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Compiled by:

Cynthia C. James
2012
UPSR PRE-WRITING MODULE
SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION FOR REMEDIAL CLASS
by Cynthia C. James

PART 1: VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR


People (Singular & Plural) Pre-
Writing 1
Animals, Plants, Objects (Singular & Plural) Pre-
Writing 2 (Formula TiTa)
Places and Events
Actions (Verbs)
Articles: a / an
Verb to be: is and are
Verb + ing
Present Continuous Tense It is happening now! Pre-
Writing 3 (Formula S-V-W)
Exercises

PART 2: ONE STEP FURTHER


Compound Sentences: Using Conjunctions and and
while Complex Sentences: Describe the Subject
Spice it up with Adjectives and Adverbs
Exercises

PART 3: EXTRA SKILL-BASED EXERCISES


Vocabulary
Grammar

1
PART 1: VOCABULARY AND GRAMMAR

People (Singular and Plural)

General Vocabulary for People

SINGULAR (ONE) PLURAL (MORE THAN ONE)

baby babies

boy boys

girl girls

child children

man men
woman women

old man old men

old woman old women

(Pictures from: Kamus Bergambar KBSR English Bahasa Malaysia Pictionary, Buku MUST)
Practice 1: Label the people in the pictures below.
Practice 2: Look at the pictures. Fill in the blanks with the correct words.

There are three in the picture.

There are many in the picture.


A is serving the food.
A is taking photographs.
There are three in the picture.
The is sleeping with a newspaper on his face.
The is cooking in the kitchen.

*NUMBERS AND QUANTIFIERS


1 One
2 Two
3 Three
4 Four
5 Five
6 Six
7 Seven
8 Eight
9 Nine
10 Ten
Several Beberapa Some Beberapa
A few Sedikit
Many Ramai / Banyak
Exercise 1: Label the people in the pictures below.

Exercise 2: Label the pictures below.

(Pictures from KBSR textbooks, Year 5 and Year 6)


Other List of Vocabulary for People

Occupations
(Pictures taken from free downloaded picture cards from http://www.mes-english.com)
Family

father - bapa
mother - emak
son - anak lelaki
daughter - anak perempuan
brother - abang / adik lelaki
sister - kakak / adik perempuan
cousin - sepupu
nephew - anak saudara lelaki
niece - anak saudara
perempuan uncle - bapa saudara
aunt - emak saudara
grandfather - datuk
grandmother - nenek

Exercise

Find and list down the plural forms for all of the words for people listed above in
your exercise book.

Find more words that categorize people and list the words down in your vocabulary

book. Teachers Notes


Topics in the Textbook:
Year 6 Unit 1: Wonderfully Made
Year 5 Unit 1: Family First, Unit 7: People

Specifications in HSP:
3.2.2 Read and learn the meaning of key words for each topic taught.
Complete simple texts with the missing words.

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Pre-Writing 1

You may start writing sentences about the people in a picture. To do so, you may use
the sentence structure below:

a baby
is an child
one boy
girl
man
woman
old man
There old woman in the picture.
(number) babies
are several children
some boys
a few girls
many men
women
old men
old women

Notes:
There is and There are can be roughly translated as Ada in
Bahasa Melayu.
There is - singular.
There are - plural.
a, and an = one (1) or satu in Bahasa Melayu.

1
1
Example:

1. There are many children in the picture.


2. There are four women in the picture.
3. There are two men in the picture.

Try to write!
Look at the pictures. Based on the given example, try to write sentences about the
people in the pictures.

Picture 1 (UPSR 2005)

1. There are two boys in the picture.


2. There are four girls in the
picture.

Picture 2 (UPSR 2006)


Picture 3 (UPSR 2007)

Picture 4 (UPSR 2008)

Picture 5 (UPSR 2010)


Animals, Plants and Objects (Excerpts from Spotlight UPSR English,

Sasbadi) Vocabulary for Animals (Year 5 Unit 4: Animals and Us)

Exercise: Find the plural form for each animal above.


