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. .




(20 )


2004

List-English.ru
81.2-9
18

. .



. ,
,
, ,
-

.. .
18 . 20 /
. . . .: . - : -
"", 2004. 63 .
ISBN 5-8123-0236-7 (. - )
ISBN 5-699-06169- ( - "")
,
.

, .
81.2-9

ISBN 5-8123-0236-7 , 2004


ISBN 5-699-06169-

List-English.ru
3

I


., dog dogs
+S
, name names
kiss - kisses
box boxes
.,
+es brush brushes
ss, , sh, ch,
church churches
t o m a t o tomatoes
.,
baby babies
+es
.


( )

, deer deer
sheep sheep
swine swine
, wolf wolves
/ fe, wife wives
ves knife knives
man men
, woman women
tooth t e e t h
goose geese
foot feet
mouse mice
trousers, glasses,
,
clothes, spectacles,

scissors, goods
, sugar, milk, money,
weather, peace
child
child children
. ,
ox oxen

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4

II

(The definite article)
the

t h e sun, t h e moon,
,
t h e e a r t h , t h e sky, t h e air,

t h e world
, , ,
The Pacific Ocean
,
Our classroom is on t h e

first floor
This is t h e biggest
building in our town
The apples are on t h e
table

The Kremlin
.
The U n i t e d S t a t e s of
, , America, The Crimea, t h e
, Caucasus, t h e
British Museum, t h e 'Life'
The N o r t h , t h e South,

t h e East, t h e West

The Petrovs

,
( The coat was large, t h e
. . . , trousers too long
)
,
previous, last, t h e same story
following, next, only, very, same, right

, She spoke about t h e
duties of t h e doctor

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5

(The indefinite article)


a, an

, My sister is a doctor

There is a big pool in


there is, o u r garden
there was
there will be

What a nice evening!



!

It was such a
wonderful day!
such

!

,
, , , I'll be in a m i n u t e
(a minute, a pound, a'hundred, a million
..)


( Take a pencil, please
- , ,
[]
)


A m a n w a n t s to see you
( -

, , -)

good day, great a good deal, a great


deal, great many deal, a g r e a t m a n y

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6

,

to take the floor ;
to tell the time , ;
to tell the truth ;
to play the piano (the violin, etc.) ( ..);
to take the trouble ;
to go to the theatre (the cinema) ( );
in the distance ;
in the morning (the afternoon, the evening) (, );
in the street, etc. ..

,
-
on a large scale
as a matter of fact ;
to have a look ;
to have a smoke ;
to have a mind to ;
to take a fancy to -,
-;
to have a headache (toothache, etc.) (
..) ;
to go for a walk ;
to be in a hurry ;
to be at a loss ;
to be in a position to do smth. -
.



These are very good
, flowers
, -
,

Life begins early in
, , Moscow
, ,
-

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7

breakfast, lunch,
We have lunch at
dinner, tea, supper,
11a.m.

bed, school, town,
table, sea, to go t o bed


by t r a i n
at night
to t a k e place

,
,


to keep house


Moscow, France;

Smith, P e t r o v
Monday, Tuesday,
,
January, February
,
,
(Father, Mother, Aunt, etc.),
F a t h e r ! Can you

help me?
.

III



( , 2- 3-
1- ed)
2- 3-
1-


to w a n t wanted wanted

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8


( 2 - 3- - )
1- 2- 3-

ed

to live lived lived

1
ed

studied studied
to study

ed
.
stayed stayed
to stay
ed



stopped stopped
to stop

: ,

I III
arise arose arisen
be was, were been
become became become ,
begin began begun ()
bite bit bit ()
blow blew blown
break broke broken ()
bring brought brought
build built built

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9

burn burnt burnt- ,


buy bought bought

catch caught caught ,



choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
do did done
draw drew drawn

dream dreamt dreamt ;



drink drank drunk
drive drove driven ,
eat ate eaten ,
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt

fought ,
fight fought

find found found
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten

got ;
get got ,
give gave given
go went gone ,

grown ,
grow grew

have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hold held held

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10

keep kept kept


know knew known
learn learnt learnt ()

,
leave left left

let let let


lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
put put put
r e a d [ri:d] r e a d [red] read [red]
ride rode ridden
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
shake shook shaken
shine shone shone ,
shoot shot shot
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
smell smelt smelt ,
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
spread spread spread
stand stood stood

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11

steal stole stolen


swear swore sworn
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
understand understood understood
,
. wear wore worn

win won won
,
wind wound wound
()
write wrote written

IV

can (could) may (might) must have to be to

The Modal Verbs

shall should will ought t o need

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12

, Can you s k a t e ?

