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An A-Z Of British Culture

Cultures and Contexts

Cultures and Contexts

Cultures and Contexts • Introduction • History • Facts and figures • Who are the British?

• Introduction

• History

• Facts and figures

• Who are the British?

• United Kingdom, united culture?

• England

• Scotland

• Wales

• Northern Ireland

Introduction

Introduction • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland • By sixteenth century: Wales incorporated

• United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

• By sixteenth century: Wales incorporated into English administration and law

• 1707: Kingdoms of Scotland and England united

• 1801: Ireland loses its own parliament and becomes part of United Kingdom

• 1921: Ireland becomes a Republic, with the exception of 6 northern counties

• Who are the British?

Population increase to 2002

Population density

Population density P o p u l a t i o n d e n s

Population density per county, 1995

Projected population change, 1995-2011

Population: The Four Nations

Nation

Pop.

%

Pop. density per km 2

Land area ‘000 km 2

%

Per capita GDP (UK= 100)

(millions)

England

50.0

83.7

283

130.4

54.0

102

Scotland

5.2

8.6

65

78.8

32.6

96

Wales

2.9

4.9

142

20.8

8.6

81

N. Ireland

1.7

2.8

125

14.1

5.8

77

Total

59.8

-

-

244.1

-

-

Office for National Statistics (2002)

English Culture

Images of England

The Monarchy

Language

The Lost Empire

Traditional England

‘Olde England’

The Rural Ideal

The Village Pub

Literature

Art and Architecture

Cinema

Theatre

Music

Sport

Food and Drink

Foods and Festivals

Images of England
Images of England
Images of England Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

The Monarchy Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

The Monarchy

The Monarchy Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Language • Received Pronunciation • Cockney • Estuary English • West Country (South West England)

Language

• Received Pronunciation

• Cockney

• Estuary English

• West Country (South West England)

• East Anglian

• Birmingham, Black Country and other industrial Midland accents

• Liverpool (Scouse)

• Manchester and other east Lancashire accents

• Yorkshire

• Newcastle (Geordie) and other north-east England accents

The Lost Empire

Traditional England

Traditional England Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Traditional England Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Traditional England Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Olde England

“For me, England stands for the Church of England, eccentric incumbents, oil-lit churches, Women’s Institutes, modest village inns, arguments about cow parsley on the alter, the noise of mowing machines on Saturday afternoons, … leaning on gates and looking across fields.”

John Betjemin, 1954

Olde England

“’I know my rights’, village cricket and Elgar, Do- it-Yourself,… Cumberland sausages, double- decker buses, Donne and Dickens, twitching net curtains, country churches, dry-stone walls, gardening, Christopher Wren and Monty Python, easy-going Church of England vicars, the Beatles, bad hotels and good beer, church bells,

Constable and Piper, finding foreigners funny

, drinking to excess, Women’s Institutes, fish and chips, curry, Christmas Eve at King’s College, Cambridge…”

Jeremy Paxman, 1998

The Rural Ideal

The Rural Ideal The Local Pub Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
The Rural Ideal The Local Pub Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
The Rural Ideal The Local Pub Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
The Rural Ideal The Local Pub Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

The Local Pub

The Rural Ideal The Local Pub Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
The Rural Ideal The Local Pub Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
The Rural Ideal The Local Pub Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Literature

Literature Geoffrey Chaucer Thomas Hardy Samuel Pepys Charles Dickens Jane Austen George Orwell Graham Greene Doris

Geoffrey Chaucer

Literature Geoffrey Chaucer Thomas Hardy Samuel Pepys Charles Dickens Jane Austen George Orwell Graham Greene Doris

Thomas Hardy

Literature Geoffrey Chaucer Thomas Hardy Samuel Pepys Charles Dickens Jane Austen George Orwell Graham Greene Doris

Samuel Pepys

Literature Geoffrey Chaucer Thomas Hardy Samuel Pepys Charles Dickens Jane Austen George Orwell Graham Greene Doris

Charles Dickens

Literature Geoffrey Chaucer Thomas Hardy Samuel Pepys Charles Dickens Jane Austen George Orwell Graham Greene Doris

Jane Austen

Literature Geoffrey Chaucer Thomas Hardy Samuel Pepys Charles Dickens Jane Austen George Orwell Graham Greene Doris

