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No. 580,925. -
' Patented Apr. 20, 1897.
1 W
(No Model.) - v I I 3' Sheets-Sheets.
J.
FIREARM.
_No. 580,925. Patented Apr. 20-, 181917.
(No Model.) 3 Sheats8heet 3.
1.7M. BROWNING.
FIREARM.
N0. 580,92 Patented Apr. 20, 1897.
Mb n/.
lnvenfor;
UNITED 'i'STATEs] PATENT, OFFICE.
-...iouN M. BROWNING, or OGDEN, 'U'lAI'l.
FIREARM
srncrrros'rron forming part of Letters Patent No. scopes, dated spruce, 1897'.
I ' Application ?led October 31, I896. Serial Ho. 610,658._ (No model.) ' v

.To all w/to'm it. magi cancer/1,.- 7 ~ - - In another application, concurrently


Be it known th'atLlOHN M. BROWNING, re herewith and serially numbered. 610,657and \
siding-in Ogden, in the county of Weber, State to which this application is. subordinate, I
cf Utah, have invented certain new and use; have sought to cover, broadly, a ?rearm pro
ful Improvements in Firearms, of which the vided with almovable breech block' or bolt
following is a speci?cation, reference being carrier and a barrel having a synchronous
had to the accompanying drawings; fdrming double movement- for the purposexof locking
a part hereof._ - and unlocking the breech block or-bolt car
,. This in ventlon relates generally to. the class. rierJ and in the particular construction there
.of. automatic breech-loading ?rearms, and in shown and described as an embodiment of
more especially to ?rearms of this description the-invention the secondary movement of
in which the several operations, such as the the barrel, is a bodily movement toward and
nnlockingand opening, of the breech after. from the frame upon which the barrel is sup;
?ring a. shot, the ejection of the empty car~ ported. 1 .. r ' .

' tridge-shell, the cooking of the hammer, the In the present application Ihave shown and
presentation and introdu'ction'of a'fFei-h car described a, particular construction-which
Lridge tothe chamber of the barrel, and the. likewise embodies the broad invention re
closing and lockingof the breech, are auto ferred to, but in which the secondary move 10
inaticallyelfected by or through the energy ment of the barrel is a partial rotation. ' ' =
20 oflthe recoil of the breech block or bolt car The other features'of the ?rearm, which I
rier or that part which at the time of ?ring shall explain hereinafter,-have been-devised
the shot closes the breech or rear end or car- with especial- reference, therefore, to their use
tridge-chamber of the barrel andof the in conjunction with a barrel which has'a lim 75
parts connected therewith after each dis. ited longitudinal movement and a simultane
25 charge. ' x ' ous limited rotary movement uponits own,
The object which I have" had r'particnlarlyj ' axis, but it will'b'e understood,howcver, that
' in view 'hasbeen- the production'vof a-?rearm such other featuresof the_?_rearm are not of
of this description-which shoiild beeompact', necessity limited to their vuse 'in a ?rearm
well-balanced, comparatively simple and in provided with a barrel having such a move
.30 expensive in construction, and providedlwith ment as that to whichl hiavereferred nor to '
means whereb7 the breech-bolt may-be locked of any particular class or descrip- '
positively to. the rear end of the barrel at the l-tion. .' " '
time of firing; I have sought also to provide In the ?rearm-which. Ihave described here 85
means to prevent the release of the hammer ~ in after the breech blocker bolt carrier slides _ ,
35 unm the breech is fully closed andall parts. to and fro, being impelled in onejdirection
4 are locked in proper position for the discharge" by the energy 6f the recoil andjin; the other ' -
of the-cartridge andto provide improved .direction by the Ireactim
:ineans to prevent the 'releaseof the hammer movemcn ts it extracts nd. ejects - the'empty
after each single discharge until the trigger shell, moves thev hammer _to the full-cock po.
