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RESEARCH WEEKLY REPORT

QUASICRYSTALS AND HOFSTADTERS BUTTERFLY

PETER GYU YOUNG CHANG

C ONTENTS
1. 02/01/17 2
1.1. Landau Quantization 2

1
2 PETER GYU YOUNG CHANG

1. W EEK 1 (02/01/17)
1.1. Landau Quantization. 1
The setup is as follows. We consider a charged particle, e.g. an
electron, with charge q that only moves on the x y plane in a uni-
form magnetic field B~ = B^z.
1.1.1. Classical Mechanics. Classically, the equation of motion of the
charged particle is given by the equation:
mv2
~ = qvB
= q ~v B

r
Therefore, the charged particle rotates, called the cyclotron motion,
with the cyclotron radius:
mv
r=
qB
and the cyclotron angular frequency of:
v qB
= =
r m
Finally, the cyclotron energy is given by:
1 q2 B2 r2 1
E = mv2 = = mr2 2
2 2m 2

1 In my analysis, I follow Quantum Mechanics by Landau and Lifshitz closely