George Orwell

Literature Geoffrey Chaucer Thomas Hardy Samuel Pepys Charles Dickens Jane Austen George Orwell Graham Greene Doris

Graham Greene

Literature Geoffrey Chaucer Thomas Hardy Samuel Pepys Charles Dickens Jane Austen George Orwell Graham Greene Doris

Doris Lessing

Julian Barnes Philip Larkin Ted Hughes Iris Murdoch Malcolm Bradbury Rebecca West Fay Weldon Anita

Julian Barnes

Julian Barnes Philip Larkin Ted Hughes Iris Murdoch Malcolm Bradbury Rebecca West Fay Weldon Anita Brooker

Philip Larkin

Julian Barnes Philip Larkin Ted Hughes Iris Murdoch Malcolm Bradbury Rebecca West Fay Weldon Anita Brooker

Ted Hughes

Julian Barnes Philip Larkin Ted Hughes Iris Murdoch Malcolm Bradbury Rebecca West Fay Weldon Anita Brooker

Iris Murdoch

Julian Barnes Philip Larkin Ted Hughes Iris Murdoch Malcolm Bradbury Rebecca West Fay Weldon Anita Brooker

Malcolm Bradbury

Julian Barnes Philip Larkin Ted Hughes Iris Murdoch Malcolm Bradbury Rebecca West Fay Weldon Anita Brooker

Rebecca West

Julian Barnes Philip Larkin Ted Hughes Iris Murdoch Malcolm Bradbury Rebecca West Fay Weldon Anita Brooker

Fay Weldon

Julian Barnes Philip Larkin Ted Hughes Iris Murdoch Malcolm Bradbury Rebecca West Fay Weldon Anita Brooker

Anita Brooker

A. S. Byatt Martin Amis Hanef Kureishi Caryl Phillips Zadie Smith Monica Ali Jeanette Winterson

A. S. Byatt

A. S. Byatt Martin Amis Hanef Kureishi Caryl Phillips Zadie Smith Monica Ali Jeanette Winterson Ian

Martin Amis

A. S. Byatt Martin Amis Hanef Kureishi Caryl Phillips Zadie Smith Monica Ali Jeanette Winterson Ian

Hanef Kureishi

A. S. Byatt Martin Amis Hanef Kureishi Caryl Phillips Zadie Smith Monica Ali Jeanette Winterson Ian

Caryl Phillips

A. S. Byatt Martin Amis Hanef Kureishi Caryl Phillips Zadie Smith Monica Ali Jeanette Winterson Ian

Zadie Smith

A. S. Byatt Martin Amis Hanef Kureishi Caryl Phillips Zadie Smith Monica Ali Jeanette Winterson Ian

Monica Ali

A. S. Byatt Martin Amis Hanef Kureishi Caryl Phillips Zadie Smith Monica Ali Jeanette Winterson Ian

Jeanette Winterson

A. S. Byatt Martin Amis Hanef Kureishi Caryl Phillips Zadie Smith Monica Ali Jeanette Winterson Ian

Ian McEwan

Art

Art Joshua Reynolds William Blake William Holman Hunt William Morris Thomas Gainsborough J.M.W. Turner Dante Gabriel

Joshua Reynolds

Art Joshua Reynolds William Blake William Holman Hunt William Morris Thomas Gainsborough J.M.W. Turner Dante Gabriel
Art Joshua Reynolds William Blake William Holman Hunt William Morris Thomas Gainsborough J.M.W. Turner Dante Gabriel
Art Joshua Reynolds William Blake William Holman Hunt William Morris Thomas Gainsborough J.M.W. Turner Dante Gabriel

William Blake

William Holman Hunt

Art Joshua Reynolds William Blake William Holman Hunt William Morris Thomas Gainsborough J.M.W. Turner Dante Gabriel

William Morris

Joshua Reynolds William Blake William Holman Hunt William Morris Thomas Gainsborough J.M.W. Turner Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Joshua Reynolds William Blake William Holman Hunt William Morris Thomas Gainsborough J.M.W. Turner Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Thomas Gainsborough

J.M.W. Turner

Dante Gabriel Rossetti

 Paul Nash Henry Moore   Damien Hirst  Tracey Emin David Hockney Lucien
 Paul Nash Henry Moore   Damien Hirst  Tracey Emin David Hockney Lucien
 Paul Nash Henry Moore   Damien Hirst  Tracey Emin David Hockney Lucien