, ?

You can see the forest



t h r o u g h the other

window




Can I use your c a r ?
You can use my car
can, could
? ,

. Can it be t r u e ?
?

It can't be t r u e

He

May I borrow your pen?



?

may, may be ill


might ,

You might have



helped me

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13

You must talk


to your daughter about
her future



must not leave
his room for a while
-

must
You mustn't miss
the exhibition.
' It is very good

.

Your father
,
must be eighty now
,
, 80

had to do it


to have to
You don't have
to go there


, We are to discuss it
next time


says I am
to leave you alone
to be to ,
( )
was to be my friend
-, for many years to come

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You ought to say a word


or two about yourself

You ought to have


,
called on him yesterday
ought to


You o u g h t n ' t to have


m a r r i e d her, David. It
, was a great mistake

,
.

I t ' s late. You


should go to bed
should , .

The doctor knows



I won't be operated on

,

,


,
will My pen wouldn't write
,
(would)

She will sit for h o u r s


, u n d e r the old tree

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You needn't
be afraid of me


need
, You needn't have
, hurried


The Present Tense The Past Tense The Future Tense

I wrote a letter I will write a letter


I write a letter yesterday tomorrow

Indefinite Forms


Future in the Past

Continuous Forms
Present Tense

Future Tense

Past Tense

Perfect Forms

Perfect-Continuous Forms
-

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16

VI
Indefinite Tenses

Indefinite Tenses ( )
We go to school
Present Indefinite
, every day
Tense
,



Past Indefinite , I wrote a letter


Tense yesterday

F u t u r e Indefinite Tomorrow I shall


,
Tense go to t h e cinema



I thought that I
F u t u r e Indefinite
should see you at
in the P a s t
- the p a r t y

, ,



Present Indefinite Tense


( )

+ 1 2
3 .. s

130

do/does
+ +

|;

+
do/does
+
not
+

_
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Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I write Do I write? I do n o t write

You write Do you write? You do not write


Does he (she, it) He (she, it) does not
He (she, it) writes
write? write
We write Do we write? We do n o t write

They write Do they write? They do not write

Past Indefinite Tense


( )



+
+

-

did |+ +



+
did
+
not
+


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I wrote Did I write? I did not write

You wrote Did you write? You did not write


Did he (she, it) He (she, it) did n o t
He (she, it) wrote
write? write
We wrote Did we write? We did not write

They wrote Did they write? They did not write

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Future Indefinite Tense
( )

+

shall/will
+




shall/will
+ +

(30

+ +
not
+
shall/will


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form

I shall/will w r i t e Shall/will I w r i t e ? I shall/will n o t w r i t e

You will write Will you w r i t e ? You will n o t write

He (she, it) will Will he (she, it) He (she, it) will n o t


write write? write
Shall/will we
We shall/will write We shall/will not w r i t e
write?

They will write Will they w r i t e ? They will n o t w r i t e

Future Indefinite Tense in the Past


( )

+
should/would
+



should/would
+ +



+ +
not
+
should/would

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Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I should/would Should/would I I should/would not
write write? write
You would write Would you write? You would not write
He (she, it) would Would he (she, it) He (she, it) would not
write write? write
We should/would Should/would we We should/would not
write write? write
They would write Would they write? They would not write

VII
Continuous Tenses

Continuous Tenses ( )
Present

Continuous Tense Mother is m a k i n g dinner
,




P a s t Continuous , I was writing when the
Tense - bell r a n g
,


I shall be waiting for you
F u t u r e Continuous
, at 9 o'clock
Tense
- tomorrow



