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Unidad 1. Sesión 1. Topic: A trip to the past • Pasado Continuo o Progresivo

Unidad 1.

Sesión 1.

Topic:

A trip to the past

• Pasado Continuo o Progresivo

• La terminación –ING en el pasado progresivo

IntroduccIón

terminación –ING en el pasado progresivo I ntroduccIón En esta unidad realizaremos un estudio del tiempo

En esta unidad realizaremos un estudio del tiempo pasado continuo o progresivo. De igual manera lo contrastaremos con la forma del pasado simple en algunos contextos y situaciones de uso habitual y cotidiano.

Iniciemos con la estructura del Pasado Continuo:

PASADO CONTINUO – (PAST CONTINUOUS or PROGRESSIVE)

El Pasado Continuo, es un tiempo verbal que describe acciones que estaban siendo realizadas en un momento del pasado y que pudieron o no continuar siendo ejecutadas, por ejemplo:

• Yesterday he was playing tennis (Ayer él estaba jugando tenis)

Comenzó a jugar antes de ese momento y continuó estudiando posteriormente

• Kelly was playing tennis at 11 a.m. (Kelly estuvo jugando tenis a las 11 a.m.)

Comenzó a jugar tenis antes de las 11 a.m. y continuó haciéndolo después)

El Pasado Continuo se forma con el verbo auxiliar “to be” en su forma pasada y el verbo principal con la terminación ING:

I

   

He

talking, eating, learning, doing, going

She

was

It

 

You

   

We

were

talking, eating, learning, doing, going

They

[ 13 ]

    We were talk ing , eat ing , learn ing , do ing ,
Observemos algunos ejemplos de oraciones afirmativas, negativas y preguntas: EJEMPLOS: Oraciones afirmativas o positivas:

Observemos algunos ejemplos de oraciones afirmativas, negativas y preguntas:

EJEMPLOS:

Oraciones afirmativas o positivas:

I was talking. (Estaba hablando.)

He was eating. (Estaba comiendo.)

They were learning. (Estaban aprendiendo.)

Oraciones Negativas: La forma negativa se construye colocando la partícula NOT después del verbo TO BE. Puede usarse también la forma contraída WASN’T o WEREN’T.

[

I was not [wasn’t] talking. (No estaba hablando.)

He was not [wasn’t] eating. (No estaba comiendo.)

They were not [weren’t] learning. (No estaban aprendiendo.)

Forma de preguntas:

Were you talking? (¿Estabas hablando?) Was he eating? (¿Estaba comiendo?) Were they learning? (¿Estaban aprendiendo?)

comiendo?) Were they learn ing ? (¿Estaban aprendiendo?) En qué se diferencia el Pasado Simple del

En qué se diferencia el Pasado Simple del Pasado Progresivo? El pasado simple se utiliza para mencionar lo que ya finalizó y el Pasado Continuo para relatar lo que siguió ejecutando en el pasado.

EJEMPLOS:

When I left, he was studying the lesson. Cuando yo partí, el estaba estudiando la lección.

14 ]

They were singing when I broke the window.

Ellos estaban cantando cuando yo rompí la ventana.

They were singing when I broke the window. Ellos estaban cantando cuando yo rompí la ventana.

[ Inglés III - B1 ]

Para la forma del verbo con la terminación –ing es importante tener en cuenta las
Para la forma del verbo con la terminación –ing es importante tener en cuenta las

Para la forma del verbo con la terminación –ing es importante tener en cuenta las siguientes situaciones:

1. Start = starting

2. Study= studying (cualquier verbo que termine en –y se deja la -y y se agrega -ing)

3. Live = living (si el verbo termina en –e se elimina la -e y agregamos –ing)

4. Run= Running (si el verbo monosílabo termina en consonante + vocal +consonante se duplica la última consonante y agregamos –ing)

Ahora practiquemos con algunos ejercicios!

Activity 1

Complete the story with the verbs in parenthesis. Use the past continuous:

One evening, I (1) was going (go) home with my cousin Ana. We (2) the forest when we heard a strange noise. We looked around but it was dark and it (3)

(rain), so we didn’t see anything. We continued going home but then suddenly we stopped. Two people were

(walk) through

in the path and they (4)

stories in our village. The most horrible story is about two women who were killed by a murderer while they (5) (work) on their house. Maybe it was them? We thought about running away when one of

the people said my name. It was my brother Mario – he (6)

(talk) loudly. We were really scared. There are many scary

(wait) for me to come home!