Vocabulary for Fruits and Vegetables (Year 4 Unit 3: Healthy Living, Year 6 Unit 3:
Fit as a Fiddle)

Exercise: Find the plural forms for each type of fruits and vegetables above.
Vocabulary for Objects in the Home (Year 5 Unit 1: Family First)

Exercise: Find the plural forms for each object in the home above.
Vocabulary for Transport (Year 4 Unit 6: Moving Around)

Exercise: Find the plural forms for each transport above.


Vocabulary for Musical Instruments (Year 6 Unit 5: Sounds of Music)

Exercise: Find the plural forms for each musical instrument above.
Vocabulary for Food and Drinks (Year 5 Unit 6: Glorious Food)

Exercise: Categorize the food and drinks above into countable and uncountable. For the
countable items, find the plural forms.
Pre-Writing 2: Formula TiTa

People, objects, plants, animals, transport, fruits and vegetables, food and drinks are
classified under the part of speech that is called Nouns. We have learned that nouns
can be singular or plural.

We can use the structure There is and There are to write sentences about nouns.
Lets call the structure Formula TiTa.

Example:

1. There is a woman in the picture.


2. There are two boys in the picture.
3. There is a girl in the picture.
4. There is a baby in the picture.
5. There are four men in the picture.
6. There is a boat in the picture.
7. There are three chickens in the picture.
8. There is a box in the picture.
9. There are two rolls of mats in the picture.
10. There are two bundles of clothes in the picture.
11. There is a box in the picture.

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Lets try to write!

Write as many sentences as you can for the pictures below, using Formula TiTa. Write
the sentences in your exercise book.

Picture 1 Picture 4

Picture 2 Picture 5

Picture 3 Picture 6

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PLACES (Pictures source: http://www.mes-english.com)
Vocabulary for Places
Include the names of places in your sentences to make them more interesting. For
example, instead of writing There are many children in the picture, you may write
There are many children at the playground.

Reinforcement: Redo the exercise on page 21. Change in the picture to names of
places according to the picture.

Homework: Find more names of places from the dictionary / Pictionary and write
them down in your vocabulary book.
Actions (Verbs) (Year 4 Unit 1: What Do You Like?, Year 5 Unit 10: What Games Do
You Play?, Year 6 Unit 4: Magical Movements) (Picture source: http://www.mes-
english.com)
Extra activity: Find more verbs / actions. You can use the picture dictionary. Write the
verbs / actions in your vocabulary book together with their meanings in Bahasa
Malaysia.
Pre-Writing 3: Formula S-V-W

Article/Number Subject be Verb Wh-questions


(A/An, two, (The doer) (is / are) (verb + ing) (What, Where,
three, many, Who)
several, a few)
A boy is holding a ball.
An old man is reading newspaper.
Four women are sitting on the bench.
Several girls are running.

Example 1:
Article/Number Subject be Verb Wh
cat An old is holding a
woman cat.
old Sentence:
woman An old woman is holding a cat.
hold

Example 2:
Article/Number Subject be Verb Wh
A rabbit is pulling a
pull carrot.

rabbi Sentence:
t carrot
A rabbit is pulling a carrot.

Example 3:

Article/Number Subject be Verb Wh


run
A girl is running. -

Sentence:
girl A girl is running.
Before we start writing, lets practice some basic grammar items first.

I. Articles:

a, an

Notes:
The article a and an means one.

The article a is placed before a word that starts with the consonant
sound. Example: a boy, a girl, a cat, a rabbit

The article an is placed before a word that starts with the vowel sound.
Example: an old man, an old woman, an orange, an apple

Exercise: Fill in the blanks with a or an.

computer
boy
cat
umbrella
Eskimo
elephant
tiger
pyramid
tall boy
old woman
old man
Iban boy
experiment
apple
orange
small umbrella
igloo
architect
taxi
car
30
office

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II. Be Verb

Examples of be verbs are is and are.

The verb is is placed after a singular subject.


Example: A boy is playing football.

The verb are is placed after a plural


subject. Example: Several boys are playing
football.

Exercise: Fill in the blanks with is or are.

