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- 1'2002

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:
1. Watson H.C., Milkins E.E., Deslandes J.V. Efficiency and emission of a hydrogen or meth-
ane fuelled spark-ignition engine // 15th FISITA Congress, Paris, 1974. paper B.1.9. 2.Furuhama
S., Yamane K. Combustion characteristics of hydrogen-fuelled spark ignition engine // Bul. ISAE.
1974. N6. P. 1-10. 3. Escher W.J.D. Survey and assesment of contemporary US hydrogen fu-
elled internal combustion engine projects // 10th Intersoc. Energy Conv. Eng. Conf. New-York.
1975. P. 1143-1155. 4. Furuhama S., Hiruma M., Enomoto Y. Development of a liquid hydrogen
car // 1st World Hydrogen Energy Conf. Proc. 1976. Vol.3. P. 6c-27-6c-58. 5. ..,
.., .. -
// . . - -
. 1987. .3. . 33-37. 6. .c. 1206458 , F 02 43/08.
/ .., ..,
.., .., .. 3772572/25-06; . 18.07.84; . 23.01.86, .
3. 2. 7. .. 1401958 , F 02 43/08.
/ .., .., .. 4107036/25-06; .18.08.86;
. 17.01.88, . 2. 3. 8. .., .., .. -
//

12002 25

. 1998..1. 3-4. . 141-145. 9. . 2006607 ,
F 02 43/08. /
.., .., .., .. 4707389/06; . 20.07.89; .
30.01.94, . 2. 3.

26 12002

622.75
.. , - . , .. , - . , .. , . . -
, .. , ., .. , .



.
-
.

-23
,
. -
. -
( ,
.)
AVL Cussons. -
-
-
3 -
, , -
. - 7450 Cussons. -


(
()
), NO. -
. , - -
() n = 2000

-1 , -
, n = 1500
() (),
-1.
().

, %
, %
0,4
0,4
0,35
0,35
0,3 0,3

0,25 0,25

0,2 0,2

0,15 0,15
0,1 0,1
0,05
%
0,05 %
0 , 0 ,
25 50 75 25 50 75

) n = 1500 -1 ) n = 2000 -1

. 1. :
- 25%Ne; - 50%Ne; - 75%Ne; - 90%Ne; - 100%Ne

12002 27

. 1, 2.
, ,
. -
, NO

(. 3). -
.

50%Ne 25%Ne n = 1500 -1.
(25% Ne)
. ,
NO -
,
- .
.
-
,
. -
- NO
( 2 )
( 7 - 9)
(. 3).
2000 -1 1500 -
1
.
-
, , . -
- NO .
- -
-
.
.3 , - .
-

. -

, % , %
60 60

50 50

40 40

30 30

20 20

NO,
10 ... NO,10...
1800 % 1800 %
0 , 0 ,
1600 25 50 75 1600 25 50 75
1400 1400
) n = 1500 -1 ) n = 2000 -1
1200 1200
. 2. -
:
1000 1000

800 - 25%N ; - 50%N ; - 75%N800


; - 90%N ; - 100%N
600 600
% %
400 , 400 ,
28 25 50 75
25 50 75
12002
) n = 1500 -1 ) n = 2000 -1
. 3. NO :
- 25%Ne; - 50%Ne; - 75%Ne; - 90%Ne; - 100%Ne

, , , , - , -
, .
- , -
. - , -
, - ,
. 4-6. .

, ,
700 700
650 650
600 600
550 550
500 500
450 450
400 400
350 350
300 % 300
%
250 , 250 ,
25 50 75 25 50 75

) n = 1500 -1 ) n = 2000 -1

.4.
:
- 25%Ne; - 50%Ne; - 75%Ne; - 90%Ne; - 100%Ne
Fi, ... Fi, ...
25 25
23 23
21 21
19 19

17 17

15 15

13 13

11 11
% %
9 , 9 ,
25 50 75 25 50 75

) n=1500 -1 ) n=2000 -1
. 5. :
- 25%Ne; - 50%Ne; - 75%Ne; - 90%Ne; - 100%Ne
- -
- ( 25% 33% ).
: 2. -
1.


( 9%)
(
( 18%). -
19% 20% ). - NO

12002 29

, ,
700 700

650 650
600 600
550 550
500 500
450 450
400 400
350 350
300 % 300 %
250 , ,
250
25 50 75
25 50 75
-1 -
) n = 1500 ) n = 2000
1
. 6.
:
- 25%Ne; - 50%Ne; - 75%Ne; - 90%Ne; - 100%Ne
( 23%). -
3. - ,
- . -
.
.
-

621.436.068

.. , . . , .. , . . , .. , .,
.. , ., .. , ., .. , .


.
, ,

() ,

(NOX),
, (NM),
30 12002

()
().



. 3 (1202120),
- ,
[1, 2].


.


100 , , . 1 2,
.
,

=20
=9,5 .
, NM , ( )
, 40 ,
.

.

12002 31

. 1. : . 2. :
(), 3,969 , 3,5
, 3 35 , 3
, 46 0,8
, , 15 , 75
, , 5 , ,
1 - ; 2 - ; 15
3 - ; 4 - , , 6,8
; 5 - ; 1 - ; 2 - ; 3 -
6 - ; 7 - ; 8 - ;
(); 4 - ; 5 - ; 6 -
9 - ;
7 - ; 8 - ; 9 - ; 10 -
;
11 -

,
G=10 3 N =1000 -1,
3,5 6 ,
5 ,
, .

3,84 , .. ,
, , ,
-238. , 3 600 ..,
0,6...0,8
3.

.
,
-, .

10, (. 2), .
9 ,

40,5300
,
.
[3].
-
,
, (-1) , 38
N=2600 -1, G=65 3; NOX
D=0,5 ,
-24
-22.
MAX=80...100 , ()
, -90.

2...3 . ,
(...), 3


;
,
2 . ...
, ,

32 12002


. Z13,5 .
,
2 .
... , , 38, NOX, .

,
4...8 /... ,
. 3.

. 3.
,

. 4. ,
3

N=2500 -1:
- ; :
- - ;

12002 33

- 34% (=0,96 -1).
,

3,
-
,

,
, 37.001.234-81
17.2.2.01-84.
2 /
, :

;
1. .. , .. , -
800...1000 -1 ,
., "", 1991 . 2. .. -
8 (. 4). , .. , .. ,



-
, 13- , -
, : . . .
(/...): .-.-, : , 2000,
G=7,4; .19., .179-183. 3. .. ,
GN=13,4;
G=1,5.
.. .
, , " ",
1987 .

530.17+536.7+541.8(11)
.. , - . , .. , ., .. , - . ,
.. , .

