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Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects1
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX @ SARJAPUR ROAD, BANGALORE
HVAC DESIGN BRIEF
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects2
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
INDEX OF CONTENTS
SL.NO.
DESCRIPTION
PAGE NUMBER
5.0
HVAC
5.1 GENERAL
3
5.2SCOPE OF HVAC WORKS
4- 5
5.3 DESIGN CRITERIA AND DESCRIPTION
6
5.4 CODES AND STANDARDS
7 9
5.5 HVAC DESIGN CONDITIONS
10
5.6PROJECTED HVAC REQUIREMENT
11
5.7 EQUIPMENT DETAILS
12 25
5.8 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS
26
5.9 ELECTRICAL LOAD LIST
27
5.10HEAT LOAD CALCULATION LIST
28 - 29
5.1 GENERAL
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects3
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
THIS DOCUMENT BRIEFS ON THE HVAC SYSTEM ADOPTED FOR COMMERCIAL
COMPLEX @ SARJAPUR
ROAD, BANGALORE.
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX is a Commercial Complex Development of built up area of approx.
7.67 lakh
Sq.ft. with three Office blocks, Parking, other common areas and utilities. It is proposed to design
the total infrastructure facility for the schedule of areas.
The schedule of areas is as follows.
SL.
NO.
DESCRIPTION
APPROX.
AREA (Sq. ft)
PURPOSE
1
LOWER BASEMENT 2
87,995.0 Car Parking & STP
2
LOWER BASEMENT 1
87,995.0 Car Parking
3
UPPER BASEMENT
87,995.0 Car Parking
4
GROUND FLOOR
1,10,407.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
5
FIRST FLOOR
43,710.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
6
SECOND FLOOR
43,710.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
7
THIRD FLOOR
43,710.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
8
FOURTH FLOOR
43,710.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
9
FIFTH FLOOR
43,710.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
10
SIXTH FLOOR
43,710.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
11
SEVENTH FLOOR
43,710.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
12
EIGHTH FLOOR
43,710.0 Offices, Toilets, Electrical Rooms & Lobby
13
ROOF
43,399.0 HVAC Plant area & Open Terrace
TOTAL AREA
7,67,471.0
NOTE: ABOVE TABULATION SUBJECT TO CHANGE BASED ON REVISION OF ARCHITECT
DRAWINGS
PROJECT DESIGN BRIEF
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX is a Commercial Complex Development of overall carpet area for air
conditioning works out to be 2.93 lakhs Sq. ft. excluding toilets and common areas like staircases
etc.
5.2 SCOPE OF HVAC DESIGN & WORKS
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects4
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
SCOPE OF HVAC DESIGN

Chilled water central plant design consisting of Hybrid combination of Chillers, Pumping
system, Hydronic Pressure maintaining equipments, Chemical dosing system, Condenser ckt
for Heat rejection by Cooling towers and to generate Chilled water which can deliver the
desired Airside Temperature of 23+/- 1 DEG C. on the Low side.
Chilled water & Condenser water pumping design with use of Variable frequency drive for

Secondary chilled water pumps.


Chilled water, Condenser water & Condensate drain piping network with routing.
Space allocation of AHU and CSU Units for all the Floors showing Scheme Drawing of all

usable spaces like OFFICE blocks and etc.


Common area Air Conditioning scheme.
Appropriate Fresh air distribution of to the Office AHUs to maintain Indoor Air quality.
BTU Metering and Tenant Billing system Design for enabling billing for End users based on

actual consumptions.
Forced Ventilation system design for Toilets - 16 ACPH and for Sewage Treatment Plant.
Ductless Ventilation system for Basement floors CAR parking @ 04 ACPH for Normal mode,

08 ACPH for Pollution mode and 30 ACPH for Fire Modes.


Air Pressurization system for escape routes in the Basement levels - Staircase and Lobby.
IBMS system integration of all HVAC Equipments and Control elements.
SCOPE OF HVAC WORKS
The central Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning(HVAC) system shall comprise of following:
a)
HIGH SIDE EQUIPMENT

Design of the equipment based on the data furnished in the document.


Procurement of materials within the battery limits as per the schedule given by Owner /
Project Managers.

Manufacturing as per standards & details furnished in the specifications.


Assembly.
Testing in Shop before delivery.
Inspection.
Insurance up to handing over.
Packing & Forwarding.
Transportation.
Installation at Site as per the schedule given by Owner/ PROJECT MANAGERS.
Submission of method statements for execution.
Commissioning in the presence of specialized agency (manufacturers representative).
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects5
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Performance Guarantee run.
Handing over.
b)
LOW SIDE WORKS

Design of the equipment based on the data furnished in the document.


Procurement of materials within the battery limits as per the schedule given by Owner /
Project Managers.
Manufacturing as per specifications mentioned in the document.
Assembly at Site.
Commissioning.
Testing of all equipment as per the list attached in the document.
Performance Guarantee run.
Handing over.

