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172012

4
HPC
ANSYS

12


ANSYS HFSS

39

ANSYS Fluent

17'2012

ADVANTAGE

ANSYS Advantage.

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2011 --
2 ANSYS, Inc.
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17'2012 ........................................................... 2
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........................................................................................ 39

NACA-66 .............................................................................. 41

ANSYS Fluent .................................................................................... 45
........................................ 49

ANSYS Multiphysics
.............................. 52
ANSYS CFD
.................................................................................. 54

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ANSYS, ANSYS Workbench, CFX, AUTODYN, ICEM CFD


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



2011 --
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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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4

: (Kenneth Wong), Desktop Engineering

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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


HPC- ANSYS
:
7


: (Magnus Andersson), Volvo Aero,
,

Volvo Aero - Volvo Aero -


(HPC, -
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HPC
: (Ray Browell), (Barbara Hutchings), ANSYS, Inc

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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


ANSYS 14.0 GPU
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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


:

12




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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



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X. Yuan, Three-dimensional Electromagnetic Scattering from s
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Method, IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, BI 0 BI
Vol. 38, No. 8, August 1990, pp. 1053-1058.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



17

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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012




19

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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


--
. , , -
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- 25
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Mechanical - -
.
. -
, , :
, - [1] Shenton, D.N. and Cendes, Z.J. Three-Dimensional
ANSYS Mechanical, - Finite-Element Mesh Generation Using Delaunay
- Tesselation. IEEE Trans. Magn., 1985, Vol. MAG-21,
. - no. 6, pp. 25352538.
- [2] Silvester, P.P. and Pelosi, G. Finite Element for Wave
, Electromagnetics, IEEE Press, 1994; ISBN 0-7803-
. - 1040-3, Section Hierarchal Elements, p. 13.
, - [3] Sun, D.-K., Lee, J.-F., Cendes, Z.J. Construction of
Nearly Orthogonal Nedelec Bases for Rapid
Convergence with Multilevel Preconditioned
- Solvers.Siam J. Sci. Comput., 2001. Vol. 23, No. 4,
. pp. 10531076.
[4] Steve McFee and Dennis Giannacopoulos,
, Introduction to Adaptive Finite Element Analysis for
- Electromagnetic Simulations, Computational Analysis
- - and Design Laboratory Electrical & Computer
. - Engineering, McGill University, Canada

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012




26



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- . -
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- ANSYS CFX
.. ,
() -
.. . .

126
() 1= 3..5, 1= 5, 1= 10.5
() 1= 8..14, , =0.612,

. 1. ()

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


27
. 2.

. 4. 605

. 3.

() zo= 3 , -
26 ( 605).

. 2 3.

, . 5.
, -
. -
, 4 -
, .
- -
, , -
(. 4). CFX, -
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15. -
. 5. , . 6 7,
- , , .
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. - , , . 8,
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Frozen Rotor. 1 -


. 6. : ) 1; ) 2; 1 2
; 3 (); 4 () ; 5 (0.5 zo);
;

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



-
. ,
-

28 ,
-
,
.
. 7. (. 810), -
(z=2
): ; , -
-
, -
. 2 -
- -
. 3 -
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; 1 ; 2 ; 1+2 ; 3
2

. 9. (0.5 zo)
( 50, .8)

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


29


. 10. , 20 () 35 ()
, ( 36,7); ; ;
13 . 8; 4 ;

-
3 (. 11), , -
1. (. 14).
4 (. 10), - ,
605 -
1. - -
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, - ; -
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4 (. 10), 1 ;
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-
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;
, , .
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, -
- (r)
. - .
, , :
- 1.
(. 13). =1 ( 905)
- 2. :
a. r=0.5 905;

. 11. , 3 . 12. :
.8

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


30

. 13.
. 14.


.15. : ( 903 905); ( 9031)

b. r=0.3 903. ) 905 -


3. , r=0.3:
a. l=2.7 16.3 -
9031; , .17. -
b. l=1.5 9032. 7.9% (. 16).