()
, - -
.
-
- , , -

() ( , ,
.
, .). ,
, - -
. , -
-

34 12002

. - N-
- T, p
, -
. { xi0 } (
). -
- , ,
, N
- x 0
i = 1. (3)
. i =1

-
N- T, p { xi0 }
(- (,
vm). - + ), -
T, p , -
{x}, = 1, 2,, N1 vm - . -
(, ,
pm ( m , T , { x } ) p = 0 , (1) ) -
, - .
(LV) , -
.

( )
pm vmL , T ,{ xL } p = 0;
(LV)
(
m m { } )
p vV , T , xV p = 0;
L- V- { xiL } , { xiV }

( L
) (
L V
)
1 vm , T ,{ x } 1 vm , T ,{ x } = 0;
V
(2) nV ( -
), ..
...............................................
2N + 3 . ,
( L
) L
(
N vm , T ,{ x } N vm , T ,{ x } = 0,
V
) V
, -

pm - , -
i , i = 1, 2, ...N - ,
i
() [1]. (2) - N L- V- , -
(3), { xiL } { xiV } ,
. N- N1 -
[2], nV
- ( ):
( N1
nV ( xiV xiL ) = xi0 xiL , i = 1,...N . (4)
L- V-) -
N2 -
- . -
, (2), 2N+3
T, p.
- [1].
T, p (4)
N1 {x} (- (3) -
) , (2)
xiV = xi0 (1 nV ) xiL nV , i = 1, ...N . (5)
nV = 0 nV = 1
. . , -
12002 35

L- V- N
xi0 ( K i 1)
f (n V ) =0 . (10)
N+3 i =1 n V ( K i 1) + 1
{K i } ,
( )
p T , L ,{ xiL } p = 0;

(10)
( )
p T , V , xV p = 0;
{i} ( n V ) , , f ( n V )

(6) -
( ) ( )
T , L , x L T , V , xV = 0, i = 1, ...N ;
i { i} i {i} . { Ki (0) }
N N
xiL = xiV {K i } (10) -
i =1 i =1 n (0) V
. -
N+3 (L, V, { xiL } , nV) [2, 3] -
(3). :
(6) xiV - K i (0) = pis p , (11)
, pi i-
s

(5). .
( { pis } -
) { xiV } , T -
N + 3 - (LV)
(2N + 3)-. . -
-
(6) -
: , -
, , pis (T )
, . , ,
-
-:
, - Pci exp As + Bs Tri + C ln Tri + DsTri6 +
-

. pi = + i ( Es + Fs Tri + Gs ln Tri + H sTri6 ) , Tri 1;
s


Pci 1 + ( 5,824 + 4,83 i ) (Tri 1) , Tri > 1,

[1]. (12)
(6) Tri = T Tci -
; Tci i- -
(0) , (0) , xi (0) , xi (0) , n(0)
L V L V V
; Pci i-
2N+3 , ; As ,K , H s
. - i

[4].
Ki:

K i = xiV xiL , i = 1,..., N . (7)
Tr > 1 -
- (
(4) (12)), .
xiL = xi0 1 + n V ( K i 1) , i = 1,..., N (8) (11) (12) -
, ,
xiV = K i xiL = K i xi0 1 + n V ( K i 1) , i = 1,..., N. (9) {K i (0) } . -
(8) (9) - -
(6), : :
36 12002

1) () -
n(0) V
;
(10) {xi0 } f (0) 0 ,
{K i (0) } ; f (1) 0 .
2) (13) (14)
L- V- { xiL(0) }, { xiV(0) }
-
(8) (9) -
{ xi0 } . f ( n V )
n(0)
V
{K i (0) } ;
-
3)
L- V- (0) L
, (0)
V
, {K i (0) } , ,
- f ( n V ) -
(6): 0 1: f(0)(0) f(0)(1). -
p (T , (0)
L
,{ xiL(0) }) p = 0 ; (13)
(6) -
(
p T , (0)
V
)
,{ xiV(0) } p = 0 (14)
{ xiL } , { xiV } ,

, {K i } :
{xiL(0) }, {xiV(0) } . f (0) f (1) ..

-
( (00)
L
, (00)
V
) (0)L (0)V (13) -
(14) , : , -
- , -
, . -
- .
-
(6) ,
. - -
2N + 3 - -
-
. , , :
, - 1)
(, , 1000
) - , -
;
2) ()
-
- 0 1000 , 5000
. (-
f ( n V ) , ) .
(10), , -
- -
f ( n V ) - -
0 n V 1 . , -
(6). f ( n V ) - . [5] -
, -
, .. f (0) f (1) < 0 -
.
, (10) - -
. f (0) f (1) 0
12002 37

, -
: (), - ,
, , ( -
. . 1 . 2).
1. -
m , E , H m , H E, Sm , C pm , m103, T m10,3

c 3
1/ 1/
3
T = 105 K
CH4 431,37 308,60 4,729 3,254 2,882 1,976
1 446,75 0,221 306,06 31,90 4,709 3,122 2,861 1,900
2 446,76 0,218 313,43 26,96 4,692 3,080 2,811 1,838
3 451,20 0,237 305,28 42,49 4,689 3,085 2,854 1,882
4 449,37 0,250 306,96 36,64 4,696 3,093 2,845 1,875
5 451,19 0,233 312,59 37,49 4,673 3,044 2,804 1,821
6 449,35 0,245 314,27 31,57 4,680 3,053 2,796 1,814
7 453,80 0,266 306,18 47,20 4,676 3,056 2,838 1,858
8 453,76 0,259 313,44 42,06 4,660 3,017 2,789 1,799
9 449,78 0,262 308,51 36,36 4,693 3,082 2,837 1,861
10 454,22 0,278 307,71 46,89 4,674 3,045 2,830 1,844
11 452,37 0,290 309,39 41,00 4,681 3,054 2,822 1,837
12 456,79 0,304 308,60 51,49 4,661 3,081 2,814 1,821
T = 112 K
CH4 422,07 285,46 4,942 3,368 3,344 2,236
1 437,19 0,277 283,72 27,43 4,914 3,240 3,292 2,148
2 437,38 0,255 291,32 19,32 4,895 3,213 3,228 2,074
3 441,57 0,295 283,18 36,90 4,892 3,207 3,280 2,128
4 439,82 0,309 284,82 30,72 4,899 3,212 3,268 2,119
5 441,74 0,271 290,72 28,75 4,873 3,181 3,217 2,055
6 439,98 0,284 292,36 22,56 4,881 3,186 3,205 2,047
7 444,19 0,326 284,27 40,19 4,877 3,179 3,256 2,099
8 444,32 0,299 291,75 32,00 4,859 3,154 3,194 2,09
9 440,25 0,322 286,42 29,80 4,896 3,206 3,256 2,102
10 444,61 0,339 285,86 39,24 4,875 3,174 3,245 2,083
11 442,84 0,352 287,49 33,05 4,882 3,178 3,233 2,075
12 447,20 0,368 286,92 42,50 4,860 3,147 3,222 2,056
T = 120 K
CH4 410,27 257,62 5,181 3,573 3,769 2,619
1 425,23 0,470 256,87 18,00 5,145 3,435 3,688 2,515
2 425,66 0,370 264,64 10,48 5,124 3,419 3,609 2,422
3 429,54 0,491 256,58 26,78 5,121 3,404 3,673 2,491
4 427,90 0,507 258,21 20,05 5,128 3,406 3,656 2,479
5 429,94 0,388 264,29 19,24 5,100 3,388 3,594 2,399
6 428,29 0,404 265,91 12,56 5,108 3,390 3,578 2,388
7 432,19 0,527 257,91 28,85 5,104 3,375 3,641 2,455
8 432,56 0,421 265,55 21,35 5,084 3,360 3,564 2,366
9 428,34 0,522 259,83 18,77 5,125 3,403 3,641 2,459
38 12002

