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Program Name Source Content

1.3 Pritchett Clock Repair Shop Excel QM Breakeven Analysis


1.4 Pritchett Clock Repair Shop Excel QM Goal Seek
2.1 Expected Value and Variance Excel Expected Value and Variance

2.2 Binomial Probabilities Excel Binomial Probabilities


2.3 Normal distribution Excel Normal distribution
2.4 F Distribution Excel F distribution probabilities
2.5 Exponential Distribution Excel Exponential probabilities
2.6 Poisson distribution Excel Poisson probabilities
3.1 Thompson Lumber Excel Decision Table
3.5 Bayes Theorem for Thompson Lumber Example Excel Bayes Theorem
4.1 Triple A Construction Company Sales Excel Regression
4.2 Jenny Wilson Realty Excel Multiple Regression
4.3 Jenny Wilson Realty Excel Dummy Variables - Regression
4.4 MPG Data Excel Linear Regression
4.5 MPG Data Excel Nonlinear Regression
4.6 Solved Problem 4-2 Excel Regression
4.8 Triple A Construction Company Sales Excel QM Regression
5.1 Wallace Garden Supply Shed Sales Excel QM Weighted Moving Average
5.2 Port of Baltimore Excel QM Exponential Smoothing
5.3 Midwestern Manufacturing's Demand Excel QM Expo. Smoothing with Trend
5.4 Midwestern Manufacturing's Demand Excel Trend Analysis
5.5 Midwestern Manufacturing's Demand Excel QM Trend Analysis
5.6 Turner Industries Excel QM Multiplicative Decomposition
5.7 Turner Industries Excel Multiple Regression
6.1 Sumco Pump Company Excel QM EOQ Model
6.2 Brown Manufacturing Excel QM Production Run Model
6.3 Brass Department Store Excel QM Quantity Discount Model
6.4 Hinsdale Company Safety Stock Excel QM Safety Stock
7.2 Flair Furniture Excel Linear Programming
7.4 Holiday Meal Turkey Ranch Excel Linear Programming
7.6 High note sound company Excel Linear Programming
7.7 Flair Furniture Excel QM Linear Programming
8.1 Win Big Gambling Club Excel Linear Programming
8.2 Management Science Associates Excel Linear Programming
8.3 Fifth Avenue Industries Excel Linear Programming
8.4 Greenberg Motors Excel Linear Programming
8.5 Labor Planning Example Excel Linear Programming
8.6 ICT Portfolio Selection Excel Linear Programming
8.5xx Top Speed Bicycle Company Excel Linear Programming
8.7 Goodman Shipping Excel Linear Programming
8.8 Whole Foods Nutrition Problem Excel Linear Programming
8.9 Low Knock Oil Company Excel Linear Programming
8.10 Top Speed Bicycle Company Excel Linear Programming
9.1 Transportation Example Excel Linear Programming
9.2 Fix-It Shop Excel QM Linear Programming
9.3 Frosty Machines Transshipment Problem Excel Linear Programming
9.4 Transportation Problem - Birmingham Excel QM Transportation
9.5 Fix-It Shop Assignment Excel QM Assignment
9.1 Executive Furniture Company Excel QM Transportation
9.2 Birmingham Plant Excel QM Transportation
10.2 Harrison Electric IP Analysis Excel Integer programming
10.4 Bagwell Chemical Company Excel Integer programming
10.5 Quemo Chemical Company Excel Integer programming
10.6 Sitka Manufacturing Company Excel Integer programming
10.7 Simkin, Simkin and Steinberg Excel Integer programming
10.9 Great Western Appliance Excel Nonlinear programming
10.10 Hospicare Corp Excel Nonlinear programming
10.11 Thermlock Gaskets Excel Nonlinear programming
10.12 Solved Problem 10-1 Excel 0-1 programming
10.13 Solved Problem 10-3 Excel Nonlinear programming
12.1 PERT - General Foundry Example Excel QM Crashing
12.2 Crashing General Foundry Problem Excel Crashing
12.extra Crashing General Foundry Problem Excel QM Crashing
13.1 Arnold's Muffler Shop Excel QM Single Server (M/M/1) system
13.2 Arnold's Muffler Shop Excel QM Multi-Server (M/M/m) system
13.3 Golding Recycling, Inc. Excel QM Constant Service Rate (M/D/1)
13.4 Department of Commerce Excel QM Finite population
14.2 Harry's Tire Shop Excel Simulation (inventory)
14.3 Generating Normal Random Numbers Excel Random #s and Frequency
14.4 Harry's Tire Shop Excel QM Simulation (inventory)
14.5 Port of New Orleans Barge Unloadings Excel Simulation (waiting line)
14.6 Three Hills Power Company Excel Maintenance Simulation
15.3 Three Grocery Example Excel Markov Analysis
15.4 Accounts Receivable Example Excel Fundamental Matrix & Absorbing States
16.1 Box Filling Example Excel QM Quality = x-bar chart
16.2 Super Cola Example Excel QM Quality = x-bar chart
16.3 ARCO Excel QM p-Chart Analysis
16.4 Red Top Cab Company Excel QM c-Chart Analysis
Module
M1.1 AHP Excel
M5.1 Matrix Multiplication Excel
- Regression
Rate (M/D/1)

ix & Absorbing States


Pritchett Clock Repair Shop

Breakeven Analysis
Enter
Enter the
the fixed
fixed and
and variable
variable costs
costs and
and the selling price in the data area.

Data Cost-volume analysis


Rebuilt Springs 12
Fixed cost 1000 10
8

$
Variable cost 5
Revenue 10 6
4
2
Results 0
Breakeven points 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
Units 200 Costs Revenue Units
Dollars $ 2,000.00

Graph
Units Costs Revenue
0 1000 0
400 3000 4000
Pritchett Clock Repair Shop

Breakeven Analysis
Enter
Enter the
the fixed
fixed and
and variable
variable costs
costs and
and the selling price in the data area.

Data
Rebuilt Springs
Fixed cost 1000
Variable cost 5
Revenue 10.71
Volume (optional) 250

Results
Breakeven points
Units 175
Dollars $ 1,875.00

Volume Analysis@ 250


Costs $ 2,250.00
Revenue $ 2,678.57
Profit $ 428.57

Graph
Units Costs Revenue
0 1000 0
350 2750 3750
X P(X) XP(X) (X - E(X))2P(X)
5 0.1 0.5 0.441
4 0.2 0.8 0.242
3 0.3 0.9 0.003
2 0.3 0.6 0.243
1 0.1 0.1 0.361
E(X) = XP(X) = 2.9 1.290
1.136

To see the formulas, hold down the CTRL key and press the ` (Grave accent) key
X))2P(X)

= Variance
= Standard deviation

press the ` (Grave accent) key


The Binomial Distribution
X = random variable for number of successes
n= 5 number of trials
p= 0.5 probability of a succes
r= 4 specific number of successes

Cumulative probabiliP(X < r) = 0.96875


Probability of exactlyP(X = r) = ###
X is a normal random variable
with mean, , and standard deviation, .
= 100
= 20
x= 75
P(X < x) = 0.10565
P(X > x) = 0.89435
F Distribution with df1 and df2 degrees of freedom
To find F given
df1 = 5
df2 = 6
= 0.05
F-value = 4.39

To find the probability to the right of a calculated value, f


df1 = 5
df2 = 6
f= 4.2
P(F > f) = 0.0548
Exponential distribution - the random variable (X) is time
Average number per time period = = 3 per hour
t= 0.5000 hours
P(X < t) = 0.7769
P(X > t) = 0.2231
Poisson distribution - the random variable is the number of occurrences per time period
= 2
x P(X) P(X < x)
0 0.1353 0.1353
1 0.2707 0.4060
2 0.7293 0.6767
urrences per time period
Thompson Lumber
Decision Tables
Enter
Enter the
the profits
profits or
or costs in the main body of the data table. Enter probabilities in the first row
if
if you want to compute the
you want to compute the expected
expected value.
value.
Data Results
Favorable Unfavorable
Profit Market Market EMV Minimum Maximum Hurwicz
Probability 0.5 0.5 coefficient 0.8
Large Plant 200000 -180000 10000 -180000 200000 124000
Small plant 100000 -20000 40000 -20000 100000 76000
Do nothing 0 0 0 0 0
Maximum 40000 0 200000 124000

Expected Value of Perfect Information


Column best 200000 0 100000 <-Expected value under certainty
40000 <-Best expected value
60000 <-Expected value of perfect information

Regret
Favorable MUnfavorable Market Expected Maximum
Probability 0.5 0.5
Large Plant 0 180000 90000 180000
Small plant 100000 20000 60000 100000
Do nothing 200000 0 100000 200000
Minimum 60000 100000
Bayes Theorem for Thompson Lumber Example

Fill in cells B7, B8, and C7

Probability Revisions Given a Positive Survey


State
of Posterior
Nature P(Sur.PosPrior Prob. Joint Pro Probability
FM 0.7 0.5 0.35 0.78
UM 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.22
P(Sur.pos.) 0.45

Probability
State Revisions Given a Negative Survey
of Posterior
Nature P(Sur.PosPrior Prob. Joint Pro Probability
FM 0.3 0.5 0.15 0.27
UM 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.73
P(Sur.neg. 0.55
Triple A Construction C SUMMARY OUTPUT

Sales (Y)Payroll (X) Regression Statistics


6 3 Multiple 0.8333
8 4 R Square 0.6944
9 6 Adjusted 0.6181
5 4 Standard 1.3110
4.5 2 Observat 6
9.5 5
ANOVA
df SS MS F
Regressi 1 15.6250 15.6250 9.0909
Residual 4 6.8750 1.7188
Total 5 22.5

Coefficients
Standard Error
t Stat P-value
Intercept 2 1.7425 1.1477 0.3150
Payroll (X 1.25 0.4146 3.0151 0.0394
Significance F
0.0394

Lower 95%
Upper 95%
Lower 95.0%
Upper 95.0%
-2.8381 6.8381 -2.8381 6.8381
0.0989 2.4011 0.0989 2.4011
Jenny Wilson Realty

SELL PRICE SF AGE


95000 1926 30
119000 2069 40
124800 1720 30
135000 1396 15
142800 1706 32
145000 1847 38
159000 1950 27
165000 2323 30
182000 2285 26
183000 3752 35
200000 2300 18
211000 2525 17
215000 3800 40
219000 1740 12

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.8197
R Square 0.6719
Adjusted R Squa 0.6122
Standard Error 24313
Observations 14

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 2 1.3E+010 ### 11.262 0.00217877
Residual 11 6.5E+009 ###
Total 13 2.0E+010

Coefficients
Standard Errort Stat P-value Lower 95% Upper 95%
Intercept ### ### 5.7543 0.0001 90545.2073 ###
SF 43.819 10.2810 4.2622 0.0013 21.1911 66.4476
AGE -2899 796.5649 -3.6390 0.0039 -4651.9139 -1145.4586
Lower 95.0%Upper 95.0%
### ###
21.1911 66.4476
-4651.9139 -1145.4586
Jenny Wilson Realty

