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206, RAZDAN MANSION, JALORI GATE, JODHPUR.

GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION
REPORT

REPORT NO. GAPL PROJ SKM 0170 14-


14-15
CLIENT: MR A.K.AGARWAL

SOIL INVESTIGATION FOR CONSTRUCTION OF A


MULTISTORIED RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
LOCATED OPPOSITE NCC GROUND
ON PWD COLONY ROAD, JODHPUR, RAJASTHAN

DECEMBER, 2014
GEO-APPRAISAL

1.0 INTRODUCTION
Mr A.K.Agarwal plans to construct a thirteen storied residential complex on a plot of land
located opposite NCC ground on PWD colony road in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. The structure
has a provision for a 5.50m to 6.0m deep parking basement. As such the foundations are
likely to be founded between the depths of 6.5m to 7.0m below natural ground level. M/s
Geo-Appraisal Pvt. Ltd., Jodhpur, was entrusted with the job of conducting sub-soil
investigation at the location of the proposed structure. This report covers the findings of the
investigation carried out up to depth of 15.0m from the natural ground level.

2.0 PURPOSE OF STUDY


The purpose of the study was to evaluate the sub surface lithology up to a depth of
15.0m from the ground surface at the proposed location, so as to develop
recommendations for foundation design. To accomplish this purpose, the study was
conducted in the following phases.
Drilling of two boreholes at the proposed location to determine soil condition as
well as to obtain representative samples for laboratory testing.
Testing of samples in the laboratory to evaluate their index and engineering
properties.
Performing engineering analysis of all the field and laboratory data to arrive at
the safe bearing capacity.

3.0 FIELD INVESTIGATION


3.1 Drilling of boreholes
Two boreholes of 150mm diameter were drilled using a hydraulic rotary diamond core-
drilling machine. Standard penetration tests were conducted at regular interval in the
boreholes drilled. These tests were carried out in accordance with IS: 2131. While
conducting SPT, the number of blows required to penetrate first 15cm of the sampler
into the soil section were ignored due to the possible presence of cuttings from drilling
operations. Thereafter the number of blows N required to drive the next 30 cm of the
sampler was recorded. The test was stopped when number of blows required for 30cm
penetration exceeded 100. The stratum was then designated as refusal strata. The soil
samples collected during the conduct of SPT were utilized for most of the index
property tests. These samples were also used for determination of shear strength

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properties on remolded samples. Lower of the N value at a particular depth between


the two bore holes has been adopted for settlement calculations.
4.0 GENERAL SITE CONDITIONS
4.1 Litho-logical stratification
The investigated area essentially consists of a thin silty sand layer followed by loose to
medium dense gravel sand clay mixtures up to an average depth of 6.25m from natural
ground level. The gravely layer is intercalated with thin bouldary bands beyond
4.0m.These mixtures at depth are followed by sandy clayey/ clayey sand and further
followed by weak and fine grained semi-consolidated sandstone up to the depth of
investigation. The strata exhibits improved strength characteristics with depth.
4.2 Ground water
The ground water level in the investigated area is shallow and stood between the depths
of 3.20m and 3.35m at the two locations investigated. Shallow water level in the area is
attributed to seepage from nearby nallah that flows in close proximity to the proposed
structure forming a perched water table. The ground water levels in the area are
expected to rise further during monsoons. Therefore keeping this factor in view and as
a matter of abundant caution, a submergence correction of 0.5 has been adopted in all
the bearing capacity calculations.

5.0 ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF THE SUB SOIL AND ROCK MASS


The representative soil samples collected from boreholes were subjected to different lab
tests for the purpose of soil identification (index tests) as well as for other relevant
engineering properties. The index tests comprised of the following which were
conducted as per IS: 2720.
Bulk Density
Particle Size Distribution
Plasticity Characteristics
Swelling Characteristics
Chemical Characteristics
The engineering tests aimed at the determination of shear strength parameters.
Remolded samples were used to determine shear parameters on a direct shear box
apparatus. The remolded samples were compacted to the field density at appropriate

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natural moisture content. Mercury displacement method was used for estimating bulk
density in laboratory. The chemical tests essentially consisted of determination of
electrical conductivity, chlorides, sulphates and pH.
All the results of the index properties and engineering property tests of soil samples are
tabulated in soil profile tables attached as Annexure at the end of this report.