1. Some women collecting rubbish.


2. A man dumping garbage into the drain.
3. A boy digging a hole.
4. Several boys cleaning the blackboard.
5. Some pupils sweeping the floor.
6. Three children wiping the windows.
7. A woman asking her worker to clean the stall.
8. A man buying some fish at the stall.
9. A fishmonger selling some fish at the stall.
10. A gardener trimming the hedge.
11. A few women watering the plants.
12. Puan Farah cooking chicken curry.
13. Siti and Halimah washing the dishes.
14. Dina cutting some vegetables.
15. Some waiters washing their hands.
16. Three policemen inspecting the vehicles.
17. A teacher pointing to the whiteboard.
18. Many children playing in the park.
19. Several doctors treating the patients.
20. Puan Salwa and her maid mopping the
kitchen floor.

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III. Verb + ing

We add the suffix -ing to root verbs when we want to write sentences using Continuous
Tense. When the verbs with the suffix -ing is put after the be verbs (is or are), it
will become Present Continuous Tense.

When do we use Present Continuous Tense? We use Present Continuous Tense when
we want to write about something that is happening now, at this moment.

It is best to use Present Continuous Tense when writing sentences for Section A of
UPSR Paper 2.

For most verbs, we can directly add the suffix -ing at the
end. Examples: play playing, read reading, sleep sleeping

For verbs that end with the letter e, we have to omit the letter e first before
adding the suffix -ing.
Examples: write writing, arrange arranging, bake baking

Sometimes, we have to double the final letters of some verbs before we can add
the suffix -ing at the end.
Examples: run running, swim swimming, put putting

The best way to identify which rule to apply when adding the suffix -ing at the end
of verbs is by reading a lot of English books, and by doing a lot of grammar practices.
Exercise: Add the suffix -ing at the end of the verbs. Find the meaning of each verb
in the dictionary. Write it down in your vocabulary book.

WORDS VERB + ING WORDS VERBS + ING


Add Cycle
Answer Dance
Arrange Decorate
Ask Deliver
Assemble Destroy
Bake Design
Bark Disqualify
Bathe Do
Bargain Dig
Beat Draw
Become Dream
Below Drink
Blow Drive
Boil Drop
Borrow Dry
Bring Eat
Brush Engage
Build Enjoy
Buy Enter
Call Exercise
Catch Explore
Cheer Fail
Clap Fast
Clean Feed
Clear Feel
Collect Fight
Comb Fish
Come Finish
Cook Fly
Cost Gather
Cover Get
Crawl Give
Cry Glue
Cut Greet
Grow Point
Guide Possess
Hear Practice
Help Pray
Hide Prefer
Hit Prepare
Hop Press
Hope Pretend
Introduce Put out
Iron Reach
Join Read
Jump Receive
Kick Remove
Lean Repair
Learn Repeat
Leave Repair
Lend Ride
Lie Ring
Lift Roar
Like Rise
Listen Roll
Live Rush
Make Say
March Score
Move Scream
Must See
Need Serve
Obey Sell
Open Sew
Paint Signal
Paste Shed
Pat Shop
Peel Show
Plan Sing
Plant Sleep
Play Slip
Point Spread
Tell Frighten
Speak Has
Spend Have
Sprint Hold
Stitch Post
Start Purr
Success Sort
Surround Spread
Sweep Sprint
Swim Stop
Take Succeed
Stir Teach
Talk Thin
Stuff Type
Subtract Water
Throw Wish
Turn Work
Twinkle Wrap
Use Write
Visit Floods
Wait Fold
Wake
Walk
Wash
Watch
Wave
Wear
Weave
Weigh
Wipe
Lets start writing!

Practice 1: Look at the pictures on page 22 26. Find the articles/numbers, subject,
verb and Wh for each picture. Then, write your sentences.

Practice 2: Look at the pictures below. Write as many sentences as you can by
using Formula S-V-W.

Picture 1 Picture 3

Picture 2 Picture 4
Exercise: Write as many sentences as you can for each picture below using Formula
TiTa and Formula S-V-W.

Picture 1

Picture 2
Picture 3

Picture 4
PART 2: ONE STEP FURTHER

Compound Sentences: Using conjunctions and and while

And dan
While manakala

Example: Try to write as many sentences as you can for the picture below.

1. There are many children at the library.


2. There are many books at the library.
3. There are several shelves at the library.
4. There are several tables at the library.
5. There are several chairs at the library.
6. There is a counter at the library.
7. Some pupils are writing.
8. Two girls are discussing.
9. A boy is reading.
10. A boy is putting a book on the shelf.
11. A girl is holding a book near the counter.
12. A girl is sitting behind the counter.
Lets combine some of the sentences using the conjunctions and and while.