95
sition, and introduces a- fresh cartridge into
has
"Inbeen
reducing
released
the-invention
and is again.tooperated.
practice the
~ the chamber of the barrel. _ The breech block '
barrel of the lirearmis caused to have a syn or bolt. ea rifle r operates through other dew ices
chronous double movcment->--that is to say, a .-to prevent the release of the hammer/until
niovement in thedircciion of itslcngth and si the breech is fully closed, and the lock mech
multaneously there with another movemcnt~ anism isso constructed and so arrangeda'sf
the cifectof this double movement being to to prevent the disengagement of the sear from
lock or .to unlock the. brccchblocl'c orbo'lt car the hammer- after the hammer .has been
rier and at the same timeto permit the bar brought automatically to the f [Ill-096k posi we
'rel to move to a=limited extent with the breech tioniintil the trigger isireleased and is again
' block or boltcarrier, so as to permit the gases operated, thereby preventing the discharge ,
'- of explosion to have their full effect upon the of two or more cartridges at each' single 9p
projectile before the breech is opened; ' - eration of the trigger_,-\_vhich would otherwise
- 580,925

inevitably occur by reason of the swiftnes's; form ears (1", Figs. 8 and-9, which engage the
_ of the auton tic operation of the ?rearm. rim or flange of the topmost cartridge to pre
For the p '_rpose,of enabling the nature of vent the escape of the same from the holder,
my inventiomto be fully understood I have except when it is pushed forward, 'as herein-
illustrated the same in'the accompanying afterdesoribed; _ ' . - . .. ~

drawinggas embodied in a breech-loading? . -'A'bove the grip and trigger-guard the frame -
automatic magazine-pistol, l and with. 1refer-_ is forined as: a tubular body -a',,_which pro-1
ence to such a ?rearm I will hereinafter ex-ji vides a seat for the breech block orbolt car
, plainin detail the several features of- my in? 'rier'c, in'pwhich~ the latter is guided in-its rte-
10 yentlon, although it is to be understood that ciprocation, audit is. extended forward to a
the invention is not to be limited thereby to pointyne'ar the vmuzzle of the barrel. The
the precise construction, arrangement, and latter is connected to, the frame at the for
relation of parts which I-have represented. . ward end of the tubular extension and in
I 'lnithe drawings, Figure 1 is- a left-hand such a manner as to be capable of a limited
Is side elevation of a pistol of the class-referred double movementhor, "more specifically, of a
to which ,is constructed in accordancewith movement in thedirection of its length and
my invention. Figs. v2 and 3are'respectively of a. transverse for partial rotary movement.
front and rear end vviewsof the same, Fig; 3 The "barrel does notpres't directly upon the
y . being partly broken away. ' Fig. 4 is a vertical frame, but is entered within the tubular
so. longitudinal section of the same on a central breech block or bolt carrier 0, which slides to
plane; but. with the breech blockor bolt car and fro within the tubular extension of the
rier'and some otherparts in elevation, the. frame- and about the barrel, the breech block
breech block or bolt carrier being represented or bolt-carrier and barrel being on tcred to
in its closed position in'both Figs. 1 and 4. gether in the framefrom the 'front end. As
Figs. 5 and 6 are'sectio'ns on the plane-indi a means of connection between the barrel and
cated by the line at a: of Fig. 4, looking rear the frame to permit of the desired movement
ward, showing the parts in different posi of the former I prefer the construction which
tions. '_ Fig. 7 is'a' longitudinal section on a I have shown in 'the drawings, Figs. 2, 4, 7,
horizontal plane with the barrel in plan view. . ail-d8, and which comprises a collar b, which
Fig. 8 is'a view-generally similar to Fig. 4, is secured to the forward end of the barrel
but with the breech block or bolt carrier also 1), while a-rbushing a5 is secured to the for
in vertical longitudinal section and in its ex ward end of the tubular extension a2 of the
treme 'rearwz'trd or open position, the sear frame a. I An external shoulder 112 on the col