10 432,63 0,542 259,52 27,54 5,101 3,373 3,626 2,435
11 430,98 0,558 261,13 20,84 5,109 3,375 3,610 2,424
12 434,25 0,576 260,81 29,64 5,085 3,345 3,596 2,401
. 1 m , Hm - , 0,1 %.
, Sm , Cpm - (
, m - -
, m - )
. , - -
, .

2. -
, %
C1 C2 C3 N2 CO2

1 95 3 2
2 95 4 1
3 94,5 3 2 0,5
4 94,5 3 0,5 2
5 94,5 4 1 0,5
6 94,5 4 0,5 1
7 94 3 0,5 2 0,5
8 94 4 0,5 1 0,5
9 94 4 2
10 93,5 4 2 0,5
11 93,5 4 0,5 2
12 93 4 0,5 2 0,5

, - ;
;
-
. .

-
. , , -
, -
; - -
- , -
; - . , -
,
, , , - -
- ,
;
12002 39

, 45 % . - .: , 1984. - 264
, . 3. . -
. : 2- . - .: , 1989.
- 304 . (.1), 360 . (.2). 4. .,
: ., . -
1. .. - . - .: , 1982. - 592 . 5.
. - : .., .. -
, 1999. - 212 . 2. .., - //
.. - . . - 1998. - . 1, 1.
- - . 132-138.

40 12002

621.43 421.001.24
.. , ., .. , .

- -
-
- -
.
, -
-
h=1,2 , -
- -
(). - - =2,0 .

d=8.
=3,5/ [1].
, -
-
, .. n=1000, 3000 4500 -1.
- ,
.
, -
-76. -
-
, -
.
- . -

- L=150 -
-4 - . -
Vh=460 3, - .

34
12002

. 1. - . 2. -
-76 -76
n=1000 -1: ) g=8,82 /; n=3000 -1: ) g=8,09 /; ) g=14,7

12002 35

.
R0

. 4.


60 90
.


.
R2
R3
500 700 .
. 3. -
-76
n=4500 -1: ) g=7,84 /; ) R0
n=3000 -1
60 90
.

R0, R2,
R3 , - .
S0,
S2 S3 (. 1-3). -
- 600 700 .
, n=4500 -1
, 90
- .
. -
-
d700 .
.. [2].

-
, d=
, -
90.
(D32).
D32
. 1 3


,

(.4).
n=1000-1
=2,0
36 12002


. :
,
1. ..


- ,
//
. : ,
, 2001. . 2. . 44-51. 2. ..
,

. .: ,
1963. 179.
.
D32,
600

550

500

450

400

350
0 10 20 30 40 50
g, /
n=1000 -1 n=3000-1 n=4500-1

12002 37

621.436-242-713.2.001.5
.. , - . , .. , ., .. , .

- 80 890 14
- 90 890 10,5
. 100 890 8
- 110 890 6
, . 70 905 27
80 905 19
-10 90 905 16
. - 100 905 10
- 110 905 6
70 1055,2 14,2
, 80 1045,2 11,9
. - -301 90 1035,2 10,1
100 1025,2 8,7
- 110 1015,1 7,6

, - 412/14 (n=2000 -1)
- -
.
,
96

.
-
64
R5

36

. -
-
- 6
.

, . 1.

1.
t, , /3 106, 2/
4
-8 70 890 19

36 12002

. 1.

,
.

.1.
-

2 ( p p0 )
= , (1)

;
0 ;
.

d 2
V= , (2)
4
d .

[1]
d 3 p 0,56 0,2
V = 1, 25 0,76 0,56 0,31 , (3)
S ( l ) n

12002 37

;
, -10 S ;
/(2*) l -
1600
.
1500
1400
1300
1200 V
1100 =
V
1000
=0,20,5
900
800 0,28 0,4, -
700 -
100 200 300 400 500 600 p ,
[2].
, -8 -
/ ( 2 * )
[3]
1500
V0,5 0,5
1400 = 26 , (4)
0,2 f
1300

1200 V -
1100 , /;
1000 ;
900 f -
800 ;
700 -
100 200 300 400 500 600 p ,
.
-301 . 2.
,
/(2*) ,
1500

1400
1300
1200 ( (4)),
1100 . ,
1000
-
900
,
800
100 200 300 400 500 600 p , -
.
. 2, -
t=110 C t=100 C t=90 C
10 -
t=80 C t=70 C
1012
. 2. %.
, -

-
d
38 12002

. 1988. 2. . 48-51. 2.
- .., .., ..
. -
/ -
: . 1984. 12. . 16-18. 3. ..
1. .., .. . .: ,
1977. 216 .
/ -

12002 39

621.436-242.3
.. , - . , .. , . . , .. , .,
.. , ., .. , .


6.
, ()
:
""

- -

- - -
. 1.
PN
: (. 2).
- , N=800 -
1
()
;
- (PN 0),
,
; ,
- .


(). ,
.


, ,


- .
8001500 -1.
( PN) ,
N=800 -1
N=2200, 1500, 800 -1, ,

38 12002

,

,
,
.
,
(. 3).
.

25 38

. 2. PN


, ,
. 4, , .
-
, ( 1).

- 23
,
(. 1). 2 (. 1)
.

12002 39


N=800 -1


N=800 -1
. 3. . 4.

:
;
;
- ;

40 12002

621.43 + 629.113

.. , . .


- ;
-
- , -
, -
. -
, , - .
, -
- , , -
- -
, - -
, - -
. -
. 30 . -
, -
- -
- .
- -
, ,
- ,

. -
. , -
- , , ,
-
- - .
-

- [1] -
-
-
.
,
-
-
,
[2].
, -
-

-
.
:
, -
, -


, :
. -



,

, .

