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WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

Ultrasonic Testing
Coursework 1

Answer all questions.

1. An ultrasonic longitudinal wave travels in aluminium with a velocity of a velocity


635,000cm/s and has a frequency of 2Mhz. What is the wavelength.?

a) 6.3 feet.
b) 1.33 mm
c) 6.35 mm
d) 3.17 mm

2. The velocity of sound waves is primarily dependent on?

a) The pulse lenght10dB


b) The frequency of the probe
c) The material in which the sound is being transmitted and the mode of vibration
d) None of the above.

3. Angle beam transducers are used to?

a) Locate and evaluate discontinuities lying parallel to the surface of the specimen
b) Locate and evaluate discontinuities that lie parallel to the sound beam
c) Detect discontinuities are at 90 degrees to the sound beam.
d) Detect discontinuities in immersion testing.

4. The process of comparing an instrument or device with a standard is called:

a) Angulation
b) Calibration
c) Attenuation
d) Correlation

5. Another name for a compression wave is?

a) Lamb wave
b) Shear wave
c) Longitudinal wave
d) Transverse wave

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WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

6. A second name for Rayleigh wave is?

a) Shear waves
b) Longitudinal waves
c) Transverse waves
d) Surface waves

7. A material used between the face of a search unit and the test surface to permit or
improve the transmission of ultrasonic vibrations from the search unit to the
material being tested is called

a) A wetting agent
b) A couplant
c) An acoustic transmitter
d) A lubricant

8. The piezoelectric material in a probe, which vibrates to produce ultrasonic wave,


is called:

a) A backing material
b) A Lucite wedge
c) A transducer element or crystal
d) A couplant

9. Ultrasonic testing of a material where the probe is in direct contact with the
material being tested is:

a) Compression wave testing


b) Surface wave testing
c) Angle beam testing
d) All of the above

10. An advantage of using Lithium Sulphate in search unit is that

a) It is the one of the most efficient generators of ultrasonic energy.


b) It is the one of the most efficient receivers of ultrasonic energy.
c) It is soluble.
d) It can withstand high temperatures.

11. Which of the following search units would contain the thinnest quartz crystal?

a) A 1Mhz search unit


b) A 5Mhz search unit
c) A 15Mhz search unit
d) A 25Mhz search unit

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WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

12. The probe shown in Figure 1 is used for

a) Surface wave testing


b) Angle beam testing
c) Immersion testing
d) Straight beam testing

Figure 1

13. Snells law is used to calculate

a) Refracted angles
b) Wavelenght
c) Frequency
d) All of the above

14. Surface waves detect defects located


a) Close to or at the surface
b) 1 wavelenght below the surface
c) 3 wavelenght below the surface
d) At radius

15. When an ultrasonic beam passes through the interface of two dissimilar metals
different velocities at an angle other than 90 degrees, a new angle of sound travel
takes place in the second material due to:

a) Attenuation
b) Rarefaction
c) Compression
d) Refraction

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WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

16. Figure 2 illustrates a contact test on an 80mm aluminium block, using a normal
beam compression probe and a calibrated range of 200mm. A discontinuity is
located 60mm from the front surface and the screen representation for this is
shown below. What does indication A represent?

a) Initial pulse
b) First discontinuity indication
c) Fist back surface reflection
d) Mode conversion

A B C D E

Defect

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Screen calibrated to 100mm
Figure 2

17. What does indication B represent in Figure 2?

a) Front surface indication


b) First discontinuity indication
c) First back wall reflection
d) None of the above

18. What does indication C represent in Figure 2?

a) Second back surface reflection


b) First discontinuity indication
c) Second discontinuity indication
d) First back wall reflection

19. What does indication D represent in Figure 2?


a) First discontinuity indication
b) Second indication of the discontinuity
c) First back wall reflection
d) Second back surface reflection

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WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

20. What does indication E represent in Figure 2?

a) First discontinuity indication


b) Second discontinuity indication
c) First back wall reflection
d) Second back surface reflection

21. Most commercial ultrasonic testing is accomplished using frequency between

a) 1 and 25 Kilohertz
b) 0.2 and 20 Megahertz
c) 1 and 1,000 Kilohertz
d) 15 and 100 Megahertz

22. All other factor being equal, which of the following modes of vibration has the
Greatest velocity?

a) Shear waves
b) Transverse waves
c) Surface waves
d) Longitudinal waves

23. Sound waves of afrequency beyond the hearing range of human ear are referred
to as ultrasonic waves or vibration and the term embraces all vibration waves of
frequency greater than approximately:

a) 20,000 hertz
b) 2 megahertz
c) 2 kilohertz
d) 200 kilohertz

24. In an A- scan presentation, the horizontal base line represents the:

a) Amount of reflected ultrasonic sound energy


b) Distance traveled by the search unit
c) Elapsed times or distance
d) None of the above

25. In an A- scan presentation, the amplitude of vertical indication on the screen


represent:

a) Amount of ultrasonic sound energy returning to the probe


b) Distance traveled by the search unit
c) Thickness of material being treated
d) Elapsed time since the ultrasonic pulse was generated