.15. 905 903 (r)
-
r 4.2% (. 16), -
67.63 -
, (. 17).
-
. -
.19.
- . 20.
. 1617. , -
(. 20),
605 905 ()
. 18 . , ,
.
, - , -
.
- ,
-
. , -
(, , , - , , .

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


31

. 16. . 17.


. 18. (Streamlines): 605; 905

-
-
-
; ;
.
9031:
99,34 , -
. -
,

,
,
v2, v1 903 (. 10)
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.
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9031 , 903, ,
.

-
.

9031 9032 (
)
-
. 20.
.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


32


. 21. (300 ): 903;
9031


. 22. ( ): 9031; 9032

, - 7.

, - .
(. 22). ,

9032 0.1%, -
3.6 , . -
0.83%. - -
. ,
- , ,
, -
.
.

:
1. - 1. .. :
. , ,
2. = . .
0.612 1 - , 491. .
7.9%. , , 2004.
3. 2. .. .
4.2%. . . 1972.
4. - 3. .. , .. , .. .

.
5. - // , .
11.3%. XL -
6. : .
. ., 621.165, . . 2011.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


ANSYS CFX
33





: .. , .. , .. , , -

. 1
-
- . , -
- -
- . -
. - .
90- 2000- -
- -
, , - -
, - -
30 40% .
. -
-
. - , -
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. , -
. -
, -
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- .
. - -
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, -
, .
. - , -
, -
, , -
, - -
. , - ..
-
-
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.
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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


34

. 1.

. -
, [2, 3].
- [4]
, - -

. -
- .
- RANS-
: k- MSST. -
-. -
, - , SINF [5]
- ANSYS CFX, -
, -
-
- (RANS), [6] MSST
-
. -

RANS-
, -
-
. -
, -
, -
,
- -

. 2.

(103) . 3.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


. . 2 - -
-
- 10%
. - . -
[8]
, - - 35
-
, , , -
. -
.

1.

(. 3) - , C () 35.9
- , Cax () 29.5
- , S () 46.0
GE-E3 , C/S 0.78
[7]. - , C/P 1.23
- , T0,in (K) 302
1. : , p0,in () 105
- () 35
- , Uin (/) 10
(. 1). - Rein=UinCax/ 2.1105
- (%) 5
-
, qw (/2) 840
[8].
. 2
. - -
-
(Z) - -
. , - -. -
MSST [9].
-
. - . 1. ,

. 4. ()
()

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


36

. 5. (X/Cax = 0.39) (X/Cax = 1.05)


() ()

.
Cax, - - -
, - -
, -
,
= 42 . -
2/S = 0.18 .
, -
[2]. -
- , -
. - , , [2-4].
- -
. ANSYS CFX.
.

- 5-6 .
H-O-H . ,
. 1,
. H- - ,
64 . 53 . ;
O- 981 . .
, ,
, - , -
- , -

. 6.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



.
.4 Q- , ..
.
. 5 Cpt
. Q-- . 37
X , -
(U`) -

(S), - , Y , -
: , Z , -

( ) = 21 xu ux ,
1 , -
Q=
2
&
S
2
i j
. 1. -
2 j i
.
xi ui - , X/Cax = 0.39, -
. - -
Q- . , , X/Cax = 1.05, -
, .
,
. 4.
p0,in p0 X/Cax = 0.39
Cpt = , -
0.5 Uin2
.
p0,in p0 - ,
, -
.
, - ,
- -
. - . ,
, -
. , , ..
, ,
, ,
. . , X/Cax = 1.05

,
. -
,
-
-
, -
(Y/S 0.2).
-
, -

-
.
-
X/Cax = 0.39 , -
, -

.
, -

. , X/Cax = 1.05,
-
. 7.
-
() (Nu)
. ,

.. , -

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


. - SINF ANSYS CFX -


-
. - ANSYS CFX

. . -
38 . 6 - ,
- , , 20%,
. - ,
: 15% -
qw Cax , -
Nu =
(Tw T0,in ) -
.

