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WX-98F(T)

Microprocessor-based
Accurate Synchronization Device

User Manual

Jiangsu Nanjing
GORI Automation Engineering Ltd.
GORI Automation Engineering Ltd COPYRIGHT
ADD: Rm.201,Compound Building, Changjiang Scientice and Technology Park, NO.97
Luxiying, Nanjing
POSTALCODE: 210037 TEL.025-83641211 83323057
WEB:.jsgori.com FAX.025-83353991
E-mail: jsgori@163.com MARKET DEPARTMENT025-83551973

WX-98F(T)
Microprocessor-based
Accurate Synchronization Device

User Manual

MANUAL SERIAL NO: GR-200-12

FILE ISSUE VERSION NO. 0.


DATE: 1
DESCRIPTION: Microprocessor-based accurate Synchronization device
AUTHORIZER: Z.Y.XU
GORI Automation Engineering Ltd COPYRIGHT
ADD: Rm.201,Compound Building, Changjiang Scientice and Technology Park, NO.97
Luxiying, Nanjing
POSTALCODE: 210037 TEL.025-83641211 83323057
WEB:.jsgori.com FAX.025-83353991
E-mail: jsgori@163.com MARKET DEPARTMENT025-83551973

CONTENTS

Chapter 1 Overview of the device ............................................................ 1

Chapter 2 Hardware Specification .......................................................... 6

Chapter 3 Software Specification .......................................................... 19

Chapter 4 Device Test ............................................................................. 28

Appendix 1 Outline of WX-98F(T) ........................................................ 30

Appendix 2 Installation holes size .......................................................... 30

Appendix 3 Wave recording software ..................................................... 31

Appendix 4 Monitoring software ............................................................. 32


Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Chapter 1 Overview of the device

Based on the experience of former product WX-98, there are big improvement on
hardware and software design for the new product WX-98F(T) series
microprocessor-based automatic accurate synchronization control device.
WX-98F(T) is used for connecting to grid in power plant or busbar to power line in
substation. The device is safety, reliable, fast, stability and of high precision. In the process
of synchronization, the device also has the function of protection for the over or lower
voltage and frequency of the system or the generator and the PT secondary cycle broken
and over-excitation, etc.

1 Features
High safety and reliability
Equipped with state-of-art 32 bit single-chip microprocessor, WX-98F(T) is of dual CPU
and redundant structure. Its major switch-in output consists of two series-connected sub
output unit. So that the device has very high safety and reliability.

Quick synchronization speed and high precision


Using the modern control theories and the artificial intelligence concepts, WX-98F(T) can
accurately estimate the switch-in angle. Using the PID regulation, it can accurately track
the voltage and the frequency of power system, insuring complete switch-in at the first
synchro point.

High stability and strong ability in anti-interference


Built with low power-consumption electronic parts and high-quality switch power supply
as well as advanced multi-layer printed circuit, WX-98F(T) is of characteristic of
heat-stable, well adoptive to voltage change. All input/output and power supply circuits are
designed as anti-wave with various reliable isolation measure deployed. Has passed
through the test of the electromagnetism compatibility and radiation, electrical fast pulse
crowd meeting to the national standards.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

The PT secondary cycle broken and lower voltage protection


The synchro voltage will drop in the cases of the broken PT circuit or the excitation loop
abnormity. In this situation WX-98F(T) will alarm and refuse to send out synchronization
signal. It will display the lower voltage of the system or the generator on the screen.
Criteria of lower voltage value can be set up respectively.

Over-voltage and over-excitation protection


The over voltage of the generator will easily bring over excitation to the generator (also the
transformer for generator-transformer unit) in synchronization process. WX-98F(T) has
ability of over-voltage and over-excitation protection, criteria of generator over-high
voltage value and system voltage value can be set up respectively.

Over-frequency and lower frequency protection


To guarantee the generator connect to grid safely, WX-98F(T) provides the protection for
both over-frequency and lower-frequency. The upper limit and lower limit can be set up
respectively.

Supporting line voltage and phase voltage synchronization.

WX-98F(T) can automatically compensate the difference of phase angle and


the difference of voltage caused by the main transformer /Y wiring, thus it
is not necessary to use phase angle transformer.

Recording the actual time spent in switch-in process


Each actual switch-in time can be monitored on the screen.

