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mathematics

and rules , with which any mathematical problem - be it arithmetic,

algebra, geometry or trigonometry can be solved mentally

Instant calculations

e.g.1000-457=543

multiplication tables beyond 5x5.

e.g. 8x7;7x6

down!

e.g.

Multiply crosswise & add to get the numerator, & multiply the

denominators to get the denominator.

Multiplying a number by 11.

e.g.26 x 11=286;77x11=847;

e.g.43/9=4;232/9=25,(r.2+3+2=7)

ii)Reminder 43=>4+3=7

Multiplying by 12

e.g. 12 X17;

• Effect

You write down the following 8 digit number on a piece of paper:

• 12345679

• Then ask a friend to circle one of the digits. Say that they circle

number 7.

• You then ask your friend to multiply the 8 digit number by 63, and

magically the result ends up being:

• 12345679

x 63

777777777

• The Secret

When your friend circles a number, you need to multiply the

chosen number by 9 in your head - if 3 was chosen you would

work out 3 x 9 = 27. Then you need to ask your friend to multiply

the 8 digit number by the number you have just worked out. In the

case of 3 being chosen you ask your friend to multiply 12345679

by 27 and you magically get the answer 333333333.

repeatedly summing all the digits of a number.

• Example:

• Digital root of 89149 = 4

(that is, it is 0, 3, 6, or 9).

(that is, it is 0 or 9).

by 9.

• 1236 divided by 9 = … R 3

• 36 divided by 9 = … R 0

= (2+9) = (1+1) = 2

VEDIC SQUARE

Table of digital root of single digit product

1 x4= 4

2 x4= 8

3 x4= 3

4 x4= 7

5 x4= 2

6 x4= 6

7 x4= 1

8 x4= 5

9 x4= 9

• Digital root of a prime number (except 3) is 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, or 8

numbers 19, 2 (11), 13, 5 (23), 7 (43), and 8 (17), respectively.

to be prime.

to reach the digital root.

0 step => 0

1 step => 10

2 steps => 19

19999999999999999999999

4 steps => 1999999999999999999999

(22 9’s + 1)

(quotient 19999999999999999999998

divide 9) 9’s

=> 1 followed by

2222222222222222222222 9’s

• YES.

• 10^80

• YES.

• YES.

Lattice Multiplication

Answer = 264

1 2

0 0 2

0 2 4

0 0 2

2 2 4

6 4

Answer = 2958

3 4

2 3 8

2 4 2

2 2 7

9 1 8

5 8

This number 3816547290 has the required unique

property of being divisible by 10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1 by

striking off the right most digits successively i.e. remove 0,

it is divisible by 9, remove 7290 it is divisible by 6 (that is

the number of digits remaining in the number) and so on.

3816547290 divisible by 10

381654729 divisible by 9

38165472 divisible by 8

3816547 divisible by 7

381654 divisible by 6

38165 divisible by 5

3816 divisible by 4

381 divisible by 3

38 divisible by 2

3 divisible by 1

There are two known solutions using all nine digits for

1738 x 4 = 6952

1963 x 4 = 7852

Three more 1 to 9 puzzles, each number is twice the previous one and the series

uses only 1 to 9 once.

219, 438, 657

273, 546, 819

327, 654, 981

1729 is the smallest number that can be expressed as the sum of two cubes in 2

distinct ways. Such numbers have been dubbed taxicab numbers.

Strange ways!

13 = 12

13 + 23 = (1 + 2)2

13 + 23 + 33 = (1 + 2 +3)2

13 + 23 + 33 + 43 = (1 + 2 +3 +4)2

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