SELL PRICE SF AGE X3 (ExcX4 (Mint Condition


95000 1926 30 0 0 Good
119000 2069 40 1 0 Excellent
124800 1720 30 1 0 Excellent
135000 1396 15 0 0 Good
142800 1706 32 0 1 Mint
145000 1847 38 0 1 Mint
159000 1950 27 0 1 Mint
165000 2323 30 1 0 Excellent
182000 2285 26 0 1 Mint
183000 3752 35 0 0 Good
200000 2300 18 0 0 Good
211000 2525 17 0 0 Good
215000 3800 40 1 0 Excellent
219000 1740 12 0 1 Mint

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.9476
R Square 0.8980
Adjusted R 0.8526
Standard Er ###
Observation 14

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 4 2E+010 4E+009 ### ###
Residual 9 2E+009 2E+008
Total 13 2E+010

Coefficients
Standard Errort Stat P-value Lower 95%
Upper 95%
Lower 95.0%
Intercept ### ### 6.981 0.000 ### ### ###
SF 56.43 6.95 8.122 0.000 40.71 72.14 40.71
AGE -3962.82 596.03 -6.649 0.000 ### ### ###
X3 (Exc.) 33162.65 ### 2.723 0.023 5610.43 ### 5610.43
X4 (Mint) 47369.25 ### 4.448 0.002 ### ### ###
Upper 95.0%
###
72.14
###
###
###
Automobile Weight vs. MPG SUMMARY OUTPUT

MPG (Y) Weight (X1) Regression Statistics


12 4.58 Multiple R 0.86288
13 4.66 R Square 0.74456
15 4.02 Adjusted R 0.71902
18 2.53 Standard E 5.00757
19 3.09 Observatio 12
19 3.11
20 3.18 ANOVA
23 2.68 df SS MS F Significance F
24 2.65 Regression 1 730.909 730.909 29.14802 0.000302
33 1.70 Residual 10 250.7577 25.07577
36 1.95 Total 11 981.6667
42 1.92
Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%
Intercept 47.6193 4.813151 9.89359 1.8E-006 36.89498
Weight (X1 -8.24597 1.527345 -5.398891 0.000302 -11.64911
Significance F

Upper 95%Lower 95.0%


Upper 95.0%
58.34371 36.89498 58.34371
-4.842833 -11.64911 -4.842833
Automobile Weight vs. MPG SUMMARY OUTPUT

MPG (Y) Weight (X1) WeightSq.(X2) Regression Statistics


12 4.58 20.98 Multiple R 0.9208
13 4.66 21.72 R Square 0.8478
15 4.02 16.16 Adjusted R 0.8140
18 2.53 6.40 Standard E 4.0745
19 3.09 9.55 Observatio 12
19 3.11 9.67
20 3.18 10.11 ANOVA
23 2.68 7.18 df SS MS F
24 2.65 7.02 Regression 2 832.2557 416.1278 25.0661
33 1.70 2.89 Residual 9 149.411 16.60122
36 1.95 3.80 Total 11 981.6667
42 1.92 3.69
Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value
Intercept 79.7888 13.5962 5.8685 0.0002
Weight (X1 -30.2224 8.9809 -3.3652 0.0083
WeightSq.( 3.4124 1.3811 2.4708 0.0355
Significance F
0.000209

Lower 95%Upper 95%Lower 95.0%


Upper 95.0%
49.0321 110.5454 49.0321 110.5454
-50.5386 -9.9062 -50.5386 -9.9062
0.2881 6.5367 0.2881 6.5367
Solved Problem 4-2

Advertising ($100) Y Sales X


11 5
6 3
10 7
6 2
12 8

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.9014
R Square 0.8125
Adjusted R Square 0.7500
Standard Error 1.4142
Observations 5

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 1 26 26 13 0.036618
Residual 3 6 2
Total 4 32

Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%Upper 95%Lower 95.0%
Intercept 4 1.5242 2.6244 0.0787 -0.8506 8.8506 -0.8506
Sales X 1 0.2774 3.6056 0.0366 0.1173 1.8827 0.1173
Upper 95.0%
8.8506
1.8827
Triple A Construction

Forecasting Regression/Trend analysis


IfIf this
this isis trend
trend analysis
analysis then then simply
simply enter
enter the
the past
past demands
demands in in the
the demand
demand
column.
column. IfIf this this isis causal
causal regression
regression then
then enter
enter the
the y,x
y,x pairs
pairs with
with yy first
first and
and
enter
enter aa new new value
value of of xx at
at the
the bottom
bottom inin order
order to
to forecast
forecast y.y.

Data Forecasts and Error Analysis


Period Demand (y) Period(x) Forecast Error Absolute Squared Abs Pct Err
Period 1 6 3 5.75 0.25 0.25 0.0625 04.17%
Period 2 8 4 7 1 1 1 12.50%
Period 3 9 6 9.5 -0.5 0.5 0.25 05.56%
Period 4 5 4 7 -2 2 4 40.00%
Period 5 4.5 2 4.5 0 0 0 00.00%
Period 6 9.5 5 8.25 1.25 1.25 1.5625 13.16%
Total 0 5 6.875 75.38%
Intercept 2 Average 0 0.833333 1.145833 12.56%
Slope 1.25 Bias MAD MSE MAPE
SE 1.311011
Next period 10.75 7
Correlatio 0.833333
Wallace Garden Supply

Forecasting Weighted moving averages - 3 period moving average


Enter
Enter the
the data
data in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. Enter
Enter weights
weights in
in
INCREASING
INCREASING order order from
from top
top to
to bottom.
bottom.

Data Forecasts and Error Analysis


Period Demand Weights Forecast Error Absolute Squared Abs Pct Err
January 10 1
February 12 2
March 13 3
April 16 12.1667 3.8333 3.8333 14.6944 23.96%
May 19 14.3333 4.6667 4.6667 21.7778 24.56%
June 23 17 6 6 36 26.09%
July 26 20.5 5.5 5.5 30.25 21.15%
August 30 23.8333 6.1667 6.1667 38.0278 20.56%
September 28 27.5 0.5 0.5 0.25 01.79%
October 18 28.3333 -10.3333 10.3333 106.7778 57.41%
November 16 23.3333 -7.3333 7.3333 53.7778 45.83%
December 14 18.6667 -4.6667 4.6667 21.7778 33.33%
Total 4.3333 49.0000 323.3333 254.68%
Average 0.4815 5.4444 35.9259 28.30%
Bias MAD MSE MAPE
SE 6.79636
Next period 15.3333333
Port of Baltimore

Forecasting Exponential smoothing


Enter
Enter alpha
alpha (between
(between 00 and and 1),
1), enter
enter the
the past
past demands
demands in in the
the shaded
shaded column
column then
then enter
enter aa starting
starting forecast.
forecast. IfIf the
the starting
starting
forecast
forecast isis not
not in
in the
the first
first period
period then
then delete
delete the
the error
error analysis
analysis for
for all
all rows
rows above
above the
the starting
starting forecast.
forecast.

Alpha 0.1
Data Forecasts and Error Analysis
Period Demand Forecast Error Absolute Squared Abs Pct Err
Quarter 1 180 175 5 5 25 02.78%
Quarter 2 168 175.5 -7.5 7.5 56.25 04.46%
Quarter 3 159 174.75 -15.75 15.75 248.0625 09.91%
Quarter 4 175 173.175 1.825 1.825 3.330625 01.04%
Quarter 5 190 173.3575 16.6425 16.6425 276.9728 08.76%
Quarter 6 205 175.0218 29.97825 29.97825 898.6955 14.62%
Quarter 7 180 178.0196 1.980425 1.980425 3.922083 01.10%
Quarter 8 182 178.2176 3.782382 3.782382 14.30642 0.02078232
Total 35.95856 82.45856 1526.54 44.75%
Average 4.49482 10.30732 190.8175 05.59%
Bias MAD MSE MAPE
SE 15.95065
Next period 178.595856
t. IfIf the
st. the starting
starting
Midwestern Manufacturing

Forecasting Trend adjusted exponential smoothing


Enter
Enter alpha
alpha and
and beta
beta (between
(between 00 andand 1),
1), enter
enter the
the past
past demands
demands in in the
the shaded
shaded column
column then
then enter
enter aa
starting
starting forecast.
forecast. IfIf the
the starting
starting forecast
forecast isis not
not in
in the
the first
first period
period then
then delete
delete the
the error
error analysis
analysis for
for all
all
rows
rows above
above the
the starting
starting forecast.
forecast.
Alpha 0.3
Beta 0.4
Data Forecasts and Error Analysis
Forecast
Smoothed Including
Forecast, Smoothed Trend,
Period Demand Ft Trend, Tt FITt Error Absolute Squared
Period 1 74 74 74 0 0 0
Period 2 79 74 0 74 5 5 25
Period 3 80 75.5 0.6 76.1 4.5 4.5 20.25
Period 4 90 77.27 1.068 78.338 12.73 12.73 162.0529
Period 5 105 81.8366 2.46744 84.30404 23.1634 23.1634 536.5431
Period 6 142 90.51283 4.950955 95.46378 51.48717 51.4872 2650.929
Period 7 122 109.4246 10.5353 119.9599 12.57535 12.5754 158.1395
Next period 120.572 10.78011 131.3521
Total 109.4559 109.456 3552.914
Average 15.63656 15.6366 507.5592
Bias MAD MSE
SE 26.65676
Abs Pct
Err
00.00%
06.33%
05.63%
14.14%
22.06%
36.26%
0.103077

94.73%
13.53%
MAPE
Midwestern Manufacturing

Time (X) Demand (Y)


1 74
2 79
3 80
4 90
5 105
6 142
7 122

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.89491
R Square 0.800863
Adjusted R 0.761036
Standard E 12.43239
Observatio 7

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 1 3108.036 3108.036 20.10837 0.006493
Residual 5 772.8214 154.5643
Total 6 3880.857

Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%Upper 95%Lower 95.0%
Upper 95.0%
Intercept 56.71429 10.50729 5.397615 0.002948 29.70445 83.72412 29.70445 83.72412
Time (X) 10.53571 2.349501 4.484236 0.006493 4.496131 16.5753 4.496131 16.5753
Upper 95.0%
Midwestern Manufacturing

Forecasting Regression/Trend analysis


IfIf this
this isis trend
trend analysis
analysis then
then simply
simply enter
enter the
the past
past demands
demands in in the
the demand
demand column.
column. IfIf this
this isis
causal
causal regression
regression then
then enter
enter the
the y,x
y,x pairs
pairs with
with yy first
first and
and enter
enter aa new
new value
value of
of xx at
at the
the bottom
bottom inin
order
order to to forecast
forecast y.
y.

