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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: umbrella handover

RF Power Control
and Handover
Algorithm: BSC
handovers

RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: umbrella handover


Umbrella handover procedure enables network-directed traffic control between umbrella (macro) cells and
microcells.

The parameter EnableUmbrellaHO indicates whether the umbrella handover procedure is enabled.
The umbrella handover is enabled when the value is 'yes'.

The figure below shows the process leading to the handover.

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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: umbrella handover

Figure: Umbrella handover

Target cell evaluation

If the umbrella handover is enabled, the BSC evaluates the radio link properties of the adjacent cells in
order to find a target cell for the handover at every HoPeriodUmbrella interval. The range of the
parameter HoPeriodUmbrella is from 0 to 63 SACCH multiframe periods.

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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: umbrella handover

The measurement results of the adjacent cell must satisfy the following equation (1') before the umbrella
handover is possible:

EQUATION 1'.
AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) > HoLevelUmbrella(n)

The parameter HoLevelUmbrella(n) (set for each of the 32 adjacent cells) is the level which the
signal level AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) of the adjacent cell (n) must exceed before the umbrella handover to
the adjacent cell (n) is possible. The range is from -110 dBm to -47 dBm.

Besides the radio link properties (equation 1'), the umbrella HO takes into account also the power class of
the MS so that only those adjacent cells which fit the MS are selected to be the target cells, that is, the
BSC selects macrocells for vehicle and portable MSs and microcells for handhelds. The BSC uses two
thresholds in order to realise this property:

MACROCELL_THRESHOLD (parameters gsmMacrocellThreshold and


dcsMacrocellThreshold , set for the BSC) and

MICROCELL_THRESHOLD (parameters gsmMicrocellThreshold and


dcsMicrocellThreshold , set for the BSC).

The parameter gsmMacrocellThreshold indicates the size of a GSM 900 or GSM 800 macrocell
by the maximum transmission power of the MS. The parameter gsmMicrocellThreshold indicates
the size of a GSM 900 or GSM 800 microcell by the maximum transmission power of the MS. The range of
the MS transmission power in GSM 900 and in GSM 800 is from 5 to 43 dBm.

The parameter dcsMacrocellThreshold indicates the size of a GSM 1800 or GSM 1900 macrocell
by the maximum transmission power of the MS. The parameter dcsMicrocellThreshold indicates
the size of a GSM 1800 or GSM 1900 microcell by the maximum transmission power of the MS. The range
of the MS transmission power in GSM 1800 is from 0 to 36 dBm and in GSM 1900 from 0 to 33 dBm.

The maximum RF power (parameter MsTxPwrMaxGSM(ADJ)(n) or parameter


MsTxPwrMaxGSM1x00(ADJ)(n) depending on a frequency band) an MS is permitted to use on a
traffic channel in the adjacent cell (n) determines the size of the adjacent cell (n) with the thresholds
MACROCELL_THRESHOLD and MICROCELL_THRESHOLD as follows:

If parameter value is greater than or equal to MACROCELL_THRESHOLD, the adjacent cell is


considered a macrocell.

If parameter value is smaller than or equal to MICROCELL_THRESHOLD, the adjacent cell is


considered a microcell.

If parameter value is smaller than MACROCELL_THRESHOLD and greater than

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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: umbrella handover

MICROCELL_THRESHOLD, the adjacent cell is considered a middle size cell.

When selecting the target cells, the BSC takes into account the following conditions in addition to the radio
link properties (equation 1'):

If the maximum power capability of the MS is greater than or equal to MACROCELL_THRESHOLD,


the adjacent cell must be considered a macrocell in order for the HO to be allowed.

If the maximum power capability of the MS is smaller than or equal to MICROCELL_THRESHOLD,


the adjacent cell must be considered a microcell in order for the HO to be allowed.

If the maximum power capability of the MS is smaller than MACROCELL_THRESHOLD and


greater than MICROCELL_THRESHOLD, the adjacent cell must be considered middle size cell in
order for the HO to be allowed.

If the MACROCELL_THRESHOLD is selected so that it equals the lowest MS power level or the
MICROCELL_THRESHOLD is selected so that it equals the highest MS power level, it is possible to pass
this property and evaluate the target cells only according to radio link properties.

After the BSC has selected the target cells for the umbrella handover, the cells are ranked according to the
priority levels.

Combined umbrella and power budget handover

The target cell evalution for the power budget handover will be different from the standard procedure,
described in section Power budget handover, if the umbrella handover and the power budget handover are
active simultaneously in the same cell (parameters EnableUmbrellaHO and
EnablePowerBudgetHO ). In this case the power budget handover also takes into account the size/
layer of the adjacent cell in addition to the radio link properties (equations 1 and 2) (see Target cell
evaluation according to radio criteria ).

Note
The umbrella handover has priority over the power budget handover.

The size/layer of the adjacent cell must be equal to the size/layer of the serving cell in order for the
handover to be allowed, that is, the BSC performs power budget handovers only between cells of the same
size/layer (the power class of the MS does not affect the evaluation procedure) when the umbrella
handover is employed. For example, if the serving cell is considered a microcell, the adjacent cell must
also be considered a microcell in order for the power budget handover to be allowed.

The BSC is able to determine the size/layer of a cell by two alternative methods. The method is selected
with the parameter AdjCellLayer . The BSC determines the size/layer of a cell as follows:

1. If the use of the parameter AdjCellLayer is disabled, that is, the layer of the adjacent cell has
not been defined:

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RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm: umbrella handover

The maximum RF power an MS is permitted to use on a traffic channel in the cell determines the
size of the serving/adjacent cell as described before.

2. If the cell layer has been defined for the adjacent cell by the parameter AdjCellLayer :

The parameter AdjCellLayer determines the layer of the adjacent cell from the point of view
of the serving cell. The layer of an adjacent cell can be either:

the same as the layer of the serving cell

upper than the layer of the serving cell

lower than the layer of the serving cell

The adjacent cells which meet both of the required radio link properties and the required cell size/layer are
ranked according to the priority levels as usual.

Note
The parameter AdjCellLayer is related to the traffic control based on the MS speed which is
an optional feature in the BSC (see Handover due to fast/slow moving MS ). If this option is not
enabled, the use of the parameter AdjCellLayer is disabled as a default value.

Back to Overview to RF Power Control and Handover Algorithm.

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