9
She didn't call on him
yesterday evening beca
F u t u r e Continuous
use she t h o u g h t he would
in t h e P a s t
be doing his work

,

- ,
,

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Present Continuous Tense
( )

-ing
+ am, are, is +



am, are, is + + -ing

+
am, are, is + not + -ing


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I am writing Am I writing? I am not w r i t i n g

You a r e w r i t i n g Are you writing? You are not w r i t i n g


He (she, it) is Is he (she, it) He (she, it) is not
writing writing? writing
We a r e writing Are we w r i t i n g ? We a r e not writing

They a r e writing Are they writing? They a r e not writing

Past Continuous Tense


( )

-ing
+ was, were +



was, were + + -ing

+
was, were + not + -ing

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Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I was writing Was I writing? I was not writing
You were writing Were you writing? You were not writing
He (she, it) was Was he (she, it) He (she, it) was not
writing writing? writing
We were writing Were we writing? We were not writing
They were writing Were they writing? They were not writing

Future Continuous Tense


( )


+ shall be, will be +
-ing


shall/will + + be + -ing


-j- ~}~ he -ing
+ shall/will +not + +


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I shall be/will be Shall/will I be I shall/will not be wri
writing writing? ting
You will be Will you be
You will not be writing
writing writing?
He (she, it) will be Will he (she, it) be He (she, it) will not be
writing writing? writing
We shall/will be Shall/will we be We shall/will not be
writing writing? writing
They will be Will they be They will not be
writing writing? writing

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Future Continuous Tense in the Past
( )



+
should be, would be
+ -ing

+ + +
+ be
+ -ing
should/would not


Affirmative Form Negative Form
I stiould/would be doing I should/would not be doing

You would be doing You would not be doing


He (she, it) would not be
He (she, it) would be doing
doing
We should be/would be We should/would not be
doing doing
They would be doing They would not be doing

VIII
Perfect Tenses

Perfect T e n s e s ( )
Present Perfect
I have just bought this
Tsynse ,
book
,

, .

,
Past Perfect , She had just made some
Tense coffee when I arrived

,

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Future Perfect , She will have gone home


Tense by the time I arrive

,


My friend said that she
Future Perfect
would have done this
in the Past ,
work by the end of the
Future Perfect,
week
,
,




Present Perfect Tense


( )


+ have, has + III



have, has
+ +
III



have, has + not +

+ III


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I have written Have I written? I have not written

You have written Have you written? You have not written
He (she, it) has Has he (she, it) He (she, it) has not
written written? written
We have written Have we written? We have not written

They have written Have they written? They have not written

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Past Perfect Tense
( )


+ +
had III


had +
+ +
III


+
had +
not + III


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I had written Had I written? I had not written
You had written Had you written? You had not written
He (she, it) had Had he (she, it) He (she, it) had not
written written? written
We had written Had we written? We had not written
They had written Had they written? They had not written

Future Perfect Tense


( )

+ +

shall have, will have +
III


shall/will + + have + III


+ have
+ shall/will + not + + III

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Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I shall have/will Shall/will I have I shall/will not have
have written written? written
You will have Will you have You will not have
written written? written
He (she, it) will Will he (she, it) He (she, it) will not
have written have written? have written
We shall have/will Shall/will we have We shall/will not have
have written written? written
They will have Will they have They will not have
written written? written

Future Perfect Tense in the Past


( )


+should have, would have +
III


should/would +
have + +
III

+
+ +
+ have +
should/would not III


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I should have/ Should/would I I should/would
would have done have done? not have done
You would have Would you have You would not have
done done? done
He (she, it) would Would he (she, it) He (she, it) would
have done have done? not have done
We should have/ Should/would we We should/would
would have done have done? not have done
They would have Would they have They would not have
done done? done

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IX
Perfect Continuous Tenses

Perfect Continuous Tenses
(- )

,
Present Perfect

Continuous
I have been waiting
Tense
for you for 4 hours


-
4




P a s t Perfect ,
When you came I h a d
Continuous -
already been waiting
Tense ,
for you for 2 hours