Data Forecasts and Error Analysis


Period Demand (y) Period(x) Forecast Error Absolute Squared
Year 1 74 1 67.25 6.75 6.75 45.5625
Year 2 79 2 77.7857 1.2143 1.2143 1.4745
Year 3 80 3 88.3214 -8.3214 8.3214 69.2462
Year 4 90 4 98.8571 -8.8571 8.8571 78.4490
Year 5 105 5 109.3929 -4.3929 4.3929 19.2972
Year 6 142 6 119.9286 22.0714 22.0714 487.1480
Year 7 122 7 130.4643 -8.4643 8.4643 71.6441
Total -4.263256E-014 60.0714 772.8214
Intercept 56.7142857 Average -6.090366E-015 8.5816 110.4031
Slope 10.5357143 Bias MAD MSE
SE 12.43239
Next period 141 8
Correlatio 0.89491
Abs Pct Err
09.12%
01.54%
10.40%
09.84%
04.18%
15.54%
06.94%
57.57%
08.22%
MAPE
Turner Industries

Forecasting Multiplicative decomposition


Enter
Enter past
past demands
demands in
in the
the data
data area.
area. Do
Do not
not change
change the
the time
time period
period
4 seasons numbers!
numbers!

Data
Period Demand (y) Time (x) Average Ratio Seasonal Smoothed
Period 1 108 1 0.8491 127.1979
Period 2 125 2 0.9626 129.8589
Period 3 150 3 131 132.000 1.136 1.1315 132.5660
Period 4 141 4 133 134.125 1.051 1.0571 133.3841
Period 5 116 5 135.25 136.375 0.851 0.8491 136.6200
Period 6 134 6 137.5 138.875 0.965 0.9626 139.2087
Period 7 159 7 140.25 141.125 1.127 1.1315 140.5199
Period 8 152 8 142 143.000 1.063 1.0571 143.7899
Period 9 123 9 144 145.125 0.848 0.8491 144.8643
Period 10 142 10 146.25 147.875 0.960 0.9626 147.5197
Period 11 168 11 149.5 1.1315 148.4739
Period 12 165 12 1.0571 156.0878

Average Intercept 124.7753


Slope 2.3434

Ratios
Season 1 Season 2 Season 3 Season 4
1.1364 1.0513
0.8506 0.9649 1.1267 1.0629
0.8475 0.9603
Average 0.8491 0.9626 1.1315 1.0571

Forecasts
Period Unadjusted Seasonal Adjusted
13 155.240 0.849 131.810
14 157.583 0.963 151.687
15 159.927 1.132 180.959
16 162.270 1.057 171.535
Forecasts and Error Analysis
Unadjusted Adjusted Error |Error| Error^2 Abs Pct Err
127.1187 107.9327 0.0673 0.0673 0.0045 00.06%
129.4621 124.6181 0.3819 0.3819 0.1458 00.31%
131.8056 149.1396 0.8604 0.8604 0.7403 00.57%
134.1490 141.8086 -0.8086 0.8086 0.6538 00.57%
136.4924 115.8917 0.1083 0.1083 0.0117 00.09%
138.8359 133.6411 0.3589 0.3589 0.1288 00.27%
141.1793 159.7461 -0.7461 0.7461 0.5567 00.47%
143.5227 151.7175 0.2825 0.2825 0.0798 00.19%
145.8662 123.8507 -0.8507 0.8507 0.7236 00.69%
148.2096 142.6641 -0.6641 0.6641 0.4410 00.47%
150.5530 170.3526 -2.3526 2.3526 5.5346 01.40%
152.8965 161.6265 3.3735 3.3735 11.3807 02.04%
Total 0.0107 10.8547 20.4014 07.14%
0.0009 0.9046 1.7001 00.59%
Bias MAD MSE MAPE
SE 1.84397092
Year Quarter Sales X1 Time PeriodX2 Qtr 2 X3 Qtr 3 X4 Qtr 4
1 1 108 1 0 0 0
2 125 2 1 0 0
3 150 3 0 1 0
4 141 4 0 0 1
2 1 116 5 0 0 0
2 134 6 1 0 0
3 159 7 0 1 0
4 152 8 0 0 1
3 1 123 9 0 0 0
2 142 10 1 0 0
3 168 11 0 1 0
4 165 12 0 0 1

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.99718
R Square 0.99436
Adjusted R 0.99114
Standard E 1.83225
Observatio 12

ANOVA
df SS MS F Significance F
Regression 4 4144.75 1036.188 308.6516 6.0E-008
Residual 7 23.5 3.357143
Total 11 4168.25

Coefficients
Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95%Upper 95%Lower 95.0%
Upper 95.0%
Intercept 104.104 1.332194 78.14493 1.5E-011 100.954 107.2543 100.954 107.2543
X1 Time Pe 2.3125 0.16195 14.27913 2.0E-006 1.92955 2.69545 1.92955 2.69545
X2 Qtr 2 15.6875 1.504767 10.4252 1.6E-005 12.12929 19.24571 12.12929 19.24571
X3 Qtr 3 38.7083 1.530688 25.28819 3.9E-008 35.08883 42.32784 35.08883 42.32784
X4 Qtr 4 30.0625 1.572941 19.11228 2.7E-007 26.34308 33.78192 26.34308 33.78192
Sumco Pump Company
Inventory Economic Order Quantity Model
Enter
Enter the
the data
data in
in the
the shaded
shaded area
area

Data
Demand rate, D 1000
Setup cost, S 10
Holding cost, H 0.5 (fixed amount)
Unit Price, P 0
Inventory: Cost vs Quantity
Results
Optimal Order Quantity, Q* 200 12

Cost ($)
Maximum Inventory 200
Average Inventory 100 10 Setup cost
Number of Setups 5 8
Holding
6 cost
Holding cost $50.00
Setup cost $50.00 4 Total cost

Unit costs $0.00 2


Total cost, Tc $100.00 0
Order Quantity (Q)

COST TABLE Start at 25 Increment 15

Q Setup cost Holding cosTotal cost


25 400 6.25 406.25
40 250 10 260
55 181.8182 13.75 195.5682
70 142.8571 17.5 160.3571
85 117.6471 21.25 138.8971
100 100 25 125
115 86.95652 28.75 115.7065
130 76.92308 32.5 109.4231
145 68.96552 36.25 105.2155
160 62.5 40 102.5
175 57.14286 43.75 100.8929
190 52.63158 47.5 100.1316
205 48.78049 51.25 100.0305
220 45.45455 55 100.4545
235 42.55319 58.75 101.3032
250 40 62.5 102.5
265 37.73585 66.25 103.9858
280 35.71429 70 105.7143
295 33.89831 73.75 107.6483
310 32.25806 77.5 109.7581
325 30.76923 81.25 112.0192
340 29.41176 85 114.4118
355 28.16901 88.75 116.919
370 27.02703 92.5 119.527
Brown Manufacturing
Inventory Production Order Quantity Model
Enter
Enter the
the data
data in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. You
You may
may have
have to
to do
do some
some work
work to
to enter
enter the
the daily
daily production
production rate.
rate.
Data
Demand rate, D 10000 Inventory: Cost vs Quantity
Setup cost, S 100
Holding cost, H 0.5 (fixed amount) 12

Cost ($)
Daily production rate, p 80
10
Daily demand rate, d 60
Unit price, P 0 Setup c
8
Holding
cost
Results 6
Total co
Optimal production quantity, Q* 4000 4
Maximum Inventory 1000
Average Inventory 500 2
Number of Setups 2.5
0
Order Quantity (Q)
Holding cost 250
Setup cost 250

Unit costs 0

Total cost, Tc 500

COST TABLE Start at 1000 Increment 333.3333

Q Setup cost Holding cosTotal cost


1000 1000 62.5 1062.5
1333.333 750 83.33333 833.3333
1666.667 600 104.1667 704.1667
2000 500 125 625
2333.333 428.5714 145.8333 574.4048
2666.667 375 166.6667 541.6667
3000 333.3333 187.5 520.8333
3333.333 300 208.3333 508.3333
3666.667 272.7273 229.1667 501.8939
4000 250 250 500
4333.333 230.7692 270.8333 501.6026
4666.667 214.2857 291.6667 505.9524
5000 200 312.5 512.5
5333.333 187.5 333.3333 520.8333
5666.667 176.4706 354.1667 530.6373
6000 166.6667 375 541.6667
6333.333 157.8947 395.8333 553.7281
6666.667 150 416.6667 566.6667
7000 142.8571 437.5 580.3571
7333.333 136.3636 458.3333 594.697
7666.667 130.4348 479.1667 609.6014
8000 125 500 625
8333.333 120 520.8333 640.8333
8666.667 115.3846 541.6667 657.0513
aily
aily production
production rate.
rate.

ry: Cost vs Quantity

Setup cost
Holding
cost
Total cos t

uantity (Q)
Brass Department Store
Inventory Quantity Discount Model

Data
Demand rate, D 5000
Setup cost, S 49
Holding cost %, I 20%

Range 1 Range 2 Range 3


Minimum quantity 0 1000 2000
Unit Price, P 5 4.8 4.75

Results
Range 1 Range 2 Range 3
Q* (Square root formula) 700 714.4345083118 718.18484646
Order Quantity 700 1000 2000

Holding cost $350.00 $480.00 $950.00


Setup cost $350.00 $245.00 $122.50

Unit costs $25,000.00 $24,000.00 $23,750.00

Total cost, Tc $25,700.00 $24,725.00 $24,822.50 minimum


Optimal Order Quantity 1000
=

$24,725.00
6.4

Inventory Safety stock - Normal distribution


Select aa model and then
then enter the data inshaded
the
the shaded area. The
The model onbottom
the
the bottom left
left represents the
SelectSelect
Select aa model
model model
and andenter
and then
then enter enter
the thein
the data
data data
in thein
the shadedshaded
area. area.
area. The
The model
modelmodel
on theon
on the bottom bottom
left represents
left represents
represents the the
the 33 models
models described
described in
in the
the textbook
textbook under
under Other
Other Probabilistic
Probabilistic Models
Models
33 models
models described
described in
in the
the textbook
textbook under
under Other
Other Probabilistic
Probabilistic Models
Models

Model: Demand during leadtime and its standard deviation given Model: Daily demand and its standard deviation are given

Data Data
Average demand during lead time, 350 Average daily demand 15
Standard deviation of dLT 10 Standard deviation of daily demand, d 3
Service level (% of demand met) 95.00% Lead time days 4
Service level (% of demand met) 97.00%

Results Results
Z-value 1.64 Z-value 1.88
Safety stock 16.45 Average demand during lead time 60
Standard deviation of demand during lead time, 6.00
Safety stock 11.28
Reorder Point 71.28

Models: Either daily demand, lead time or both are variable

Data
Average daily demand 25
Standard deviation of daily demand 0 Enter 0 if demand is constant
Average lead time (in days) 6
Standard deviation of lead time, LT 3 Enter 0 if lead time is constant
Service level (% of demand met) 98.00%

Results
Z-value 2.05
Average demand during lead time 150
Standard deviation of demand during lead time, dLT 75.00
Safety stock 154.03
Reorder point 304.03

344787981.xls
Flair Furniture

Variables T (Tables)C (Chairs)