,
.
-
-
12002 41

, - -
-
. - [2].
- -
- , -
, -
- . -
.
-
-
- -

.
-

. - .
: - -
, ; - , -
, .
. - , -
: - -
- (, -
; , - )
,
- .
, - -
. , - -
- -
. - -
.
, -
, , -
, , d j d 2 j 2 j
Fi j ; C ; t ; ; 2 ;...; xi ; ; ;...; f ( dx ) = 0
; , -
dt dt xi xi xm

, -
1 i n; 1 k ; mN,
. -
(1)
-
- xi , t , - -
; C -
, , -
- , -
, -
. 1 ( t , x, C ) , 2 ( t , x, C ) , -
- .
, -
- -
- , -
- (1) -
42 12002

, - -
.
-
[3]
j
Fi = fi ( j ; C ) = 0 , fi
dt .
. -
(1) , -

, fi . -
- ,
j

U : . -
V ( j ; C ) -
fi = (2) (
j
): , , -

10:1 ,
(
- ). -
(, - . -
, , , - :
, = w + m + p , (3)
), [2] w ,
. m , - .
, - -
, -
-
w, m, .
, -
- , ;
. .
- -

-
, -
M 2 [5]. -
.
W0 = W + W dM
W W - = max {c w M M 2 , M 2 } , (4)
dt
: , - .
Wk = 1 M ij x&i x& j - (2): w = + m + p ; p = c p ,
2
-;
&i ;
m = cmax V ( ) ,
W = V ( x, C ) - ,
- , V()
. . V()
, m , V (0) = 0, V ( ) 1 ;
W = 0 ; W = V ( x, C ) - dV d 2V
0; 0 0 .
, d d 2
M = mSm , m
: V = 0;Vij M k , k = 0, det Vij = 0 .
(/2 ), Sm -
- . , , -
- Sm=SW(M), S
-

12002 43

( -
). W(M) - S= . (7)
cmV

- , -
= 0 D1
.
D2: D1 -
, W(0)=1, 1,
W(M) 0 ; D2 -
dW d 2W 1.
< 0, >0
dM dM 2 L2 = D1 I D2 1.
M 0 . - -
D1 (. 1). L2
(4) - ( 2, 1 L)
: :
dM
= max {cM ( c f cm SV W ( M )), M 2 } ,(5)
dt f ( , S , M ) = 0

cm = mcmax , c f = c p + / c . (8)
- df ( , S , M ) = 0
dM
-
, . f ( , S , M ) , (6).
- S = g( ),
S - g( ) . -
. ,
, g( ) , .., L1 -
0 (, S), - cmV
S. D1. L3 -
dM L S = 0
0(, S) =0; S (8) :
dt
, S, M - dW
= cf M W . (9)
- dM
(.1). S - ,
. 0, -
, -
. dW
( , S ) = c f , g ( ) L
, dM = 0
0, S 0, M 0 [4] . 2.
<0 (. 1 ). ,
V, W ,
> min , min


S= , [0, ] .
cmV
,
. -
, 2 -
.1.
L1 : S > -
=1 2 cmV


2 , S < - .
F ( , S , M ) = cM ( c f M cm S V W ) = 0 cmV
, : 1
= 1 U 2 , 1 , - dW
< cp M W ( )
(, S, ) : dM
f ( , S , M ) = c f M cm S V W ) = 0 , (6) . . 2 -
2 = 0 ( S). 1 2.
L1 1 dM
-
2 (4), =0: dt
44 12002

(, S, M). G1 G2 G3 G4 (. 2).
123 1, D3 -
2, L1 S, - :
.
- V ( ) = , W ( M ) = e M , (10)
S +
. G = (, S, , - . L1, L2,
M), , L3 :
2 , G = G0 = (0, S0, M0). 1
S0 > S . - S = ( + ) , (11)
cm
, -
, G 2 - cf c f 1
S= 1 + e , (12)
. , cm
(7),
G1 L1( =1) , 1
= cf M + . (13)
,
D3. L 1 L2;
, G cf + cf
( , S ) = , c .
G2, - m

1 ( 1,
- , S:
). 1 = cm S , (14)
G2 , D D . % , S% D ,
3 1 ( ) 3 S , -
-
% (% ) < % , .. c SV
cm SV % (% ) = % -
m .
( 0,1) . -
(6) (10), (11). 3 , -
( M ) = c f M cm S% V (% ) W ( M ) = -
= % (1 W ( M ) c f M , (12). , -
(10) - (14) -
( 0 ) = (1 ) > 0 , ( M ) < 0 - -
, , .
( )
M% > 0 , M% = 0 . S

( ) ( )
, % , S% , M 1 , .. % , S% D1 . -
( (7) (9). -
G -

-
-
, . .
.
(-
(5),
).
-
(..
(
), G
). , -
1 ,

L G3 ,
[5].


G4, 2. -
-
-
. -
=3. -
, -
3 1 ( D3 D1 ), -
V() W(); (10)
.

S.

-
-

12002 45

. 2. -

,
. - . ,
,
- - , -
, - .

. -
- , -

. - - ( -
, - ),
()[5]. -
-
.

. :
1. ., . -
- , -
- . -., , 1973.-280. 2. ..
- . - : -
, ., , 1985.-254. 3. .. -
.
/ . -
, : , 2001, . 15-16. -. 43-45
. 4. .. -
-
- , / -
, . .. .-: . , 2001,
. 7-8. -. 163-165. 5. ..,
. , ..
, - / . -
, : ., 2000.-128.

46 12002

621.43
.. , ., .. , - .

1

.
, -
,
-
[1, 2, 3]. 1
- dP.. = (dQT dV. . ) , (1)
V. .
-
. - -
3 ; V.. - ; dQ -
( ) (.1), - ;
- dV..- -
. ,
dt.

-

d
dQT = . . S. . U T
, (2)
6n
. . -
; S..-
; U T - ; d -
dt ; n -
.
C -
-

P
UT = 2 , (3)
T
P -
( P = P0 + T gH P.. ); T - ; Po -
; H -
; P..- -
.
. 1. -
: 1-; 2-; 3- ;
4- ; 5- ; ( , P..
6- ; 7- -
; 8- - P..)
; 9-; 10-; 11- ; P. .(i +1 ) = P. .(i) + dP. .(i +1 ) (4)
h ; h1 -
; H- -
(H=h+h1) , -
, -
.
,
-
-
. -
2 : dV. . = ( F. F. )dh , (5)
;

12002 45

F - - -
; F. - ; .
dh - dt .
-
-

kP..(i)
dP..(i) = dQT.(i) (6)
Q..(i)
k - ;
Q..(i) - i -
; dQT(i) - -
, i - .

. 2. -

i =n
Q..(i) = ( F. F. )h Q(i) , (7) n = 3000 -1 (
i =1 ; )
i=n
Q
i =1
T(i) - , -


i = 1...n .