qw, -
T0,in (. . 1) 1. Ito, E. Development of key technologies for the next
Tw. , generation gas turbine / Ito E., Okada I., Tsukagoshi
K., Muyama A. // ASME Turbo Expo 2007, GT2007-
28211. 2007, 8 P.
. - 2. Levchenya A.M. Numerical Simulation of the Endwall
- Heat Transfer in the Langston Cascade /
- A.M. Levchenya, E.M. Smirnov, D.K. Zaytsev // Int.
. Symp. on Heat Transfer in Gas Turbine Systems 9-14
- August, 2009, Antalya, Turkey. CD-ROM Proceedings,
paper 9-EW, 8 P.
3. ..
, -
. -
- / .. ,
- - .. // .
48, 1. 2010, . 6273.
4. A.M. Levchenya RANS-based numerical simulation
. , and visualization of the horseshoe vortex system in
- the leading edge endwall region of a symmetric body /
- A.M. Levchenya, E.M. Smirnov, V.D. Goryachev //
. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 31,
Iss. 6. 2010, 1107-1112.
- 5. ..
. 7. -
- /
, .., .. // -
(X/Cax = 0.1) (X/Cax = 1.1). , 3. 2004, . 70-81.
, - 6. Praisner, T.J. The Dynamics of the Horseshoe Vortex
and Associate Endwall Heat Transfer Part II: Time-
, , - Mean Results / Praisner, T.J., Smith, C.R. // ASME J.
X/Cax = 1.05 23% Turbomach., 2006, Vol. 128, pp. 755-762.
. - 7. Timko, L.P. Energy Efficient Engine. High Pressure
- Turbine Component. Test Performance Report / Timko,
. L.P. NASA LRC Report 168289. 1990. 188 P.
8. Gustafson, R. Aerodynamic Measurements in a Linear
(X/Cax < 0.3) (X/Cax > 0.6) - Turbine Blade Passage with Three-Dimensional
. Endwall Contouring / Gustafson, R., Mahmood, G.,
- Acharya, S. // ASME, Turbo Expo 2007, GT2007-
28073. 2007. 11 P.
15-18%. 9. Menter, F.R. Ten Years of Industrial Experience with
the SST Turbulence Model / Menter, F.R., Langtry, R.,
Kuntz, M. // Turbulence, Heat and Mass Transfer 4
(CD-ROM Proceedings). Redding, CT: Begell House
Inc./ 2003. pp. 625 632.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012




39


: .., ..., . .
.., ..., .
.., -

2011 .
-2011, - - :
;
( ) - - ;
-

() -45. ;
- ;
, - ;
. ,
- .
-2011.
-45 . -
V-- -
. -
- GPS/ ()
- . .
, -


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, -
. -
--
,

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,
,
. 1. , .
- -
-
, , ,

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


. 2:
, 15, 0,
15 /;
, 15,
30, 30 /.
40 -
,
, -
.


. 3.

, -
,
10 17
. -
-

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, ; ,


.
-

.
.


ANSYS. . 4.

3D , - -

. 3D - ANSYS:
ANSYS. -
-
.
, . ;
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. - ;
15 15 -
0 45 . -
3 30 /. .

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



41


NACA-66

1 -

ANSYS CFX - .
- ,
NACA-66 (MOD). -
- .
RANS-- -
, Pointwise [2] -
- .
, -
, . , -
- .
-

- .
. ,
- - -
.
-
1. ANSYS CFX
. ,
(David : ,
Hally, Defence R&D Canada, 2009 .). ( - -
) ,
. -
,
DRDC Atlantic ANSYS -
CFX ANSYS CFX.
. -
.
, - -
, -
- .
. -
- :
NACA-66 (MOD) [1], 1. -
(0.02).
1
2.
-
. (Nle = 5).

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


42

. 1. , ANSYS CFX. ,
.
3. , .
(Nte = 5). -
4. (105). ,
5. -
() (1.1).
6. .
(0.1). -
7. (40). -
8. 0 y+ 11.06 [4].
(2). -
9. (transition ratio = 1). , -
1 -
, -
. .
ANSYS CFX -
. 1. 11.06 y+ 300.