Units Produced 30 40 Profit
Objective functi 70 50 4100

Constraints LHS (Hours used) RHS


Carpentry 4 3 240 < 240
Painting 2 1 100 < 100
Holiday Meal Turkey Ranch

Variables Brand 1Brand 2


Units Produced 8.4 4.8 Cost
Objective functi 2 3 31.2

Constraints LHS (Amt. of Ing.) RHS


Ingredient A 5 10 90 > 90
Ingredient B 4 3 48 > 48
Ingredient C 0.5 0 4.2 > 1.5
High Note Sound Company

Variables CD PlayerReceivers
Units Produced 0 20 Profit
Objective functi 50 120 2400

Constraints LHS (Hrs. Used) RHS


Electrician Hour 2 4 80 < ###
Audio Tech Hour 3 1 20 < ###
7.7
Enter
Enter the
the values
values inin the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. Then
Then go
go to
to the
the DATA
DATATabTab on on the
the ribbon,
ribbon, click
click on
on Solver
Solver in
in the
the Data
DataAnalysis
Analysis
Group
Group and
and then
then click
click SOLVE.
SOLVE.
IfIf SOLVER
SOLVER isis not
not on
on the
the Data
Data Tab
Tab then
then please
please see
see the
the Help
Help file
file (Solver)
(Solver) for
for instructions.
instructions.
Linear Programming

Signs
< less than or equal to
= equals (You need to enter an apostrophe first.)
> greater than or equal to

Data Results
x1 x2 LHS Slack/Surplus
Objective 70 50 sign RHS 4100
Constraint 1 4 3 < 240 240 0
Constraint 2 2 1 < 100 100 0

Results
Variables 30 40
Objective 4100

Page 52
A B C D E
1 Win Big Gambling Club
2 Radio Radio
3 TV er 30 sec. 1 min.
4 Variables X1 X2 X3 X4
5 Solution
Audience per 1.9688 5 6.2069 0
6 ad 5000 8500 2400 2800
7
8 Constraints
9 Max. TV 1
10 Newspaper 1
11 radio 1
12 radio 1
13 Cost 800 925 290 380
14 Radio dollars 290 380
15 Radio spots 1 1
F G H
1
2
3
4
5 Total Audience
6 67240.3017
7
8 LHS RHS
9 1.9688 < 12
10 5 < 5
11 6.2069 < 25
12 0 < 20
13 8000 < 8000
14 1800 < 1800
15 6.2069 > 5
A B C D E F G H I J
1 Management Science Associates
2
3 Variable X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6
4 Solution 0 600 140 1000 0 560Total Cost
5 Min. Cost 7.5 6.8 5.5 6.9 7.25 6.1 15166
6
7 Constraints LHS RHS
8 Total Househo 1 1 1 1 1 1 2300 > 2,300
9 30 and Younge 1 0 0 1 0 0 1000 > 1,000
10 31-50 0 1 0 0 1 0 600 > 600
11 Border States 0.85 0.85 0.85 -0.15 -0.15 -0.15 395 > 0
12 51+ Border St 0 0 0.8 0 0 -0.2 0 < 0
A B C D E F G
1 Fifth Avenue Industries
2 All All
3 silk poly. Blend 1 Blend 2
4 Variables X1 X2 X3 X4
5 Values 5112 14000 16000 8500 Total Profit
6 Profit 16.24 8.22 8.77 8.66 412028.88
7
8 Constraints LHS
9 Silk available 0.125 0.066 1200 <
10 available 0.08 0.05 1920 <
11 available 0.05 0.044 1174 <
12 Maximum silk 1 5112 <
13 polyester 1 14000 <
14 1 1 16000 <
15 2 1 8500 <
16 Minimum silk 1 5112 >
17 polyester 1 14000 >
18 1
Minimum blend 1 16000 >
19 2 1 8500 >
20
21
22
23 Calculations to determine the profit per tie.
Polyes
24
Silk ter Blend 1 Blend 1
25 Selling Price per ti 19.24 8.7 9.52 10.64 Cost of material per yard
Yards of silk used
26
in tie 0.125 0 0 0.066 24
Yards of polyester
27
used in tie 0 0.08 0.05 0 6
Yards of cotton
28
used in tie 0 0 0.05 0.044 9
29 Material cost per t 3 0.48 0.75 1.98
30 Profit per tie 16.24 8.22 8.77 8.66
H I J K
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 RHS Slack/Surplus
9 1200 0
10 3000 1080
11 1600 426
12 7000 1888
13 14000 0
14 16000 0
15 8500 0
16 5000 112
17 10000 4000
18 13000 3000
19 5000 3500
20
21
22
23

24

f material25per yard
26

27

28

29
30
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q
1 Greenberg Motors
2
3 Variable A1 A2 A3 A4 B1 B2 B3 B4 IA1 IA2 IA3 IA4 IB1 IB2 IB3 IB4
4 Solution ### 223.1 ### 792.3 ### ### 77.8 ### ### 0 ### 450 0 ### 0 300
5 Min. Cost 20 20 22 22 15 15 16.5 16.5 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26
6
7 Demand Constraints
8 Jan. GM3A 1 -1
9 Feb. GM3A 1 1 -1
10 Mar. GM3A 1 1 -1
11 Apr. GM3A 1 1 -1
12 Jan. GM3B 1 -1
13 Feb. GM3B 1 1 -1
14 Mar. GM3B 1 1 -1
15 Apr. GM3B 1 1 -1
16 Inv.GM3A Apr. 1
17 Inv.GM3B Apr. 1
18 Labor Hour Constraints
19 Hrs Min. Jan. 1.3 0.9
20 Hrs Min. Feb. 1.3 0.9
21 Hrs Min. Mar. 1.3 0.9
22 Hrs Min. Apr. 1.3 0.9
23 Hrs Max. Jan. 1.3 0.9
24 Hrs Max. Feb. 1.3 0.9
25 Hrs Max.Mar. 1.3 0.9
26 Hrs Max. Apr. 1.3 0.9
27 Storage Constraints
28 Jan. Inv. Limit 1 1
29 Feb. Inv. Limit 1 1
30 Mar. Inv. Limit 1 1
31 Apr. Inv. Limit 1 1
32
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q
33
34 Jan Feb Mar Apr
35 GM3A Units ### 223.1 ### 792.3
36 GMBA Units ### ### 77.8 ###
37 GM3A Inven 476.9 0.0 757.7 450.0
38 GM3B Inven 0.0 ### 0.0 300.0
39 Labor Hours ### ### ### ###
R S T U V W
1
2
3
4 Total Cost
5 ###
6
7 LHS SignRHS
8 800 = 800
9 700 = 700
10 1000 = ###
11 1100 = ###
12 1000 = ###
13 1200 = ###
14 1400 = ###
15 1400 = ###
16 450 = 450
17 300 = 300
18 Slack/Surplus
19 2560 > ### 320
20 2560 > ### 320
21 2355 > ### 115
22 2560 > ### 320
23 2560 < ### 0
24 2560 < ### 0
25 2355 < ### 205
26 2560 < ### 0
27
28 476.92 < ###
29 1322.22 < ###
30 757.69 < ###
31 750 < ###
32
R S T U V W
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
A B C D E F G H I J
1 Labor Planning Example
2
3
4 Variables F P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
5 Values 10 0 7 2 5 0 Total Cost
6 Cost 100 32 32 32 32 32 1448
7
8 Constraints LHS Sign RHS
9 9 a.m. - 10 a 1 1 10 > 10
10 10 a.m. - 11 1 1 1 17 > 12
11 11 a.m. - noo 0.5 1 1 1 14 > 14
12 noon - 1 p.m. 0.5 1 1 1 1 19 > 16
13 1 p.m. - 2 p.m 1 1 1 1 1 24 > 18
14 2 p.m. - 3 p.m 1 1 1 1 17 > 17
15 3 p.m. - 4 p.m 1 1 1 15 > 15
16 4 p.m. - 5 p.m 1 1 10 > 10
17 Max. Full tim 1 10 < 12
18 Total PT hours 4 4 4 4 4 56 < 56
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
K L M N O
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 Slack/Surplus
9 0
10 5
11 0
12 3
13 6
14 0
15 0
16 0
17 2
18 0
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
A B C D E F G H
1 ICT Portfolio Selection
2
3 Variable X1 X2 X3 X4
4 Solution 750000 950000 2E+006 2E+006Total Return
5 Max. Return 0.07 0.11 0.19 0.15 712000
6
7 LHS RHS
8 Trade 1 750000 < ###
9 Bonds 1 950000 < ###
10 Gold 1 1500000 < ###
11 Construction 1 1800000 < ###
12 Min. Gold+Con -0.55 -0.55 0.45 0.45 550000 > 0
13 Min. Trade 0.85 -0.15 -0.15 -0.15 0 > 0
14 Total Investe 1 1 1 1 5000000 < 5000000
Goodman Shipping

Variables X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6
Values 0.333 1 0 0 0 0 Total Value
Load Value 22500 24000 8000 9500 11500 9750 31500

Constraints LHS Sign RHS


Total weigh 7500 7500 3000 3500 4000 3500 10000 < 10000
% Item 1 1 0.333333 < 1
% Item 2 1 1 < 1
% Item 3 1 0 < 1
% Item 4 1 0 < 1
% Item 5 1 0 < 1
% Item 6 1 0 < 1
A B C D E F G H
1 Whole Foods Nutrition Problem
2
3 Grain AGrain BGrain C
4 Variable Xa Xb Xc
5 Solution 0.025 0.05 0.05 Total Cost
6 Minimize 0.33 0.47 0.38 0.05075
7
8 Constraints LHS Sign RHS
9 Protein 22 28 21 3 > 3
10 Riboflavin 16 14 25 2.35 > 2
11 Phosphoru 8 7 9 1 > 1
12 Magnesiu 5 0 6 0.425 > 0.425
13 Total Weig 1 1 1 0.125 = 0.125
I J
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 Slack/Surplus
9 0
10 0.35
11 0
12 0
13 0
Low Knock Oil Company

X100 ReX100 EcoX220 ReX220 Econ


Variable X1 X2 X3 X4
Solution 15000 26666.67 10000 5333.33 Total Cost
Cost 30 30 34.8 34.8 1783600

Constraints LHS Sign


Demand Regula 1 1 25000 >
Demand Economy 1 1 32000 >
Ing. A in Regul -0.1 0.15 0 >
Ing. B in Economy 0.05 -0.25 0 <
RHS Slack/Surplus
25000 0
32000 0
0 0
0 0
Top Speed Bicycle Company
N.O. to N.O. to N.O. to Omaha to Omaha to Omaha to
NY Chicago LA NY Chicago LA
Variables X11 X12 X13 X21 X22 X23
Values 10000 0 8000 0 8000 7000 Total Cost
Cost 2 3 5 3 1 4 96000

Constraints LHS
NY Demand 1 1 10000
Chi. Demand 1 1 8000
LA Demand 1 1 15000
N.O. Supply 1 1 1 18000
Omaha Supply 1 1 1 15000
otal Cost

