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10, ,
: ,
, ,
, .
, - ,
: I often drink
coffee. Do I often drink coffee? I dont often drink coffee.

2.
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, ,
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usually
every day
twice a week
4 4 times a month
on Sundays
at week-ends, on ones free days
on week-days
in the morning(s)
in the evening(s)
often
seldom
sometimes
always
hardly ever
hardly ever
quite often
rather seldom
very often
never
every Saturday
in winter
in summer
in spring
in autumn

PRESENT SIMPLE.

V ( to)

DO,
DOES.

? Do you often sing?


? Do they always come on time?
? Does it get dark early in winter?
? How often does it rain in Moscow?
? Does it usually help you?

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NOT

.
I don't (do not) always drink coffee in the morning.

.
It doesn't (does not) usually help me.

.
You don't wash your car every day.

1.
, , ,
. :
OFTEN
USUALLY
SELDOM
ALWAYS
NEVER
. I seldom drink coffee.
. I often read books.
. We never play tennis.
. They always come on time.
. You usually watch TV in the evening.

2.
, , ,
.

We go to work very often. .


We go to work quite often. .

3.
3- -S-.

. He often drinks.
. She seldom drinks coffee.
. Mammy cooks tasty.
. Daddy reads a lot.
. It gets dark early in winter.
. It bothers me a lot.

4.
!
2 : .
.
He never drinks coffee.

: .
I often dance. Do I often dance? I dont often dance.

1. .
2. .

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3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

to play the fool


to see daylight
( ) to lose temper
to get out of bed on the wrong side
to break one's back

1. .
2. ?
3. ?
4. .
5. .
6. ?
7. .
8.
9. .
10. ?
11. ?
12. 7 .
13. ?
14. !
15. .
16.
17. .
18. ?
19. .
20. , .
21. .
22. ?
23. .
24. ?
25. , .

tasty to rain
time to have breakfast
to get up to play
to get out of bed cinema
a newspaper coffee
to cook () to bother;
to make breakfast to disturb
quite, rather a husband
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to make up, to come


to beautify oneself to come on time
to have dinner to do smb's hair
to get dressed, to dress to get hungry
to have a snack to wake up
to change, to get changed work, a job
to sing early
to drink a restaurant
on week-days a family
to help to watch TV
to wash (to do) the to sleep
dishes to get dark
to make the bed tennis
to make dinner to tide up (to clean) the
to take (to have) a room
bath to have supper
to take (to have) a to wash
shower to read

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TO BE.


To be

: ( to sleep, )



To be

: .

am
to be are
is

to be .
, (I ) am.


I am

, ,
, ( You ) are.


You are

, ,
is. , , , ,
, , .

he she it


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He is She is It is

1.
, it.

2.
, , to be.
I am always hot.
He is never bored.
He is usually busy in the morning.
! (. 1).
He usually goes to school in the mornings.

to be : ( ?)
( - !) , .
. I am clever.
? Am I clever? ( )
. I am not clever. ( not
to be).

. : .
I am angry. Am I angry? I am not angry.

1. . . . .
2. . . . .
3. . . . .
4. . . . .
5. . . . .
6. . . . .
7. . . . .
8. . . . .
9. . . . .
10. . . . .

1. . . .
2. . . .
3. . . .
4. . . .
5. . . .
6. . . .
7. . . .
8. . . .
9. . . .
10. . . .

. , , , ,
, , .
: . ? .
I am always hungry. Am I always hungry? I am not always hungry.

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1. , .
2. , .
3. ? , .
4. ? , : , ,
, .
5. ? , : .
6. ? .
7. , .
8. , .
9. , .
10. : , , ,
, , , , , ,
, , .

cheerful; bright
merry to iron
excited to sweep
silly to go by bus
hungry by car
hot by underground,
sad by subway
pleased by train
hot by a taxi
busy to go to work
shy to walk, to go on foot
wicked to wash,
worried to do some washing
sad to vacuum
sad, upset
(); ( ) impaired; ( it is hot
) out of tune it is cold
self-confident, I am bored
self-assured when
angry then
modest because
( ) bored thats why
( ) dull, boring just
happy just a joke
confident too
clever, smart as
cold it is easy

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to be (. 2).

1.
, , . ( ,
? ?).
-.
-: .
A(AN) THE.
A , -
. -
, , :
a student, a book. .
THE , .
, - : I am a student.

2.
A .

. I am Sidorov.

3.

-s-:
a book books
a student students

-,
, : a man men ( - , -
), a woman women ( - ), a tooth teeth ( - ), a foot feet
( - ), a child children ( - ).

- . We are students.
. They are women.

: .
He is a singer. Is he a singer? He isnt a singer.

1. . 2.

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3. . 7. .
4. . 8. .
5. . 9. .
6. . 10. .

? What about you?


an absolute nothing.
a big shot.
the life and soul of the party.
It costs him nothing to do it
a hard nut to crack.
? What are you? What do you do?
Take my word for it
a man of his word.
honestly speaking, frankly speaking
I am an expert at my job

1. .
2. ? , .
3. ? , ?
4. , , , , ,
.
5. , .
6. ? , .
7. : ,
, .
8. ? ! :
, ! , , .
9. , , .
10. ? , ,
, : .

an actor a literary man


generally speaking a nurse
a military man a musician
a doctor a nurse
a top- a hairdresser
specialist a barber
a headmaster, a principal a singer
a journalist, a pressman a pensioner
- to do an interpreter
something a translator
but a policeman
... both...and a dressmaker
an engineer a programmer
unfortunately, Im afraid a salesman
of course a vendor
as well a director

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a sportsman although; though (


a student
a pupil )
a scientist an artist, a painter
a teacher a driver
an economist
a lawyer

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I am a sportsman. I am a good sportsman.


, ( , ?)
.

1.
, ,
. -.
- ONE.

? Is he a teacher?
. Yes, he is.
? Is he a good one?
, . A very good one.

- ,
ONE, , S.

? Are they teachers?


. Yes, they are.
? Are they good ones?

2.
! ,
!

? Are they teachers?


. Yes. They are.
? Are they good ones?

: .
He is a good teacher.
Is he a good teacher?
He isnt a good teacher.

1. . 5. .
2. . 6. .
3. 7. .
4. . 8. .

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9. . 10. .

1. : .
2. ? , . , , ,
.
3. , .
4. , . , ,
.
5. ? , ! .
6. , . ?
7. . , .
8. ! ! !
9. .
10. , , . ,
.

not at all ugly


generally, in general , good
on the whole ( ) lovely
to mix with,
to communicate with a lucky fellow
such a a stay-at home
a bore
active an idler, a lazy person
fine, splendid, excellent a leader
outstanding a personality
great a failure; a loser;
reserved an unlucky fellow/person
beautiful an optimist
nasty, loathsome a panic-monger, a scare-
nice monger
sociable a pedant
ordinary/average a pessimist
nasty, loathsome a lickspittle
charming, fascinating a hard-worker
passive a niggard
bad a news-monger
wonderful a spender
attractive, nice a coward
disgusting, nasty a blockhead
nice a clear head
terrible, horrible, awful a dreamer
a man of courage

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, -
, , , -
.
.
-: .

:

MY HER

HIS ( )
ITS ( )

OUR
YOUR
THEIR

.
!

A BOOK MY BOOK

: .
I am your aunt.
Am I your aunt?
I am not your aunt.

1. . 6. .
2. . 7. .
3. . 8.
4. . 9. .
5. . 10. .

- to be good at something.
? indeed? really?
just right

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indeed, actually, in (actual) fact


- to be bad at
without a smile
. He is an absolute fool.
( ) in grain.
- to my mind
to tell the truth
! Its our life!
! Its my life!
. This is so indeed, this is true.
. It is out of my way.
, . It is in my way.

1. ?
2. ,
.
3. ! .
4. ? , :
.
5. : , , ,
, .
6. ! !
.
7. ? -, , -, -.
.
8. . .
9. , , , ,
, .
10. , ... !

fluently a grand-dad; a grandpa(pa)


really, actually, truly, children, kids; babies
indeed, in fact a daughter
naturally an uncle
especially; particularly a wife
frankly ma, mum, mummy, mommy,
constantly mother
almost dad
after a nephew
the very a niece
! true! a great-grandchild
great-grandchildren
a grandmother; a grandma, a great-grandchild
a granny parents
a brother folks; kin
a grandchild a relative, a relation;
grandchildren a kinsman
a grandchild a sister; a sissy (., .)
a cousin a son
a cousin an aunt (
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) talented, gifted
(, ) hard,
thoughtless, difficult
unreasonable steady, balanced,
noble, generous even-tempered
1) big; large ( 1) keen, sharp, quick (
); ) ;
wide interval; 2) . sensitive
great/large number; lavish, generous
2)(, ) great; selfish
3)() important; 4) .
() grown-up to fight
a thumb ( ); a big 1) to make it
toe ( ) up (with smb.), 2) (
big-time sports -.) to put up with,
capital letter to bear with
generous; noble to discuss; to talk over .
genius ( ); to abuse, to scold
great ( ..) to be(come) angry (with)
friendly 1)to laugh;
greedy 2) ( -./-.) to
dependent (on) laugh (at), to make fun (of);
envious 3) () to joke
little, small to quarrel (with)
true, real to smile
independent to smile
unbalanced a happy smile
working, work to smile a
wise; reasonable, sad smile
sensible to smile
jealous through one's tears
independent; to smile
self-dependent farewell
to giggle

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-
CAN, to.
, ?
-to-,
:

? to dance
to bake
to smile
,
I can read.

CAN -
- ,
- :

() I can dance
() I can dance now.

CAN , to be.
.

CAN NOT,
CANNOT. CANNOT CANT.

He cannot dance.

CAN :

? Can you dance?

.
CAN S.

I dance I can
you dance you can
he dances he can
she dances she can

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: .
I can dance.
Can I dance?
I cant dance.

1. . 6. -.
2. . 7. .
3. . 8. .
4. . 9. .
5. . 10. .

- nevertheless, (but) still, for all that, all the same, however
( ) by the way
to hope for the Best
to persist in somebodys opinion
, neither for nor against
, neither one thing nor the other
, neither (the one nor the other)
( , ) to succeed in life
to try to do somebodys Best ( I try to do
my Best)
I've got a feeling
( ). I cant stand it

1. , , ,
, -, .
2. , .
3. ? , .
4. ! ,
.
5. ! !
6. . , ,
.
7. , ! ! !
8. ? , .
9. . , ?!
10. . .

to achieve a success ,to succeed


terrible
may be
to insist (on/upon doing smth.); () to persist (in doing
smth.); () to press (for)
unusual, uncommon; extraordinary
... ... neither ...nor ; "" .
( , neither he nor she will be here)
good-for-nothing, worthless, useless
a feeling

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just imagine! Fancy that!


to attract people, to make friends
- in my opinion, according to my opinion, to my mind, to my way of thinking
( ) to use bad language
a charmer

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TO HAVE.

. I have a car.
. You have a car.
. He has a car.

have got ( ).

I have got a car I've got a car


She has got a car she's got a car
They have got a car they've got a car

have got
:
Have you got a car?

not,
have(has).

I have not got a car.


He has not got a car.

to have :
.
1. I have no car ,
A !
2. I have not a car
3. I don't have a car

: Do you have a car?

1.
-,
to have to do.

? (, )
Do you have time for your lessons?
.
I dont always have time for my lessons.

, -,

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have(has)got.

?
Have you got time for a game of tennis?

:
? Do you often have headaches?
? Have you got a headache?

2.
to have
:
to have dinner .
PRESENT
SIMPLE to do.

?
Do you often have dinner at home?
.
We dont have dinner at home on Sundays.

: .
I always have dinner at home.
Do I always have dinner at home?
I dont always have dinner at home.

1. . 7. .
2. . 8. .
3. . 9.
4. . .
5. . 10. .
6. .

to have ones head in the clouds


- to have an eye for
to have ones heart in the right place
to have a cheek
- to have a nose for
to have a good ear for music
() ! He (she) is such a dear!

1. ?
2. ?
3. : .
4. ! ,
5. ? , .
6. ? -, . , ,
.
7. .
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8. , , -
.
9. ? , , !
10. ! !

a bicycle; a cycle, a bike .


- to be interested in something
art
military art, art of war, soldier ship
folk art
art dealer
abstract art, abstractionism
antique art
modern art
martial art
fine arts
fine arts
a work of art
to have a stomachache
to have a backache
to have an earache
to have a headache
to have a toothache
it seems to me, I think, in my opinion, to my mind
running
in the street; ( ) out of doors; outside, outdoors
at the lessons
very ( . .); (very) much, greatly ( .)
to have a smoke
to have a try
a problem
to have a walk
- to know a thing or two of something
a situation
absolutely, quite, totally
( , ) at all (
). ( She isnt interested in art at all.)
to get worse, to go from bad to worse
country; land; commonwealth
a decree, an edict
to have a good time

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PRESENT PROGRESSIVE.

.
-: now,
at the moment.

be + V-ing (V to)
PRESENT
PROGRESSIVE to be ( 2).

. I am reading now.
? Am I reading now?
. I am not reading now.

. You are reading now.


? Are you reading now?
. You are not reading now.

. She is reading at the moment.


? Is she reading at the moment?
. She isnt reading at the moment.

1.
, ,
, .

? .
What are you doing? I am reading.
? .
What are you reading? I am reading a letter.

: (, ).
I am drinking coffee.
Am I drinking coffee?
I am not drinking coffee.

1. . 3. .
2. . 4. .

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5. . 9. .
6. . 10.
7. . .
8.

1. , .
2. , .
3. , .
4. , .
5. , .
6. ,
7. , ,
8. , - .
9. ,
, , ,
10. - , , , .
11. , .
12. , .
13. ,
?
14. , , .
15. ? , .

2.
,
PROGRESSIVE.
, :
1. , :
to know
to understand
to remember
to forget
to notice
to mean
( ) to recognize
to suppose
to seem
to agree
to refuse
to prefer
to mind
to doubt
to realize
( ) to think
( PROGRESSIVE.)

, . , ( ,
).
I think, you are busy now Yes, Im. I am thinking.

2. , :
to like

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to hate
to believe
to want
to wish
to desire
to adore
to forgive
to admire
to admire . ,
to admire
PROGRESSIVE.

3. :
to see
to see .
to see PROGRESSIVE.
to hear
to hear .
to hear PROGRESSIVE.
to smell
to smell .
to smell PROGRESSIVE.
to taste
to taste .
to taste PROGRESSIVE.
( ) to sound

4. to belong
5. ( ) to have, to own, to possess
6. to be
to be PROGRESSIVE.
:
. He is being selfish.
, She is not selfish, but she is
being selfish.
7. to need

, , PRESENT
PROGRESSIVE, PRESENT SIMPLE.

. I see you (I can see you).


? Do you hear me? (Can you hear me?)
. I dont want to sleep.
. He doesnt understand me at the moment.
? Do you understand me now?
(
). I dont belong to any political party at the moment.
. I am at work at the moment.
( , )? Do you have money ?
, . This flower doesnt smell, but it is
very beautiful.
. ? I dont understand you. What do you
mean?

2
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1. ?
2. ?
3. ?
4. - ?
5. - ?
6. ?
7. ?
8. ?
9. ?
10. ?
11. ?
12. ,
13. , ?
14. , .
15. , , ,
.
16. ? , , , -, .
17. . , :
, !
18. ?
19. ?
20. .

3.

, .
1. ,
PRESENT SIMPLE you always do it.
2. , -
, PRESENT
PROGRESSIVE you are always doing it!

! I am always losing my keys!


! You are always driving me wild!
! !
He is never satisfied! He is always complaining!
!
This terrible car is always breaking down!

to drive wild
to chat
cheap novels
( , ) ? he is at home, isn't he?
? it is late, isn't it?
spring
() enough
friendly, kindly
nonsense, rot, rubbish
to complain (of, about)
it sounds delicious
to go on foot, to walk
hatred

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, to talk rubbish
- to treat somebody
regular
there is a smell of spring in the air
a program
subordinate
- for some reason
an offer; a proposal, a proposition, a suggestion
, such
warm
- something
a masterpiece

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, - .
, to.

! Come here!
! Give me your hand!
! Go to the blackboard!
! Collect your books!
! Wash the dishes!
! Go to hell!
! Look at me!
! Air the room!

- .
dont.

! Dont smoke here!


! Dont watch TV!
! Dont bother me!
! Dont bother her!
! Dont cross the street here!
! Dont touch me!
! Dont look at me like that!
! Dont sleep!
! Dont copy! (Dont crib!)
! Dont make me angry!

.
- , ,
, ! / /
- .

STOP + V-ing , , , , ,
.

! Stop crying!
! Stop nagging!
! Stop making a scandal!

!
Stop accusing me of all deadly sins!

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!
Stop finding fault with this poor girl!

1. , ! ! .
2. . , .
3. ! - ! - !
4. ? ? !
5. - ! .
6. ? !
7. ! !
8. ! !
9. ! !
10. ! ! ?!
11.
!
12. ! ! ! ! ! !
, ? ! ! ! ,
, , .
13. ! !
14. ! ! !
!
15. , ! . .
16. ! !
17. ! ! ! !
18. , ! ,
!
19. ! !
20. ? ! !

poor
1) . ugliness; deformity (); 2) (, )
disgrace, scandal, disgraceful/shocking things; 3) .: ! it's
disgraceful!, it's scandalous! it's simply a disgrace/scandal
any more
fast, quickly, rapidly, with speed
1) ( , ) you see, you know; why; after all;
, she is always buying new dresses she is very
rich, you know; he is an expert, you see
2) ( ?) is it not?, will you not?; is it?, will you? ( )
? he is at home, isn't he? ? it is late, isn't it?
? it is not true, is it?
to misbehave
to behave
! Behave yourself!
to pull oneself together
water, tap water
! that's the way!, that's right!
- to make somebody angry
to look fine
to turn off; to switch off
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to draw oneself up
to talk rubbish
a dissertation
to call
1) ( , , ..) to ring; 2) (-.) to (tele)phone
a sound
to make angry, to irritate
there is nothing to worry about
tasteless
at once
to moan
to accuse (of), to blame (for)
to call names
mangy; shabby; bare
he is quick-witted
1) to yell, to scream; 2) ( -.) to shout (at)
to leave alone
to distract
to cross the street
( ) to nag
to work on the dissertation
to weep, to cry; to sob ()
to feel unwell/bad
to turn
1) ( -./-.; ) to approach; to go / to come / to walk /
to step up (to); 2) (-./-.; )to suit ( ); to fit (
); to match ( ); to be right (for)
to tidy ones hair
stranger
while translating
in the presence of the strangers
to find fault with somebody
to touch
( -) to nag (with), to bother (with)
( -) to stick to
to take place; to happen; to occur; to go on
to split
immediately
a deadly sin
1) () to collect; 2) () to gather
to copy off (from); to crib (from)
to bend
here
so; like this
now
! () Good for you!
to calm down
to make a row
to feel better
to make a noise

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10

PRESENT PERFECT
PROGRESSIVE.

.
-:
for , ,
.
since , ,
.

HAVE BEEN + V-ing

. I have been dancing since morning.


2 . You have been working for 2 hours.
5 .
She has been watching this soap-opera for 5 years.

We have been studying English grammar since September.
1.
.

2 ? Have you been working for 2 hours?

not, have has,


.

. You have not been working since morning.


. He has not been working since morning.

2.
, ,
,
present perfect progressive.

? How long have you been studying English?


? How long have you been waiting for the bus?

3.

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present perfect progressive,


, , Progressive (.
8), PRESENT PERFECT,
.

: .
I have been watching since morning.
Have I been watching TV since morning?
I have not been watching TV since morning.

1. .
2. .
3. 10 .
4. .
5. 2 .
6. .
7. .
8. 3- .
9. .
10. .

1. . . .
2. ? ? ?
3. . .
.
4. . .
2 .
5. ? ? ?
6. ? ? 2 ?
7. ? ? ?
8. . . 3 .
9. ? ?
, ?
10. ? ?
?
11. .
?
12. ?
13. ?
14. ?
15. ?

English yesterday's, of yesterday,


grammar last night's
talkative to speak on the
a chatter-box telephone/phone
to hang on the to get ready,
phone to prepare (for)
the exam
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to wait for a bus ( ) alone


to study depreciatingly,
( ) at least lightly
to smoke to tell
cartoons relatives, relations
a soap opera series
without rest; nonstop since yesterday
a few, some, several a neighbour
to dance

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11

PAST SIMPLE.

, .

-: , () :

yesterday
last week
2 2 days ago
last year
in childhood
in youth

V + ed V2
.
,
-ed.
opened jumped
lived danced
played tried
worked stopped
wanted

, "--"
"-ed" .
,
:
went understood
went did
said did
wrote (, ) was
wrote () were
ran were
ran had
brought

V2
.
-
, , , .

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, -1 -2,
. ,
, . .

PAST SIMPLE
did, ,
:

? Did you go to the cinema yesterday?


? Did you carry out experiments last week?
5 ? Did she work 5 days ago?
? Did you play tennis in your childhood?
Did you play tennis as a child?
:
.
PAST SIMPLE
did not,
:

. I didnt see him yesterday.


She didnt understand me last year.
. We didnt work together in youth.
. You earned nothing last year.

: .
I bought bread yesterday
Did I buy bread yesterday?
I didnt buy bread yesterday.

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. 10
5. .
6.
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. 2

1.
to be ,
to be
:

I was at the theatre yesterday.


? Were you at the theatre yesterday?
? Was he at school yesterday?
? Were you at sea last year?
. I wasnt at the theatre yesterday.
. We werent at sea last year.
. I wasnt cold yesterday.
. He wasnt busy last Saturday.

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: 2 .
I was hungry 2 hours ago.
Was I hungry 2 hours ago?
I wasnt hungry 2 hours ago.