__latch_being shown in the position which it ..lar. b and an internal shoulder a in the bush
35. assumes when pressed by the hand of the op .ing a5 limit the rearward movement of the
erator in grasping the pistol and inwhich it barrel b withirespect to the frame a. Cam
will permit the movement of the soar to _re-.' 'pinsi-ba, projecting from the collar 1), enter
lease the hammer, the trigger itself being obliquely-disposed cam grooves or slots 'a. in
shown inits forward position. Figs-9,10, and the bushing zr", so that as the barrel moves
rearward it receives at the same ti me'a. partial
46. 11 aredetail-views of parts .to be referred toll rotation ,
The ?rearm which is, illustrated in the througli'vthc cooperation ofthe said
drawings and embodies .my invention com cam-pins and the cam-grooves. Fora short
prises a frame a, a barrel 1;, which has a lim_ distance rearward from their forward ends
. ited doublemovemcnt, and a breech block thecam-grooi-esare preferably made straight
or bolt carrier 0, which is caused to slide'to or parallel vwith the axis of the barrel, so that'
and. fro by the: energy of the recoil when a vthe barrel moves rearward _,'for a short dis
shot is ?red and by a reaction-sprin g in which . tance before it begins to turn, the object of
energy is stored by the recoil. , The rear por-' this being, as will appear, more clearly here
tion of the frame crconstitutes the receiver, inafter, to retard the unlocking of the breech
.50 and below the receiver. is the- grip or handle somewhat, so. that the powder-gases shall
_ _a',whiclr is preferably made integraliwith ' have their fullv effect.'upon' the projectile be7
therframe, but obviously may bcforined sepa fore the breech isopened. .7 ~ . ' >
rately and attached thereto in'anysu'itable 'lfhc breech block or bolt'carrier e com
manner. 'it-hin the grip and extending up prises the- brcech-bolt c, whichj?ts in the
ward into the receiver-is arranged a seat or -rear part of the tubular portion'or casing'a
55' chamber for the reception of the cartridge of the frame, and a forward cylindrical ex
mag'nz'ine or holder (1-, which may be made in tension c, which moves freely and is guided
any usual or suitablemanncr,~beingin effect within the casing a."l and-is bored out longi
tudinall'y'for the reception of the barrel b,
a-slleetE-mctal tube _?in which the "cartridges being
60 are laid-one upon another u ponja spring-fob of such length that it occupies the eas
lower?l?fby which they are pressed upward ing a? to within ashort distance of its front
toward the receiver. 'end. , The extension_ 0 is adapted to be en;
The holder is conveniently retained in gaged by thcbarrel to ~ lock the breechlbolt
place within the gri-pby' a spring-actuated _'c{ in its closed position, and is also adapted
is latch (12, and its upper end is'open to permit _.1'.c be engaged by the reaction-spring e, which
,. the. escape of the cartridges, the side wallsat is a coiled spring received between the barrel
the roar of the opening being turned in to and the tubular extension~ c, the bore of the
580,925 3
latter being of such a diameter as to form a whereby the barrel and the breech block or
space to receive it. bolt carrier are again locked together.
The front end of the spring 6 rests against It will be understood that the portions of
the bushing 05, secured in the forward end of the cam grooves or slots a7 which are par
the said extension 02 and through which the allel with the axis of the barrel permit the
barrel slides freely, while its rear end rests latter to move rearwardly for a short distance
against the collar b, loosely mounted on the with the breech block or bolt carrier before
rear portion of the barrel 1). Energy is stored the breech is unlocked, thereby delaying the
in the spring 6 by the recoil of the breech opening of the breech until the powder-gases
block or bolt carrier, and its reaction effects 75
have had their full effect upon the projectile.
the forward or closing movement of the Forward of the breech-bolt c the breech
breech block or bolt carrier and the barrel. block or bolt carrier is provided in its upper
A shoulder c0 is formed on the breech-bolt c side with an opening on, Figs. 4, 5, 6, and 8,
by reducing its diameter to cooperate with a through which the empty shell maybe ejected.