- ,
-


2


By next week you will
F u t u r e Perfect .
have been studying in
Continuous
this class for 4 m o n t h s
Tense


4 ,
-

,

She said t h a t by
F u t u r e Perfect
t h e next m o n t h her
Continuous
m o t h e r would have
Tense ,
been working in
in t h e P a s t -
t h e hospital for 2 years

,
-


2 ,

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Present Perfect Continuous Tense
( - )


+
have been, has been +
-ing


have been, has been + + -ing



+ + not + -ing
have been, has been


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I have been living Have I been living? I have not been living
You have been Have you been You have not been
living living? living
He (she, it) has Has he (she, it) He (she, it) has
been living been living? not been living
We have been Have we been We have not been
living living? living
They have been Have they been They have not been
living living? living

Past Perfect Continuous Tense


( - )


+ had been + -ing


had + + been + -ing

+
had +
not + been
+ -ing

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Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
H a d I been
I h a d been working I h a d not been working
working?
You had been Had you been You had not been
working working? working
He (she, it) had H a d he (she, it) He (she, it) h a d
been working been working? not been working
We h a d been H a d we been We h a d not been
working working? working
They h a d been H a d they been They h a d not been
working working? working

Future Perfect Continuous Tense


( - )


+ shall/will + have been + -ing


shall/will + + have been + -ing


have
+ + + been + -ing
shall /will not


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form
I shall/will have Shall/will I have I shall/will not have
been doing been doing? been doing
You will have been Will you have been You will not have been
doing doing? doing
He (she, it) will Will he (she, it) He (she, it) will
have been doing have been doing? not have been doing
We shall/will have Shall/will we have We shall/will not have
been doing been doing? been doing
They will have Will they have They will not have been
been doing been doing? doing

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Future Perfect Continuous Tense in the Past


( - )



,
+
* should/would +
-n rt a -rii-i rr ott J rt fit trftii 1 rt '
have +
III



should/would + + have +
III

+ +
+ + have +
should/would not III


Affirmative Form Interrogative Form Negative Form

I should/would Should/would I I should/would


have done have done? not have done

You would have Would you have You would not have
done done? done

He (she, it) would Would he (she, it) He (she, it) would


have done have done? n o t have done

We should/would Should we have We should/would


have done done? not have done

They would have W o u l d they have They would not have


done done? done

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(voice)
I ask
I asked
Pete has I shall ask

broken the Do I ask?

window Did I ask?
The Active
Shall I ask?
Voice
I do not ask
I did not ask
I shall not ask
I am asked
I was asked
The window I shall be asked
has been
Am I asked?
broken
Was I asked?
The Passive by Pete
Shall I be asked?
Voice
I am not asked
I was not asked
I shall not be asked

Perfect
Indefinite Continuous Perfect
Continuous

I am being I have been


Present I am sent
sent sent

I was being I had been


Past f I was sent
sent sent

I shall be I shall have


Future
sent been sent

Future I should
I should be
have been
in the Past sent
sent

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31








1. The Direct Passive:
I gave him The book was given
(ind.obj.) to him (. .)
a book
(dir.obj.) 2. The Indirect Passive: (, .)
He was given a book

They sent 3. The Prepositional



for the Passive:

doctor The doctor was sent for



to swim
(The Infinitive)

.


the girl
(The Participle)
swimming
in the pool



swimming
(The Gerund)

,
,
!
,

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32

!
.

:
I, you, he, she, it, we,

they, me, him, her,
(Personal
us, t h e m
pronouns)


mine, yours, his, hers,
.
(Possessive its, theirs, ours
:
pronouns)

some, any, somebody,

anybody, someone,

anyone, something,

(Indefinite anything, little, few,
.
pronouns) a lot of, all, every,

both, either, n e i t h e r
,
myself, yourself,

himself, herself,

itself, ourselves,
(Reflexive
yourselves,
pronouns) . .
themselves, oneself
.