1. There are many children and many books at the library.


2. There are several shelves, tables, chairs and a counter at the library.
3. Some pupils are writing while two girls are discussing.
4. A boy is reading while another boy is putting a book on the shelf.
5. A girl is holding a book near the counter while another girl is sitting behind the counter.

Practice: Write as many sentences as you can for the pictures below. Then, try to
combine the sentences using the conjunctions and and while.

Picture 1

Picture 2

40
Complex Sentences: Describe the

Subject Study the following examples:

Example 1

Sentence 1:
A man is talking on the phone.

Sentence 2:
The man who is wearing spectacles is talking on the phone.

Example 2

Sentence 1:
A woman is smiling.

Sentence 2:
The woman who is wearing a scarf and baju kurung is smiling.

Sentences 2 in both examples above are complex sentences. We can write complex
sentences by adding a clause that describes the subject in the sentence. Note that
the article a is changed to the. When a subject is described, it becomes specific.

The structure:
The Subject who is (description) is verb+ing
are are

41
Lets practice!
Fill in the blanks with the words / phrases in the box.

are is wearing a hat trimming the has a ponytail dancing


hedges
has a moustache pointing smiling washing the baju kebaya
dishes

The man who is wearing a turban is .

The women who wearing


are .

The man who is


.

The man who is


.

The girl who is


.
Practice: Find phrases to describe the people in the pictures below. Then, form a
complex sentence for each picture. Use the words given to help you.

Example:

- man wearing spectacles - writing

The man who is wearing spectacles is writing.

- girl has a ponytail - painting

- man wearing a necktie using the fax

machine

- children wearing bowties - singing


- boy wearing a cap - fishing

- woman wearing baju kebaya - cooking

- girl wearing baju kurung chopping the onions

- girl wearing a scarf - writing

- girl wearing a headband reading a book


- two boys wearing neckties reading books

- girl has a ponytail girl wearing a scarf - talking

- woman has a hair bun sewing

- woman wearing an apron holding a bowl

- old woman wearing spectacles has a hair bun making ketupats


- two boys have curly hair painting murals on the wall

- girl wearing a scarf pouring drinks into the glasses

- girl has a ponytail stirring paint with a

brush - girl wearing a pinafore polishing a

trophy

- girl wearing baju kurung wrapping a box


Spice it Up! Use Adjectives (Picture source: http://www.mes-
english.com) List of Adjectives
Adjectives to Describe People (Words are taken from Year 6 textbook, page 4)

Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the box.

spiky wavy pointed straight

slanted curly round flat

1. The boy has eyes.

2. The boys hair is .

3. The boy has hair.

4. The boy has a nose.

__.
5. The boys nose is

6. The woman has long, hair.

7. The man has big, eyes.


8. The mans hair is very .
Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the box.

square freckles oval round


muscular thin plump

1. The boy has a body.

2. The man has a body.

3. The boy is .

4. The girls face is full of .

5. Sponge Bobs face is .

6. The boy has a face.

7. The man has an face.


Feelings (Year 6 textbook, page 5)

Find the meanings in Bahasa Malaysia

Feelings Perasaan Character Sifat


angry arrogant
anxious brave
bored clumsy
shy courageous
scared diligent
puzzled hardworking
surprised intelligent
happy clever
sad smart
excited funny
gloomy strict
joyful selfish
sleepy pleasant
tired rude
hungry polite
ill talkative
worried quiet
confident humble
hungry friendly

50
Find the meanings in Bahasa Malaysia

Looks Rupa Conditions Keadaan


attractive dirty
beautiful clean
big tidy
nice neat
dark cold
elegant hot
fair crowded
gorgeous empty
handsome hectic
tall bad
short good
small terrible
spacious excellent
neat new
large old
tiny comfortable
good-looking enjoyable
ugly dull
hideous interesting

Homework: Find as many adjectives as you can. List the adjectives in your vocabulary book.

Enrichment: Read about positive adjectives, comparative adjectives and


superlative adjectives. Make a scrap book and present your work to the class.