Paul Nash

Henry Moore

Damien Hirst

Tracey Emin

 Paul Nash Henry Moore   Damien Hirst  Tracey Emin David Hockney Lucien Freud

David Hockney

 Paul Nash Henry Moore   Damien Hirst  Tracey Emin David Hockney Lucien Freud
 Paul Nash Henry Moore   Damien Hirst  Tracey Emin David Hockney Lucien Freud

Lucien Freud

Architecture

Architecture
Architecture
Architecture
Architecture
Architecture
Architecture

Cinema

Cinema
Cinema
Cinema
Cinema
Cinema
Cinema
Cinema

Theatre

Theatre
Theatre
Theatre
Theatre
Theatre
Theatre
Theatre
Theatre
Theatre
Theatre
Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Music

Music
Music
Music
Music
Music

Sport

Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Food and Drink

Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Food and Drink

Foods and Festivals

Food and Drink Foods and Festivals Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Foods and Festivals Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Foods and Festivals Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Scottish Culture

Images of Scotland

Independence and Self-Rule

The Stone of Scone

Language

Traditional Scotland

Bagpipes

The Ceilidh

The Highlands and Highland Games

Clans, Traditional Dress

Literature

Art and Architecture

Cinema

Theatre

Music

Sport

Food and Drink

Festivals

Images of Scotland
Images of Scotland

Independence and Self-Rule

Independence and Self-Rule   New Scottish Parliament at Holyrood The Stone of Scone in Westminster

  New Scottish Parliament at Holyrood

The Stone of Scone in Westminster Abbey

The Stone of Scone

in Edinburgh

in Westminster Abbey  The Stone of Scone in Edinburgh  Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An
in Westminster Abbey  The Stone of Scone in Edinburgh  Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An
in Westminster Abbey  The Stone of Scone in Edinburgh  Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An

Language

• Gaelic

Language • Gaelic • Lallands / Doric / Scots Ca canny! Whit like? The morn’s mornin.

• Lallands / Doric / Scots

Ca canny! Whit like? The morn’s mornin. Whaur ye gaun? Come awa ben!

Be careful How are you? Tomorrow morning. Where are you going? Come in!

• Scottish English

Other dialects: Ullans, Shaetlan

• Legal terminology:

Other dialects: Ullans, Shaetlan • Legal terminology: Robbie Burns Defendent Accused Sheriff officer Willful

Robbie Burns

Defendent

Accused Sheriff officer Willful Fire-raising

Bailiff

Arson

Accused Sheriff officer Willful Fire-raising Bailiff Arson Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Traditional Scotland

Traditional Scotland Bagpipes Ceilidh Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Bagpipes

Ceilidh
Ceilidh

Highlands and Highland Games

Highlands and Highland Games

Clans and Traditional Dress

Clans and Traditional Dress Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Lewis Grassic Gibbon Literature Scott Memorial, Edinburgh Robert Louis Stevenson Neil M. Gunn Muriel Spark

Lewis Grassic Gibbon

Literature

Lewis Grassic Gibbon Literature Scott Memorial, Edinburgh Robert Louis Stevenson Neil M. Gunn Muriel Spark Irvine

Scott Memorial, Edinburgh

Lewis Grassic Gibbon Literature Scott Memorial, Edinburgh Robert Louis Stevenson Neil M. Gunn Muriel Spark Irvine
Lewis Grassic Gibbon Literature Scott Memorial, Edinburgh Robert Louis Stevenson Neil M. Gunn Muriel Spark Irvine

Robert Louis Stevenson

Neil M. Gunn

Scott Memorial, Edinburgh Robert Louis Stevenson Neil M. Gunn Muriel Spark Irvine Welsh Alan Warner James

Muriel Spark

Scott Memorial, Edinburgh Robert Louis Stevenson Neil M. Gunn Muriel Spark Irvine Welsh Alan Warner James

Irvine Welsh

Scott Memorial, Edinburgh Robert Louis Stevenson Neil M. Gunn Muriel Spark Irvine Welsh Alan Warner James

Alan Warner

Scott Memorial, Edinburgh Robert Louis Stevenson Neil M. Gunn Muriel Spark Irvine Welsh Alan Warner James