Activity 2

Desarrolle esta actividad en el aula virtual del curso:

2 Desarrolle esta actividad en el aula virtual del curso: Complete the sentences with the verb

Complete the sentences with the verb in brackets. Use the past continuous.

[ 15 ]

del curso: Complete the sentences with the verb in brackets. Use the past continuous. [ 15
Activity 3 Read the interview and answer the questions: Science Fiction Facts The TV program

Activity 3

Read the interview and answer the questions:

Science Fiction Facts

The TV program Science Fiction Facts interviewed Patricia Smith about her incredible experience last week.

• Presenter:

Patricia, tell us exactly what happened.

• Patricia: Well, it was 3.25 p.m. on Sunday, 21st March, and I was sitting outside a Café in Southward,

a quiet village. It was a bit cloudy and I was having a cup of tea with my friend, Michael Ford. Suddenly we heard a strange noise! There was a round, yellow object in the sky! It was a

spaceship!

• Presenter:

Wow! What happened next?

• Patricia: The spaceship landed only 100 metres from us and an alien got out! It had a red body and

a yellow head. There was a strange yellow light everywhere. It was amazing! Michael was looking for his camera when the alien just disappeared!

• Presenter: Oh no! Patricia . We couldn’t believe it!

1 What was the date when this happened?

2 What time was it?

3 What was Patricia doing?

4 What colour was the alien’s head?

5 What colour was the alien’s body?

6 Did Michael take a picture?

[

16 ]

was the alien’s head? 5 What colour was the alien’s body? 6 Did Michael take a

[ Inglés III - B1 ]

Sesión 2 Topics: • Pasado Continuo o Progresivo vs Pasado Simple • El uso de

Sesión 2

Topics:

• Pasado Continuo o Progresivo vs Pasado Simple

• El uso de when / while

IntroduccIón:

En esta sesión realizaremos un contraste entre la estructura del tiempo pasado simple y la forma del pasado continuo o progresivo. Iniciaremos revisando el uso del “when” y “while” para poder analizar el contraste entre estos dos tiempos verbales del pasado.

en el tiempo pasado continuo significa “mientras” y se usa para indicar que “mientras” se hacía unael contraste entre estos dos tiempos verbales del pasado. acción, otra persona estaba realizando otra a

acción, otra persona estaba realizando otra a la vez.

Ejemplos:

otra persona estaba realizando otra a la vez. Ejemplos: I was taking a shower while my

I was taking a shower while my mom prepared the dinner Me estaba dando una ducha mientras mi mamá preparaba la comida

While I was walking, I found a wallet on the floor Mientras estaba caminando, encontré una billetera en el piso

en el tiempo pasado continuo significa “cuando” y se usa cuando una acción se vio interrumpida porestaba caminando, encontré una billetera en el piso otra. Ejemplos: I was watching TV when the

otra.

Ejemplos:

I was watching TV when the phone rang Estaba viendo televisión cuando el teléfono sonó

When Alfred arrived, I was doing my homework Cuando Alfredo llegó, yo estaba hacienda mi tarea

Realicemos ahora algunos ejercicios de profundización:

[ 17 ]

yo estaba hacienda mi tarea Realicemos ahora algunos ejercicios de profundización: [ 17 ] [ Inglés
Activity 4 Complete the sentences with when or while 1 I rang my mum on

Activity 4

Complete the sentences with when or while

1 I rang my mum on my mobile

2 The drum kit broke

3 We were cooking dinner

4 We were driving over a hill

5 The boys got lost

6 I was lying in bed

I was waiting at the crossroads.

we were playing in the concert.

Jim arrived.

suddenly we saw the sea.

they were walking in the mountains.

I heard a strange noise downstairs.

Activity 5

Organize the sentences correctly. The first words of each sentence are already given:

Example:

0. Patty When mother cooking arrived her was When Patty arrived, her mother was cooking

1. he sun shining The was got up when

The sun

2. While phone lunch, the Max was rang eating

While

3. playing While football, it they began were to rain

While

4. When called walking down was the street he an accident saw Jack

When Jack

[

18 ]

5. came burglar into while were watching the room TV they A

A burglar

saw Jack When Jack [ 18 ] 5. came burglar into while were watching the room

[ Inglés III - B1 ]

Activity 6 Complete the sentences using the correct for of the verb in parenthesis. You

Activity 6

Complete the sentences using the correct for of the verb in parenthesis. You have to use the Simple Past or the Past Continuous according to each context:

1) When the doctor

2) While my cousin

(arrive), my sister

(study), my aunt

(have a shower)

(make) some muffins

3) He

(miss) the bus because he

(talk) with some friends

4) The thieves

(come) into the bank while the security guard

(sleep)

5)

you

(write) the composition last week?

