,
10 PxKt.

and

if

No. 22. (a) Kt 63 or B K2 or Q Q2.


10 Px Kt, B Kt39 Kt K4, Kt x Kt

K6,

BxP.

(b) 8...KI

(c)

KB3

No. 23. (a) 3...P Q3 ? Better 3...? QR3 or Kt 83 ,


4...P QR3 ? and 5...P
QKt4 driving the B to its strongest
8...Ktx P ? Better 8...Bx Kt ;
square. 4...BQ2 is better.
9 Q x B, Kt x P ; etc.

Q3 ? Better ... P
Better 5-..Kt
63 9...KI
sight, correct move 9-..B
K3.
No. 24.

5...P

QR3

No. 25.

(a) 3...?
?

(a) If

i8...Q x Kt

19

Px

QR3
KB3

or Kt
?

An

83.
over-

P.

No. 26. (a)7...Kt 63


Then 8
R4, etc., may dislocate P's, but with two B's this is not very formidable,
(b)
If 9 Kt
If 9 B
64, Q KKt3, winning a piece.
QB4,
cannot get
Q KKt3. (c) The position is weakened, as
to KKt2.
Black could try 9...Q Bi or Q KKt3- (d) ir...
P QKt 4 or
or K
Bi. (e) 14...? KR3 or B Kt2.
!

KB

QBS

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMKS.

156

No
P

10

27.

(h)

Kt3,

KtxKtP,

No. 28.

Kt

(c)

(c)

0.3.
etc.

Kts,

K2.

No. 29.
ing the

O.

Ksch

Because of IO...P

(e)

R 5>

Kt3

P-Q 4

(a)

Px
Q B3
;

(f)

K$, threaten-

QR.

No. 30.
QKt 4

(d)

9 P x B.

To make room for the Kt


side,
Kt3
(e) If P x B, R

(d)

which blocks the forces on the


ch, winning easily.

(d) If

(c)

B 4-

P-Qs P-QR 3

(b)

Kt, etc.

KKt3-

PxQP.

(")

Or PxQP, Kt
RS, etc.
Kts ch, (if) P x B, mate in three.
;

No. 31.

Q K4

(a)

and,

if

Kt

.5,

(d)

B3.
R4

Kt

Kti

B-R 4
(e)

(i)

B Q3,
RS, etc.

63, etc.

No. 32.

No. 33. (a) P Q 4


(b) KKtP is blocked, and so KB
cannot get to Kt2. P
Q 4 by B Q2.
3, followed, if P
Q3. (d) (i) The B never gets to 63, and at K2 is in
(c) B
R 4 (iii) B Kts ch. (e) P QR3 (if)
the way. (ii) Q
B R 4 P Kt 4 and P
Ri or
or Kt
3.
Kts
(f) B
P Q3- 000) BxPch. (ii) Kt Ri and, if Kt Kts,
Q K2 (or R Bt). (h) E.g., Kt Ri
Q RS,
13
.

KR3;
No.

KtxP.

P-Q 4

34.

(a)

No. 35-

(a)

13

No. 36.

(a)

Probably

- Kt

QxKt, PxKt; BxP, R


P 63 or P Kt 4

R4

then

K Ri
Kti;

if

14

Q KR 3 Q

is best.

KKt3,

Kt 3

(b)

Q
R6

RS.

(c)

ch.

(d)

No. 37.

White

(b)

KtxKP.

(c)

Because 10 PxKt,
B x Pch,

gets a dangerous attack by


Kt3 ch, etc. (e) K B2.

x P,

Kx B

and
12

ANSWERS.
No. 38.

KR3

P KB 4
(e)
14 B KKt5,
(d) Kt x P.
BxP, PxB; 16 QxP, and 17 Kt Kt5.
.

(c)

15

157

No. 39. (a) Unusual, but may well be playable, (b)


No. For then P x P, and if Black retakes with Kt or P he
loses a P
if Q
K2 instead
then Px P, and if Q x P ch;
B K2, etc. (c) No. It should lose. More promising is
Kt Kt5, Black's 5th move being somewhat questionable.
Then if Q Kt3
Kt R 4
Or, if Q
(d) P
Q4
63,
Q Bi. Another move: BxB. (e) Black can win by
Kt R 4
;

No. 40.
out

put

(a)

of

play,

Ka and P
and

in

(b)

3.

from

danger

Ktf> ch.

White's

(c)

Kt

QKtP

and possibly an unpleasant attack can be made on it by


g and QB, (d) Q R4- (e) P KR3 prevents B Kt5
and provides a square at R2 for Kt. P QR3 prepares for
B R2 and P QKt 4 (f) Possibly BxPch. (g) (i) Kt
Kt5 ch, K Kt3 Q x Kt. (ii) Kt Kt5, Kt R^. Or B Kts,
P 63. (h) B Kt5, (if) P 63, mate in one. (i) Perhaps
.

R K3. Then
exchange.

if

Kt

685,

Kts or

Black can offer the

No. 41. (a) Does too little for White's development.


of development,
The hope of O O
(i) Neglect
(ii)
P Q3 P KR3 P KR4. (c) (i) With Kt x Kt gaining

(b)

a piece, (ii) O O. Then after


he is not bound to take the

.3,

Kt.

(d)
x Kt,

KR3
(i)

QxQ

KR4,

PxQ

(ii)

P
Kti, Kt
BxR; Kt x R'
Q6 ch
QxPch; QxQ, KtxQ; R Bi, R Bi'
RxB. (f) (i) Q R6; R Kti, BxR; K x B, R Bi.
P Q4 10 BxP, BxP; (if) n RxB, mate in three.

If,

in this,

KtxBP;
Kt

Qi.

(e)

or

(ii)

10

Q-B 3

Kt

Qs

No. 42. (a) Time is lost by White if Black plays Q K2


K2 or K Qi.
i and then drives back the Kt.
(b) K

(c)

mate

3
(e)
(d) RxKt.
in four,
KS ch
(ii)

Ki,

Then
Kt3ch.
K2, Kt Q6ch. (f)

17

(g)

QKt-B 3

if

(i)
;

15
17
K2.

and, if 15 BxR,
16
Q2, B K6 ch
Q2, P Q4, etc. If
63 RxKt.
E.g., Kt

RxKt,

K
K

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

158

No. 43. (a) Too tame, (b) Could be deferred, (c) To


Q's are on the
prevent the doubling of a P.
(d) No.
no piece is
Black has an imperfect development
board
and a hole is made at KB4ready to occupy KKt2 or 3
B KKts. Then if P 83, B R4 or if Kt 83,
(e)
(g) Q-Qi.
(h)
Kt-Qs- (0 BxB; ifKtxB, B Q 3
K Ba. Then if P x P, Q Qi or perhaps Q R4ch. (i)
Kt x P (if) P x Kt, K 83. (j) Kt Q$. Ifthen23PxP,
Q BS; (if) RxKtch, QxR; (if) R Qi, R R8, etc. If
7 ch and
7
3 Q-Kt6.
(k)B-Q 3 (1)
23
;

P-QB

(m)

Q R4

K RS
QxQmate.

No. 44. (b) E.g.,


B Kt5, Kt
Bi

Px

given

B,

Bsch,

(e)

15

Kt

KxP Q
K Kti
;

Kr, etc.

(c)

QxPch,

BxR; B x Pch

PxR;

ch,

(Collijns),

Someone has

Kt3
15 B x B, (if) Q
Ki, etc. 8015...
17 R
K3,
83; 16 QR Ki, Kt 63
KB4. Simpler is, in this, 16 Q x Kt.
;

KtxB, Q
K4; 18 P

R6

Kt3,

K2
K2

P-K

Q-Q

K2ch,

ch.
either

(d)

QKi.

6 Q RS makes a perilous
No. 45. (a) Kt x Kt, P x Kt
game for Black, and 5... BxKt loses time, (b) Q Kt4
QxKtP; R Bi, Kt B6ch; K K2, Kt
(if) KtxBP,
QSch (if now K K3 or 0,3, mate in two); K Ki,
Kt B6ch K K2, P Q4 (if) Ktx P, B KKts
Kt K3,
BxKt, etc. (c) Kt 63. (d) P Q 4 (e) Kt x R, PxB;
Q R4 ch.
;

No. 46.
play Kt

(a)

BxB

KR 3

and then P

(b)

Kt3-

(c)

To

85. (d) The move can be accounted for as


meant to protect B, but it threatens B Kt5. The move
places White Q in danger, (e) (i)- To take KP. (ii) Danger
is near.
White could play Kt Kti or R KRi. (f) Q K3
85 ch ; P x Kt, Kt x P ch; K Kti, Q x P ; Kt R4*.
(if) a Kt

Q
R
K

Kt
Kt

No. 47.
82.
63.
;

(i)

Kt

17

(f)

QR

(i).

if

RxQ

Kt

KKti.

either

if

(c)

undefended.