6.0 DISCUSSION OF LABORATORY TEST RESULTS


Soil samples recovered from the boreholes were tested in the laboratory for their index,
chemical and engineering properties. These tests were carried out as per standard codal
practice.
6.1 Grain Size Distribution
The grain size analysis of the sub-soil samples collected from the drilled boreholes has
indicated that the percentage of fines increases up to an average depth of 7.50m and
then starts decreasing with depth. The percentage of fines in the top gravely layer varies
from 14.06% to 48.73%.The percentage increases to 73.02% in sandy clays.
6.2 Plasticity Characteristics
Plasticity tests of the samples collected during drilling have indicated moderate to high
plasticity characteristics. Liquid limit for majority of the samples tested in the top
gravely layer varies from 25.41% to 31.09%. Plasticity index for the underlying sandy
clays/ clayey sands averages more than 36%. The plasticity characteristics have been
determined on fraction passing 425micron sieve. Cone-penetration method was used to
estimate liquid limit values.

6.3 Swelling Characteristics


The subsoil in the investigated area contains appreciable percentage of fines in the top
soil cover and also in the underlying strata. Two most important swelling properties are
differential free swell and swelling pressure.

Differential Free Swell


Differential free swell (D.F.S) test of the material passing 425-micron size sieve for soil
samples recovered from boreholes was undertaken. The tests have indicated low to
moderate percentages of differential free swell for the samples tested at the location of
the two boreholes. Differential free swell percentages for the top gravely layer varies

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from zero to 27.27. The swell percentages for sandy clays / clayey sands vary from
16.66 to 25 indicating marginal swelling characteristics. The bearing stratum at this
location in general can be classified as non-expansive.
Since DFS percentages at some depths are on a higher side it was decided to go for
confirmatory swelling pressure tests. Swelling pressure tests give us a quantifiable
estimate of the swelling pressures that could act on the proposed foundations.
Swelling Pressure
The soil samples taken from different depths have also been checked for swelling
pressure. Soil samples were remolded at field density and tested for swelling under
initial dry conditions and constant volume. The swelling pressures are seen to vary
from a minimum of 4.09t/m2 to a maximum of 9.64t/m2 for the bearing stratum. These
values indicate low to medium degree of expansion with degree of severity as non-
critical to marginal.

6.4 Shear Strength


Shear strength tests were carried out on representative soil samples collected from
depths of 4.5m, 6.0m, 7.5m and 9.0m. Shear strength tests of representative samples
were conducted on a direct shear box apparatus under worst moisture conditions and
using remolded samples. The remolding of samples was done at field density and
moisture content. Three different magnitudes of normal/confining pressures were
employed during the conduct of the test (0.5kg/cm2, 1.0kg/cm2 and 1.5kg/cm2) from
which c and values were calculated.
The samples tested have shown cohesion value ranging from is of 0.065kg/cm2 to 0.10
kg/cm2 .The angle of shearing resistance () is seen to vary from a minimum of
27.91deg to a maximum of 34.95deg. For calculation purpose average shear strength
values derived at the two locations investigated have been taken into account.

. 6.5 Chemical Properties Sub-Soil


Representative soil samples recovered from the bore hole no-1 between the depths of
3.0m and 7.5m were analyzed for their chemical properties, namely, electrical
conductivity, pH., sulphate and chloride content. These factors are known to influence
the performance of the cement concrete constructions. The tests have revealed that
electrical conductivity for the soil samples is seen to vary from a minimum of 86.00

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micro-mohos/cm to 93.00 micro-mohos/cm. Chloride percentage is seen to vary from


0.0211% to 0.0271%. Sulphate concentration varies from 0.0007% to 0.0037%.pH
varies from 8.71 to 8.96.
IS456 2000 has specified five levels of severity of environmental exposure to which
the foundation concrete can be exposed to during its working life. The table below
explains different classes of exposure conditions.