Supply of various equipment as per the relevant Specification & Drawings, unloading, receiving,
inspection, storing, transportation to work site, handling, assembling, cleaning, mechanical
erection, assisting main contractor in associated civil works which are required for ac system,
Installation, alignment, testing and commissioning and handing over in working condition of all
items covered in the BOQ.
5.3 DESIGN CRITERIA & DESCRIPTION
FRESH AIR
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects6
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
AS PER ASHRAE 62 N
Idealair conditioning equipment should sanities cool, heat, humidify/dehumidify, evenly
distribution air through the area and all; cost effectively.

The world focus has shifted from the environment toInvironment. This is a new terminology,
being used increasingly to focus on the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) and its effect on human health.
While the outdoor environment continues to be of concern, the indoor environment is receiving
increased attention as more information has become available on the presence and effect of
indoor contaminants.
ASHRAE 62-1989 IAQ STANDARD:
"VENTILATION FOR ACCEPTABLE INDOOR AIR QUALITY"
From the above chart it clearly states that 20 cfm / person is the desired rate of fresh air to
maintain good INDOOR AIR QUALITY (IAQ).
DESIGN ASSUMPTIONS
OCCUPANCY
-
80 sqft / person on built up area i.e. as per
Architects area summary sheet
FRESH AIR
-
20 cfm / person
LIGHTING LOAD
-
1.5 watts /sqft
EQUIPMENT LOAD
-
225 watts / Computer set
GLAZING
-
Double Glazing
STP WATER
REQUIRED FOR WATER
COOLED CHILLERS
-
30 KLD of Make-up water
5.4 CODES & STANDARDS
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects7
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Basically Air-conditioning system design shall be done as per latest ASHRAE Standards. Also
other
applicable Standards which shall be considered as guidelines are mentioned as under:-
Ø AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR HEATING, AIR CONDITIONING & REFRIGERATION
ENGINEERS
(ASHRAE)

Ø FRESH AIR AS PER ASHRAE STANDARDS


Ø IS WHERE EVER APPLICABLE
Ø SMACNA STANDARDS FOR SHEET METAL DUCTING
Ø UL STANDARDS FOR FIRE DAMPERS
ØNBC STANDARDS WHERE EVER APPLICABLE
Ø ECBC STANDARDS
The installation shall conform in all respects to ASHRPROJECT MANAGERS / Indian Standard
Code of
Practice for Air conditioning Installation, tender specifications and drawings.

In case of discrepancy among specifications, drawings and other documents, the specifications
take precedence over all other documents. In case of discrepancy between specification,
drawings etc., & Codes & Standards, the tenderer shall assume the more stringent of the two.
CODES & STANDARDS
Air Conditioning Equipment
IS 659
Safety Code for air conditioning
IS 660
Safety Code for mechanical refrigeration
IS 3615
Glossary of terms used in refrigeration & air conditioning
IS 5111
Testing of refrigeration compressors
IS 7896
Data for outside design conditions for air conditioning
IS 10617
Hermetic Compressors (Part-I, II & III)
IS 11338
Thermostats for use in refrigeration, air conditioners etc.
SP 7
National Building Code (Group 4)
IS 3615
Glossary of terms used in refrigeration and air conditioning
IS 7896
Outside design data condition for AC design is for summer months
Noise & Vibration
IS 2264
Preferred frequencies for acoustical measurements.
IS 3483
Code of practice for noise reduction
IS 3932
Sound level meter for general purpose use.
IS 9736
Glossary of terms applicable to acoustics in buildings.
IS 9901
Measurement of sound insulation in buildings & building elements
IS 9876
Guide to the measurement of air borne acoustical noise &
evaluation of its effects on man.
IS 10423
Personal sound exposure meter.
IS 11446
Measurement of air borne noise emitted by compressors units
intended for outdoor use.
IS 12710
Glossary of terms used in acoustic emission testing.
IS 4758
Methods of measurement of noise emitted by machines
IS 14280
Mechanical vibration balancing shaft and fitment key
convention
IS 12065
Permissible limits of noise level for rotating electrical machines.
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects8
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Pipe & Fittings
IS 638
Gaskets
IS 1239
Mild steel tubes & fittings
IS 5822
Code of practice laying of electrically welded steel pipes for
water supply.
Pump & Valves
IS 778
Copper alloy gate, globe & check valves for water works
purposes.
IS 4854
Glossary of terms for valves and their parts.
IS 5312
Swing check type non return valves.
IS 8092
Code for inspection of surface quality of steel castings for valves,
fittings & other piping components.
IS 12969
Method of test for quality characteristic of valves.
IS 13095
Butterfly valves for general purposes.
Refrigerant Gas & Lubricants
IS 1447
Method of sampling and test for lubricants.
IS 4578
Lubricating oils for refrigeration machinery
IS 10609
Refrigerants Number Designation
Sheet Metal Works
IS 277
Galvanized Steel sheet
IS 513
Cold rolled low carbon steel sheets.
Thermal Insulation
IS 334
Glossary of terms relating to bitumen & tar
IS 3069
Glossary of terms, symbols & units relating to thermal insulation
materials
IS 3144
Mineral wool thermal insulation Methods of tests
IS 3346
Method of determination of thermal conductivity of thermal
insulation materials
IS 4671
Expanded polystyrene for thermal insulation purposes
International Standards
SMACNA
HVAC Systems Duct Design
SMACNA
HVAC Air duct leakage test manual
SMACNA
HVAC duct construction standards Metal & flexible
SMACNA
Rectangular duct construction
SMACNA
Round duct construction
SMACNA
Energy conservation guidelines.
SMACNA
Energy recovery equipment and systems, air to air
ANSI-UL-555-1985
Fire dampers
ANSI
Scheme for identification of piping system
SMACNA
HVAC Systems Testing, adjusting & balancing
CTI