2. -
- , -
NACA-66 4. - y+ 11. -

Cp 6. -
Re ( .
) 107. s.
SST [3]. , s = 2 -
y+ 22, s = 32
2.1. y+ 350, .
y+
y+ 10.
, - -
. (. . 2) ,
, -
, y+,
. , - y+.
- . 3. -
? Cf y+. -
- 5 , -
- s = 1
. -
. -

. .

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


43

. 2. C . 4.
y+
s

. 5.
. 3. y+

-
s
Nle = 3.
. 4 5 . 7 -
y+
. -
,
. - -
. -

- -
y+, 11 .
.

2.2.




,

Nle. -
: 3, 5, 10, 15 /
20. -
(1.6310-3), -
: 5.43104,
3.26104, 1.63104, 1.09104 8.15105, - . 6.
. . 6 N = 3

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


2.4.



-
44 -
. -
-
I: -
I = 1% t/ = 1; -
I = 5% t/ = 10; -
I = 10% t/ = 100.
. 7.
. 9.


[1] Brockett, T. (1966), Minimum Pressure Envelopes for
Modified NACA-66 Sections with NACA a = 0.8
Camber and BuShips Type I and Type II Sections,
(Report 1780) David W. Taylor Naval Ship Research
and Development Center.
[2] Reliable CFD Meshing You Trust (online), Pointwise,
Inc., Fort Worth, Texas, http://www.pointwise.com
(Access Date: November 2008).
[3] Menter, F. R. (1993), Zonal Two Equation k-
Turbulence Models for Aerodynamic Flows, Technical
Report AIAA Paper 93-2906.
. 8. [4] http://www.ansys.com/products/cfx.asp (Access Date:
November 2008).

ANSYS
Advantage , -
ANSYS
CFX , DTMB P4679
DTMB P4718,
7.5. -
NACA-
66 (MOD). -
DRDC Atlantic. -
DRDC Atlantic

. -
. 9. -
,
-
2.3. -
.
- -
- -.
-
R: 10, 20, 30 40. -
, -
s Nle (1 . DRDC Atlantic -
10, ). RANS- ANSYS CFX
-
, . -
- - DTMB P4679
R = 20 . DTMB P4718.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



45



ANSYS Fluent
: .., --, .. , -

-
- [1].
, - , -
,
. - 3040% (.2),

, 1520%,
- ,
NOx SO2. -
- . , -
, - .
- -
, , . - -
. -
, , .

. -
-820 820 /,
, - --
- (. ). 2001 . --
. -
-
- .


. 2. 600
:
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www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


-820,
-
600 -
, -
-.
46 -
, -
ANSYS
FLUENT,
. -
-
,
,
.

. 3. 3D- 600 -
600 (BV0)
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(8 ).
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.
NO, 10-15 % BV0. ,
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Qhp=3917 /, =39,6%; WP=6,3%; V=31,4%. -
, P1-.
: 338 /; -
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, -
- . 4.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


5, -
, - -
. - -
(. 5) , ,
- .
: , - 47
, , -
(3045) . - .

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-
, , -
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,
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: 1360-1580 (. 7).
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. 5
. 6.

1

, NO2, /3 q4, % (

( ) ( ) )
- .
30450 100% 1100 530600 1.21.7
- .
450 - . 60% 950 520 1,1

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


48

. 7. , . 8.
,

-
-
, -
[3]. -

(98,5-99%). -
(. 7) , -

-
600 /3.
. 8 -
. . 9.
, ( + )
, /2
, .
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. .


(. 9). - 1. ..
- ,
. 9 - 820 /:
- . . . . . ,
. 1999. 58 .
, 2. ..
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- ,
- , 2006 .
, - 3. .., .. .
,
- ,
( ), //
-
, NOx - : .. ,
. 1991. . 28-29.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



49


: Ana Belen Amado, Zitron, Gijon, ,
Carlos Garcia, Roberto Garcia, ANSYS, Inc.