Easy Operation
WX-98F(T) can be started manually or automatically one-time or multi-times, through the
different combination of input terminal connection. So it is ease to cooperate with manual
control or DCS system.

Equipped with communication interfaces, WX-98F(T) can be connected to a

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

back-end PC computer and display graphically the synchro-meter and the


real-time parameters of the synchronization process on computer screen.

Cooperating with intelligent operating box and the selector of line


This makes the switch-over between various voltage loop more reliable, and also
simplified the design of multi-object synchro switch-in logic and the cooperation with the
DCS system.

Data is displayed in Chinese or English.


Easy test and maintenance.
GPS clock synchronization.

The device is designed for system Voltages of 58(100/ 3 )VAC

64(100/ 3 )VAC100VAC110VACsystem frequencies of 50/60Hz.

2 Technical Specification
2.1 Power Supply:
AC85~260V or DC90~370V, power consumption <50W.

2.2 Input Signals:


Voltage of the secondary circuit of voltage transformer (PT or TV) on both sides of
the synchronization point.
Voltage : AC50~140V,
Frequency: 44Hz~56Hz,
Power consumption: <0.5VA.

2.3 On-off Signal Input:


All passive empty contacts.

2.4 On-off Signal Output:


Relay empty contact. Contact capacity: DC220V/5A.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

2.5 Synchronization Object: 16

2.6 Set-up range of frequency difference:


-0.30Hz~+0.30Hz, Calibration: 0.01Hz.

2.7 Set-up range of voltage difference:


-10V~+10V, Calibration: 0.1V

2.8 Set-up range of Lead-time:


10ms~1000ms, Calibration: 10ms.

2.9 Working temperature:


-10C~50C

2.10 Working humidity:


5%~80%, no coagulation

2.11 Dimension:
483360133mm

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

3 Classification and naming


3.1 WX-98F(T) is Microprocessor-based automatic accurate synchronization control
device

3.2 The name definition is as follows:

WX-98
The sequence number of products designEx:AC...
Product model

3.3 This User Manual only applies to WX-98F(T) type microprocessor-based automatic
accurate synchronization control device.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Chapter 2 Hardware Specification

1 Appearance
The obverse appearance of the device is shown in Fig 2.1. Each district definition as
follow:

TEST
WX-98 SYNCHRONIZER
TE
N
RU

ST

RUN
5V CANCEL OK
5
9 f+ NO.V SYN
6
24V

f+
f-
s f-
- +
7
V+ V+
V-
V-

ORDER
ALARM
4 USB RESET

8 s 3 2
1 GORI
GORI AUTOMATION
ENGINEERING CO.,LTD

Fig 2.1 The obverse appearance of the device

1. Electronic type Synchrometer

2. State indication lamps indicating follows if light:


a. 5V:5V power.
b. 24V:24 Power.
c. f+: Send out the pulse of Increasing Speed.
d. f-: Send out the pulse of Decreasing Speed.
e. V+: Send out the pulse of Increasing voltage.
f. V- : Send out the pulse of Decreasing voltage.
g. ORDER: Send out the pulse of switch-in.
h. ALARM: Prohibit switch-in or internal fault.

3. LCD screen:
Display the synchro parameters and real-time parameters.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

4. USB:
Used in modifying parameters.

5. Panel key:
Used in checking data and inputting command.

6. Running lamp and power lamps:


Astigmatic frequency of running lamp is 1 Hz after switch-on and or 2 Hz in running,
indicating the device works well.

7. RESET key

8. TEST button(f+,f-,V+,V-, ,S)

9. RUN/TEST switch

2.Signals Definition
The rear appearance of the device is shown in Fig 2.2.