-
-

-
(.2)
2432 (.3). -
. 3. -
- -
. :( ; )

-
20 38 ( 1756 - 52).
-
- :
n 1. ..
=1000 5000 -1 (. 2 3). -
- // :
- .
n = 3000 -1 . 59. , , 1999. . 53 -
4,4%. 58. 2. ..
-
( ) .
10% // -
n =1000 3500 . -
-1. . ,
, -2001. .51 - 60. 3. -
, - .
- 2068110, 6F02M 41/00, 37/14,
. 37/18. .., ..,
- .., .., .., ..,
- .., .., .. .
20.10.96., . 29.
, -

46 12002

621.436-242-713.2.001.5
.. , - . , .. , .

, L
. , z

, , -
, s
. , -
, - , - -
, - .
() - , ,
-
, -

. .
-
. ,

-
.

, -

-
. -

, , -
, -

-

.
. -
-
,
26/27
-
, -
-
, (
.
+ ) (.1).

.
-
[1]. -
-
,
:
ch K m (1 )
t t = ( t t ) ,
ch K m

z L t t
= , K m = = arch ,
L s / t t
t , t
, t - . 1.
, t -

12002 47

,
.
.2
. s -
-
.
s
-
y z . -

,
, -
. . 2.
-
-

, ANSYS, Design Space .. .

,
- .
. - (S2)
[2] 1520 . -
- -
, 40 2025 .
-
14 .

- () ,
.
, -
5060%. ,
,
,


=710. -
( ).
-
. ,
, -
, .
-
f,

.
-

1 (.3).
, -
, -
. ,

47
12002

, -
(1).
. , -
,
f = 0,02 10%, .. -
. -
-
N -
:
(.2).
s v
, N (z z) = 0,5 D f , (2)
=
N f D .
, -
N
(1) (2)
, , v . -
. .4 6. ,

R=100000 -
4,37 . =
0,02 (
, -
) -
-

.

. 3.

-
-
, 710 - . 4.


f / f = (710)
s v (7...10)
= +
'
(1)
N f

48
12002

) ) )
. 5. :
) R=50000 ; ) R = 100000 ; ) R = 150000

. 6. ,

12002 49

, . -
-
- . -
[1] -
. - - Design Space MatCad, -
- -
, -
, .
, -
- - :
. 1. .
, .., ., , 1973,
- 88. 2. , . -
, - . 2- . .2. . .. -
- . . . .: -
. - , 1979. 358., .

621.436.052

.. , - . , .. , . . , .. , .,
.. , .

, ,
.
() -
. -
.
. 1 K = f (Gnp ,U np ) -
() : () - (N )
() - ( ).
-
.
-
[1] ,
U 2 = 0,7...1,0,
, , , -
, -
:

50 12002

2,22
K 1 K 1
G np 0,37 + KK KK 1
G = = K 1
K 1
. (1)
G np0 0,37 + KK
0 K
K0 1
[2]:

1.

n
Gn
Ky = 1 . (2)

p
G
p

n -
.
m - = f (G ) -
, n p .
:
Gn
Ky = 1 . (3)
Gp
N , K=3,04,0, -
K = f(Gnp) ,
Kn Kp.
, ,
(2) (3) 10%- Kn
Kp. ,
, , -
(2) (3), :
K y (2) + 1 K Gnp Gnp K Gnp
= E A
= E A
. (4)
K y (3) + 1 GnpE K A GnpA K Gnp
A E

12002 47

(1) , , K = K (4) : A

K 1 2,22 K 1

K y (2) + 1 K 0,37 + KKA KK 1
= E
K 1 A
K 1
. (5)
K y (3) + 1 K 0,37 + KK
A
E K
KE 1
(5) , K =3,0 5%- K K , A E A

K K y (2) + 1
.. E
=1,05 =0,9995, K =4,0 - 0,9983.
K A
K y (3) + 1 A

10%- K E
K K =3,0 1,0007,
A A

K =4,0 - 1,0041.
A

, (2) (3),
-
(3).
, , N
m :
GA
1
K yN G
= (6)
K yM G
1
G

K yN + 1 GA G
= . (7)
K yM + 1 G G
(1)
K 1 2,22 K 1

K yN + 1 GA 0,37 + KKA KK 1
= A
. (8)
K yM + 1 G K 1
K
K 1

0,37 + KE K
KE 1
, -
K yN + 1
1,
K yM + 1
K yN + 1
N, >1 - m.
K yM + 1
-
G p Gn
Gmin = -
Gn
, , ..:
Gmin K y . N
(9)
-
, -
m :
K 1 2,22 K 1

GA 0,37 + KKB KK 1
Gmin ( K y + 1) = B
1. (10)
G K 1

K 1

0,37 + K A 1
K K
KA

,
48 12002

-

.
:
1. .. -
//.-1981.-4.-.28-30. 2. .
.. , .. , .. , .. .-.//.-1975.-20.

12002 49

621.436-242-713.2.001.5
.. , - . , .. , .

, -
.
, s

, , -
, - -
. .
, - , ,
, - , -
() -
-
.
-
. ,

. .
, -
-
-



, -
. -
-
, , -
.

-

26/27
. -
, -
,
, (
-
+ ) (.1).
-
.

.
-
[1]. -
-
,
:
ch K m (1 )
t t = ( t t ) ,
ch K m

z L t t
= , K m = = arch ,
L s / t t
. 1.
t , t
, t - ,
, t - .
, L
, z
50 12002

.2
. s -
-
.
s
-
y z . -

,
, -
.
-
-
. 2.
, ANSYS, Design Space ..


- .
. -
,
- .
, 40 (S2)
[2] 1520 . -
14 . -
- 2025 .
. -
, -
() ,
,

5060%. ,

( ). ,

=710. -

-
. ,
, -
, .
-
f,

.
-

1 (.3).
, -
, -
. ,

12002 51

, -
(1).
. , -
,
f = 0,02 10%, .. -
. -
-
N -
:
(.2).
s v
, N (z z) = 0,5 D f , (2)
=
N f D .
, -
N
(1) (2)
, , v . -
. .4 6. ,

R=100000 -
4,37 . =
0,02 (
, -
) -
-

.

. 3.

-
-
, 710 - . 4.


f / f = (710)
s v (7...10)
= +
'
(1)
N f

52 12002

) ) )
. 5. :
) R=50000 ; ) R = 100000 ; ) R = 150000

. 6. ,

12002 53

, . -
-
- . -
[1] -
. - - Design Space MatCad, -
- -
, -
, .
, -
- - :
. 1. .
, .., ., , 1973,
- 88. 2. , . -
, - . 2- . .2. . .. -
- . . . .: -
. - , 1979. 358., .

621.436.052

.. , - . , .. , . . , .. , .,
.. , .

