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Thanatcha Jantanapongpun

Pitiporn Prachayamongkol
Arisara
Kalyakorn
Dec. 18, 2015
section 11-06

EXPERIMENT : iodide lab

ABSTRACT

In this experiment is about filtration and crystallization by combine ethanol,


tetramethylammonium iodide, iodine together. After that we heat the crystal to make it purify.
Then we let it to cool down in a room temperature. The crystal will form into shape and after
that we have to clean the crystal with hexanes until its clear. Finally, we will see the color of
the crystal depend on how much iodine that we use.

OBJECT/PURPOSE
The object of this experiment is to find the different color of crystal that will form
due to the amount of iodine we add in the solution.

INTRODUCTION
Crystallization can be called as the one of purification which is the way to make
substance become pure substance after they pass many reaction. By the way, this experiment
used crystallization for separating solid from liquid and making the final product become
being crystals. There are many way to crystallization but it also has the best way which is use
more solid than liquid and if it isnt enough then add the solid more. After that, boiling both
of them until all of liquid is gone. Then, cooling it for a while and crystal will appear. In this
experiment, iodine is the element that using to purify. Iodine is an element with symbol I and
has atomic number is 53. Including with, tetrathylammonium iodide was also used in this
experiment to form crystal. Another method that using in this experiment is suction filtration
which require more force but take less time to do. Moreover, in this experimemt shows about
chemical color can effect to chemical structure because each role of each group have the
difference role and lastly the result come out differently. Includimg with, the chemical
structure differently absorb the level of light between these. Finally, color was made when the
atom release energy and energy appear as color and finally color is the result in this
experiment.

MATERIALS
0.60 g of iodine
0.50 g of Tetramethylammonium
12 ml of Ethanol
Hexane
Spatula
Gloves
Graduated cylinder
Goggles
Beaker
Heater
Filter Paper
Weighing paper
Suction filtration
Mass scale
glass rod
flex tube

PROCEDURE
1.Measure 0.5 g of tetramethylammonium iodide in to a 50 mL beaker
2.Using a stick to stir and break the clumps of Me4N+I-
3. Put in 0.6 g. of iodine or 1.3 g. of it
4. Put the 12mL of 95% ethanol in to the beaker
5. Heat it gradually. Ethanol can easily boils. maintain the temperature and do not let it too
hot. Reapeat until it dissolve.
6.Stop heating and do not do anything with it because small crystal can form
7. When crystal start forming put it in to the ice bath to let it form more amount of crystal
8 When the crystal are forming. Go and set the suction filtration up
9. Place your crystal on the suction filtration that you have set it up
10.Use Hexane to wash your crystal [2 x 7mL (0.6g iodine), or 5mL (1.3g iodine) until there
are no color that you can see (With the maximum that you can wash is 5 times)].
11. Measure your crystal
figure 1 : let the beaker chills in the ice bath to make the crystal form

figure 2 : suction filtration medthod


figure 3 : The purified crystal in the flex tube

Chemical substances Amount

Tetramethylammonium Iodide 0.50g

Iodine 0.58g

95% Ethanol 12 ml

Hexane 2*7 mL (not more than five)

Tetramethylammonium triiodide 0.7 g

CALCULATION
( Tetramethylammonium iodide + iodine = Tetramethylammonium triiodide )

Molar mass

- Tetramethylammonium Iodide : + I
(CH 3)4 N
4*12.011 + 12*1.008 + 14.007 + 126.904 = 201.1 g/mol

- Tetramethylammonium triiodide: + I3
(C H 3 )4 N
4*12.011 + 12*1.008 + 14.007 +3* 126.904 =454.9g/mol
- Iodine :( I 2 )
2*126.904 = 253.8 g/mol

Limiting Reagent

- Iodine (0.58g)

3
+ I
1 mol I 2 1 mol I 2
0.58 g I 2

+ I3
253.8 g I 2 C H 3 4 N
2.285 10 mol (C H 3 )4 N
3
1 mol

- Tetramethylammonium iodide (0.5g)

I3
1 mol I 2 +
+ I 1 mol I 2

0.50 g(C H 3 )4 N 201.1 g I 2 1 mol(C H 3 )4 N



+ I 3
2.486 103 mol(C H 3)4 N

Theoretical Yield


3
+ I
1 mol (CH 3 )4 N
3
- + I 3

+ I 1.039 g (C H 3)4 N
454.9 g(CH 3 )4 N

+ I 3
2.285 1 03 mol(CH 3)4 N

Percentage Yield
{% Yield = Actual Yield * 100% }
Theoretical Yield

+ I 3

1.039 g (C H 3)4 N
% Yield I 100 67.37
+ 3
0.7 g (C H 3 )4 N

DISCUSSION
According to the experiment, the reason why some people got purple crystal but
some got green because it depend on the amount of iodine that we add in to
Tetramethylammonium iodide. In my group, teacher let us add only 0.6 iodine, which it form
the Tetramethylammonium triiodide that give the purple crystal as the result.While another
group that they add 1.30 g of iodine will form the Tetramethylammonium Pentaiodide crystal
which it make the crystal become less purple and more green. In our experiment, there were
some people that got green or purple depending on the amount of iodine theyGroup that got
1.30 grams of it will be get the same green crystal but some group might have a little bit of
purple and green but our group got 0.58 iodine and it turned out to be all purple in our group.
Our percent yield was 67.73 %. It was quite ok for our group. It was not that good good or
that bad and was not too high or too low. Because the perfect percent yield have to be
alomost 100%. The percent yield of our group indicated that it was some loss during our
group. it might be when the crystal polluted in the water. lower percent yield of our group can
shows that it was some mistake during the experiment. The equipment we used in the lab was
the suction filtration.Its depended on what we are testing with 2 kind of the filtration. But for
our experiment Its more proper equipment to use in the lab.Because its faster than the
gravity filtration. Gravity filtration used up a lot of time on the process for the boiling point
that quite high and for the large atom.And in the lab we did not have a lot of time to test. And
the crystal can ge gone by the high temperature so its better to use the suction filtration.
Finally, our reactants did not dissolve easily. We have to be careful in every way. Because we
have to gently heat with not too high temperature to make the crystal not go away. In order to
form the crystal we have to use the proper solvent that suited our process. If we change it to
any other solvent the result of crystal forming might not good as Tetramethylammonium
Iodide that we used. The solvent that we used even it didnt dissolve easily but it produce a
better result.

CONCLUSION
After we combined the 0.58 g iodine, 0.50 g Tetramethylammonium iodide and 12.00
ml of ethano together by use suction filtration medthod, we got Tetramethylammonium
triiodide. This process give 0.7 g Tetramethylammonium triiodide in form of purple crystal
that has 67.73% yied.

References
http://amrita.olabs.co.in/?sub=73&brch=7&sim=110&cnt=1

http://orgchem.colorado.edu/Technique/Procedures/Crystallization/Crystallization.html

https://www.erowid.org/archive/rhodium/chemistry/equipment/recrystallization.html

http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-35-iodine.aspx?
activeingredientid=35&activeingredientname=iodine

https://www.dartmouth.edu/~chemlab/chem6/dyes/full_text/chemistry.html

http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Tetraethylammonium_iodide

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