, -
, , - .
45 -
- ,
. - , Guadarrama (), San Gottardo
- (), Rennsteig ().
, . 100
, -
- Zitron.
. - -
- , -
.
, .
, - , , -
. ,
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, -
,
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Zitron, - . -
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Zitron -
ANSYS Fluent, -
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. , -
-

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CFD- 10 -
-
. Zitron

. -
,
, .
CFD- -
-
Calle-30 (). , , 10 , Zitron -
: 2800 , -
630 -

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


50

. Mlaga,

. - ,
- -
, Zitron . -
,
. .
- Zitron -
Zitron .
. - , -
- ,
. -
, -
, . , 0.25 -
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.
. 5 -
- ,
, 600 . ,
- .
. Sweep MultiZone, ANSYS Meshing,
-
, -
. - ,
-
, .
. CAD- -
Zitron ANSYS Workbench, -
- . -
. -
ANSYS Workbench -
-
, - . -
, -
. (Fluent) -
- -
, -
. , - . -

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


51

-
- . -
- -
- . ,
.
Zitron -
- .
, -
. - , Fluent -
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, - 2 5
. .
- -
: 1) -
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- . -
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. . -
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, -
. , -
, , , , -
, , .
1 - Zitron -
. -
. , -
- ANSYS CFD. ,
. Zitron -
- . -
RANS. , Zitron, -
k- Realizable - CFD , -
- -
. .

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



52



: Roberto Silva de Oliveira, Tarcisio de Freitas Cardoso, Eletronuclear S.A., --
, Brazil Vitor Lopes Pereira, Luiz Gustavo Del Bianchi da Silva Lima, ESSS, --
, Bence Gerber; Chris Quan; Missy Ji, ANSYS, Inc.

- ANGRA 2 ANGRA 3. -
, - ANGRA 1 ANGRA 2
.
. , ANGRA 3
, - 1350 . -
,
, -
- . -
. - , .
- -
- , , , -
, .
. ANSYS
Eletronuclear S.A, Autodyn
, - -
. -
. ,
Eletronuclear S.A. ,
1997 - , -
ANGRA 1, . -
ANSYS Autodyn, Eletronuclear
S.A.
, .
ANSYS Autodyn -
-
. -
; -
, , -
. -
, -
, -
. -
, ANSYS Autodyn,
-
, -
, , -
. -
,
,
ANGRA - .

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012



- -
. -
. - -
,
, . 53
. - , -
-
, - 3,5 , -
. -- -
.
12 Dell
. Latitude E6410.


ANSYS Autodyn ANGRA 3
.
- ,
( ), ANGRA 3 -
( - .
). - Eletronuclear S.A. , -
, (Euler FCT), -
- . ,
. - ,
-
. - -
, - . ANSYS Autodyn -
- Eletronuclear S.A.
. - , -
. .
ANGRA 3
2015 .


[1] Ripley, R.C.; von Rosen, B.; Ritzel, D.V.; Whitehouse,
D.R. Small-Scale Modeling of Explosive Blasts in
Urban Scenarios, Proceedings of 21st International
Symposium on Ballistics, Australia, 2004.
[2] Luccioni , B.M.; Ambrosini, R.D.; Danesi. R.F.
Analysis of Building Collapse under Blast Loads.
Engineering Structures, 2003, August 16.
[3] Quan, X.; Birnbaum, N.K.; Cowler, M.S.; Gerber, B.I.;
Clegg, R.A.; Hayhurst, C.J. Numerical Simulation of
Structural Deformation under Shock and Impact
, - Loads Using a Coupled Multi-Solver Approach,
- Proceedings of 5th Asia-Pacific Conference on Shock
and Impact Loads on Structures, Hunan, China,
( 3 ), November 1214, 2003.

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


ANSYS CFD

54

: , --

-
, -
-
2025 23,2 .
.

-
-
-

,
.

- . 1. ,
.

10-15 . , -
, 20% 2020
, 48% 2040 .
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, -
-
- .
():
;
; -
; 40 T, -
; 4.6 T. : 9 .
. 160
, 2000 -
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: - -
40%, 21% . -
6,7%, 12,2% - : 98% -
19,2%, 23%
16,1%, 2,1% ,
15,7%, - , -
0,68% 2,2%. - .
-
5 . ,

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


55

. 2. Itaipu Dam. . 3.
(: ., 2009)
-
. 100% - , -
, ,
18 12,6 . -
-
, .
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- .
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- ,
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), Sinovel (), Vestas (), Gamesa
(), Suzlon (), Enercon (). 0,45. -
2006 , - , ,
27,9% -
,
15,7%, 15,7%, 8,5%,
4,24%, 3,06%.

