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Transcript of Early Forms and Traditional Sculpture in the

Philippines
Early Forms and Traditional Sculpture in the Philippines
Palawan
features on its lid a boat with two men rowing(the dead follows a long
journey to other world after completing his life on earth. The boatmen on the
lid of Manunggul jar are be-lieved to be the souls of the dead traveling to
other world)
a mythical bird in the Darangen and similar to the garuda bird in Indonesian
mythology.
This figure is said to be a status symbol in the community.
The art of sculpture is also popular among the Maranaos as evident in their
okir designs in the torogan, panulong, and their musical instruments.
SArimanok
low relief engraving of human and animal figures seen in a cave in Angono,
Rizal (3000 BCE)
turtles or pawikan shown in the rock arts of the early Filipinos symbolized
honor and prestige
likha palapat
Calatagan, Batangas
made from brain corals
early sample of stone carving in the country using crude materials
In the jungle mountain of Pinol, Maitum in Sarangani
anthropomorphic burial jars
discovered in Ayub Cave by a team of experts from National Museum in the
late 20th century
carved head figures on the jar cover that are be-lieved to be the image of the
deceased
mountain region of the Cordilleras
wooden figure of a god that serves as guardian to rice granaries and
pathways.
It is believed that this seated figure will drive away evil and keep the owner
away from bad luck and bring good harvest.
Bul-ol
Leta-Leta Cave, Langen Island, Palawan
The effigy jar features a neck and lip of a yawning man
Leta-leta jar
Manunggul Burial Jar
Maitum Jar

QUIZ no. 1

1. Manunggul jar are be-lieved to be the souls of the dead traveling to


other world
2. BULUL wooden figure of a god that serves as guardian to rice granaries
and pathways.
It is believed that this seated figure will drive away evil and keep the
owner away from bad luck and bring good harvest.
3. LETA LETA JAR The effigy jar features a neck and lip of a yawning man
4. SARIMANOK a mythical bird in the Darangen and similar to the garuda
bird in Indonesian mythology.
This figure is said to be a status symbol in the community.
5. MAITUM JARS discovered in Ayub Cave by a team of experts from
National Museum in the late 20th century carved head figures on the
jar cover that are be-lieved to be the image of the deceased

Transcript of Philippine Art during the Spanish Colonial


Regime
Philippine Art during the Spanish Colonial Regime
Poetry
The friars published devotional and catechetical books to proselytize the
colonized people, as well as grammar books and vernacular-Spanish
dictionaries and incorporated into these publications the first example of
vernacular poetry to be printed in the Roman Alphabet.

Example :
"Salamat ng Uolang Hoyang"
(Unending Thanks) of
Pedro Suarez Ossorio.
Early Comedia
Pompous celebrations, centering around the church, served to draw the
colonized people toward the new culture, as well as to give expression to
theirs festive spirit that had been manifested in their own rituals.

As early as 1597, a festival was held lasting for several days when the relics
of St. Potenciana and of one hundred martyrs and twenty popes arrived in
the Philippines to be distributed among the newly built churches. The
festivities to celebrate the arrival included parades and processions.

Metrical
Romances
The End
Phillipine Art during Spanish Colonial Regime

When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used
art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images to
explain the concepts behind Catholicism, to tell the stories of Christ's life and
passion.
Spanish Colonial Period

Eighteenth Century

In the first two centuries of colonization, the local Spanish Government


depended upon the trade of Chinese silk with Mexican silver - the Galleon
Trade - for its instance and subsistence.

Although it is true that the Spaniards and the Chinese were the ones who
benefited from the trade, the profits reached the natives in the course of by-
and-sell of their farm products.

Progress of some sort, therefore touched even the rural areas; within a span
of a hundred years, the original mission settlements flourished into big
towns. In the resulting growth of socialization, the Pricipalia unabashedly
copied Spanish customs as symbols of their rising status. In termarriage with
Spanish and Mexican soldiers further added to the hispanization of our
culture.

Seventeenth Century
The propagation of catholic faith could not have been successful without
religious paintings, engravings, and sculpture, as well as devotional hymns
and verses, the earliest example of literary and musical pieces to which the
natives were exposed. Thus, by the middle of 17th century, many natives
begun to produce poems, paintings, and musical compositions which echoed
Western artistic styles. These early colonial artists were chiefly church clerks,
converts who were prominent in the community and whom the missionaries
had singled out for their artistic talents. These, together with the members of
the town ruling class, the cabeza de barangay, who had the privilege of
being exempted from force labor.

Nineteenth Century
The 19th century saw a rise of national consciousness among Filipinos. This
was brought about by many factors, the most important of which were the
economic and political developments resulting from the opening of the
Philippine ports to world trade in 1834 , as well as the opening of the Suez
Canal.

National consciousness was expressed through the reform movement


following in the execution of fathers Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez and Jacinto
Zamora.
Metrical
Romances
Music and Dance
At first the only reading matter approved by the friars was the life of Christ
and the saints.

A metrical tale composed of octosyllabic verses called corrido, to be


distinguished from the awit which is made pf dodcasyllabic lines.
In the 18th century Philippine dances showed considerable European
influence. The

contradanza,

and

minuet

and the

fandango

enjoyed a vogue in the islands, but these were interpreted here with willowy
grace and light

The making of effigies of these religious personages with symbols drew out
the fertile imagination of our early carvers and gave them opportunity to
represent sercular matters.

Music and
Dance
Visual Arts
The concept of patronage emerged. Artisans were commissioned and paid to
carve, engrave, and paint. They replaced the arts that were once done in a
communal spirit and community setting for rituals. The church, particularly
the friars, became the new patron of the arts.

Since most art produced during the first two centuries of Spanish occupation
were for the church, the friars enforced strict supervision over their
production. Until the 19th century, art was only for the church and religious
use.