G4 G3 G2 G1
GND
B2

POWER ALARM
POWER ALARM
MODBUS B1
MODBUS A1

Ug
Ug
Us
Us
GPS d
GPS c
GPS b

IN COM
IN COM
IN COM

110/220V(-)
110/220V(+)
A2

START IN

ORDER OUT
ORDER OUT
QF16
QF15
QF14
QF13
QF12
QF11
QF10
QF 9
QF 8
QF7
QF 6
QF 5
QF4
QF 3
QF 2
QF1
TJJ QUIT

V- OUT
V- OUT
V+ OUT
V+ OUT
ALARM OUT
ALARM OUT





GND

T-MEASURE
RESET IN
NON-V IN

* *
- OUT
- OUT
+ OUT
+ OUT

Fig 2.2 The rear appearance of the device

Input / output terminal definition are shown in the following tables.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

2.1 Terminal G1

No. Definition Remark In/Output

1 110/220V(+) DC power+ Input

2 110/220V(-) DC power- Input

4 Us* * System side voltage Input

5 Us System side voltage Input

6 Ug* * Generator side voltage Input

7 Ug Generator side voltage Input

9 POWER ALARM Power failure error Output

10 POWER ALARM Power failure error Output

11

12

13 MODBUS A1 MODBUS communication

14 MODBUS B1 MODBUS communication

2.2 Terminal G2

No. Definition Remark In/Output

1 + OUT Empty contact output Output

2 + OUT Empty contact output Output

3 - OUT Empty contact output Output

4 - OUT Empty contact output Output

5 V+ OUT Empty contact output Output

6 V+ OUT Empty contact output Output

7 V- OUT Empty contact output Output

8 V- OUT Empty contact output Output

9 ORDER OUT Switching-in output Output

10 ORDER OUT Switching-in output Output

11 ALARM OUT Device error Output

12 ALARM OUT Device error Output

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

2.3 Terminal G3

No. Definition Remark In/Output

1 IN COM Common terminal for selecting Input

2 IN COM Common terminal for selecting Input

3 IN COM Common terminal for selecting Input

4 TJJ QUIT Out of Sync when connected to Input

5 QF1 QF1 be selected Input

6 QF2 QF2 be selected Input

7 QF3 QF3 be selected Input

8 QF4 QF4 be selected Input

9 QF5 QF5 be selected Input

10 QF6 QF6 be selected Input

11 QF7 QF7 be selected Input

12 QF8 QF8 be selected Input

13 QF9 QF9 be selected Input

14 QF10 QF10 be selected Input

15 QF11 QF11 be selected Input

16 QF12 QF12 be selected Input

17 QF13 QF13 be selected Input

18 QF14 QF14 be selected Input

19 QF15 QF15 be selected Input

20 QF16 QF16 be selected Input

21 START IN Synchronization start Input

22 NON-V IN Non-voltage synchronization Input

23 RESET IN Device reset Input

24 T-MEASURE Switching time measure Input

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

2.4 Terminal G4

No. Definition Remark In/Output

1 GND

3 GPS b GPS clock synchronization Input

4 GPS c GPS clock synchronization Input

5 GPS d GPS clock synchronization Input

6 A2 Communication for view

7 B2 Communication for view

8 GND Communication for view

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

3 Connection

WX-98F(T) series microprocessor-based automatic accurate synchronization control


device can be operated both manually or through automatic control order from DCS
system.
Matched GR-3,or YAC-2000 intelligent operating case, it can make the circuit design of
multi-object synchro switch-in controlled by DCS system simple and the voltage switch
more safe and reliable.

3.1 WX-98F(T) sircuit wiring for single object (The wiring is shown in Fig2.3)
NOTES

1 The speed or voltage regulation can be output directly form the device and also be
output through middle relay.
2 G3-24 should be disconnected from G3-2 when not to measure the switch-in time of
breaker.
3 The no-voltage permission contact NU(WK) connected between G3-22 and G3-3. It
can not make no-voltage switch-in when the contacts is break and It can make
no-voltage switch-in when the contacts is connected and G3-4 shoule be connected
from G3-3.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

220V(+) 220V(-)

1D-1 1D-3
1 3
KK KK
2 4
MANU OFF DCS MANU OFF DCS
2D-1 2D-2 2D-3 2D-4
1 2 7 5 6
8
3 4 7 8

WX-98
G1-1 G1-2 Power supply
13 15 14 16

G2-9 G2-10 Switching-in relay


7 8
* 1D-5
1 9 G1-4
(System voltage)
1D-7

2 10 G1-5
G2-1
* 1D-9 Increase Speed
G1-6 G2-2
(Generator voltage) 3 11
1D-11
G1-7 G2-3
4 12 Reduce Speed
Object selected G2-4
G3-5

