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Service

rucks T

Manual

Group

28

Engine

Control

Module

(ECM),

Diagnostic

T

rouble

Code

 

(DTC),

Guide

PV776-88969578

LEU

Emissions 2010

MRU,

Module (ECM), Diagnostic T rouble Code   (DTC), Guide PV776-88969578 LEU Emissions 2010 MRU,
Module (ECM), Diagnostic T rouble Code   (DTC), Guide PV776-88969578 LEU Emissions 2010 MRU,

The

descriptions

and

service

Foreword

procedures

contained

in

this

manual

are

based

on

designs

and

methods

studies

carried

out

up

to

April

2010.

 

The

products

are

under

continuous

development.

ehicles

V

and

components

produced

after

the

above

date

may

therefore

have

ferent

dif

specifications

and

repair

methods.

When

this

is

believed

to

have

a

significant

bearing

on

this

manual,

supplementary

service

bulletins

will

be

issued

to

cover

the

changes.

The

new

edition

of

this

manual

will

update

the

changes.

 

In

service

procedures

where

the

title

incorporates

an

operation

number

,

this

is

a

reference

to

a

Labor

Code

(Standard

T

ime).

 

Service

procedures

which

do

not

include

an

operation

number

in

the

title

are

for

general

information

 

and

no

reference

is

made

to

a

Labor

Code

(Standard

T

ime).

following

also

reviewed

Each

section

of

this

manual

contains

any

specific

If

a

safety

copy

information

and

relate

is

warnings

made,

which

must

be

sure

be

before

performing

copy

of

procedure.

safety

cautions

printed

and

of

a

procedure

that

to

in

this

Service

to

The

make

a

printed

levels

of

observations,

the

information

and

used

warnings

that

Documentation:

procedure.

warnings

are

Note:

Indicates

procedure, a

practice,

or

condition

that

must

be

followed

in

order

to

have

the

vehicle

or

component

function

in

the

manner

intended.

 

Caution:

Indicates

an

unsafe

practice

where

damage

to

the

product

could

occur

.

 

W

arning:

Indicates

an

unsafe

practice

where

personal

injury

or

severe

damage

to

the

product

could

occur

.

Danger:

Indicates

an

unsafe

practice

where

serious

personal

Mack

T

rucks,Inc.

Greensboro,NC

USA

injury

or

death

could

occur

.

 

Order

number:PV776-88969578

 
 

Repl:

©

2010

Mack

T

rucks,

Inc.,

Greensboro,

NC

USA

otherwise,

ortransmittedinanyformsbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recordingor

Allrightsreserved.Nopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinretrievalsystem,

without

the

prior

written

permission

of

Mack

T

rucks,

Inc.

USA41614

Contents

T

roubleshooting

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.3

 

Engine

Control

Module

(ECM)

Diagnostic

T

rouble

Codes

(DTCs)

.

.

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1

Group

28

Engine

Control

Module

(ECM)

Diagnostic

T

rouble

 

Codes

(DTCs)

Engine

Control

roubleshooting T

Module

(ECM)

Diagnostic

T

rouble

Codes

. .premiumtechtool.com” “www visit or information more for dealer local your work.Contact diagnostic
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.premiumtechtool.com”
“www
visit
or
information
more
for
dealer
local
your
work.Contact
diagnostic
performing
for
tool
preferred
the
is
tool
scan
manufacturer
The

instrument

(DTCs).

work

as

The

Note:

use

as

of

a

scan

clearing

can

no

digital

well

DTC(s)

cluster

tool

of

any

is

necessary

diagnostic

to

perform

trouble

diagnostic

codes

longer

be

display

stalk

cleared

and

switch

using

the

vehicles

control.

System

Six

electronic

Overview

control

units

(ECUs)

are

used;

the

engine

control

The

use

of

a

scan

tool

is

necessary

(DTCs)

to

perform

diagnostic

work

module

(ECM),

instrument

control

module

(ICM),

ehicle

V

as

well

as

clearing

of

any

diagnostic

trouble

codes

(DTCs).

