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Physics Weekly Worksheet

G8 PB Static Electricity
Name : _______________________________
Date : _______________________________

Multiple choice questions.

1. The SI unit of electric charge is the_____

a. Coulomb
b. Volt
c. Ampere
d. Watt

2. A glass become positively charged when rubbed with silk. The glass rod becomes charged
because it_____
a. Gains protons
b. Gains electrons
c. Loses electrons
d. Gains protons and loses electrons

3. How does an electrical conductor differ from an electrical insulator?

Conductor Insulator
A It is negatively charged It is positively charged
B It has free electrons It does not have free
C It gets hot very fast It gets hot slowly
D It cannot be charged It can be charged

4. If a pith ball is repelled by a rubber rod, what can be deduced about the charges on the
pith ball and the rubber rod?
a. Only the rod is charged
b. Only the pith ball is charged.
c. Either the rod or the pith ball is charged but not both.
d. Both the rod and the pith ball carry charges of the same sign.

5. Look the following figure!

Charged rod
Metal rod
Which one of the following statements best describes the movement of the charges?
a. The electrons from the charged rod jump across the gap and enter the metal rod.
b. The electrons in the metal rod move from and P to end Q.
c. The positive charges in the metal rod move from Q to end P.
d. The positive charges in the charged rod move from end P to end Q.

Essay questions.

1. Complete the following table of types of charges acquired when some materials are rubbed
Materials Positive charge Negative charge
Glass rod rubbed with silk
Ebonite rod rubbed with fur
Perspex rod rubbed with wool
Rubber ballon rubbed with hair
Polythene rod rubbed with wool

2. From the figure A and B, explain how a charged conductor is discharged.

Figure A Figure B

Electrons flows through ___________to the Electrons flows through __________to the
_________ _________

3. The following diagram show charging conductors by induction.

Describe the conditions of spheres A and B in diagram iv!

4. Like charges______________(repel/attract), unlike charges__________( repel/attract)

5. Electrical insulator (e.g. rubber) do ot conduct electricity because____________

6. Electrical conductor (e.g. copper) are able to conduct electricity because___________

7. Charged insulators can be neutralised by________________and________________

8. Charged conductors can be neutralised by_______________

9. Draw the correct electrical field pattern.

a positive charge a negative charge Positive and Between two

negative charge positive