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Cornell Notes Topic/Objective: Name:

How and why do substances move across a cell Class/Period:

Essential Question:

Questions: Notes:

Cell Theory:
L2- how would you All living things are made up of cells
compare simple diffusion Cells are most basic unit of life
and facilitated diffusion?
New cells come from preexisting cells
No nucleus is prokaryotic such as bacteria
Has nucleus is eukaryotic such as animals, plants, and protists.

Cells come in many shapes and sizes, have generic material/DNA,

have a membrane, and have cytosol

Cell membrane:
Protects and supports cell
Regulates transport of materials in and out of cell
L3- can you predict
the outcome if a Consists of a lipid bilayer, integral proteins, and
large molecule is carbohydrate chains
moving from high Is selectively permeable
to low
concentration Passive Transport:
which type of 3 types- osmosis, simple diffusion, and facilitated diffusion
transport if would Diffusion of molecules across the cell membrane without the
be? use of energy following the flow of the concentration
3 types of osmosis- hypertonic, hypotonic, isotonic
Used to create equilibrium between cell and solute
Simple diffusion moves small, nonpolar molecules from high
to low concentration
Facilitated diffusion moves large and charged molecules
through the membrane
Hypertonic osmosis is when all the water wants to leave the
cell causing it to shrivel
Hypotonic osmosis is when water floods into the cell causing
it to swell and eventually burst
Isotonic osmosis is when water and solute are equal inside
and outside the cell. When the cell has reached dynamic

Questions: Notes

Active Transport:
Process of transporting small and large molecules against
L1- how can you concentration gradient with the use of energy
recognize the Ion pumps- pump ions such as Na+, H+, K+, and Cl-, change
difference between shape depending on ion
active and passive Cotransport- ion molecule helps other molecules, not other
transport? ions, through cell membrane
Exocytosis- process when substances are expelled from cell
via vesicles
Endocytosis- process in which membrane takes in substances
via vesicles
Phagocytosis- cell engulfs solid particle
L3- what would Pinocytosis- cell engulfs liquid particle
happen if a cell had Receptor Mediated- binding of ligands to receptors trigger
to take in a large vesicle formation
amount of liquid? Ligand- any molecule that binds specifically to receptor site
of other molecule
Bulk transport- movement of macromolecules such as
L4- what info can proteins and polysaccharides into and out of cells
you gather to
Against concentration gradient is from low to high
support the idea
that cells
transport things
until equilibrium is liquid or soli



Endocytosis Exocytosis
Summary: Passive and active transport move molecules through the cell membrane. Active transport requires
energy because it moves larger molecules and moves the molecules against the concentration gradient. Passive
transport doesnt require energy because it moves molecules with the flow of the gradient. Passive transport
transports small nonpolar molecules through its lipid bilayer and larger molecules such as water through
aquaporins or protein channels. Active transport transports small molecules through ion pumps and large
molecules through endocytosis or exocytosis which involves vesicles.