1. .
2. 2 .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

1. . . . .
2. ? ? 12 ? ?
3. . ? . 2
.
4. . . ,
. .
5. . . .
.
6. ? ? ?
?
7. . ? . - ?
8. ? ?
? ! !
! , .
9. ? ! . ,
5 ! .
! ?
10. - ? , , .
? , . , !

for a good hour


to be afraid of dogs
to wake, to awaken, to call
in childhood, as a child
a party
lordly, with a high hand
to be interested in fashion
to be interested in music
to be interested in politics
to be interested in sport
to be lazy, to be idle
just
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1) beloved, loved, dear 2) () favourite


at the party
! fancy that!
a rehearsal
1)to be bored, 2) ( -.; -.)to long (for); to miss
to look at, to gaze at coldly
to be in a great hurry
to hurry, to be in a hurry, to hasten
the very; right
coldly
for the whole year

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12


, ,

, ,
WOULD + . would
.

, , , .
When he felt melancholy he would stay in his room all day long.

, , .
We would shirk school in our childhood.

1. , , . .
2. , , . ?
.
3. . ? !
? ! , ,
. !
4. ? . ,
, .
5. , , - . ? ? !
, ! , .
6. , , . ? .
7. ? , ,
. -, .
8. ? . ,
, !
9. , , . ? ,
. 2 . , .
10. ? ? ? , , .
.

to believe downright, thoroughly .;


to bring up as it should be
to show off to cry, to shout; to scream,
to cure to yell
to look for; to seek ()
to be frightened (of) to get on (with) .;
properly, duly; to be on good terms

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(with); to agree (with) to shirk school,


to treat to play truant
1) at last, eventually, lastly, nonsense, nothing,
finally; 2) in the end ( nothingness
); 3) after all ! (it's) nothing!; never mind!;
to find; to nonsense!, rubbish!
discover () to look through the
ill-mannered window
nobody; no one; none from the birth
to promise to build
an offence to knock
to snap at; to shout back at to lose
they don't get on, in a weak voice
they are at odds to treat (to); to give a treat;
of offence ( ) to stand a treat
glasses 1) hooligan
to cry on nothing 2) rowdy(-dowdy) . ()
to pay for hours
to bring to repair; to mend ( ,
..)

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13

( ),

, ,
, : USED + .

, .
My dad doesnt smoke but he used to be a heavy smoker (he used to smoke a
lot).

( ).
I used to play tennis every Sunday (but I dont play these days).

( ).
We used to live in Tbilisi (and we live in Moscow now).

did.

40 , ?
Did your dad use to smoke 40 cigarettes a day when he was a heavy smoker?

, ?
Did you use to play tennis a lot when you lived in Tbilisi?


:
1. did not,
use:

(, ).
I didnt use to like him.

2. not, used.

I used not to like him.

: ( ).
I used to watch TV regularly.
Did I used to watch TV regularly?
I didnt used to watch TV regularly.

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1. ( ).
2. ( ).
3. ( ).
4. ( ).
5. , .
6. ( ,
).
7. , ( ).
8. ( ).
9. ( ).
10. .

1.
used + ,
, there is (there are).
- - ,
there is (there are),
, - -:

.
There is a chair in the room.
.
There are chairs in the room.
2 .
There is a dictionary and 2 new English books on the shelf.

( , ).
there is there ,
, ,
there:

.
There were a lot of dogs there.

?
Is there a dictionary on the shelf?

not:

.
There isnt a dictionary on the shelf.

, to be
( is), there is (there are) :

.
There were many good days last month.

( ).
There used to be a cinema in the town.

5 , .
There used to be 5 cinemas in the town but there is only one now.

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1. ?
2. .
3. ? , .
4. .
5. ( ).
6. 2 .
7. .
8. , .
9. , .
10. , ?

a library
to be out of humor, to be in a bad mood; to be out of sorts
. to get into a bad mood
to be at odds with smb.
hair
generally, in general ( ); on the whole
() at all, : he
won't come at all
love stories
a detective story
a divan, a sofa, a couch; a settee
a heavy smoker
(, , ) to play tennis (football,
chess, cards)
( , , ,
) to play the piano (the flute, the violin, the guitar)
many people, a large number of people
in the sky
in the kitchen
a cloud
40 40 cigarettes a day
to prefer
to travel
routinely, regularly
a haircut
a manager
to go hiking
to go to the theatre
to go fishing

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14

1
2
( )

-1 - ( , , ,
-). -
COULD, (could
can).

5 .
My grandpa could speak 5 foreign languages.

.
My dad could beat anybody in youth.

could not.

- 2 .
I couldnt speak English 2 weeks ago.

.
My brother couldnt swim in childhood.

could .

5 ?
Could your dad speak 5 foreign languages in youth?

?
Could your brother swim in childhood?

- 2 ?
Could you speak English 2 weeks ago?

, -1 - .
, - ,
-2. -2 2 :
1. was \ were able to
2. managed to

.
Yesterday I managed to speak to a foreigner.

, .

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The fire spread through the building quickly but everybody was able to
escape.

, .
They didnt want to come with us at first but we managed to persuade them.

. , ,
, ,
, .
My dad and my uncle had a game of tennis yesterday. My uncle played very
well but in the end my dad managed to beat him, though my uncle could beat
anybody in youth, as he was good at playing tennis.

-2:

?
1. Did you manage to speak to a foreigner yesterday?
2. Were you able to speak to a foreigner yesterday?

-2 ( )
3 :

.
1. I didnt manage to speak to a foreigner yesterday.
2. I wasnt able to speak to a foreigner yesterday.
3. I couldnt speak to a foreigner yesterday.

: 1. .
I could play tennis in childhood.
Could I play tennis in childhood?
I couldnt play tennis in childhood.

2. .
I managed to play tennis yesterday.
Did I manage to play tennis yesterday?
I didnt manage to play tennis yesterday

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. 2 .
10. .

1. .
.
.

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.
, .
, , .
, .
.

2. .
.
.
.
, .
, , .
, , ,
.
!

3. , , .
.
.
.
, .
, , .
, .

a gang; a band
to be in a good mood; to be in good spirits
in the end, after all
at first, in the beginning
childhood
building
foreign
to punish
cash
(hand)kerchief
fire
to pay in cash
to beat
to pay by credit card
to spread
to run away (from); to escape
to persuade
a tongue
(, ..) a language

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15

, -


,

2- 5-

4 , :
- .
PAST PROGRESSIVE (PAST CONTINUOUS).

-
.

WAS/WERE + V-ing

PAST
PROGRESSIVE to be ( 11 ).

5. I was reading at 5.
5? Was I reading at 5?
5. I wasnt reading at 5.

1.
2- :
1. 5 , 11 45 32 .
2. , , ,
5 , 11 , ?.

(?) 5 .
.
I was watching TV at 5.
when mummy came into the room
(entered the room).
, ()
past simple.

2.
2- :
1. ... ....
2. , ,
( ).

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2- 5-. I was watching TV from 2 till 5.


. I was looking for you the whole day.
. He was sleeping all day long.

3.
Past continuous
( ,
).
.
while as.

, .
I was watching TV while mummy was cooking dinner.
, .
I was watching TV while (as) my parents were abusing.

4.
Past continuous
, (
).

! They were always quarreling with each other!


:
. They always quarreled in childhood.
, , . They would quarrel in childhood.
, . They used to quarrel.

5.
Past progressive , , -
,
.

, .
The television was on, but nobody was watching it.

6.
V-ing (. 8),
past progressive past simple.

, .
We got into a pretty mess and didnt know what to do.

7.
5 5.
5 , -
. 5 ,
, .
5 past simple.

5. I was having dinner yesterday at 5.


5. I had dinner yesterday at 5.

: 1. , .

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You were having dinner, when mummy came.


Were you having dinner, when mummy came?
You werent having dinner, when mummy came.
2. , .
She was watching TV while her husband was washing the dishes.
Was she watching TV while her husband was washing the dishes?
She wasnt watching TV while her husband was washing the dishes.

1. 10 12.
2. , .
3. , .
4. , .
5. , .
6. , .
7. , .
8. , .
9. , .
10. , - .

a) to get into a mess


o b) to get into a pretty mess
o c) to get into trouble
to sail against the wind
to show oneself in ones true colors
to get dizzy with success
to get in the neck
to take to heart
the television is on
things are different now
() to move in a rut

1. .
.
.
.
, , .
, .
, .
, .
2. .
.
.
, .
, .
.
2- 5-.
.
3. .
.
.

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.
, , .
( ).
, .

to be a guest of smb. - to write to


for the first time, first somebody
for the last time behind somebody (me,
in youth her, him)
suddenly to feel tired
to go at high to arrive at a hotel
speed a person of the same age;
youth people of my age
to wash up, to wash the to look the
dishes other way
out of town; in the country a well-paid
an accident job
to burn footsteps
to become respectable youth

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16





,
, -
- ?
?
?
,
.



.

PRESENT PERFECT.

.
-: already
just
( )

HAVE + V3
V3 . , V3
, ed.
.

. I have already watched TV.


. I have just watched TV.
. He has already written a letter.
. She has just come.
. We had already had dinner.

have (has)
.

? Has she just come?

,
.

have(has) not, .

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( ). I have not just come.

1.
present perfect
. present perfect
,
. ( ,
?, , ,
?.)

( ?) . I have already read this book.


( ?) . I have just read this book.

PRESENT PERFECT.

1. - .

. The President has arrived in London.


. I have cut my finger.

2. .

-. ? ,
-? , - . ,
.

-, .
He speaks perfect English as he has lived in England for 3 years.

(?). .
He knows a lot: he has read a lot.

(?).
.
She is an interesting person. She has been in many countries and has worked
with remarkable people.

3.

. I have already read the book.

2.
already present perfect
have/has V3.

3.
already yet
.

? Have you read this book yet?

4.
yet

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. I am not ready yet.


. He has not read a book yet.

5.
already yet
, ,
.

? Have you already read the book?

to lose heart
to lose ones head
to set the world on fire
to clear the air
to have (put) all eggs in one basket

: .
I have already written a letter.
Have I written a letter yet?
I havent written a letter yet.

1. .
2.
3.
4.
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

abroad
to adjust/adapt oneself (to), to accommodate oneself (to)

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17
( 16).

PRESENT PERFECT.

4. .

. I have just eaten an apple.


. She has just lost the a passport.

just ,
just now. just
PRESENT PERFECT, just now past simple.

:
1. I have just eaten an apple.
2. I ate an apple just now. (just now ).

5. , - .

6.
, . ,
, ( ), :
today
this week
this month
this year
this decade
this century
this millennium
( ,
).

( ).
I have gone to the theatre today.

5 ( ).
Our team has won 5 times this month.

.
I have finished school this year.

.
Science has achieved a lot this century.

( , , ,
).
I have seen this film several times.

, - (
, , , , , ,

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..), PAST
SIMPLE ( 11)

.
I finished school last year.

.
Science achieved a lot last century.

.
I went to the cinema yesterday.

7.
,
! ,
:

1. I have met my teacher this morning ( , 12


, )
2. I met my teacher this morning ( , 12 ,
, ).

6.
.

8.

, . , lately.
, recently.

( ).
He has drunk a lot recently.

( ).
She has drunk a lot lately.

7. - -
(ever), , .

- ? Have you ever eaten snails?


? Have you been to Italy?

8. -, -
, .

, - .
Its the best book I have ever read.

, ( -
).
Its the worst film Ive seen.

9. - .

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. I have never drunk coffee.


. He has never been to Italy.

-,
,
past simple, ,
, (. 11.)
I never drank coffee in childhood.

10. -,
for a long time.
for ages
since breakfast
so far
, -
.

9.
.

.
We havent met each other for a long time.

.
I havent been to the theatre for ages.

.
I have eaten nothing since morning.

.
She has not had any problems with her English so far.

11. -,
( ), , before.

10.
. :
1. ( , ),
earlier.
2. , before.

. I havent seen him before.


-, . To my mind, we havent met before.

12. -,
( ) , ( ).

, ( ).
Its the first time Ive driven a car.

.
Its the third time he has phoned this evening.

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: .
I have already read this book.
Have I read this book yet?
I havent read this book yet.

1. 7. .
2. . 8. .
3. . 9.
4. . .
5. . 10. 7 .
6. .

( = ) to have a screw loose


to be out of hand
. to listen to reason
to be in law water
to learn by heart
(.) Let this be a lesson to you

1. . . , , .
2. . .
? ?
3. . . ,
.
4. ( ). .
. ( ), . .
5. - ? -
?
6. .
. ?!
! ,
.
7. . , , ,
.
8. ! !
9. ! !
10. ! !

() to give up (smoking) science; (.)


to achieve let this be a lesson to you
to memorize, the humanities
to learn by heart exact sciences
an acquaintance; a friend to be a scientist
a foreigner to leave school
ice(-)cream a finger; a toe ()
these days a thumb

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depressed, dispirited dull/boring


to choke (over) natural calamity
tremendous, marvelous, a poem;
fabulous a rhyme ()
a kiss; - to suffer (from)
to blow kisses the third
the best a snail
the worst for ages

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18

PAST
PERFECT.

- .

HAD + V3

, ,
:
1. - by.
5 , , .

5 .
I have read this book by 5 oclock.

.
He had handed his home task by Monday.

.
We had driven up to school by the beginning of the lessons.

2. , past simple.
.

, .
I had made dinner before she came.
, .
We had left the town before the storm began.

past perfect had


, .

, ?
Had he had breakfast before he left home for work?
?
Had she arrived by the beginning of the dinner?

had not,
.

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16 .
We had not finished our work by the 16-th of June.
.
He had not spoken to the principal before he left for Paris.

1.
Past perfect ,
, .

, ?
Was your daddy at home when you came?
1: , .
No, he wasnt. He had already gone to work.
2: , .
Yes, he was. But shortly afterwards he went out.

, .
We had lived in Tbilisi before we moved to Moscow.

2.
past perfect
.
, ,
, ,
,
, past simple.
We lived in Tbilisi and then we decided to move to Moscow.

, , .
She came home, took off her coat, washed her hands and sank into the armchair.

3.
,
, ,
. ,
1. , . .
, . ,
past perfect.
She had been to the cinema.

2. , . .
, . ,
past progressive, to be
, V-ing, past
simple.
She was in he cinema.

to talk the same language


to put ones nose in the air
- to shut ones eye to
to play by ear

1
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: , .
He had gone home before we arrived at the party.
Had he gone home before we arrived at the party?
We had not gone home before we arrived at the party.

1. .
2. , .
3. ,
4. .
5. , .
6. , .
7. .
8. , .
9. 27 .
10. , .

1. . . , . .
, .
2. . . ,
. . ,
.
3. -, . . , .
4. , . , .
. , .
5. . . ,
.
6. . ,
.
7. . . .
, .
8. , . -
. , , .
9. , . ,
. , , .
10. 5 . , . ,
. ,
. .

close friends
1) () dish 2) () dish; course
a storm
a storm of cheers
to be divorced
to be in love with somebody
- to be married to somebody
during, at the time of
war
soon, presently, before long, shortly after
a short time later, shortly afterwards
- to go/come (to), to call (on), to visit

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to defend a thesis
an armchair
to travel by air
personally, in person
beginning
to be/feel nervous
a (over)coat
flight
to drive up to
to become acquainted (with)
to leave
, to hear from
to put on the weight
to enter the music school
to grow thin, to lose flesh
... to turn into, to change into; to grow into
the past
suggested, recommended
(, ) to give out
to hand
to pass an exam
to propose (marriage) (to)
to sink into an armchair
to take somebodys seat
to keep to a diet
to take away; to take off ( , . .)
to leave for
( -.) to have time (to do smth.); ( ) to be in time for
a school-year

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19

, -


, -

, -

PAST PERFECT (.
18) :
... hardly...when
... scarcely...when
... no sooner...then

.
had .

, .
Hardly had I entered the room when the light went out.
, .
Scarcely had I entered the room when the light went out.
, .
No sooner had I entered the room then the light went out.

( ) to be over head and ears in love


to fall dead to the world
strangely enough
it cant be helped
to recover from cold
to take an all-round view
to abuse by nothing
to be dead to the world
it was rumored

1. , .
2. , .
3. , .
4. , .
5. , .
6. , .
7. , .

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8. , .
9. , .
10. , .

, . ! ,
, . , ,
. , -
. , . ,
, , . !
. , . 20 ,
. !

perhaps to move to
to look out a song
to propose to a pillow
- another () to catch
funny to get married
to begin to ache to lose the gift of
to envy; to speech
be envious/jealous (of) the most beautiful
an infection again
to fall asleep to agree
to begin to snore quieter
to touch calm, quiet
the next day at once; right away;
to sing straight away
in spite of this ( ) to go bad
a window ( ) to go out
to snore

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20

1. ,


2. ,

1 (. 16,17).
2 ,
, 1,
.
2 ,
, , ,
, 1,
.
2 PRESENT PERFECT
PROGRESSIVE.

.
, , present perfect progressive
(. 10)

, .
I am so dirty because I have been painting a fence.

, . ,
( ) , .
- , ,
, , , , ,
present perfect progressive.

! ?
You are so dirty! What have you been doing?

, . , ,
, .
I am so satisfied but tired a little. I am satisfied because I have painted a fence
and I am tired because I have been painting it for too long.

1. , .
2. , .
3. ? .
4. ? ?
5. , .

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more or less
every dog has a day
! Come what may be!
( ) to be in the family way
to be in the same boat
in the pink
when in Rome, do as the Romans do
to go down in history
() ! Look (see) what happened!
He has had a screw loose

1. .
. ! ,
.
2. . !
.
3. : , .
? .
? , ,
.
4. ? ? ?
3- 4-? , ? ,
. , .
5. , ! !
!

brainless, stupid in spite of the fact


to look that
to look stupid news
dirty both
a fence in the rain
exhausted a friend
slow coach to invite
to spoil to invite to
to throw at somebody the party
( ) while irritated
quarrelling to control oneself
to paint rotten, bad
to shout at each to learn, to get to know
other an egg
a minister

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21

20 ,

,

PAST PERFECT
PROGRESSIVE.


.
:
, .
:
20 , .

, past simple.

HAD BEEN + V-ing

,
for.

2 . 25 (
, , , -
2 ).
My dad gave up smoking 2 years ago. He had been smoking for 25 years.

, . .
( , ).
I was very tired when I came home. I had been working hard all day long.

1.
2 : past progressive
past perfect progressive.
Past progressive
.

, .
It was raining when we went out.

Past perfect progressive


.

, . -, .
The sun was shining but the ground was wet. To all appearances it had been
raining.

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, , -,
, - -, .

2.
V-ing,
past perfect progressive, past perfect.

5 , .
We had known each other for 5 years before we decided to get married.

: 2 , .
I had been writing a letter for 2 hours before (when) he came.
Had I been writing a letter for 2 hours before he came?
I had not been writing a letter for 2 yours when he came.

1. , .
2. 20 , .
3. 2 , .
4. 40 , .
5. 3- ,
6. 10 ,
.
7. 2 , .
8. 20 , - .
9. 3 , .
10. 2 , .

! a bad business
through inexperience
to miss the bus (Ive missed the bus, he s missed the bus)
to be all ears
(), ( ) have a heart!
a half-baked idea
to kill 2 birds with one stone
there is something in the air
safe and sound
open as a day

1. - , .
. , .
, .
2. . .
. , .
, , . , -
.
3. . .
, . ,
, , , .
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non-stop
to potter about in the kitchen
to marry; to get married
to prescribe a medicine
long-awaited, long-expected
pity
heat, hot weather
to care (for), to take care (of); to look after
() to apologize to smb.
medicine, drug
to come, to begin
to come; to begin
- to explain to smb.
finally, once and for all
to all appearance(s)
- half a lesson
to feel pity
a rule
to excuse; to pardon; to forgive
cool(ness)
to repair
() kin
a test
independently (); without assistance, on one's own (
)
stuff and nonsense!
tiredness

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22

FUTURE SIMPLE.

,
.
-: tomorrow
next week
next year
next summer
2 in 2 years
2010 in 2010

WILL +

.
I will go to school tomorrow.

2 .
He will be back in 2 minutes.

.
Next summer we will work at archaeological expedition.

, will .

?
Will I go to school tomorrow?

2 ?
Will he be back in 2 minutes?

?
Will we work at archaeological expedition next summer?

not,
will. will not = wont.

.
I wont go to school tomorrow.

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2 .
He wont be back in 2 minutes.

.
Next summer we wont work at expedition.

1.
future simple , - :

? . .
( , present progressive.)
Ill phone her now.

2.
future simple , -
.

: .
Will you please be quiet? Im trying to concentrate.

, .
Will you shut the door, please?

3.
future simple , - -
- :

, .
Ive tried to advise her but she wont listen ( she refuses to listen).

. , .
The car wont start (the car refuses to start). I wonder whats wrong with it?

4.
( will) ,
future simple 1 . shall.

. I shall go to the cinema tomorrow.

. We shall go to the cinema tomorrow.

will
.

5.
shall
, - - .

. ?
I have no money. What shall I do?

, ?
Where shall we go tonight?

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. ?
Its cold. Shall I shut ( close) the window?

6.
future simple
:
probably
probably
I expect
Im sure
I think
I dont think
I wonder

, , .
Ill probably come home late this evening.

. , .
I havent seen my husband today. I expect he will phone this evening.

- . , .
Dont worry about the exam. Im sure youll pass.

, .
I dont think the exam will be very difficult.

, .
I wonder what will happen in a couple of days.

7.
present simple.

, .
I hope my husband phones this evening.

, .
I hope it doesnt rain tomorrow.

to be in fashion
to be out of fashion
to be in cash
to be out of cash
to cash the cheque
to pay through the nose
to pay by credit card
to pay in cash
to pay back in the same coin
things are different now

: 5 .
Ill come back in 5 minutes.
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Will I come back in 5 minutes?


I wont come back in 5 minutes.