51
Back to writing!
Now, how do we use adjectives in our writing? There are three simple ways.

I. Add appropriate adjectives before any nouns in the

sentence. Example 1:

Sentence 1:
There are several tables at the library.

Sentence 2:
There are several big tables at the spacious
library.
(big besar, spacious luas)

In the example above, the adjective big is added before the noun tables, and
the adjective spacious is added before the noun library.

Example 2:

Sentence 1:
A few pupils are reading books.

Sentence 2:
A few hardworking pupils are reading
books. (hardworking rajin)

In this example, the adjective hardworking is added before the noun pupils to
describe the pupils in the picture.
Practice: Add appropriate adjectives to the nouns in the sentences below.

A woman is standing on a chair.

(Adjectives: frightened takut, small kecil)

A frightened woman is standing on a small chair.

A boy is laughing at the woman.

(Adjective: mischievous nakal)

A girl is looking at the kitchen floor.

berterabur)

A mouse is standing beside a box.

(Adjective: tiny kecil, rectangular berbentuk segiempat tepat)


There are three glasses on the table.

(Adjectives: clear jernih, small - kecil)

There are two cans of paint on the piece of newspaper.

A boy is painting a hibiscus on the wall.

(Adjectives: creative kreatif, beautiful - cantik)

A boy is painting a wau on the wall.

(Adjectives: artistic berjiwa seni, interesting - menarik)


II. Write sentences to describe the people in the picture using appropriate

adjectives. Examples:

The pupils are hardworking.

The woman is frightened.

The boys are artistic.

The children are diligent.

The family is busy.


III. Write sentences to describe the nouns in the picture (the place, objects,
plants, animals, etc) using appropriate adjectives.

Examples:

The library is spacious.


The tables are big.

kitchen
The kitchen floor is messy.
The mouse is tiny.
The box is rectangular.

The durians are delicious.


The stall umbrella is
huge. The baskets are
full.
Practice!

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate adjectives.

The family is .
The boy is playing with the kittens.
The girl is watering the
flowers.

The kitchen is .
The boy is .
The refrigerator is .

The waterfall is .
The boys are .
The girl is .

The bamboo plants are .


The painters are .
The paintings are .
Spice it up again! Use adverbs.

Adjectives describe nouns. Adjectives tell us how someone or something looks like or
feels like.
Adverbs describe verbs. Adverbs tell us how something is being
done. Adjectives are usually placed before nouns.
Adverbs are usually placed before or after verbs.

Examples:

Sentence 1: The pupils are studying.

(How?)

Sentence 2: The pupils are studying diligently.


(diligently dengan tekunnya)

Sentence 1: The boy is laughing.

(How?)

Sentence 2: The boy is laughing mischievously.


(mischiveously dengan nakalnya)

Sentence 1: The women are

working. (How?)

Sentence 2: The women are working busily.


(busily dengan sibuknya)
List of Adverbs

walking slowly running fast sleeping soundly playing happily

reading writing lazily


talking softly listening carefully
diligently

jumping high drinking thirstily eating hungrily watching TV comfortably

speaking loudly singing sweetly dancing gracefully cycling skillfully


laughing heartily crying sadly swimming athletically studying hard

building fighting bravely vacuuming thoroughly catching a ball


sandcastle efficiently
creatively

throwing a drawing artistically waiting patiently climbing quickly


ball skillfully

playing a piano typing on the


kicking a ball playfully cooking excitedly
melodiously computer
attentively

60
dialing repeatedly pushing forcefully pulling effortlessly giving generously

winning proudly admiring vainly colouring neatly examining closely

damaging repairing throwing rubbish


finding victoriously
tragically cleverly
responsibly

washing cleanly questioning smartly taking thinking


photographs thoughtfully
seriously

cutting stylishly hitting fiercely holding tightly spilling accidentally

61
Lets write!

Use appropriate adverbs to rewrite the sentences for the pictures below. You may use the
words given to guide you.

Two girls are talking in the


library. (quietly)

Two girls are talking in the library quietly.

A woman is choosing some


durians. (carefully)

A man and a boy are eating some durians.