RxQ;

if

QR KBi

QxBP;

QxQ.

left

Then,

(if)

(e)

is

K6.

19 K Kt2,
reach KBs.

(if)BxP,

Q Q2 15
KtxB, QxKt.

(b)

QBP

K4.

is lost.

BxP.

in this 15

(d)

KBi
Q.2
will

(a)
If,

The

18

KtxBPch,
Kts,

RxP;
If

(ii).

Kt

85. If i6...Q
effect of Black's i8th.
;

Qs, Q R 2
84, RxPch

(g)

Kt

16...

KtxQch,

(if)

63,
(ii),

second

Kt2,

K Q2

P
;

ANSWERS.
No.

48.

Kt5,

Q-K2.

(a)

Kt

(iv)

B6ch,

(b)

(v)

Kt

(i)

159

B4

KS,

(vi)

KtxP, (iii)
(i) PxKt,

(ii)

Kt

87.

Kt5. (ii) B x P ch. (iii) B x P ch, (if) K x B


QxKt, Q 64 ch; K RI, QxB. (v) QxQ,
PxQ; BxKKt. (vi) QxKt, Q 64 ch K RI, QxB;
BxB. (d) Kt Q5 ch, K Bi
Kt Q2.
KtxKt,
(c)
PxKt; B R6ch, K Kti
RxB; P 64. Or R Qi
Q Ki or possibly QxR; or B Q6. (e) 19 RxKt,
QxQ; 20 RxQch, P 83. (f) (i) Mate in three, (ii)

QxB; P x P B

QxB.

(iv)

QxQ; RxQ, R-Q 2


No. 49.

(a)

BxPch.

Black

(b)

opens

K through the opening,


RxKt; QxKt. (ii) Kt

attacks

White

RxB,

(if)

(c)

KKt

QR

file

Qi.

and

(d)

(i)

Kt5.
R$ ch
(e) Q
Bi has been suggested. White could,

followed by R(B6)
after the check, exchange Q for two R's.
(f) There might
follow R(Kti)
If then 22 Q x BP or Q
Kt4.
Qi, mate in
If 22 Kt
Kx R,
three.
Q5, R x Q. So 22 QR Ki, R xQ
and Black wins. If 22
the game might be prolonged.
;

QxR

No. 50.

(a) 7

...

Q3

Q K2. (b) At K 3 the Kt obstructs the B, and


64.
(c) Kt
possibly plant his own Kt at KB5In this 15
x Q, R x Q ; 15 (if) P x Kt. R Q8 ch, etc.
Kt 5 ch,
loses a P.
If 14
15

No. 51.

(a)

White may
If

14

Kt-Q 3
No.

BxQ

QxQ;

Q2

52.

(b) In order to prevent the

advance of the Queen's,

Pawn.

Kt
26

No- 53Q6ch,

( e)

Q x B ch, K
No. 54.

(a)

24

moves
12

Bi

No.

By

the

55.

(b)

and mating

R6

Kt 3 ch,

QxBch, K

14

22 RxPch, K Bi; 23
82
25 R x Q ch, K x R
27 Q x KtP, and wins.

RxP, BxR;

2I

Q x Kt

15

17

in a

P Q4
67 mate.
;

Bch, KxR
few moves.

Rx

13

PxP

18

i.

p. ch,

R Qi

K3

ch, gaining

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMKS.

160

No. 56.

.OO.

(a) 7..

Q4

(b) 8...P

No. 57. (h) By 19 Q B5 ch, Q Q3


Kti
20 Q 84 ch, Kt Q 4
u;...K
22 R
K8 mate); 20 QxQch.K Kti
22 QxBch, K Bi
23 Q 67 mate.
;

as actually occurred,
21 Q x Kt ch,
21
Q$ ch. B K3;

(if

QxQ;

No. 58.
No. 59.

(e)

Ri

(if

22...

65

23 Kt

(e)

B6ch,

Because

if

23

K Qi
Kt2
Kti

2I...K

QKt3,

Q K8

22

24

R
R

mate.

Kti ch, K
K8 wins)

R3
;

23

wins.

No. 60.

No.6i.

(e)

By

R_K8ch, Ktx R
No. 62.

(b)

No.

(c)

63.

K4; 19 RxQ, K
67 mate.

18 R
21 Q

Kti

Ki,Q

20

Recapture with K.

10

Ki

is

decisive.

Kt 5
20 P 63, QxB; 21
No. 64.
(d) By I9...Q
Kt K7 ch, and mates in two moves. If 20 P Kt3,
Black mates in four by 20.. .Kt B6 ch 21 K Kt2, Kt (84)
R5ch; 22 K Ri.Q R6, etc. If 20 P KR3 QxB? 21
QxB, Kt K7 ch 22 K Ri, Kt (B 4 ) Kt6 ch, mating in
two moves.
;

Q x B,

Kt

Or by 19.. .Kt
K7 ch; 22

R$

20

Ri,

Kt3

QxQ

(best),

23

BxR, P

KS

21

BxKt,

87, etc.

No. 65. (f) Because White must lose his Q, and then
Black's superiority of Pawns will decide the issue.
If, for
example, 21 Kt R3, B K7 ch ; 22 Q x B, R x Q 23 K x R,
;

Kt x P ch,

etc.

No. 66.
if

QR

Kti,

(a)

Kt

R4

QB3,

for

Ki.

(b)

Ri.

E.g.,

ANSWERS.
No. 67.
line,

(b)

(a)

White's R's are losing command of the


R Qi. (c) With Kt Q5.

ist

Bi or

No. 68.

161

(a)

I5...Q-R4-

(b)

I7-.P-Q4-

(c) 19

Q-B?,

followed by 20 Kt K5, and Black has no adequate defence,


Kti
26 B B6, Kt
ch, K
(e)
4
By 25
27
B x QKt, P 83 28 Q R8 ch,
62
29 Q B6 ch,
K Kti 30 Q Kt7 mate.

QxQ

No. 69.

Bx Kt

(b) 9

P.

No. 70. (b) 10 B KKt5.


for the Kt.
(d) 2O...QxP
Kt

RS,

Rx

No. 71.

Kt ch

(i)

78

23

(d) ii
(c)

ch

Kt3,

O.

Because

it

leaves

KxQ; R

21

KR6

R3

f4

free

ch.

22

mate.

Moving a developed piece twice

QKt5-

early in the game, and as he does not take the Kt with


He should play B K3 at once.
quite uselessly.

it,,

P KR3Almost always a weakening move.


K2 could be well played as Black has also castled on the

(2) 10

Kt

King's side, and the open

(3) ii

well-known
No. 72.

KKt 4

file

would be no disadvantage.

This brings immediate disaster by the

sacrifice.

(b) 13

Ktx

Kt. (c)

Probably 9...Px Kt

is

stronger ,-

and even

H...B Bi, though cramping, is better than


...P
Kt3, making the rat-hole, without any rat to fill it t
Possibly Q Q2 and castling QR also might be played, giving
up the KtP for a King's side attack.
No. 73.

KR3

K2

(a) 8...Kt

Or

8...Kt

Kt5

;
;

9 P
9 Q

Q 4 P 63 ;
K4 P QKt 4
!

10 B KKt5>
10 B Kt3_

Kta.

No.
I 4 ...P

74.

(a)

KR3?

I3...Q

(i)

and

(3)

K2

Better

i5...PxKt?

Kt x Kt.

(2)

No. 75. (i) The weak moves are ii P KR3 instead of


Kt Kt3 and 15 KtxB, which necessitated two moves to
develop the B whereas B x B should have been played.
B6 ch 21 Qx Kt, Q K7 mate.
(2) 20...KI
;

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

i6a

No. 76.

Kt,

No.

Q3

77.

(i)6...P Q4
10 P K6, Q

toQKt

(i)

B3

Kti or

8...K

Ki

and 9-..Q

(if

Qx

K2.

Kts.

K4. (2) 10 Q 83 ch. and if K on K


(i) 5...KI
x Kt will win back the piece, and another in three
Kti
11 RxB.
If 10.. .K

No. 78.
file,

ii

moves.

No.

6...Kt

79.

No. 80.

7...KKI

(a)

(b) Kt
the attack,

piece,

up

instead of 6...P

KS

0.4.

K2 would have developed another

R4 on move 9 would have helped


22...

(d)

B 3 would

break

to

avoid the double

check.

No.