1. .
2. .
3.
4. 2 .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

1. .
.
, .
, , .
.
2. .
.
.
.
, .
3. , .
, .
.
, .
, , .
.

archaeological to apologize for


rich, wealthy I wonder
to be quiet a career
- to worry about a filmstar
a choice; an option skin
to give advice, to a mosquito
give a piece of advice communists
money to dream (of)
to live on ones , to
salary (earnings) dream of being a filmstar
to depend on all of us
to start (); to like
to wind up () to explain
to pay for clothes
wages . (); to approve (of)
salary, pay graduation
() to refuse
to defend a vacation; a holiday, a leave (
to defend from )
healthy behaviour, conduct
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a present, a gift to concentrate


please special, especial; express
to congratulate on means
an outing, a hike, style
a walking-tour, a camping trip - a top-model
government a bite; () a sting
a cause; a reason; a motive in ( )
to try 3 every 3 hours;
to expect in two hours;
next after a while;
next summer in a year; a year later (
() difficult )
to happen an exam
advice an expedition
the sun

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23

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
(. 8) , ,
.
,
(present progressive present simple) ,
. ,
, .
, .
,
, ( , )
,
1) , ,
2) , ,
3) , ( ).
,
, . , ,
. ,
, , .
, - ,
, present progressive.

.
My mum is coming tomorrow.

. - .
I am not working tomorrow. We can go out somewhere.

.
He is leaving tomorrow.

?
What time are you meeting tomorrow?

.
I am having dinner with my aunt on Wednesday.

.
Tomorrow I am playing tennis with a friend of mine (with my friend).

1.

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, , ,
( , , ..),
present simple.

5 . The train leaves in 5 minutes.

? What time does the film begin?

. Tomorrow is Monday.

5 5
.

. The train arrives in half an hour.

. Mum is arriving in half an hour.

2.
?, ?.
,
present progressive, ,
, , .

?
What are you doing this evening? (What are you doing tonight?)

?
Where are you going tomorrow?

: .
I am going to school tomorrow.
Am I going to school tomorrow?
I am not going to school tomorrow.

1. .
2. .
3. 2 .
4. .
5. .
6. 5 .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

to run at a top speed


- to be in anothers shoes
to watch out (for)
to be out of ones mind
to know which side ones bread is buttered
to be thick-skinned

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- once in a blue moon


in the end (in the long run)
at a last reason
to be exhausted (to feel exhausted)

1. . ,
, .
. , ,
.
. ! -
, ! ,
. , , ,
.
2. . . 2 . ,
- . ? , , ?
! -, . . .
. , .
3. ? ?
? , ?
(, )?
? ? ?

to get up
what time
as a last resort
in particular
birthday
he doesnt care
to become sunburnt / brown
to play tennis
on the beach
alone
to go sight-seeing, to see the sights (of)
the day after tomorrow
to feel giddy, dizzy
to arrive
to arrive
to get divorced
to celebrate; to make ()
ancient, antique, age-old
to run away from
unique
to hear a sound

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24

- .
:

1: to be going + .

2: to be about + .

. I am going to buy a car.

. I am going to see this film.

. She is about to visit her friends.


to be.

? Are you going to buy a car?

? Are you going to see this film?

? Is she about to visit her friends?

. I am not going to buy a car.

. You are not going to see this film.

. She is not about to visit her friend.

1.
-
, - , - (,
), , .

, .
He was going to do exams, but then he changed his mind.

,
.
We were going to travel by train, but then we changed out mind and decided
to go by car.

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2.
- ,
. just.

, - !
I was just going to cross the road when somebody shouted Stop!.

. just
.

. .
I am just going to have dinner. Join me.

3.
,
- ( ) - , ,
, ,
-, , .

. , (, ).
I feel terrible. I am going to be sick.

! , ! ( ).
Look at those black clouds! Its going to rain!

, ! , .
Oh, it smells great! The cake is going to be ready.

4.
to go 2.

.
He is about to go out.

.
I am about to go to university (I am going to enter the university).

: .
I am going to have dinner with you.
Am I going to have dinner with you?
I am not going to have dinner with you.

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

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in that case
to go into details
- backwards and forwards
the pink of perfection
hard-boiled
to see through
to make hay of something
with all ones might
in any case (at any rate)
just in case

1. , .
, , .
2. . . .
, .
(, ) .
3. . .
. (
). () . ()
.

a lawyer
the right/correct decision
at any rate; at any case
everything necessary
to do an assignment
to do research
research
private life
for carnival
at games
to visit; to call on; to come to see
smart clothes
scientific work to do a paper
research
to provide (with)
to dress like a dolly
to dress tastefully
to dress in red
to change one's mind
right
( , ) for the time being, for the time present; ! . so
long!, (I'll) see you later, bye-bye
to get a profit (out of), to receive a profit (from); to profit (by/from)
to spend money for
rights
to decide; to take/reach a decision
to divide into

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to go in for an examination, to take an examination; to sit an


examination, to do an examination
the decision/judgment worthy of Solomon
a competition
a black cloud
black

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25

.
- , ,
, .
.
, 2- .
, ,
. .
,
.
, , .
,
. ?.

(?), .
(?), .

, ?, ?,
?, ? .

( ?), .

, ?,
.

(?), .

, ?,
.
, (
) , ,
, .

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, ,
.
.
.
,
:

if
when
after
, before
() while
as soon as
unless
..., until
, 1. as long as
2. so long as
3. provided /that/
4. providing /that/

, .
Ill phone you when I get home from work.

, .
Well go for a walk when it stops raining.

, .
Ill be a film star when I grow up.

, .
I am going to read a lot of books while I am on holiday.

, , .
Turn off the light before you go out.

, .
Ill kiss you (Ill give you a kiss) if you want.

, .
Ill phone you if I come on time.

! , .
Hurry up! If we dont hurry, well be late.

, .
She will pass the exam providing she studies hard.

, .
Im playing tennis tomorrow providing it isnt raining.

, .

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I am playing tennis tomorrow unless it is raining.

, .
He will lend us this book as long as we give it back on time.

1.
,
.
, , , .

(?), .
Ill try to find out when you will visit me.

(?), .
Ill tell you everything when you visit me.

2.

if. if
, .

(?), .
I want to know if you will visit me.

if whether,
, .

(?), .
He asks whether you will come on Sunday.

3.
:
when
after
..., until
as soon as
present simple, present perfect.

, ?
Can you lend me the book when you have finished it?

, .
I wont give you an ice cream until you have finished your soup.

, .
He will come home as soon as he has finished his research.

, .
Youll feel better after you have taken this medicine.

present perfect
, .

, .
( , , ).

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When I have phoned my mum, well sit down to dinner.

2 ,
present simple.

, .
( ).
When I phone my mum, Ill invite her to dinner.

4.
,
, : ( ( ? ?),
),
(present simple) .

- , .
Well make something delicious in case guests come.

,
.
Football referees usually wear two watches in case one of them stops during a
game.

1
( .)

: - , .
Ill buy something for supper if I go shopping.
Will I buy something for supper if I go shopping?
I wont buy something for supper if I go shopping.

1. , .
2. , .
3. , .
4. , .
5. , .
6. , .
7. , .
8. , .
9. , .
10. , , .
11. , .
12. , .
13. , .
14. , .
15. , .
16. , ,
.
17. , .
18. , .
19. - , .
20. , .


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to be on leave
distinctly
during a game
to grow
two watches
to work hard
to write down
a bigger salary
to make excuses, to apologise to
when possible, when it is possible, when there's a
possibility
a flat
to buy for supper
slowly
a name; an appellation; a title ()
1) to draw; to paint (); 2) . ( ) to picture
to lend (-.); to borrow (from) ( -.);
a plan
to go to sea
to forget (about)
to go for a walk, to walk, to stroll, to take a walk/stroll
purchase; buying
to understand, to comprehend
to get lost
to offer
to visit, to pay a visit, to go on a visit, to go to see
to take the medicine
to get wet
straight home
to do shopping
to sit down to the table
to become warmer
the right books
a football referee
a clubman
- something delicious

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26

7
,

FUTURE PERFECT.

3- :
1. ( by) + (, ,
, )

by September
by Monday
7 by 7 oclock
by the beginning of the school-year
by Christmas
by my birthday

2. , ( before) +
.

before mummy leaves home for work


(goes to work).
, before you enter the room.

3. , ( by the time) +
.

, by the time you leave for work.


, by the time we get home.

WILL HAVE + V3

.
Ill have written my textbook by September.

.
He will have read all the necessary books by the beginning of the school year.

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She will have spent all her savings by the end of her holiday.

3- .
Tomorrow by 3 oclock Ill have read your book.

, , .
By the time we get to the cinema, the film will already have started.

, .
He will have fallen in love with her before he begins to speak to her.

: .
Ill have fired (dismissed) him by the end of the week.
Will I have fired him by the end of the week?
I wont have fired him by the end of the week.

1. , .
2. , .
3. , .
4. ,
.
5. , .
6. .
7. , .
8. ,
.
9. ,
.
10. , .

a crying shame
from time to time
with all ones heart
to get something out of ones mind
the head of the family
for a change
to know from experience
() at your convenience
to use somebodys mind; to think twice
a man of his word
, a man of worth

1. , -
.
2. .
3. , , ,
.
4. , .
5. , .
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6. , .
7. .
8. , .
9. , .
10. .
11. .
12. , .
13. .
14. , .
15. .
16. - ?
17. , , .
18. , .
19. , .
20. .
21. .
22. ?
23. ?
24. ?
25. ?
26. , , .
27. , ?
28. , , , ,
, .
29. ?
30. ?

rent rent
( ) the Browns ins and outs
a crazy idea a detail
the future to spend
to offer help
you should do it (- -)
to take an interview to introduce (to)
to fall in love (with)
to realize to drop an
all days long acquaintance
to wear oneself out to put in order,
to get out of a car to bring order to
to make a promise smth.
to reach, to get to to think out, to invent
extra payment to pretend (to be), to act
to begin to speak savings
as a child to get into a car
the smallest stunning
at first sight to demand (of, from)
odd; ridiculous to put out the light
necessary, essential to dismiss; to fire,
news; a piece of news to give the sack
to think over fantastic(al)
final success
mankind, humanity

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27

,


2- 5

,

4 , :
- ( )
. FUTURE
PROGRESSIVE.

-
.

WILL BE + V-ing

I will be eating at 5 tomorrow.

future progressive,
will .

Will I be eating at 5 tomorrow?

future progressive,
will not.

I wont be eating at 5 tomorrow.

1.
:
1. 7 , 16 30 14
2. , , ,
7 , ?,
.

(?), .
I will be watching TV when mummy comes into the room.

, ?
Will I be watching TV when mummy comes home?

, .
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I will not (wont) be watching TV when mummy comes home.

,
, ( 25).

2.
:
1. ... ... from... till

2- 7.
I will be watching TV from 2 till 7.

2. , : ,
( ). the whole day, all day long

.
Ill be sleeping tomorrow all day long.

?
Will I be sleeping tomorrow all day long?

.
I wont be sleeping tomorrow all day long.

3.
future progressive
( ,
,
).
,
, . while.
, while
, .

, .
Ill be watching TV while my mummy is making supper.

, ?
Will I be watching TV while my mummy is making supper?

, .
I wont be watching TV while mummy is making supper.

4.
to see future progressive
:

. ( ).
Ill be seeing him tomorrow.

: , .
I will be having dinner when you come.
Will I be having dinner when you come?

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I wont be having dinner when you come.

1. , .
2. , .
3. .
4. , .
5. , .
6. 7 .
7. 2- 3-.
8. , .
9. .
10. .

to be over head and ears in business (in work)


to be sick to death
a happy medium
to keep up with
to keep up with the times
to follow ones nose
year in, year out
at first hand
? what is eating him?
when pigs fly
when my ship comes home
in short
( ) Ive missed the bus; youve missed the bus ..

1. .
2. , .
3. , , .
4. ,
.
5. ? ,
.
6. - ?
7. , ,
.
8. ,
.
9. , ,
.
10. , .
11. .
12. , , .
13. , .
14. , .
15. , , .

unemployment
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luckier
ex-
employment office
furious
to lend money
to hold smb. by the hand
( . ) ever
exhausted, worn out
people
the luckless
to apply for a job
to swim
at least
to drop an acquaintance
to pretend to be ill
to give a lesson, to conduct a lesson
to pass by
to lose everything
to gossip, to talk scandal ()
lucky; successful

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28

2 ,

15 2 ,


2
, .

FUTURE PERFECT
PROGRESSIVE.

,
- .

, .
( ,
).

, ,
for.

15 for 15 minutes
22 for 22 years

WILL HAVE BEEN + V-ing

future perfect progressive


will .
future perfect progressive,
will not.

15 ,
.
Well have been flying non-stop for 15 hours before we get to the destination.

15 ,
?
Will we have been flying non-stop for 15 hours before we get to the
destination?

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15 ,
.
We wont have been flying non-stop for 15 hours before we get to the
destination.

, ?
How long will you have been flying before you get to the destination?

, .
Next year we will have been studying English for 3 years.

2 , ?
Will we have been studying English for 3 years next year?

21 , .
Next summer they will have been married for 21 years.

7 , .
In August we will have been living in Moscow for 7 years.

, , 2 .
By the moment you come, Ill have been studying English for 2 hours.

, .
Tomorrow the weather in Moscow will have been keeping terribly hot for a
week.

2 10 , .
In 2 month she will have been working at school for 10 years.

: 6 , .
In December Ill have been working on this textbook for 6 month.
Will I have been working on this textbook for 6 month in December?
I wont have been working on this book for 6 month in December.

1. 8 , .
2. 3 , .
3. 15 , 40 .
4. 28 , .
5. 10 , .
6. , .
7. , , .
8. 25 , .
9. , , , ,
.
10. 5 , .

to come easy
to go out of ones way
, take it or leave it
by all means

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by trial and error


one of these days
to hope against hope
. The weather keeps hot.
. The weather keeps fine.
. I wasnt born yesterday.

1. , , 2 , .
2. .
3. , , 2
.
4. ! !
5. .
6. , .
7. , . , .
8. , .
9. , , -,
, .
10. , ,
, .

, ! Thats settled!
to meet somebody the second time
nonsense!, stuff and nonsense!, rubbish!
cottage
to prove; to demonstrate ()
to be friends (with)
to cycle, to go for a cycle ride
40 when he is 40
to save up
destination, destination point, the place of destination
to go to the cottage
to work at/on the theme

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29

,

,
, 20

,
, 7
, ,

,
, 5
, 2

, 2 ,

,
, ,

, 7
, ,

, 5

,
2-
,
2- ,

,

,

,

,

,


, .
, .
:

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1. , .
.
.

2. , .
.
.

3. , .
.
.

,
, .

1. I promise he will come tomorrow.


2. Ill explain why he came yesterday.

,
,
, , ,
.

, , ,
,
, , , 4: past simple, past
progressive, past perfect, past perfect progressive.
, :

,
,
.
,
.

:
1.
2. will would
1.
) ,
, , ()
, .

, .
He said he did it every day.

1.

.

, .

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, .
He said he danced every day.

, ().
He said he was dancing.

, 25 .
He said he had been dancing for 25 minutes.

)
, ,
(past perfect past perfect
progressive). , , ,
, ,
, .

, 5 .
He said he was working in the garden at 5.
( )

, 5 .
He said he had been working in the garden for 5 hours.

, .
He said he had lost a book.

2.
will would ,
(, , 4: future simple,
future progressive, future perfect, future perfect progressive),
will would.

, .
He said he would read this book.

, .
He said he would have read this book by Thursday.

, 5 .
He said he would be reading this book at 5.

, 2 3 , .
He said that in 2 minutes he would have been reading this book for 3 hours.

2.
,
,
.

(?), .
He said he worked a lot.

(?), .
, !
? , , ,

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, .
He introduced me to his friend who works in a bank.

, .
, !
, , .
Last year I worked less than I work now.

3.
,
.

, 100 .
The teacher told that water boils at 100 degrees.

, .
The teacher told that the earth goes round the sun.

4.
,
.

, 1987 .
He said he was born in 1987.

, 1564 ?
Didnt you know that Shakespeare was born in 1564?

5.

,
( ,
), ,

present perfect! (. 16,17). !

, !
You have just promised that you wont smoke any more.
- will no longer smoke.

6.
,
(, ) (, , , , ,
, , 2 ) (),
, .
this that
these those
here there
now then
tomorrow the next day, the following day
this week that week
yesterday the day before (the previous day)
last week (year, night...) the week (year, night...) before
today that day

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next week the next week


ago before

, .
He said he had been ill the day before.

, .
He said it was very hot there.

, .
He said he would come he next day.

, .
He said he was very busy then.

, .
He said he was on holiday on the Canaries the year before.

, 3 .
He said that they had seen him on a train on a train 3 days before.

7.
,
, , ( , ...),
( -) 2- :

(, )
1. told me (her, mother)
2. said to me (her, mother)

, .
1. He told me that you were working on a book then.
2. He said to me that you were working on a book then.

8.
(
,
, )
:

to answer
to report, to inform
to inform
to declare, to announce
to think
to warn
to explain
to promise
to write

, .
He answered he was out of cash.

, .
They informed that they would have come by the beginning of the school year.

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, .
She declared that she would marry the next week.

, .
She said he would be glad to her coming.

, .
He warned he wouldnt be (come) back soon.

, .
We explained to them that we had nothing against them.

, .
They promised they would give the money back on time.

, .
He wrote to his mum, that he was fine (great, OK).

: . , .
She said: Ill be back late. She said she would be back late.

9.
,
Perfect,
Indefinite.

, , .
She told me that she had been (past perfect) to the cinema, where she met (past
simple) an old friend.

10.

:
to ask
to wonder
to find out
to want to know

, .
( , 23,
2).
She asked me if I was going to the cinema.

, .
My mum wondered if my friend had entered the University.

, .
Then they tried to find out if we were going to stay there long.

, .
He wonted to know if we would have came back before dark.

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, .
He asked if I had been to the cinema that day.

11.
- ,
( , ), ( ,
), ( , ), ( ,
), ( ,
), , ,
.
, .
:

1. ?
2. , .

1. When will she come back home?


2. He wants to know when she will come back home.

, ,
( ,
!)

, .
He asked me when she would come back home.

? What time is it?


, . You know what time it is.
, ? Do you know what time it is?
, . You knew what time it was.
, ? Did you know what time it was?

?
Who is this woman?
, .
I dont know who this woman is.
, .
I didnt know who this woman was.

?
Where can I find your headmaster?
, ?
Can you tell me where I can find your headmaster?

?
How much will it cost?
, ?
Do you know how much it will cost at least approximately?
, .
I wondered how much it would cost.

?
What do you mean?

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, , .
Explain, please, what you mean.
, .
He explained what you meant.

?
Why did she go to school so early?
, .
I wonder why she went to school so early.
, .
I wondered why she had gone to school so early.

12.
, ,
,
, , ,
:

(?), ( ?), .
, ,
:
1.
(. 25)
2.
He said that he would do it if the weather was good.

, , .
He said he would have done it before it started raining.

, , .
He thought he would do it when he grew up.

, , .
He promised he would do it if he wasnt too busy.

1
( .)

: , .
He said it was cold there.
Did he say it was cold there?
He didnt say it was cold there.

1. , .
2. , .
3. , .
4. , .
5. , .
6. , .
7. , .
8. , .
9. 6 , , .
10. , , .
11. , 2- ,
.

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12. , , .
13. , 1779 , ,
1879 .
14. ! , , .
15. , , .
16. , .
17. , .
18. , .
19. , .
20. , .
21. , .
22. , , , .
23. , , .
24. , .
25. , .
26. , , .
27. , , .
28. , , .
29. , , .
30. , , .
31. , .
32. , - .
33. , .
34. , .
35. , .
36. , .
37. , .
38. , .
39. , .
40. , .
41. , - .
42. , .
43. , , .
44. , .
45. , .
46. , .
47. , .
48. , .
49. , .
50. , .

to spend money like water


to be over head and ears in debts; to be deep in the hole
in the parents presence
for everyone to hear
I have no idea
under the circumstances
to come to see somebodys place
to get clear of debts
to throw ones money around

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1. . , . , .
, . , , .
, . , . ,
. , , .
2. . ,
. ,
. ,
. , . ,
. , .
, ? , ?
, ? ,
.
3. ? , .
, . ,
, . , ?
, ? ,
, ? ,
, . , .
4. . ,
. ,
. ,
(, )
. , ?
, ,
. , . ,
?
5. . ,
. , .
, . , .
, ? ,
? , , .

to drive robbery
to complain to become free;
insolent to get free
cheap to run across
a road near here
a railway to go fishing
station to fail in an
gloomy exam
in fact Christmas
the foreseeable to go for a holiday
future to steal
to declare to feel well

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30

- (,
)
-
(, )


, 1? , ,
.
, :
, , ,
.
,
? ?, :
( ) .

.
, .
.
, .

,
.
.
(?, ?)

(?) .
(?) .

, (
) ( ).
:
1. : active voice
2. passive voice
, , .
, , .
, active voice ,
.
.
? .
passive voice ,
.
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.
? .
, ,
.
, ,
.
:
. ,
.

, PASSIVE VOICE BE + V3

, :
a) ,
b) , .

a) ( , ).
Money is stolen in the shops quite often.

b) ( , ).
Rooms in this hotels are cleaned every day.

, ,
by:

.
The air in town is polluted by exhaust gas.

.
The calm of the town is broken by the drunk.

, ,
with:

.
Bread is usually cut with a knife.


to be (. 2).

?
Is bread usually cut with a knife?
.
Bread is not usually cut with a knife.

1.
:
a) - ( , 3-
):
1. .
2. .
3. .
b) , :
4. .
5. .

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6. .
c) :
7. .
8. .
9. .
d) ,
() :
10. .

,
: passive voice.