G3-1 G2-5
Raise Voltage
Switching-in G2-6
time measure G3-24
G2-7
G3-2 Abase Voltage
G2-8
MANUOFF DCS
A2
9 10 G3-21 G4-6 Communication interface
Syn. Starting B2 (RS-232 or RS-485)
G4-7
11 12
3 4
G2-11
Alarm
13 14 G3-22 G2-12
No.Voltage
permission 15 16

17 18 G3-4
TJJ Quit
19 20

RESET 21 22 G3-23

G3-3

Fig 2.3 Synchronization circuit wiring for single object

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

3.2 The exemplar of WX-98F(T) multi objects circuit wiring matched GR-3
3.2.1 The circuit wiring of power supply and SYN voltages is shown in Fig 2.4.
Notes:
1 The power supplies of WX-98F(T) and GR-3 are controlled by DTK at the manual /
DCS positions.
2 The circuits of I / II / III / IV are SYN voltages of object 1 / 2 / 3 / 4.

220V(+) 220V(-)

1 3
KK KK
2 4
DTK GR-3 DTK
MANU OFF DCS A1-1 A1-2 MANU OFF DCS
1 2 5 6

3 4 7 8

WX-98
G1-1 G1-2

GR-3
WX-98
A3-1
G1-4
A3-2 A2-3
I
A3-3
G1-5
A3-4 A2-4

G1-6
A3-13 A2-5
A3-14
II G1-7
A3-15 A2-6
A3-16

A4-1
A4-2
III
A4-3
A4-4

A4-13
A4-14
IV A4-15
A4-16

Fig.2.4 The circuit wiring of power supply and SYN voltages matched GR-3
2-4

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

3.2.2 The circuit wiring of choosing objects and SYN starting is shown in Fig 2.5.
Notes:
1 After the power supplies and SYN voltages are switched in, the SYN object will be
chosen by DCS1-1~DCS1-4 at remote mode or by 1TK~4TK at manual mode. Then
the SYN operating will start and send out the switching-in order at the adequate
SYN conditions.
2 No-V switching-in permission will be controlled by NU at remote mode or by WK
at manual mode(select TJJ QUIT at the same time) when the adequate No-V
switching-in conditions no matter the type of SYN objects.
3 All of the remote signals are short pulses.
4 If the phase angle difference of two SYN voltage is not 0because of the influence
of the Y/ wiring transformer, so the contacts of the SYN checking relay JJ should
be canceled in corresponding circuit of switch-in output.
GR-3 WX-98

DCS1-1
A1-3 A2-17 G3-1
1TK
2 1

DCS1-2 G3-2
A1-4 A2-18
2TK
2 1

DCS1-3
A1-5 A2-19 G3-3
3TK
2 1

DCS1-4
A1-6 A2-20 G3-4
4TK
2 1

NU
A1-7 A2-22 G3-19
WK
2 1


A1-10 A2-21 G3-18

DTK
MANU OFF DCS
17 18 A1-9

A2-24 G3-24
9 10 A1-12

11 12 TTK
2 1 G3-17
TJJ QUIT
DTK
MANU OFF DCS
13 14 G3-23

15 16

Fig 2.5 The circuit wiring of choosing objects and SYN starting

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

3.2.3 The circuit wiring of switching-in, +/- and V+/- is shown in Fig 2.6
Notes:
1The signals for switching-in and SYN check of WX-98F(T) must be connected to
GR-3 first. Then the final signal for switching-in will be outputted by GR-3 at the SYN
conditions passing master.
2The signals for +/- and V+/- will be effective only when the object type is generator.
3The circuits for+/- and V+/- need not be connected when the object type is line.

WX-98 GR-3
A3-5
G2-1 A2-7 A3-6 }Switch-in output
A3-7
G2-2 A2-8
A3-8
}
G2-4
A3-9 }
G2-3 A2-9
A3-10
V+ A3-11
}V+ output
G2-5 A2-10
A3-12
}V- output
V com
G2-6 A2-11
G2-8
V-
G2-7 A2-12 I ~ IV

A4-17

G2-9
Switch-in
A2-13 A4-18 }Switch-in output
A4-19
G2-10
Switch-in
A4-20
}
A2-14
A4-21
}
A4-22
G2-11 }V+ output
G2-12
}Alarm A4-23
A4-24
}V- output
G1-9

