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2.1. Solid Waste

Solid waste is commonly known as trash or garbage (US), refuse or
rubbish (UK) is a waste type consisting of everyday items that are
discarded by the public. "Garbage" can also refer specifically to food
waste, as in a garbage disposal; the two are sometimes collected
Solid waste means any garbage, refuse, sludge from a wastewater
treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control
facility and other discarded materials including solid, liquid, semi-solid,
or contained gaseous material, resulting from industrial, commercial,
mining and agricultural operations, and from community activities, but
does not include solid or dissolved materials in domestic sewage, or
solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial
discharges that are point sources subject to permit under 33 USC 1342,
as amended (86 Stat. 880), or source, special nuclear or by-product
material as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (68
Stat. 923) except as may be provided by existing agreements between
the State of New York and the government of the United States.
In Simple Words - Solid wastes are any discarded or abandoned
materials. Solid wastes can be solid, liquid, semi-solid or containerized
gaseous material (enwikipedia.com).
Solid waste management is an integrated system of appropriate
techniques and mechanisms for waste generation, collection, storage,
processing, conversion and transport and disposal of the lowest
possible cost and with minimal risks to human health and the
Solid waste has two major components that are described in these
materials: The first (and largest) component is municipal solid waste
(MSW) or trash generated by residents, businesses, institutions and
municipalities (not including hazardous waste and other industrial by-
products). The second is debris generated by building construction and
.demolition work
Municipal solid waste (MSW) typically contains a wide variety of
discarded materials, such as food scraps, yard wastes, paper and
paperboard products, plastics, metal, rubber, leather, textiles, wood, glass,
.and other miscellaneous materials
While households and businesses across the country generally produce
the same kinds and proportions of wastes, Hadhramout waste may
contain slightly higher or lower proportions of some materials believes
that municipal solid waste generated in the Commonwealth is not
.significantly different than what is generated nationally
2.1.1. Composition of solid waste:
The composition of municipal solid waste (MSW) varies greatly from
municipality to municipality (country to country) and changes
significantly with time. In municipalities (countries) which have a well
developed waste recycling culture, the waste stream consists mainly of
intractable wastes such as plastic film, and un-recyclable packaging