1. She is much spoken about.


2. They are often discussed in lobby talks.
3. He is never invited to the dinner-parties.
4. Tables are usually made of wood.
5. Luxury buildings are seldom built outskirts.
6. Apples are often sold at the market.
7. This table is made by my father.
8. These tables are made of wood.
9. Idioms in this book are arranged in alphabetical order.
10. Such selfish behavior is often caused by inferiority complex.

2.
,
, ,
:

I am promised
I am asked

They are paid


They are cheated

You are served


You are paid on time

.
You are often mentioned in newspapers

.
You are often mentioned in newspapers

: .
I am often invited to the parties.
Am I often invited to the parties?
I am not often invited to the parties.

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .

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6. .
7. .
8. .
9. 4 .
10. .
11. .
12. .
13. - .
14.
.
15. .

1. . .
2. . .
3. .
.
4. .
.
5. . , -
.
6. .
.
7. , .
8. , . , .
9. , .
10. . .

to dupe smb., to string smb. along


to blow round
to stay up late

3 3 thousand
water-colours
in the shop
in alphabetical order
driving
air
an enemy
( , ) to cause
graduate, graduating student, final-year student
exhaust gas
a town; a city ( )
to counsel, to advise, to give advice
a tree
() wood
degree work/thesis/research
additional, extra
- an accident

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to pollute
() a story
- some; any
a company
inferiority complex
lobby
a lot of people
to the dinner party
outskirts
at the market
to employ
to disturb; to break
careless
unforeseen
a knife
night
to deceive, to cheat; to trick
to leave without care
to refuse to get
to pay a salary
to pay taxes
an increase in pay
people in years, the old
order
( ) to act
profit(s), benefit
to invite to ones birthday party
to sell
to call somebody to phone
to forgive, to excuse
the drunk
lobby talks
to arrange; to place, to put, to set
to cut
quiet, calm(ness)
a thousand
to mention
bread
ink
honestly; fair, fairly
luxury, fine, splendid, grand, magnificent ()
delicate
examination-papers
apples

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31
( 30)

3.
, , (
), :

( : , ).
( : , ).
( : ,
).

,
.
, ,
,
.

1. to give

.
-
, .

, passive voice
.

I often give him books.


He if often given books.
Books are given to him quiet often.

2. to tell

.
Every day I tell my children tails.
) .
My children are told tails every day.
) .
Tails are told to my children every day.

3. to show

.
He shows tricks to children every day.
) .
Children are shown tricks every day.
) .
Tricks are shown to children every day.

4. to promise

.
I promise you the pay rise.
) .

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You are promised the pay rise.


) .
The pay rise is promised by each new minister.

5. to offer

.
I offer you a well-paid job.
) .
You are offered a well-paid job.
) .
A well-paid job isnt offered too often.

6. to send

.
We often send you telegrams of congratulations.
) .
You are often sent telegrams of congratulations.
) .
Telegrams of congratulations are often sent to the relations.

7. to pay

.
We pay him expensively for English lessons.
) .
He is paid well for English lessons.
) .
English lessons are paid well.

4.
,
:

1. , to ask

.
Our teacher often asks him such questions.
) .
He is often asked such questions.
) .
.

2. to teach

-.
An experienced professor teaches English to first-year students (freshmen).
) - .
First-year students are taught English.
) .
.


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that's the heart of the matter


a young hopeful
to make a mountain out of a molehill
open-hearted
ones heart sank into ones boots (to get cool feet)
to let the grow under ones feet
to leave a cat and dog life
to sit on a powder keg
put it into your pipe and smoke it
he wont set the Thames on fire

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. ,
.
10. , , .

1. : , .
, - , ,
. ! ,
, !
2. ! .
! .
? !
! , !
, , ,
!
3. ! , .
! !
, , . ,
, -
. , - !

neatly, smartly
splendidly
a question; a matter (); an issue ( , ); a problem
()
to get out of a difficulty
academy
an ugly thing
- - to give something to somebody
dearly
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... ... if... then...


once more; once again
toys
tricky; ticklish
high-quality food
a collection
bone
( ) with great ease
miniature
a coin
during entrance examinations
in search of a job
liquid milk
a freshman; a first-year student/man
- to write to
by post
to get ready; to prepare (for)
to be ready properly
such a question
the telegram of congratulation
to send
prestige; prestigious
a pay rise
a proper place
with (the greatest) pleasure
made of
ivory
tricks
shashlik

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32
( 30 31)

5.
,
:

1. to explain

.
2 :

1) .
2) .

,
, , .

The grammar rules are explained to children twice a day.

,
It is usually explained to me how to make supper. -
: , .

2. to dictate

.
I dictate letters to her every day.
.
The letters are dictated to her every day.

3. to write

.
I seldom write letters to her.
.
The letters are seldom written to her.
.
Detailed letters are usually written to near relations.

4. to read

.
She often reads detective stories to us.
.
Tails are often read to us before night.
.
Such literature is often read before night.

5. to describe

.
She describes her dreams vividly enough.

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.
Your admirers are often described to me.
.
Admires are usually described with great pleasure.

6. to repeat

.
I repeat these wards to you every day of the week.
.
These words are repeated to you every day of the week.
.
These words are repeated in our flat every day of the week.

7. to declare

, .
I declare that you are not wanted here.
, .
It is declared to me that I am not wanted here.

8. to sing

.
The Italians usually sing serenades to their sweet-hearts.
.
The serenades are often sung in Italy.
.
The serenades are usually sung to me before night.

9. to buy

.
I buy clothes (things) for my children at Konkovo.
.
Clothes for children are bought at Konkovo.
.
Good clothes are not bought at Konkovo.

10. to sell

.
Sometimes my familiar artist sells her works.
.
Paints are usually sold to her on the cheap.
.
Paints are usually sold on the cheap in this part of the town.

11. to recommend

.
I recommend you to consult the doctor.
.
It is recommended to you to consult the doctor.
.

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I am recommended to all the familiars as an honest doctor.

12. to introduce

.
Let me introduce you my husband.
.
Her husband was introduced to you.

13. to address

.
I address you my thanks.
.
My scorn is addressed to her.
, .
Your hatred isnt addressed to the right person.

14. to announce

- .
An announcer usually announces something important over the television.
- .
Something important is usually announced to us over the television.
.
The dinner-party is usually announced beforehand.

15. to suggest, to propose

6.
: to offer, to
suggest, to propose, ,
.
to offer,
1) , ( , I
can offer you a job, a cup of coffee).
2) -, (
I offer to help you).

to suggest,
1) - , ,
- , , -

2) - , , - ,
.
to suggest .
1) V-ing
I suggest going to the cinema.
2) should that
I suggest that he should go to the cinema.

to propose,
1) - , , -
I propose Sidorov;

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2) - ,
I propose to you. : Marry me
.

to offer (.
1), to suggest to propose
.
to suggest
.
I suggest going to the cinema
.
It is suggested to me going to the cinema

to propose
.
I propose to you
.
It is often proposed to me

to offer
.
I offer a job
.
1) I am offered a job
2) A job is offered to me

by the way
on the top of the world
on the tip of ones tongue
to call a spade a spade
to refuse point black
at odds (with)
! Mind your own business!
! God forbid!
from a different world
(, ) ! It serves (him, her) right!

: .
I am often offered a good job.
Am I often offered a good job?
I am not often offered a good job.

1. , .
2. .
3. .
4.
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. , .

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9. ,
.
10. .

1. , .
, , -, .
, ,
. ? ?
? ,
?
2. .
, . -,
, , , ,
, , : !
! , .
? , ,
. - ?
, ,
.

a sum
thanks
near relations
as a teacher
in the original
to have something on the tip of one's tongue
things
to interfere in other people's business
a lover, a sweetheart
to perceive
enthusiastic
aloud
all sorts of rubbish; stuff
roughly
cheaply
conscientious
completely
vividly
a problem
beforehand, in advance
to deserve
- to make do something
how
every day of the week
which
colours
fashionable, stylish things
unknown (to), unfamiliar (to); strange
displeasure
new material
to consult the doctor
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company; society
once, one day
an extract, a passage;
before night
to sing serenades
as a matter of fact
in detail
an admirer
() subject
(forth)coming
scorn
to put in order, to bring smb. to his senses;
ABC, primary
with happy end
from all over the world
a theorem
testing
one or another
pupils
careless work

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33
( 30, 31, 32)

7.
,
.

.
English pronunciation is always paid much attention to.

.
The children are taken good care of in this family.

.
He is often found fault with.

.
Stupid teachers are often made fun of.

.
This pen is seldom made use of.

.
He is always lost sight of during the walk.

.
Her presence is seldom notice of.

.
He is often made a fool of.

.
He is much spoken about on TV.

.
This doctor is often send for at night.

,
:

1. to look at .
2. to look after -, -.
3. to look down , .
4. to look up - .
5. to look forward to - , -
6. to look for
7. to look about , ,
8. to look through ( ), - , -
9. to look into ,
10. to look on
11. to call for
12. to call on

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13. to laugh at -
14. to refer to , ,
15. to send for
16. to rely on
17. to hear from - -
18. to hear about - -
19. to hear of , - -
20. to listen to
21. to speak about
22. to speak of
23. to talk about
24. to take notice of
25. to think of -,
26. to think over ,
27. to find fault with
28. to pay attention to
29. to depend on
30. to insist on
31. to object to ,
32. to agree upon -
33. to wait for
34. to make fun of
35. to make a fool of ,
36. to make use of ,
37. to play a trick on
38. to lose sight of
39. to take care of ,
40. to set fire to

8.

, ( ,
?, ?, ?).

.
(?) . I live in this house in summer.
.
. This house is lived in summer.

1. to live in
2. to sleep in
3. to drink out of
4. to lie on

. This bed is seldom slept in.


. This cup is seldom drunk out of.
. This sofa is seldom lain on.

: .
I am often spoken about.
Am I often spoken about?

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I am not often spoken about.

1. . 6. .
2. . 7. .
3. . 8. .
4. 9. .
5. . 10. .

1. . .
2. . , -
.
3. . .
4. .
.
5. .
.
6. - . .
7. . , .
8. , . ,
.
9. . .
10. . , -,
.
11. . 14 25
.
12. , .
, .
13. .
.
14. . .
15. . .

1. ? ?
, ? ,
?
2. , .
, ,
.
3. , . ,
.
4. - ? -
( - )? ( ,
). ?
5. 15 . , . , .
5.

a bus disorganised
an author rebellious
antique, ancient, classical obviously, evidently
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extra dislike
earnings unrealizable
to wait for hours to need; to be in need of
to show oneself necessary
for nothing; to no purpose present, today's
change near the cinema
Catholic excellent, perfect
countries beer
keys teenagers
a room (.) the aged;
a favourite people in years
the slightest 5 at 5 oclock sharp
youth, young people own
at every corner more often
at physics lessons a attic
coming first aid
misunderstanding

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34

,
2 :
1. ,
2. .
- ( 30).
, passive voice.
present progressive (
8)

: present progressive BE + V-ing


passive voice BE + V3
,
present progressive: BE BEING + V3

.
We are being shown on TV now.

.
You are being spoken about on the radio.

.
We are being shown an interesting trick now.

! .
Say cheese. You are being taken a photo.

.
They are being given an injection now.

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
PASSIVE VOICE to be.

?
Are you being served at the moment?

- ?
Is he being fed with anything delicious now?

: .
I am free; I am not being waited for.

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, - .
He is not being asked any questions; the letter is being dictated to him at the
moment.

a heart-to-heart talk
sooner or later
to be born with a silver spoon in ones mouth
any time
it goes without saying; it stands to reason
to drive someone up the wall
to ride a hobby horse
to be fed up to the teeth
to play for time
the rush hour

: .
I am being waited for at the moment.
Am I being waited for at the moment?
I am not being waited for at the moment.

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. , .
9. .
10. .

1. ?
. , ,
. , .
, . ,
, , , ,
.
2. ! , , -, - . ,
, ,
, .
3. , , . ,
! , . , ,
.

absolutely, perfectly complete chaos

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penniless to examine
madly on/by the radio, over the air
disorder, mess on television
on a bus ( ) it looks as if...
it seems to you to follow
to get in to confess
delicious under present
appearance (); power
performance ( ); statement to work at/on
(); speech () to be glad/pleased/happy
to give an injection ( ) if
yellow press (at) any moment
to follow smb.; close(ly) to follow
to seem to broadcast
(.) channel to smile
to feed - to smile at
by coming somebody
manna from heaven to take a photograph
I'm afraid/terrified, I fear (of)
milk porridge it is
to serve unbearable/insufferable

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35

20

( )

present perfect progressive ( 10).


(. 30).
perfect
progressive , ,
perfect progressive,
perfect.
present perfect:
present perfect (HAVE + V3) (BE + V3).

PRESENT PERFECT PASSIVE VOICE: HAVE BEEN + V3

.
I have been spoken about since Monday.
5 .
This house has been built for 5 years.
8 .
This room has been cleaned since 8 oclock.

present perfect passive voice


have/has .

?
Have I been spoken about since Monday?
5 ?
Has this house been built for 5 years?
8 ?
Has this room been cleaned since 8 oclock?

present perfect passive voice not


have/has.

.
I have not been spoken since Monday.
5 .
This house has not been built for 5 years.
8 .
This room has not been cleaned since 8 oclock.

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: .
I have been asked since morning.
Have I been asked since morning?
I have not been asked since morning.

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. , .
9. .
10.
.

to come to ones senses


to wear the trousers
to be in the swim
to be out of the swim
the pink of perfection
to keep in the dark
! Shame on you!
to dupe somebody
a knowing old bird
come rain or shine
to feel ill at ease (with somebody)
to be at ones ease

1. , : .
, ! ?
, . , , ,
. , ! ,
, . , .
! !
2. , . ,
, . ,
, , .
, , , : , ,
, , . .
3. , !
? 7 .
, .
, ?
. .
? ? ,
, .

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in the spirit of smb./smth.


to conduct oneself, to behave
good-natured, good-humoured
trusting, trustful
best-known number (); one's usual trick .
youth
to worry
hard
to offend (smb.)
to pay attention (to); to take notice (of), to notice
to spend the night
! Look here!
to lose a job
to entertain, to amuse
religious
tolerance
! Help yourself! Help yourselves! ( .)
to pamper
circus
to be at one's ease, to feel at home, to make oneself at
home

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36

( ,
2 )

-, past simple
( 11).
( -, ,
3- ) (. 30).

PAST SIMPLE PASSIVE VOICE: WAS/WERE + V3

.
a) I was offered a job yesterday.
b) A job was offered to me yesterday.

.
My friends were shown on TV last week.

.
The doctor was sent for a few minutes ago.

, , to be.

?
a) Was I offered a job yesterday?
b) Was a job offered to me yesterday?

.
a) I wasnt offered a job yesterday.
b) A job wasnt offered to me yesterday.

?
Were your friends shown on TV last week?

.
My friends were not shown on TV last week.

?
Was the doctor sent for a few minutes ago?

.
The doctor wasnt sent for yesterday.

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: .
The letter was written yesterday.
Was the letter written yesterday?
The letter wasnt written yesterday.

1. ( ) .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

to know which side ones bread is buttered


, a land of milk and honey
in a big way
to grow wise
not for love or money
neither fish nor fowl
nothing to write home about; there is nothing special about it
in a word
to pay back in the save coin
the holy of holies

1. ,
. , , .
,
, , ,
, .
20- ?
2. ,
. .
? , .
3. . ,
. .
- , , , ,
, .
, ?
, , ,
, , , , ,
.
4. , , .
, .
, - ? ,
, . ,
.
5. . .
. , . ?

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- ?
. ,
. , . , -
. ,
. , , .

no doubt, surely
as I am always busy
to include (in)
an extract from the article
to turn off; to switch off the light
to tip
worthy
jewelry
a castle
being busy; pressure of work
stagnation
health
historical
ingredients
it usually takes me a lot of time
a lightning; a thunderbolt
to leave an imprint
( ) to be in (winter is in)
there is no need (for/to)
staff
circumstances
in a/one word; in short
barber's (shop), hairdresser's
a period
to allow (to), to permit (to)
to swear
honest
obedience
constant; permanent
ancestors; forefathers
to imagine, to picture, to fancy
an invitee
preparation
a part-time job
to destroy
to give birth (to),to bear
a salad
a wedding
to keep to a diet
to put up with
medieval
severity
a bill
a tip .,
a man; a person; a human being
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anniversary
I was born

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37

,

,

2- 3-

-,
past progressive ( 15).
, (. 30).
PAST PROGRESSIVE PASSIVE VOICE,
WAS \ WERE V-ing BE + V3.
:

PAST PROGRESSIVE PASSIVE VOICE:


WAS/WERE BEING + V3

to be.

, .
I was being examined by a doctor when my granny came into the room.

, ?
Was I being examined by a doctor when my granny came into the room?

,
I wasnt being examined by a doctor when my granny came into the room.

12 5.
Examination papers were being corrected from 12 till 5.

12 5?
Were examination papers being corrected from 12 till 5?

12 5
Examination papers were not being corrected from 12 till 5.

: 5 .
I was being given a medicine yesterday at 5.
Was I being given a medicine yesterday at 5?

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I wasnt being given a medicine yesterday at 5.

1. .
2. , .
3. .
4. , .
5. .
6. , .
7. , .
8. , .
9. , ,
.
10. , .

to be in the family way


to be in ones element
at any price; at all costs
to be led by the nose
to be left holding the bag
to be behind the times
, to teach somebody a lesson
to be bored stiff, to be bored to tears
to be tickled to death
the Brain Drain
the devil will pay

1. , , .
. , ,
.
2. , .
. , , ?
3. , ,
. 2 ,
. , .
, .
4. , ,
. ,
, .
, ? ,
, .
5. ! !
? ?
? , .
, , , .

pregnant
disorders
thanks to him; because of him
to chat nonstop
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to be ready
suddenly
disgusting!; disgraceful!; shocking!
harm
to thunder
thunder
long ago
to examine, to question
to have a look (at)
to follow smb.'s tastes
from day to day
1) () to try, to test; 2) () to experience, to feel
a study
a (camp)fire
smoking
a forester
at the meeting
to force panic
to reward (with); to decorate (with), to award
- to treat to somebody
the same
to found
to realize
to repeat; to review ()
to appear
the bell rang out
to light
to burst into tears, to burst out crying
manuscript
self-enamoured
an investigator
to lesson
nearly; almost

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38

-,
present perfect ( 16,17).
, (. 30).
BE + V3 HAVE + V3, :

PRESENT PERFECT PASSIVE VOICE: HAVE BEEN + V3

.
You have already been shown on TV.

.
You have just been fed.

.
The doctor has already been sent for.

.
The building has just been destroyed.

present perfect passive voice


have \ has .

?
Have you been shown on TV yet?

?
Have you been fed?

?
Has the doctor been sent for?

?
Has the building just been destroyed?

present perfect passive voice


have \ has not.

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I havent been shown on TV yet.

.
We havent been fed today.

.
The doctor hasnt been sent for yet.

.
The building hasnt been destroyed this week.

: .
I have just been asked.
Have I just been asked?
I havent just been asked.

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

to vent ones bad spirit on somebody


to get cold feet
- to feel strong about something
- to get fresh with somebody
- to keep on doing something
to get down to the facts
- to be religious about something
to move heaven and earth
to keep ones temper
to go through emotions
- to get religion about something

1. ! ! ,
- ,
. ,
. , ,
, , .
2. ,
. ,
. ,
, , .

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3. , ,

.
4.
.
. .
, !
5. . .
,
. : !
? ,
. .
, .

a damage (); a crash .; an accident ( )


defenseless, unprotected
meek, mild
in this field
an advantage, profit, gain (); an interest
to make fun (of)
to notice
to forbid, to prohibit,
a healthy way of life
to have a direct bearing on, to be directly relevant to
skilfully
a competition
recently, not long ago; lately
in spite of, despite
the newest; the latest (); modern, up-to-date
equipment
to publish
to pity; to feel sorry (for)
my congratulations!
buyers, purchasers; customers
the injured
to lose sight (of)
( ) to cause a sensation
pronunciation
a passer-by
information
strongly; violently, heavily, greatly; badly
to go crazy (with)
a co-worker; a colleague; a fellow-teacher; a fellow-clerk
a creature, a being
to play a spiteful/malicious/mean joke on somebody
thesis
a tornado

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39

-, past perfect ( 18).


, (. 30).
HAD + V3 BE + V3, :

PAST PERFECT PASSIVE VOICE: HAD BEEN + V3

.
This work had been done by the beginning of the school-year.

, .
The work had been done before it started raining.

, .
I had been shown on TV before electricity was cut off.

had
:

?
Had the work been done by the beginning of the school-year?

, ?
Had the work been done before it started raining?

, ?
Had I been shown on TV before electricity was cut off?

not
had:

.
The work hadnt been done by the beginning of the school-year.

, .
The work hadnt been done before it started raining.

, , .
Im afraid, I hadnt been shown on TV before it started raining.

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: , .
The film had been shown before mummy came home.
Had the film been shown before mummy came home?
The film hadnt been shown before mummy came home.

1. , .
2. .
3. ,
.
4. .
5. , .
6. , .
7. , , .
8. , .
9. .
10. , .

to keep to oneself
to take a turn for the better
to take a turn for the worse
- to tend to
to take offence, to take in bad part
to play up to somebody
; to keep up with the Jones
judging by
- to keep up with
. No offence intended.

1. .
. ,
, , ,
.
2. . , ,
. , , , ,
. , , .
3. , .
, . ,
, .

charity, to find out


philanthropy a robber;
the rich; the wealthy a burglar ()
martial arts () to give (to get)
a tramp in the neck
important -. to take
armed to the smb. into one's confidence, to let smb.
teeth into one's secrets
to rush in(to); burst (into) food
it turned out classes
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to earn 1) ( -.) ()
a king to try, 2) (-.) to taste
stealing to wake
the way of behaving a dawn
the place of to solve a problem
residence to threaten (with)
it is not enough to abase
to offend math teacher
a step a spy

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40

- ,

-, past perfect progressive ( 21).