Qs, and (if) 8


(a) 7...P
Kt5 ch,
assist development,
(b) Then

81.

then

nBx B and

Q2 would

discovers check,

(c)

QKt
12 Kt

Kt6 ch would win the Queen.

0.3, followed by P
QR3 and P QKt
(a) By B
Q3 would protect the K from attack on the long
K4, threatening Q x Kt or (if Kt
diagonal,
(c) By 18 Kt
(d) No. White would mate in 5 by 20 P x P
R4) Q x P ch.
22 P Kt3 ch, K Kts
21 Kt
ch, Kx P
63 ch, K 65
24 Q 65 mate.
23 Q Kt6 ch, Kx Kt

No.

4.

82.

(b)

No. 83.

(a)

If

8..

Q5 would cause

though Black

is

.OOO,

trouble,

P 84 followed by
64 would be better,
(c) White's next move

then

(b) 9...P

cramped anyhow,

one of these should


threatens both the check and the KP
have been guarded. Besides, the square is wanted for the
:

Kt.

No. 84.

(b)

Q-B 5 ch, K-Q 3

9...Kt
12
;

63

EBj

10

B-B 4 ch, Kt-K4

ch,

K Q2

13

Q x Kt

11

(K 5 )

ch, etc.

No. 85. (a) 9 Kt Q3.


Kt 64 ch; 12 K 64, B
14 K R5, R Kt4 mate

(b) 10

R3ch

...
;

13

B; ch

Kt4,

n K
R

Q3,
Kti ch ;

ANSWERS.
No. 86.

By

18

No. 87.

No. 88.
12

Qx

Kt

Kt

Kts

(2)

Because
If

Kt3-

17

if

17

...

Kt

P KR3,
KtxP.

16

by 18

...

KR

...

Kt3

(a)

QxB

K3,

Ki

Kt

18

18 Kt

KtxKtch, P x Kt
mate.
If
10 ... K Bi
12 Kt x Q ch, and 13 Kt x B.
(b) 10

R6

No. 89.

Kt6;

(b)

K3 and

to

...

(b) 15

Kt

...,

163

K4-

(d) (i)

QR Ki, then
65, etc.

n BxPch, K Bi;
n Kt(Ks) Q7 ch,

By8...Q-Kl3ch; 9 Q

g 4) QxQch;

10

mate.

No. 90.
No. 91. (a) White castled at the wrong time
that
manoeuvre should be performed at move 5. (b) Because
:

if

10

Px

B,

No. 92.
...,

17

Q
(a)

KtxKt;
Q R4 or

R6.

9
16

P Q4
BxKt, Q

...

17

K4-

10

K$

64, Kt 63.
(b) 15
but White even here has

Marco.

22 QR KKti,
Because of 21 RxP! Q R4
If 29... PxQ;
30 PxPch,
(c) 29 QxKt!
32 R Kt8 mate.
31 P B8 (Kt)ch, K Ri

No. 93.

and wins.

K R2

No. 94.
(b)

(a)

Because of 9

By i2...QxQ;

(c)

If

R3,

21

Kt

KtxKt,

KtxQ,
RxKt. If
13

K4,
wins.

RxP;
21

PxB;

10

BxKt.

14 KtxKt, PxKt.
B6 ; 22
Kti, B

KRs

No. 95. (a) Because the KB, a useful piece, ought not to
be exchanged for a Kt that is practically out of play, (b)
It allows Black to advance the KBP at once,
Ki,
(c) 16 R
with a view to Kt Bi, is stronger.

No. 96.

Q2.

Kt x P ch.

(b) 9...BxKt; then if 10 P x B, P x


Not 14 Bx P, on account of 14. ..Qx B

P.
;

(c)

14

isQxQ,

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

164

No. 97.

No. 98.

(a)

KKti

R6,

(c)

18 Kt (Kt7)

Kt

Kt7 mate.

No. 99.

Q x Kt,)
ch,

23

K6

ch,

65.

R6

63; 22 Kt

23 Kt x

Qz,

Kt2

19

Q B8

17
ch,

Ri

15

QxR

mate,
KtxQ; 20

An

interesting possibility then

ch,

Ri

(if

22...PxKt; 23

Kti
24 Q x Kt, P x Q ; 25 Kt
mate, (d) 2i...RxR; 22 QxR,

ch,

K Rr; 26 R x P
R x Q, R K8 ch,

Ki

14

21 Kt

(c)

is: 21. ..Kt

Ka. (h)
9...Kt
16 Q x BP ch,

R6

QxQ

etc.

No. 100.
Note what an important part
(a) 10 B x Kt.
the Kt plays in the ensuing counter attack, (b) i8...Q
R3 ch ; I9^K Kti, Kt K7 ch, winning the Q.
No. 101.

Q3, 8

Better
Kt5, 10

(a)

moves for White are 6 B


and 14 B
3.

Bx Kt,

0,84, 7

No. 102.
5 ... B
Kt5.
(c) Mate in three by 14
(a)
BxPch, PxB; 15 Q x P ch, Q K2 16 Q x Q mate, (d)
By 16 B R6ch, B Kt2 17 Q 65 ch, Q K2
loQxQ
;

mate.

No. 103. (b) 8 KtxKt, Q Qs


9 KtxQBP. (c) It
threatens 12 KtxKt; 13 P x Kt, QxKtP;
14 P--O.4,
BxKt, with a fine game, (d) 12 KtxKt. (e) White could
If then 15 ... Q
K3 ; 16 Q K2.
try 15
;

884.

No.

K3

104.
13

(b) By
B, etc,

Bx

ii

Kts,

63.

...

(c) 17

82

12

(d) 18

...

B QB4,
Kt

Kt i

No. 105.

At move 6 White should play Q R3, if


KKti 7 KtxB, Q K2
8 Kt
K6, with the superior
game. But 4 Q RS ch is probably not the strongest line
4 P Q4, or even Kt x Kt is sounder.
No. 106.

ANSWERS.

165

No. 107.

No. 108. (a) Black's game depended more on subtlety


than soundness, offering, as he did, the King's Gambit a
move behindhand but 4 ... Q Kt4 would have given him
more chances. If White replied 5 Kt 67, Q x KtP
6 R Bi, then 6 ... P O^ would have opened up various
:

strong attacks.

No. 109.

QxB,

follows,
off

(a)

would be preferable,

(c)

by P

Q Q2

...

10 R
QxPch, K Qi
No the Bishop could be

then

But

KKt3.

16

...

KR

Qi

ultimately

Ki would

If ...

(b)

and mate

ch,

driven
the

relieve

pressure.

O O seems to do it, as it is two moves


(a) O
and both good ones, (b) Then 17 Rx R ch, Kt x R
iSQxKt ch. (c) RxR ch would relieve the strain, (d)
If 20...K
22 Q K6 ch, followed
Bi 21 Kt x B, Q x Kt
by 23 BxKt.
Kt5
23 BxKt, QxB; 24
(e) If 22...Q
Q B6 ch, K 82 25 R Q7, winning Q for R.
No no.

in one,

No. in. (b) A hostile Kt at KB4 is always a nuisance,


and the Black QB is needed to control that square, (c) By
...B
KB3, followed by developing the QKt.
No. 112.

(b)

Q Q2

would be

better,

(c)

By QxKtP,

but Black would play Q Kt$ ch, exchanging Queens, and


leading to a tedious end-game, though White would win
ultimately.

No. 113.
follow 7 Q
ch, K
Kt3

K Q2 should be played. Then might


K 63 8 Q x KP, P QR3 9 P Q5

(b)
ch,

65
;

10

could have mated

in

K3 ch, etc. After 6...K


two by 7 QxP ch, etc.

K2, White

No. 114. (a) Move 4 put the Kt on a square where its


scope is limited. Move 5 gave up a developed piece. Move
6 weakened the pawn position round the K. Move 7 exposed the K to immediate attack.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

166

No. 115. (a) By P x P, followed, after the exchange of


by P K4, turning the weak P into a stronger one.

Kts,

No. 116. (a) B By ch, followed by B Q6 ch, would


win two pieces, (b) P K6 ch and mate next move, (c)
O O O, and Black has no defence.

No. 117. (a) B Q3 is better and more attacking, (b)


Allows White a powerful attack. Better seems Kt x Kt (B6);
14

PxKt, KtxKt,

etc.

No. 118. (a N Kt 63 or
Qi would be better.

No. 119.

(c)

(b)

...

Q Q2

is

bad

KtxP

(a)

preferred,

to.

or P
Q4. (b) Kt QBs is to be
K2, followed by P KKt4, might give

chances.

White's 6 Kt

No. 120.

played, followed,

if

6...

83

fatal.

is

KtxP, by

PxPi.p. should be
KKts or B Q}.