this these
-
t h a t those
(Demonstrative
such, t h e same
pronouns)

who, whom, whose,

what, which, how
(Interrogative
much, how many
pronouns)
each other
'each o t h e r '
( )
,
(Reciprocal one a n o t h e r

pronouns) ( )


nobody, n o t h i n g
(Negative
pronouns)

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33

(Personal pronouns)
: :
I
you you
he him

she her

it it

we us

you you
they them

(Possessive pronouns)

my mine
your yours our ours
his his your yours
her hers their theirs
its its



anybody, anything, everybody,
all, both, few, one, either, any,
everything, somebody,
every, many, some, neither,
something, anyone, everyone,
each, little, much, several
someone

much (), little ()


a little ()

!
many (), few (),
a few ()

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34

(Indefinite pronouns)

much (), I have little time
little (), for dancing today
a little
()
She told me many
many (), interesting facts
few (), about this writer
a few
()

I have got some new
pictures
,
some
Can I have some more
,
tea?

?
Have you got any new

dresses?
,
-

any ?
Take any cake you like
,
,

Somebody, open the door!
somebody,
-,
someone
!
-, -
Is anybody absent today?
-
-, - ?
didn't see anybody

anybody, in the room
not
anyone



Anybody can do that


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35

Can I do anything for you?



-, - - ?

could not find



anything in the basket
anything not



You can do anything
you like
,

I asked each pupil to come
each (
( ,
)
)

I asked every pupil
every to come
(, (
) ,
)
Kate knows everybody
everybody, in our house

everyone

Everything must be ready
by 5 o'clock
everything

(Reflexive p r o n o u n s )

myself ourselves
yourself yourselves
himself
herself themselves
itself

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36

(Demonstrative pronouns)

,
This is our house


Why don't you come and
see me some time. How
this these - about this Sunday?
,
.

?

This is what she said


,
That is our school


I was very
-
that those hungry that day
,



Is that all you
wanted to say?
,
?
Shaggy is such

a clever dog



such
* I have never seen such
beautiful roses


Read the same phrase

same once more



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37

(Interrogative pronouns)


who , Who is here?
?


Whom did you see
whom
there?
,
?

Whose car do you


prefer to go in?
whose



?

What are those strange



what objects in the distance?

,

?

Which bus must I take


for the zoo?
which



?


How much time
how much , do you need?

?


How many boys took

part in the concert?
how many ,




?

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38

(Reciprocal pronouns)

Kate and Nick saw


each other every
each other evening

, The five pupies liked


one another very much
one another
,

(Negative pronouns)

There was nobody



nobody, in the room

no one

I know nothing about it


nothing

XII
: ,
(General questions)

Example: Can you help us? Yes, I can.

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39

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40

XIII
.

Seeing that I was late,
I hurried
, ,
Present

Participle Being written in Spanish, the

(active article was not easy

and to translate

passive)
,

-
Having asked a question
the teacher was waiting
for an answer

Perfect ,
,
Participle

(active Having been asked the
, '
and question the boy was

passive) thinking of an answer
4

, ,


At our excursion we saw
,
a building built many
Past
Participle years ago


(passive)
,


( D i s j u n c t i v e q u e s t i o n s )

is an engineer,

isn't he?

You didn't go to the
theatre yesterday,
did you?

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41




Active Passive Active Passive
Voice Voice Voice Voice
Present Participle
being
( going asking
asked
)
Past Participle
( __ gone asked
)
Perfect Participle having
having having
( been
gone asked
) asked


+ Present Participle

Example: I saw her writing the letter.
: , .


+ Past Participle

Example: I must have my watch repaired.
: .


Present Participle
+ Perfect Participle
Past Participle
Example: The article being in Spanish,
I could not understand one word.
: ,
.

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42

XIV


(Coordinating Conjunction)
and
as well as

neither... nor Kate goes to the park,
... and I go with her
both... and ,
. . .
not only... but
also
...