collar as at the rear end of the casing c2, Figs. A block can is secured to the frame a in front
4, 7, and S, and thereby limit the rearward of the corresponding opening a1? and enters
movement of the breech block or bolt carrier the opening 0. (Shown in Figs. 4 and 8.) Its
and prevent positively its ?ying farther back. forward end forms an abutment for the collar
The collar is cut away, as at a", to accommo b4, Figs. 4: and 8, which supports the rear end of 85
date a spline 07, formed on the breech-bolt c, the reaction-spring e, and a screw (L13 projects
by which means the breech-bolt is kept from through the framefrom the under side in line
turning upon its axis as it moves to and fro. with the end of the block a to form also an
The extremity of the breech-bolt is threaded abutment for the collar b4, so that the rear end
to receive a knob 08, which limits the forward of the reaction-spring e, which rests against
movement of the breech block or bolt carrier the collar 54, isin effect supported by the frame
and can also be conveniently grasped by the Ct. The screw (L13 projects through an open
?ngers, so that the breech block or bolt car ing 012 in the under side of the breech block
rier can be drawn rearward for the ?rst op or bolt carrier 0, which is widened at its rear
eration of the pistol. / end to form a square shoulder e13 on one side. 95
In front of the breech-bolt c and within the (See Fig. 4.) '
bore of the breech block or bolt carrier (see A piece or block b7 is secured to the barrel '
Figs. 5, 6, '7, and 8) are provided one or more Z) to move therewith and is adapted to slide
' annular projections 09, from which segments in the opening 012, partaking both of the ro
are removed, as at 01 , and on the barrel, near tary and of the longitudinal movements of I00
v. its breech, are corresponding annular projec the barrel. lVhen the barrel is in its extreme
tions or ribs 115, from which segments are also forward position with its breech end against
removed, as at 66. The projections b5 on the the face of the breech-bolt c, the front end
barrel are adapted to move longitudinally of the block b7 is on a line with the shoulder
through the openings 010 in the ribs 09 and to 013, so that the barrel may be rotated to per
v enter the grooves in the rear of the ribs 09 mit its sectional ribs or projections b5tointer 105
when the barrel is partially rotated. As al lock with the corresponding sectional ribs or
ready described, the barrel moves rearwardly projections c9 of the breech block or bolt car
for a short distance with the breech block or rier and so to lock the barrel and the breech
bolt carrier when the latter begins its rear block or bolt carrier together, the block bT
ward movement, and during the latter part moving laterally into the wide part of the
of its longitudial movement the barrel re opening 6-12 in rear of the shoulder (:13. In
ceives a partial rotation through the engage order that the barrel may be unlocked from
ment of the cam-pins b? with the cam-slots a7 the breech block or bolt carrier, it must be
in the bushing a5. rotated in the opposite direction until the
NVhen the barrel and the breech block or block b7 clears'the shoulder 013. If the breech 115
bolt carrier are in their extreme forward p0-_ block or bolt carrier is then moved rearwardly
sitions, the projections 115 are in engagement while the barrel is prevented from moving
with the projections c9 of the breech block or with it, the block b7 will slide in the forward
bolt carrier, as shown in Figs. 5 and 7, there~ narrow part of the opening 012 along the
by locking the barrel and the breech block straight part of the side forward of the shoul
or bolt carrier together, but when the rear der e13, preventing rotation of the barrel un
ward movement begins and the barrel is par til the return or closing movement of the
tially rotated, the breech block or bolt car breech block or bolt carrier again brings the
rier is disengaged from the barrel b, as shown shoulder 013 into line with the front end of the I25
in Figs. 6 and 8, and by reason of its momen block 0".
tum continues its rearward movement, while The cartridges are held from escaping ver
the barrel is brought to rest. During the tically from the magazine or holder at by the
last of the forward movement of the breech cars (is, but they are pressed upward by the
block orbolt carrier the barrel is moved for follower d, so that as the breech-bolt 0 passes
ward with it and at the same time receives to the rear of the magazine or holder the ?an ge,
a partial rotation in the opposite direction, of the uppermost cartridge is projected up
.1 580,925

ward between the ears d3 into the path of the when the pistol is grasped and held in the
breech-bolt, and on the forward or closing proper position for ?ring the latch 0 will be
movement of the latter the cartridge, which moved so as to release the sear, as shown in
is then in an inclined position with the bullet Fig. 8, which represents the several parts in
directed toward the open breech of the bar the positions which they occupy after the latch
- rel, is thrust forward by the breech-bolt intohas been moved and before the trigger is
the chamber of the barrel. The lower side pulled. The trigger n is pivoted in the eas
of the breech-bolt is grooved to travel freely ing or frame in front of the grip a, and be
over the upper end of the magazine or holder tween the trigger and the sear is a connect
IO d, so that the uppermost cartridge can be ing-piece a, Figs. 4, 8, and 10, which serves
thereby brought sufficiently near the axis of to transmit the rearward movement of the
the barrel to be inserted into its chamber, as trigger to the sear m.