(b) Black's 4th


(a) KtxP should be played,
has compromised the position so that he has no really

No. 121.

move

good move

at his disposal.

K3 appears

No. 122. (a) B Q3 is here the


Queen should not be brought out so

best.

strongest

The

move.

KB

early, blocking the


K3 is to be condemned.

and preventing castling, (b) 5 ... B


B Q3 followed by Castles, would assure Black a good game.
No. 123. (a) Marshall says 7 ... B KKts is strongest here.
So far identical with Dr. Bernstein v. Marshall, 1911, San
P KR3, an all important
Sebastian.
Dr. B. played
difference
Omitting this move is responsible for all
subsequent trouble, (c) If K x B, Q Q3 ch and Kt x B.
(b)

No. 124.
attacking,
(c)

(a)

Q3

the

is

QRS,

etc.

modern move and more

884 ch

Because of
White has no defence.
(b)

If

Px

P,

Bi,

BxP

RS, etc.
17

2,

ANSWERS.
No 125. (a) B
P x P winning still.

Kt5 or Kt

167

Qa.

(b)

By

KKt3.

PxP

No. 126.

2...P
is
Q4 is a risky continuation. 3
stronger than Kt x P. 3...? x P can be played with an
K2 is better than QxP.
White
equal game.
6...Q
B8 ch and 9 B x Kt, with a winning
should have played 8 Q
i6...Kt
position.
K4 is a fatal error, if R Qi it would
have taken White a long time to win.

much

12 O
Better would be 6
O.
K2.
12 B
K2 was stronger, but
at this period Black has the better game.
The mate is 22...
R R4 ch ; 23 K x R, Q R6 ch ; 24 K Kt5,
ch ;
26 K K$, Q K3 mate.
25 K 64, P Kt4 ch

No. 127.

PxP, and

PxP

if

R4 and

PR^

No. 128.

No. 129.

K2,

(a)

K2

PxP.

or

RxKt, Q

(b)

R8 ch

Kts ch.

No 130. (a) 6...Kt K4 instead of Kt R3. White


could have continued with 7 Kt x BP with advantage. 7...B
KKts instead of Kt R3- ir...K KS instead of K Kr.
12. ..Q
63 instead of Kt K2, though White has a won
in

game

any case.

No. 131.

(b) 6...K

No. 132.
3,

Kt5

the worse of

R5,

it.

KR3

7 Kt

K2

Q2 Q
,

n
n

Best.
4
g...KtxP; 10 B x Kt, P
12 Kt
KB3, KtxB, and Black gets little
Inferior is 9...?
4 ; 10 Px Kt, P x B ;
12 PxP.

(c)

Kt

Qi

No. 133. (a) At move 7-..Q RS ch 8 P Kt3, Qx KP ;


10 Kt x P ch, K Qi
Q Q6, Kt
9 QKt 63, Q x R
Probably 8...K Bi
63 12 Kt x R, Q B6 has been tried.
than P KKt3, and I2...B K3 than P QBj.
is safer
18
If Q x Q
White would play 17 Bx Kt, winning a piece.
;

PxQ.

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMl

168

No. 134.

No.

135.

(a)

BxPch, K

10

BxPch;

KtxKt,

Bi,

n Q

PxKt;

Hi,

Oj.

6 Kt x
No. 136. (a) (i) 5 ... P Q4
7 Kt R 5 (if 7 PxP, Q RS; and if 7
8 PxQ, Kt Qs), BxPch. (it) 6 ... P
BxKt; 8 QxQ, KtxQ QPxB, Kt
;

K Br
ch,
QxP, QxQ;
Q4
7 QxP,

No. 137.

Or
ch,

K2

R6

(b)

RxQch, K

Kach, B

ch,

Kts
Kt3 ch, K

RS; 4 P

R6

BS
;

ch,

Kt4;

Bi mate.

B Kts 2 R 65 ch, K RS 3 P Kt3


B Bi mate, (c) 7 ... P Q3, and if 8 O
;

B KKts. Possibly 13. ..B KKts is stronger than Kt Kt3.


16 ...K Kt2 seems better than K R4- The attack wins, but
there does not appear to be an immediate mate.

O,

No. 138.

No. 139.

Because

(a)

it is

verted into an attack on


and O O.

No. 140.
moves.

(b) 6

...

a development

KBP.

QR3,

(b)

to

and can be con-

To develop

his

side

meet White's sth and 6th

No. 141.

No.
No.

142.

143.

(c)

Kt

(d)

K7ch, KtxKt; 10 P x

9 Kt

R2.

If

BxP, PxB;

Kt.

9QxP,

Q-B3.
No. 144.
to Kt

Kts,

No. 145.

4 ...
KS.

(c)

(a)

Q3

Q3, then

if

0.3

with a view

SECTION

IL

Queen's Knight's Opening.


No. 146.

(b) 5

Qs-

Bi,

...

Ktsch; 19 K

R x B ch

...

(c) 17

65

18

Qi,

83. (b) 6 ... P KR4, threatening


(a) 5 ... Kt
67 or 7...Q Rscli. (c) 12 PxPch, KxP;
R6ch, K Ri
B6ch, KtxQ; 15 B x Kt
14 Q

No. 147.
7... Kt
13 Q

mate.
64. (c) 13... KtxKtch; 14 K
(b) 12 g
Kt K5 ch
16 RP x Kt, QRx B,
15 K moves, Kt x Q
16 PxB,
Black should win. (d) Because after 15 ... B xQ
RxB; Black's superiority of pawns should win easily, (e)
20...R Kt6. (f) If 22 PxB, R Kt7ch, and mates next

No. 148.

2,

move.
No. 149.
5

...

P x Kt

K2,
;

ii

(a)

moves are

Kt

(b)

Better

and 7

Bx P

...

Kt3.

...

Kt

63, 4 ...
10 Kt

By

Q2,

B6

ch,

mate.

No. 150. (a) K3- (b) He should bring out the QB with
a vtew to castling QR. (c) 9 ... P x P ; 10 Kt x P, Kt x Kt ;
ii PxKt, Q
4.
(d) By 19... KtxB; 20 PxB, Kt
KS.

ch

K
B

No. 151.

Black should move 4

No. 152.

(a)

10

Ki,

84 ch; 13 Kt
12 K
KS ch
K3,
;

Kts.

K Q3, QxKtch;
Q By mate, (c)
K4,

Mate

(b)

K
... Q

ii

Bx

67

Kt ch,
ch, etc.
169

...

Bi.

in four

K2,

85 ch

etc..

by 9 ... Q
Kt5 ch

12
(d) By ii
;

K
...

By
;

12

Q3,
Kt

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

170
No. 153.

... P
Q3
KtxBch, K Ki

Black should play 10

(a)

BxKt.

Kt6,

12

By

(b)

and

if

i3~KtxP

mate.

No.

154.

(a)

Kt B6ch),
P x Kt ii

Kt

No. 155.

R6

15

P,

(a) 4...K

63.

(c)

KR4.

Bi.

B6.

67.

Because of 10...

(c)

(b)

IO...Q

Q.5 (threatening 10

9 Kt

(b)

10
K6.

83, menacing to R
R x Kt ch, Px R;

(d) 14

ch.

No. 156.

8...Kt

(a)

same diagonal would


etc.

...

Bx

Bi and

(c)(i)

83. (b)
invite trouble

If 14. ..Kt

83

15

K and Q being on the


from 14 O O, 15 Q Ka,
QB4, Q Bi 16 B K3,

His

0.64,
15 B
threatening 17 P Qs. (2) If 14...? 63
threatening 16 B KR6 and 178
Kt7.
(d) The capture of
the P would enable White to continue the attack on the open
K file, (e) Mate in four moves by 19 Q R5 ch, K Bi 20
B R6 ch, K Kti 21 Q K8 ch, etc.
;

63. (b) 7 Px B, Kt 63 ; 8 Kt K
O, with a strong attack, (c) 7 Kt Q5 is
8 Kt Kts ch, Q x Kt. (d)
(2) If 7 B x P ch, K x B
It is a desperate effort to gain time and to prevent the
advance of the adverse Kt to Q5. (e) 14 B Kt3 is prefer-

No. 157.

Kts, O
strong.

(a) 5...Kt

able.

No. 158. (a) 5...B Kt5 and 5-..B K2, each preparatory
to6...P
iuu...r v^^.
6...Kt
Q4. \u)
(b) u..,
KKt5. (c) There is no adequate
;nlv to IA
reply
14 B x P ch.
(a) 8...B
64 ch 9 K Ri, Kt
5.
(b) 12 B
R6. (c) 12. ..K Ri. (d) It would invite the advance of
the adverse KRP as well as leave a nasty hole at KB3. (e)

No. 159.