Either go with me
either... or
or stay here
...
,
or

Kate looked for the doll


still
everywhere,
yet
but couldn't find it

,
but

Kate decided to take


the umbrella, for it looked
for like raining

, ,
, ,
*

therefore
I'm not hungry, so there

is no need to have dinner
thus
,


so

List-English.ru
43

( S u b o r d i n a t i n g Conjunction)
after

before

Let's wait until the rain
when
stops
where

until (till)
,
...

as
,
as long as

as
as...as
Say the word as I said it
JKt? KfAK
,
as if

(as though)
()

will do it if you ask him


if
,
whether

Kate told me that she


would come at seven
that
,

as
because
I can't go to the cinema
since because I'm busy
, ,

so that

List-English.ru
44

XV

(Sequence of tenses)
I knew you were ready
Past
,
Indefinite
I told you t h a t I was

p r e p a r i n g for t h e lessons
Past
,
Continuous


I didn't know t h a t he h a d
, P a s t Per gone to the cinema
fect ,

'

I knew you were in t h e



Past cinema yesterday

Indefinite ,

I knew t h a t he would
Future go to the cinema
in the P a s t ,

She said it would be a pity



if I went into

Past a factory

Indefinite ,

,


* The teacher told us t h a t
t h e names of the cardinal
points a r e used with t h e
Present definite article
Indefinite ,
-

List-English.ru
45

XVI


hard harder hardest


more most
beautifully
beautifully beautifully

well better best

badly worse worst

far farther farthest

little less least

much more most

List-English.ru
46





new newer newest

clever cleverer cleverest
, narrow narrower narrowest
happy happier happiest
-er, -oiv, -, -1 simple simpler simplest
,
more most
beautiful
beautiful beautiful




good better best
bad worse worst
far farther farthest
(o for distance)
far further furthest
( for time and distance)
near nearer nearest
(o for distance)
near nearer next
( for order)
late later latest
t ( for time)
late later last
( for order)
old older oldest
( for age)
old elder eldest
( , ]

List-English.ru
47

XVII
.

1 one [WAn] 19 nineteen [nain'ti:n]

2 two [tu:] 20 twenty ['twenti]

3 three [9ri:] 21 twenty one ['twenti'wAn]

4 four [fo:] 22 twenty two ['twenti'tu:]

5 five [faiv] 30 thirty [':ti]

6 six [siks] 40 forty [fo:ti]

7 seven ['sevn] 50 fifty [fifti]

8 eight [eit] 60 sixty fsiksti]

9 nine [nam] 70 seventy ['sevnti]

10 ten [ten] 80 eighty ['eiti]

11 eleven [l'levn] 90 ninety ['nainti]

one hundred
12 twelve ['twelv] 100
[wan hAndrid]
one hundred and one
13 thirteen [9:'1] 101
[wAn hAndnd and 'wAn]
two hundred
14 fourteen [fb:'ti:n] 200
['tu: hAndnd]
one thousand
15 fifteen [fifti:n] 1000
[wAn 'auznd]
sixteen one thousand and one
16 1001
[siks'ti:n] [wAn 'auzand and 'WAn]
seventeen one million
17 1000000
[sevn'ti:n] [WAn 'miljn]
eighteen
18
[ei'ti:n]

List-English.ru
48

first seventeenth
1 17
[fast] [sevn'ti:n]
second eighteenth
2 18
['sakand ] [ei'ti:n]
third nineteenth
3 19
[Bad] [nam'ti:n]
fourth twentieth
4 20
[fo:9] ['twentu]
fifth twenty-first
5 21
[fife] [twenti 'fa:st]
sixth thirtieth
6 30
[siksG] [':tu]
seventh fortieth
7 40
[sevnG] [f:tu]
eighth fiftieth
8 50
[eitG] [fiftu]
ninth sixtieth
9 60
[namQ] ['sikstu]
tenth seventieth
10 70
[tenO] ['sevntu]
eleventh eightieth
11 80
[i'levn9] [eitu]
twelfth ninetieth
12 90
[twelve] ['namtu]
thirteenth hundredth
13 100
[Ga:'ti:n9] ['liAndrith]
fourteenth h u n d r e d a n d first
14 1 101
[fo:'ti:n9] [hAndrid and Ta:st]
hundred
fifteenth and twenty first
15 121
[fiftmG] [hAndrid
nd twenti f:st]
sixteenth thousandth
16 1000
[siks'ti:n9] ['auznd]