. ,


, -
1 / ..
10
(, , , -
.) 1600 -
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17 , 0,008%
. . 4.
. Sky WindPower

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


10 10 /
85
[1]. -
3
12 .
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-
- (Flying
Electric Generators FEG). -
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2 -
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-.
(NASA, 2007)
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-
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35 % - , -
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, - .
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100 , - ().
> 1 . , - -
- (Aguadora) .
. 2006 -
-
() - 2,25 (Pelamis), -
36,9 % (- 750 .
, ); -
24 %. 3,5 , -
1417%. - .
- 142 . -
-
45%, . 2015 -
30 %. 525 .
30 25%, 2011 -
. Ocean Power Technologies

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


, -
.
-
-
, -
. , 57
-
, -
,

[4].

-
. -
. 6. .
,

.
Pelamis
( 200 )
platurus
- ,
-
PowerBuoy PB150 42- .
, - , , -
, - -
11- . -
150 . - [2].
, , - ,
. ,
- , -
. - .
, , -
, . 2003 -
PowerBuoy - Marine
, Currrent Turbines (MCT
, - ). -
, , -
. - .
, Seaflow.
- 300 . 2008 -
(: www.popmech.ru). -
, -
SeaGen 1,2 -
, - ) . SeaGen
,
,
, -
.

-
, -
.
SeaGen -

15
20 (
).
,

. , , -
. 7. Ocean Power Technologies 180 .

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


.
, -

.
, -
58 , , ,
. . [3].
,

, -
, -
. -
-
-
, ,
,
(. 10, ).
-
, -
.
. 8. SeaGen , -
, , ,
.

, . -
.
,

, -
,
[3].
. 11
,
Atlantis Resources.

. 9. SeaGen


, -
. -
. -
: -
-
.
. 9 ( ) -
SeaGen.
-
-
-
- -
().
, -
-
, .
, - . 10.
- : ;

www.ansyssolutions.ru ANSYS Advantage. | 17'2012


, -


. , -
,
, - 59
, .
,
ANSYS -
-

,
.

Vigor Wave Energy Converter


-
. 11. AK-1000,
(). -
Atlantis Resource (: www.atlantisr
,
esourcescorporation.com)
-
( -
21,3 . ).
1 . - . -
- -
()
250 .
, ,
2013 . Atlantis Resources
-
. 2009 -


378 -
.

ANSYS


-
- . 12. Vigor

. 13. Vigor

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. -
.
.
,
-
60 . -
3 . -
-
Vigor Wave Energy AB,
Chalmers University of
Technology, -
Vigor ANSYS CFX. -
. 13 . - . 15.
200 ;
8 ; 1.5 .
,
3 .

SRTT
2002 -
Scotrenewables Marine Power Ltd.

Scotrenewables Tidal Turbine (SRTT) -
-
. 4 -
SRTT
(1/14, 1/16 1/7). 2006 , -
. 16. , ANSYS
Total, ICEM CFD
SRTT.
2010 Scotrenewables Marine Power -
Harland and SRTT 250 .
Wolff Heavy Industries Ltd. - SRTT
,
(. 14). SRTT -
, . -
32 . -
12 .
26 /.
, -
SRTT 2,5 ,
25 .
, , -
-

.


1. . . .
: . .: ,
2003.
2. ., .
. .: , 1990.
3. ..
( ). ., 2004.
. 14. SRTT, 4. . . . :
Scotrenewables Marine
Power Ltd . . . ., 2008, . LII, 6.

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ANSYS


61




: .. , .. ,

.
-
,
,
- . -
- ,
-
,
.
, -
-
() - , .

, -
. . -
- .
, - -
. - -
-
. , - . 1 2 [1, 2].
,
, - -
. - -
-
, - [1, 2, 3].