(heartily)

A woman is walking towards the durian


stall. (slowly)

Mother is sewing the


clothes. (attentively)
Grandmother is weaving the
ketupats. (skillfully)

A girl is pouring the drinks into the


glasses. (carefully)

A woman is cooking.
(cheerfully)

A boy is cleaning the


vegetables. (thoroughly)

The mother is watching her children.


(lovingly)

The children are playing in the water.


(excitedly)
The pupils are working.
(cooperatively)

Two boys are


painting. (artistically)

A woman is pointing at the


mouse. (fearfully)

A boy is arranging the books on the shelves.


(neatly)

A boy is reading a comic book on the


bed. (happily)

A boy is writing in his book.


(diligently)

Two boys are fishing on the


bridge. (patiently)
Exercise: Write sentences for the pictures below. Use the given adjectives and adverbs
to make your sentences more interesting.

beautiful, interesting, attentively


artistically

elegant, ready, competitively


gracefully

cheerful, sweetly, melodiously huge, decorative, lovingly


Pictures from KBSR Textbook

(Pictures from Year 4 textbook)


(Pictures from Year 5 textbook)

ws
(Pictures from Year 6 textbook)
PART 3: EXTRA SKILL-BASED EXERCISES
(Source: CDrom for Program 1PPD 1005A, JPN
Sabah)
GRAMMAR EXERCISES

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

EXERCISE 1

Fill in the blanks with the present continuous tense form of the verbs in the brackets.

E.g : She is sweeping(sweep) the floor.

1. The baby (cry) because she is hungry.

2. What you (do) in the kitchen?

3. Sariah and her brother (visit) their aunt.

4. My father (write) a letter to my grandmother.

5. I(fry) an egg for you.

6. The pupils (arrange) the books for the teacher.

7. She (eat) dinner now.

8. Miss Ong (tell) her pupils a story.

9. The monkeys (pluck) coconuts for their owner.

10. The hunters (hunt) the tiger.

11. Do not make noise because my mother (sleep).

12. They (plan) a holiday to New Zealand.

13. The butcher (sell) some meats to a costumer.

14. I (look) after my baby sister.

15. He (study) in Universiti Malaya.


16. We (wait) for the show to begin.

17. It _ (go) to rain soon.


18. You (spend) too much time reading comics.

19. I (learn) how to drive a car.

20. The men (work) in the

farm. EXERCISE 2

Write out the sentences in the present continuous tense.

1. I do homework.

2. Kamal draw a cat.

3. My parents - talk their friends.

4. Salman help his mother.

5. We wait bus.

6. Adnan make a kite.

7. The birds fly south.

8. You dance.

9. We watch television.

70
10. The cat drink milk.

11. I read newspaper .

12. We collect firewood.

13. The maid scrub the floor.

14. My father take the dog for a walk.

15. Janet comb sisters hair.

16. The men repair the bridge.

17. The boy scout pitch the tent.

18. The boys swim in the sea.

19. They buy some food.

20. She feed a cat.

71
ADJECTIVES

A. Fill in the blanks with the correct adjectives.

1. Linda is ..than Leela. (slim, slimmer, slimmest)

2. The tomato soup is as as the soup my mother


makes. (tastier, tasty, tastiest)

3. Her results are than mine.(good, better, best)

4. This van is .than the other vans.(small, smaller, smallest)

5. Is Mount Everest the..mountain in the world? (high, higher, highest)

6. It is not good to laugh at people who are (fat, fatter, fattest)

7. He is the ..man I have ever met.(kind, kinder, kindest)

8. She is than I am. (old, older, oldest)

9. Marina is the ..in this family.(young, younger, youngest)

10. "You are such a boy," Puan Aminah said to Ali. (naughty,
naughtier, naughtiest)

11. It is ..to learn the guitar than the piano. (easy, easier, easiest)

12. This bag is expensive but that one is even .. (expensive, more expensive,
most expensive)

13. "It's the .. movie that I have seen so far," Mei Lan remarked. (good, better, best)