Sign RHS
= 10000
= 8000
= 15000
< 20000
< 15000
Shipping Cost Per Unit
From\ToAlbuquerque Boston Cleveland
Des Moines 5 4 3
Evansville 8 4 3
Fort Lauderdal 9 7 5

Solution - Number of units shipped


Albuquerque Boston Cleveland
Total shipped
Supply
Des Moines 100 0 0 100 100
Evansville 0 200 100 300 300
Fort Lauderdal 200 0 100 300 300
Total receive 300 200 200
Demand 300 200 200

Total cost = 3900


Cost for Assignments
erson\Project Project 1 Project 2 Project 3
Adams 11 14 6
Brown 8 10 11
Cooper 9 12 7

Made
Project 1 Project 2 Project 3 Total pSupply
Adams 0 0 1 1 1
Brown 0 1 0 1 1
Cooper 1 0 0 1 1
Total assigne 1 1 1
Total workers 1 1 1

Total cost = 25
Frosty Machines Transshipment Problem

Shipping Cost Per Unit


From\To Chicago Buffalo NYC Phil. St.Louis
Toronto 4 7
Detroit 5 7
Chicago 6 4 5
Buffalo 2 3 4

Solution - Number of units shipped


Chicago Buffalo NYC Phil. St.Louis
Total shipped
Supply
Toronto 650 150 800 800
Detroit 0 300 300 700
Chicago 0 350 300 650
Buffalo 450 0 0 450
Total receiv 650 450 450 350 300
Demand 450 350 300

Total cost = 9550


9.4

Birmingham

Transportation

Enter
Enter the
the transportation
transportation data
data in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. Then
Then gogo to
to the
the DATA
DATATab
Tab on on the
the ribbon,
ribbon, click
click on
on Solver
Solver in
in the
the Data
DataAnalysis
Analysis
Group
Group and
and then
then click
click SOLVE.
SOLVE.
IfIf SOLVER
SOLVER isis not
not on
on the
the Data
Data Tab
Tab then
then please
please see
see the
the Help
Help file
file (Solver)
(Solver) for
for instructions.
instructions.

Data
COSTS Dest 1 Dest 2 Dest 3 Dest 4 Supply
Origin 1 73 103 88 108 15000
Origin 2 85 80 100 90 6000
Origin 3 88 97 78 118 14000
Origin 4 84 79 90 99 11000
Demand 10000 12000 15000 9000 46000 \ 46000

Shipments
Shipments Dest 1 Dest 2 Dest 3 Dest 4 Row Total
Origin 1 10000 0 1000 4000 15000
Origin 2 0 1000 0 5000 6000
Origin 3 0 0 14000 0 14000
Origin 4 0 11000 0 0 11000
Column Total 10000 12000 15000 9000 46000 \ 46000

Total Cost 3741000

Page 75
9.4

lver in
olver in the
the Data
DataAnalysis
Analysis

Page 76
9.5

A B C D E F G
1 Fix-It Shop Assignment
2
3 Assignment
4
5 Enter
Enter the
the assignment
assignment costs
costs in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. Then
Then go
go to
to the
the DATA
DATATabTab onon the
the ribbon,
ribbon, click
click on
on
Solver
Solver in
in the
the Data
DataAnalysis
Analysis Group
Group and and then
then click
click SOLVE.
SOLVE.
6 IfIf SOLVER
SOLVER isis not
not on
on the
the Data
Data TabTab then
then please
please see
see the
the Help
Help file
file (Solver)
(Solver) for
for instructions.
instructions.
7
8 Data
9 COSTS Project 1 Project 2 Project 3
10 Adams 11 14 6
11 Brown 8 10 11
12 Cooper 9 12 7
13
14 Assignments
15 Shipments Project 1 Project 2 Project 3 Row Total
16 Adams 1 1
17 Brown 1 1
18 Cooper 1 1
19 Column Total 1 1 1 3
20
21 Total Cost 25
22

Page 77
Harrison Electric Integer Programming Analysis
Chandeliers Fans
Variables X1 X2
Values 5 0 Total Profit
Profit 7 6 35

Constraints LHS Sign RHS


Wiring hours 2 3 10 < 12
Assembly hours 6 5 30 < 30
Bagwell Chemical Company
Xyline (bags)Hexall (lbs)
Variables X Y
Values 44 20 Total Profit
Profit 85 1.5 3770

Constraints LHS sign RHS


Ingredient A 30 0.5 1330 < 2000
Ingredient B 18 0.4 800 < 800
Ingredient C 2 0.1 90 < 200
Quemo Chemical Company
Catalytic Conv. Software Warehouse Expan.
Variables X1 X2 X3
Values 1 0 1 NPV
Net Present Val 25000 18000 32000 57000

Constraints LHS
Year 1 8000 6000 12000 20000
Year 2 7000 4000 8000 15000
sign RHS
< 20000
< 16000
Sitka Manufacturing Company
Baytown Lake Charles Mobile Baytown units
Variables X1 X2 X3 X4
Values 0 1 1 0
Cost 340000 270000 290000 32

Constraints
Minimum capacity 1
Maximum in Baytown -21000 1
Maximum in L. C. -20000
Maximum in Mobile -19000
L. Charles units
Mobile units
X5 X6
19000 19000 Cost
33 30 1757000

LHS Sign RHS


1 1 38000 > 38000
0 < 0
1 -1000 < 0
1 0 < 0
`
Simkin, Simkin and Steinberg

Variables X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7
Values 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 Return
Return ($1,000s) 50 80 90 120 110 40 75 360
Constraints LHS
Texas 1 1 1 2
Foreigh Oil 1 1 1
California 1 1 1
$3 Million 480 540 680 1000 700 510 900 2890
Sign RHS
> 2
< 1
= 1
< 3000
Great Western Appliance
MicroSelf-Clean
Variables X1 X2
Values 0 1000

Terms X1 X2 X22
Calculated Values 0 1000 ### Profit
Profit 28 21 0.25 271000

Constraints LHS Sign RHS


Capacity 1 1 1000 < 1000
Hours Available 0.5 0.4 400 < 500
Hospicare Corp

Variables X1 X2
Values ### ###

Terms X1 X12 X1*X2 X2 X23 1/X2


Calculated Values### ### ### ### ### ### Total Profit
Profit 13 0 6 5 1 ###

Constraints LHS Sign RHS


Nursing 2 4 90.00 < 90
X-Ray 1 1 75.00 < 75
Budget 8 -2 40.33 < 61
Thermlock Gaskets

Variables X1 X2
Values 3.325 14.672 Total Cost
Cost 5 7 119.333

X1 X12 X13 X2 X22


Value 3.325 11.058 36.771 14.672 215.276
Constraints LHS Sign
Hardness 3 0.25 4 0.3 ### >
Tensile Stre 13 1 80 >
Elasticity 0.7 1 17 >
RHS
125
80
17
Solved Problem 10-1

Variables X1 X2 X3
Values 1 1 0 Total
Maximize 50 45 48 95

Constraints LHS Sign RHS


Constraint 1 19 27 34 46 < 80
Constraint 2 22 13 12 35 < 40
Constraint 3 1 1 1 2 < 2
Constraint 4 1 -1 0 0 < 0
Forecasting - Exponential Smoothing

= 0.3478 Ft+1 = Ft + (Yt-Ft)


Time Period (t)Demand (Yt) Forecast (Ft) Error = Yt - F |error|
1 110 110 0 -
2 156 110 46.000 46.000
3 126 125.999999781 0.000 0.000
4 138 125.9999998571 12.000 12.000
5 124 130.1739128932 -6.174 6.174
6 125 128.0264649597 -3.026 3.026
7 160 126.9737815099 33.026 33.026
8 138.461161697 MAD= 16.704

F1 is assumed to be a perfect forecast.


MAD is based on time periods 2 through 7

`
General Foundry

Project Management Precedences; 3 time estimates


Enter
Enter the
the times
times in
in the
the appropriate
appropriate column(s).
column(s). Enter
Enter the
the precedences,
precedences, one
one per
per column.
column. (Do
(Do not
not try
try to
to use
use Gantt Chart
commas).
commas).
Data A
Activity Optimistic Likely Pessimistic Mean Std dev Variance
B
A 1 2 3 2 0.333333 0.111111
B 2 3 4 3 0.333333 C 0.111111
C 1 2 3 2 0.333333 0.111111
D
D 2 4 6 4 0.666667 0.444444
E 1 4 7 4 1 E 1
F 1 2 9 3 1.333333 1.777778
F
G 3 4 11 5 1.333333 1.777778
H 1 2 3 2 0.333333 G 0.111111
Precedences Immediate Predecessors (1 per column) H
Activity Time Pred 1 Pred 2
A 2 0 2 4 6 8 1
B 3 Time
C 2 A
D 4 B Slack Noncritical Activity C
E 4 C
F 3 C
G 5 D E
H 2 F G

Results
Early Early Late Late
Activity Start Finish Start Finish Slack Variance
A 0 2 0 2 0 0.111111
B 0 3 12 15 12
C 2 4 2 4 0 0.111111
D 0 4 4 8 4
E 4 8 4 8 0 1
F 4 7 10 13 6
G 8 13 8 13 0 1.777778
H 13 15 13 15 0 0.111111
Project 15 Project 3.111111
Std.dev 1.763834
Early start computations
A 0 0
B 0 0
C 2 0
D 0 0
E 4 0
F 4 0
G 4 8
H 7 13

Late finish computations


A B C D E F G H
A 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
B 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
C 2 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
D 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
E 15 15 4 15 15 15 15 15
F 15 15 10 15 15 15 15 15
G 15 15 15 8 8 15 15 15
H 15 15 15 15 15 13 13 15
2 15 4 8 8 13 13 15

Graph Critical Act Noncritical Slack 9 Graph Critical Acti


A 0 2 0 0 8 H 13 2
B 0 0 3 12 7 G 8 5
C 2 2 0 0 6 F 4 0
D 0 0 4 4 5 E 4 4
E 4 4 0 0 4 D 0 0
F 4 0 3 6 3 C 2 2
G 8 5 0 0 2 B 0 0
H 13 2 0 0 1 A 0 2
t try
ot try to
to use
use Gantt Chart

2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Time

lack Noncritical Activity Critical Activity


Noncritical Slack
0 0
0 0
3 6
0 0
4 4
0 0
3 12
0 0
Crashing

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
3 Project Management Crashing
4 Enter
Enter the
the data
data in
in the
the shaded
shaded area.
area. Then
Then go
go to
to the
the DATA
DATATab
Tab onon the
the ribbon,
ribbon, click
click on
on Solver
Solver in
in the
the Data
DataAnalysis
Analysis Group
Group and
and then
then click
click SOLVE.
SOLVE.
5 IfIf SOLVER
SOLVER isis not
not onon the
the Data
DataTab
Tab then
then please
please seesee the
the Help
Help file
file (Solver)
(Solver) for
for instructions.
instructions.
6 Results
7 Data Normal time 15 Minimum crash cost to meet project goal $ 5,000.00
8 Project goal 12 Minimum time 7 Project time 12
9
10 Immediate Predecessors (1 per column) Intermediate
Crash Computations
Normal Normal Crash Crash Crash cost/da
11
Activity Time Cost Time Cost Pred 1 Pred 2 Pred 3 Pred 4 days y Crash limit
12 A 2 ### 1 $23,000 0 1000 1
13 B 3 ### 1 $34,000 0 2000 2
14 C 2 ### 1 $27,000 A 0 1000 1
15 D 4 ### 3 $49,000 B 0 1000 1
16 E 4 ### 2 $58,000 C 1 1000 2
17 F 3 ### 2 $30,500 C 0 500 1
18 G 5 ### 2 $86,000 D E 2 2000 3
19 H 2 ### 1 $19,000 F G 0 3000 1
20 0 0 0

