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Welcome to the Bollard Pull Calculator for Bar

What does this Excel Sheet do?

This Excel sheet helps you calculate the Required Bollard pull of a Tug used for towi

How is the Excel Sheet Organised?

The Excel Sheet provides three different methods for calculations.

The First method is using a simple Empirical formula. This is contained in the sheet

The Second Method is using industry standard OPL Guidelines for Barge Transportat

The Third Method is based on Bureau Veritas rules and formulas for Bollard Pull Calc

How to use this Excel Sheet

In all the three methods, the user is asked for some inputs to be provided. For exam
The user has to provide all the inputs highlighted in blue.
For some inputs, Tables and charts are required to be referred. These Tables and ch
Once all inputs are provided, the components of required bollard pull are calculated
alculator for Barges!

a Tug used for towing a Barge

tained in the sheet named "Empirical Formula". It provides Bollard Pull for different weather conditions: Calm, R

or Barge Transportation Vol 5. This is contained in the sheet named "Bollard Pull - OPL Guideline"

for Bollard Pull Calculations. This is contained in the sheet named "Bollard Pull - BV"

provided. For example, the Wetted Surface area of Barge, Wind Speed etc. The Input cells are highlighted

These Tables and charts are provided alongwith for the user to enter these inputs.
d pull are calculated and added up to give the final Bollard Pull required.
conditions: Calm, Rough and Extreme

s are highlighted in blue.


INPUTS: Please input the following

Description Unit Value
Length, L m 86.00
Breadth, B m 27.43
Displacement, tonnes 9246.19
Depth, D m 5.50
Draft, d m 4.24
Cargo Height, H m 4.09
Tug Efficiency in percentage(default 75%) 75.00
Is it Tow by Stern? Yes/No No
Actual TUG Bollard Pull tonnes 40.00

Note: For tow by the stern, then the Bollard Pull requirement is to be increased by 20%


Description Good Rough

Length, L 86.00 86.00
Towing Speed, V 5.00 4.00
Breadth, B 27.43 27.43
Displacement, 9246.19 9246.19
Depth, D 5.50 5.50
Draft, d 4.24 4.24
Cargo Height, H 4.09 4.09
Exposed Height, D1 5.35 5.35
Weather Factor, K 1.00 2.00
Required Bollard Pull as per formula, Rt 16.68 25.67
Tug Efficiency in percentage(Default 75%) 75.00 75.00
Bollard Pull considering Tug Efficiency =
22.24 34.23
Tow by Stern? No No
Final Bollard Pull, BP (in tonnes) 22.24 34.23
Actual TUG Bollard Pull 40.00 40.00
ARGE: Empirical Formula
Using Empirical Formula for towing guide by Port Authorities

BP = { [ ( (v3/ (120 60)) ] + (0.06B D1) } K (tonnes)

= full displacement of towed vessel, in tonnes
v = tow speed, in knots
B = breadth of the vessel, in meters
D1 = depth of exposed transverse section of the vessel including
deck cargo above the water line, in meters

BP = Required bollard pull, in tonnes

eased by 20% K = the factor depending on the likely condition to be met. This fact
intended to reflect desired weather margins.

WEATHER CONDITIONS & TOWING SPEEDS In General: for exposed tows, K = 1.0 - 3.0
for sheltered tows, K = 0.75 - 2.0
Extreme for protected tows, K = 0.50 - 1.5
1.00 <---- Please input the different speeds considered for the three weather conditions


K (tonnes)

vessel, in tonnes

on of the vessel including

condition to be met. This factor is

= 0.75 - 2.0
K = 0.50 - 1.5

weather conditions

BARGE NAME BARGE 1 Directions:

1. Fill the input cells which are in blue.
TOWING SPEED -----> knots 4.0 2. The outputs will show in the bottom as the final Bollard Pull required.
Actual Bollard Pull of Tug -----> tonnes 40.0
Towing Efficiency in % (Default value 75%) 75.0
Calculation of Frictional Resistance: 3. Use Table 1 for calculating the Height coefficient for Wind
RF = f1 (S)(v/6)2 , lbs. 4. Use Table 2 for finding the Shape Coefficient for wind
Description Unit Value 5. Use Table 3 to calculate the Wave Effect Resistance which depends on the wave height.
Fouling coefficient(0.4 clean hull, 0.85 fouled hull, In case the value of Wave Height falls in between two values given in the table, interpolation is to be used
f1 - 0.63
usually 0.625)
Wetted Surface of the Hull S ft2 32609
Still water tow speed in knots v knots 4.0
Frictional Resistance RF tonnes 4.11 Factor Ch (Height coefficient for wind calculations)