1. - [2]
,
, R, /3
/ T1, K w1, 3/ /
2,09 2200 0,3 111,4 1,51,9
3,25 2770 0,9 352,8 1,541,64
:
2,68 2400 1,025 380,6 1,541,64
3,6 3000 0,9 334,2 1,541,64
2,45 2100 1,025 388,8 1,541,64
2,51 2100 1,066 395,8 1,541,64
2,51 2100 1,066 395,8 1,541,64

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ANSYS

2. [2]
f,
/ , , 3/ u1, c 2/
275 0,5 1020
62 932 1 0,714
:
883 1,1 0,561
981 0,95 1,836
854 1,13 0,408
890 1,06 0,612
890 1,06 0,612

3.
,
2e1 2b 2c ^
e
, 2r 3 -1 0,33
1,5 30 200 1,058 -0,0547 0,00036
1,78 255 1,007 -0,007 0
,
dk 0,667 0,5 0
:
2 dk 25 dk 0,72 0,345 -0,0556
0,53 dk 25 dk 1,808 -0,470
2,5 5 2 -0,141 0,03125
2,5 2,5 2 -0,5 0


de
u  .
dt
 , ;

u = u(p). ,
. , 50 , -
.
1,7 /3, - u = u1 p, (2)
1,6 /3.
- u1 .
-
e
z  , e - . 2.
e1
; 2e1
d 1 d
.  . (3)
= (z) dt dt


 z 1 z z2 , (1) -
= ( ),
, d = S de, (3)

= 1 + + ,  , - :
1 1
d S de
 , (4)
- dt ,0 d t
S -
2 e1 2e
;  ,  1 ; 0
2b 2c
.
; 2b, 2c
S
.  ,
S1
, ,
- S1 S -
. 3. .

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ANSYS

p* ,
, , - , -
: .
5. (6) (11), -
= (1 ), (5) 63
:
,
u1 p *
2/3, , G ,
1/2, e1
p
0. 
H pg 
p*
, Sh() = Sl(z), Sh() = (1
ANSYS AUTODYN [3],
11.0, Powder )c, Sl(z) = (1 + 2z + 3z2), c
Burn Model. , Sh()
: (5);
Sh() -
d -
dt

 G 1 H p g ,
c
(6)
,
G, ; H(pg) - Sl(z) ,
; ;
;
H(pg) , -
. (6) Powder
: Burn Model -
- ;
JWL, -
.
,
g
p  g eg exp , (7) (2) -
D -
g, eg -
; D ; , , -
- Powder
, Burn Model.
- -
, - (
. ) , -
- [1].
Powder Burn Model . 3.
: c
1. S (4): (6) -
d :
S  ,0 . (8)
de (1) (10),
d d
2. : :
de d
d d dz
 
d e d z d e e1

1 2 z 3 z 2 . (9) d

2 6 z
; (12)
d 
1 2 z 3 z 2
3. (8)
(9), S:
:
S  ,0 
1 2 z 3 z 2 . (10)
e1 d
 1 ;
1
(13)
4. (2) (10) - d
(4): (12)
d u1 p * p (13) = 0, :
dt

e1
 p

1 2 z 3 z 2 * , (11)
2
 . (14)

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ANSYS

(14), -
c = ,
,
, c = 0,141 c = 0,5 .
64 -
(7)

:
f$ . 1.
p , (15) :
1 $
1 ; 2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5
f ; ;
.
, f -
(15) -
-
1 = 1 -
2 = 2: .
p1 = f 1/(1 1),
p2 = f 2/(1 2).
eg D -
-
:
p1  1 eg exp  1 D ;
(16)
p2  2 eg exp  2 D .
(16)
D1  1 2 ln ; p2 1  p1 2 =,
eg  p1 [1 exp ;  1 D =]. (17)
. 2.

- t = 2,9

,
(15).
Powder Burn
Model ( -
Powder Burn Model ( - ), -
) - . -
-
- -
. . -
- -
. 1.
- .
ANSYS AUTODYN. . 2
,
- 1. .. /
2,9 - .. , .. , .. .
. - .; .: , 1939. 592 .
- 2. .. /
, .. .: -
. .. , 1975. 243 .
3. AUTODYN. Theoty Manual. Century Dynamics Inc.,
. 2005. 235 c.

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