, (. 30).
perfect
progressive perfect.
past perfect passive voice (
).

, .
This picture had been restored for several years before it was shown to the
audience.

,
.
The case had been brought before the court for a few days before a final
judgement was delivered.

,
?
How long had the case been brought before the court before a final judgement
was delivered?

, ?
How long had this picture been restored before it was shown to the audience?

: , .
I had been asked for a few minutes before our principal entered the classroom.
Had I been asked for a few minutes before our principal entered the classroom?
I hadnt been asked for a few minutes before our principal entered the classroom.

1. -
.
2. , .
3. ,
.
4. , ,
.
5.
.

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6. 2 ,
.
7. 3 , .
8. ,
.
9. 2- , .
10. 20 , .

to be out of shape; to be out of condition


to be out of ones mind
to be out of service
( ) to jump at the chance
out-of-pocket expenses
- - to have something on ones brain
, out of sight, out of mind
( ) to work ones way up
rain or shine
just one of those things

1. .
, . , .
, ,
.
2. .
?
. , ,
, , .
. -, ,
.
3. . , -, . ,
, : , .
5 , .
, , .
?!

guilty to pity; to feel sorry (for)


! Attention!; look out!, mind! life
delight from province
lovely or
admiration, delight picture; painting
to carry out, beauty
to fulfil, to realize to criticize;
to exhibit to find fault (with)
key role, leading role, married couple
title role museum
voice to watch
(.) case innocent
other, another, different well

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accusation, charge to advertise


to criminate to restore
about, approximately a part, a role
to dare a sanatorium,
to charm, to fascinate a health centre
a parachute original
talks perpetration
summit 1) ( -.) to pity (smb.), to
talks be sorry (for smb.) 2) (
to suspect (of) -.) to regret (smth.)
to prefer () to exile, to banish
- press conference 1) a century
production, output, 2) () a
produce centenary
to a court
make/create an impression (on, upon) to worry, to be
a jump anxious/uneasy/worried (about)
audience; public to train
to disappoint to astonish, to surprise,
expenses amount to amaze
to, come to a master; a boss

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41

( 5
, )


-, future simple ( 22).


, (. 30).
, :

FUTURE SIMPLE PASSIVE VOICE: WILL BE + V3

.
I will be asked tomorrow.

.
You will be called on in 2 weeks.

.
This film will be shown next week.

future simple passive voice


will :

?
Will I be asked tomorrow?

2 ?
Will you be called on in 2 weeks?

?
Will this film be shown next week?

not
will:

.
I wont be asked tomorrow.

2 .
You wont be called on in 2 weeks.

.
This film wont be shown next week.

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: 5 .
I will be asked in 5 minutes.
Will I be asked in 5 minutes?
I wont be asked in 5 minutes.

1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. .

- to have nothing to do with


to have nothing in common
to feel free
to see no objection to
to follow suit
to follow ones heart
an example to follow
- to see somebody home
, to see somebody off
() to feel like a million dollars
to feel fit
to feel like a new person

1. , .
, .
, . , , ,
, . ,
, .
2. , . ,
, .
, , ,
, .
? , .
3. . . ,
. , . ,
.
, , , .
: . 2 .
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sickness, illness; a disease a politician


majority; most (of) after
a post, a position, a job a pretender (to)
to forget () to admit (to),
known accept (for)
to (have) object(ion; to), to examine, to check (up),
to mind to control
, the medicine to advise
that you need to cooperate (with)
for sure, certainly to compare (with)
to feed to feel/be shy/self-
from rumors conscious/embarrassed
to go to the doctor a flute

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42

5

,

-, future perfect ( 26).


, (. 30).
(BE + V3) (WILL HAVE + V3), :

FUTURE PERFECT PASSIVE VOICE: WILL HAVE BEEN + V3

, .
I will have been shown on TV before you go out.

.
My book will have been published by the end of October.

.
The marks will have been announced to you before dark.

future perfect passive voice will


:

, ?
Will I have been shown on TV before I go out?

?
Will my book have been published by the end of October?

?
Will the marks have been announced to you before dark?

future perfect passive voice


not will:

, .
I wont have been shown on TV before you go out.

.
My book wont have been published by the end of October.

.
The marks wont have been announced to you before dark.

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: .
I will have been woken up by the beginning of the film.
Will I have been woken up by the beginning of the film?
I wont have been woken up by the beginning of the film.

1. .
2. , .
3. , .
4. .
5. 2010 .
6. .
7. .
8. .
9. ,
.
10. , .

to fool about; to mess about; to screw around


, to be out of the run
to screw up
- ( ) to pick someone up
to go with a run
- I feel like doing something
to outline
, if it works for you, it works for me
run of luck
to fit the situation

1. - . .
, . , .
, . ,
, .
. , .
2. ,
, .
, , .
, .
3. . ,
. , ,
, , . , , ,
.

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white
invigorative
to be in the seventh heaven, to be on cloud nine
otherwise
wine
carefully
the conclusion of government commission
to turn out, to drive out
profitable suggestion
to retire on a pension, to be pensioned off
Georgian
an action
- to pick up
to end, to be over, to come to the end, to close
a cry
to become wild, mad
to interrupt, to break
to rise pay, salary
completely; fully
to reconcile (with), to make up with
to lose a taste for life
the news
indifferently
results
fish
to have time to do something
- to be in time for

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43

2- ,

-, future perfect progressive ( 28).


, (. 30).
perfect progressive
perfect, future perfect passive
voice ( ).

: 2- , .
The writers letters will have been arranged for 2 years before they are published.
Will the writers letters have been arranged for 2 years before they are published?
The writers letters wont have been arranged for 2 years before they are published.

1. , .
2. , .
3. , .
4. ,
.
5. 3 ,
.
6. ,
.
7. ,
.
8. 3 4 , .
9. ,
.
10. , .

to run a house
to begin with
- (, ) to go in for sport (music)
to be handy with something
to seek fortune
for the better
leaves much to be desired
in turn

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it goes without saying


to have quiet dry humor

1. , , , ,
, .
, . ,
?
2. . ,
.
?
3. ,
. ,
.
, , , ,
.
4. : ,
. ,
. ?
, . -, ,
- .
5. . .
, . , ,
? , ,
. ?
, .

single-handed to come across,


not far from to run across
to be located, to learn
to be situated, to distrust
be ( ) one should not
in the very heat its very unpleasant
a carriage a beggar
to return; to come back; New Year's
to get back, to be normally
back to find out
to restore passenger
documents, papers traffic
a fir(-tree) huge; enormous,
an inhabitant, a resident; tremendous
. people, population at the same time,
in a short space of at one time
time holiday-makers
to take away to rename,
an idiot, a stupid one to give a new
to publish name
a month to rebuild
peace a writer, an author, a penman
in the South a film
to remind about pedestrian subway

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to raise one's hand a terrorist


to invite to table to wonder
the code of conduct comfortable
festive, festal; holiday to decorate
to get used to; () to leave
to be used to to take
to obtain, to get course in English
to keep
extraordinary/emergency measures a church
to look down on ( ) it suits
somebody me
to make
soap operas

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44

,

,

2- 3-

-, future progressive. (. 27).


, (. 30).
future progressive
. , future
progressive, future simple
( 22).

5.
You will be taken a photo tomorrow at 5.

, .
You will be taken a photo when I enter the room.

, .
You will be taken a photo while I am drinking coffee.

2- 3-.
You will be taken a photo from 2 till 3.

: 2 5.
I will be shown on TV tomorrow from 2 till 5.
Will I be shown on TV tomorrow from 2 till 5?
I wont be shown on TV tomorrow from 2 till 5.

1. 5.
2. , .
3. , .
4. 8 9.
5. ,
5- .
6. 8 11 .
7. , , 11.
8. , .

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9. , .
10. 12.

to be astonished
- to bee deeply attached to somebody
to laze in the sun
for a change
there is hardly a country in the world
there is nothing like
to answer a phone call
change of scene
to be an early riser
no matter what kind of hobby a person has

1. . ,
. ,
, .
? , , .
, ,
.
2. , . -
? ,
. , ,
. .
3. , .
? . ,
, .
4. . .
? ?
, . , ,
, . ,
? , .
. ?
5.
5. . ,
. , .
? , ?
? ,
. , .
, .

jogging to demonstrate
to idle; to do nothing a magazine; a journal
(-) to be a fan (of); a round
to support to act on the scene
to be amazed just; exactly, in particular
great () an amateur
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amateur a child; an infant; a baby;


to apply to a kid .
the rest at sea feature
swimming a contributor
over the town arguable
underwater an article
to dedicate to; to devote to poem(s)
after finishing a line
to celebrate to exist
to take part (in), simply, just...
to tourist agency
participate (in) to respect,
to look through, to have respect (for)
to run through to be keen (on smth.);
newspapers to take a fancy (to
a five-year smb.)
anniversary to leave for work
to deliver morning newspaper
to spread wonderful, marvellous
refined ( ) a gutter-
audience child

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1.
1. He often plays the fool.
2. Does he often play the fool in the evenings?
3. How often does he lose temper?
4. He never loses temper.
5. He usually gets out of bed on the wrong side and often loses temper on Mondays.
6. Why do you always see daylight?
7. He never works hard and usually plays the fool at work.
8. My husband hardly ever loses temper.
9. I get out of bed on the wrong side very often.
10. When do you usually lose temper?
11. Do you usually sleep for a long time? \ Do you usually sleep long?
12. I wake up at 7 oclock every day.
13. What time do you usually get up?
14. They never wash themselves.
15. He takes a shower every day.
16. I always have a bath in the evening.
17. Sometimes we make breakfast on Sundays.
18. When do they have breakfast?
19. She seldom has dinner and never has supper.
20. Sometimes I have dinner at work, but not very often.
21. She always washes the dishes after breakfast.
22. Why do you never wash the dishes after dinner?
23. She cleans her room every Saturday. \ Every Saturday she cleans her room.
24. Do you always play the fool at work?
25. They never wash the dishes in the evenings, because they have supper at the restaurant fairly \ quite
often.

2.
1. He is never cold in the mornings, because he always goes to work on foot.
2. We are usually very busy on weekdays as we go to work.
3. Why is he always so sad on Sundays? He isnt sad, he is just bored.
4. Do you often vacuum? No, I dont. I do it very seldom; I work every day, I am too busy at work
and I am too tired, hungry and wicked in the evenings.
5. Are you pleased with me? No, I am not pleased with you: you are too silly and self-assured.
6. Why do you wash and iron so seldom? Because its bored.
7. He is always happy when he plays the fool.
8. She is very excited, because she doesnt see daylight.
9. He is too self-assured and rather silly, thats why he often loses temper.
10. She is very busy in the morning: she always takes a shower, makes the bed, makes breakfast, has
breakfast, washes the dishes, cleans the room, does her hair, beautifies herself, gets dressed, gets
changed and then she goes to work. She usually goes to work by bus, but sometimes she takes a taxi.

3.
1. She is a hard nut to crack.
2. Is he a big shot? No, he isnt. He is a student.
3. Are you an interpreter? Yes, I am. And what about you?
4. He is a lawyer; he is always very busy both on weekdays and on his free days; generally speaking, he
is a big shot and a man of his word as well.
5. Unfortunately, he is an absolute nothing. / He is an absolute nothing, Im afraid.

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6. Are you free in the evenings? Yes, Im. You know I am a student.
7. She is the life and soul of the party: she never loses temper, always sees daylight and plays the fool
quite often; although she is a teacher/ she is a teacher though.
8. How often do you make dinner? Never! My sister usually does it. You know I am a big shot and
she is an absolute nothing! Its just a joke, of course.
9. We are pensioners. We go to the cinema rather seldom, but we often watch TV in the evening.
10. What are you? Frankly speaking, I am not a big shot, I am an ordinary nurse, but take my word for
it I am an expert at my job.

4.
1. He is always busy: he is an outstanding teacher and an excellent hard-worker.
2. Is he a sociable person? Yes, he is very sociable. But unfortunately he is a failure, although he
always works hard / he always works hard though.
3. You are a terrible bore, because you never play the fool.
4. He is a terrible newsmonger, an awful panic-monger and a horrible lickspittle. On the whole he is a
nasty personality, thats why I hardly ever mix with him at work.
5. Are they stay-at-homes? Yes, they are terrible ones: they never go out anywhere.
6. Frankly speaking, I am not a man of courage at all. What about you?
7. She is reserved and sad. And on the whole she is a pessimist.
8. He is an outstanding personality! Such a clear head! Such a dreamer!
9. Pensioners are seldom dreamers.
10. He never works hard at work; he is an ordinary idler and a bore as well. On the whole he is an
absolute nothing.

5.
1. Do your children often smile?
2. My grandpa is a terrible panic-monger: he never smiles and talks over his problems rather seldom.
3. His dad is so great! He always smiles and he is never angry with me.
4. Is your husband a scientist? Yes, he is, thats why he is at home so seldom: you know he works
both on Saturdays and on Sundays.
5. Frankly speaking, your son isnt a blockhead, he is just a real idler, although, to tell the truth he is
bad at math.
6. He is late so often, so he almost always goes to work by taxi. True! It is in his way!
7. Are you good at languages? I think so. You see, I speak both English and Russian quite fluently. I
am a journalist and generally speaking I am a sociable person.
8. Her cousin is a stay-at-home. She seldom goes even to see her relatives.
9. Your children always giggle at me, so its naturally, that I lose temper, especially in the evenings
when I am tired after a hard working day.
10. My husband and I always quarrel and then make it up...Thats our life!

6.
1. Frankly speaking, she is a fascinating woman and a hard-worker as well. By the way, she can cook
and, to my mind, she cooks every day.
2. My dad is an outstanding personality: he is a great optimist and always hopes for the Best.
3. Can you drive a car? No, I cant, but my husband can.
4. Your brother is a real charmer! Ive got a feeling, that he never fights and cant use strong/bad
language at all!
5. His mother is a terrible niggard! I cant stand it!
6. Their son is an unlucky fellow. He always tries to do his Best, but he never succeeds in life, because
he cant persist in his opinion.
7. Your daughter can neither wash nor cook! She is a worthless housekeeper! And I cant stand it!
8. Can this nasty bore laugh? Just imagine, but she can!
9. Your aunt never tidies. May be she cant do it.
10. My husband is a sociable person. He can make friends.

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7.
1. Do you often have headaches?
2. Why do you always eat running out of doors and never have dinner at home?
3. He always has a lot of good pupils: he has a nose for talented kids.
4. He is such a dear! But he always has his head in the clouds, so / thats why he has problems with his
relatives.
5. Do you know a thing or two of modern art? Honestly speaking, I know very little.
6. Does she have a good ear for music? - In my opinion/to my mind/ it seems to me she has a very
good ear for music, but unfortunately she isnt interested in music at all.
7. He usually has a walk with his dog in the evenings.
8. It seems to me, that our president has his heart in the right place, but the situation in our country
often gets worse after his decrees.
9. Has he got a car? No, he hasnt got a car, but he has a wonderful bike.
10. Just imagine! He has a cheek to use bad language at my lessons!

8.
A
1. I dont usually drink coffee, but Im drinking it at the moment.
2. I dont usually eat ice cream, but Im eating it now.
3. I dont usually read cheap novels, but Im reading at the moment.
4. I dont usually quarrel with my parents, but Im quarrelling now.
5. I dont usually have dinner at home, but Im having dinner at home at the moment.
6. I dont usually read in the evenings, but Im reading now.
7. He doesnt usually watch horror-films, but he is sitting and watching it with great pleasure at the
moment.
8. He never cribs at the lessons, for some reason but he is cribbing at the moment.
9. We always enjoy Parfenovs programmes, but we are working at the moment and, unfortunately,
arent watching his regular masterpiece.
10. For some reason he is smoking at the moment, but frankly speaking, he doesnt smoke at all.
11. Im reading a terrible novel now although I dont usually read cheap novels.
12. We are eating ice-cream at the moment, we dont usually eat ice-cream in such cold weather though.
13. Why are you looking at her with such hatred? You always treat your subordinates kindly enough,
dont you?
14. She is working at the moment, but to tell the truth it doesnt happen very often.
15. Are you working now? No, we arent. We seldom work after dinner.

B
1. Are you busy now?
2. Are you having dinner now?
3. Have you got money? / Have you got any money?
4. Can you see anything at the moment? / Do you see anything at the moment?
5. Do you want something?
6. Are you working at the moment?
7. Do you doubt at the moment?
8. What are you doing now?
9. What are you smelling? / What are you smelling now?
10. What are you reading at the moment?
11. What do you hear now?
12. I am not working; Im having dinner at the moment.
13. I dont understand you. What do you mean?
14. It smells bad, I cant be here.
15. I usually go to work by car, but its warm now, there is a wonderful smell of spring in the air, so I am
walking, talking rubbish with you/ chatting about small matters with you.
16. Do you want to taste this juice? Look! Your brother is tasting and it seems to me/to my mind/in my
opinion he is enjoying it!

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17. Im phoning you from the hotel. I have a wonderful room and Im having a very good time: Im
admiring sunset, smelling the flowers and waiting for you!
18. Are you having dinner now?
19. Why are you being so silly?
20. Your offer sounds delicious.

9.
1. Girl! Come here! Help me! Im feeling bad.
2. I am not watching TV. Turn it off, please.
3. Dont come up to the door! Somebody is standing there! I hear some sounds!
4. What are you doing? Why are you making so much noise? Turn off your tape-recorder immediately/
at once!
5. Dont drink tap water! It is tasteless.
6. What is he doing there? Call him at once!
7. Children! Stop screaming! My head is splitting!
8. Stop call names! You are misbehaving! Thats the limit!
9. Dont listen to her! She is always talking rubbish!
10. Stop moaning! You dont usually do like this, do you? Whats going on?
11. Translate all the sentences into English quickly and dont do silly mistakes while translating.
12. Look at me! Say cheese! Turn! Tidy your hair! Dont bend! Draw yourself up! Do you hear me?
Thats right! Good for you! You are looking fine now! But to tell the truth you usually look like a
shabby chicken.
13. Stop quarrelling! Stop making a row in the presence of the strangers!
14. Calm down! There is nothing to worry about! Pull yourself together! You always can see daylight,
cant you?
15. I dont know whats going on! Dont phone me! I dont want to see you!
16. Dont bother me! Im working!
17. Leave her alone! Stop sticking to her!! Dont bother her! She is working on her dissertation, you see!
18. Stop making these terrible sounds! Im trying to concentrate but you are always distracting me!
19. You are always making me angry! I cant live like this any more!
20. Why are you always looking at me like this? Stop it! I dont like it!

10.
1. I often dance. I am dancing now. I have been dancing since morning.
2. Do I often dance? Am I dancing now? Have I been dancing since morning?
3. I dont watch TV. I am not watching TV at the moment. I have not been watching TV since
childhood.
4. I usually watch cartoons on Sundays. Im watching cartoons with my children now. I have been
watching cartoons for two hours.
5. What do you usually drink? What are you drinking now? What have you been drinking since
morning?
6. Where do you have dinner every day? Where are you having dinner now? Why have you been
having dinner for two hours?
7. Where do you work? Where are you working now? How long have you been working here?
8. He seldom plays alone. He is playing alone at the moment. He has been playing alone for 3 hours.
9. Why do you often look at me? Why are you looking at me so lightly? Why have you been looking at
me without rest for several minutes?
10. Do you often write letters to your relatives? Are you writing a letter to your mum mow? Have you
been writing letters since morning?
11. My talkative neighbour speaks on the phone too often. Is your husband speaking on the phone now?
Why has this chatterbox been hanging on the phone at least for an hour?
12. How long have you been waiting for me?
13. How long has it been raining?
14. How long have you been working here?
15. How long has he been smoking?

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11.
1. I eat every day. I am eating now. I have been eating since morning. I ate yesterday.
2. Do you eat every day? Are you eating now? Have you been eating since 12 oclock? Did you eat
yesterday?
3. She often drinks coffee. Is she drinking coffee now? She has been drinking coffee for a few years.
She drank coffee 2 hours ago.
4. My mum cooks well. My mum is making dinner at the moment. My mum has been making dinner
since she came from work. My mum didnt make dinner yesterday.
5. They dont usually have dinner together. They arent having dinner now. They havent been having
dinner together for the whole year. They didnt have dinner yesterday.
6. What do you usually do in the evenings? What are you doing now? What have you been doing for a
good hour? What did you do yesterday?
7. He never reads. Is he reading now? He has been reading since morning. Did he read anything
yesterday?
8. Why are you always looking at me like this? Why arent you looking at me now? How long have you
been looking at me? Dont look at me! He looked at me so coldly yesterday. Stop looking at me! I
cant look at people so lordly as she can.
9. Where did you see this film? Dont bother me; Im watching my favourite soap opera! Fancy that,
she has been watching this soap opera for 5 years! We dont usually watch TV on weekdays. Stop
watching this rubbish! Did you watch soap operas in childhood?
10. Do you ever sleep? She has been sleeping just for a few minutes, please, dont wake her up! Are you
sleeping? I didnt sleep last night, it was terrible. Dont sleep! We are in a great hurry!

12.
1. She would bring flowers from the country. Yesterday she brought flowers from the country.
2. We would call names at the lessons. Why do children call names so often? My children never call
names.
3. I never shout at my children. Do you shout at your children? Stop shouting at the children! Why did
you shout at your children yesterday? You are always shouting at your children! She would shout at
her children. Dont shout at the children!
4. Why are you always snapping? Ill-mannered children always snap at the lessons. Hooligans would
snap at the lessons.
5. She would sing something in a thin voice. Did you sing in childhood? Do you often sing? Stop
singing! Just imagine! She has been singing since morning! I am not singing, Im just sitting and
looking through the window.
6. She would treat us in the evenings. Did they treat you yesterday? You never treat us.
7. Why are you always showing off? He would show off at the lessons in childhood. In my opinion, he
has been showing off since childhood.
8. Can you bring up children? Nobody can bring up children, as it should be. Stop bringing me up at
last / after all!
9. She would sob of offence. Do you often cry? You know, sometimes I cry on nothing. She has been
crying for 2 hours. I cant believe, that she has been crying since morning.
10. What are you looking for? How long have you been looking for him? Did you look for him
yesterday? We would look for him for hours. I never look for my glasses.