To win

the Q.

No. 160.

BxP

ch,

by 9 KKt

(a)

KxB

Because of 4...B x Kt 5
7 Kt x Kt, P Q4
(b) 8
;

K2 or 9

O O

O.

(c) 12

Rx
B

x Kt.

B, Kt x
>2,

followed

ANSWERS.
No. 161.

(a)

6...K

No. 162.

(a)

K Bi

necessary two moves

171

Bi.
is

best

at

move

4,

and absolutely

later.

No. 163. Not quite, but Black has a most difficult game
He plays his very best moves in the above game up
to play.
to move 15 where he captures the wrong Bishop.
I5-..Q x
B is the correct move and will ensure Black the victory.

No. 164. (a) 7 B x P, and if ...B x Kt ch 8 P x B, Q x B ;


9 Kt Q5- (b) Black would force mate in a few moves by
;
RS ch. etc. (c) 15. ..P 65 ch 16 KxP,
14.. .Q
64 ch 18 K K4, Kt 63 mate.
I7 B Q3, R
;

667

No. 165.
mate,

Q;

21

(c)

(a) g...Kt

By
B7

19

mate.

Ri

63. (b) It
ch, Kt
RS

wins the Q or forces


ch 20 Q x Kt ch, Qx
;

SECTION

III.

King's Bishop's Opening.

No.

66.

No. 167.

By

I9...Q

a piece.
Kti,

(a) It loses

R6; 20

Better

QxP

ch;

is

9 Kt

21

Kt4.

(b)

K x Q, R

R4

mate.

No. 168.

(b)

perfect safety,
R R8 ch ; 17

4,

Yes
(c)

for

By
B2,

if

15

KtxP

moves, Ktx R leaves White in


16 PxKtP,
$4, QR KRi
ch
18 K
Ki.
;

No. 169. (a) 3-..Px P is stronger, (b) Better is 4...B


although White, by 5 B x P ch, retains the superiority.

No. 170. Better moves are 3...B 84, and 4...? Q3.
Black's 7th move hastens matters, but he then has no really
satisfactory defence.
No. 171.
reply 7

(a)

Better

is

6...K

No.

may

172.
(a) KtxRP; (if) KtxKt,
R$ ch ; Kt Kt3,
ch, and mates soon,
(b) Kt
65, Kt KR4 ; Kt x RP,
85 with a strong attack.

g x Kt
Kt

Ki, to which White

KIOj.

172

SECTION

IV.

King's Gambits.

No. 173.

No. 174.

No.

No. 176.
Kt

forcing

of holding

R3 or Kt

(d) 13

175.

concentrate

K2, followed by O O and developK file with the doubled R's.

(c) io.. .B

ment with the object

(a)

19...

and

QR

63.

63, thereafter endeavouring to


on the decisive point.

Qs. If then io...Kt R4 ;


(b) Kt
to retreat and releasing
from the

P 83,
duty of

supporting BP.

No. 177.

(a)

No. 178.

(a) 12

No. 179.

(a)

At White's 4th move and then to Q4.

(e)

-K3

K3

4...B

or

Q3-

Ka, the latter being better.

(b) 16

Ki.

(c)

No.

No.

80.

181.

(a)

K3.

Hastened

his

development, which was

inferior to White's.

8O

No. 182. (a) Because if 6...QxKt; 7 PxQ, BxQ;


O ch, and White loses a Kt in the encounter, (d) 12. ..Q
Q2 orP 63.
173

SECTION

V.

King's Knight's Gambit.

Because of White's P 84. (c) Q K3 ch'


to castle.
This ought to have followed his
8th move, which should have been as stated.
No. 183.

(e)

(b)

The omission

No. 184.
diagonal

attack,
(b)

K2

64.
8 O

No. 185.

same
6..

(a)

time.

If

.OO best,

if

Or

Kx

14

if

663.

O,

Develop K's side and meet the attack at the


Kt2 5-..Kt KR3, and
practicable, 4...B
63 or R R6 to be followed by
(c) io.. .Q
;

R,

K6 ch;

Bi, Kt

5,

R3 with a view

Kt

R8 ch

holding an important
Q3, blocking the prospective
x P, P 0.3 6 P x P, Q R4 ch.
(d) Kt x P.

sPxP, BxP,

If

(a)

but

to

Q
17

Kt

RS ch

Kts.
15

(d)

For

if

13

Rx

BP,

K Kti, Q R? ch
KtxQ; 18 R x Kt, O

K2,

16

R
K

O,

and Black should win.


attack being on KBP by B
Kta would meet it, for if 5 BxP ch,
K x B 6 Kt KS ch, B x Kt 7 Q RS ch with nothing to
R2. (e) 6 Q R 5 ch, K K2
follow,
(b) By R
7 Q
67
ch, K
Q3 2 Q Qs ch, K K2 9 Kt Kt 6 ch, K Ki io
Q 67 mate.

No.

86.

(a)

and Kt (from

The impending

KS),

No. 187.
KR3. (b) 9...Kt Q2 better than
(a) 7...P
and Q.-.P Kt3 best, (c) 13...? K4.

text,

No. 188. (a)s...P


13 Kt
83, Kt

KR3

draw

his

be able

Q3.

(d)

u...QxQ,

to strengthen his position.

No. 189.

12

KtxQ, P

KB3, when White may either withor attack by P


KS. In any case Black would

(c)

io Kt

Q3, attacking KBP.


174

ANSWERS.

KR3. (P Q3, the move actually


(b) Kt
according to the best authorities. Ed.) (c) By
If 8 ... PxP; 9 Ktx P;
BxKt; 10 R Ki, etc.
Qi, to be followed by O O and B K$.

No.

190.
is

played,
P K5.

Kt

(d)

175

No. 191. (b) For after 6... PxP


7 Q x P, if 7 ... Qx Q
8 KtxQ, P Kty
10 Kt KS or 62,
9 B x P, P Qs
and Black has positional advantage, (c) Kt Kt3;

No. 192.

P_Q 5;

(c)

Kt

10

K4.

If

Qs.

n...

(d)

BxPch; 13 QxB, R R8ch;


K Ktx, Qx R ch 16 K R2, P

...

K6
64 ch;

Kt

63,

12

Q4

Kx R, Q RS ch 15
Kt6 ch
17 K
RS, Q x B
14

8 Q xP would give White


O, Px Kt
and put an end to any trouble from
K2.
Black's advanced pawns, (d) n Kt QB3 or Q

No. 193. (c) 7 O


positional superiority,

No. 194.

and

Qx

No. 195.

KBt.
Ch 3

12 Kt

(a)

Kts ch.

(a)

12... Kt

...

63

Kt

63.

is

better,

(b)

4 Q x R ch
Black's moves are forced.
;

Kt7 ch

(b)

Because of 17

(c)
;

The R may be needed at


i Q
R7 ch 2 Q R8
ch 6 Kt K4 mate.
;

665

No. 196. (a) 7 ... P Q4 and 7 ... P B6.


15 R
Q7
by 14 R 67 ch, K Kti

three
1

BxP

64

20

No. 198.

p_R 5
B

K2

KxP;

62

(a)

(a)

ch,
;

(c)

Mate

ch,

in

Q4

mate.

No. 197.

BxPch

Kt.

16 Q
mate.

18

B2ch,

K4

19

Kt3 ch,

Bi mate.

K2.

Kt2;
Kt6 ch,

Bsch,

(b)

16

14 Q
85,
Bi
19

K
K RS

17

Bi

ch,

Kt3

15

17 BxQ,
Q x P ch
Q 67 mate. If 15 ...
;

Kt3 ch,

KxB;

18

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

176

QOO, and if 9...? 86 roPxP, PxP; ir


Or 9 BxP, Kt x P 10 BxKt, QxB; 11 O O.
QB4 and 10 Q 83. (d) n KKt x BP, and if
(c) 10... P
...RxKt; 12 P Q6. (e) 12 Kt K6. (f) 15 P 83, but
No.

199. (b)

QxP.

even then Black's extra material should win.

No. 200.
stronger,

K3

No. 201

PxP; 12
K Bi, Q
take

18...

(a)

7...

Kt

Qs,

the

R.

Ka,

Because

(d)

BxQ

19

BxB

Kt2.
(b)
i or Kt2.

17

PxB,

12

Kti;

10...

Q Q

R8ch;

Kt4; 21

K2

...

K
QxRPch.

19

ii

(a)

(b)

15

(c)

Kt

or

18

83;
...

seem*

83

Q R6

PxP,

R; ch

...

16

and

Black must not


20 B R4ch,
19... QxQ;
etc.,

mate.

