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Emily Mitchell

February 3rd, 2017

Period 7

Compare and contrast: #126 vs. #130

Les Demoiselles dAvignon by Pablo Picasso translates to The Young Ladies of

Avignon and was created in 1911 by oil on canvas. The work portrays five nude female

prostitutes from a brothel on Aviny Street in Barcelona, Spain. This painting was created under

the idea of analytical cubism, an early 20th-century style and movement in art, especially

painting, in which perspective with a single viewpoint was abandoned and use was made of

simple geometric shapes. Each women in the image is depicted in a disturbing confrontational

manner and none are traditionally feminine; they appear as slightly menacing and rendered with

angular and disjointed body shapes. In this adaptation of primitivism and abandonment of

perspective in favor of a flat, two dimensional picture plane, Picasso makes a major withdrawal

from traditional styles of European painting. Les Demoiselles dAvignon is considered to be a

critical piece in the early development of both analytical cubism and modern art.

In 1911, Georges Braque created The Portuguese also during the period of analytical

cubism. In most of his works, objects are fragmented and reconstructed into geometric forms,

fracturing the picture plane in order to explore a variety of viewpoints. In this painting,

everything is fractured; the guitar player and the dock are just some many pieces of broken form,

almost like broken glass. By breaking these objects into smaller elements, Braque was able to

overcome the unified singularity of an object and instead transform it into an object of vision.

Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso were considered the co founders of Cubism. The artists
developed a visual language of geometric planes and compressed space that rejected the

conventions of perspective and representation. They draw from their lives to make their work but

still maintain small identifiable clues to a realistic figure.