Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 11

,

(. Ella Jane Fitzger-


ald; 25 1917, -, ,
15 1996, -, , )
, -
( -
, [1] ), -
,
. 13- -
[2][3] ;
(, 1987)[4] , -
(, 1992)[5] , -
(, 1990)[6][7] -
. 50- -
90 ,
-
,
, , ,
, , .
-
[8] , ,
, - -
, . -
40 [9] .

1.

1.1. . 19 1940 . -

25 1917
-, ,
[10][11] .
.
-
,
[12] . 35 , - - -
, 23, , -
[13] . . -
, , , ,
- :
-, . - [16] . -
, , -
. , 1923 . ,
, -
. .
, - , ,
, ;
[14][15] . - [17] .
, - 1932 -
[12] .

1
2 1

. , , -
. - , A-Tisket, A-Tasket
, -
[18] -
, - 1938 . -
[19] . , - A-Tisket, A-Tasket
I Found My Yellow Basket[24] .
, [18] , 16 1939 , -
,
Ella and Her Famous
Orchestra.
[18] .
-. -
- 150 . The
Amateur Nights New York Times, ,
. 21 1934 ,
. - -[17] . -
- 1942 .
Edwards Sisters, -
.
, - 1.2.2. 1940- . Decca
, -
. -
The Object of My Affection -
, -
[20] . ,
, -
. ,
-
Judy . -
, ,
,
[21] .
25 , -
[22] .

1.2.
1.2.1. 1930- . -

1935 , -, 1947. ,
- , , , -
. ()
, 21 1934
, 1942 -
- -
[23] . - Decca Records. -
, ,
The New York Times, The Delta Rhythm Boys.
, , -
[17] . - ,

. Jazz at the Philharmonic.
, -
- , -
, -
, Love and Kisses (If You Cant 10 .
Sing It) Youll Have to Swing It (Mr. Paganini). - -
1.2 3

- - 1956 , -
. , -
- 1956 1964 [27] .
, -
. - , -
Great American Songbook.
,
. - , -
, - . Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington
- Songbook ,
[22] . -
1945 Flying Home [28] .
-
, -
- The E and
D Blues,
,
- .
, -
Songbook -
[17] .

Oh, Lady Be Good! (1947) -
. The New York Times ,
[25] .

, - -
; -
1.2.3. 19501960- . Verve. - [17] .

1972 1983
Nice Work If You Can Get It Ella Loves
Cole,
. -
Ella Abraa Jobim, Pablo
Records, .
-
4045 -
-
. , -
, , -
[17] .
-
At the Opera House, Ella in Rome, Twelve Nights in
Hollywood Ella in Berlin.
-,
. , -
,
, [29] .

1.2.4.

Verve Records MGM 1961


3 [30] , 1967 MGM
. . 1962
. -
5 Atlantic,
JATP Capitol Reprise, -
1955 , Decca. -
, , - .
Verve Records. - Capitol Brighten the Corner -
, Ella Fitzgeralds Christmas
: ,
Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Songbook Misty Blue , 30 by Ella
4 2

( 1986 -
[35] , -
1972
[36] ). 1990
[37] .
1993 - -
[12][38] . -
1996 -
-
, .
,
12- .
, ,
[39] .
15 1996
79 -, . -
-[40][41] . -
-
-
[42] .
( -
, -
) [43] . -
, -
. 17 1975 .
,
(Schlesinger) [44] .
-. -
Get Ready (-
) - 2.
, -[31] .
1972 -
Jazz at Santa Monica Civic '72 - , -
Pablo Records - The Ink Spots,
Verve[32] . , , -
20 . - .
1974 Ella in London -
, , -
1943 1950
-
The Ink Spots 7 , 4 -
-
, Im
. -
Making Believe Into Each Life Some Rain
-
Must Fall[45] .
.
1970- - -
,
, , [12] . Verve, -
- - : Ella and Louis (1956) Ella and Louis
1991 Again (1957),
, 1993 -
-[33] . ; 1950- . -

[46] .
1.3.
-
1989 -
Back on the Block, - ,
[34] . One
OClock Jump (1957), -
5

Ella and Basie! (1963). - -, -


- , . , -
, .
- ,
, . -
. 1972 ,
Jazz at ,
Santa Monica Civic 72, 1979 , . -
: Digital III at Montreux, A Classy Pair ,
A Perfect Match. , [49] .
The Great American

Popular Singers -
4 : Take Love Easy
, -
(1973), Easy Living (1986), Speak Love (1983)

Fitzgerald and Pass Again (1976).
, . -
-

. -
Ella and
. , -
Duke at the Cote DAzur (1966) The Stockholm
, , -
Concert, 1966 (1966). Ella
: -
Fitzgerald Sings the Duke Ellington Songbook -
, . -
,

Great American Songbook
[47] [50] .
.