No. 202. (a) 7...B Kt2. (b) Q K2 or O O.


14 ... Kt
Although it saves the piece it loses the game.
would give Black chances, (d) 17 B Q3 K Kt2
Q R7 ch, K 83 19 B Kt5 mate.
!

(c)

Q2
;

18

No. 203.

(a)

7 Kt

No. 204.

(a)

No. 205.

(a)

12

BxQ; 19 P
B x R mate.

R4,

No. 206. (a) P


winning the Q.

82
O.

(b)

(b) 17

K13.

Q K4 ch
Q4.

(b)

u Q

20

$.3.

...

Q Q8

K Qi

R3,

18 Q
21

BxB;

mate, and also

Kts,

RxP,

883,

No. 207. (b) ii ... BxKt, followed by R Kti,or possibly


O, seems to promise a fairly good defence, (d) Be18 BxKt,
cause 16... Kt Q4; 17 P K6, QKt 83

KtxB;

19

No. 208.

RxPch,
(b) 8

No. 209. (b)


Kt6 wins.

ii

etc.

Q4,
Ki.

Kt6
(c) 14

K
Q4-

Kti.
(d) If 19

PxR

ANSWERS.
No. 210. (b) If 15
because of the threat 15
No. 211.

R R8 ch.

(a)

...

QxR, QxRch,
P

...

...

(b) 10

177

but chiefly

etc.;

Kt6.

Kt6, followed by Q
63 and
K2, making ready to castle QR.

SECTION VL
King's Bishop's Gambit.

No. 212.
Kt x Q
23
;

21

(d)

K Qi

KtxPch,

B6

22

ch,

K7 mate.

No. 213. (a) If Black had played 7 ... Kt K2 he would


have kept out the White Kt. (b) White would ignore the
threat, and play Q
Kt4, as in the game, (d) If 19 ...
Kt R3
20 Kt x P ch wins in a few moves.
;

No. 214.

No. 215.

(a)

An

unprotected ("loose"') pi^ce is always


see Black's 8th move.
B Kt3 was safe,
ch, and Black wins at least the exchange.

liable to attack:

(b)

Then Kt x P

No. 216.
16

(a)

14

K-Kt5, Kt

...

85 ch

Kt

R2ch;

17

15

R$,

R4,

Kt

Kt7 ch

KKt3 mate.

No. 217.
No. 218.
13 Kt

(b) ii

Qs mate.

B xPch, K

Bi

12 Kt

K6

ch,

K2

SECTION

VII.

King's Pawn.

Centre Openings.

No. 219. (a) B Q2. (h) Loss of Kt. Probably better


is Kt
63. (c) 12 ... QxKt; 13 QxQ, Kt x Pch ; 14 K
moves, Kt x Q, etc. (d) The omission to develop K's pieces
This could best have been done at
early and to castle.
moves 6 to 8.

Kt

No. 220.
Because of 9
(a)
Or 10
Kt5 ch, winning Q.
and allowing Black to play

P 64 best, (c)
Q R7 mate, (d) 17

KxB

19

(or

PxKt, B

15
...

18

Kt5 (or

BxR)

No. 221. (a) 20 BxKtP! (b)


Kt6 ch, P x Kt
22 Q R3 ch,

Kt

No. 222.
19

QxB

...

(a) 15

BxPch;

Ri),

10 K x H,
Ri, Kt Kt5, moving
R5, or P 0.4, etc.
Kt6 ch
16 K Kt2,

BxPch;

...

Q3.

RS

...

23

K Ri

QxQ

QxPch, K

18

(b)

B-R6ch;

mate.

20

If

Kt2,

21
;
mate.

Kti

mate.

No. 223.

(a)

PxP

...

accepted the offered exchange,

and it wastes time to defend by P QB4. Better


White in development, (b) 5 ... Kt QB3. (c) 9

to follow

B7ch,

KxKt; 10 B 84 ch, KxP; u Kt Q2 ch, K Q6


12 Q
64 ch, K 87
13 PxP ch, KxP; 14 Q
Kt3 ch,
KxR; 15 O Ornate. Prettier than 15 Q Kti mate, or
14 R Kti ch, K R6 15 Q Kt3 mate, or 14 Q QBi mate.
;

No. 224.
castling,

(a)

(b) 7

Moves Black
...

to

if

and prevents him


Kt5 ch, Kt Q2.

file

open

K2, and

Kt

No. 225. (a) 6 ... KtxP. (b) 7 ... Kt K2.


(c) To
save KB, which is necessary to the attack, and to induce
Black Q into a corner.

No. 226.
14
15
16

63,

(b)

If

KxB;

BxR, etc.
B x P mate.

(c)

15

Kt KB3
RxPch,

If

14

12

...

...

13

etc.

PxQ;

178

R
If

15

KKti,
14

...

R3,

Q R6

Kti

84

;
;

ANSWERS.

179

At Black's 4th move, (c) 8 ... Kt R*. If


QB3, and if KB is not moved 10 ...
Ktx B but if 10 B
QKt4, etc., with the object of
>3, P
breaking up the flanking attack, a:id O O, which is preferable to O O O, in view of the open Q field White has.
K2, etc.
(d) Because of 18 B
No. 227.

(a)

Q R4 ch, P

No. 228.
17 Q
If 17 PxP,

ii

(c)

Q3

No. 229.

(a)

ii

...

R7ch,

(e)

Bi

...

18

R7

at once,

Q4
;

K B2

ch,

16

PxKt.

...

R K8 ch

(b) 18

QB3.

EK^.

...

(d) 13

R8 mate.

and mates

next move.

No. 230. (a) 10 ... B Q3. (b) 13 ... B Kt2. This


might advantageously be followed by Kt Qa and QR Ki.
i5...BxB. For then if 16 RxB, QxQP; i7RxB,
(c)
Kt Q2, and Black is no longer in danger. If 18 R 04,
Q Kt3, threatening Q Kt8 mate.

No. 231.
26 ... B

If

(a)

21 Kt

No. 234.

...

(a) 7

No. 233.
63.

663.

Q3

No. 232.

12 Q
K2, forcing the exchange of Q's.
wins, (d) 32 ...
etc.

(b)

(c)

QB3

15 ...
Kt6,
...

(a)

blocks

KtxB.

Kts.
of

22

63.
Kt5.

QxP, K

(b)

Kt

Kt

(b)

PxKt;

R8ch, and allowing

...

ii

...

(d)

20...

Kti.

K2

to

meet

O, which should follow as

early as practicable.

No. 235. (a) 8 B Q2, if Q moves 9 B QKt5. If 8 ...


BxKt; 96x6, which gives a better position, (c) 18 ...
;

RRS.
No. 236.
No. 237.

No. 238.
22

Kt4.

R5,
If

20 Kt x
19 B x P ch, K Bi
with some advantage.
(b) 21

(a)

regaining the
must queen.

Q
(a)

P
24

Better

seems

...

Ki.

PxR

etc.,

and

Then

if

23 Q Kt3, Q K6ch; 24 K Kti,


Ri ch, etc.
(b) 25 R
Q2, Rx Kt

63;

21

P ch,

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

i8o

No. 239.

Q4

Q RS

83, P
there

Kt

If

QB3, or Kt
or

82.

is

mate

KB3, or P Kt3, or
If Kt
KR3, P mates.
Qj,

Rz.

If

in four at most.

i ... Kt
Q6ch 2 K Q2 (if K Kti, Q x
13 KxKt(if K K3, B B 4 ch; KxKt, B
ch 5 R
Kt4 ch 4 K K3,
4, B x

(a)

QxPch

(f)

Rsch; KtxP, RxKt; P

KR4

No. 240.
mate),
Kt4 mate),

Kt

(c)

(d)

664

mate.

R4, advancing the Kt and opening


Bi with a view to Kt
... R
QKt5. (c) Because it is a further frustration of Black's
third move, and leads to his pieces being cramped up in the
Q field, (e) The attack on KR, forcing it to B2. admits of a

No. 241.

the

way

for

(a) 5

Kt

...

Q RS ch.

(b) 8

by Q 63 and QR KBi, also of


and KR on the second rank is in a use-

possible triple alliance

doubling on

QB file,

ful position.

No. 242. (a) 7 ... P KKt3 might be played, being


Kt2.
followed, of course, by 8 ... B
(b) To open R's file by
a clever sacrifice, (c) 10 ... P 84. (d) 12 P x P ch, K Kti
R8ch,
13 R
14 Q
RS ch, K Kti r 15 P Kt6, R
moves ; 16 Q R7ch, K Bi ; 17 Q R8 mate.
;

KxR;

(a)6P Q5. If 6 ... Px P 7 B xQP, or if 6 ...