G1-10
}No power supply

Fig 2.6 The circuit wiring of switching-in, +/- and V+/-

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

3.2.4 The other circuit wirings


The circuit wiring of switching-in time measure is shown in Fig 2.7. 1DL~4DLare
the N.O. auxiliary contacts of breakers. The measured time will be shown on the screen of
WX-98F(T) to check the setting values.
GR-3 WX-98

Auxiliary contacts of breakers

1DL
A1-13 A2-23 G3-21

2DL
A1-14

3DL
A1-15

4DL
A1-16

A1-17 A2-22 G3-24


Switching-in time measure

Fig.2.7 The circuit wiring of switching-in time measure

3.2.5 The notes for operation sequences


1Remote operation (SYN-V switching-in )Set DTK to DCS position DCS be
connected to supply power DCS1-1~DCS1-4 be connected and holding (Choose
SYN object) Automatically start by device, +/- and V+/- (Generator type)
Send switching-in order from WX-98F(T) to GR-3 at the SYN conditions Output
the switching-in order from GR-3 Complete the SYN operation.
2Remote operation (NO-V switching-in )Set DTK to DCS position DCS be
connected to supply power NU be connected and holding (Choose NO-V SYN)
DCS1-1~DCS1-4 be connected and holding (Choose SYN object)
Automatically start by device Send switching-in order from WX-98F(T) to GR-3
at the SYN conditions Output the switching-in order from GR-3 Complete the
SYN operation.
(The remote signals are short pulses, DTK-17 to GR-3:A1-10 must be shorted and

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

the signal for remote reset must be effective.)


3Local operationSet DTK to M position, the switches and buttons will instead of the
DCSs contacts. The operation sequences will be similar to the sequences above.

3.3 The exemplar of WX-98F(T) multi objects circuit wiring matched YAC-2000
YAC-2000 Synchronization Intelligent Operator will be matched with WX-98F(T) when
the objects number is more than four to simplify further the connection and to reduce the
middle relay in periphery circuit and then reduce fault because of bad contact.
A single YAC-2000 may be used for eight SYN-objects, NO.1~NO.3 are used for
generator, the others NO.4~NO.8 all for power line. Two YAC-2000 operators may be
used for sixteen SYN-objects and so on.
Notes:
1All input control signals of YAC-2000 are dead contacts without electricity. Except
the P.S. of the synchronizer all output control signals of YAC-2000 are also dead
contacts without electricity. Thus the security and reliability of the equipment work
are guaranteed. By means of control signals, YAC-2000 control WX-98F(T) to
complete synchronizing paralleling work of generator or power line. The speed and
voltage adjustment and the switch-in output all by means of YAC-2000 without
transfer relays. Thus predigest connection greatly if more SYN-objects.
2Without manual operation in such hardware control work, if completed by DCS or
ECS system automatically. And each operating result may be back-checked in
control process.
3Such hardware control mode is also applicable for manual local operation.
4On background computer with menu display By means of RS485 interface to control
YAC-2000 operation to realize synchronizing paralleling of generator or power line.
Each operation step all get back-check signals in operation process. To permit next
step operation after affirm this operation step success. Thus the operation is very
security.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

YAC-2000 WX-98

SYN voltages

Object Select

Operating Control

Power Supply
RS-232 RS-232
Background Computer
RS-485

Fig.2.8 The circuit wiring of multi-objects SYN operation matched YAC-2000

3.4 SYN parameters setting and modifying


WX-98F(T) series microprocessor-based automatic accurate synchronization control
device can be connected to the portable back-end computer through USB connection cable
(provided with the device) as shown in Fig.2.9.
The setup and modification of all SYN parameters can be finished in the back-end
computer. The parameters cannot be changed from within the device, thus avoiding the
possibility of parameters mess up and mistake in operation.

Microprocessor-based automatic
accurate synchronization Computer
control duvice USB connection cable

Fig.2.9 The connection to computer for setting and modifying

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Chapter 3 Software Specification

1 Overview
The parameters configuration software of WX-98F(T) series microprocessor-based automatic accurate
synchronization control device is based on platforms such as WINDOWS9X, 2000, XP, NT. It provides
the functions of creating, modifying, saving, loading and printing of the synchro parameters.
User can run this program (Gorisyn.exe) and create a configuration file for the device. Each device
needs a configuration file.