Electronic

Control

Unit

(VECU),

transmission

control

module

DTC(s)

can

no

longer

be

cleared

using

the

vehicles

instrument

(TCM),

the

gear

selector

control

module

(GSCM)

and

the

cluster

digital

display

and

stalk

switch

control.Additional

engine

controls

control

operate

aftertreatment

control

things

module

(ACM).

T

through

and

the

vehicle

timing

engine

ogether

SAE

cab

and

delivery

brake

these

data

The

ECM

to

modules

J1939

,

and

communicate

of

engine

as

fuel

links

a

variety

such

functions.

,

fan

operation,

the

protection

functions,

operation,

and

SAE

the

displays

relay

nozzle.

exhaust

the

gas

The

recirculation

VECU

and

controls

idle

link

have

the

(EGR)

cruise

and

functions.

control

and

valve

the

turbocharger

these

primarily

accessory

to

over

functions,

The

ICM

controls

other

J1587

data

parameters

shutdown

operational

ECUs.

All

data

communicates

to

capability

for

communicate

primarily

programming,

diagnostics

reporting.

In

addition

to

their

control

functions,

the

modules

have

on

board

diagnostic

(OBD)

capabilities.

The

OBD

is

designed

to

detect

faults

or

abnormal

conditions

that

are

not

within

normal

connected

data

and

diagnostic

to

the

tests

are

available

Serial

Communication

Port.

when

a

scan

tool

is

For

diagnostic

software,

contact

your

local

dealer

.

quantity

fault

to

The

ECM

perform

is

a

fuel

microprocessor

injection

quantity

and

to

broadcast

injection

timing

to

based

and

data

each

controller

timing

to

other

cylinder

programmed

ECUs.

control,

The

diagnostic

fuel

is

precisely

logging,

and

controlled

to

obtain

optimal

fuel

economy

and

reduced

exhaust

emissions

in

all

driving

situations.

 

The

ECM

controls

the

operation

of

the

injectors,

engine

brake

solenoid,

EGR

valve,

turbocharger

nozzle

position,

and

cooling

received

fan

clutch

based

on

over

the

inputs

data

links

from

from

many

other

sensors

ECUs.

and

information

operating

parameters.When

the

system

detects

a

fault

or

 

The

VECU

and

ECM

are

dependent

on

each

other

to

perform

abnormal

condition,

the

fault

will

be

logged

in

one

or

both

of

their

specific

control

functions.

In

addition

to

switch

and

sensor

the

modules’

memory

,

the

vehicle

operator

will

be

advised

that

data,

the

broadcast

of

data

between

modules

also

includes

the

procedure

if

lamp

a

fault

has

(MIL)

occurred

and

by

illumination

in

the

initiate

that

a

malfunction

driver

information

the

engine

the

fault

indicator

display

,

shutdown

could

a

message

module

system

equipped.The

if

the

engine.

may

determines

damage

vehicle

enter

In

a

some

situations

operation

"derate"

when

a

mode.The

but

the

fault

is

detected,

mode

the

derate

substitute

allows

system

may

system

will

a

continued

sensor

or

signal

value

that

may

result

in

reduced

performance.In

some

instances,

the

system

will

continue

to

function

but

engine

power

may

be

limited

to

protect

the

engine

and

vehicle.

Diagnostic

trouble

codes

(DTCs)

logged

in

the

system

memory

diagnostic

can

later

be

computer

to

read,

or

aid

in

diagnosing

through

the

the

problem

using

a

display

instrument

cluster

,

if

equipped.

When

diagnosing

an

intermittent

DTC

or

condition,

it

may

be

necessary

to

use

a

scan

tool

connected

to

the

Serial

Communication

Port.

 

developed,

various

calculations

based

on

and

the

conclusions

that

input

information

each

module

has

it

has

received.

3

Group

28

 

Engine

Control

Module

(ECM)

Diagnostic

T

rouble

 

Codes

(DTCs)

System

Electronic

Control

Unit

(ECU)

Overview

 

The

engine

control

module

(ECM)

monitors

and

models

(using

These

ECUs

all

communicate

with

the

ECM

via

data

links.