Calculation of Wave Forming Resistance: Height Unit Factor

RWF = 3.42 (f2)(AT)(v)2 , lbs. 0-50 feet 1
Hull Shape Coefficient (0.20 for rake ended barges Unit Value 50-100 feet 1.1
and bluff bowed vessels and 0.50 for square bowed
f2 - 0.2
vessels) 100-150 feet 1.2
Transverse Area(Underwater) AT ft2 1171 150-200 feet 1.3
Still water tow speed in knots v knots 4.0 200-250 feet 1.4
Wave Forming Resistance RWF tonnes 5.81 250-300 feet 1.5
300-350 feet 1.6
Calculation for Wind Resistance:
RW = 0.0034 (AT)(vW+v)2 , lbs. Table 1: Cargo Height Coefficient for Wind Calculations
Description Unit Value
Height Coefficient for Cargo Exposed to Wind (See Ta Ch - 1
Shape Coefficient for Cargo Exposed to Wind (See Ta Cs - 1 Factor Cs (Shape coefficient for wind calculations)
Cargo Transverse Area (Exposed to wind) AC ft2 962.8 Shape Cs
Topside Transverse Area (Exposed to wind) AH ft2 453.0 Cylinder 0.5
Total Transverse Area AT ft2 1415.8 Flat Perpendicular Surface 1
Wind Velocity vW knots 40.0 Isolated Structure Beam-channel angle bra 1.5
Still water tow speed in knots v knots 4.0 Exposed Beams 1.3
Force at 20 knots wind velocity RW tonnes 4.23 Derrick (latticed structures) 1.25
Sphere 0.4
Calculation of Current Effect:
RC = 0.016 (S)(vC)2 , lbs. Table 2: Carge Shape Coefficient for Wind Calculations
Description Unit Value
Wetted Surface of the Hull S ft 2
Current Speed vC knots 1.0 Wave Height Effect For wave Force on Hull:
Current Effect Resistance RC tonnes 0.24 Significant Wave Height Added Resistance
5 feet 2000 lbs
Calculation of Wave Effect: 10 feet 12000 lbs
At 7 feet = 6000 lbs resistance 15 feet 22000 lbs
Description Unit Value 20 feet 29000 lbs
Wave Height ft 16 25 feet 30000 lbs
Force at 16 feet wave FWR lbs 23,400 30 feet 33000 lbs
Wave Effect Resistance RWH tonnes 10.62
Table 3: Wave Effect Resistance Table
Calculation of Hawser Resistance:
RH = 0.10 (RF + RWF)
Description Unit Value
Frictional Resistance RF tonnes 4.1
Wave Forming Resistance RWF tonnes 5.8
Hawser Resistance RH tonnes 0.99

Calculation of Total Resistance:
RT = RF + RWF + RW + RC + RWH + RH
Frictional Resistance RF tonnes 4.11
Wave Forming Resistance RWF tonnes 5.81
Wind Resistance RWH tonnes 4.23
Current Effect Resistance RC tonnes 0.24
Wave Effect Resistance RWH tonnes 10.62
Hawser Resistance RH tonnes 0.99
Total Resistance RT tonnes 26.0
Tug Efficiency in percentage(Default value 75%) 75.0
Required Bollard Pull = (R T/)*100 BP TONNES 34.67

Symbol Value Unit Description
L= 86.00 m Waterline Length
B= 27.50 m Breadth
T= 4.50 m Draft
V= 4 Kn Vessel Speed (Towing Speed)
Vc = 1 Kn Assumed Current Speed
D= 9246.19 t Displacement
S= 131.53 m^2 Windage Area
d= 65 mm Tow Line Diameter
l= 700 m Tow Line Immersed Length
Z= 1 m Sag of Tow Line
P= 900 m Tug to Towed Vessel Distance
N= 150 days Number of Days Elapsed Since last Dry Docking
Vfr = 11 Kn Maximum Towing Vessel Speed in Free Run
rsw = 1.025 t/m^3 Sea Water Specific Gravity (default value 1.025)
rair = 1.22 kg/m^3 Air Specific Gravity (default value 1.22)
n= 1.2E-06 m^2/s Viscosity (default value 1.2 10^-6)
Vw = 40 Kn Wind Speed (default value 40)
BPt = 40 Tonnes Actual Bollard Pull of Tug

Symbol Value Unit Description

Frictional Resistance Rf Rf = Cf (rsw)(Sw)(v)2

R = 184341000 Reynolds Number, R = vL /
Cf = 0.001910 Friction Coefficient, Cf = 0.075 / [log10 R)-2]2
DCf = 0.002293 Addition to Friction Coefficient due to Hull Fouling, DCf = 0.008 (N)(Cf)
Cft = 0.004603 Total Friction Coefficient, Cft = Cf + DCf +0.0004
Sw = 2820.23 m^2 Wetted Surface Area
Rf = 44018 N Frictional Resistance
Wave Resistance Rv
L/B = 3.13
B/T = 6.11
V/(L)^0.5 = 0.28
Rv / D = 12.00 (To be taken from the Graph 1 on the right)
Rv = 110954 N Wave Resistance
Total Hydrodynamic Resistance Rh
Rh = 154972 N Total Hydrodynamic Resistance
Aerodynamic Resistance Ra Ra = Cx * Ch * (rair)(S)(Vw)2
Cx = 1 Drag Coefficient(To be taken from the Appendix1 on the right)
Height Coefficient(To be taken from the Appendix1 on the
Ch = 1
Ra = 33974 N Aerodynamic Resistance
Tow Line Resistance Rr Rr = 4.6 x10-3 (d)(v)2( l + (71.6 Z/P)) , in Newton
Rr = 1385 N Tow Line Resistance
Total Resistance of Towed Vessel
Rtot = 190330 N
Bollard Pull Coefficients
(V+Vc)/Vfr = 0.45
Cef = 0.55 Percentage of Static Bollard Pull = (1 - (V+Vc)/Vfr)
Total Required Static Bollard Pull for
Tug, Rt
Rt = 35.6 T
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