Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

ISSN 1812-9498. . 2011.

1 (51)

[551.464.38+581.526.325.3(262.81)]:546.23

. . , . . , . . , . .


4 ,
. -
,
, -
. ,
, [1].
.
[2].
. -
-
Se- ,
, -
.
.
-5-, , -
, , .
. ,
, , .
, , ,
, , -
, (, , -
), .
,
, ,
, [3].
. , , -
,
. -
. H2Se , , -
.
.
-
. , ,
.
, [4].
-
- , ,
, [1].
,
[5].
,
. ,
- . , ,
, [6].


Se -
.

10

.

, , -
Se+4
2,3- .


, -
.
. 1 ,
, . . -
, .

250
Se, /

200

150

100

50

. 1. S

, Se 115 /,
146 /, 230 /.
,
2030 , ,
(Fe, Pb, Co, Cr Se) 7080 %, [7].
-
- (, , , , ,
, , .). , -
, , , . , -
, , -
.
, (Zostera marina)
671 /, (Rhodophyta) 469 / (. 2).

700
Se, /

600

500
400

300
200

100
0

. 2. Se
11
ISSN 1812-9498. . 2011. 1 (51)


,
.
1. , -
. 115 /,
146 /, 230 /.
2. ,
671 /, 469 /.
3.
671 /.


1. . ., . . // . 1973.
8. . 109111.
2. Arthur J. R., Beckett G. J. ed. Burk R. F. Roles of selenium in type I iodithyronin 5 deiodinase and in thyroid
hormone and iodine metabolism // Selenium in biology and human health. N.Y.: Springer-Verlag,
1994. P. 93115.
3. Larsen P. R., Berry M. J. Nutritional and hormonal regulation of thyroid hormone deodinases // Ann. Res.
Nutr. 1995. Vol. 15. P. 323352.
4. . ., . ., . . , ,
( , -
) // . 1978. 8. . 12111229.
5. Koehrle J. The trace element selenium and the thyroid gland // iochimie. 1999. Vol. 81 (5). P. 527533.
6. . . . .:
, 1981. 61 .
7. . . C : , , . .: , 2006. 254 .

17.02.2011

THE CONTENT OF SELENIUM


IN SEDIMENTS AND PLANTS
OF NORTHERN CASPIAN SEA
N. A. Golubkina, O. A. Chizhenkova, V. F. Zaitsev, E. S. Spiridonova
Selenium is an element of the 4th group of the main subgroup of Men-
deleevs periodic table that has similar chemical properties of sulfur. Selenium
can replace sulfur in the sulfur-containing amino acids to form selenium amino
acids that are more active biologically and are more powerful protectors of ioniz-
ing radiation than sulfur-containing amino acids. In addition, selenium amino ac-
ids help to reduce the amount of free radicals, breaking the activity and properties
of enzymes and amino acids. The study of the level of selenium accumulation
in sediments and algae of the Northern Caspian Sea showed that it is rather high.
The higher concentration of selenium is found in Zostera (Zostera marina),
it accounts 671 mg/kg. In sediments with a lot of shells selenium level reaches
230 mg/kg. It is known that algae can accumulate selenium both from water
and ground, and partly such accumulation ability explains the high content of mi-
croelements in seaweeds.

Key words: selenium, benthos, algae, accumulation, microelements.

12

Оценить