344787981.xls
Crashing

N
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Computations
10

11

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

344787981.xls
Crashing General Foundry Problem
YA YB YC YD YE YF YG YH XST XA XB XC XD XE XF XG
Values 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 3 3 7 7 6 10
Minimize cost 1000 2000 1000 1000 1000 500 2000 3000
A crash max. 1
B crash max. 1
C crash max. 1
D crash max. 1
E crash max. 1
F crash max. 1
G crash max. 1
H crash max. 1
Due date
Start 1
A constraint 1 -1 1
B constraint 1 -1 1
C constraint 1 -1 1
D constraint 1 -1 1
E constraint 1 -1 1
F constraint 1 -1 1
G constraint 1 1 -1 1
G constraint 2 1 -1 1
H constraint 1 1 -1
H constraint 2 1 -1
Finish constraint
XH XFIN
12 12 Totals
5000
0 < 1
0 < 2
1 < 1
0 < 1
0 < 2
0 < 1
2 < 3
0 < 1
1 12 < 12
0 = 0
2 > 2
3 > 3
2 > 2
4 > 4
4 > 4
3 > 3
5 > 5
5 > 5
1 6 > 2
1 2 > 2
-1 1 0 > 0
Arnold's Muffler Shop

Waiting Lines M/M/1 (Single Server Model)


The
The arrival
The
The arrival
arrival
arrival RATE
RATE
RATE
RATE and
and service
and
and RATE
service
service
service RATE both
both must
RATE
RATE bothbe
both
must be rates
must
must and
ratesbe
be
and use
use the
rates
rates and
and
the same
usetime
use
same theunit.
the
time same
same
unit. Given aa time
time
time
Given unit.
unit. Given
time Given aa
such
such as
time
time such
as
such10
10 minutes,
as
as 10
minutes, convert
convert ititconvert
10 minutes,
minutes, to
to aa rate
convert rate such
it toas
it to
such a 66 per
a rate
as hour.
persuch
rate hour.as
such as 66 per
per hour.
hour.
Data Results
Arrival rate () 2 Average server utilization() 0.66667
Service rate () 3 Average number of customers in the queue(L
1.33333
Average number of customers in the system(L 2
Average waiting time in the queue(Wq 0.66667
Average time in the system(Ws) 1
Probability (% of time) system is empty (P
0.33333

Probabilities e
Probabi Probabilit
Number lity y
0 ### 0.333333
1 ### 0.555556
2 ### 0.703704
3 ### 0.802469
4 ### 0.868313
5 ### 0.912209
6 ### 0.941472
7 ### 0.960982
8 ### 0.973988
9 ### 0.982658
10 ### 0.988439
11 ### 0.992293
12 ### 0.994862
13 ### 0.996575
14 ### 0.997716
15 ### 0.998478
16 ### 0.998985
17 ### 0.999323
18 ### 0.999549
19 ### 0.999699
20 ### 0.999800
unit.
unit. Given
Given aa
Arnold's Muffler Shop
Waiting Lines M/M/s
The
The arrival
arrival RATE
RATE and
and service
service RATE
RATE both
both must
must be
be rates
rates and
and use
use the
the same
same time
time unit.
unit. Given
Given
aa time such as 10 minutes, convert it to a rate such as 6 per hour.
time such as 10 minutes, convert it to a rate such as 6 per hour.
Data Results
Arrival rate () 2 Average server utilization() 0.33333
Service rate () 3 Average number of customers in the queue(L q) 0.08333
Number of servers(s) 2 Average number of customers in the system(L) 0.75
Average waiting time in the queue(W q) 0.04167
Average time in the system(W) 0.375
Probability (% of time) system is empty (P 0) 0.5
Probabilities
Number Probability Cumulative Probability
0 0.500000 0.500000
1 0.333333 0.833333
2 0.111111 0.944444
3 0.037037 0.981481
4 0.012346 0.993827
5 0.004115 0.997942
6 0.001372 0.999314
7 0.000457 0.999771
8 0.000152 0.999924
9 0.000051 0.999975
10 0.000017 0.999992
11 0.000006 0.999997
12 0.000002 0.999999
13 0.000001 1.000000
14 0.000000 1.000000
15 0.000000 1.000000
16 0.000000 1.000000
17 0.000000 1.000000
18 0.000000 1.000000
19 0.000000 1.000000
20 0.000000 1.000000

Computations
n or s (lam/mu)^nCumsum(n-term2 P0(s)
0 1
1 0.666667 1 2 0.33333
2 0.222222 1.666667 0.3333333333 0.5
3 0.049383 1.888889 0.0634920635 0.5122
4 0.00823 1.938272 0.0098765432 0.51331
5 0.001097 1.946502 0.0012662235 0.51341
6 0.000122 1.947599 0.0001371742 0.51342
7 1.2E-005 1.947721 0.000012835 0.51342
8 9.7E-007 1.947733 1.05569378546059E-006 0.51342
9 7.2E-008 1.947734 7.74175442671098E-008 0.51342
10 4.8E-009 1.947734 5.12020795417393E-009 0.51342
11 2.9E-010 1.947734 3.08313597240581E-010 0.51342
12 1.6E-011 1.947734 1.70369367459144E-011 0.51342
13 8.3E-013 1.947734 8.69753527569206E-013 0.51342
14 3.9E-014 1.947734 4.12575391282828E-014 0.51342
15 1.7E-015 1.947734 1.82757648408783E-015 0.51342
16 7.3E-017 1.947734 7.59282983727312E-017 0.51342
17 2.9E-018 1.947734 2.96998446015785E-018 0.51342
18 1.1E-019 1.947734 1.09750556974159E-019 0.51342
19 3.7E-021 1.947734 3.84311714656988E-021 0.51342
20 1.2E-022 1.947734 1.27871411410371E-022 0.51342
21 3.9E-024 1.947734 4.05275511573853E-024 0.51342
22 1.2E-025 1.947734 1.22628006974231E-025 0.51342
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Rho(s) Lq(s) L(s) Wq(s) W(S)

0.666667 1.333333 2 0.666667 1


0.333333 0.083333 0.75 0.041667 0.375
0.222222 0.009292 0.675958 0.004646 0.337979
0.166667 0.001014 0.667681 0.000507 0.33384
0.133333 0.0001 0.666767 5.0E-005 0.333383
0.111111 8.8E-006 0.666675 4.4E-006 0.333338
0.095238 6.9E-007 0.666667 3.5E-007 0.333334
0.083333 4.9E-008 0.666667 2.5E-008 0.333333
0.074074 3.2E-009 0.666667 1.6E-009 0.333333
0.066667 1.9E-010 0.666667 9.4E-011 0.333333
0.060606 1.0E-011 0.666667 5.1E-012 0.333333
0.055556 5.1E-013 0.666667 2.6E-013 0.333333
0.051282 2.4E-014 0.666667 1.2E-014 0.333333
0.047619 1.1E-015 0.666667 5.3E-016 0.333333
0.044444 4.4E-017 0.666667 2.2E-017 0.333333
0.041667 1.7E-018 0.666667 8.5E-019 0.333333
0.039216 6.2E-020 0.666667 3.1E-020 0.333333
0.037037 2.2E-021 0.666667 1.1E-021 0.333333
0.035088 7.2E-023 0.666667 3.6E-023 0.333333
0.033333 2.3E-024 0.666667 1.1E-024 0.333333
0.031746 6.8E-026 0.666667 3.4E-026 0.333333
0.030303 2.0E-027 0.666667 9.8E-028 0.333333
Garcia-Golding Recycling

Waiting Lines M/D/1 (Constant Service Times)


The
The
The arrival
The arrival
arrival
arrival RATE
RATE
RATE
RATE and
andand
and service
service RATE
service
service RATE RATE
both
RATE both
both must
bothbe
must must
ratesbe
rates
must
be and
be rates
use
rates
and and
use the
and
the use
same the
usetime
same same
theunit.
time same
unit. time
Given unit.
unit. Given
aa time
time
Given time Given
such
a time
asuch as 10
10 minutes,
assuch as 10convert
minutes, itit to
minutes,
convert aa rate
rate such
toconvert as
asa66rate
it to
such per
per hour.
such as 6 per hour.
hour.
Data Results
Arrival rate () 8 Average server utilization() 0.667
Service rate () 12 Average number of customers in the queue(L
0.667
Average number of customers in the system(L
1.333
Average waiting time in the queue(W
0.083
Average time in the system(Ws) 0.167
Probability (% of time) system is empty
0.333(P
Department of Commerce

Waiting Lines M/M/s with a finite population


The
The arrival
The arrival rate
arrival rate is
rate is for
is for each
for each member
each member of
member of the
of the population.
the population. IfIfIf they
population. they go
they go for
go for service
for service every
service every 20
every 20 minutes
20 minutes then
minutes then enter
enter 33 (per
(per
then
then enter
hour).
hour).enter 33 (per
(per hour).
hour).
Data Results
Arrival rate () per
customer 0.05 Average server utilization() 0.436
Service rate () 0.5 Average number of customers in the queue(L
0.2035
Number of servers 1 Average number of customers in the system(L
0.6395
Population size (N) 5 Average waiting time in the queue(W
0.9333
Average time in the system(Ws) 2.9333
Probability (% of time) system is empty
0.564(P
Effective arrival rate 0.218

Probabilities
Probability, Cumulative Arrival
Number, n P(n) Probability Number waiting rate(n)
0 0.5639522 0.56395218 0 0.25
1 0.2819761 0.84592827 0 0.2
2 0.1127904 0.9587187 1 0.15
3 0.0338371 0.99255583 2 0.1
4 0.0067674 0.99932326 3 0.05
5 0.0006767 1 4 0
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
1.7732
Sum term Sum term Decum
Term 1 1 Term 2 2 term 2 P0(s)
1 1 1 1 0.7732
0.5 1.5 0.5 1.5 0.2732 0.563952
0.2 1.7 0.0732
0.06 1.76 0.0132
0.012 1.772 0.0012
0.0012 1.7732 0
Harry's Tire Shop NOTE: The random numbers appearing here may not be the same as the ones in th
Probability
Range Cumulative Tires Random Simulated
Probability (Lower) Probability Demand Day Number Demand
0.05 0 0.05 0 1 0.449176 3
0.1 0.05 0.15 1 2 0.572293 3
0.2 0.15 0.35 2 3 0.338668 2
0.3 0.35 0.65 3 4 0.881313 5
0.2 0.65 0.85 4 5 0.787202 4
0.15 0.85 1 5 6 0.077921 1
7 0.700836 4
8 0.081046 1
9 0.923639 5
10 0.783819 4
Average 3.2
Results (Frequency table)
Tires
Demanded Frequency Percentage Cum %
0 0 0% 0%
1 2 20% 20%
2 1 10% 30%
3 2 20% 50%
4 3 30% 80%
5 2 20% 100%
10
not be the same as the ones in the book, but the formulas are the same.
Generating Normal Random Numbers NOTE: The random numbers appearing here may not be the same as the