Acceptance test code for water cooling towers, mechanical draft, natural draft, fan assistant type
evaluation of results and thermal testing of wet and dry cooling towers as per CTI-ATC-105- 1990
CTI
Code of measurement of sound from cooling towers as per CTI-
ATC-128
ANSI / AMCA
Laboratory methods for testing fans for rating as per ANSI / AMCA
210
UL
Fire dampers as per ANSI-UL-555
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects9
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
ASME
Scheme for identification of piping system as per ANSI / ASME A-
13.1
Drawings, Specifications and deviations

The drawings and specifications lay down minimum standards of equipment and workmanship.
Should the tenderer wish to depart from the provisions of the specifications and drawings either
on account of manufacturing practice or for any other reasons, he should clearly draw attention in
his tender to the proposed points of departures and submit such complete information, Drawings
and specifications will enable the merits of the deviations to be fully appreciated. In the absence
of any such deviation list, it will be deemed that the tenderer is fully satisfied with the intents of
the specifications and the drawings and their compliance with the statutory provisions and local
codes. All deviations or departures not brought out to the notice shall be disregarded.
Units of Measurement

HVAC design documents will generally use inch-Pound (IP) Units. In those instances where both
SI
and IP units are listed, the IP units take precedence of cooling and heating load calculations and
equipment specification. The following listing indicates common application of Units of
Measurement for HVAC Design Documents.
DUCTWORK SIZE
:
Millimetres OR Inches
PIPE SIZE
:
Millimetres OR Inches
AREA
:
Square feet OR Square meters
VELOCITY
:
Feet per minute OR Meter per Second
TEMPERATURE
:
Degrees F OR Degrees C
FAN/DUCT PRESSURE
:
Pascals (Pa) OR Inches of W.C.
PUMP PRESSURE
:
Meters OR Feet of Liquid - Water
AIR FLOW RATE
:
Cubic Feet/Minute - CFM OR Litres/Second - LPS
LIQUID FLOW RATE
:
Gallons/Minute - GPM OR Litres/Second - LPS
5.5 HVAC DESIGN CONDITIONS
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects10
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
INSIDE & OUTSIDE CONDITIONS:
LOCATION:
SITE LOCATION
-
BANGALORE
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION
-
12.58 DEG N
ALTITUDE
-
921 M ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL
The outside and inside conditions for the desired facility shall be designed based on below
mentioned parameters:
INSIDE CONDITIONS:
OFFICE BLOCKS
1) Dry Bulb Temperature
-
23 +/- 1 DEG C.
2) Relative Humidity
-
Less than 60%
The air conditioning system for the Commercial Complex facility shall be designed to cater for the

Comfort cooling application only.


OUTDOOR DESIGN CONDITION:
SUMMER
DRY bulb temp 35.6 DEG C
WET bulb temp 25.6 DEG C
RH-45 %
MONSOONDRY bulb temp 27.8 DEG C
WET bulb temp 25.6 DEG C
RH -82 %
WINTER
DRY bulb temp 14.4 DEG C
WET bulb temp 12.2 DEG C
RH -78 %
5.6 PROJECTED HVAC REQUIREMENT IN TR
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects11
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Sl.No.
Floor
Reference
Description of
Application
Carpet Area
AC (sq ft)Occ upancyTR as per
Heatload
CFM
Fresh Air
Block-A - Office
10,092.9
126
52.86
24,997
2,523
Block-B - Office
9,716.3
121
49.80
23,394
2,429
Block-C - Office
16,043.2
201
81.13
37,952
4,011
Block-A - Office
9,027.6
113
49.48
23,709
2,257
Block-B - Office
8,823.2
110
43.68
20,292
2,206
Block-C - Office
16,043.2
201
82.83
38,999
4,011
Block-A - Office
10,867.6
136
55.61
26,110
2,717
Block-B - Office
8,855.5
111
43.79
20,334
2,214
Block-C - Office
16,710.3
209
85.06
39,870
4,178
Block-A - Office
10,867.6
136
55.61
26,110
2,717
Block-B - Office
8,855.5
111
43.79
20,334
2,214
Block-C - Office
16,710.3
209
85.06
39,870
4,178
Block-A - Office
10,867.6
136
55.61
26,110
2,717
Block-B - Office
8,855.5
111
43.79
20,334
2,214
Block-C - Office
16,710.3
209
85.06
39,870
4,178
Block-A - Office
10,867.6
136
55.61
26,110
2,717
Block-B - Office
8,855.5
111
43.79
20,334
2,214
Block-C - Office
16,710.3
209
85.06
39,870
4,178
Block-A - Office
10,867.6
136
55.61
26,110
2,717
Block-B - Office
8,855.5
111
43.79
20,334
2,214
Block-C - Office
16,710.3
209
85.06
39,870
4,178
Block-A - Office
10,867.6
136
55.61
26,110
2,717
Block-B - Office
8,855.5
111
43.79
20,334
2,214
Block-C - Office
16,710.3
209
85.06
39,870
4,178
9
Eighth Floor
Block-A - Office
5,433.8
68
25.01
11,332
1,358
293,780.6
3,672.26
1,491.52
698,561
73,445
Grand Total
Sixth Floor
7
Seventh Floor
8
Third Floor
5
Fourth Floor
Fifth Floor
6
SUMMARY OF AC TONNAGE LOADS
PURVANKARA COMMERCIAL COMPLEX PROJECT, SARJAPUR ROAD, BANGALORE
Ground Floor
First Floor
Second Floor
1234
The overall AC load estimate works out to be about 1492.0 TR and by applying the diversity, it is
proposed to install1 30 0.0 TR of air conditioning plant.
A centralized air conditioning system is proposed with a hybrid combination of AIR COOLED
SCREW
CHILLERS of 300TR x 3nos. + 200TR x 2nos. WATER COOLED SCREW CHILLERSwith Chilled
& Condenser water Pumping system, Hydronic Pressure maintaining equipments, Chemical
dosing system and Condenser ckt for Heat rejection by Cooling towers.
5.7 EQUIPMENT DETAILS
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects12
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
HVAC SYSTEM PROPOSED