54 12002

, ,
.
() -
. -
.
. 1 K = f (Gnp ,U np ) -
() : () - (N )
() - ( ).
-
.
-
[1] ,
U 2 = 0,7...1,0,
, , , -
, -
:
2,22
K 1 K 1
G np 0,37 + KK KK 1
G = = K 1
K 1
. (1)
G np0 0,37 + KK
0 KK 1
0

[2]:

1.

n
Gn
Ky = 1 . (2)

p
G
p

n -
.
m - = f (G ) -

12002 51

, n p .
:
Gn
Ky = 1 . (3)
Gp
N , K=3,04,0, -
K = f(Gnp) , -
Kn Kp.
, ,
(2) (3) 10%- Kn
Kp. ,
, , -
(2) (3), :
K y (2) + 1 K Gnp Gnp K Gnp
= E A
= E A
. (4)
K y (3) + 1 GnpE K A GnpA K Gnp
A E

(1) , , K = K (4) :
A

K 1 2,22 K 1

K y (2) + 1 K 0,37 + KKA KK 1
= E
K 1 K 1
A
. (5)
K y (3) + 1 K 0,37 + KK
A
E K
KE 1
(5) , K =3,0 5%- K K ,
A E A

K K y (2) + 1
.. E
=1,05 =0,9995, K =4,0 - 0,9983.
K A
K y (3) + 1 A

10%- K E
K K =3,0 1,0007,
A A

K =4,0 - 1,0041.
A

, (2) (3),
-
(3).
, , N
m :
GA
1
K yN G
= (6)
K yM G
1
G

K yN + 1 GA G
= . (7)
K yM + 1 G G
(1)
K 1 2,22 K 1

K yN + 1 GA 0,37 + KKA KK 1
= A
. (8)
K yM + 1 G K 1
K
K 1

0,37 + K E 1
K
KE

, -
K yN + 1
1,
K yM + 1

52 12002

K yN + 1
N, >1 - m.
K yM + 1
-
G p Gn
Gmin = -
Gn
, , ..:
Gmin K y . N
(9)
-
, -
m :
K 1 2,22 K 1

GA 0,37 + KKB KK 1
Gmin ( K y + 1) = B
1. (10)
G K 1

K 1

0,37 + K
K
A K
KA 1
,
-

.
:
1. .. -
//.-1981.-4.-.28-30. 2. .
.. , .. , .. , .. .-.//.-1975.-20.

12002 53

621.436.001.24
.. , . .
-
-

, . ,
, - , ,
(m) - , -
(n), -
.
.
5, 6, -
, - - ,
. , -
-
, - 4-1, -
, - - .
' -
, ' - 1,17...1,2,
- 1,37.
. 1 ..
. , -
. , -
, -
6-2,
, - m=1,19 =1,37. , -
, , - -
, 10...11. qn,
- ,
, - .
14

10

760, 80, 90, 1 0,

. 1. qn 6-2

.. , - D 0,38 T
m qn = b Cm0,5 () ( Pe ge 103 )0,88 , (1)
P T0
.
[1] - b - , -
: 10,202;
K K -
;

54 12002

m - , /; , (1) ,
D - , ; 1,13636

- , ;
PKM vm qnM
g - , /; = 0, 2896 . (6)
0 - m 0,5 D 0,38
(0 = 293). b CmM ( P )
- KM
: (6) (4), :
1,13636
N e nH
Km = M , (2)
N eH nM nM eM qnM
N eM = 48,3 Vh . (7)
- KM 0,5 D 0,38
b C mM ( )
- PK M

.
-

:
max [2]: 1,13636
Vh K M v
N eM = k j n M e , (), (3) eM qnM
nH
K m = 48,3 Vh . (8)
=0,02448, j=2 - - N eM TK M 0,5 D 0,38
b C mM ( )
; PK M
Vh - ' , ; nH , N eM qn m
- , /3; ,
v - ; 0, :
e - ; e ( P )0,38
1,13636

- ; Km = m M . (9)
K m 0 T K (n M )0,5
n - , .-1.
: ,
(9), :
9, 81 105 P 1
= ,
RT 1
1+

- , . T
, T =
= 1
,
T 0
V pK v
0 1
N eM = 1, 668 10 2 h M M n M eM . (4) 1+
TK M 0

P v -

- .

, - 0 ,
(1) , T :
62, 38 N e 1
Pe = (). (5)
Vh n 1 +
T =
1
0
.
(4) (5)

1 + 0
10, 405 103 PK M vM 0
PeM = eM .
TK M , :
PK K M PaM
.. : P KM = M = ,
TK PK vM PKM 0 K M 0 PaM 0
PeM g eM 103 M = 0, 0355 M g eM eM . - .
293 M
-
,
Hu=42947,5 / g eM eM 83,85

/ [2].
P .
,
TK M PK M vM , -
PeM g eM 103 = 2,976 .
293 M

12002 55

K 1
, K M =1,0. -
e ( KK 1 + K )
Km =
K 1
0
( K M )0,4318 ( K n )0,5682 . (10) K M >1,0 : -
KK 1 + K
0 0 , , ,
, K m n, m ( K M 20%
e . m 3%) , -,

, -
=0,8, -
0 ,
- - .
max 0,800,82.
. 2
K m = f ( K n , K M )
. , -
(10) -
K m
KM n KM 9 =1,5; 2,0 2,5.
KM 9 =2,5.
, -
,
. ,
m
,
.
,
, -
.
m -

. . 2 ,
m 6-2 -
. , m
40% m ,
16%. - . 2. -
K M n
m . e =1,0 q n =1,0 ( -
,
6-2 )
K M
, , K M =1,0
. -
n
-
.
.
n , 30% -
-
. K M =1,0
6-2 -
(1023...1073) . 40%.
,
', (,
- ). . 3
. 6-2
, . 2, - -
- -
n - . , -

56 12002

-

.
n 1,55.

, m , ,
max (~ 1%)
n=1,75 ,
, n=1,37. max. ,
- -
- ,
1,19 1,36. -
, ,
. -
,
.
,
,

.
, -
-
, ,

( m n) , -
[3], -
-
,
, -
'
.
, ,
. -
-
-
-

. -
,
,
. 3. 6-2 -
' : - .
; -
, (i - -
; tr - ) :
1. : , .
, . 2, , - .. , .. , .. -
n 1,37 1,75, 28%, : , 1977. - 480 . 2. ..
-
K M =1,0 m 15%, - , - .: , 1963 - 640 .
. 3. -
- 2- -
6 -
[4].

- / .., .., .., -
.., .., .. -
,
- "",- .
, - , 2001. - . I. - . 131-135. 4. -
..

12002 57

: -
2, - : , 1996. -388 .

58 12002

625.28
.. , - . , .. , . . , .. , .,
.. , . .

- -

, t
dVw
E = K1 (U VW ) + K 2 Rw dt K 3 ,
0
dt
- (U Vw ), U Vw 1
- -01, Rw ,
- 0, U Vw > 1
U -
6 [1]. , ;
Vw -

;

E - ()
.
;

1 - ;
:
1. K1 , K 2 , K 3 -
- -
() ()
.