6) The teacher

(not/be) in the classroom when the student

(fall) down.

Sesión 3

Topics:

• Repaso de tiempos verbales en presente y futuro

• Oraciones afirmativas, negativas y formas de pregunta

VERB REVIEW 1

SIMPLE PRESENT, PRESENT CONTINUOUS AND FUTURE TENSES

En este apartado nos dedicamos a revisar los tiempos verbales en presente y futuro del idioma inglés, los cuales son muy necesarios para poder observar y comparar diferentes situaciones y hechos específicos en el tiempo.

Observemos la siguiente gráfica:

[ 19 ]

situaciones y hechos específicos en el tiempo. Observemos la siguiente gráfica: [ 19 ] [ Inglés
    TIEMPO VERBAL USOS PRESENTE Present simple Presente Simple Acciones habituales. Verdades
   

TIEMPO VERBAL

USOS

PRESENTE

Present simple

Presente Simple

Acciones habituales. Verdades generales.

I

sing

Yo canto

Present continuous To be + -ing

Presente progresivo Estoy cantando

Acciones en proceso de realización. Acciones futuras (con adverbios de tiempo).

I

am singing

 

Futuro con “will”

Futuro

Acción futura

FUTURO

I will +infinitive

Cantaré

Predicciones

I will sing

Futuro con “be going to”

Futuro Voy a cantar

Planes futuros

I am + going to + infinitive

 

I am going to sing

 

[

Activity 7

  I am going to sing   [ Activity 7 Desarrolle esta actividad utilizando el CD

Desarrolle esta actividad utilizando el CD de audio del estudiante. Pista No. 1(Track 1)

Listen to the dialogues. Circle the correct answer, a or b.

Dialogue 1

The boy wants to know the time for…

a. football practice.

b. tennis practice.

Dialogue 2 The man wants to know the time of the next…

a bus.

b train.

20 ]

Dialogue 3 The woman wants to know the time of a…

a concert.

b film.

a bus. b train. 20 ] Dialogue 3 The woman wants to know the time of

[ Inglés III - B1 ]

Activity 8 Desarrolle esta actividad utilizando el CD de audio del estudiante. Pista No. 2

Activity 8

Activity 8 Desarrolle esta actividad utilizando el CD de audio del estudiante. Pista No. 2 (Track2)

Desarrolle esta actividad utilizando el CD de audio del estudiante. Pista No. 2

(Track2)

Listen to a radio report, Paul talking about the Global Warming Effect and choose if the following sentences are True or False:

1 These changes happened in the last century.

(TRUE)

(FALSE)

2 Farmers are worried about their animals.

(TRUE)

(FALSE)

3 Many Islands are not in danger , they are safe

(TRUE)

(FALSE)

4

Bears are acting differently.

(TRUE)

(FALSE)

5 Spain might become like part of Africa.

(TRUE)

(FALSE)

6

We can’t prevent this environmental disaster.

(TRUE)

(FALSE)

Activity 9

Read the e-mail and complete Kelly´s agenda. Check if the following sentences are ‘Right’ , ‘Wrong’ or ‘Doesn’t say’ if there is not enough information to answer.

Peggy! How are you?

What are you going to do this weekend? Are you going to go to the beach? Lucky you! On Friday afternoon I’m going to do my Maths homework – yes, really! I must finish it for the lesson on Monday. Then I’m going to relax and play some computer games. In the evening I’m going to the school disco. It starts at 7.30 p.m. and it’s fantastic! I’m going to wear my new jeans and my new earrings. They’re cool.

Are you going to go to Jake’s barbecue on Saturday afternoon? I’m going to take an omelette. What about you? My cousins, Jade and Cindy, are going to come with me and in the evening we’re all going to the cinema. Do you fancy coming?

I’m going to be busy on Sunday. I’m going to go ice skating in the morning. I really love ice skating and I usually go with my sister, but this weekend she’s going to go swimming instead. We’re going to have lunch at my grandma’s house and then I’m going to help my dad tidy the garage and the garden. If it rains we’re going to get really wet!