Based on the data furnished in the Design Basis, the air conditioning area for the Building works
out about2 ,93 ,78 0Sq.ft. excluding toilets and common areas like staircases etc. As such, the
capacity of the air conditioning plant required works out to around14 92. 0TR . Applying the
diversity factor of 0.87, it is proposed to install130 0.0 TR of air conditioning plant. A centralized
air conditioning system is planned with a hybrid combination of AIR COOLED SCREW
CHILLERS of 300TR x 3nos. +

200TR x 2nos. WATER COOLED SCREW CHILLERSwith Chilled & Condenser water Pumping
system, Hydronic Pressure maintaining equipments, Chemical dosing system and Condenser ckt
for Heat rejection by Cooling towers.
v The chilled water plant consisting of Water cooled chillers system shall utilize treated water
generated from the STP for make up water requirement.
v The pumping system shall comprise of Primary, Secondary and Condenser water pumps.
v Secondary pumping system shall be with Variable speed pumps with VFD application to
save energy during diversified load.
v The chilled water generated shall be metered by means of BTU METERS.
v The overall make up water required for Water cooled plant of400 TR capacities is around
30 KLD which is fed from the treated STP water.
v The chiller plant shall be placed in the Terrace of the building. The Water cooled chillers
and pumping system shall be housed inside a closed roof.
vThe reason for a combination ofchille rs is as per the loadingp at te rn and difference in DB
(Dry bulb) and WB (WET bulb) is very marginal, Hence chillers without VFD are envisaged.
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

The overall load is generated by Centralized chilled water plant which is housed in the Terrace of
the building. The chilled water generated shall be distributed to each floor by means of variable
speed pumping system.
The centralized chilled water generation plant consists of the following equipments:
CHILLERS

On-going performance verification of chiller capacity and power input is by means of certified
computerized selection output to assure the owner of specified performance in accordance with
the latest version of ARI Standard 550/590 and EUROVENT STANDARDS.

All chillers that fall within the scope of the certification program have an ARI certification label at
no cost to the owner. Equipment covered by the ARI certification program include all water-cooled
centrifugal and screw water chilling packages rated up to 2000 tons (7,000kW) for 60 hertz
service at ARI standard rating conditions, hermetic or open drive, with electric driven motor not
exceeding 5000 volts, and Cooling water (not glycol). For 50 hertz application the capacity range
covered is 200 to 1,000 tons (700 to 3500 kW).
Published certified ratings verified through testing by ARI include:

v· Capacity, tons (kW)


v· Power, kW/ton (COP)
v · Pressure drops, ft. of water (kPa)
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects13
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
v · Integrated Part Load Value (IPLV) or Non-Standard Part Load Value (NPLV)

As part of the ARI certification program, ARI has computer selection program used to select and
rate chillers. The certified computer program version number and issue date for all manufacturers
is listed in the ARI Directory of Certified Applied Air-Conditioning Products available
onwww.ari.org. ARI Standard 550/590-98 for Centrifugal or Screw Water - Chilling Packages and
associated manuals define certification and testing procedures and tolerances of all units that fall
within the application rating conditions.
DESIGN PARAMETERS FOR CHILLER SELECTION
The standard rating conditions are:

Leaving chilled water temperature... ... .....................44°F


Evaporator waterside field fouling allowance... .........0.0001
Chilled water flow rate... ................ .........................2.4 gpm/ton
Entering condenser water temperature... ..................85°F
Condenser waterside field fouling allowance.............0.00025 (for Water cooled chillers)
Condenser water flow rate.....................................3.0 gpm/ton (for Water cooled chillers)
Air cooled screw chiller
Air cooled screw chillers, which are largely used in the comfort cooling industry, the chiller

package shall consist of compressor-motor units, condenser coils, condenser fans, chiller,
receiver, refrigerant piping & fittings, refrigerant feeding devices, valves, strainer, liquid moisture
indicator, suction line insulation, first charge of oil & gas, starter panel & Micro-processor panel
etc., all the components being mounted on welded steel base frame; the base frame, structural
profiles & panels made of galvanized sheet steel (GSS) shall be protected with primary coating &
finished with acrylic paint. The Chillers shall be suitable for outdoor installation; in other words, no
weather protection of any kind by way of wall or roof is contemplated. The starter panel shall be
suitable for outdoor application & shall confirm IP - 55 grade of protection. The panel shall
incorporate main disconnect switches & fuses for individual motors, contactors, over load relays,
single phase preventers, under/ over voltage trip, on/off push buttons, auto manual switches to
facilitate automatic operation through DDC System or for manual operation to facility for remote
starting & stopping of chiller packages, auxiliary contactors, etc. if any required.
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects14
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Water cooled screw chiller
Water cooled screw chillers, which are also largely used in the comfort cooling industry, the unit

shall be completely factory assembled and wired in a single package complete with screw
compressor(s), cooler, condenser, starting control, safety and operating controls, refrigerant
piping & fittings, refrigerant feeding devices, valves, strainer, liquid moisture indicator, suction line
insulation, first charge of oil & gas, starter panel & Micro-processor panel etc,. The unit shall be
constructed from heavy gauge galvanized steel and steel "C" channel with built-in skid and lifting
holes.
Evaporator

Evaporator shall be direct expansion, shell and tube type. The shell is fabricated from seamless
carbon steel pipe, with finned copper tubes and tube sheets of heavy gauge carbon steel. The
cooler shall be insulated with closed cell foamed rubber insulation.
Condensers

Condensers shall be shell and tube type and the condensers shall have removable heads on both
ends for tube cleaning and servicing. The condensers shall be leak tested at working pressure
and include relief valves and purge valves.
Compressor

The overall compressor design shall include a suction cooled motor, integral lubrication system
utilizing compressor pressure differential and semi-hermetic design. The casing is to be
constructed from a high strength iron casting. An electric crankcase oil heater shall be provided to
maintain the proper oil temperature when the system is not in operation.
COOLING TOWER SYSTEM
INDUCED DRAFT CROSS FLOW TYPE COOLING TOWERS WITH LOW NOISE AND CTI
APPROVED
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects15
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
DESIGN CRITERIA
Cooling tower thermal performance shall be certified by the Cooling Tower Institute in accordance
with CTI Certification Standards STD-201 label at no cost to the owner.

The cooling towers shall be of Cross flow, Induced-draft vertical discharge type, in rectangular
single or multi-cell configuration complete with Motor, Fan, Hand rails, Ladder and other
accessories etc. and designed with high efficiency drift eliminators to meet current environmental
standards and guidelines for microbial control. It should be possible to hook up to BMS. The
distribution system shall be gravity-feed type fitted with removable target nozzle to ensure equal
water distribution over the fills. Drift eliminators shall be efficient enough to effectively limit drift
loss to no more than 0.005% of the designed flow rate.
Storage capacity that needs to be planned for make up water should be at least one day
consumption.
PUMPING SYSTEM
Pump
The chilled water generated by the chiller plant shall be pumped to the respective floor AHUs
units
and load cells by means of secondary pumping system.

The Chilled Water Pump Sets shall be back-pull out design fitted with variable frequency drive
(VFD) for Secondary system. The pump shall be complete with ribbed cast iron casing, double
shrouded single entry radial flow bronze impeller, mechanical seal, bearing bracket incorporating
2 nos. roller bearings, shaft, longer coupling, coupling guard, flanged connections for discharge
and suction, purge /air vent/test cocks, etc
Regulatory requirements of Pumps

§Conform to Health/Life Safety Code for Public Schools


§ Conform to International Mechanical Code
§ Conform to BOCA National Building Code
§ Conform to BOCA National Fire Protection Code
§ Conform to State of Illinois Plumbing Code
§ Conform to National Electric Code NFPA 70
§ Conform to Illinois Accessibility Code
§ Conform to applicable ANSI/HI standards
§Products: Listed and classified by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. as suitable for the
purpose specified and indicated.
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects16
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
The power ratings of the pump motor shall be larger of the following:
Ø The maximum power required by the pump from zero discharge to zero head.
Ø 110% of the power required at the duty point.
Pumps of a particular category shall be identical and shall be suitable for parallel operation with
equal load division. Components of identical pumps shall be interchangeable.
Pump Logic Controller (should be fully compatible to hook up to BMS / Chiller Plant Management
System)
ØThe technologic pump logic controller assembly shall be listed by and bear the label of
Underwriters Laboratory, Inc. (UL)
ØThe Equipment should be able to hook up to chiller plant management system (BMS) via
software integration either in ASHRAE Backnet / RTU Modbus Protocol. Necessary
hardware / software for integration should be part of scope.
Ø The controller shall be specifically designed for variable speed pumping applications.
ØThe controller shall function to proven program that safeguards against damaging
hydraulic conditions including:

Pump flow surges


Hunting
End of curve
System over pressure
Ø The pump logic controller shall be capable of receiving up to two discrete analog inputs

from zone sensor / transmitter as indicated on the plans. It will then select he analogue signal that
has deviated the greatest amount from its set point. This selected signal will used as the
command feedback input for a hydraulic stabilization function to minimize hunting. Each input
signal shall be capable of maintaining a different set point value. Controller shall be capable of
controlling up to three pumps in parallel.
Ø The pump logic controller shall be capable of accepting an additional analog input for a
flow sensor. This input shall serve as the criteria for the end of curve protection
algorithm.
ØThe pump logic controller shall be self-prompting. All messages shall be displayed in
plain English. The operator interface shall have the following features:

a) Multi-fault memory and recall last 10 faults and related operational data.
b) Red fault light, yellow warning light and Green power on light.
c) Soft-touch membrane keypad switches.
ØThe pump logic controller shall be of a high end type i.e., all the parameters available
on the logic control panel should be able to monitor / controlled from the remote
location and should housed in a NEMA 1 Enclosure.
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects17
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
The display shall have four lines, with 20 characters on three lines and eight large characters on
one
line. Actual pump information shall be displayed indicating pump status.
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE ENABLED SECONDARY PUMPS have been adopted forPR
OPOSED
COMMERCIAL COMPLEX FOR RAMKY.
Secondary pumping would enable Substantial energy savings due to partial load profile during off
peak hours.
Adjustable Frequency Drive
ØThe adjustable frequency drives shall be pulse width modulation (PWM) type,
microprocessor controlled design.
ØVFD Shall is Danfoss VLT 6000 Series / ABB ACH 550 Series only.
ØThe AFD, including all factory-installed options, be tested to UL standard 508. The AFD
also meets C-UL and is CE marked and builds to ISO 9001 standards.
Ø The AFD shall be housed in a NEMA 1 enclosure. AFF with plastic enclosure shall not be
acceptable.
ØThe AFD shall employ an advanced sine wave approximation and voltage vector control to

allow operation at rated motor shaft output speed with no derating. This voltage vector control
shall minimize harmonics to the motor to increase motor efficiency and life. Power factor shall be
near unity regardless of speed or load.
Ø The VFD shall have balanced DC link reactors to minimize power line harmonics. VFDs
without a DC link reactor shall provide a 3 % impedance line reactor.
Ø Input and output power circuit switching can be done without interlocks or damage to the
VFD.
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects18
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
BASEMENT DUCTLESS VENTILATION SYSTEM
Car Park Ventilation System for Upper Basement, Lower Basement 1 and 2
Height
(m)
Area
(m2)
Volume
(m3)
Upper Basement
3.9
6,783
26,454
Lower Basement 1
3.1
6,894
21,372
Lower Basement 2
2.9
7,283
21,120
Car park details

The car parking comprises of three Basement Floor cars parking with entrance & exit openings.
The fresh air coming from the ramps of the Lower Ground level to the Upper Basement is
sufficient.
Incase of Lower Basement 1 and 2 the fresh air from the ramps are not sufficient and hence
supply
air fans are required for lower basements 1 and lower basement 2.
The Car Park system if designed for 04 for Normal mode, 08 ACPH for Pollution mode and 30
ACPH
for Emergency mode.
Upper Basement (Air Changes per Hour - ACPH):
Normal Mode
: 4 (ACPH) X 26,454 / 1.7
= 62,250 CFM
Pollution mode
: 8 (ACPH) x 26,454 / 1.7
= 1,24,500 CFM
Fire mode
: 30 (ACPH) x 26,454 / 1.7
= 4,66,830 CFM
Lower Basement 1 (Air Changes Per Hour - ACPH):
Normal Mode
: 4 (ACPH) X 21,372 / 1.7
= 50,285 CFM
Pollution mode
: 8 (ACPH) x 21,372 / 1.7
= 1,00,570 CFM
Fire mode
: 30 (ACPH) x 21,372 / 1.7 = 3,77,145 CFM
Lower Basement 2 (Air Changes Per Hour - ACPH):
Normal Mode
: 4 (ACPH) X 21,120 / 1.7
= 49,700 CFM
Pollution mode
: 8 (ACPH) x 21,120 / 1.7
= 99,400 CFM
Fire mode
: 30 (ACPH) x 21,120 / 1.7 = 3,72,720 CFM
Since the car park is envisaged to have a common extract shaft, we have considered the
following.
Extract Fan Selections for Upper Basement, Lower Basement 1 and 2:

We have taken a DIVERSITY FACTOR that fire will happen in Single basement only. Hence, the
system is designed for Emergency mode in the Largest Basements i.e. 30 ACPH (1st Basement)
- 4,66,830 CFM which also ensures 8 ACPH during Normal mode in all 3 basements.
No. of Extract shaft
: 4 No.
No. of Fans in each shaft
: 3 Nos
Total No. of Extract Fans
: 4 x 3 = 12 Nos.
Capacity of each Extract fan
: 4,66,830 / 12 = 39,000 CFM @ 25 mm WC.
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects19
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Each Extract Fan Shaft Size
: 6 X 2 Metres.
For Lower Basement 1:
No. of Supply shaft
: 2 Nos.
No. of Supply Fans / Shaft
: 2 Nos.
Total No. of Supply Fans
: 2 x 2 = 4 Nos
Capacity of Supply fan
: 20,000 CFM 25 mm WC.
Supply Fan Shaft Cut Out Size

: 3.25 X 2 Metres.
For Lower Basement 2:
No. of Supply shaft
: 2 Nos.
No. of Supply Fans / Shaft
: 2 Nos.
Total No. of Supply Fans
: 2 x 2 = 4 Nos
Capacity of Supply fan
: 20,000 CFM 25 mm WC.
Supply Fan Shaft Cut Out Size
: 3.25 X 2 Metres.
Jet Fan and Extract Fan System Description:
PPM Level
ACPH
Jet Fan
Total No. of Extract Fans 12 Nos.
0-25 ppm
4
Off
4 Fans will operate
Ø 25 ppm
8
Low Speed
8 Fans will operate
Emergency Mode
30
High Speed
All 12 Fans will operate
0-25 ppm: When the CO level in the car park is between 0-25 ppm the Jet Fan are in the Off
mode,
4 Nos. of Extract fans will be running to achieve 4 ACPH in all 3 Basements.
> 25 ppm:When the CO level in the car park is greater than 25 ppm the Jet Fans will be operated
at Low speed and 8 Nos. of extract fans will be running to achieve 8 ACPH in all 3 Basements.
Emergency mode:During the emergency mode the Jet Fans will be operated at full speed,
12 Nos. of extract fans will be running to achieve 30 ACPH in the Basement where smoke is to be
removed quickly.
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects20
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Extract Fan Selections for Parking Upper Basement, Lower Basement 1 and 2:
Note: The Extract Fans are designed for 300 Degree C for one hour
BEFORE CFD ANALYSIS
AFTER CFD ANALYSIS AND JETFAN
POSITIONING
Our Ref: TAP/CP/B/2007/ 098
Dt: 06 / 10 / 2007
Units
Specifications
Qty.
Nos
12
Duty Volume
CFM
39,000
Static Pressure
mmWC
25
Selected Model
HT 125 JM / 40 /6 / 9 / 25
Blower Type
Axial Fan
Fan Diameter
mm
1250
No of Blades
9
Fan Casing
Long
Absorbed Shaft Power
KW
10.74
Shaft RPM
RPM
960
Recommended High Temperature Motor Single Speed
KW
15 KW / 6pole
Sound Level @ 3 Metres
Dba
76
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects21
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Supply Fan Selections Lower Basement 1:
Note: the Supply fans are designed for 50 Degree C
Units
Specifications
Qty.
Nos
2
Duty Volume
CFM
20,000
Static Pressure
mmWC
25
Selected Model
100JM / 40 / 6 / 9 / 32
Blower Type
Axial Fan
Fan Diameter
mm
1000
No of Blades
9
Fan Casing
Long
Absorbed Shaft Power
KW
5.61
Shaft RPM
RPM
960
Recommended Motor Single Speed
KW
7.5 KW / 6 Pole
Sound Level @ 3 Metres
Dba
71
Sound Level after Silencer
Dba
60
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects22
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
Supply Fan Selections Lower Basement 2:
Units
Specifications
Qty.
Nos
2
Duty Volume
CFM
20,000
Static Pressure
mmWC
25
Selected Model
100JM / 40 / 6 / 9 / 32
Blower Type
Axial Fan
Fan Diameter
mm
1000
No of Blades
9
Fan Casing
Long
Absorbed Shaft Power
KW
5.61
Shaft RPM
RPM
960
Recommended Motor Single Speed
KW
7.5 KW / 6 Pole
Sound Level @ 3 Metres
Dba
71
Sound Level after Silencer
Dba
60
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects23
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
SPECIFICATIONS FOR JET FANS
Technical Data / Technical specifications of the JET THRUST FAN UNIT offered
Qty required : Upper Basement+Lower Basement 1+Lower Basement 2 =23+23+24 = 70 Nos.
Jet fans are with silencers & mounting assembly
JETFAN
Sound level is measured at 1.5-meter distance in reference value in parking areas
Note: The jet fans are designed for 300 Degree C for one hour
Overall system description:
·
The vehicle entrance & exit ramps shall be utilized as the main source of fresh air into the car
park for First Basement.
·