4.
, -
-

.
- -
, , A Man and His Music + -
Ella + Jobim (1967), (1955),
[12] . .
,
( ,
), -
3. Warner Bros.
[12] . The New York Times -
- , , 95 -
, , , 5 -
,
[48] . -, [51] .
, .
: - -- (1958) -
- . (1960). , 1980-
, , .
, -
- , , -
, - , ,
- .
, - - [52] . -
. , - -
, - , , -
, . - Memorex[53] -
, KFC[54] .
,
. , American Express (1988),
6 8

[55] . . ,
, -
;
5. - . 1953
- , .
, , -

- [17] .
, 1957 -
- , -
. 1993 - . -
- ,
, , , -
, , [12] .
.
-
, A Book Just for Me!

8.
[56]
.

6.
-

- -,
! -
[57]
, -
[58] .
, -
, I. 13 1981 .
, -
. , - 1998 -
- -
, , - -
, - , -
-[12] . [61] .
,
, , - , , ,
, , , ,
[22] . - , .
1983 :
, , ,
-. -
To Ella with Love (1996) 14
7. , [62] . -

. Dear
, Ella (1997) , -
. 1941 :
, , , -
. [63] . -
[60] . Live at Yoshis ,
1947 - 25 1998 81-
, - [64] .
For Ella,
7

(2002), 12 , 11.

[65] . [1] (.) Allmusic
2007 , 90- , [2] Stone, 2008, . 203.
-
We All Love Ella, - [3] Grammy Awards Past winners search: Ella Fitzgerald
, , (.). Grammy.org. -
16 2012.
, , ,
[66] . [4] NEA Jazz Masters: Ella Fitzgerald (.). Nea.gov.
Lady Be 16 2012.
Good For Ella (1994)[67] To Ella (1998)[68] -
. [5] Model Citizens: Notable Medal of Freedom Recipients
(.). Bet.com. 16
- 2012.
, , Ella, elle
[6] Renouf, Renee. Muriel Maffre, Chevalier de lOrdre des
la , Sir Duke , I Love
Arts et des Lettres (.). Ballet.co.uk (24 October
Being Here With You , First Lady -
2008). 16
, Mack the Knife 2012.
.
[7] Lichfield, John. The Big Question: How does the French
2008 - honours system work, and why has Kylie been decorated?
- - (.). The Independent (8 May 2008).
276 , 16 2012.

[69] . [8] Nicholson, 1993, . 159.
11 12 [9] Discogs.
[70] [71] .
[10] http://www.houseofnames.com/fitzgerald-family-crest
- (.). Houseofnames.com. -
, - 5 2013.
[72] , -
[11] The Black & The Green: Meeting at the crossroads
, [73] . of shared history (.). Irishecho.com (17 February
2011). 5
10 2007 - 2013.
39- ,
[74] , [12] Nicholson, 1993.
(. Black Heritage)[75] . [13] Krohn, 2001, . 13.

[14] Ella Fitzgerald Biography (.).


Notablebiographies.com.
9.
[15] Krohn, 2001, . 15.
54 - [16] Schoenberger, 2005, . 6.
, 23 , 6 -
, 7 72 . [17] Holden, Stephen. Ella Fitzgerald, the Voice of Jazz, Dies
at 79 (.). The New York Times (16 June 1996).
16 2012.

[18] Bernstein, Nina. Ward of the State: The Gap in Ella


10. Fitzgeralds Life (.). The New York Times (23 June
1996). 16
- 2012.
13 -
[19] Rich, Frank. How High the Moon (.). The New York
[3] , 2
Times (19 June 1996). -
4 -
16 2012.
[76] . 1960
[77] . [20] Schoenberger, 2005, . 4.