Based on above classification and the results of chemical test on subsoil it is estimated
that the foundation concrete in its lifetime will experience moderate environmental
exposure. Hence Moderate category best describes the environmental exposure
conditions prevailing at site for foundation concrete.
It is desirable that cement concrete of adequate strength and durability should be
prepared for Moderate category of environmental exposure conditions as per IS456
guidelines. IS456 recommend minimum Grade of concrete for PCC as M-15 where as
recommended minimum grade of concrete for RCC is M25.
The total sulphate concentration in subsoil and groundwater is expected to be less than
0.20%. However, maximum measured chloride concentration in subsoil is 0.0271%. IS

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456 Table 4 classifies this Sulphate concentration as Class 1 and in presence of


Moderate environmental exposure warrants that minimum cement content per Cubic
Metre of reinforced concrete should be 300 Kg and Maximum Water Cement ratio
should be 0.50

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7.0 BEARING CAPACITY DETERMINATION


For the satisfactory performance of the foundation following criteria must be satisfied.
1. The foundation must be safe against shear failure.
2. The foundation must not undergo excessive settlement.

8.0 CHECK AGAINST SHEAR FAILURE AS PER IS 6403 1981


The process of check against shear failure is initiated by first identifying the depth of
shear failure zone and then adopting a representative value of shear strength for the
strata characterizing the shear failure zone.
Depth of shear failure zone below foundation base is given by an equation proposed
by Bowles (1982).
Depth of shear failure zone = 0.5 x B x tan (450 + / 2)
Where,
B is the width of the foundation

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is the angle of shearing resistance of the soil layer on which the foundation
rests.
The averaged c- value is obtained by the concept of weighted average proposed by
Bowles. (Ref. J.E. Bowles (1997), Foundation Analysis and Design, Fifth Edition,
McGRAW Hill International Edition)
Cav = (c1 x H1 + c2 x H2 + c3 x H3 + .. + cn x Hn) / Hi
av = tan-1 {(H1 x tan 1 + H2 x tan 2 + .. + Hn x tan n) / Hi}
Where,
Ci = cohesion in stratum of thickness Hi;
i = angle of internal friction in stratum of thickness Hi;
The averaged c- values are sometimes also conservatively adopted giving due
consideration to the behavior of strata under worst moisture conditions and values
reported in literature for given strata.

The averaged c- values are then used to estimate net ultimate bearing capacity. The
formula used is as follows:-
Formula: qult=[C*Nc*sc*dc*ic]+[q*(Nq-1)*sq*dq*iq]+[(1/2)*B*N*s*d*i*W']
Where:
B = Width of the Footing
= Bulk Unit Weight
C = Cohesion
q = Effective surcharge at the base level of foundation
W' = Correction factor for location of water table
Nc, Nq, N = Bearing capacity factors
sc, sq, s = Shape factors
dc, dq, d = Depth factors
ic, iq, i = Inclination factors

The Net Safe Bearing Capacity is derived from Ultimate Bearing Capacity by the
following relation:-
qa = [qult / FS]
Where:
qa = Net Safe Bearing Capacity

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qult = Net Ultimate Bearing Capacity


FS = Factor of Safety Usually taken as 3.00.

9.0 CHECK AGAINST EXCESSIVE & DIFFERENTAIL SETTLEMENTS


The settlements have been estimated by treating the soil mass as cohesion less soil. The
contribution of different layers is estimated using a relation recommended by Peck et al
and also using IS methods. (Fig -9 of the code IS8009 Part-1)

Structural Tolerance To Settlements & Differential Settlements


The values being adopted are 25.00mm for isolated and combined strip foundations and
40mm to 50mm for combined raft type of foundations. These are standard values
reported in literature and most appropriate for use under given conditions. N values
recorded in the bore holes drilled are seen to vary.
Average corrected N value calculated and adopted for settlement calculations are
given below.