List-English.ru
49

1.003 a/one thousand and three


three hundred and forty thousand, two hundred and
340.258
fifty-eight
512 five hundred and twelve

3.201 three thousand, two hundred and one

5.200 five thousand, two hundred


five hundred and t h i r t y thousand, six hundred and
530.620
twenty
404.000.000 four hundred and four million

100.000 a hundred thousand


a thousand and one 1.099 a thousand
1.001
and ninety-nine
a hundred and one 199 a hundred and
101
ninety-nine
1.050 a/one thousand and fifty

1.150 one thousand, one hundred and fifty

List-English.ru
50

XVIII

Present Indefinite Past Indefinite

You dance so well said I danced so well


,

Present Continuous Past Continuous

I'm waiting for Kate She said she was waiting for Kate
,

Present Perfect Past Perfect

She told me that the mouse had


The mouse has stolen the
stolen the cheese
cheese
,

Past Indefinite Past Perfect

told me that he had made it the


I made it yesterday day before
' ,

Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous

She said she had been waiting for


I've been waiting for years years
,

Future Indefinite Future Indefinite in the Past

He said he would study better


I shall study better
,
c

,
.

List-English.ru
51

this t h a t

these- those

here t h e r e

now t h e n

today on t h a t day

this week t h a t week

yesterday t h e day before


last week (night) the previous week
( )
two days ago two days before
t h e next day
tomorrow

, , -

:

. .. ">-,
The English children The English children

asked us, 'Do you : asked us if (whether)


like s p o r t s ? ' if, why, we liked sports
whether, when,
: where, what, ,
? who, which
My friemd asked
me, 'Where did you My friend asked me
spend your :. where I had spent
holidays?' if, why, my holidays
whether, when,
: where, what, ,
who, which
?

List-English.ru
52

The teacher said to The teacher told t h e


.
t h e pupil, 'Go to the pupil to go to t h e

blackboard' blackboard


+
:

We asked, We asked m o t h e r
'Mother, don't be not to be angry
not,
angry with us' with us

:

,

- 'Yes'

agreed to do it
:

to agree
said,
(),
'Yes, I shall do i t ' answered
to answer in
: in t h e affirmative
t h e affirmative
,
(

)

: She answered
- 'No'

to reject in the negative


* (),
She answered, 'No, I to refuse (
haven't been t h e r e '
), to deny (
:
(), )
,
to answer in t h e She denied t h a t she

negative ( h a d been t h e r e

)

List-English.ru
53

XIX

(The Conditional Mood)
Present Conditional

Perfect Conditional


If I were you,
,
I would speak about it




wish I wish you would be more polite
,

I should be too glad if you'd
translate this article for me

,

XX

Indefinite Gerund
to ask asking
( ) + ing

having
Perfect Gerund
+ III having asked
( )

being
Passive Gerund
+ III being asked
( )

List-English.ru
54

Reading is useful

Your job was collecting the material



Seeing is believing

Nobody likes waiting .



I don't see any use in going there



talked without stopping





,
teach+er=teacher

,
im+lucky=unlucky



red, bad, big
(Simple Adjectives)

useful, dirty
(Derived Adjectives)
well-known,

good-looking,
(Compound Adj ectives)
brown-eyed

List-English.ru
55


at , , about
on , till

in , of ,
(Simple
from by
Prepositions)
to , for
with
into inside

upon outside
(Derived
behind during
Prepositions)
before throughout
in front of instead of
because of - out of
(Compound as far as contrary
Prepositions) in spite of
according to

(Classification of adverbs)

Kate walked very slowly


well
(Adverbs of manner)


quickly
slowly
'


fast
?

badly
clearly
deeply
sincerely
willingly ,

( )

They sometimes stay up
(Adverbs of frequency)

often
? ?

never
always

all night

sometimes
ever -
constantly
twice
three times
occasionally

List-English.ru
56

today
' ? ? ?
(Adverbs of time)


yesterday
before
soon

Two children were lost


in the forest yesterday
now
late
?

tomorrow
then
sometimes
always
lately -
already
yet
afterwards
immediately
suddenly ,
at once

here
(Adverbs of place or direction)

there

Where are you going to?


downstairs
outside

where
far
back
inside
backwards
everywhere
below
abroad
to and fro -
seawards

little
? ?