13.
1. Are there many English books in your library?
2. There used to be a lot of English books in my library.
3. Is there a cinema in your street? Yes, there is. But it used to be a theatre.
4. There is a little cloud in the sky.
5. There used to be a sofa in the kitchen.
6. There are 2 beds in the room.
7. There used to be a large number of people outdoors in the evenings.
8. He used to be a teacher and now he is a manager at the supermarket.
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9. We used to go fishing when I was a child.


10. Did you use to go hiking when you lived in England?

14.
1. I show off every day. Im showing off now. I have been showing off since morning. I showed off
yesterday. I used to show off. I would show off in childhood. I could show off when mum was out.
Yesterday I managed to show off at the lesson.
2. You usually lose your handkerchiefs. You are losing temper. You have been loosing your
handkerchiefs since childhood. You lost your handkerchief yesterday. You used to lose your
handkerchiefs. You would lose your handkerchiefs at school. You could lose everything when you
lived with your granny and she never punished you. You were able to lose my favourite
handkerchief!
3. On the whole, she gets on with people. She is getting on with her husband at the moment. She has
been getting on with adults since her birth. She got on with her mother-in-low last summer. She used
to get on with her mother-in-low. She would get on with everyone in our school. She could get on
with everybody when she was in a good mood. Yesterday she managed to get on with a gang of
hooligans.

15.
1. I always sail against the wind. Im sailing against the wind at the moment. I have been sailing against
the wind since birth. I sailed against the wind in youth. I would sail against the wind in youth. I used
to sail against the wind, but things are different now. I was sailing against the wind while all people
of my age were moving in a rut. I was sailing against the wind when suddenly I felt terribly tired.
2. You seldom write letters to your relatives. You are writing a letter I can see. You have been writing
a letter for 2 hours. You were writing a letter when I came to see you. You used to write letters very
often, but now you are very busy at work. You wrote a letter to me yesterday. You were writing
letters from 2 till 5 yesterday. You always wrote to me about your problems.
3. He usually plays the fool at the lessons. He is playing the fool at work now. He has been playing the
fool from birth. He often played the fool in youth. He would play the fool in the country. He used
to play the fool when he was a guest. He was playing the fool when we first saw him.

17.
1. Yesterday I ate an apple. I have eaten an apple today. When I was eating an apple yesterday, I felt
dizzy.
2. You read his letter last week. You have just read his letter. Have you read his letter yet? Have you
already read his letter?
3. He has never looked at me. He never looked at me in childhood. He wasnt looking at me while I
was blowing him kisses.
4. She wasnt there yesterday. She hasnt been there these days. She hasnt been there since childhood.
She wasnt there when I got in/ came in. She hasnt been there for ages.
5. Have you ever quarrelled with your parents? Did you ever quarrel with your parents in childhood?
6. I learn good poems by heart with great pleasure. Ive just learnt by heart a marvellous poem. Stop
learning by heart all sorts of rubbish! When I was learning this poem by heart, the door opened and
my mum entered the room.
7. Weve been in low water since New Years Day. We would be in low water in youth, but never
suffered from it.
8. Fancy that! The boy has been out of hand!
9. Dont listen to reason. Its boring!
10. She has had a screw loose! She has quarrelled with all her acquaintances/friends!

18.
1. I know all. I have known him for ages. I know, that you are looking at me now. I knew him in
childhood. I had known him before he came in our class.

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2. We are close friends. We have been friends since childhood. We had been friends before we began to
work in the same school. We were friends last year. We used to be friends.
3. To my mind, she is married. She has been married for 2 years. She was married, but she is divorced
at the moment.
4. I have put on a lot of weight and I am on a diet now. I had put on weight before I got married. I put
on weight last year. I put on weight, and then I went on a diet and grew thin.
5. She is in love with him. She has been in love with him since childhood. She had been in love with
him before they became acquainted personally.
6. My grandpa has never travelled by air. My grandpa was very nervous during the flight, because he
had never travelled by air before.
7. I met her a few days ago. She had just come back from Prague. She is at home. Go to see her, she has
just come back from Prague.
8. She isnt hungry, because she has just had breakfast. In general, she hardly ever has breakfast. She
used to have breakfast when she was at school, but now she doesnt have time for breakfast.
9. When we arrived at the cinema, the film had already begun. The film began after we had arrived at
the cinema. We arrived at the cinema, took our seats, and the film began.
10. I had been at home by 5 oclock. I was at home when the phone rang. I was at home while my friends
were getting ready for the exams. I didnt use to be at home very often, but I have turned into a real
stay-at home: I am always at home in the evenings.

19.
A.
1. Hardly had I seen her when I fell in love.
2. Scarcely had I seen her when I was overhead and ears in love.
3. No sooner had I seen her then I was overhead and ears in love.
4. Hardly had you touched the pillow when you fell asleep immediately.
5. Scarcely had you touched the pillow when you dropped off to sleep
6. No sooner had you touched the pillow then you began to snore.
7. Hardly had he recovered from cold when he caught another infection.
8. No sooner had he recovered from cold then he began to ache again.
9. No sooner had they got married then they began to abuse by nothing.
10. Scarcely had they left Moscow when they felt themselves quieter.

B.
Hardly had I seen her when I lost the gift of speech. She was so beautiful! Perhaps, she was the most
beautiful girl that I had ever seen .It was rumoured that she had lived in Paris before she moved to our
town. When I saw her for the first time, she was looking out of the window and singing a funny song. I
was in a great hurry, so I didnt manage to take an all-round view. But in spite of this, scarcely had I seen
her when I was overhead and ears in love. It cant be helped. The next day I proposed to her. Strangely
enough, but she agreed immediately. We have been married for 20 years and havent quarrelled so far.
You can envy, cant you?

20.
A
1. I am so exhausted because I have been going shopping.
2. You are such a slowcoach because you have been watching TV.
3. Why is she so wet? Because she has been running in the rain.
4. What has he been doing? Why is he so irritated?
5. They are so pleased because they have been playing football.

B
1. I often invite my friends to our school parties. Ive just invited her to our school party. Look what
happened! When I was inviting her to our school party, her nasty friend came in and spoiled
everything.

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2. You look so stupid with this hair cut. You looked so stupid yesterday. You have been looking
stupidly since birth.
3. We are in the same boat: we both shout at each other while quarrelling. Why are you so irritated?
Because I have been shouting at my brainless subordinates. Why are you so upset? Because I
havent controlled myself/I have lost temper and have shouted at my wife in spite of the fact that she
is in the family way.
4. Did you phone your dad yesterday? Have you phoned your dad? When did you phone your dad?
Were you phoning him from 3 till 4? Had you phoned him before you learnt /got to know the news?
I am so pleased because I have phoned my dad. I am so upset because I have been speaking to my
dad.
5. Just imagine/fancy that! Our neighbour has had a screw loose! He has gone down in history! He has
thrown a bad egg at the minister!

21.
1. I had been explaining this rule to you for half a lesson before I gave you a test. I have already
explained this rule to you. I had explained the rule before I gave a test. While I was explaining the
rule, you were talking to each other.
2. You apologize to me every day. You apologized to me yesterday. You have apologized to me today.
While you were apologizing to me, I felt pity. You used to apologize to me. You had been
apologizing to me for a log time but I didnt forgive/ excuse you for all that.
3. He always took care of his kin. He has taken care of everybody. He had taken care of his sister before
she got married to the right person. He was taking care of me while you were playing the fool
through inexperience.

22.
1. I dont approve of his behaviour. I didnt approve of his yesterdays behaviour. I hadnt approved
of his behaviour before he explained the motive. I used to approve of his behaviour but I dont like it
any more. Ill never approve of your option/choice.
2. All of us depend on our government. We always depended on them. We depended on them last year.
Well depend on them next year. We used to depend on communists but things are different now.
3. She has never dreamt of being a filmstar. She dreamt of being a filmstar in childhood. She used to
dream of being a filmstar. She often dreams of being rich and healthy. She would dream of being a
top-model. After a while she will begin to dream of being a top-model.

23.
1. I like to go sightseeing in old towns. Yesterday when I was going sightseeing, I met my old friends. I
usually go sightseeing on Saturdays. Well, tomorrow we are going sightseeing and the day after
tomorrow we are becoming brown on the beach. Well see the sights of age-old Russian town
Novgorod during our summer hike/walking tour. He is so thick-skinned! Once in a blue moon we see
the sights of such a marvelous town but he doesnt care! As a last resort, Ill go sightseeing
tomorrow after dinner. Children would feel exhausted after we had gone sightseeing during our
summer walking tours.
2. I usually get up early. He has just got up. He got up 2 minutes ago. I had got up before I heard a
noise. When are you getting up tomorrow? Will you get up in the end? Watch out, to my mind, she
is getting up. Ive never got up early. I never get up early. Ill never get up early. When I was getting
up, I felt dizzy.
3. Why do you always run away from me? Why are you running away from me? Why did you run away
from me yesterday? Why were you running away from me while I was running after you at a top
speed? Why did you use to run away from me? Why didnt you run away from me in childhood?
Why have you never run away from me? Why do you never run away from me?

24.
1. My husband never goes into details when he tells about his scientific work. I am not about to go into
details of our private life, at any rate, for the time present.

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2. He has already taken a decision. He is going to take a decision. Hell take a decision tomorrow. He
had taken a decision before he met the lawyer. He managed/was able to take the decision worthy of
Solomon.
3. She dressed her daughter in red for carnival. My mummy always dresses me tastefully. She is going
to dress her like a doll. My parents used to dress me. Ill dress her in a couple of minutes. Ill put it
on in a couple of minutes.

25.
1. Ill write a letter if I have time.
2. You'll phone me when you come back home from work.
3. She will give me her address when she finds the right flat.
4. Well come to see you when we are in London.
5. I wont give you a treat you if you are late.
6. Well get wet if we go out.
7. She wont talk to you until you apologize to her.
8. Ill go straight home after I have done all the purchases/buying.
9. Ill have a rest while my parents are out.
10. Well write down the title of the book in case we forget it.
11. Ill draw the plan of the town in case it is lost.
12. He wont be able to understand you if you dont speak distinctly and slowly.
13. Im going to find another job if the company doesnt offer me a bigger salary.
14. I wont go to the party if you go there.
15. He will do his homework as soon as he comes back home.
16. You can borrow the money providing that you give it back as soon as it is possible.
17. She will read every day providing that you give her the right books.
18. You wont get in unless you are a member of the club.
19. Ill buy you a present if you are a clear head.
20. Well go to sea when the weather is warmer.

26.
1. For a change I from time to time think before I take a decision to do something.
2. Dont think about this crying shame.
3. Ill have thought twice before I get this crazy idea out of my mind.
4. I used to think about it as a child.
5. Dont bother me, Im thinking.
6. I think, you should get this crazy idea out of your mind.
7. With all my heart I advise you to think about it.
8. Think about it at your convenience.
9. Ive been thinking about this since morning and Ive thought out nothing so far.
10. Ive never thought about it.
11. I never think about it.
12. Ill never think about it when I grow up.
13. Ive just thought about you.
14. I was thinking about you when you phoned me.
15. I used to think about you very often.
16. Have you ever thought about such great success?
17. We would think together about the future of the mankind.
18. Ill think about it when it stops raining.
19. I had been thinking about it for many years before I began to realize my idea.
20. Im thinking about you all days long.
21. Nobody has ever thought about it.
22. Did you think about it yesterday?
23. Have you thought about it?
24. When will you think about it?
25. Are you going to think about your career?

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26. Any man of worth from time to time thinks about his future.
27. Will you have thought over my proposal before I phone you?
28. He is a man of his word, I know it from experience, and he always thinks before he makes promises
providing that he knows all the details of the matter.
29. Have you thought twice yet?
30. Have you already thought over my proposal?

27.
1. Year in, year out unlucky people apply for a job to their more successful friends.
2. You'll be sick to death if you apply for a job to the employment bureau.
3. In short, youll apply for a job when pigs fly.
4. When I applied for a job to him last year, he was overhead and ears in his business.
5. What is eating him? When this time yesterday I was applying for a job to him, he looked so furious
but absolutely exhausted.
6. Have you applied for a job to anybody yet?
7. I know it at first hand that if you dont apply to him for a job he will never offer it to you himself.
8. When my ship comes home, I wont apply for a job to my friends at least twice a year.
9. Please, hold me by the hand while Im applying for a job to my ex-husband tomorrow.
10. If he doesnt apply for a job, hell follow his nose ever before sunset.
11. Ive never applied for a job to my kin.
12. I used to apply for a job to him but Ive missed the bus: he has lost everything himself.
13. Until you apply for a job, I wont lend you money.
14. He applied for a job to me but I pretended to be ill.
15. After he had applied for a job to my dad, we dropped an acquaintance.

28.
1. In short, when I meet you for the second time, Ill have been cycling for 2 hours.
2. He has been cycling since childhood.
3. My daughter was very tired when she met you, because she had been cycling for 2 hours.
4. Dont hope against hope! Hell never be able to cycle!
5. One of these days Ill cycle to the country.
6. By trial and error we came to the conclusion that he had never cycled before.
7. Ive already made up my mind: Im cycling to school tomorrow it doesnt come easy to me though.
8. Ill have been cycling until my ship comes home.
9. He used to cycle to work but, to my mind, now he will cycle only when pigs fly.
10. She was going out of her way while she was cycling/while cycling, because by all means she wanted
to demonstrate to everyone that she wasnt born yesterday.

29.
1.
1. He said he had been ill the day before.
2. He said it was hot there.
3. He said he didnt know what to say.
4. He said he was working very hard then.
5. He said he had been waiting for me since morning.
6. He said the dog had stolen meat.
7. He said he had done it the previous week.
8. He said he would do it better.
9. I invited him to go fishing at 6 o'clock in the morning but he said he would be sleeping that time.
10. He said he thought it would have stopped raining by the next morning.
11. She said that she would have been doing this work for 2 hours before I came.
12. He said you were running across the road when he saw you.
13. He said Einstein was born in 1779, but he made a mistake: Einstein was born in 1879.
14. Fancy that! He said he had forgotten everything he knew.
15. He told me he had forgotten everything he knew.
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16. He asked me if I knew the way to the railway-station.


17. He asked me where I lived.
18. He said her parents were well.
19. She said she was going to learn to drive.
20. She said her brother had given up a job.
21. She said she couldnt come to the party on Friday.
22. She said she wanted to go for a holiday but she didnt know where to go.
23. She said she was going away for a few days and she would phone me when she came back.
24. He informed that they were going to get married the next month.
25. She said she had seen/she saw her ex-husband at the party and he was looking gloomy.
26. I thought you said that restaurant was cheap.
27. I thought you said that she wouldnt come to see us.
28. I thought she said that she didnt like her job.
29. I thought you said that you didnt know English at all.
30. I thought you said that you had never eaten snails.
31. She asked me how old I was.
32. She wondered if I knew any foreign language.
33. She tried to find out how I was feeling.
34. She asked me where I had been.
35. She wondered when I had come back.
36. She asked me what I was doing.
37. She asked me where I lived.
38. She wondered why I had come back.
39. She asked me if I was glad to being back home.
40. She asked me if I could lend her some money.
41. She wondered if I had any plans for the future.
42. He asked me if there was a bank near there.
43. She informed she had no idea who had committed that insolent robbery.
44. You knew that she hadnt got my letter.
45. You wondered when he had come back.
46. You found out what that word meant.
47. He had no idea if it was a long way from there to the airport.
48. He didnt wonder if I was married.
49. He asked me why we met so seldom.
50. He asked me when I would get free after work.

2.
1. Im hungry. She says she is hungry. She said she was hungry. She has just said she is hungry. She
said she had been hungry before she went to work. She said she had been hungry since morning. She
asked me if I was hungry. She asked me why I was hungry. She wondered if I had been hungry
before I sat down to the table.
2. He is deep in the hole and he has no money to pay for his flat. He says he is deep in the hole and he
has no money to pay for his flat. He confessed he was deep in the hole and had no money to pay for
his flat. Today he has declared for everyone to hear that he is deep in the hole and has no money to
pay for the flat. They wondered if he had any debts. They tried to find out if he had money to pay for
the flat. They want to know why I have no money to pay for the flat. Do you want to know if I can
pay for the flat? Did you want to find out if I could pay for the flat? Do you want to know when I
will pay for the flat? He wondered if I was going to get clear of debts in the foreseeable future.
3. How long are you going to stay in our town? He wonders how long we are going to stay here. He
tried to find out how long we were going to stay there. He wondered if we would have been there
before it started raining. Do you want to know if we will have been here till Christmas? Why didnt
you try to find out how long they were going to stay there? Do you guess why he didnt ask them
how long they were going to stay there? He has just told he wont be able to find out how long they
are going to stay here. Ive just found out how long they are going to stay here.

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4. We can't afford to spend money like water. They say they can't afford to spend money like water.
They confessed they couldn't afford to spend money like water. They complained that under the
circumstances or, rather, in their parents presence they couldnt afford to spend money like water.
Are you pleased with the fact that you can spend money like water? She wondered if we were
pleased with the fact that we could afford to spend money like water at last. I am not sure we can
afford to spend money like water. Are you sure that you can afford to throw your money around?
5. She failed in exams to university. She said she had failed in exams to university. She confessed that
had failed in exams to university ever the previous year/the year before. She is crying because she
has failed in the exam. He wondered why she had failed in exams. Didnt you wonder why she had
failed in exams? Did she tell you that she had failed in exams? I dont know when she will confess to
her parents that she has failed in exams.

30.
1. I give English lessons every day. Im given English lessons every day.
2. I pay taxes honestly. Im never paid a salary in cash.
3. He usually tells fabulous stories. He is usually told fabulous stories.
4. He seldom offers his help under the delicate circumstances. He is often offered help.
5. I hardly ever give advice. Im often given advice how to act in some unforeseen situation.
6. I always invite a lot of people to my birthday party. I am usually invited to blow round with great
pleasure.
7. He never envies anybody but he is envied by everybody.
8. Unfortunately, we excuse our enemies too seldom. We are always glad when we are excused.
9. I refuse to get this job. Im usually refused to get extra profit.
10. I allow you to stay up late. Im usually allowed to stay up late very seldom.

31.
1. Put it into your pipe and smoke it: you wont set the Thames on fire thats why you are asked at
school so often. My heart usually sinks into my boots when Im asked some tricky question,
especially when I am not ready for the exam properly. A young hopeful! Its the first time Ive asked
you such a tricky question on history and you have got out of a difficulty with great ease!
2. You are always making a mountain out of a molehill! Good ice cream is made of high-quality food.
It isnt usually done like this! These miniature toys are made of ivory. Is your ice cream made of
liquid milk? He has just made such an ugly thing! We have been doing lessons since the very
morning. If you make a mountain out of a molehill, well live a cat and dog life. Just imagine: he told
me if I made a mountain out of a molehill, we would live a cat and dog life!
3. Thats the heart of the matter! You are always openhearted thats why you are tricked so often. Ive
never tricked anybody! Ive been sitting on a powder keg since I understood that everyone was
tricked there. Dont let the grass grow under your feet and if you are tricked once again, leave our
town immediately and go in search of a job somewhere to a proper place. If Im tricked, then Ill
trick anybody with the greatest pleasure.

32.
1. I refuse point-blank to explain new material to you if you dont bring yourselves to your senses. She
has been explaining her favourite theorem to us for an hour and, to my mind, she is on the top of the
world. He is at odds with math and even if everything is explained to him in detail, he cant solve
even a primary sum. Have you explained the main thing to her yet? Have you already explained the
main thing to her? Have you already managed to explain the main thing to her? By the way, is
everything always explained to you in detail?
2. Its the first time; Ive read an English book in the original. I have the title of the book I read last
week with great pleasure on the tip of my tongue. In my opinion, she is from a different world: just
imagine, she perceives nothing when it is read to her aloud; and one day when I asked her why it
happened like that, she answered very roughly: Its out of your business! It serves you right!
Never interfere in other peoples business if you arent asked. How often English texts are read to
you at the lessons? To my mind, she wont read this book completely if you dont make her do it.

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Have you ever read English writers in the original? Nothing is never read to us at English lessons and
it is real careless work if call a spade a spade.

33.
A
1. I usually wait for the necessary bus for hours. The necessary bus is usually waited for hours.
2. We often send him for beer. He is usually sent for when somebody needs first aid/is in need of first
aid.
3. I speak about it quite often. It is often spoken about.
4. We always listen to classical music with great pleasure. Classical music isnt always listened to
with great pleasure.
5. Sometimes I look at todays young people with great surprise. Rebellious young people are usually
looked at with misunderstanding and dislike.
6. Teenagers usually look for something unrealizable. She is often looked for before the beginning of
the classes.
7. You are laughing at her for nothing. Unfortunately, she is often laughed at.
8. I look after aged people; its my extra earnings. Evidently, this child is looked after very well.
9. She referred me to you. Ancient authors are often referred to in the lectures on history.
10. Our principal usually finds fault with his favourites. For some reason, Im always found fault with
at physic lessons.
11. My daughter usually looks forward to the coming of heat. The 14th of February and the 25th of
December are usually looked forward to in all the Catholic countries.
12. I am glad that I can always rely on you in everything. Sometimes kids are relied on more often than
their disorganized parents.
13. The young seldom pay attention to weather. The slightest change in weather is paid attention to in
London.
14. We never live in the country-cottage in winter. In winter the country-cottage is never lived in.
15. We drink out of old cups. Old cups are drunk out of in our family.