It is proposed the extract points are located as shown on the marked drawing enclosed to you in
separate mail. The location of these extract points have been chosen to ensure the best
distribution of the inlet airflow as possible and suitability for a system comprising of Jet Fan units
as per the geometry of the Car Parking Area.
No. Description
Unit
Technical details
1 Nozzle Dia
Mm
350 mm
2 Air Flow
M3/sec
0.9/1.8 m3/sec @ 4 / 2 Pole
3 Capacity of Fan
Cfm
1905 / 3810 Cfm
4 Tip Velocity
m/s
16
5 Phase
Ph
3
6 Voltage
V
420
7 Frequency
Hz
50
8 Revolution
RPM
1420 /2840RPM
9 Ampere
A
0.63 / 2.38 @ 4 / 2 Pole
10 Sound Level
dB (A)
53 / 65 @ 4 / 2 Pole
11 Weight
Kg
80
12 Power Consumption
KW
0.1 KW / 1.0 KW @ 4 / 2 Pole
13 Rated Motor Power
Kw
0.14 KW / 1.1 KW @ 4 / 2 Pole
14 Depth of Unit
Mm
455 mm
15 Thrust
Nm
8/32
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects24
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
·
Extract grilles would be located at high level.
·
In case of main power failure the Extract Fans shall be provided with alternate source of power.
·

All of the fans will be controlled via PLC based control panel separately for each Basement. The
logic shall be arrived separately for pollution mode and emergency mode separately. An interlink
will need to be provided to allow communication between panels and also the BMS.
·

For the Pollution mode it is proposed that the extract fans in all Basements Floor are operated to
provide 8 ACPH. It is suggested that a Carbon Monoxide (CO) detection system is provided to
control the background ventilation rate depending on car park usage and detected levels of CO.
Details of a suitable detection head for this application can be provided if required. The type of
detector that would be recommended is an analogue type detector with a 4-20mA signal. This will
allow for detection of varying levels of CO, typically in the ranges 0-30, 30-50, >50 PPM where
the frequency of supply to the main fans can be adjusted accordingly via the main control panel.
·
Jet Fan units would be installed at ceiling level and positioned accordingly within the car park to
provide the best distribution of the inlet air flow as possible.
·

The final installed locations of the Jet fans and mode of operation of these fans would be
determined at the time of the detailed design in which techniques of Computational Fluid
Dynamics (CFD) will be used to model the air movement with the car park. A more detailed
description of the CFD to be carried out can be provided upon request.
Control equipment:

(8+8+8) 24 Nos. for basement floor On / off type carbon monoxide (CO) detection. With CO
detection in place the ventilation system would run on demand during peak periods when there is
highest car park activity. The benefit of this over the conventional approach is ventilating all the
time at 6 ACPH will be seen in reduced operating costs and noise levels.
Incoming electrical supply
·
Dual Incomer
CO GAS DETECTOR
KEY ELEMENTS OF DESIGN IN VIEW TO ACHIVE ENERGY SAVINGS:

Ø System with combination of Air cooled and Water cooled screw chillers.
Ø Chillers with R-134a Eco-friendly Refrigerant gas.
Ø Variable speed Pumping to save energy during diversified loads of Offices.
ØUse of IBMS system to run the system efficiently by close monitoring and trends.
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects25
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
ENERGY CONSERVATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN
ØWITH THE INCREASE IN DEMAND OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION, I.E ELECTRICITY, THE
AVAILABILTY OF POWER BECOMES A MAJOR CONCERN.
ØSINCE THE CONSUMPTION OF POWER IS DIRECTLY RELATED TO GENERATION USING
FOSSIL
FUELS, ITS EVIDENT THAT IT IS HARMFUL TO THE ENVIRONMENT.
ØHENCE THE DESIGN ADOPTED FOR THIS COMMERCIAL COMPLEX IS IN VIEW OF NOT
ONLY
ATTAINING MAXIMUM DEMAND POWER FOR HVAC TO BE ECONOMISED, BUT ALSO TO
HAVE
ENERGY EFFICIENT SYSTEM.
APPROVED MAKES OF MATERIALS
AIR / WATER COOLED CHILLERS
COOLING TOWERS
AHUS / CSUS / FCUS TFAS
PRIMARY & CONDENSER WATER

PUMPS
SECONDARY PUMPS
CLOSED LOOP EXPANSION TANK
AIR SEPERATOR / AUTO AIRVENT
MS PIPE
BUTTERFLY VALVES
PRESSURE INDEPENDENT BALANCING

CUM CONTROL VALVES


Y STRAINER / SUCTION GUIDE
NON RETURN VALVE

PPRESSURE GAUGE & THERMOMETER


RPUF INSULATION
INLINE FANS
GI SHEET
GRILLES & DIFFUSERS / VCD / FIRE
DAMPER
CLOSED CELL NITRILE RUBBER
INSULATION
Project: Commercial Complex @ Bangalore
HVAC Design Brief
Architects26
Entask Consultancy Services (P) Ltd.
5.8 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS
HEAT LOAD SUMMARY
The overall AC load estimate works out to be about 1492.0 TR and by applying the diversity, it is
proposed to install1 30 0.0 TR of air conditioning plant.
HVAC Handbook - HVAC Design Brief

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