You have come too late

much
? ?
?
(Adverbs of degree)

hardly

very

too
just
almost
quite
rather
enough
extremely
completely

List-English.ru
57


here there
( out little
) quite soon
slowly .
, upstairs
( forward
, badly
usually .
i . daily
downstairs
)

sometimes
( , meantime
anywhere ...
at least
at first
)

(The Particles)
I'm going to the cinema,

not to school

not ,


We are going to the

- cinema tomorrow.

Kate is going too
also, too, as

well as either
.
I could hardly
( understand him
, )



about ['baut] ; ; ;
across ;
after [:ft] ; ; ,
against ['geinst] ;
along ;
also ;
List-English.ru
58

among

and ;

around

at ; ;

at last -;

because ; -
; ; ;
before

below
behind ;
beside -

between

but ;
( ); ;
by
;
down ;
from ;

for ; ;
either, or ... ...
however
in ;
into
neither... nor ... ... "

of ( );

of course
on ; ;

once ; -
one - ; -

List-English.ru
59

or

over ;

round ; ;

since ;

so ; ;

so as

still

than

that ; ; ; ;

although

through

till

until

towards ;

to ( ); ; ;

under ;

unless ...

up

upon ; ;

what ;

whether

while ;

with ( );

within

without

yet ;

not yet

List-English.ru
60






when

as soon as
( Return here as soon
before
as you can
until
-
while

after
since
)
The plane landed where it

where was supposed to

wherever

,
as The sooner we start, the
as if quicker we get there
than
how ,
the...the
I can't go because I have
because
no money
since
,
as

Make a note of it in case
so that
you forget
in case

in order that
,
I'm so hungry that I can't
that
go anywhere
so that
,
such that

though I'll buy the ticket

even if whatever it costs

no matter . ,

whatever
What shall we do if it
if
rains?
unless
( ,
suppose
' ) ?

List-English.ru
61

I
3
3

II
4
(The definite article) the 4
(The indefinite article) a, an 5
6

III
7
7
8
8

IV
11
12

V
15
15

VI
Indefinite Tenses 16
Indefinite Tenses ( ) . 16
Present Indefinite Tense 16
Past Indefinite Tense 17
Future Indefinite Tense 18
Future Indefinite Tense in the Past 18

VII
Continuous Tenses 19
Continuous Tenses ( ) 20
Past Continuous Tense 20
Present Continuous Tense 20
Future Continuous Tense 21
Future Continuous Tense in the Past 22

List-English.ru
62

VIII
Perfect Tenses 22
Perfect Tenses ( ) 22
Present Perfect Tense 23
Past Perfect Tense 24
Future Perfect Tense 24
Future Perfect Tense in the Past 25

IX
Perfect Continuous Tenses 26
Perfect Continuous Tenses (- ) 26
Past Perfect Continuous Tense 27
Present Perfect Continuous Tense 27
Future Perfect Continuous Tense in the Past 29

X
30
(voice) 30
- 30
31

31

XI
. 32
(Personal pronouns) 33
(Possessive pronouns) 33
(Indefinite pronouns) 33
(Reflexive pronouns) 35
(Demonstrative pronouns) 36
(Interrogative pronouns) 37
(Negative pronouns) 38
(Reciprocal pronouns) 38

XII
: , 38
(General questions) 38
(Special questions) 39

XIII
. 40
40
(Disjunctive questions) 40
41
41

List-English.ru
63
X I V
42
(Coordinating Conjunction) 42
(Subordinating Conjunction) 43

XV
44
(Sequence of tenses) 44
* 45
45

XVI
45
46
46
" 47

XVII
. 47
48
49
49

XVIII
50
53

XIX
53
53

XX
53
54
54
54

55
(Classification of adverbs) 55
57
(The Particles) 57
57
60

List-English.ru


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