Depth (m) Foundation Width (m) Average Corrected N

3.0 37.38
6.0
30 39.01
3.0 39.36
7.0
30.0 40.92

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10.0 SAFE ALLOWABLE BEARING CAPACITY ESTIMATES


Geo-Technical Design Studio 2007 (an in house developed software suite for solving
geotechnical problems as per IS recommendations) has been used for determination of
safe allowable bearing capacity. The bearing capacity has been calculated for isolated
foundations of 3.0m width and combined raft foundation of width 30.0m for foundation
depths of 6.0m and 7.0m.
Depth Shear Parameters Net Safe
Safe Allowable
From (Based on lab tests) Bearing Estimated
Foundation Dimension Bearing Capacity
Natural Capacity Settlements
/Type Based On N
Ground C (lab tests) (mm)
(deg) Values(t/m2)
level (m) (t/m2) (t/m2)
3.0m x 4.0m
26.0 36.10 18.00
(Isolated)
6.0
30.0m x 45.0m
52.0 81.76 25.43
(Combined Raft)
0.86 30.76
3.0m x 4.0m
27.0 35.44 19.04
(Isolated)
7.0
30.0m x 45.0m
52.0 77.64 26.78
(Combined Raft)

11.0 SAMPLE CALCULATION


Sample calculation for determination of safe allowable bearing capacity has been
carried out for a combined raft type of foundation of width 30.0m and length 45.0m and
placed at a depth of 7.0m from Natural Ground Level.

BEARING CAPACITY ANALYSIS (USING IS-6403 RECOMMENDATIONS)

Width Of Footing: 30.0 m

Length Of Footing: 45.00 m

Eccentricity Of Loading Along Width: 0.00 m

Eccentricity Of Loading Along Length: 0.00 m

Inclination Of Load To Vertical (Theta): 0.00 deg.

Cohesion: 0.0 ton/m

Angle Of Internal Friction: 30.76deg.

Effective Gamma: 2.0 ton/m

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Overburden Pressure: 2.00 ton/m

Water Table Correction: 0.50

Factor Of Safety: 3.00

DERIVE BEARING CAPACITY ASSUMING GENERAL-SHEAR:

Formula : qult = [ C * Nc * sc * dc * ic ] + [ q * ( Nq - 1 ) * sq * dq * iq ] + [ ( 1/2


) * By * Ny * sy * dy * iy * W' ]

Where:

By = Width Of The Footing x Bulk Density

C = Cohesion

q = Effective surcharge at the base level of foundation

W' = Correction factor for location of water table

Nc, Nq, Ny = Bearing Capacity Factors

sc, sq, sy = Shape Factors

dc, dq, dy = Depth Factors

ic, iq, iy = Inclination Factors

CALCULATION OF MOBILISED SHEAR STRENGTH PARAMETERS:

Mobilized Cohesion (C) = 0.67 * C = 0.58t/m2

Mobilized Angle Of Shearing Resistance () = 21.74 deg.

CALCULATION OF REDUCTION FACTOR FOR OVERBURDEN-PRESSURE

Bearing Capacity Is Corrected For Large Footings or Mats By Multiplying


The Effective Overburden Pressure By A Reduction Factor (Bowles 1988) = 0.70

Effective Overburden Pressure After Correction = 1.39 t/m

CALCULATION OF STANDARD BEARING CAPACITY FACTORS:


For = 30.87 deg.

Standard Factor (Nq) = 20.07

Standard Factor (Ny) = 25.08

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Standard Factor (Nc) = 32.04

CALCULATION OF STANDARD BEARING CAPACITY FACTORS:


For = 21.83 deg.

Standard Factor (Nq) = 7.62

Standard Factor (Ny) = 6.87

Standard Factor (Nc) = 16.60

Standard Factors Used In Calculation


Standard Factor (Nc) = 20.47
Standard Factor (Nq) = 10.74
Standard Factor (Ny) = 11.45

CALCULATION OF SHAPE FACTORS:


For = 30.87 deg.

Shape Factor (sc) = 1.13


Shape Factor (sq) = 1.13
Shape Factor (sy) = 0.73

CALCULATION OF INCILINATION FACTORS:


For Theta = 0

Inclination Factor ic = 1.00


Inclination Factor iq = 1.00
Inclination Factor iy = 1.00

CALCULATION OF DEPTH FACTORS:

Depth Factor (dc) = 1.08


Depth Factor (dq) = 1.04
Depth Factor (dy) = 1.04

Net Ultimate Bearing Capacity = 155.63t/m2

DERIVE NET SAFE BEARING CAPACITY:

qa = [ qult / SF ]

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qa = Allowable Bearing capacity

qult = Ultimate Bearing capacity

SF = Safty Factor

Net Safe Bearing Capacity (A Factor Of Safety Value=3.00) = 52.0t/m2

CHECK AGAINST EXCESSIVE & DIFFERENTAIL SETTLEMENTS


STANDARD PENETRATION TEST:

INPUT DATA / PARAMETERS:

Layer Properties
S.No Depth to Bulk Observed
Bottom of Layer Density 'N' Values
(m) (t/m )
1 1.50 1.88 13
2 3.00 1.97 26
3 4.50 1.93 36
4 6.00 1.97 41
5 7.50 1.94 60
6 9.00 1.89 62
7 10.50 1.90 71
8 12.00 1.95 83
9 15.00 2.02 100
Other Details Required for Standard Penetration Test

Depth Of Foundation : 7.00 m


Width Of Foundation : 30.0 m
Depth To Water Table : 3.0 m
OUTPUT DATA / RESULTS:

Effective Over Burden Pressure Calculation:

Layer No. : 1 Layer Thickness: 1.50 m Layer Bulk Density: 1.88t/m

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Cumulative Total Of Effective Overburden Pressure = 2.82t/m

Layer No. : 2 Layer Thickness: 1.50m Layer Bulk Density: 1.97t/m

Cumulative Total Of Effective Overburden Pressure = 5.77t/m

Bearing capacity is corrected for Large footings or mats by multiplying


the effective overburden pressure by a reduction factor (Bowles 1988) = 0.69
Effective Overburden Pressure After Correction = 6.65 t/m

Correcting And Averaging Of N Values :

Assumed Depth Of Shear Zone Below Ground Surface = 67.0 m


Depth Of Foundation = 7.00 m
Width of Foundation = 30.0 m

'N' = Observed 'N' Values


'Ne' = 'N' Value After Submergence Correction
'Cn' = Overburden Correction Factor
'Nc' = Corrected 'N' Value

SNo. Depth ( m) 'N' 'Ne' 'Cn' 'Nc'


1 7.50 60 37.50 1.00 37.52
2 9.0 62 38.50 0.95 36.91
3 10.50 71 43.00 0.92 39.61
4 12.00 83 49.00 0.88 43.40
5 15.00 100 57.50 0.82 47.16

Average Corrected 'N' Value For Footing Placed At 7.00 m Below Ground Level = 40.92

Modified Average Of Corrected N Values: 40.92

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Net safe bearing capacity of 52.0t/m2 derived using laboratory shear strength parameter
is checked for settlement using average corrected N value. Total settlements calculated
using chosen N value of 40.92 for a combined raft of width 30.0m and embedded at
7.0m depth below the natural ground level are 77.64mm. The estimated settlements are
more than the allowable total permissible settlement of 40mm. For 40mm permissible
settlement the safe allowable bearing capacity is 26.78t/m2. This value has been
derived using iterations in computer software until the settlements are within
permissible limits and hence becomes the safe allowable bearing capacity.

Similarly, for an isolated type of foundation placed at 7.0m depth the Net safe bearing
capacity of 27.0t/m2 derived using laboratory shear strength parameter is checked for
settlement using average corrected N value. Total settlements calculated using chosen
N value of 39.36 for an isolated foundation of width 3.0m and embedded at 7.0m depth
below the natural ground level are 35.44mm. For 40mm permissible settlement the safe
allowable bearing capacity is 19.04t/m2. This value has been derived using iterations in
computer software until the settlements are within permissible limits.

12.0 PRINCIPAL FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS


The investigated area essentially consists of loose to medium dense gravel sand clay
mixtures up to an average depth of 6.25m from natural ground level. The gravely
layer is intercalated with thin boulder bands beyond 4.0m.These mixtures at depth
are followed by sandy clayey/ clayey sand and further followed by weak and fine
grained semi-consolidated sandstone up to the depth of investigation. The strata
exhibits improved strength characteristics with depth.
The ground water level in the investigated area is shallow and stood between the
depths of 3.20m and 3.35m at the two locations investigated. Shallow water level in
the area is attributed to seepage from nearby nallah that flows in close proximity to
the proposed structure forming a perched water table. The ground water levels in
the area are expected to rise further during monsoons. Therefore keeping this factor
in view and as a matter of abundant caution, a submergence correction of 0.5 has
been adopted in all the bearing capacity calculations.
The bearing stratum is non swelling in nature and requires no special measures to
prevent distress to the structure on account of swelling.