already described. The front end of the connecting-piece is
As referred to above, an opening a is supported upon a shoulder of the trigger, and
formed in the top of the frame Ct in a posi in rear of this the piece is divided into two
tion to correspond with the opening 011 in the arms, which pass around the cartridge-holder
breech block or bolt carrier when the latter without interfering with the same and are
is in its rearward position to permit of the united in rear of it by a cross-bar n2. ' A
ejection of the empty shell. An extractor f, spring as, bent rearwardly at its upper end,
20 Fig. 8, of ordinary construction, is carried bears again st the cross-bar n2, tending to raise
by the breech-bolt to engage the cartridge it and at the same time to yieldingly hold the
during the last of the forward or closing connection-piece n and the trigger n in their
movement of the breech-bolt and to with forward position. The center of the cross
draw the shell from the chamber of the bar bar stands normally in front of a forward
25 rel during the rearward or opening move projection m3, Figs. 4, 8, and 11, of the sear,
ment of the breech-bolt. The ejection of the so that as the trigger is pulled and the con
shell is effected by the ejector operating in necting-piece moved rearwardly the cross-bar
conjunction with the ?ring-pin, as described bears against said projection m3 and turns
hereinafter. . the sear-point m out of the path of the shoul
In a longitudinal chamber in the breech der Z3 on the hammer Z, thereby releasing the
bolt 0' is arranged the hammer or striker Z, latter and permitting it to be thrown forward
Figs. 7 and 8, the forward part of which forms by the spring Z. On its upper side the cross
the ?ring-pin It. The body of the hammer Zis bar is provided with lugs a, one on each side
hollow and contains the coiled mainspring Z. of the projection m3 of the sear, which, un
35 The rear end of the spring is supported by a der the action of the spring as, bear against
pin 01, ?xed to the knob c8 and projecting the under side of the breech-bolt c.
intothebreech-bolt. Thelengthof the?ring Recesses (:15 are formed in the under side of
pin is is such that its point protrudes consid the breech-bolt to correspond with lugs 11,, so
erably from the face of the breech-bolt _c and that when the breech-bolt is in its extreme
40 under the pressure of the spring Z serves to forward position in readiness for ?ring the
- eject the shell when the rearward movement lugs n4 will enter the recesses 015 and permit
of the breech-bolt and the extractor has with
the cross-bar n2 to rise, so that it shall engage
drawn the same from the barrel, the upper the projection m3 of the sear when the trigger
edge of the head of the shell being held by is pulled, but when the breech-bolt is in any
45 the extractor. other than the ?ring position the lugs a, bear
On its lower side the hammer Z has a longi? ing against the breech-bolt, will depress the
tudinal rib Z2, Fig. 8, which prevents rotation cross-bar below the plane of the projection m3,
of the hammer, while its front end forms a so that the movement of the trigger and of
shoulder Z3, with which the sear on may en the connecting-piece shall have no effect on
gage during the forward movement of the the sear, wherefore only when the parts are
breech-bolt to cock the hammer, a slot being in the proper position for ?ring can the ham
formed through the bottom of the breech-bolt mer be released to ?re a shot by pulling the
to permit of such engagement. The scar m trigger. Furthermore, as soon as the rear
is pivoted in the casing of the frame at below ward movement of the breech-bolt has begun
55 the breech block or bolt carrier and in the the cross-bar n2 is depressed and leaves the
rear of the magazine, the point m of the sear sear free, so that under the in?uence of its
in rear of and above its pivot being kept spring m2 its point m at once returns into the
yieldingly in the path of the shoulder Z3 by a path of the hammer and is in readiness to en- :
sear~spring m2. In rear of the sear m is piv~ gage the shoulder Z3 thereof when the breech
oted a latch 0, the point 0' of which is held bolt and hammer reach their extreme rear<
yieldingly beneath the point m" of the sear ward position and thereby to cook the ham
'm by the sear-spring m2, so that the sear can mer against the stress of the spring Z as the
not be moved to release the hammer unless breech-bolt is returned to its forward position :
the latch is ?rst moved from beneath the sear~ by the reaction-spring 6. By the return of
65 point. To enable this to be done, the lower the sear its projection m3 is moved so as to
part of the latch 0 projects through a slot in stand above the cross-bar a2, and the latter
the rear of the grip a in such a way that therefore cannot resume its position in front
580,925 5

of the projection was until the trigger is re frame, a barrel and a breech block or bolt car
leased and the trigger and connecting-piece rier having a common longitudinal movement
n move forward together. Then the lugs it and a relative longitudinal movement, of a
again enter the recesses e15 and the parts are connection between said barrel and said frame
.in readiness for the ?ring of another shot. It whereby a rotary movement of said barrel
will be observed that the lugs n4 in this con relative to said breech block or bolt carrier is
struction operate as a safety-piece in substan effected as the common longitudinal move
tially the same manner as the independent ment takes place, said barrel and said breech 75
safety-piece shown and described in my said block or bolt carrier being formed the one
IO application hereinbefore referred to. ' These with a longitudinal slot and the other with a
means permit a positive control of the ?ring, projection engaging said slot and preventing
so that the discharge of two or more shots in rotary movement of the barrel during the rela
immediate succession before the trigger is re tive longitudinal movement of the barrel and
leased is prevented, and it is necessary in or the breech block or bolt carrier.