B.
1. How long have you been looking for your keys? Why are you usually looked for in the attic? Will
you have been looking for him before it starts raining? Had you looked for the keys in your own
room before you phoned me?
2. He is never found fault with because he has showed himself as an excellent hard-worker. He said he
would never find fault with me providing I learnt some poems by heart.
3. He said I was spoken about at every corner. I had been speaking about you for an hour before you
entered the room.
4. Have you heard from him recently? Have you heard about him? Ive never heard of him. Can you
hear me?
5. Ive been waiting for you for 15 minutes. Unfortunately, I am not waited for there. He said he wasnt
waited for there. Ill be waiting for you at the cinema at 5 oclock sharp.

34.
1. How often do you do your flat? He is just playing for time and isnt going to tide up his room. It
goes without saying that you are madly glad that your room is always done/is always tided up by
your friends arrival / coming. The hall is being tided up now so you will be able to get in at any
moment. He promised he would do his room sooner or later. I cant understand why it is never tided
up here; this mess just drives me wild and I confess Im fed up with all this complete chaos.
2. Follow me! Oh, Im scared, to my mind; Im being followed closely. Dont worry! It just seems to
you: there are always so many people on a bus in the rush hour that any person can suppose that he
is followed.
3. We are having a heart-to-heart talk, so please, dont bother us. We are always being bothered here,
its just unbearable! I feel that I always bother you. It looks as if you were born with a silver spoon
in your mouth if you arent prevented to work on/at your book under present power.

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35.
1. He has been duped since morning, but he is a knowing old bird nobody has managed to cheat him.
Ive never cheated you, Honest to God! Why are you always cheated? He used to cheat me when I
was child. I would cheat my trustful good-natured parents in childhood. You are always being
cheated and you are out of the swim! If I am not cheated again, Ill come to my senses and enter the
University come rain or shine. He said he had been cheated since birth. Look here! You are being
cheated at the moment!
2. I always feel ill at ease when Im treated so hard. Help yourself, please, and be at your ease. She
invited us to see her place, treated with some delicious food and then suggested spending the night at
her place as it started raining cats and dogs. Shame on you, youve, probably, had a screw loose: you
have been amused, treated and pampered since morning, but you behave yourself as if you dont
wear the trousers. She is being treated with black coffee at the moment.
3. She is often shown on TV because everybody thinks her the pink of perfection. Have you shown
your usual trick yet? These tricks have been shown on TV since 7 oclock in the evening. I will have
been showing tricks till I am not asked to stop. How many years had you been showing tricks in the
streets before you decided to try working at the circus? This film is shown on TV every Sunday. This
film is being shown on TV at the moment. Is this film being shown on TV at the moment? Why do
you show tricks so seldom? He promised he would show a trick as soon as he got free.

36.
1. There is no need to tip to staff: service is included in a bill. I remember that when we had dinner in
this restaurant in summer, a tip was included in a bill. This diet includes all the necessary ingredients
but not for love or money I keep to this diet because making salads will take me too much time and,
as Im always busy, I cant permit it. Are you included in the list of invitees to the 20th anniversary of
their wedding?
2. We were allowed to get into the holy of holies of this unique medieval castle, I mean, the library.
Circumstances dont allow me to live in a big way. Are you really allowed to stay up late? I didnt
know you were allowed to stay up late.
3. She was brought up in the spirit of obedience to their parents. If you arent brought severely, youll
never grow wise. We try to bring up our children as well as possible. He is a strange child, neither
fish nor good red herring; there is nothing special about him. I cant imagine a human being who
will be able to bring him up as a worthy and honest person. He always knows which side his bread is
buttered, I wonder, who brought him up? Our parents were brought up in a very difficult historical
period, in stagnation years, they were promised a land of milk and honey when the communism was
in. No doubt, all that left an imprint on them, in a word; we cant always understand each other.
4. He was looked after well in childhood, I hope; he pays back to his parents in the same coin. These
kids are being looked after bad at the moment, and I cant put up with it. Will you be able to look
after my child while I am doing shopping? She promised she would look after my little-one while I
was at the hairdressers. I have been looking after my neighbours kids since their parents were
offered a part-time job.
5. Ive been reading this book since Monday. This book has been read since Monday. This book is
usually read before night. This book is being read at the moment, I cant give it to you. What are you
reading now? Is anything interesting being read to you at the courses? An extract from his article
about the political situation in our country was read to us yesterday. If you have read this book by
tomorrow, Ill be able to give it back to the library on time. He asked me what I was reading then. He
wondered if I had read any of ancient writers. He wonders if Im going to have read this book by the
end of the holiday. He swore he would have read that book before the light in the camp was turned
off.

37.
1. When I was being awarded, I felt suddenly that I was ready to burst out crying. All the outstanding
people are awarded in our country. She will be left holding the bag if you havent awarded her before
she is fired.

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2. You are being led by the nose by the hysterical woman and forcing panic in society, nobody will
excuse you for that. You were excused long ago. What did you feel when you realized, that you
were being excused?
3. He was in his element and chatted nonstop and only because of him we werent bored stiff while the
lecture on the harm of smoking was being read to us. You have been chatting on the phone for 2
hours its just disgusting! We had been chatting for a few minutes before we were paid attention to.
You are chatting nonstop at the lessons; Im fed up with it.
4. I was nearly tickled to death when I understood that such nasty and self-enamoured pressmen were
always left holding the bag. The devil will pay for these manuscripts but, at any price, Ill try to find
out when this wonderful town was found. Havent you already learnt so far why the Brain Drain is
taking place in our country? You are behind the times if you are still out of the swim and dont know
that she is in the family way/she is pregnant.
5. The same thing is always being repeated to me! Im always repeating to you the same thing! Have
you repeated all the rules yet? Have you already repeated everything? This thing is repeated to you
from day to day for nothing, isnt it? He promised he would have reviewed all from the beginning to
the end before the exam. If you cant repeat everything Ive just told, Ill teach you a lesson.

38.
1. My congratulations! Your book has been published! This information was published not long ago
though; we decided to turn to new facts before we were forbidden to work in this field. It isnt worth
getting fresh with your co-workers even if your book has already been published and has caused a
sensation. I get cold feet when I see that heaven and earth have been moved in my house,
nevertheless my book hasnt been published yet.
2. His car was damaged badly during the accident a few weeks ago and after that he began to be
religious about driving. Since childhood Ive been religious about everything that deals with healthy
way of life. You cant feel strongly about his plans, can you? He does nothing in fact and just goes
through emotions but to tell the truth, very skillfully.
3. To tell the truth, I dont feel strong about our government because it just goes through emotions and
keeps on taking care of its interest.
4. He never keeps his temper and always vents his bad spirit on unprotected and meek/ mild beings. We
have never been allowed to vent our bad spirit on buyers. We are never allowed to vent our bad spirit
on freshmen. If I get fresh with you and vent my bad spirit on you, you will feel sorry for it!
5. I seldom pay attention to passers-by. Im seldom paid attention to. Ive just paid attention to that
handsome young man who is standing by the window and going through emotions. Im so happy:
Ive been paid attention to! Why am I never paid attention to? I had paid attention to her before she
began to tell about her problems. You have been paid attention to since birth. You were paid
attention to at the competition, which took place in Moscow last year.

39.
1. He always plays up to teachers. He always tried to keep up with the Joneses and played up to the
rich. Judging by her step and way of behaving she tends to keep to herself nevertheless she is
considered a big shot and she is always played up to.
2. Tramps are always offended and abased. You have been offending me since I came into this room.
Hardly had I opened the mouth when I got it in the neck, honestly speaking, no offence intended
though. If you offend him, Ill understand that you have taken a turn for the worse.
3. I cant keep up with fashion because I dont earn enough. This money had been earned honestly
before he was accused of stealing. It looks as if you took a turn for the better: last year you earned a
lot of money and spent everything on charity, didnt you?

40.
1. She was fascinated by original beauty of this ancient town. He had been fascinated by her lovely
voice before he saw her. He has just confessed that he is fascinated by you. He said to his parents that
he was fascinated by that young lady and was going to marry her as soon as he had worked his way
up.

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2. The stories about your life made an impression on me. Do you like to make an impression on
unknown people? Jump at the chance and try to make an impression on all these people. In spite of
the fact she was out of shape, she made an impression on all the men in our yard, well, just, one of
those things. She is good at making impression on teachers. In my opinion, she is out of her mind as
the story about your out-of-pocket expenses has made an impression on her.
3. I like to watch children. Look out, to my mind, we are being watched. Dont worry, we havent been
watched since we left that town: out of sight, out of mind. I had been watched for 5 month before I
was offered the leading role in this film. She was surprised and disappointed when she understood
that she was being watched. Will you be watching me the whole of my lifetime?

41.
1. The medicine will be prescribed for you if you see no objection to it. If you dont prescribe a
medicine for me, I wont feel fit. After the medicine had been prescribed for me I felt like a new
person. He promised that he would prescribe a medicine which from rumors cures most of the known
diseases. If the medicine that you need is prescribed for you, Ill follow the example and go to the
doctor.
2. Tomorrow all the problems will be solved and you will feel like a million dollars. I hope, Ive solved
your problem by the beginning of the school year; it has nothing to do with me though. Follow your
heart, please, dont feel shy and see her home, and then all your problems will be solved for sure.
Have you already solved all your problems? If you have solved all your problems before departure,
Ill come to see you off.
3. Im comparing your papers at the moment. We are being compared now. He told that we were being
compared then. I hoped we wouldnt be compared. If we are compared, we refuse to cooperate. Two
pretenders to work at our firm had been compared for long before on of them was offered a prestige
post in the end. I cant compare you: you have nothing in common. Yesterday I was able to compare
these two pictures.

42.
1. I feel like drinking. This cup has never been drunk out of. As soon as you drink this invigorative
coffee, you will go with a run. Beer is usually drunk while fooling about. If you pick me up, well
have time to drink Georgian wine. She promised we would have time to drink real Georgian wine if
we picked her up on the way to the airport. He has been drinking little lately. White wine is usually
drunk while eating fish.
2. Ill try to outline the plan of our actions providing Im listened to carefully and I am not interrupted,
otherwise I can become mad/wild. When we were listening to you, we understood that the way of
your speech fit the situation fully. Sometimes we are listened to indifferently and our last appearance
just screwed me up.
3. I smile at people very often. When a person has a run of luck, he always smiles at everybody. Im
very upset: my close friend has been out of the run, has stopped smiling, on the whole, he has lost a
taste of life.

43.
1. Our house is not far from the supermarket and, it goes without saying, its comfortable, especially if
you run the house on your own, single-handed. To begin with, he tried to find out were my school
was situated. Do you know where a new supermarket will be situated?
2. Its very unpleasant to run across the beggary in the pedestrian subway or in the Metro carriage.
Unfortunately, the beggars are always run across on the way to work in the mornings. How often do
you meet the beggary in passenger traffic?
3. This movie was restored a few years ago but the quality of the film leaves much to be desired. I can
restore my English in a few weeks if you run my house in turn. He didnt manage to restore his
English in such a short space of time and its for the better, because he understood that one should
not go in for music, in for sport and take course in English at the same time.
4. He is a wonderful person: he is handy with everything and he has dry humor, so he is often looked at
with surprise. I was looked at the very moment when I was going to raise a hand and ask a question.

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Why do you never look at me? Dont wonder if you are looked at with distrust. To my mind, its
normally to seek fortune but for some reason Im looked down on.
5. Its the second time weve rebuilt our school. Its the second time the school has been rebuilt. This
house had been rebuilt before we moved here. This church has been rebuilt so many times that I cant
imagine how it looked in the beginning. Will this house have been rebuilt by the anniversary of our
town? He wondered if the school building would have been rebuilt by the anniversary of our town.

44.
1. Im an early riser and I usually run through the newspapers at breakfast-time. He was running
through the newspapers when he was asked to answer a phone call. There is nothing like rest at sea
where you can do nothing from morning till evening, laze in the sun and hardly ever run through the
newspapers. Have you run through morning newspapers yet? He promised he would have run
through the newspapers before he went to work. I was amazed when I run through the newspapers
and found out that my feature simply hadnt been printed.
2. He is deeply attached to his kids so he dedicates all his books just to them. Have any poems ever
been dedicated to you? She confessed it was the first time that such lovely poems had been dedicated
to her. She was amazed when she learnt that these famous lines were dedicated to her great
grandmother. For a change, dedicate these poems to your first teacher.
3. We are always glad to see a new person at our place, no matter what kind of hobby a person has. Are
you keen on fishing? He was keen on jogging in youth. You need change of scene and if you are
keen on underwater swimming, I advise you to apply to a tourist agency.
4. I often show tricks. Im seldom shown on TV. Have you been shown their usual trick yet? Have you
shown your usual trick to this refined audience yet? He wondered if I had already shown my famous
trick. Unfortunately, I had been shown on TV before I came home from work. Will you have been
shown on TV before we leave for work? He didnt expect he would be shown on TV the next day.
This film has been shown on TV for a few months. When were you shown on TV? This movie will
be shown on TV tomorrow at 5.
5. Our school is much spoken about. Our school hasnt been spoken about since an arguable article
about it was printed in the newspaper. Our school will be spoken about till it exists. What is being
spoken about your school at the moment? What was being spoken about our school when you turned
on the radio? What is usually spoken about our school? Our school will be spoken about when you
enter the hall. Its the first time our school has been spoken about on TV. Our school will have been
spoken about before the news begins.

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, .
-.
,
.

.
.
.


.
,
. The boy is feeding the dog ( )
the dog the boy, ,
, The dog is feeding the boy.
, ,
.
:

1. ( ?) the boy
2. ( ?) is feeding
3. ( ?)- the dog

(, , ..)
.
(?)
( ).
The boy is feeding the dog in the yard.

(?)
( ).
The boy is feeding the dog with pleasure.

(?)
( ).
The boy feeds the dog every morning.

Every morning the boy feeds the dog.

,
.

.
The boy feeds the dog in the yard every morning.

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:
1. (?)
2. (?)
3. (?)

.
The boy feeds the dog with pleasure every morning.

.
The boy feeds the dog with pleasure in the yard.

.
The boy feeds the dog with pleasure in the yard every morning.


, . ,
, .

1. of, ,
, (? ?):
(?) .
She forgot the plan of the speech.

2. to ,
:
(?) .
She showed the plan of the speech to the teacher.

, ,
: ,
,
She showed the teacher the plan of the speech.

3. by ,
, ,
(? ?):
(?) .
Many trees were destroyed by the fire.
.
Many trees were destroyed by people.

4. with , ,
, :

(?) .
I like to write with a pencil.

,
.

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V V2 V3

to be was/were been
to beat beat beaten
to become became become
to begin began begun
to bend bent bent
to break broke broken
to bring brought brought
to build built built
to burn burnt burnt
to burst burst burst
to buy bought bought
to catch caught caught
to come came come
to cost cost cost
to cut cut cut
to do did done
to draw drew drawn , ,
to dream dreamt dreamt ,
to drink drank drunk
to drive drove driven ()
to eat ate eaten
to fall fell fallen
to feel felt felt
to feed fed fed
to fight fought fought
to find found found
to fit fit fit ,
to fly flew flown
to forbid forbade forbidden
to forget forgot forgotten
to forgive forgave forgiven
to get got got
to give gave given
to go went gone
to grow grew grown
to have had had
to hang hung hung
to hear heard heard
to hurt hurt hurt
to keep kept kept ,
to know knew known
to learn learnt learnt
to leave left left ,
to lend lent lent
to let let let ,
to light lit lit
to lose lost lost
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to make made made


to mean meant meant ,
to meet met met
to pay paid paid
to put put put
to read read read
to ride rode ridden
to ring rang rung
to rise rose risen
to say said said
to see saw seen
to sell sold sold
to send sent sent
to shake shook shaken
to show showed shown
to shut shut shut
to sing sang sung
to sink sank sunk
to sit sat sat
to sleep slept slept
to speak spoke spoken
to spend spent spent
to split split split
to spread spread spread ,
to stand stood stood
to stick stuck stuck , ,
to steal stole stolen
to swear swore sworn ,
to swim swam swum
to take took taken ,
to teach taught taught ()
to tell told told
to think thought thought
to throw threw thrown
to understand understood understood
to wake woke woken
to wear wore worn
to win won won
to write wrote written

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absolutely, perfectly
a damage (); a crash .; an accident ( )
a bus
an author
a lawyer
water-colours
neatly, smartly
active
English grammar
antique, ancient, classical
rent
a sum
an actor
archaeological

a grandmother; a grandma, a granny
a gang; a band
complete chaos
jogging
fluently
poor
penniless
single-handed
no doubt, surely
disorganised
to idle; to do nothing
defenseless, unprotected
brainless, stupid
1) . ugliness; deformity ();
2) (, ) disgrace, scandal, disgraceful/shocking things;
3) .: ! it's disgraceful!, it's scandalous!
it's simply a disgrace/scandal
non-stop
meek, mild
unemployment
thoughtless, unreasonable
madly
white
pregnant
to drive wild
disorder, mess; disorders
a library
for a good hour
thanks
thanks to him; because of him
noble, generous
charity, philanthropy
close friends

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near relations
not far from
1) () a dish 2) () dish; course
rich, wealthy
the rich; the wealthy
cheerful, bright
invigorative
martial arts
sickness, illness; a disease
(-) to be a fan (of); to support
to chat
to chat nonstop
talkative
a chatter-box
any more
majority; most (of)
1) big; large ( );
wide interval;
great/large number;
2)(, ) great;
3) () important;
4) . () grown-up;
thumb ( ); big toe ( );
big-time sports;
capital letter
to be afraid of dogs
a brother
( ) the Browns
a crazy idea
a tramp
() to give up (smoking)
to wake, to awaken, to call
the future
cheap novels
rebellious
a storm
a storm of cheers
ex-
fast, quickly, rapidly, with speed
to be a guest of smb.
to be on leave
to be out of humor, to be in a bad mood; to be out of sorts
. to get into a bad mood
to be divorced
to be at odds with smb.
to be in a good mood; to be in good spirits
to be in love with somebody
to be ready
to be married to somebody
to be amazed
to be in the seventh heaven, to be on cloud nine
to be located, to be situated, to be
employment office

on a bus

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in alphabetical order
as I am always busy
in childhood, as a child
in the spirit of smb./smth.
as a teacher
in the end, after all
what time
as a last resort
in the shop
generally speaking
in the original
for the last time
otherwise
in the very heat
in particular
in this field
in youth
a carriage
important
it seems to you
you should do it
suddenly
! Behave yourself!
1) ( , ) you see, you know; why; after all;
, she is always buying new
dresses she is very rich, you know; he is an expert, you see;
2) ( ?) is it not?, will you not?; is it?, will you? ( )
? He is at home, isn't he? ? It is late, isn't it?
? It is not true, is it?
a lucky fellow
great
generous; noble
splendidly
fine, splendid, excellent
a bicycle; a cycle, a bike .
to believe
right/correct decision
to return; to come back; to get back, to be back
to have something on the tip of one's tongue
merry
spring
to be quiet
to conduct oneself, to behave
to misbehave
to behave
a party
things
furious
excited
to take an interview
to pull oneself together
obviously, evidently
wine
guilty
to hang on the phone

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to include (in)
delicious
tasty
to fall in love (with)
to interfere in other people's business
at first, in the beginning
suddenly
! Attention!; look out!, mind!
carefully
, a grandchild; grandchildren
distinctly
during, at the time of
during a game
at any rate; at any case
not at all
water, tap water
to drive
a military man
driving
air
to potter about in the kitchen
a lover, a sweetheart
perhaps
disgusting!; disgraceful!; shocking!
war
to get in
- to worry about
hair
generally, in general ( ); on the whole
() at all, :
he won't come at all
armed to the teeth
to realize
a question; a matter (); an issue ( , );
a problem ()
to rush in(to); burst (into)
to bring up
to perceive
to restore
delight
enthusiastic
lovely
admiration, delight
! that's the way!, that's right!
for the first time, first
an enemy
a doctor
harm
time
all days long
everything necessary
, ! Thats settled!
- nevertheless, (but) still, for all that, all the same, however
soon, presently, before long, shortly after
a short time later, shortly afterwards

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aloud
, to get up
to get out of bed
to meet somebody the second time
all sorts of rubbish; stuff
yesterday's, of yesterday, last night's
to wear oneself out
a choice; an option
- to make somebody angry
the conclusion of government commission
to look
to look fine
to look out
to turn out, to drive out
an advantage, profit, gain (); a interest
a profitable suggestion
outstanding
an extract from the article
( , ) to cause
to marry; to get married
to get out of a car
to retire on a pension, to be pensioned off
to turn off; to switch off;
to turn off; to switch off the light
to get out of a difficulty
to show off
to prescribe a medicine
to carry out, to fulfil, to realize
to do an assignment
to draw oneself up
graduate, graduating student, final-year student
to complain
to grow
to make fun (of)
a top-specialist
lordly, with a high hand
to exhibit
appearance (); performance ( );
statement (); speech ()
academy
exhaust gas
it turned out
to find out

an ugly thing
a newspaper
genius ( ); great ( ..)
key role, leading role, title role
foolishly, stupidly
nonsense!, stuff and nonsense!, rubbish!
silly
to talk rubbish
to speak on the telephone/phone
hungry
a voice

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town; city ( )
hot
to cook; to make breakfast
to get ready, to prepare (for) the exam
a robber; a burglar ()
to thunder
thunder
roughly
Georgian
sad
dirty
the humanities

to lend money
to tip
to counsel, to advise, to give advice
- - to give something to somebody
long ago
love stories
() to give (to get) in the neck
to make a promise
to give advice, to give a piece of advice
cottage
two watches
a cousin
a cousin
a grand-dad; a grandpa(pa)
an action
really, actually, truly, indeed, in fact
to propose to
to give an injection
(.) a case
to demonstrate
birthday
money
a tree
() wood
to hold smb. by the hand
insolent
a detective story
children, kids; babies
childhood
cheaply
cheap
a divan, a sofa, a couch; a settee
degree work/thesis/research
a principal, a headmaster
a dissertation; thesis
completely
to achieve a success, to succeed in
to reach, to get to
good-natured, good-humoured
conscientious
-. to take smb. into one's confidence,
to let smb. into one's secrets