()
, -
,

( U )

() . ( U ),
2.
, :

dU
T + U = U ,
-. dt
3. dU
T 1 , dt > 0
T = ,
( T , dU < 0
2 dt
). T1 2 -
4.
.
,
-.
, 1 2 (K1, K2, K3, 1 , T1 2 )

-;
3 4 -
-
-. ,
,
, .
,
, :

-:

12002 55

, :
. -
( K1 = 3...4, 5 ;
, K 2 = 1/ 64 ; K 3 = 16 ),
,

[ K1 , K 2 , K 3 ], -
, 100%

,
, , 2% (34 -1),
= 1 (
, . 1);
.

. 1. /

- T1 2 ,
. 2 3).
L ( T 1 = T 2 = 5 ,
C L = 150 -1), ,
(H)
()
( N = 1200 -1 N = 2200 -1) -
( N = 2200 -1 N = . ,
1200 -1)
- 4,5
- 2,5 (H),
(N) (
= 16 ( ) -
.

56 12002

. 2. / T 1 = T 2 = 0

. 3. / T 1 = T 2 = 5 C

H=F(N),
, U
dU
I- ( = 0 ) :
dt
t
. U = K 5 (h h ) + K 6 (h h )dt
0
(H) H -
U (
, ).
. U

12002 57

(0 U RI) 1. .., ..,
. .., ..,
5 6
...
-
H - -
-. - -01. -

U "", 26,
: 2001.
Ri , i -

(i +1)- ( dU > 0)
dt
U =
R
i 1 , i -
dU
(i 1)- ( > 0)
dt


-
:
-


,

,
U
;
-
U
,
.


-
,
,
.
,

-

:
,

-


;
(, )
-
;
(2%)
100%
-.

58 12002

58 12002

621.436
.. , - . , .. , - . , .. , . .
, .. , . .-.

12002 59

, -
, -
, , . -
, ,
, . -
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60 12002

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12002 61

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12002 77

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78 12002
Synopsis of published articles

The method of definition of the turbulence


UDC 621.43 characteristics of the gas flow within the cy-
BELOGUB A.V., EPIFANOV S.V. THE linder of the reciprocating engine has been de-
SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS veloped. The method is based on the Prandtls
OF ENGINES CONSTRUCTORS // mixing way theory. Formulas to define of the
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES, length of mixing way within the closed vo-
2002, 1. P. 34. lumes have been obtained. Using this method
In the article the main totals of activity of the Seventh
international Congress of engines constructors, holding
and Navier-Stokes equations the mathematical
in September, 2002 are set up. model of the three-dimensional gas flow within
the cylinder of the reciprocating engine at in-
take and compression strokes has been devel-
UDC 621.436.068
oped. The computation results are compared
PARSADANOV I.V. A REGULATION OF with the experimental data of the Ricardo Con-
HARMFUL SUBSTANCES EMISSION OF sulting Engineering Company obtained on the
DIESEL ENGINES OF TRUCKS AND
single cylinder Hydra engine. The computa-
AGRICULTURAL MACHINES IN
tional fields of the flow parameters for the real
UKRAINE // INTERNAL COMBUSTION
diesel engines intake and compression
ENGINES, 2002, 1. P. 47.
The carried out calculations have shown, that emissions processes are presented. Il. 4. Bibliogr. 7
harmful substances parameters with the diesel engines names.
exhaust gases along techniques of the normative docu-
ments acting in Ukraine and in the countries of Western
Europe have differences It demands corrective amend- UDC 621.433.2
ments at the estimation of emissions parameters of diesel
engines of Ukrainian manufacture and foreign diesel SAVITSKY V.D. MINING OF A COMPLEX
engines. Table 1. Il. 2. OF MEASURES ON AN AVOIDANCE OF
VIOLATIONS OF A HYDROGENOUS ICE
WORKING PROCESS // INTERNAL
UDC 621.436
COMBUSTION ENGINES, 2002, 1. P.
GRIGORYEV A.L. THE ANALYSIS OF A 1921.
STABILITY CONDITION OF MOTION OF
A REVERSE VALVE OF A FUEL PUMP OF The experimental and theoretical investiga-
A DIESEL ENGINE // INTERNAL tions have revealed the cuse of backfire,
COMBUSTION ENGINES, 2002, 1. P. 8 which is the main problem when the recipro-
12. cating engines are converted to hydrogen fuel.
The factors, which have influence on dynamical
The effective methods for coping with this
instability of unidirectional restrictor valve of the
diesel fuel pump at the high residual pressure, are phenomenon have been developed. The inves-
analyzed. The new schemes of unidirectional re- tigation results are implemented in the engines
strictor valve are suggested. Il. 8. Bibliogr. 5 of several types. Table 1. Bibliogr. 9 names.
names.

UDC 621.43.01 UDC 622.75


MARCHENKO A.P., STROKOV A.P.,
Kerimov Z.H. Definition of the turbulence cha- MINAK .F., OSETROV .., LINKOV
racteristics at mathematical modeling of .Y. TOXICITY OF EXHAUST GASES OF
three-dimensional gas flow within the cylind- A DIESEL ENGINE AT USAGE OF FUELS
er of the reciprocating engine // Internal com- OF VEGETATIVE ORIGIN // INTERNAL
COMBUSTION ENGINES, 2002, 1. P.
bustion engines, 2002, 1. p. 1318.