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Safe allowable bearing capacity has been calculated based on the recommendations
given in IS- 6403 1981. The table below gives recommended bearing capacities
calculated at depths of 6.0m and 7.0m at the investigated location. These values are
applicable for raft type foundation of width 30m and length 45m and for an adopted
allowable total settlement of 40.00mm. Isolated footings/rafts are not recommended
under given subsoil conditions.
Safe Allowable Bearing
Depth Of Foundation
Capacity
(m)
(t/m2)
6.0 25.00

7.00 26.50

The minimum recommended depth of foundation should be at least 1.0m below the
floor level of the basement.
A 100 150 mm thick blinding layer of lean concrete, to facilitate placement of
reinforcing steel, should be laid. The founding level should be adequately
compacted.
Adequate dewatering measures will have to be adopted at the investigated location
as the ground water level is shallow. Lowering of ground water level should be
ensured before placing the foundation in the excavated trench. A minimum of two
bore holes will be required to lower the ground water level. The pumped water will
have to be disposed in the sewer line.
Chemical analyses of soil samples indicates moderate corrosive environment. It is
desirable that cement concrete of adequate strength and durability should be
prepared for Moderate category of environmental exposure conditions as per
IS456 guidelines. M15 Grade of concrete for PCC and M25 Grade of concrete for
RCC at the foundation level should be adopted

For Geo-Appraisal Pvt. Ltd.

S.K. Mam
Director

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ANNEXURE

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SOIL PROFILE TABLE
LOCATION BH-1
CONSTRUCTION OF A MULTISTORIED RESIDENTIAL BUILDING AT RATANADA, JODHPUR.

SHEARING
DEPTH OF EACH RUN (m)

S.P.T BLOWS PLASTICITY GRAIN SIZE SWELLING


WATER TABLE LEVEL /
NATURE OF SAMPLING

BULK DENSITY (gms / cm3)


CHEMICAL PROPERTIES STRENGTH
PER 30CM CHARACTERISTICS DISTRIBUTION PROPERTIES

SIZE OF HOLE (mm)

REPRESENTATION
CHARACTERISTIC

SYMBOLIC
VISUAL
LWL (m)

LIQUID LIMIT (%)

FREE SWELL (%)

PRESSURE (T/M2)
% TOTAL FINES
PLASTIC LIMIT

DIFFERENTIAL
DESCRIPTION

(MILLIMOHOS\CM)

COHESION C

RESISTANCE
CHLORIDES (%)
CONDUCTIVITY
PLASTICITY

SULPHATE (%)
% GRAVEL

SWELLING
SHEARING
ANGLE OF
ELECTRICAL
DEPTH (m)

INDEX (%)

(KG/cm2)
% SAND
VALUE

pH (1:2)
OF SOILS

(1:5)
(%)
SILTY SAND
( 0.0 m 0.85 m )
0.0 - 1.5 DS 1.5 13 150 26.44 18.07 8.37 23.81 62.13 14.06 1.88 - - - - - - 0.00 -
SAND GRAVEL
CLAY MIXTURE
BROWNISH RED
IN COLOUR
( 0.85 m - 1.95 m )
1.5 - 3.0 DS 3.0 26 150 29.52 18.20 11.32 8.96 62.01 29.03 1.97 8.96 0.089 0.0211 0.0037 - - 18.18 -
3.20 m FROM NATURAL GROUND LEVEL

SAND GRAVEL
3.0 - 4.5 DS 4.5 36 150 CLAY MIXTURE - - - 20.07 52.17 27.76 - - - - - 0.074 34.95 16.16 4.37
ASSOCIATED
WITH BOULDERY
BANDS
4.5 - 6.0 DS 6.0 41 150 31.09 18.77 12.32 16.13 53.09 30.78 - 8.71 0.093 0.0240 0.0018 0.065 32.82 16.66 -
( 1.95 m - 6.85 m )