See you soon, Kelly

1. Kelly is going to do her Math’s homework on Friday afternoon.

(T)

(F)

(DS)

2. Kelly’s Maths lesson is going to be on Monday

(T)

(F)

(DS)

3. Kelly goes to the School disco every weekend at 7:30 p.m.

(T)

(F)

(DS)

4. Peggy is going to Jake’s Barbecue.

(T)

(F)

(DS)

5. Kelly is inviting Peggy to the cinema.

(T)

(F)

(DS)

[ 21 ]

(T) (F) (DS) 5. Kelly is inviting Peggy to the cinema. (T) (F) (DS) [ 21
Session 4 Topic: • Repaso de tiempos verbales en presente perfecto, pasado simple y progresivo

Session 4

Topic:

• Repaso de tiempos verbales en presente perfecto, pasado simple y progresivo

• Oraciones afirmativas, negativas y formas de pregunta

VERB REVIEW 2

SIMPLE, PAST CONTINUOUS AND PRESENT PERFECT

En este apartado continuaremos revisando las estructuras gramaticales vistas a partir de las formas del presente perfecto, pasado simple y continuo en oraciones afirmativas, negativas y en la forma de pregunta. Revisemos la siguiente tabla:

   

TIEMPO VERBAL

USOS

PRESENTE

Present perfect

Pretérito perfecto He cantado

Acción pasada relacionada con el presente.

have + participle irregular)

I

*(regular o

I

have sung

   

PASADO

Pasado simple Infinitive + ed *(regular o irregular)

Pret.Indefinido/imperfecto Canté / cantaba

Acciones pasadas terminadas. Narraciones en pasado.

I

sang

Pasado continuo

Pret. Indef. / imperfecto Estaba cantando

Acciones pasadas en proceso de realización.

I was + -ing

 
 

I was singing

 

Ahora pasemos a realizar algunos ejercicios de repaso y profundización:

Activity 10 Underline or circle the correct option to complete the sentences:

1 We’ll give you your DVD tomorrow. We didn’t watch / haven’t watched it yet.

2 They passed / have passed all their exams last year.

[

3 I had / have had my own blog since 2008.

22 ]

4 Henry didn’t play / hasn’t played in the football game yesterday.

play / hasn’t played in the football game yesterday. 5 It didn’t rain / hasn’t rained

5 It didn’t rain / hasn’t rained here since last month.

6 Miriam went / has been to Bilbao three times and she’s going there again next week.

[ Inglés III - B1 ]

Activity 11 Desarrolle esta actividad utilizando el CD de audio del estudiante. Pista No. 3

Activity 11

Activity 11 Desarrolle esta actividad utilizando el CD de audio del estudiante. Pista No. 3 (Track

Desarrolle esta actividad utilizando el CD de audio del estudiante. Pista No. 3 (Track 3)

Listen to Andrea talking about her school trip to USA. Choose if the sentences are True (T), False (F) or (NI) if there is no information:

1 Andrea goes to university.

(T)

(F)

(NI)

2 The USA audiences didn’t enjoy the concerts.

(T)

(F)

(NI)

3 Andrea plays a musical instrument.

(T)

(F)

(NI)

4 They cycled in Central Park.

(T)

(F)

(NI)

5 They travelled round New York on the underground.

(T)

(F)

(NI)

6

They drove to Washington.

(T)

(F)

(NI)

7. Andrea´s mum liked USA very much

(T)

(F)

(NI)

Activity 12 Desarrolle esta actividad en el aula virtual del curso:

You are on vacation and your friend Sara wants to know about your experience visiting the USA. Read this message from your friend Sara and use the space provided to write her back. Make sure you answer her questions. You need to write at least 45 words.12 Desarrolle esta actividad en el aula virtual del curso: Activity 13 Write the most suitable

Activity 13

Write the most suitable words in each gap. Use the words from the box:

ago,

yesterday,

last,

while,

already,

when,

in,

at

1) Tommy’s father worked in that office 2 years

2) The plane was flying

3) My best friend went to London

8 p.m.

month

4)

I

was having dinner, my sister was having a shower

5)

did

the supermarket close?

6) Your aunt studied German

2001

7) Rose played in an orchestra

she

was 12 years old

8) Jason was swimming

his

girlfriend was drinking a coke

9) My father’s friend had a baby 10) I have

finished my homework

 

[ 23 ]

a coke 9) My father’s friend had a baby 10) I have finished my homework