The

physical

principles)

engine

parameters

to

monitor

the

engine

VECU

communicates

across

the

SAE

J1939

(CAN1)

data

link

system’

s

performance

in

real

time.

This

is

performed

to

aid

the

while

the

others

use

the

SAE

J1939

-

7

(CAN2)

data

link.

ECM

with

its

self

diagnostic

capabilities.Many

sensors

are

The

OBD

systems

use

SAE

J1939

data

link

protocol

for

used

for

input

to

the

emission

control

system.

 

communication

with

scan

tools

but,

MACK

trucks

still

are

The

system

contains

the

following

“emission

critical”

ECUs

that

are

monitored;

Engine

Control

Module

(ECM)

 

V

ehicle

Electronic

Control

Unit

(VECU)

 

Aftertreatment

Control

Module

(ACM)

Aftertreatment

Nitrogen

Oxides

(NOx)

Sensors

Engine

ariable

V

Geometry

T

urbocharger

(VGT)

Smart

Remote

Actuator

(SRA)

 

capable

of

communicating

via

the

SAE

J1587

data

link

for

diagnostics.

The

use

of

a

scan

tool

is

necessary

to

perform

diagnostic

work

as

well

as

clearing

of

any

diagnostic

trouble

codes

(DTCs).DTC(s)

can

no

longer

be

cleared

using

the

vehicles

instrument

cluster

digital

display

and

stalk

switch

control.

There

are

other

ECUs

such

as

the

Instrument

Control

Module

(ICM),

T

ransmission

Control

Module

(TCM)

and

Anti

-

lock

Brake

System

(ABS)

Module

that

provide

data

to

the

emission

control

system

or

the

diagnostic

system

but

are

not

“emission

critical”

.

 

Malfunction

Indicator

Lamp

(MIL),

Description

malfunction

lamp

MIL A

used

located

in

the

to

has

inform

signal

instrument

occurred.

the

driver

that

cluster

This .

amber

colored

critical”

is

“emission a

and

Location

. amber colored critical” is “emission a and Location W2036007 SAE J1939 Data Link Communication The

W2036007

SAE

J1939

Data

Link

Communication

The

electronic

control

units

(ECUs)

that

communicate

on

the

SAE

J1939

data

link,

communicate

according

to

the

SAE

 

J1587

standard.

The

diagnostic

trouble

codes

(DTCs)

set

by

SASource

abbreviations.

the

ECUs

contain

information

that

Address:

is

described

by

the

Identification

of

Parameter

of

a

control

module.

SPNSuspect

Number:

Identification

a

parameter

(value).

FMIFailure

Mode

Identification

Identifier:

of

fault

types.

following

4

Group

28

Engine

Control

Module

(ECM)

Diagnostic

T

rouble

 

Codes

(DTCs)

SAE

J1939

FMI

able

T

FMI

SAE

T

ext

0

Data

valid

but

above

normal

operational

range

Most -

severe

level

1

Data

valid

but

below

normal

operational

range

Most -

severe

level

2

Data

erratic,

intermittent

or

incorrect

3

oltage

V

above

normal,

or

shorted

to

high

source

4

oltage

V

below

normal,

or

shorted

to

low

source

5

Current

below

normal

or

open

circuit

6

Current

above

normal

or

grounded

circuit

7

Mechanical

system

not

responding

or

out

of

adjustment

8

Abnormal

frequency

or

pulse

width

or

period

9

Abnormal

update

rate

10

Abnormal

rate

of

change

1

1

Root

cause

not

known

 

intelligent 12

Bad

device

or

component

Out 13

of

calibration

Special 14

instructions

Data 15

valid

but

above

normal

operating

range

Least -

severe

level

Data 16

valid

but

above

normal

operating

range

Moderately -

severe

level

Data 17

valid

but

below

normal

operating

range

Least -

severe

level

Data 18

valid

but

below

normal

operating

range

Moderately -

severe

level

Received 19

network

data

in

error

Reserved 20

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 21

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 22

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 23

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 24

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 25

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 26

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 27

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 28

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 29

for

SAE

assignment

Reserved 30

for

SAE

assignment

Condition 31

exists

5

Group

28

 

Engine

Control

Module

(ECM)

Diagnostic

T

rouble

 

Codes

(DTCs)

SAE

J1587

Data

Link

Communication

 

The

electronic

control

units

(ECUs)

also

communicate

on

the

PPIDProprietary

Parameter

Identification

 

SAE

J1587

data

link.