6.0 - 7.5 DS 7.5 100 150 30.61 17.29 13.32 16.51 52.31 31.18 1.94 8.76 0.086 0.0271 0.0007 0.087 32.22 8.33 -
MEDIM DENSE TO
DENSE CLAYEY
SAND /SANDY
CLAYS
7.5 - 9.0 DS 9.0 100/9 cm 150 ASSOCIATED 37.55 21.71 15.84 8.83 58.18 32.99 - - - - - - - 16.16 4.09
WITH LITTLE
GRAVEL

9.0 - 10.5 DS 10.5 100/5 cm 150 ( 6.85 m - 9.50 m ) - - - 10.21 66.42 23.37 1.90 - - - - - - 9.09 -

WEAK & FINE


10.5 - 12.0 DS 12.0 83 150 GRAINED SEMI 26.46 15.58 10.88 14.16 62.13 23.71 - - - - - - - 10.00 -
CONSOLIDATED
SANDSTONE

12.0 - 15.0 DS 15.0 145 150 ( 9.50 m - 15.00 m ) - - - 24.05 54.38 21.57 2.02 - - - - - - 10.00 -
GEO-APPRAISAL PVT. LTD.
SOIL PROFILE TABLE
LOCATION BH-2
CONSTRUCTION OF A MULTISTORIED RESIDENTIAL BUILDING AT RATANADA, JODHPUR.

SHEARING

DEPTH OF EACH RUN (m)


S.P.T BLOWS PLASTICITY GRAIN SIZE SWELLING

WATER TABLE LEVEL /


NATURE OF SAMPLING

BULK DENSITY (gms / cm3)


STRENGTH
PER 30CM CHARACTERISTICS DISTRIBUTION PROPERTIES

SIZE OF HOLE (mm)

REPRESENTATION
CHARACTERISTIC

SYMBOLIC
VISUAL

LWL (m)

LIQUID LIMIT (%)

FREE SWELL (%)

PRESSURE (T/M2)
% TOTAL FINES
PLASTIC LIMIT

DIFFERENTIAL
DESCRIPTION

COHESION C

RESISTANCE
PLASTICITY

% GRAVEL

SWELLING
SHEARING
ANGLE OF
DEPTH (m)

INDEX (%)

(KG/cm2)
% SAND
VALUE
OF SOILS

(%)
TOP RUBBLE
SILTY SAND
( 0.45 m - 0.80 m )
0.0 - 1.5 DS 1.5 36 150 25.41 15.49 9.92 36.04 46.18 17.78 1.89 - - 0.00 -
SAND GRAVEL
CLAY MIXTURE
( 0.80 m - 1.80 m )
- -
1.5 - 3.0 DS 3.0 43 150 SAND GRAVEL 28.55 16.28 12.27 16.38 62.34 21.28 1.96 16.66 -
- -
CLAY MIXTURE
ASSOCIATED
3.35 m FROM NATURAL GROUND LEVEL

3.0 - 4.5 DS 4.5 80 150 WITH BOULDRY - - - 12.56 38.71 48.73 - - - 27.27 6.67
BANDS
BROWNISH RED
IN COLOUR
4.5 - 6.0 DS 6.0 110 150 ( 1.80 m 4.80 m ) 37.93 18.45 19.48 6.93 28.53 64.54 - 0.10 27.91 15.38 -

SANDY CLAYEY
6.0 - 7.5 DS 7.5 60 150 / CLAYEY SAND 38.95 18.76 20.19 2.37 24.61 73.02 1.98 0.098 28.92 7.69 -
ASSOCIATED
WITH LITTLE
GRAVELS
7.5 - 9.0 DS 9.0 62 150 - - - 4.05 36.12 59.83 - 0.091 30.17 16.66 -
( 4.80 m - 9.85 m )

9.0 - 10.5 DS 10.5 71 150 34.95 19.69 15.26 18.12 32.08 49.80 1.98 - - 27.27 -

10.5 - 12.0 DS 12.0 100/8 cm 150 - - - 24.36 44.31 31.33 - - - 10.00 9.64
WEAK & FINE
GRAINED SEMI
CONSOLIDATED
12.0 - 13.5 DS 13.5 100/10 cm 150 SANDSTONE 26.65 16.63 10.02 6.41 64.31 29.28 2.11 - - 9.09 -

( 9.85 m - 15.00 m )
13.5 - 15.0 DS 15.0 100/11 cm 150 - - - 0.00 80.38 19.62 - - - 20.00