Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

Name: Luis Rojas Avila Period:7

For relatively low-end computer systems, the ability to create output images can be integrated into
the motherboard or central processing unit (also called CPU). Define the following words. Then
write down what each word is used for and what are some of the different options or
sizes.

Computer Components Checklist


Component Definition or Answer
Processor/CPU It is the (central processing Unit) Its commonly
referred to as the Brains of the computer.
What is it Carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing
the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations
used for? specified by the instructions.
What are Pentium size of 32 to 64 bits, Opteron/ Athlon64 size of
64 bits.
some
options/sizes
Operating system The software that supports a computer's basic functions, such as
scheduling tasks, executing applications, and controlling peripherals.
What is it Manages all of the software and hardware on the computer.

used for?
What are Linux, Windows, VMS, OS/400, AIX, and z/OS.

some
options/sizes
Memory Any Physical device capable of storing information temporarily or
permanently.
What is it It is used to store data and information
used for?
What are Hard disk drives, floppy disks, RAM

some
options/sizes
Hard Drive A high-capacity, self-contained storage device containing a read-
write mechanism plus one or more hard disks, inside a sealed unit.
What is it Is a data storage device Used for storing and retrieving digital
information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks
used for?
What are Parallel (Ultra) ATA disks: These are found in Power Mac G4 computers

some Serial ATA disks: These come with Power Mac G5 computers.
Name: Luis Rojas Avila Period:7

options/sizes
Optical Drive Computer disk drive that reads and writes data from optical disks
through laser beaming technology.
What is it Allows you to play music or watch movies using pre-recorded discs.

used for?
What are CDs, DVDs, Blu-ray discs
some
options/sizes
Monitor A monitor usually comprises the display device, circuitry, casing,
and power supply.
What is it Comprises the display and power supply
used for?
What are CRT (Cathode Ray Tube)
some LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)

options/sizes LED (Light-Emitting Diodes)

Monitor
What is it
used for?
What are
some
options/sizes
Video Card A printed circuit board controlling output to a display screen.
What is it For relatively low-end computer systems, the ability to create output
images can be integrated into the motherboard or central processing
used for?
unit (also called CPU).
What are Video Graphics Array (VGA) (DE-15)
some Digital Visual Interface (DVI)

options/sizes Video In Video Out (VIVO) for S-Video, Composite


video and Component video

Sound Card A device that can be slotted into a computer to allow the use of audio
components for multimedia applications.
What is it For sound
Name: Luis Rojas Avila Period:7

used for?
What are Audio interfaces, MIDI interfaces
some
options/sizes
Speakers A device that converts analog audio signals into the equivalent air
vibrations in order to make audible sound.
What is it To listen to music and other sounds
used for?
What are 2.1 Speakers, 5.1 Speaker, 7.1, Wireless
some
options/sizes
Keyboard A panel of keys that operate a computer or typewriter.
What is it To type in words
used for?
What are Basic and extended, QWERTY keyboard layout
some
options/sizes
Mouse An input device that is most often used with a personal computer
What is it
Can move the on-screen cursor to different items on the screen.
used for?
What are Mechanical mouse, Optical mouse
some
options/sizes
Modem A modem is a device or program that enables a computer to
transmit data over
What is it Enables a computer to transmit data over,
Computer information is stored digitally, whereas information
used for? transmitted over telephone lines is transmitted in the form of analog
waves.
What are A Cable Modem and DSL Modem

some
options/sizes

Save this as Computer Components in your ECS folder and then print a
copy to turn in!