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Chapter 12 Self Quiz Result

You have answered 9 questions correctly. You have scored 75%.


The subdivisions of the PNS are the:

Parasympathetic, sympathetic, and central nervous systems


Somatic, autonomic, and enteric nervous systems
Cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and ganglia
Sensory neurons, motor neurons, and interneurons

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Correct!

The two divisions of the autonomic nervous system are the parasympathetic division and the
sympathetic division.

True
False

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Correct!

At a chemical synapse between two neurons, the neuron receiving the signal is called the
presynaptic neuron, and the neuron sending the signal is called the postsynaptic neuron.

True
False

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Correct!

Neurons in the PNS are always capable of repair while those in the CNS are not.

True
False

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Correct!

Which of the following statements are true?


1. The sensory function of the nervous system involves sensory receptors sensing certain
changes in the internal and external environments.
2. Sensory neurons receive electrical signals from sensory receptors.
3. The integrative function of the nervous system involves analyzing sensory information,
storing some of it, and making decisions regarding appropriate responses.
4. Interneurons are located primarily in the PNS.
5. Motor function involves the activation of effectors (muscles and glands).

1, 2, 3, and 4
2, 4, and 5
1, 2, 3, and 5
1, 2, and 4
2, 3, 4, and 5

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Correct!

A neuron's resting membrane potential is established and maintained by:


1. A high concentration of K+ in the extracellular fluid and a high concentration of Na+ in the
cytosol
2. The plasma membrane's higher permeability to Na+ because of the presence of numerous
Na+ leak channels
3. Differences in both ion concentrations and electrical gradients
4. The fact that there are numerous large, nondiffusible anions in the cytosol
5. Sodium-potassium pumps that help to maintain the proper distribution of sodium and
potassium

1, 2, and 5
1, 2, and 3
2, 3, and 4
3, 4, and 5
1, 2, 3, 4, and 5

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Correct!

Place the following events in a chemical synapse in the correct order:


1. Release of neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft
2. Arrival of nerve impulse at the presynaptic neuron's synaptic end bulb (or varicosity)
3. Either depolarization or hyperpolarization of postsynaptic membrane
4. Inward flow of Ca2+ through activated voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in the synaptic end
bulb membrane
5. Exocytosis of synaptic vesicles
6. Opening of ligand-gated channels on the postsynaptic plasma membrane
7. Binding of neurotransmitters to receptors in the postsynaptic neuron's plasma membrane

2, 1, 5, 4, 7, 6, 3
1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 6, 3
2, 4, 5, 1, 7, 6, 3
4, 5, 1, 7, 6, 3, 2
2, 5, 1, 4, 6, 7, 3

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Correct!

Several neurons in the brain sending impulses to a single motor neuron that terminates at a
neuromuscular junction is an example of which of the following types of circuits?

Reverberating
Simple series
Parallel after-discharge
Diverging
Converging

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Correct!

Which of the following statements are true?


1. If the excitatory effect is greater than the inhibitory effect but less than the threshold of
stimulation, the result is a subthreshold EPSP.
2. If the excitatory effect is greater than the inhibitory effect and reaches or surpasses the
threshold level of stimulation, the result is a threshold or suprathreshold EPSP and one or
more nerve impulses.
3. If the inhibitory effect is greater than the excitatory effect, the membrane hyperpolarizes,
resulting in inhibition of the postsynaptic neuron and the inability of the neuron to generate a
nerve impulse.
4. The greater the summation of hyperpolarizations, the more likely a nerve impulse will be
initiated.

1 and 4
2 and 4
1, 3, and 4
2, 3, and 4
1, 2, and 3

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Sorry, that's not correct. See the section 12.4 Signal Transmission at Synapses.

Which of the following statements are true?


1. The basic types of ion channels are gated, leak, and electrical.
2. Ion channels allow for the development of graded potentials and action potentials.
3. Voltage-gated channels open in response to changes in membrane potential.
4. Ligand-gated channels open due to the presence of specific chemicals.
5. A graded potential is useful for communication over long distances.

1, 2, and 3
2, 3, and 4
2, 3, and 5
2, 3, 4, and 5
1, 3, and 5

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Correct!

Which of the following statements are true?


1. The frequency of impulses and number of activated sensory neurons encodes differences in
stimuli intensity.
2. Larger-diameter axons conduct nerve impulses faster than smaller-diameter ones.
3. Continuous conduction is faster than saltatory conduction.
4. The presence or absence of a myelin sheath is an important factor that determines the
speed of nerve impulse propagation.
5. Action potentials are localized, but graded potentials are propagated.

1, 3, and 5
3 and 4
2, 4, and 5
2 and 4
1, 2, and 4

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Sorry, that's not correct. See the section 12.3 Electrical Signals in Neurons.

Neurotransmitters are removed from the synaptic cleft by:


1. Axonal transport
2. Diffusion away from the cleft
3. Neurosecretory cells
4. Enzymatic breakdown
5. Cellular uptake

1, 2, 3, and 4
2, 4, and 5
2, 3, and 4
1, 4, and 5
1, 2, 3, 4, and 5

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Sorry, that's not correct. See the section 12.4 Signal Transmission at Synapses.

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