15 der to ?re a second shot to release the trigger 3. In a ?rearm, the combination with a
and pull it again. frame, a barrel and a breech block or bolt car
The operation of the ?rearm which I have rier sliding longitudinally in respect to said
chosen herein as a convenient embodiment of barrel and said frame, said barrel and breech 85
my invention will now be readily understood block or bolt carrier having a limited common
in view of the foregoing description of the longitudinal movement and being adapted to
construction, arrangement, and relations of be engaged with and disengaged from each
its parts. other by a rotary movement, of means where
A cartridge-holder fully charged having by a rotary movement of said barrel relative
been inserted in the seat therefor in the gripto said breech block or bolt carrier is eifected
the breech block or bolt carrier is once drawnto disengage said parts as the common longi~
rearward to the full extent by grasping the tudinal movement of said barrel and breech
knob 08. This movement draws the barrel block or bolt carrier takes place, and a spring
rearwardlyand effects a partial rotation there interposed between said frame and said 95
of, thereby releasing the breech block or bolt breech block or bolt carrier in which energy
3O carrier from the barrel and opens the breech, is stored by the rearward movement of said
a cartridge being at the same time presented breech block or bolt carrier and which returns
in rear of the barrel. WVhenthe knob c8 is re both said breech block or bolt carrier and bar
leased, the breech block or bolt carrier is re rel to their initial positions. I00
turned to its former position by the spring e, 4. In a ?rearm, the combination with a
35 the hammer is cooked, the cartridge is trans frame having a tubular seat, a breech block
ferred to the barrel, the breech is closed, and or bolt carrier comprising a tubular extension
the barrel and the breech block or bolt carrier and a breech-bolt and free to slide in said seat
are look ed together, thus putting all the parts and a barrel inclosed and movable within-said
in position for ?ring. If the trigger is now tubular extension, of means whereby a rotary
pulled, a shot will be ?red and the opening movement of said barrel relative to said
movements of the parts will be effected by the breech block or bolt carrier is elfected to dis
recoil, during which the empty shell is ex engage said parts as the common longitudi
tracted and ejected, and thereafter the suc nal movement of said barrel and breech block I10
ceeding operations will be effected as before. or bolt carrier takes place.
45 It will be understood that I do not intend 5. In a ?rearm, the combination with a
to limit my invention to its application to a frame and a movable breech block or bolt car
magazinepistol, nor to any other particular rier, of a barrel having a limited rotary move
kind or class of ?rearm, nor to the use of the ment with respect to said frame, said barrel I15
several features together in one common and breech block-or bolt carrier having inter
50 structure, nor to the precise construction of locking segmental ribs. .
those features which I have herein shown and 6. In a ?rearm, the combination of aframe
described. I having a tubular seat, a tubular breech block
What I claim, and desire to secure by Let or bolt carrier mounted movably in said seat, I20
ters Patent, is and a barrel inclosed and movable within said
1. In a ?rearm, the combination with a tubular breech block or bolt carrier.
frame, a barrel and a breech block or bolt car 7. In a ?rearm, the combination of a frame
rier having a common longitudinal movement having a tubular seat, a breech blocker bolt
and a relative longitudinal movement, of a carrier comprising a tubular extension and a I25
connection between said barrel and said frame breech-bolt and free to slide in said seat, and
whereby a rotary movement of said barrel a barrel inclosed and movable within said
relative to said breech block or bolt carrier is tubular extension.