12002 77
Synopsis of published articles

2225. Korogodsky V.., Obozny S.V. Experimental re-


searches of a disperse of an atomization of gasoline
by a valving injector // Internal combustion engines,
The article describes the problems, connected
2002, 1. p. 3334.
with diesel exhaust toxicity at the use of fuels
of vegetative origin. As combustibles the mixes The experimental researches petrol dispersion
of diesel fuel with rapeseed oil and ethyl ester results of a valve nozzle are presented. The de-
of rapeseed oil were used. Il. 6. pendences of a drops middle diameter from
rotation frequency and cycle feeding are fixed.
Il. 4. Bibliogr. 2 names.
UDC 621.436.068
BORODIN Y.S., PERERVA P.Y., UDC 621.436-242-713.2.001.5
DOLGOPOLOV Y.P., BYCHKOV V.Z., Abramchuk F.I., Yurchenko .I., Balabko .N.
SCHERBAKOV G.., SCHERBANENKO Influencing of hydrodynamics and characteris-
G.V. IMPROVEMENT OF ECOLOGICAL tics of oil on heat rejection at circulating cooling
of cylinder pistons // Internal combustion engines,
PARAMETERS OF A TWO- STROKE
2002, 1. p. 3536.
AUGMENTED DIESEL ENGINE AT THE Results of calculated research of influence of performances of oil on
EXPENSE OF INTENSIFICATION OF heat flow in a cavity of cooling of the piston are resulted at feeding oil
from a motionless nozzle. Table 1. Il. 2. Bibliogr. 3 names.
PROCESS FUEL SUPPLY // INTERNAL
COMBUSTION ENGINES, 2002, 1. P.
2528.
UDC 621.436-242.3
The two-stroke augmented vehicular diesel Ryasanzev N.K., Kunizyn P.., Grinenko .P.,
engine ecological indices improvement at the Petrenko .I., Dorogenko .N. Selection of a
expense of fuel supply intensification has con- design of an obturator ring with the purpose of
decrease of the oil change on the waste with ref-
sidered in this article. In the process of state- erence to transport two-stroke diesel engines
ment, it was used the diesel engine with fuel such as 6 // Internal combustion engines,
equipment nozzle different modifications eco- 2002, 1. p. 3738.
logical indices experimental investigation re- The oil-control piston ring of different design influence
sults. It was demonstrated that the small noz- on quantity decrease of the oil change on the waste in
zle of closed type use allows to improve eco- two-stroke engines has been considered. It was proven
nomical operation and to decrease the smoke
that the rings of box section allow achieving
optical density by eight times. Il. 4. Bibliogr. 3
twothree times oil consumption decrease. Il. 4.
names.
UDC 621.43 + 629.113
Gogayzel .V. Diagnostic of stability of up states of
UDC 530.17+536.7+541.8(11) greasing substance of the engine // Internal combustion
Kudryash .P., Umerenkova .R., Marinin V.S., engines, 2002, 1. p. 3943.
Kaydalov .. A universal method of calculation of Mathematical description of the service ability change
thermal properties of alternative fuels for engines // process of the engine lubricating medium reflecting sta-
Internal combustion engines, 2002, 1. p. 2832. bility mechanism action of the system to the wear action
A new method defining thermal properties of alternative of the unit members is proposed. Il. 2. Bibliogr. 5 names.
fuels is presented based on a modified perturbation the-
ory. The method is highly exact in wide ranges of states UDC 621.43
and does not involve adjustable and empirical parame- Savinov .I., Dyachenko V.G. A technique of calcula-
ters. Table 2. Bibliogr. 5 names. tion of process of over push volume filling of a fuel
pump - 1 // Internal combustion engines,
2002, 1. p. 4445.
Calculation method of over push volume filling in a high
UDC 621.43 421.001.24 pressure fuel pump is offered. The calculations result is

78 12002
Synopsis of published articles

compared with experimental data. Il. 3. Bibliogr. 3 combustion engines, 2002, 1. p.5859.
names. The results of analysis of construction desirability pis-
tons of speed diesel are presented. The applications of
UDC 621.436-242-713.2.001.5 desirability function for appreciation of optimization
Abramchuk F.I., Kochetov S.. Contouring of a lat- speed diesel pistons constructions are showed. The dates
eral area of ICE pistons // Internal combustion engines, of diesels of 813/14 and 412/14 are used. Il.
2002, 1. p. 4649. 3. Bibliogr. 5 names.
The profiling method of the piston side surface accord-
ing to its deformation. Table 1. Il. 6. Bibliogr. 2 names. UDC 621.431.73-57
Borodin Y.S., Grizuk .V., Demidenko D.V., Kon-
UDC 621.436.052 dratenko V.G. Detection of friction critical clusters
Ryasanzev N.K., Animov Y.., Bybych G.I., Stre- determining the moment of resistance of the vehicu-
mouhov L.I. To definition of a reserve of a stable lar diesel engine at its launch // Internal combustion
running of a centrifugal supercharger of a transport engines, 2002, 1. p. 6063.
diesel engine // Internal combustion engines, 2002, 1. It is adduced results of design and experimental
p. 4950. investigation on quantitative estimation of separate
In the article the problems of the coordination of the cha- components influence on the vehicular diesel en-
racteristics of a transport diesel engine and single-stage gine crankshaft cranking average moment of resis-
centrifugal air engine of its pressurization system are
tance when a starting device is used. These investi-
reviewed. The technique of computational research of a
stability margin of the centrifugal air engine, founded on gations were carried out using the home vehicular
the analysis of a positional relationship of a surge line of 4DTNA diesel engine under service conditions. It is
the air engine and hydraulic characteristic of a diesel established quantitative relationship of power con-
engine is adduced. The technique allows selecting opera- sumption for gas forces moments of resistance, dif-
tional conditions of a diesel engine, on which one it is ferent friction pairs frictional forces and auxiliary
necessary to make set-up of the air engine and can be mechanisms drive. It is revealed the critical friction
utilized at the stage of designing of a new diesel engine pairs, which determine the diesel engine average
and at retrofit existing. Il. 1. Bibliogr. 2 names. moment of resistance beyond the reliable starting
limiting temperatures. Il. 6. Bibliogr. 3 names.
UDC 621.436.001.24
Animov Y.A. The analysis of ways of improvement of UDC 621.436-242
the thrust characteristics of the high - augmented Kunizyn P.., Shevchenko .., Borodin Y.S., Ho-
two-stroke vehicular engine // Internal combustion en- lodny V.N. Ways of a reliability increase of activity of
gines, 2002, 1. p. 5154. a transport two-cycle diesel engine cylinder-piston
It is considered the two-stroke high augmented vehicular group, such as 6, in conditions of crash stops //
engine with the power-driven supercharger tractive cha- Internal combustion engines, 2002, 1. p. 6466.
racteristics design procedure and option of improvement
direction, which allow to determine purposefulnessly
performances of a new working out and upgrading en- In the article influencing crash stops of a diesel
gines. Il. 3. Bibliogr. 4 names. motor working on object with maximum loads
and temperature of cooling liquid for reliability
UDC 625.28
of cylinder - piston group and a cooling system
Ryasanzev N.K., Bogaevsky A.B., Basov .V., Sinel-
nikova L.B. Technical-and-economic indices im- is reviewed. The processes descending in a
provement of a diesel engine - train power unit on the cooling system of a diesel engine after a crash
basis of microsystem of control application // Internal stop of the engine are shown. Il. 4.
combustion engines, 2002, 1. p. 5557.
It is considered the Diesel train Diesel-electric set tech-
nical-and-economic indices improvement problem by the UDC622.691.4.052
diesel engine crankshaft speed and the generator power Saprykin S.., Garagul .. Vibrational diagnostic
delivered control algorithm optimization. The Diesel of a reciprocating engine // Internal combustion en-
train duty and service conditions are taken into account gines, 2002, 1. p. 6670.
as well. Il. 3. Bibliogr. 1 names.
The article presents the analyses of sources
UDC 621.436 and reasons of vibrating processes in gas-
Shehovzov .F., Pylyov V.A., Prokopenko N.V., engine-compressor units (GECU) 10GKN, MK8,
Shevchenko L.P. A numerical evaluation desirability
of designs of pistons of speed diesel engines // Internal DR12. The methods suggested allow determin-

12002 79
Synopsis of published articles

ing the cause-reason relations between the vibration-diagnostic systems is based. Il. 5. Bib-
defects of principal units and their manifesta- liogr. 9 names.
tions. On these methods the engineering of

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