K4, 7 Q
83 and in either case White has the advantage in position, (b) 10 O O, and if Kt x B ;
Q x Kt, Q x
BP ; 12 Kt Kt5, Q x R 13 Kt 67 ch. (c) 13 B K3- (d)
i6QxRch, KxQ; 17 B R3 ch, K Ki, and White can
now play either 18 B Kt2 or K Qi.
No. 243.

No. 244. (a) Because it has no more bearing on the centre


position than from 83, blocks the QB, and deprives Q of
command of her front. It should be followed by 5 ... B K2
and 6 ... KKt 63. (b) 6 ... B Q3 is perhaps as good as
anything, but there is no really satisfactory defence, (c)
Kt2.
9..., B

No. 245.

(a)

The strong prospective attack on K side


Q RS and open R file. 7 ... P KKt3 or
;

Kt

at Kt5,

KR4.

(b) 10

No. 246.

(a)

6...

K2.

Q3,

...

...

(c) ii

K x B was
P

...

Q.3 in

Bi.

fatal.

anticipation of P
K5. (b)
If 12 Q
B6ch, K Ki.

ANSWERS.

181

No. 247. (b) Probably best to simplify matters by 6...Q x


Q; 7 KtxQ, B Q3 8...Kt K2, 9 ...O O. (c) 8...Kt 84,
preventing O O O, and obtaining an attacking position.
;

No. 248. (a) Via Q2. (b) 7...B K2. (c) 13 QxQ ch,
and 14 B x Kt ch, separating Black's pawns.
(d) 14 Kt x
RP, KxKt; 15 Q KR5 ch, K Kti
i6BxP, PxB; 17
QxPch, K Ri 18 Q RS ch, K Kti 19 R K3, R 82;
20 R Kt 3 ch, R Kt2
21 R x Rch, K x R
22 B
R6 ch,
K 83 23 Q Kts ch, K K3 24 R Ki ch, K Q3 25
;

Q Q2

ch,

26

84
28 P

Kt 4
mates next move.
3 ch,

No. 249.
Tarrasch.

(f)

No. 250.

13

(d) 14. ..B


87 ch,
19

(a) 7

Q x R, Q x Kt

83

ch,

KxP;

ch,

Kt3

29

84

27

ch,

and

KB3, followed by O O. Tarrasch


Kt5 ch
15 K
Q2, B R4

Kt

(b) 7

QR4

and Schlechter.

K3, O
14 P

Q3

20 Kt

O O 8 Kt
KB 4 Q Q 2
,

(b) 12. ..R

2.

ch.

K4

No 251. (a) 7...Kt Q5. (b) White gets three minor


19 K 83, B
pieces for the Q. (c) Thus ; i8...B x P ch
Kts ch ; 20 K Kt3, B Q7 ch ; 21 K R4, R Kts ch ; 22
K RS, Kt Qs; 23 KtxB, KtxP ch ; 24 K R6, B Bi
mate. If 21 K R2, B 88 ; 22 P QKt4,
23 Kt Q
If 19 K
R4, R Kts ch ; 20 K RS, Kt
83, R Kt7 mate.
g5 21 K R6, KtxP; 22 RxB, B Bi mate. If 19 K
;

RxP

R2,

Rx P

No

252.

mate.
(b)

No, because of 12

B x P, P

QxP,

13

etc.

No. 253. (a) 9 Q Q2, which, as a rule, should precede


the advance of the KBP. (b) 17 P 83. (c) 19 P 83 gives
White chances.

No. 254.

RSand
KKti

Ri, Kt

(a)

wins,

5 ...P-B 3
(c) 17

Kts,

Bi

22 Kt x

(b) 13

P-B 3

(b) 17 Q-R6,
Ri ; 18
ch, K

RS

QxP ch;

19 Kt

No. 255.

Kt

BP

20

KxQ, B

Kti ch

18 Kt

R6,

21

mate.

Kt6 ch

PxQ

No. 256.
(a) Black's 4th move.
advanced one square only.

14

B x KKtP

The P

mate.

should be

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

82

No. 257.

ch,

(a)

K2

No. 258.

(a) 9...B

No. 260.

(a)

No. 261.

(a) 3...B

Black's 6th move,

(c)

when

K2, or 3-..Kt
7 ...P-g 4

(d)

is

(b)

6...B

By

Kt5-

(a)

4...?

Oj.

(a)

7...?

QB4, leaving K2

RS,

better

83.

No. 262.
263.

83.

K2.

No

Probably 9 Kt

Kt

83.

(a) 7...Kt

(c) 5

No. 259.

3orP-QR 3

P,

K2. (b) 3...P KS.


10 Kt Qs mate.

Kt3

10

free for the Q.

R6.

(b)

Or even 9 Ktx

PxKt; loQxKPch.
No. 264.

(a) 3...?

No. 265.

(a) 5. ..Ktx Kt.

K3.

(b) 4...Kt
(c)

8...B

KB3.
K2.

No. 266. (a) Ignores the combination of White's last


three moves, (b) n ... Q
R5, merely delaying the mate a

move.

SECTION

VIII.

Queen's Pawn.

Centre Openings.

No. 267.
No. 268, (a) It creates a weakness on K3. i2...QKt 63
probably better, (c) To be able to play P R3 on the
advance of the adverse KtP.
R Ry ch, K Kti ;
(f) 34
35 P Kt;, R Kt4
36 Px R (Q) ch, Kx Q
37 Kt K6 ch,
B x Kt, and White mates in two moves.
is

No. 269.
ch

B Kts
QxB.
P

64

(c)

(a)5PxP, PxP;
;

KtxP, KtxKt;

BxQ,

BxQ ch,

winning a piece, (b) 8...


By io...PxP. (d) 15 Kt K6 ch, K 63 16
KS (if Kt is taken, P x P ch and Q Kt3 ch); 17
8

Q2,

Kt5ch, KxKt; 18 Q KS ch. K Q>2


19 KR Qi ch,
Q6 20 Ktx P, K 63 21 Rx Kt, Qx R ; 22 R Bi ch,
K Kt3 23 Q 67 ch and mates in fiVe. (e) 19 P 84, and
if...P x P 20 QR
Qi, Q Kt3 21 R Q6. (f) 24 R x B ch,
KtxR 25 Kt Q5ch. If 23. ..B Q2 24 Kt Q5 ch, Ktx
Kt
26 Q x Q, Kt x Q
27 R x B ch,
25 Kt R7 ch, K 82
K Kti 28 Kt x R and wins.

Kt

No. 270.

(a) 10. ..B

follow with i6...P

Kt5,

making ready

to castle,

(b)

To

KKt4.

No. 271. (a) H...B QKt5, to relieve the pressure on his


67 ch, followed by R x B or Q
(b) 17 Kt
QP. Hoffer.
x KtP accordingly.

No. 272. (a) 6...QKt Q2.


(e) Probably 14 Px Kt, P

Kt.

ing 16

QR

Kti.

183

(b) ...P
64 ; 15

QB 4

(d) 13 Ktx
O, threaten-

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

184

No. 273.
(a) 6 ... O
Kta 9 Kt KS, O O
RxB; 12 Kt B6, Q Ki

Q KS;
63
17 Q
mates

and wins,

in three

Kt5,

B x B,
Kti
13 Kt x B, Q x Kt
14 Kt x P,
16 B
R6, QxKtP;
FxKt;
B6,

Because

(d)

Probably 8

(h)

KtxKtch,

15

O.
10

moves, by 18

i7...BPxB, White
63
19- Q x RP ch,

if

R6,

etc.

No. 274.
...B

White should have played 4 Kt KB3 or P


move was also a blunder, (b) Because of 7

(a)

His

K3.

fifth

Kt5 ch.

No. 275.

(a)

No. 276.

(a)

7...B

BxP
K Bi

15 B x
18

ch,

Q3.
K3.

QxB

Q5-

No. 281,

QKts.

x P, and

17

if...

Ki ch,

62.

(c)

Qx

15

(d)

K6.

(a)

(b)

17

KB3. (c) 6...P x


Ki, Q x Q or 8 ... Q

64.

(c)

K2,

9...B

(c)

French defence, (b) 1 1


Kt, Q x QBP, and White

in the

13

Kt5-

4 Kt

R6

(b)

No. 279.

B,

B KS, R KB 4
20 QxR, QxQ 21
4 KPxP. (c) 7 P QR3.

P; i6QxKt,RxB;
B; !9QxR, R K4

Qx

(b)

K2, as
(a) 5 B
i2PxB, KtxB;

is still in difficulties,

No. 280.
Kt (Kt) ch

Probably 14

(b)

16

15. ..Kt

K4.