2 Operation
GoriSyn program is used specially in WX-98F(T) for setting up 16 objects parameters. Each object has
29 parameters.

2.1 Startup
Fig.3.1 shows the user interface after GoriSyn startup. Each object parameters are initially set to default
value. User can modify all these parameters.

Fig.3.1 User Interface after start up

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

2.2. Parameter Modification


After selecting the object, user can modify its parameters. The definition of parameters is as follows:

Parameter 1:Unit Name


Unit Name is the number that identifies a specific object. It consists of 11 ASCII characters.

Parameter 2: Type
It is the object type and can be set as Generator or Line.

Parameter 3: Tpre
It is the time period from the point that the switch-in order is sent out to the point that the breakers
main contact closes. This parameter should be measured at real time. The value scope of the parameter
is 40ms~1000ms with the calibration of 10 ms. The device can only be used when this parameter is
properly set.

Parameter 4: Allowable differential U-lo,U-hi


It is the allowed maximum voltage difference (as input to WX-98F(T) device) between two sides of the
undergoing synchro switch-in connection. It can be positive or negative, and the positive value needs
not to be equal to the negative value. The less this parameter is, the less the reactive power impact is in
switch-in process, but the switch-in time may be lengthened accordingly. The value scope of the
parameter is -10V~+10V with the calibration of 0.1V. The typical value of voltages difference is
-3V~+3V. This parameter needs not to be modified unless for some special situation.

Parameter 5: Allowable differential F-lo,F-hi


It is the allowed maximum frequency difference (as input to WX-98F(T) device) between the two sides
of the breaker of the undergoing switch-in. It may be positive or negative and the positive value needs
not to be equal to the negative value. The less this parameter is, the more time of speed regulation the
switch-in process may take. The value scope of the parameter is -0.3Hz~+0.3Hz with the calibration of
0.01Hz. The typical value of frequency difference is -0.2Hz ~+0.2Hz. The parameters value needs not
to be modified unless for some special situation.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Parameter 6: Allowable Dfai


This parameter is invalid when the object type is generator unit.

Parameter 7: Coefficient kU(Bus side)


It is the factor used to compensate the amplitude change which is aroused by the transform of Y/. The
value can be set to 0.5~2. The typical value is 1.0. The value needs not to be modified if no transformer
wiring of /Y or Y/.

Parameter 8, 9: Umin And Umax (Bus side)


When the voltage in system is over the setting value, the device will send out alarm.

Parameter 10, 11: fmin And fmax(Bus side)


When the frequency in system is over the setting value, the device will send out alarm.

Parameter 12: Coefficient kU(Line side)


It is the factor used to compensate the voltage amplitude change at switched-in side which is aroused by
the transform of Y/ and the ratio of the voltage-raising transformer. The values can be set to 0.5~2.
The typical value is 1.0.

Parameter 13, 14: Umin And Umax(Line side)


They are similar to parameter 8 and 9.

Parameter 15, 16: fmin And fmax(Line side)


They are similar to parameter 10 and 11.

Parameter 17: Phase shift


There is a difference of phase angle between synchro voltage which is aroused because of the presence
of Y/ wiring transformer. The device can automatically compensate the difference of phase without
using a phase angle transformer. The value scope of the parameter is 180~+180 degree with the
calibration of 30 degree (Note: It will be negative for leading voltage and positive for lag voltage). The
typical value is 0 degree. The parameter values needs not to be modified if no change to the
transformers /Y or Y/ wiring.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Note: Phase compensation applied to both CPU should be kept equally. So a CPU is achieved by needle
plug according to the real value of another one.

Parameter 18: Period Tv(Voltage PID coefficient)


The scope of the value is from 1000 ms to 15000 ms.

Parameter 19-21: PID


It can be obtained from experiment. The scope of each parameter is from 0 to 99.

Parameter 22: Timeout Toad_v(min)


It can be obtained from experiment. The scope of each parameter is from 1 to 20min.

Parameter 23: Period Tf(Frequency PID coefficient)


The scope of the value is from 1000ms to 15000ms.

Parameter 24-26: PID


It can be obtained from experiment. The scope of each parameter is from 0 to 99.

Parameter 27: Timeout Toad_f(min)


It can be obtained from experiment. The scope of each parameter is from 1 to 20min.