James Kelman

Alisdair Gray Nigel Tranter Ian Rankin Isla Dewar Iain Banks Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An

Alisdair Gray

Alisdair Gray Nigel Tranter Ian Rankin Isla Dewar Iain Banks Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z

Nigel Tranter

Alisdair Gray Nigel Tranter Ian Rankin Isla Dewar Iain Banks Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z
Alisdair Gray Nigel Tranter Ian Rankin Isla Dewar Iain Banks Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z

Ian Rankin

Alisdair Gray Nigel Tranter Ian Rankin Isla Dewar Iain Banks Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z

Isla Dewar

Alisdair Gray Nigel Tranter Ian Rankin Isla Dewar Iain Banks Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z

Iain Banks

Alisdair Gray Nigel Tranter Ian Rankin Isla Dewar Iain Banks Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z
Art
Art
Art Sir Henry Raeburn Portrait of David Hume , by Allan Ramsay National Portrait Gallery National

Sir Henry Raeburn

Art Sir Henry Raeburn Portrait of David Hume , by Allan Ramsay National Portrait Gallery National

Portrait of David Hume, by Allan Ramsay

Sir Henry Raeburn Portrait of David Hume , by Allan Ramsay National Portrait Gallery National Gallery

National Portrait Gallery

of David Hume , by Allan Ramsay National Portrait Gallery National Gallery of Modern Art Highland

National Gallery of Modern Art

Highland Landscape, by Alexander Nasmyth

CR Mackintosh William MacTaggart Charles Rennie Mackintosh James Guthrie  John Duncan Fergusson  Alan

CR Mackintosh

CR Mackintosh William MacTaggart Charles Rennie Mackintosh James Guthrie  John Duncan Fergusson  Alan Davie

William MacTaggart

CR Mackintosh William MacTaggart Charles Rennie Mackintosh James Guthrie  John Duncan Fergusson  Alan Davie

Charles Rennie Mackintosh

CR Mackintosh William MacTaggart Charles Rennie Mackintosh James Guthrie  John Duncan Fergusson  Alan Davie

James Guthrie

 John Duncan Fergusson  Alan Davie
John
Duncan
Fergusson
 Alan
Davie

Eduardi Paolozzi

Architecture
Architecture
Architecture Hopetoun House Culzean Castle Glasgow School of Art Scone Palace Glasgow’s Armadillo (Conference and

Hopetoun House

Culzean Castle

Glasgow School of Art

Hopetoun House Culzean Castle Glasgow School of Art Scone Palace Glasgow’s Armadillo (Conference and

Scone Palace

House Culzean Castle Glasgow School of Art Scone Palace Glasgow’s Armadillo (Conference and Exhibition Centre)

Glasgow’s Armadillo (Conference and Exhibition Centre)

Palace Glasgow’s Armadillo (Conference and Exhibition Centre) Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Cinema

Cinema Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Cinema Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Cinema Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Cinema Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Cinema Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Cinema Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Theatre

Theatre Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow E d i n b u r g h F
Theatre Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow E d i n b u r g h F

Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow

Edinburgh Festival Theatre

Contemporary Arts, Glasgow E d i n b u r g h F e s t

Royal Lyceum Theatre

Contemporary Arts, Glasgow E d i n b u r g h F e s t
Contemporary Arts, Glasgow E d i n b u r g h F e s t

Music

Music
Music
Music
Music
Music
Music
Music
Music
Music

Edinburgh Tattoo

Sport

Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Sport Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Food and Drink

Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture
Food and Drink Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z of British Culture

Festivals – Burn’s Night

Robert Burns, To A Haggis (1786) Fair fa' your honest, sonsie face, Great chieftain o' the pudding-race! Aboon them a' yet tak your place, Painch, tripe, or thairm:

Weel are ye wordy o'a grace As lang's my arm.

The groaning trencher there ye fill, Your hurdies like a distant hill, Your pin was help to mend a mill In time o'need, While thro' your pores the dews distil Like amber bead.

While thro' your pores the dews distil Like amber bead. Dewhurst: WS 2004/05 Lecture: An A-Z

Festivals – Hogmanay

Next week Cultures and Sub-Cultures
Next week
Cultures
and
Sub-Cultures