[21] Krohn, 2001, . 8.
, , -
- [22] Moret, Jim. First Lady of Song passes peacefully,
. surrounded by family (.). CNN.com (15 June 1996).
8 11

[23] Schoenberger, 2005, . 10. [45] The Ink Spots and Ella Fitzgerald Songs (.).
Musicvf.com. 10
[24] Studwell, 2000, . 35. 2013.
[25] Oh, Lady Be Good! (1924) (.). Jazzstandards.com. [46] Kliment, 1989, . 126.
30 2013.
[47] Jet, 1967, . 52-53.
[26] Mobi History Series, 2007.
[48] Nicholson, Stuart. The Dozens: Twelve Essential
[27] Kliment, 1989, . 116.
Ella Fitzgerald performances (.). Jazz.com.
[28] Kliment, 1989, . 125. 19 2012.

[29] Biography of Ella Fitzgerald (.). Poemhunter.com. [49] Friedwald, Will. ELLA FITZGERALD, 19171996 A
10 2013. memorial (.). Museum.media.org.
19 2012.
[30] Discography of the Verve, Clef, Down Home and
Norgran Labels (.). Bsnpubs.com (15 July 2011). [50] Pleasants, 1974.
10 2013.
[51] Webb Plays the Blues (.). The New York Times (19
[31] Top Songs/Chart Singles Discography (.). August 1955).
Musicvf.com.
10 2013. [52] Ella Fitzgerald on Ed Sullivan Show (.).
Edsullivan.com. -
[32] Norman Granz: Jazz Genius Behind The Scenes (.). 19 2012.
NPR.org (6 August 2008). -
10 2013. [53] Memorex Ad featuring Ella Fitzgerald (.).
Retrojunk.com. 16
[33] Davies, Hugh. Sir Johnny up there with the Count and 2012.
the Duke (.). The Telegraph (31 December 2005).
19 2012. [54] KFC Ad featuring Ella Fitzgerald (.).
Retrojunk.com. -
[34] Past Winners Search | GRAMMY.com 16 2012.
[35] Fitzgerald has surgery (.). NY Times (5 September [55] Annie Leibovitz Color Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald
1986). 10 [color photoprint, 1988] (.). SIRIS archives.
2013. 10 2013.
[36] Nicholson, Stuart. Encyclopedia of Jazz Musicians: Ella [56] Go Read a Book! (.). Ellafitzgeraldfoundation.org.
Fitzgerald (.). Jazz.com. - 16 2012.
19 2012.
[57] Ella Fitzgerald, 10th Anniversary of Americas First
[37] Tomasson, Robert E. Chronicle (.). NY Times (11 Lady of Songs (.). VOA News (31 July 2011).
June 1990). 10 - 19 2012.
2013.
[58] Schoenberger, 2005, . 5.
[38] Brozan, Nadine. Chronicle (.). NY Times (12 April
1994). 10 [59] Stamberg, Susan. Ella Fitzgerald: Americas First Lady Of
2013. Song (.). NPR.org (29 March 2010).
19 2012.
[39] The official cite of the first lady of song (.).
Ellafitzgerald.com. [60] Ella Fitzgerald Biography (.). U-s-history.com.
17 2012. 19 2012.
[40] Benoit, 2003, . 423. [61] McDonald, Sam. Cnu Graduates With Honors From First
Ella Music Festival (.). Daily Press (15 May 1998).
[41] Find a Grave: Ella Fitzgerald (.). Findagrave.com.
19 2012. [62] To Ella with Love (.) Allmusic
[42] Library of Congress and Smithsonian Institution To [63] Dear Ella (.) Allmusic
Share Ella Fitzgerald Collection (.). Loc.gov (25
April 1997). 19 - [64] Live at Yoshis (.) Allmusic
2012.
[65] Patti Austin For Ella Audio CD (.).
[43] Ella Fitzgerald collection, 1956-1992 (.). Loc.gov. Cduniverse.com. 10
19 2012. 2013.
[44] Library to Unveil Fitzgerald Cookbooks (.). The [66] We All Love Ella (.) Allmusic
Harvard Crimson (7 October 1996).
19 2012. [67] Lady Be Good For Ella (.) Allmusic
9