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trusting, trustful
quite, rather
pleased
to rain
to prove; to demonstrate ()
documents, papers
long-awaited, long-expected
a post, a position, a job
a stay-at home
additional, extra
extra payment
extra earnings
to examine, to question
a road
dearly
- an accident
() enough
to achieve
worthy
a daughter
jewelry
to fight
other, another, different
friendly, kindly
friendly
to be friends (with)
an uncle

food
a fir(-tree)
he doesnt care
nonsense, rot, rubbish
... ... if... then...
naturally
to go at high speed
( . ) ever
- another
once more; once again

greedy
to pity; to feel sorry (for)
to complain (of, about)
pity
heat, hot weather
hot
it is hot
to wait for a bus
to wait for hours
a railway station
yellow press
a wife
vividly
life
an inhabitant, a resident, . people, population
to live on ones salary (earnings)

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a magazine; a journal
a journalist, a pressman
terrible

in a short space of time
funny
a round
to begin to ache, to ache
a fence
to care (for), to take care (of); to look after
to take away
to forget
to envy; to be envious/jealous (of)
to depend on
dependent (on)
envious
to start (); to wind up ()
to have breakfast
to have a look (at)
to begin to speak
to become sunburnt / brown
abroad
to pollute
a problem
- to pick up
- to go/come (to), to call (on), to visit
to end, to be over, to come to the end, to close
great
to notice
reserved
a castle
exhausted
to study
to do research
to work hard
to be a scientist
- to do something
a bore
classes
busy
being busy; pressure of work
to write down
to pay for
to forbid, to prohibit,
to earn
an infection
beforehand, in advance
to show oneself
wages . (); salary, pay ()
a bigger salary
to deserve
to fall asleep
- to make do something
shy
stagnation

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but
slow coach
to memorize, to learn by heart
to begin to snore
to defend a thesis
to defend from
a heavy smoker
to call
1) ( , , ..) to ring; 2) (-.) to (tele)phone
a sound
it sounds delicious
building
healthy
a healthy way of life
health
to make angry, to irritate
wicked
an acquaintance; a friend
for nothing, to no purpose,

generally, in general , on the whole ( )
... both...and
to play
(, , )
to play tennis (football, chess, cards)
to act on the scene
( , , ,
) to play the piano (the flute, the violin, the guitar)
toys
an idiot, a stupid one
to follow smb.'s tastes
to go on foot, to walk
to follow smb.; close(ly)
from province
known
to make excuses, to apologise to
() to apologize to smb.
- to apologise for
to publish
to cure
change
exhausted, worn out
from day to day
or
just; exactly, in particular
to have a direct bearing on, to be directly relevant to
to (have) object(ion; to), to mind
an engineer
a foreigner
foreign
I wonder
to be interested in fashion
to be interested in music
to be interested in politics
to be interested in sport

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- to be interested in something
to look for; to seek
skilfully
art
military art, art of war, soldier ship
folk art
art dealer
abstract art, abstractionism
antique art
modern art
martial art
fine arts
fine arts
a work of art
to spoil
to be frightened (of)
1) () to try, to test; 2) () to experience, to feel
to have a stomachache
to have a backache
to have an earache
to have a headache
to have a toothache
research
historical
() a story

by coming
unfortunately, Im afraid
as well
a study
tricky; ticklish
every day of the week
to seem
how
( ) at least
properly, duly; downright, thoroughly .; as it should be
when possible, when it is possible,
when there's a possibility
- some; any
(.) channel
a picture; a painting
career
to cycle, to go for a cycle ride
Catholic countries
high-quality food
a flat
a cinema
a filmstar
to throw at somebody
keys
when
40 when he is 40
( ) while quarrelling
as a child
skin

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a collection
a mosquito
communists
a room
a company
inferiority complex
ingredients
of course
a competition
to save up
to feed
a king
best-known number (); one's usual trick .
haircut, cut, hairstyle, hairdo; crew-cut
to touch
a (camp)fire
bone
which
coffee
stealing
beautiful
to paint
colours
beauty
an armchair
a cry
to criticize; to find fault (with)
to cry, to shout; to scream, to yell ()
to shout at each other
lobby
to buy for supper
smoking
to smoke
a lot of people

to get on (with) .; to be on good terms (with); to agree (with)
medicine, drug; , the medicine that you need
to be lazy, to be idle
an idler, a lazy person
a forester
to travel by air
to treat (medically)
a leader
a literary man
( ) with great ease
private life
personally, in person
a personality
just
a favourite
1) beloved, loved, dear 2) () favourite
() an amateur
amateur
people

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the slightest
little, small
ma, mum, mummy, mommy, mother
the way of behaving
manna from heaven
slowly
a nurse
the smallest
nasty, loathsome
the place of residence
destination, destination point, the place of destination
a month
to dream (of)
, to dream of being a filmstar
() to bother; to disturb
nice
miniature
a minister
1) to make it up (with smb.),
2) ( -.) to put up with, to bear with
peace
it seems to me, I think, in my opinion, to my mind
it usually takes me a lot of time
I am bored
I'm afraid/terrified, I fear
many people, a large number of people
fashionable, stylish things
may be
a lightning; a thunderbolt
youth
youth, young people
married couple
youth
milk porridge
a coin
ice(-)cream
gloomy
a husband
a museum
a musician
cartoons
to worry
all of us
a soap opera
to wash up, to wash the dishes

running
at the party
during entrance examinations
out of town; in the country
in search of a job
at the meeting
to the dinner party
at every corner

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for carnival
in the kitchen
in the sky
outskirts
at first sight
on the beach
in the market
in fact
the next day
at games
in the street; ( ) out of doors; outside, outdoors
at the lessons
at physics lessons
these days
in the South
to watch
for sure, certainly
to make up, to beautify oneself
to visit; to call on; to come to see
to force panic
to reward (with); to decorate (with), to award
a name; an appellation; a title ()
to punish
1) at last, eventually, lastly, finally; 2) in the end ( ); 3) after all
to feed
cash
to leave an imprint
to employ
to sing
to remind about
1) to draw; to paint (); 2) . ( ) to picture
to disturb; to break
smart clothes
to insist (on/upon doing smth.);
() to persist (in doing smth.);
() to press (for)
to come, to begin
hard
true, real
to come; to begin
( ) to be in (winter is in)
coming
to come across, to run across
liquid milk
science; (.) let this be a lesson to you
to learn
scientific work to do a paper
research
to find; to discover ()
beginning
there is nothing to worry about
without rest; nonstop
careless
the luckless
innocent

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tasteless
ill-mannered
recently, not long ago; lately
distrust
it is not enough
independent
unknown (to), unfamiliar (to); strange
odd; ridiculous
( ) one should not
at once
hatred
necessary, essential
unusual, uncommon; extraordinary
misunderstanding
unforeseen
dislike
its very unpleasant
to be/feel nervous
unrealizable
a few, some, several
in spite of, despite
, in spite of the fact that
in spite of this
, to talk rubbish
an accident
there is no need (for/to)
an unlucky fellow/person
displeasure
unbalanced
... ... neither ...nor ; "" .
( , neither he nor she will be here)
nobody; no one; none
good-for-nothing, worthless, useless
a beggar
the newest; the latest (); modern, up-to-date
New Year's
news; news; a piece of news
new material
knife
normally
(hand)kerchief
night
to like
well
to need; to be in need of
necessary
present, today's
to moan
a nurse

both
accusation, charge
to accuse (of), to blame (for)
to criminate
to think over

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to have dinner
to provide (with)
worried
to promise
to burn
() to call names
an offence
to offend (smb.)
a cloud
mangy; shabby; bare
to deceive, to cheat; to trick
to find out
the foreseeable future
equipment
to apply to
to consult the doctor
to pay attention (to); to take notice (of), to notice
to apply for a job
- to treat to somebody
to serve
staff
circumstances
to discuss; to talk over .
to communicate with; to mix (with)
passenger traffic
company; society
sociable
to declare
to explain; - to explain to smb.
ordinary/average
fire
robbery
huge; enormous, tremendous
to snap at; to shout back at
to dress like a dolly
to dress tastefully
clothes
to dress in red
to get dressed, to dress
( ) alone
once, one day
in a/one word; in short
the same
at the same time, at one time
to approve (of)
to lend (-.); to borrow (from) ( -.);
to become wild, mad
a window
about, approximately
near the cinema
graduation
finally, once and for all
final, definitive
to leave school
he is quick-witted

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they don't get on, they are at odds


an optimist
to publish
1) to yell, to scream; 2) ( -.) to shout (at)
to become free; to get free
to offend
to examine
to go sight-seeing, to see the sights (of)
to dare
to found
especially; particularly
to realize
to leave alone
to leave without care
to become respectable
of offence
to distract
nasty, loathsome
the rest at sea
holiday-makers
to refuse
to refuse to get
frankly
excellent, perfect
- to treat somebody
vacation; holiday, leave ( )
an extract, a passage;
charming, fascinating
to charm, to fascinate
very ( . .); (very) much, greatly ( .)
regular
glasses
a feeling

a finger; a toe () a thumb
a (over)coat
a panic-monger, a scare-monger
dad
a parachute
a hairdresser
a barber
barber's (shop), hairdresser's
passive
there is a smell of spring in the air
a singer
a pedant
a pensioner
a freshman, a first-year student/man
to run across
to interrupt, to break
an interpreter
a translator
talks
summit talks
before night

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a program
to change one's mind
to move to
to rename, to give a new name
to have a snack
flight
to spend the night
to change, to get changed
to rebuild
to cross the street
a period
a song
a pessimist
to sing
to sing serenades
sad
beer
( ) to nag
a writer, an author, a penman
to work on the dissertation
- to write to somebody
to drink
swimming
to swim
to weep, to cry; to sob ()
to cry on nothing
a plan
rent
to pay
to pay a salary
to pay in cash
to pay taxes
a nephew
a niece
a film
to feel unwell/bad
bad
on week-days
to all appearance(s)
over the town
at least
by post
on/by the radio, over the air
from rumors
at bottom of fact, as a matter of fact, in point of fact
on television
to beat
near here
behaviour, conduct
to turn
to repeat; to review ()
an increase in pay
to iron
in the rain
depressed, dispirited

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a present, gift
underwater
to get ready; to prepare (for)
to be ready properly
pedestrian subway
a lickspittle
to sweep
to rise pay, salary
ins and outs
to raise one's hand
such a question
to suspect (of)
in detail
a detail
teenagers
a friend
to use somebodys mind; to think twice
a pillow
() to catch
1) ( -./-.; ) to approach; to go / to come / to walk /
to step up (to); 2) (-./-.; )to suit ( ); to fit (
); to match ( ); to be right (for)
right
subordinate
to drive up to
() he has missed the train
to go by bus; by car;
by underground, by subway; by train; by a taxi
to go to the cottage
to go to sea
to pity; to feel sorry (for)
please
to get married
(.) the aged; people in years
people in years, the old
to forget (about)
behind somebody (me, her, him)
to invite to table
to allow (to), to permit (to)
the telegram of congratulation
to congratulate (on)
my congratulations!
to become acquainted (with)
to go for a walk, to walk, to stroll, to take a walk/stroll
to go to the doctor
to go to work
to go fishing
to walk, to go on foot
( , ) for the time being, for the time present;
! . so long!, (I'll) see you later, bye-bye
to leave
an admirer
to swear
buyers, purchasers; customers
a purchase; a buying

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to have a smoke
a politician
a policeman
completely; fully
- half a lesson
to get a profit (out of), to receive a profit (from); to profit (by/from)
, to hear from
to reconcile (with), to make up with
to help
- in my opinion, according to my opinion, to my mind, to my way of thinking
to wash (to do) the dishes
to understand, to comprehend
to choke (over)
to tidy ones hair
to put on the weight
to have a try
a dressmaker
order
honest
to dedicate to; to devote to
after
after finishing
after
the day after tomorrow
! Look here!
obedience
to make the bed
to wash, to do some washing
stranger
constant; permanent
constantly
the injured
( ) to act
to enter the music school
to send
to lose a taste for life
to lose sight (of)
to lose a job
to get lost
then
because
to spend
to spend money for
tremendous, marvelous, fabulous
a hike, a walking-tour, an outing, a camping trip
a step
( ) it looks as if...
to grow thin, to lose flesh
a kiss; to blow kisses
- for some reason
almost
to feel giddy, dizzy
to feel pity
to get tired
thats why

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to appear
rights
the code of conduct
a rule
government
a great-grandchild; great-grandchildren
festive, festal; holiday
to celebrate
... to turn into, to change into; to grow into
ancestors; forefathers
an offer; a proposal, a proposition, a suggestion
to offer
to offer help
() subject
to prefer
(- -) to introduce (to)
! fancy that!
to imagine, to picture, to fancy
just imagine! Fancy that!
(forth)coming
to prefer ()
scorn
wonderful
to drop an acquaintance
depreciatingly, lightly
to drop an acquaintance
to follow
- press conference
prestige; prestigious
a pretender (to)
under present power
while translating
in the presence of the strangers
a pay rise
to arrive
profit(s), benefit
to put in order, to bring order to smth.
attractive, nice
to put in order, to bring smb. to his senses;
to bring
to get used to; to be used to
to invite to ones birthday party
to invite
to invite to the party
invitee
to make dinner
preparation
to find fault with somebody
to think out, to invent
to arrive
to arrive at a hotel
to confess
to visit, to pay a visit, to go on a visit, to go to see
to touch
a proper place

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() to admit (to), to accept (for)


to take (to have) a bath
to take (to have) a shower
to take the medicine
to take part (in), to participate (in)
to decide; to take/reach a decision
to obtain, to get
to adjust/adapt oneself (to), to accommodate oneself (to)
( -) to stick to
( -) to nag (with), to bother (with)
to pretend (to be), to act
to pretend to be ill
to attract people, to make friends
to come
to come on time
to do smb's hair
a cause; a reason; a motive
a problem
1) ( -.) () to try, 2) (-.) to taste
to fail in an exam
to examine, to check (up), to control
to give a lesson, to conduct a lesson
to get hungry
the news
a programmer
to shirk school, to play truant
to have a walk
to sell
a salesman
a vendor
production, output, produce
( ) to cause a sensation
to make/create an impression (on, upon)
pronunciation
to happen; to go on
to take place, to happen, to occur
to get wet
to vacuum
to call somebody to phone
to look through, to run through newspapers
to wake up-
ABC, primary
to excuse; to pardon; to forgive
just
just a joke
disgusting, nasty, loathsome
cool(ness)
to pass by
a passer-by
the past
to forgive, to excuse
a jump
straight home
audience; public
nonsense, nothing, nothingness, small beer

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! (it's) nothing!; never mind!; nonsense!, rubbish!


to travel
to try
the drunk
a five-year anniversary

work, a job
a part-time job
to work at/on
to work at/on the theme
a hard-worker
working, work
indifferently
to be glad/pleased/happy
( ) if
- to know a thing or two of something
to wake
to entertain, to amuse
to get divorced
lobby talks
the bell rang out
to divide into
irritated
to light
to deliver
to lose everything
to disappoint
to destroy
early
to split
to burst into tears, to burst out crying
to pay by credit card
to arrange; to place, to put, to set
to spread
to spread
dawn
to tell
sad, upset (); ( ) impaired; (
) out of tune
wise; reasonable, sensible
to expect
expenses amount to, come to
refined audience
a child; an infant; a baby; a kid .
jealous
routinely, regularly
a director
to cut
results
to advertise
suggested, recommended
religious
to repair
a rehearsal
to restore

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a restaurant
to solve a problem
extraordinary/emergency measures
a person of the same age; people of my age
5 at 5 oclock sharp
parents
relatives, relations
folks
a relative; a relation; a kinsman
() kin
to give birth (to),to bear
Christmas
part, role
to abuse, to scold
( ) to use bad language
manuscript
fish

(at) any moment
with (the greatest) pleasure
from the birth
with happy end
a salad
the most beautiful
self-enamoured
a test
independently ();
without assistance, on one's own ( )
independent; self-dependent
self-confident, self-assured
the very
the best
the worst
sanatorium, health centre
savings
a wedding
information
original
to go in for an examination, to take an examination;
to sit an examination, to do an examination
(, ) to give out
to hand
to pass an exam
made of
to do shopping
to propose (marriage) (to)
to control oneself
immediately
a family
feature
angry
to be(come) angry (with)
series
a sister; a sissy (., .)
to sink into an armchair

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to get into a car


to sit down to the table
to keep to a diet
to take somebodys seat
to keep to a diet
strongly; violently, heavily, greatly; badly
nice
a charmer
a situation
modest
a niggard
1)to be bored, 2) ( -.; -.)to long (for); to miss
dull/boring
( ) bored
( ) dull, boring
an investigator
to follow
the next
next summer
too
() difficult
ivory
to happen
a deadly sin
1)to laugh;
2) ( -./-.) to laugh (at), to make fun (of);
3) () to joke
to put up with
to look the other way
to look through the window
to look down on somebody
to watch TV
to look at, to gaze at coldly
to make soap operas
again
stunning
to take away; to take off ( , ..)
from all over the world
since yesterday
1) () to collect; 2) () to gather
own
perpetration
absolutely; totally; quite
( , ) at all
( ). ( She
isnt interested in art at all.)
advice
to advise
to agree
1) ( -.) to pity (smb.), to be sorry (for smb.)
2) ( -.) to regret (smth.)
to go crazy (with)
the sun
decision/judgment worthy of Solomon
competition

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a neighbour
to exile, banish
a co-worker; a colleague; a fellow-teacher; a fellow-clerk
to concentrate
a contributor
to cooperate (with)
to sleep
special, especial; express
to copy off (from); to crib (from)
a news-monger
to gossip, to talk scandal ()
quieter
calm, quiet
quiet, calm(ness)
arguable
a sportsman
to celebrate; to make ()
to compare (with)
at once; right away; straight away
medieval
means
to quarrel (with)
to get worse, to go from bad to worse
ancient, antique, age-old
to become warmer
an article
to feel/be shy/self-conscious/embarrassed
style
poem(s)
natural calamity
a poem; a rhyme ()
1) a century 2) () a centenary
the right books
- to suffer (from)
country; land; commonwealth
to be in a great hurry
haircut
severity
to build
a line
a student
to knock
court
to bend
stuff and nonsense!
creature, being
to exist
happy
a bill
to play a spiteful/malicious/mean joke on somebody
a son
here

so; like this
simply, just...

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as
such a
talented, gifted
to dance
thesis
to get dark
tennis
a theorem
now
warm
tolerance
a terrorist
to lose
testing
1) an aunt ( )
2) . woman
3) ( - ) lady
in a weak voice
one or another
- a top-model
to hurry, to be in a hurry, to hasten
the very; right
! true!
exact sciences
a spender
to broadcast
to demand (of, from)
to worry, to be anxious/uneasy/worried (about)
to train
the third
a coward
a blockhead
tourist agency
rotten, bad
( ) to go bad
( ) to go out
a black cloud
to put out the light
a thousand
(, ) hard, difficult

to run away (from); to escape
to tide up (to clean) the room
to respect, to have respect (for)
confident
to be keen (on smth.); to take a fancy (to smb.)
to dismiss; to fire, to give the sack
to persuade
! Help yourself! Help yourselves! ( .)
to treat (to); to give a treat; ( ) to stand a treat
to threaten (with)
lucky; successful
to astonish, to surprise, to amaze
to wonder
comfortable

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to leave for
to go for a holiday
terrible, horrible, awful
to have supper
to learn, to get to know
to leave for work
a decree, an edict
to steal
to decorate
a bite; () a sting
a snail
to smile; to smile a happy smile;
to smile a sad smile;
to smile through one's tears;
to smile farewell
- to smile at somebody
a clear head
! () Good for you!
clever, smart
to wash
to abase
unique
to mention
a manager
steady, balanced, even-tempered
a tornado
ugly
to hear a sound
( -.) to have time (to do smth.);
) . be in time (for)
to have time to do something
- to be in time for
to calm down
tiredness
to make a row
morning newspaper
() to leave
a school-year
a pupil
a scientist
a teacher
math teacher

a dreamer
fantastic(al) success
a flute
tricks
to take a photograph (of)
a football referee

careless work
to giggle
bread
to go hiking
to go to the theatre

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to take course in English


to go fishing
a master; a boss
to pamper
coldly; it is cold
cold
good
a well-paid job
to have a good time
though, although
a man of courage
to keep
to snore
an artist, a painter
1) hooligan 2) rowdy(-dowdy) . ()

for ages
for the whole year
a church
circus

a tip .,
for hours
more often
a man; a person; a human being
mankind, humanity
an attic
in ( ) 3 every 3 hours;
in two hours; after a while;
in a year; a year later ( )
ink
black
honestly; fair, fairly
to repair; to mend ( , ..)
to read
to lesson
a clubman
- something
- something delicious
to be at one's ease, to feel at home,
to make oneself at home
to feel better
to feel well
wonderful, marvellous; lovely
( ) a gutter-child
1) keen, sharp, quick ( ) ; 2) . sensitive
nearly; almost

footsteps
shashlik
a masterpiece
luxury, fine, splendid, grand, magnificent ()
a driver
a spy
to make a noise

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lavish, generous
delicate

selfish
an exam
examination-papers
an economist
an expedition
first aid
it is unbearable/insufferable
it is easy
( ) it suits me

anniversary
youth
a lawyer

I was born
apples
a tongue, (, ..) a language
an egg

1. English Grammar in Use. Raymond Murphy. Cambridge university press.


2. Advanced Grammar in Use. Martin Hewings. Cambridge university press.
3. . .. . .

4. . ... .
5. . ... . .
6. - . ...
.
7. ... .
8. 120 . . .
9. . . .. . . .

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