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Code No: C1503

R09

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD M.Tech I Semester Examinations, October/November -2011 FATIGUE, CREEP AND FRACTURE MECHANICS (MACHINE DESIGN)

Time: 3hours

Max. Marks: 60

Answer any five questions All questions carry equal marks - - -

 1.a) Explain the various strength theories of failure. (3) b) Show the graphical representation of the theories for 2D stress system. (3) c) A cylindrical shaft 7 cm diameter is subjected to a maximum bending moment of 4 kN-m and a twisting of 5 kN-m. Find the maximum principal stress developed in the shaft. If the yield stress of the shaft material is 600 Mpa, determine the factor of safety of the shaft according to the shearing stress theory of failure. (6) 2.a) Explain the R.R. Moor’s and Wohler fatigue experiments. (4) b) Show the σ-N diagram with natural and log-log scales. Indicate the values of Fatigue strength and Fatigue life on these curves. (4) c) Distinguish between the infinite life and safe life design concepts. (4) 3.a) Compare Goodman, Soderberg and Gerber Fatigue design formulae. Show them on a graph. (4) b) A shaft 70 mm in diameter of normalized steel 0.37% C transmits power at 150rpm. If the torque is 1.75 times the mean torque and maximum shear stress theory is applied, determine the overall factor of safety k for the following data: σy = 300Mpa σu = 600Mpa σe = ±260 Mpa. (8) 4.a) Discuss various mechanical and metallurgical/ chemical methods for improvement for Fatigue strength in metals. (6) b) Explain the process of Auto frettaging for the enhancement of fatigue strength of gun barrels. (6) 5.a) Explain Griffith Theory of Brittle Fracture. (4) b) State Orwan’s modification to Griffith Theory. (2) c) Using Griffith Equation determines the critical crack length for steel for the following:

σ critical = 1100Mpa

 γ = Surface energy per unit area = 1.4 J/m 2 E = 210Gpa

What would be the critical crack length according to Griffith-Orwan equation Take p = plastic work required to extend the crack wall = 1200 J/m 2 .

(6)

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 6.a) Describe the three modes of fracture by appropriate sketches. (4) b) Discuss the Fatigue crack-growth phenomenon through the following relations by graphs (i) Instantaneous crack length versus no. of cycles of failure. (ii) dc/dN versus Stress Internsity Factor range. (8) 7.a) Explain Iwin and Dugdale approach in determining the plastic zone size at the crack tip. (6) b) Explain the effect of material thickness upon plastic zone size and shape. (6) 8. Write a short note on the following a) Creep resistant materials b) Factors affecting the fatigue likes of welded joints c) Multi axial creep. (12)

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