[68] To Ella (.) Allmusic Stone, Tanya. Ella Fitzgerald: Up Close. Penguin
Group US, 2008. ISBN 0670061492.
[69] Downing-Gross Cultural Arts Center (.). Daily Press.
10 2013. Wyman, Carolyn. Ella Fitzgerald: Jazz Singer
[70] Nicholson, David. Roberta Flack gets closer to Fitzgerald Supreme. Danbury: Franklin Watts, 1993.
(.). Daily Press (3 October 2008). ISBN 0-531-15679-6.
10 2013.
100 Most Influential People of All Times.
[71] Frost, Peter. Two Historic Buildings Celebrate A MobileReference, 2007. (Mobi History Series).
Lifetime Of Hard Work (.). Daily Press (12 October ISBN 9781605011240.
2008).
Studwell, William Emmett; Baldin, Mark. The
[72] In Tribute to Ella Fitzgerald, and Yonkers (.). NY Big Band Reader: Songs Favored by Swing Era
Times (20 October 1996). - Orchestras and Other Popular Ensembles.
10 2013.
Routledge, 2000. ISBN 0789009145.
[73] Orange Coast Magazine, 1998, . 186.
Schoenberger, Megan. Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady Of
[74] New Stamp Honors First Lady of Song (.). Jazz. Capstone, 2005. ISBN 0736837426.
Whsv.com (9 January 2007). -
19 2012. Morrison, Allan Famed musicians triumph in
Europe, now tour nation (.) // Jet. 1967.
[75] Schmid, Randolph. New stamp honors Ella Vol. 31, no. 26. P. 5253. ISSN 0021-5996.
Fitzgerald; 30th in Black Heritage series (.).
Lubbockonline.com (12 January 2007). Calendar (.) // Orange Coast Magazine.
19 2012. 1998. Vol. 24, no. 3. ISSN 0279-0483.
[76] Grammy Hall of Fame Past Recipients (.).
Grammy.org. 28
2012. 13.
[77] Ella Fitzgerald Star at Hollywood Walk of Fame (-
.). Walkoffame.com. - ellafitzgerald.com
18 2013.
ellafitzgeraldfoundation.org

12.

Benoit, Tod. Where are they buried? How did they (.) Discogs
die?. Black Dog Publishing, 2003. ISBN 978-
(.) Internet
1-57912-287-4.
Movie Database
Fidelman, Geoffrey Mark. First Lady of Song: Ella
Fitzgerald for the Record. New York: Citadel -
Press, 1996. ISBN 0806517719. Sweet Georgia Brown, 1966

Gourse, Leslie. The Ella Fitzgerald Companion: Mack the Knife


Seven Decades of Commentary. New York: Lullaby of Birdland
Schirmer Books, 1998. ISBN 0028646258.
Kliment, Bud. Ella Fitzgerald (Black Americans of
Achievement). Broomall: Chelsea House, 1989.
ISBN 0791002209.
Krohn, Katherine E. Ella Fitzgerald: First Lady of
Song. Twenty-First Century Books, 2001.
ISBN 0822549336.
Nicholson, Stuart. Ella Fitzgerald: A Biography of
the First Lady of Jazz. New York: Scribners
Sons, 1993. ISBN 0-575-40032-3.
Pleasants, Henry. The Great American Popular
Singers. N. Y.: Simon and Schuster, 1974.
ISBN 0671216813.
10 14 ,

14. ,
14.1.
, : https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D0%B8%D1%86%D0%B4%D0%B6%D0%B5%
D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%B4%2C_%D0%AD%D0%BB%D0%BB%D0%B0?oldid=82636369 : Amoses,
Chobot, Zserghei, Ghirlandajo, , Omatosan, Esp, , Zac Allan, Thijs!bot, CommonsDelinker, Kvazarum,
Celest, Rei-bot, DorganBot, VolkovBot, Victoria, Markusha, Idioma-bot, Antonov86, Aibot, TXiKiBoT, Vs64vs, Olorulus, Pasha
An, VVVBot-temp, SieBot, YonaBot, AlleborgoBot, SMit, , David.s.kats, Lockalbot, Dmitry Rozhkov, Starless,
Saidaziz, Musicien, , Azgar, Orfei, VlsergeyBot, Luckas-bot, Ptbotgourou, 70, Rubinbot, ArthurBot, Wikiarius,
SassoBot, DenisKrivosheev, LucienBOT, Maykel, Borodun, Alexandronikos, Bopsulai, TobeBot, Vikeke, Valdis72, EmausBot, Arbnos,
Jazzfan777, ArtTrapeza, Courcelles, , , --, , StarDeg, Movses-bot, KrBot, WebCite Archiver,
PtQa, SpaceRu, MerlIwBot, MBHbot, , , Belikal768, , Emilianka, Sozertsatel, NiklemBot, Col. Hans Landa,
Depechistko, , Citing Bot, Milez189, Jimi Henderson, : 40