No. 277. (a) 5-..P


(d) ii...Q-Bi.
No. 278.
...BxKt;

Probably

(c)

E.g., 15...

Kt

Rx
Rx

i2...KtxKt.

K2,

Px

Q6

ch,

ch, etc,

Q2, and

9 Kt

K2,

83.

(d)

P ch
RS

18

if

Kt

Bi.

No. 282.
(a) White's omission of P
K3 before capturHis 7th move was also a blunder.
ing the KtP.

No. 283.

and

(a) 5

No. 284.
i2...KtxKt
No. 285.
ch,

Qi

No. 286.

B4

8...P

(a)
;

13

9 P

(c) i8...Kt

QKt3.

QKt3 followed by...B

BPxKt, Kt

(a)6...QxP.
;

(b)

K4,

on the QP.

to force

16
(a)

13. ..KtxKtch

RS

9 ...P

ch,

(b)

Q2.

(c)2O...

For

after

82

17

KB3, and

if

i4...QxQ

R QBi

10

Kt2.

(b)

BxB.
;

15

BxQ

wins the R.

R4,

62.

(b)

ANSWERS.
No
(d)

287.

(a)

4 ...P

No. 288.

6...KPxP.

(a)

No. 289.
;

Better

(a) It
is

No. 291.
is

(a)

played to 83.

No. 292.
Q2, and
mate.

Kt$ch.

63

B x P ch, K

14

The BP should be advanced


(b)

H...R

Ktsch,

before the

QKt

Ki.
(b) i6...Kt
B6 ch,

KS.

...Q x B, 25

12

KS

allows Black to open his game by ...P


KB4. (b) 7 Q 82. (c) 10 Q K2.

(a) 9...?
if

K4

K3.
(b) Because of 7
winning, (c) io...Q Kt3.

(a) 4...P

Q Q6 ch,

No. 290.
4.

...B

n QxPch, K

(b)

BxQ, P

Q3, QxKtch; 13
15 Kt
Ktscli, etc.

K2

K4 and

(b) ...P

K3.

84 ch.

185

K4.
Kti

Then 24
R6

(c)
;

26 Kt

No. 293. (a) 3...B Kts. (b) 7 P KS, B K2 8 P Q$


(c)8...BxKt; 9 PxB, Q RS. (d)9...BxKt. (e)nQxP
12 Ktx Bch, K
ch, K xQ
RS 13 KKt Kt4ch, K Kt4
16 B
K2 ch,
15 P
14 P R4ch. K BS
Kt3 ch, K B6
I

Kt7

17

R R2 ch, K

No. 294. (a)


be captured.

n Q

Kt8

K2.

18

(b) It

K Q2

mate.

would allow the

QBP

to

(a) i...P
Q3 may be ventured only by an exshould be followed quickly by ...P K4- Black
should have developed his QKt via Q2. 6...P R3 was weak.
6. ..BxKt, followed by ...P
K4, being more to the point.
7...Kt QKti is better than the text move, and Black's loth
is an obvious blunder.

No. 295.

pert,

and

it

No. 296.
18

(a)

KS, etc.

No. 297.

16
If

BxPch, B
i6...Kt

(a) 4...B

Q2

Kt2.

Q2
;

17

(b) 8...B

17

PxBch, K

Qi,

Qi

etc.

K3, and

if

9 Kt

64

Q-Kt 3
No. 298.

(a)

to hold the pawn


3 Kt
KB3 is correct.

Through trying

accepting the counter gambit.

after

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

186

No. 299. (b) y...P Q4, bringing about the ordinary


Q.G.D. (c)n B Qj, and if n...PxP 12 Bx P, with a
view to attacking Black's weak KP presently, (d) To win a
P by i2...BxKt, etc.
;

No. 300.

(a)

O.

(b) 8...Kt x P.

It

was preferable

to

move QKt.

SECTION

IX.

King-Side Openings.

No. 301.

Kt

18

(a) 15

Ki
R;ch, K

B6,

No. 302.

20

16 Kt
;

19
x Kt

Because

QxB

ch,

it

Q x B ch, B

No. 304.

7
5

305.

RS

ch,

PxPch

(a)

etc.

and

if

17

(c)

Kt6ch,
23

KxKt;

KxR;

Q 64 ch, K

19

K2.

R3 which admits

Kt

(a) 5

20 Kt

No. 303. (a) By 5-..P 83. (c) Because


he would be mated in one move, by B x P or

No.

K$, O O
B6, etc.

would retard White's opening,


(d) By i6...B x R.

ch, winning B.
18 RxQ,

Qs

R;ch,

(b)

87

63;

Q x Kt

prevent 8...Q

Ki

Kt

Ktx Bch,

Ri
19 Kt x Pch, R
B8ch, K Kti 22 Q

KxB; 21 Kt
Q R8 mate.
(c) To
If 17

QxB,

18

in

either

case

Qx P

of Kt

82

or

Bi

BxB, PxB;
5 ...
K3 ;
Black's line of play should have been
6 BxP, Q Bi.
If

ANSWERS.

187

SECTION

X,

Queen-Side Openings.
No. 306.
No. 307.

67

ch,

(a)

R2

...

P-K 3

(b)

15

Kt8 ch,

28

...

P-QB 3

K R3

(d)

29

27

Q R8

mate.

R Qi
P K3
14 Q B 4
(c) If
B4ch; 16 B Q2, RxBch; 17 K Bi,
Q Qi 18 K Kti, R Q8 ch 19 K R2, Q Q4ch, etc.
B Q2, PxB;
16
of
15... Q Q4ch;
(d) Because
B6ch; 18 K 82, P Q8(Q)ch ; 19 R x Q,
17 P B 4 Kt
21 K Kt3, Kt 64 ch
Q x R ch 20 K x Kt, Q B8 ch
etc.
18 ... Q Q7ch; 19 K Kti, Q Q8ch; 20
(e)
IS

No. 308.
(a) 5
Q Kt4ch, Kt

...

R2,

Q x BP

No. 309.

Q 65 ch

No. 310.

mate.

(a)

35

(a) 8

...

Kt2,
...

Q2.

Kt

Kt

(b) 17

QB 3

34

(d)

...

B6 mate.

Qs-

SECTION

XI.

Odds.
18

K
22

No. 311. (b) By


20 Q Q3ch,
Kt6;

R5 mate.

If

21

...

R4ch,

KxP;
K

Kt6

21
;

Kt5

19

K2

Q R/ ch, K
22 Q R2 mate.

ch,

Kt4

MEMORABLE CHESS GAMES.

88

(a)

No. 313.

(a)

To draw

that the black

No. 314.

Kt

No. 316.
17

Kti

18

...

Mate

(a)

BxBch, R

No. 318.

...

Kt

Kt$.

diagonal az
7 K x B.

off the
(c)

g8, so

KB3.
Kt

...

14

(c)

16

the

Kt

83.

(b)

18

20...

If

three

in

PxPch, K moves;

No. 317.

(a)

and 8

B K6ch, etc.
R x Kt, etc.

21
Kts 22

64

...

can be moved,

(a)

No. 315.

K2

Kt

No. 312.

RxP

By ao Q Kt3 ch,
21 R
R4
Kty,
;

by 16

Kt6ch,

PxQ;

mate.

By 14 QxPch, KtxQ; 15 Kt Kt6ch,


B K3
64 ch, Q Q4
17 BxQch
:

62

(b) ii

...

19

BxR

Bi.

mate.

No. 319.
No. 320.

No. 321. (b)


If 9 ...
game.

K R4

ii

If 9...

Kt3
Kt4ch, K
;

Ki
10

R$

move), as in the actual game,


next move.

P
;

10 Kt

65
12

K6, with the better


K R3 (if 10 ...
84, and mates next

ch,

(c) 13

Kt5,

and mates

CORRECTIONS.
Game

12

Note

14

20

QxKt(Ks)
(a)

Tarrasch

i7...BxKKt
14 Q KKt 3

40

i6...KxQ

53

9...PxKP;note(b),

71

12

80

Note

(Kt2) x

81

KtxKP

(d) refers to Black's

22nd move

(c)

nth

92

20

B x KtP

107
116

16

...

125

Collijns

134

Insert

12

Kt x KtP mate

QB4
stop after

full

words

"

pawn

"

and

"instead"

KR3 mate

144

164

Note

177

Add

187

nQxKtP

(b) refers to White's 14111


to note (b)

move

Black, however, should reply

6...QxKt!
200

i, 2, 3,

221

i7-..KBxP

223
268

21. ..Kt

274

4 ...PxQP

277

Magyar Sakkvilag

279

6...B

Note

(c)

(headings) Kieseritzky

White mates

Q2

KB4

in six

moves

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