Random number Value Frenquency Percentage


35.66217706 26 0 0.0%
43.4541210475 28 2 1.0%
30.9997808372 30 3 1.5%
39.9841791973 32 9 4.5%
33.9599191774 34 9 4.5%
38.0507262478 36 12 6.0%
39.4126226815 38 24 12.0%
41.6584858903 40 31 15.5%
35.3366608808 42 36 18.0%
38.3847299047 44 29 14.5%
45.7094588485 46 19 9.5%
43.0334214104 48 11 5.5%
43.4415082129 50 8 4.0%
39.2490803259 52 2 1.0%
43.1336798745 54 2 1.0%
38.3049433749 56 3 1.5%
42.5800331792 200
41.7288995074
40.6773544585
41.8763848974
40.8345128271
45.1887589042
43.6570248457
44.2625120011
42.9724933155
36.5383682642
26.2505138431
31.2225714125
38.1135966805
37.9581972212
39.8997401042
36.4921817379
38.7180210312
38.3623987397
34.8027000158
46.6073142417
41.6343524839
54.1012330859
39.1086150687
42.5744691587
39.2129381568
43.2118977598
42.353608553
46.2890184771
43.0296486927
42.4460874494
52.3155323844
35.5923846141
34.9932454573
37.1689602802
29.6145236177
41.1177530643
36.3092534493
40.5170367891
39.1796352761
33.9545351361
30.8584053987
38.415004549
32.7954472803
37.1403855814
46.3594106276
49.2193389159
41.2899619769
38.0816743249
54.8581024177
50.0418283515
36.8188921655
30.8735303765
35.7582161763
36.6767120171
38.0121050781
34.3666147531
29.5810750591
40.4374777304
48.3660368738
45.6292837245
35.8088828152
39.2633515927
39.7306688246
39.2341007536
31.5738994359
42.3997806629
45.2499887843
41.5171822923
33.2874514651
39.0765634783
30.094892767
36.8958895142
40.9014310506
45.6729809924
42.1224653374
37.4920543039
31.4109352909
41.285195843
42.602684259
43.4748279927
32.4683215
40.5806186595
42.4786300634
39.0472866491
45.651830371
48.7841820432
42.4312503067
40.1865630393
41.9683261549
43.8482496906
47.0771658999
38.6028206609
41.8630447419
37.6025940189
41.6283737496
45.5281081134
40.9280745546
40.7726313266
39.8234645921
45.1943822201
49.2426216956
35.3124112917
33.9936590816
41.1265867744
49.1292858781
45.0868178565
39.738677419
38.5557929013
46.3600971566
46.4383018845
40.2577030067
38.3859498488
43.9387537922
36.2960875488
33.8285064034
31.6075871977
27.3843298459
46.7638188995
39.4173314397
44.8242463459
28.1929171102
48.1738825527
31.0741621374
45.8710376998
40.1986664824
45.559721804
42.343034699
47.8401692327
46.7182708109
37.2917470546
36.1064605769
42.7435790251
41.8541329641
37.554476295
44.3046112576
42.3946592738
36.6802059419
40.2710462285
41.3794589387
51.1166284813
32.0686330505
41.7848287758
36.3232268837
35.7626995839
40.0657947913
42.2607490588
34.8478840083
44.0981643574
42.5652300974
36.1927075118
44.3196810757
41.0868619387
46.3011533903
47.2267852579
36.7188017193
38.8519132653
36.1934612567
49.6029103598
41.334447226
40.6266067372
49.4014768024
44.2172741182
38.9060442782
42.751476354
40.6263771405
53.9016501819
42.8697492759
36.6298976656
44.9862230482
42.5213835647
34.0155427788
37.6638640275
43.7070881191
37.1967743087
37.8872884314
40.2536279818
39.3881045531
41.2544234875
40.736369335
54.239675664
44.5716652578
40.6530315606
39.3338354007
33.0779366473
ay not be the same as the ones in the book, but the formulas are the same.
Harry's Auto Tire Enter
Enter the
the values
values andand the
the requencies
requencies in in the
the top
top table.
table. Press
Press F9
F9 to
to run
run another
another simulation.
simulation. IfIf you
you like,
like, you
you
may
you
may enter
may
enter the
enter
the random
the
random numbers
randomnumbers in
numbers
in thein
the column
the labeled
column
column "Random
labeled
labeled number".
"Random
"Random
you may enter the random numbers in the column labeled "Random number". number".
number".
Simulation

Data Expected Value


Random Number Cumulative Value *
Sorter Category name Value Frequency Probability Probability Frequency
0 Category 1 0 10 0.05 0.05 0
5 Category 2 1 20 0.1 0.15 20
15 Category 3 2 40 0.2 0.35 80
35 Category 4 3 60 0.3 0.65 180
65 Category 5 4 40 0.2 0.85 160
85 Category 6 5 30 0.15 1 150
Total 200 Expected

Simulation trials
Trial Random Number Value
1 22.8900237009 2
2 70.3702027211 4
3 71.4120813878 4
4 90.894848574 5
5 56.255218084 3
6 14.3627001438 1
7 49.3072967511 3
8 40.8398482716 3
9 86.3991524791 5
10 6.0743131209 1
11 80.7928047841 4
12 44.799211924 3
13 93.8955886755 5
14 18.9728558296 2
15 97.3265731707 5
16 18.8319931272 2
17 72.5881911581 4
18 23.485507234 2
19 88.9919940149 5
20 17.0039511984 2
21 91.8881825637 5
22 74.69147956 4
23 99.4226894109 5
24 73.5060438048 4
25 19.0859120572 2
26 77.1607221104 4
27 58.6619689828 3
28 78.8606178248 4
29 68.5886266408 4
30 17.9254049901 2
31 18.8293419313 2
32 38.1274621701 3
33 22.8036499582 2
34 15.7862418797 2
35 61.2161038909 3
36 15.201445506 2
37 13.7213571463 1
38 3.0067386106 0
39 86.8577451911 5
40 33.4866090911 2
41 19.7712074034 2
42 25.6976653123 2
43 95.5655977828 5
44 74.9597870279 4
45 1.2430545408 0
46 52.9916756554 3
47 55.4621624062 3
48 73.0321761221 4
49 48.59406834 3
50 88.2621139754 5
51 54.0364086162 3
52 67.1644056216 4
53 26.2794302776 2
54 95.1684745261 5
55 29.157937807 2
56 65.1450897101 4
57 37.4737669248 3
58 8.8827905478 1
59 2.8544727713 0
60 84.9805137375 4
61 99.5820469456 5
62 81.1015354702 4
63 99.182711821 5
64 32.3291743174 2
65 34.8162844079 2
66 86.8591265054 5
67 57.7946602833 3
68 73.5104673542 4
69 87.2502506012 5
70 39.9015814066 3
71 65.2849586448 4
72 89.7253899369 5
73 80.1764891483 4
74 19.1533505684 2
75 52.2505224217 3
76 44.1956240917 3
77 45.5989846028 3
78 93.2668151567 5
79 46.8185584294 3
80 23.8823801512 2
81 98.3112802263 5
82 64.2099103425 3
83 32.2139839409 2
84 20.4450122546 2
85 34.5314383507 2
86 74.3251680396 4
87 0.0500658061 0
88 95.2479100088 5
89 31.2648780411 2
90 8.964074566 1
91 10.7813088223 1
92 64.4238760928 3
93 0.3198517254 0
94 22.6206715684 2
95 32.5894006295 2
96 7.6591262361 1
97 65.2365585091 4
98 95.4842021922 5
99 93.5619320953 5
100 72.5847069873 4
101 54.0295996936 3
102 83.7285606889 4
103 11.0218179412 1
104 52.2487533046 3
105 43.5149635887 3
106 95.5267214682 5
107 76.4233416179 4
108 92.0931770001 5
109 87.9557676846 5
110 20.0083405711 2
111 0.5574464565 0
112 75.9208671981 4
113 50.528338179 3
114 78.1940029236 4
115 35.7695176499 3
116 1.2391780969 0
117 64.0809280099 3
118 72.4709199509 4
119 74.2071215529 4
120 87.4271171167 5
121 20.8654625108 2
122 42.2588814981 3
123 90.4488344444 5
124 17.6485036965 2
125 52.4875628529 3
126 39.9065654725 3
127 24.1868208628 2
128 55.2028777543 3
129 46.4802255621 3
130 40.8364770701 3
131 57.3154730257 3
132 10.7205542503 1
133 38.6630218709 3
134 22.76611696 2
135 60.5356013402 3
136 69.6791257244 4
137 66.9041987276 4
138 97.4071971374 5
139 35.7183869695 3
140 57.4116867268 3
141 72.1197341802 4
142 65.8680128632 4
143 99.0398705238 5
144 85.2428071899 5
145 95.7474360941 5
146 38.2660532836 3
147 33.7398207048 2
148 72.6344193798 4
149 70.3811890678 4
150 75.4429384368 4
151 33.2980142441 2
152 61.2077435711 3
153 86.4855042426 5
154 46.6657841345 3
155 19.2036100896 2
156 50.6395783741 3
157 20.0543286512 2
158 56.6374006914 3
159 84.4483341323 4
160 48.938318342 3
161 91.15736268 5
162 7.9124493757 1
163 45.0878832024 3
164 98.9690010669 5
165 15.5556295533 2
166 87.5270802993 5
167 24.4515901199 2
168 17.4784969771 2
169 29.7331007896 2
170 9.1989770066 1
171 30.9250849765 2
172 53.784429864 3
173 15.9133591224 2
174 4.3543504085 0
175 2.7481737547 0
176 39.6302024135 3
177 27.888119407 2
178 67.983404221 4
179 98.6363616539 5
180 32.6203250326 2
181 44.498590799 3
182 20.231256634 2
183 84.8455259111 4
184 76.5323361149 4
185 88.2226668298 5
186 50.4917829297 3
187 39.0589143848 3
188 73.4208649723 4
189 52.2085150238 3
190 60.2563095512 3
191 65.4621685157 4
192 17.909296602 2
193 52.6507224888 3
194 42.3929086421 3
195 18.2651501615 2
196 60.7217872282 3
197 38.268987136 3
198 11.1037781695 1
199 95.6373346271 5
200 97.6083526621 5
other
other simulation.
simulation. IfIf you
you like,
like, you
you
".
mber".
".
mber".