14.2.
:Aquote1.png : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/44/Aquote1.png : Public domain -
: No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). :
. Paul Pogonyshev ( ).
:Aquote2.png : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/Aquote2.png : Public domain -
: No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). :
. Paul Pogonyshev ( ).
:Commons-logo.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg : Public
domain : This version created by Pumbaa, using a proper partial circle and SVG geometry features. (Former versions used to
be slightly warped.) : SVG version was created by User:Grunt and cleaned up by 3247, based on the earlier PNG version,
created by Reidab.
:Ella_Fitzgerald_(1940).jpg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3f/Ella_Fitzgerald_%281940%29.
jpg : Public domain : Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Van Vechten Collection, reproduction
number cph 3c00859 LC-USZ62-100859 DLC (b&w film copy neg. :
:Ella_Fitzgerald_1962.JPG : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Ella_Fitzgerald_1962.JPG -
: Public domain : eBay item : Lewin/Kaufman/Schwartz, Public Relations, Beverly Hills
:Ella_Fitzgerald_1968.jpg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/Ella_Fitzgerald_1968.jpg -
: CC BY 2.0 : Ella Fitzgerald : Courtesy the Fraser MacPherson estate c/o Guy MacPherson
:Ella_Fitzgerald_in_September_1947.jpg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/52/Ella_Fitzgerald_
in_September_1947.jpg : Public domain : ,
(Music Division), (digital ID) gottlieb.02841.
. - . . -
. : William P. Gottlieb
:Ellafitzgerald.jpg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/64/Ellafitzgerald.jpg : CC BY 3.0
: Helmut Montag : Helmut Montag
:Flag_of_the_United_States.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.
svg : Public domain : SVG implementation of U. S. Code: Title 4, Chapter 1, Section 1 [1] (the United States Federal
Flag Law). : Dbenbenn, Zscout370, Jacobolus, Indolences, Technion.
:Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/Folder_Hexagonal_Icon.svg
: CC-BY-SA-3.0 : : Folder.gif. : : John Cross
: Shazz
:Green_star_boxed.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Green_star_boxed.svg :
CC-BY-SA-3.0 : Own work, based on Image:Blue star boxed.svg : Kalan via Spider via Wind via San Jose via Tsui
:Ordre_des_Arts_et_des_Lettres_Chevalier_ribbon.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/
Ordre_des_Arts_et_des_Lettres_Chevalier_ribbon.svg : CC BY 3.0 : : Boroduntalk
:P_treble_clef.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/73/P_treble_clef.svg : Public
domain : ? : ?
:P_vip.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/69/P_vip.svg : Public domain : ? -
: ?
:Presidential_Medal_of_Freedom_(ribbon).png : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/
54/Presidential_Medal_of_Freedom_%28ribbon%29.png : CC BY-SA 3.0 :
: File:Presidential-medal-of-freedom.jpg : <a href='//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:ANGELUS'
title='User:ANGELUS'>Angelus</a>(<a href='//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User_talk:ANGELUS#top' title='User talk:ANGELUS'>talk</a>)
:Ronald_Reagan_Ella_Fitzgerald.jpg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Ronald_Reagan_Ella_
Fitzgerald.jpg : Public domain : http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/photographs/large/c4495-9A.jpg :
White House Photo Office
:Symbol_venus.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Symbol_venus.svg : CC-BY-
SA-3.0 : : By Rei-artur ( ).
:Wikipedia_interwiki_section_gear_icon.svg : https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c9/Wikipedia_
interwiki_section_gear_icon.svg : Public domain : Universal Language Selector extension of MediaWiki, https://github.
com/wikimedia/mediawiki-extensions-UniversalLanguageSelector/blob/master/resources/images/cog-sprite.svg : Wikimedia
Foundation; Santhosh Thottingal <santhosh.thottingal@gmail.com> (according to File:Cog-ULS-gear-latest.png);
14.3 11

14.3.
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0