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An Technical Seminar report on

WELDING

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY

IN

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Submitted By

G.NAVEEN VARMA (11N71A0317)

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

DRK INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

(Affiliated to JNTUH)

Bowrampet, Hyderabad-43

2015
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

DRK INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

(Affiliated to JNTUH)

Bowrampet, Hyderabad-43

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that the project report entitled WELDING has been submitted by
G.NAVEEN VARMA (11N71A0317) in partial fulfillment for the award of Degree of
Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering. The results embodied in this report
have not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree.

CO-ORDINATOR
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I am using this opportunity to express our hearty gratitude to everyone who supported
me throughout the course of this B.Tech TECHNICAL SEMINAR. I am thankful for their
aspiring guidance, invaluably constructive criticism and friendly advice during the project
work. I am sincerely grateful to them for sharing their truthful and illuminating views on a
number of issues related to the project.

We express our warm thanks to

Head Of The Department - Prof. P.V. Durga Prasad M.Tech,(P.Hd)


Our Principal Prof. K. Bala Showry M.Tech, P.Hd
Internal Guide ASST PROF.POLINAIDU

THANKYOU,
G.NAVEEN VARMA.
ABSTRACT

Welding is a fabrication process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by


causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the work pieces and adding a filler
material to form a pool of molten material that cools to become a strong joint, with pressure
sometimes used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce the weld.Many different
energy sources can be used for welding, including a gas flame, an Electric arc, a laser, an
electron beam, friction and ultrasound. While often an industrial process, welding can be
done in many different environments, including open air, underwater and in outer space.

There are five types of weld joints. They are:


1. Butt joint
2. Corner joint
3. Edge joint
4. Lap joint
5. Tee joint

Classification of welding process


Oxyfuel Welding (OFW) - Heating with a mixture of oxygen and acetylene (oxyfuel gas).
Arc Welding (AW)-Heating with electric arc.
Fusion welding- Melting base metals.
Resistance welding (RW) - Heating with resistance to an electrical current.
Other fusion welding- Electron beam welding and laser beam welding. Beam of laser light is
used for welding.
Solid state welding- No melting, No fillers
Diffusion welding (DFW) - Solid-state fusion at an elevated temperature.
Friction welding (FRW)-Heating by friction.
Ultrasonic welding (USW) - Moderate pressure with ultrasonic oscillating motion.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
S.NO. CHAPTER PG.NO
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. TYPES OF WELD JOINTS 2
2.1 BUTT WELDS 2
2.1.1 SQUARE BUTT JOINTS 2
2.1.2 SINGLE-V BUTT WELDS 2
2.1.3 SINGLE-J BUTT WELDS 3
2.1.4 SINGLE-U BUTT WELDS 3
2.2 CORNER JOINT 3

2.3 EDGE JOINT 3

2.4 LAP JOINT 4

2.5 TEE JOINT 4

3. TYPES OF WELDING PROCESS 5

3.1 OXY-FUEL WELDING 5-6


3.2 ARC WELDING 6-7
3.3 FORGE WELDING 7-8

3.4 RESISTANCE WELDING 9

3.5 SPOT WELDING 9-10

3.6 THERMIT WELDING 11

3.7 TIG- TUNGSTEN INERT GAS WELDING 12-13

3.8 MIG-METAL INERT GAS WELDING 13-14

3.9 FRICTION WELDING 14


3.9.1 PROCESS 14

3.9.2 SPIN WELDING 14-15

3.9.3 LINEAR FRICTION WELDING 15


3.10 INDUCTION WELDING 15
3.11 EXPLOSION WELDING 16
3.12 LASER BEAM WELDING 16-17
3.13 SOLDERING 17

3.13.1 PROCESS 17-18

3.13.2 SILVER SOLDERING 18-19

3.13.3 INDUCTION WELDING 19

3.14 BRAZING 19-20

4. CONCLUSION 21

5. REFERENCES 22
LIST OF FIGURES PG.NO

2.1 WELD JOINTS 3


2.2 TYPES OF WELD JOINTS 4
3.1 OXYFUEL WELDING 5
3.2 ARC WELDING 7
3.4 FORGE WELDING PROCESS 8
3.5 RESISTANCE WELDING 9
3.6 SPOT WELDING 9
3.7 THERMIT WELDING 11
3.8 TUNGSTEN INERT GAS WELDING 12
3.9 METAL INERT GAS WELDING 13
3.10 FRICTION WELDING 14
3.11 EXPLOSION WELDING 16
3.13 SOLDERING 18
3.14 BRAZING 20