Simulation results
Simulation Occurences *
Value Occurrences Percentage Value
0 9 0.045 0
1 12 0.06 12
2 46 0.23 92
3 55 0.275 165
4 40 0.2 160
5 38 0.19 190
Totals 200 1 619
Average 3.095
Port of New Orleans Barge Unloadings NOTE: The random numbers appearing here may not

Total to
Previously Random be Random Possibly
Day delayed number Arrivals unoaded Number unloaded Unloaded
1 0 0.40506 2 2 0.772695 4 2
2 0 0.012574 0 0 0.314004 3 0
3 0 0.310235 2 2 0.100185 2 2
4 0 0.06141 0 0 0.942721 5 0
5 0 0.398153 2 2 0.440008 3 2
6 0 0.762375 4 4 0.272945 3 3
7 1 0.732746 4 5 0.895601 4 4
8 1 0.3762 2 3 0.933073 5 3
9 0 0.708391 4 4 0.813173 4 4
10 0 0.692791 3 3 0.935232 5 3

Barge Arrivals Unloading rates


Demand Probability Lower CumulativeDemand Number Probability Lower
0 0.13 0 0.13 0 1 0.05 0
1 0.17 0.13 0.3 1 2 0.15 0.05
2 0.15 0.3 0.45 2 3 0.5 0.2
3 0.25 0.45 0.7 3 4 0.2 0.7
4 0.2 0.7 0.9 4 5 0.1 0.9
5 0.1 0.9 1 5
numbers appearing here may not be the same as the ones in the book, but the formulas are the same.

CumulativeUnloading
0.05 1
0.2 2
0.7 3
0.9 4
1 5
Three Hills Power Company

Time Time of Time


Breakdow Random between breakdown repairperson is Random Repair
n number number breakdowns s free Number time
1 0.1752 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.9045 3
2 0.4306 2 3.5 4.5 0.2455 1
3 0.0822 1 4.5 5.5 0.1960 1
4 0.5608 2 6.5 6.5 0.0326 1
5 0.5267 2 8.5 8.5 0.9869 3
6 0.3154 2 10.5 11.5 0.7180 2
7 0.4012 2 12.5 13.5 0.1775 1
8 0.8527 3 15.5 15.5 0.9581 3
9 0.8936 3 18.5 18.5 0.4937 2
10 0.3312 2 20.5 20.5 0.1613 1

Demand
Time Table Repair times
between
breakdow
ns Probability Lower Cumulative Demand Time
0.5 0.05 0 0.05 0.5 1
1.0 0.06 0.05 0.11 1 2
1.5 0.16 0.11 0.27 1.5 3
2.0 0.33 0.27 0.6 2
2.5 0.21 0.6 0.81 2.5
3.0 0.19 0.81 1 3

NOTE: The random numbers appearing here may not be the same as the ones in the book, but the formulas
Repair
ends
4.5
5.5
6.5
7.5
11.5
13.5
14.5
18.5
20.5
21.5

Repair times

Probability Lower CumulativeLead time


0.28 0.00 0.28 1
0.52 0.28 0.80 2
0.20 0.80 1.00 3

in the book, but the formulas are the same.


Three Grocery Example

State Probabilities
American Food S Food Mart Atlas Foods
Time #1 #2 #3 Matrix of Transition Probabilities
0 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.1
1 0.41 0.31 0.28 0.1 0.7 0.2
2 0.415 0.314 0.271 0.2 0.2 0.6
3 0.4176 0.3155 0.2669
4 0.41901 0.31599 0.265
5 0.419807 0.316094 0.264099
6 0.4202748 0.3160663 0.2636589
Accounts Receivable Example

1 0 0 0
P= I:0 = 0 1 0 0
A:B 0.6 0 0.2 0.2
0.4 0.1 0.3 0.2

I-B= 0.8 -0.2


-0.3 0.8

F = (I - B) inverse 1.37931 0.344828


0.517241 1.37931

FA = 0.965517 0.034483
0.862069 0.137931
Box Filling Example

Quality Controlx bar chart


Enter
Enter the
the population
population standard
standard deviation
deviation
then
then enter
enter the
the data
data from
from each
each sample.
sample.
Number of 1 Finally,
Finally,you
you may
may change
change the
the number
number ofof
standard
standard deviations.
deviations.
Sample siz 36
Populatio
n
standard
deviation 2
Data Results
Mean
Sample 1 16 x-bar va 16
Average 16 z value 3
Sigma x 0.3333

Upper c 17
Center 16
Lower c 15
Super Cola Example

Quality Controlx bar chart


Enter
Enter the
the mean
mean and
and range
range from
from
Number of 1 each
each sample.
sample.
Sample si 5

Data Results
Mean Range Xbar Range
Sample 1 16.01 0.25 x-bar valu 16.01
Average 16.01 0.25
R bar 0.25

Upper con 16.1543 0.52875


Center li 16.01 0.25
Table Lower con 15.8658 0

Upper Lower
Sample Mean Range, Range,
size, n Factor, A2 D4 D3
2 1.88 3.268 0
3 1.023 2.574 0
4 0.729 2.282 0
5 0.577 2.115 0
6 0.483 2.004 0
7 0.419 1.924 0.076
8 0.373 1.864 0.136
9 0.337 1.816 0.184
10 0.308 1.777 0.223
11 0.285 1.744 0.256
12 0.266 1.716 0.284
13 0.249 1.692 0.308
14 0.235 1.671 0.329
15 0.223 1.652 0.348
16 0.212 1.636 0.364
17 0.203 1.621 0.379
18 0.194 1.608 0.392
19 0.187 1.596 0.404
20 0.18 1.586 0.414
21 0.173 1.575 0.425
22 0.167 1.566 0.434
23 0.162 1.557 0.443
24 0.157 1.548 0.452
25 0.153 1.541 0.459
ARCO

Quality Control p chart


Enter
Enter the
the sample
sample size
size then
then enter
enter the
the number
number of
of defects
defects in
in each
each sample.
sample.
Number o 20
Sample s 100

Data Results
# Defects % Defects Total Sam 2000
Sample 1 6 0.06 Total Def 80
Sample 2 5 0.05 Percenta 0.04
Sample 3 0 0 Std dev o ###
Sample 4 1 0.01 z value 3
Sample 5 4 0.04
Sample 6 2 0.02 Upper Co ###
Sample 7 5 0.05 Center L 0.04
Sample 8 3 0.03 Lower Co 0
Sample 9 3 0.03
Sample 1 2 0.02 p-chart
Sample 1 6 0.06 0.12
Mean
Sample 1 1 0.01 0.1
Sample 1 8 0.08 0.08
Sample 1 7 0.07 0.06
Sample 1 5 0.05 0.04
Sample 1 4 0.04 0.02
Sample 1 11 0.11 Above UCL 0
Sample 1 3 0.03
Sample 1 0 0 Sample
Sample 2 4 0.04

Graph information
Sample 1 0.06 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 2 0.05 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 3 0 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 4 0.01 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 5 0.04 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 6 0.02 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 7 0.05 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 8 0.03 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 9 0.03 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.02 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.06 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.01 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.08 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.07 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.05 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.04 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.11 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0.03 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 1 0 0 0.04 0.09879
Sample 2 0.04 0 0.04 0.09879
chart

Sample
Red Top Cab Company
c-chart
Quality Controlc chart

Mean
15
Enter
Enter the
the number
number of
of defects
defects for
for each
each of
of the
the
Number of 9 samples/items.
samples/items. 10

5
Data Results
# Defects Total un 9 0
Sample 1 3 Total De 54 1 2 3 4 5
Sam
Sample 2 0 Defect rate, 6
Sample 3 8 Standard2.4495
Sample 4 9 z value 3
Sample 5 6
Sample 6 7 Upper C 13.35
Sample 7 4 Center 6
Sample 8 9 Lower C 0
Sample 9 8

Graph information
Sample 1 3 0 6 13.34847
Sample 2 0 0 6 13.34847
Sample 3 8 0 6 13.34847
Sample 4 9 0 6 13.34847
Sample 5 6 0 6 13.34847
Sample 6 7 0 6 13.34847
Sample 7 4 0 6 13.34847
Sample 8 9 0 6 13.34847
Sample 9 8 0 6 13.34847
c-chart
5

0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Sample
AHP n= 3
Hardware Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Priority Wt. sum vector Consistency vector
Sys.1 1 3 9 Sys.1 0.6923 0.7200 0.5625 0.6583 2.0423 3.1025
Sys.2 0.3333 1 6 Sys.2 0.2308 0.2400 0.3750 0.2819 0.8602 3.0512
Sys.3 0.1111 0.1667 1 Sys.3 0.0769 0.0400 0.0625 0.0598 0.1799 3.0086
Column Total 1.4444 4.1667 16

Software Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Priority Wt. sum vector
Sys.1 1 0.5 0.125 Sys.1 0.0909 0.0769 0.0943 0.0874 0.2623 3.0014
Sys.2 2 1 0.2 Sys.2 0.1818 0.1538 0.1509 0.1622 0.4871 3.0028
Sys.3 8 5 1 Sys.3 0.7273 0.7692 0.7547 0.7504 2.2605 3.0124
Column Total 11 6.5 1.325

Vendor Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Sys.1 Sys.2 Sys.3 Priority Wt. sum vector
Sys.1 1 1 6 Sys.1 0.4615 0.4286 0.6000 0.4967 1.5330 3.0863
Sys.2 1 1 3 Sys.2 0.4615 0.4286 0.3000 0.3967 1.2132 3.0582
Sys.3 0.1667 0.3333 1 Sys.3 0.0769 0.1429 0.1000 0.1066 0.3216 3.0172
Column Total 2.1667 2.3333 10

Factor Hard. Soft. Vendor Hardware Software Vendor Priority Wt. sum vector
Hardware 1 0.125 0.3333 Hardware 0.0833 0.0857 0.0769 0.0820 0.2460 3.0004
Software 8 1 3 Software 0.6667 0.6857 0.6923 0.6816 2.0468 3.0031
Vendor 3 0.3333 1 Vendor 0.2500 0.2286 0.2308 0.2364 0.7096 3.0011
Column Total 12 1.4583 4.3333

n RI Hardware Software Vendor Priority


2 0.00 Sys.1 0.658 0.087 0.497 0.231
3 0.58 Sys.2 0.282 0.162 0.397 0.227
4 0.90 Sys.3 0.060 0.750 0.107 0.542
5 1.12
6 1.24
7 1.32
8 1.41
Consistency vector
Lambd 3.0541
CI 0.0270
CR 0.0466

Lambd 3.005543075
CI 0.0028
CR 0.0048

Lambd 3.0539
CI 0.0269
CR 0.0464

Lambd 3.0015
CI 0.0008
CR 0.0013
Matrix Multiplication

A= 1 2 3 B= 2 1
1 2 0 1 1
3 2

AxB = 13 9
4 3

Matrix Inverse

A= 2 1 A-inverse= 1.5 -0.5


4 3 -2 1

Matrix Determinant

A= 3 4 det(A)= -10
4 2