Parameter 28: TOsync (Timeout)


It can be obtained from experiment. The scope of each parameter is from 3 to 200min.

Press SAVE key to save the change to the parameters.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

2.3. Loading object parameters


Loading object parameters can be completed through function in Communication menu.
Clicking Download Current menu item to load the chosen objects parameters
Clicking Download All menu item to load 16 objects parameters.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

3 Using of the device


3.1 Voltage difference setting
Sync voltage phase compensation: Figure 3-2 shows the generator after a "YN, d11"
transformer through the QF tie breaker. Be synchronized by the phase relationship between
the amount of voltage (generator side to take Uac) as shown in Table 3.1. When the
transformer connection as "YN, d1", the synchronous voltage (generator side when taking
Uab) in Table 3.2

Fig.3.2 The phase compensation for SYN voltage

Table 3.1 YN, d11 connection transformer, when the high voltage side circuit
breaker be taked to synchronize parallel, the voltage phase angle analysis
Transformer Phase
TV1 TV2 Description
connection angle
TV2 Phase voltage

U ac
0 One side is the line
UA
voltage, the other side is
YN,d11
TV2 open triangle the phase voltage
U ac 0
A phase voltage


U ac U AC -30 All are the line voltage

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Table 3.2 YN, d1 connection transformer, when the high voltage side circuit breaker
be taked to synchronize parallel, the voltage phase angle analysis
Transformer Phase
TV1 TV2 Description
connection angle
TV2 Phase voltage

U ab
0 One side is the line
UA
voltage, the other side is
YN,d1
TV2 open triangle the phase voltage
U ab 0
A phase voltage


U ab U AC +30 All are the line voltage

When multiple objects synchronize, the voltage phase compensation: When multiple
objects synchronize, taking into account the synchronization object has a different phase
compensation. So in this case, the synchronization object should take the phase angle are
0 . When used in conjunction with manual synchronization device, in order to balance the
voltage difference, the middle transformer 100V/57.7V can be used to achieve voltage
balance.

3.2 About the voltage difference setting


The software parameters 4 (closing allows the voltage difference), the parameter 7 (the
system side of the voltage setting coefficient), the parameter 12 (the voltage of waiting
parallel side setting coefficients) implement .
(1) When there is a transformer between two synchronous voltages, as shown in
Figure 3-2.
Parameter 4 can be taken: -3V U 3V, which +3V, -3V adjustable, such as
taking +4V, etc. (when a synchronization object for the "line", you can take 5V).
Parameter 7 (system side voltage setting coefficient) = 1.000
When the actual access to the phase voltage value,
the parameter 7 = 1.000 1.732 = 1.732.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Parameter 12 (the voltage of the waiting parallel side setting coefficient) setting
formula is:
the change ratio of the generator terminal TV
Parameter 12=the rated change ratio of the main transformer
the change ratio of the high-voltage side TV

such as the rated change ratio of the main transformer is 236KV/20KV, tap +2.5%;
the change ratio of the generator terminal TV is 20KV/100V; the change ratio of the
high-voltage side TV is 220KV/100V, then
2361 + 2.5%20 / 0.1
Parameter 12= =1.100
20 220 / 0.1

When the actual access to the phase voltage value,


the parameter 12=1.100 3 =1.904
(2) When there is not a transformer between two synchronous voltages, the main
transformer change ratio equal to 1, then:
Parameter 4: -3V U 3V, which +3V, -3V adjustable, (when a synchronization
object for the "line", you can take 5V).
Parameter 7 = 1.000
Parameter 12 = 1.000

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

4. Main menu interface


The device is equipped with a LCD screen to display the information such as SYN objects
and its parameters, and monitor the real-time SYN process as well. Its main function menu
interface is shown as Fig.3.3.Description of each function menu item is as follows:

Settings
Real-data
Records
Calibrating
Data&Time
Coefficient
2012/11/05
14:29:20
Fig.3.3 The device main function menu interface
1Settings: Including object number, lead-time, the allowed difference of the voltage and
frequency of switch-in; the value of upper limit and lower limit of the voltage and
frequency of the system and generator; voltage and frequency regulation cycle and
corresponding voltage and frequency regulation factors, phase angle compensation
of the SYN objects.
2Real-data: The value of the voltage and frequency, the difference of voltage, the
difference of frequency and the difference of phase in the system and generator in
the process of switch-in.
3Records: It will show lead-time, the value of voltage and frequency, the difference of
phase angle in the system and generator; the actual switch-in time of the breaker
when switch-in succeed. If switch-in fails user can check out the audit trail and
message.
4Calibrating: When calibrated according to the correct method, it will show
calibrating succeed, otherwise it will show calibrating error. Calibration should
be done by connecting the device with special telecommunication cable.
5 Data&Time: Use up/down key to choose date (year,month,day,hour,minute and
second), use left/right key to change time , then use "Confirm" to finish setting time
6Coefficient:It shows baud rate, voltage compensation factor and phase angle of the
SYN voltage in the device.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Chapter 4 Device Test

1. Calibration test
1Connect AC100V/50Hz standard signal source to the input terminal Us and Ug of the
device. Switch on the device.
2 Press Calibrate button to start the calibration (Note: The special communication
cable should be connected).
3 The screen will show the message of Calibration successful in about 5 seconds.

2. Loading Parameter test


1Connecting WX-98F(T) to the back-end computer via USB with communication
cable.
2Switching on the WX-98F(T).
3Starting Gorisyn program on the back-end computer.
4Setting the parameters for each SYN object.
For example: The settings of SYN parameter for object 1 may be as follows.
Unit Name #01
Type
Tpre 200ms
Allowable differential U-lo,U-hi -3V U 3V
Allowable differential F-lo,F-hi -0.25Hz f 0.25Hz
Coefficient kU(Bus side) 1
Umin (Bus side) 80V
Umax(Bus side) 115V
fmin (Bus side) 48.5Hz
fmax (Bus side) 51Hz
Phase shift 0
Coefficient kU(Line side) 1
Umin (Line side) 80V
Umax(Line side) 115V

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

fmin (Line side) 48.5Hz


fmax (Line side) 51Hz
Period Tv(Voltage PID coefficient) 6000ms
PID P=15I=0D=0
Timeout Toad_v 3min
Period Tf(Frequency PID coefficient)2000ms
PID P=15I=0D=0
Timeout Toad_f 3min
TOsync (Timeout) 5min
PT Rated Secondary Volt 100V

Other objects can be set similarly.


5Loading the parameters for a single object or all objects to WX-98F(T)

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Appendix 1 Outline of WX-98F(T)

TEST
TE
N
RU

ST


5V
24V
f+

f- s

- +
V+

V-
USB

s
GORI

Appendix 2 Installation holes size

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Appendix 3 Wave recording software

The voltage difference and paralleling command from the last synchronizing processes are
displayed. The tool makes the use of a separate recorder unnecessary.

At the end of commissioning, circuit breaker in Test position. The differential voltage and
the paralleling command should thereby be recorded using the transient recorder of the PC
Tool Wave recording software or using an external transient recorder. At the same time,
the synchronizing process should be observed using the synchronizing instruments in the
plant or, if these are not installed, using the synchronizing instruments in Wave recording
softwareRecord the synchronizing process.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Appendix 4 Monitoring software


SynView PC tool for local control: RS-232/485 (accessory).The monitoring software is the
appropriate aid for simple and fast commissioning of WX-98F(T) devices.
Parameter
All parameter settings are carried out with this. Helpful functions such as comparing
parameter files with device settings or the display of recommended setting values greatly
simplify commissioning and servicing work .
Actual values tool
A synchroscope, together with all the values important for paralleling, is displayed on the
user interface. These simplify function-testing of the synchronizing process if no
instruments are available.
Fault-/Event log tool
The events stored in WX-98F(T) are displayed in plain text with date and timestamp. This
greatly simplifies the localization of faults, e.g. wiring or control faults which sometimes
occur during commissioning.

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Gori Device WX-98F(T) microprocessor-based synchronizer user manual

Jiangsu Nanjing
GORI Automation Engineering Ltd COPYRIGHT
ADD: Rm.201,Compound Building, Changjiang Scientice and Technology Park, NO.97 Luxiying,
Nanjing

POSTALCODE: 210037 TEL.025-83641211 83323057


WEB:.jsgori.com FAX.025-83353991
E-mail: jsgori@163.com MARKET DEPARTMENT025-83551973

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