effected as the common longitudinal move 8. In a ?rearm, the combination of a frame
ment takes place, and means preventing ro having a forward, tubular extension, a breech
tary movement of the barrel during the rela block or bolt carrier free to slide in said ex
65 tive longitudinal movement of the barrel and tension and comprising itself a breech-bolt
the breech block or bolt carrier. and a forward tubular extension, and a bar
2. In a firearm, the combination with a rel inclosed within the tubular extension of
0 580,925

the breech block or bolt carrier, and connect 13. In a ?rearm, the combination of a lon
ed at its front end to the forward extension gitudin ally-1n ovable breech block or bolt car
of the frame. rier, a hammer, a scar, a trigger, and a con
9. In a firearm, the combination with a necting-piece to transmit pressure from the 60
frame having a forward tubular extension trigger to the sear, said connecting-piece hav
provided near its front end with cam-slots, a ing a lug to bear upon the breech block or
breech block or bolt carrier free to slide Within bolt carrier to hold said connecting-piece out
said tubular extension, and a barrel formed of operative relation with said scar and to
to engage said breech block'or bolt carrier enter a recess in said breech block or bolt car
IO and having pins to engage said cam-slots. rier to permit the connecting-piece to move
10. In a ?rearm, the combination with a into operative relation with said sear.
frame and a reaction-spring supported by 14:. In a ?rearm, the combination of a slid
said frame, of a breech block or bolt carrier ing breech-bolt, a hammer cocked by the
free to slide in said frame and connected to movement of the breech-bolt, a scar having
15 said reaction-spring, and a barrel formed to a point to engage said hammer, a trigger to
engage said breech block or bolt carrier and operate said sear, a latch freely movable to
having a cam slot and pin connection with engage said sear-point and prevent its re
said frame, whereby said barrel has a limited lease from the hammer and to release said
longitudinal and rotary movement to engage sear-point, and a spring acting upon said 75
and disengage said breech block or bolt car latch to hold it normally in engagement Wit-l1
rier. - the sear-point and yielding to permit its
11. In a ?rearm, the combination of a frame release. _
having a seat to receive a breech block or bolt 15. In a ?rearm, the combination of a frame
carrier, a breech block or bolt carrier mount having a cartridge-magazine in the grip and
25 ed to slide in said seat and having a chamber having a slot in the rear of said grip, a ham
to receive the barrel, a barrel movably mount mer and a scar pivoted in said frame in rear of
ed in said chamber, said breech block or bolt the grip, said sear having a point to engage
carrier and barrel having segmental ribs and said hammer, a trigger pivoted in front of the
grooves for engagement, and a cam slot and grip and provided with a connector to oper 85
.pin connection between said barrel and said ate said sear, a latch pivoted in and project
frame, whereby, as the breech block or bolt ing through said slot and freely movable to
carrier is moved rearward the barrel is moved engage said searpoint and to release the
rearward with it and is rotated to release the same, and a spring acting upon said latch to
breech block or bolt carrier, and as the breech hold it normally in engagement with the sear 9O
35 block or bolt carrier is moved forward, the point and yielding to permit its release.
barrel is moved forward with it and is rotated 16. In a ?rearm, the combination ofa slid
to rengage the breech block or bolt carrier. ing breech-bolt, a hammer, a scar having a
12. In a ?rearm, the combination with a rearwardly-extending point to engage the
frame, a breech block or bolt carrier sliding in hammer and a forward projection, a trigger, 95
40 said frame and comprising a. breech-bolt and a connecting-piece to transmit pressure from
.a forward extension from said breech-bolt, a said trigger to the forward projection of said
barrel movably mounted in said extension, sear, said connecting-piece being in operative
means to limit the movement of the barrel, relation with said breech-bolt whereby the
said extension of the breech block or bolt end of said connecting-piece is moved by I00
45 carrier having an opening in front of the said breech-bolt out of the path of said pro
breech-bolt, a cartridge holder and feeder jection in position to be engaged and held
supported in the frame beneath said breech thereby when the sear returns to normal po~
block or bolt carrier, whereby, as the breech _ sition after operation, to prevent a further
block or bolt carrier and barrel are moved movement of the sear until the trigger is re
rearward, the movement of the barrel is in leased and pressed again. I
terrupted and a cartridge is fed into the open This speci?cation signed and witnessed this
ing of the breech block or bolt carrier in po 17th day. of October, A. D. 1896.
sition for insertion into the barrel and on the JOHN M. BROWNING.
forward movement of the breech block or bolt In presence of_ .
55 carrier is inserted by the breech-bolt into the MATTHEW S. BROWNING,
barrel. M. J. HALL.