These

ECUs

communicate

according

to

 

Description

Mack:

 

the

SAE

J1587

standard.

The

standard

has

been

extended

Unique

identification

of

a

parameter

(value).

with

MACK’

s

supplement

(PPID,

PSID).

The

diagnostic

trouble

SIDSubsystem

Identification

Description:

 

codes

(DTCs)

set

by

the

ECUs

contain

information

that

is

 

Identification

of

a

component.

described

by

the

following

abbreviations.

 

PSIDProprietary

Subsystem

Identification

MIDMessage

Identification

Description:

 

Description

Mack:

 

Identification

of

a

control

module.

PIDParameter

Identification

Identification

of

a

(value).

Description:

parameter

SAE

J1587

FMI

able

T

Unique

FMIFailure

identification

Mode

Identifier:

of

a

component.

Identification

of

fault

types.

FMI

SAE

T

ext

0

Data

valid,

but

above

the

normal

working

range

1

Data

valid,

but

below

the

normal

working

range

2

Intermittent

or

incorrect

data

3

Abnormally

high

voltage

or

short

circuit

to

higher

voltage

4

Abnormally

low

voltage

or

short

circuit

to

lower

voltage

5

Abnormally

low

current

or

open

circuit

 

6

Abnormally

high

current

or

short

circuit

to

ground

7

Incorrect

response

from

a

mechanical

system

 

8

Abnormal

frequency

 

9

Abnormal

update

rate

 

10

Abnormally

strong

vibrations

 

1

1

Non

-

identifiable

fault

 

Faulty 12

 

module

or

component

 

Calibration 13

values

outside

limits

 

Special 14

 

instructions

Reserved 15

for

future

use

 

6

Group

28

 

Engine

Control

Module

(ECM)

Diagnostic

T

rouble

 

Codes

(DTCs)

Diagnostic

T

rouble

Code

(DTC)

Content

 

SPN

0–500

 

“ECM

SPN

84,

Wheel

-

Based

ehicle

V

Speed

MID –

128

PID

84”

,

page

14

“ECM

SPN

91,

Accelerator

Pedal

Position

1

MID –

128

PID

91”

page ,

14

“ECM

SPN

94,

Engine

Fuel

Delivery

Pressure

MID

128

PID

94”

page ,

14

“ECM

SPN

97,

W

ater

in

Fuel

Indicator

MID

128

PID

97”

,

page

15

“ECM

SPN

98,

Engine

Oil

Level

MID

128

PID

98”

   

16

 

,

page

“ECM

SPN

100,

Engine

Oil

Pressure

MID

128

PID

100”

,

page

17

“ECM

SPN

102,

Engine

Intake

Manifold

1

Pressure

MID

128

PID

102”

,

page

17

“ECM

SPN

103,

Engine

T

urbocharger

1

Speed

MID

128

PID

103”

page ,

18

“ECM

SPN

105,

Engine

Intake

Manifold

1

T

emperature

MID

PID 128

105”

page ,

19

“ECM

SPN

108,

Barometric

Pressure

MID

128

PID

108”

,

page

20

 

“ECM

SPN

1

10,

Engine

Coolant

T

emperature

MID

128

 

PID

1

10”

,

page

20

 

“ECM

SPN

1

1

1,

Engine

Coolant

Level

MID

128

PID

1

1

1”

,

page

21

 

“ECM

SPN

Pressure

“ECM

SPN

153,

Engine

High

Resolution

Crankcase

MID

158,

128

Keyswitch

PID

153/PSID

Battery

23”

,

Potential

page

22

MID

128

PID

158/PSID

124”

,

page

23

“ECM

SPN

171,

Ambient

Air

T

emperature

MID

128

PID

171”

,

page

23

“ECM

SPN

173,

Engine

Exhaust

Gas

T

emperature