14. Johan is as ..as his father. (taller, tallest, tall)

15. He is the boy in school. (popular, more popular, most popular)

16. Kumari is the ..runner (fast, faster, fastest) runner in the school.

17. He is boy in the class.(intelligent, more intelligent, most intelligent)

18. Swee Fong is than Kit Lan. (young, younger, youngest)


19. The bag is too I can't carry it. (heavy, heavier, heaviest)

20. Which one is , this one or that one? (thick, thicker, thickest)
B ) Underline the correct answer

1. My sister is (clever, cleverer) than me.

2. Encik Yusof is the (rich, richest) man in our village.

3. Rosli is as (older, old) as I am.

4. Which is (better, best) Proton Saga or Proton Wira?

5. Tonight is (warm, warmer) than last night.

6. He is the (tallest, taller) boy among his friends.

7. My uncle is a (most careful, more careful) driver than my father.

8. Your dress is as (beautiful, more beautiful) as mine.

9. Which one is (big, bigger), this one or that one?

10. Year Three Red is (noisy, noisier) than Year Three Yellow.

11. Juita is a pretty girl but her sister Anita is even (prettier, prettiest).

12. Rosli : I like this car. It is the (better, best) car that I have ever used.

13. Look at the aeroplane. It is flying ((high, higher) up in the sky.

14. He felt very weak after the long sickness but now he is feeling (better, good).

15. Can you tell me which is the (longest, longer) river in Malaysia?

16. The bag is too (heavier, heavy). I can't carry it.

17. I have read the book. It is an (more intereting, interesting) story.

18. The Mathematics paper was the (easiest, easier) of all. Everybody
scored high marks for it.

19. Lina : What a lovely dress you have?


Susie : I think yours is as (more lovely, lovely) as mine.

20. All the teachers are busy but Mr.Lee is the (busier, busiest) among them.
C. Fill in the blanks with the most suitable adjectives from the box

straight tired hungry good dirty sickly noisy

old hot wealthy juicy heavy clever difficult

busy rich excellent cold long naughty

1. The ..girl answered all the questions correctly.

2. Can you please help me with the bag? It is very ..

3. The .man died in his sleep last night.

4. The test was . I don't think that I'll pass.

5. Dennis is so .that even his parents cannot control him.

6. Can I have a . Drink, please?

7. His room was dark and .

8. The children were hungry and

9. The man donated generously.

10. Can't you draw a ..line ?

11. Mr. Ravindra scolded the .class.

12. Zarina is a weak and child.

13. The oranges are sweet and .

14. Ranjit Singh is a ..player. He played well.

15. The .children ate greedily.


16. This is a .street.

17. He comes from a family.


18. Would you like a ..drink?

19. They are taking a holiday.

20. Her brother is a good student and an .sportsman.

Conjunctions
EXERCISE 1

A) Join these sentences with the words in brackets.

he old man is deaf. The old man is dumb. (and)

The old man is deaf and dumb.

1. He sells tea. He sells coffee. (and)

2. He sells tea. He does not sell coffee. (but)

3. Please come in. Please sit down. (and)

4. Please come in. Dont make a noise. (but)

5. We have a dog. We have a cat. (and)

6. I go to bed early. I get up early. (and)

7. I go to bed early. I wake up late. (but)

8. Tom walked to school. John walked to school. (and)

9. Richard is tall. Kim Bee is short. (but)


B ) Join th ese senten ces w ith and or b u t.

e took out some money. She paid the man.

She took out some money and paid the man.

1. My father has a car. My father has a motorcycle.

2. He took the stick. He chased away the dogs.

3. The farmer is poor. The farmer is honest.

4. We ran to catch the bus. We missed it.

5. Tigers are animals. Elephants are animals.

6. He studied hard for the examination. She failed.

7. I wanted to buy the book. The shop was closed.

8. She opened the box. She took out a sweet.

9. He went to the well. He fetched a pail of water.

10. We called out loudly. Nobody answered.

11. They have a dog. They havent a cat.

12. Poh Wah switched off the light. He went to bed.


EXERCISE 2

A) Join th e senten ces w ith or, so o r b ec au se .

He could not lift the box. It was too heavy.

He could not lift the box because it was too heavy.

1. Kumar did not sit for the exam. He was ill.

2. He came late. The bus broke down.

3. Nobody answered the door. I left.

4. He broke his arm. He was sent to the hospital.

5. You must water the plants. They will die.

6. The well is dry. It has not rained for months.

7. I trust Ahmad. He is honest.

8. They were lazy. They failed the examination.

9. Walk quickly. You will be late.

10. My bicycle was punctured. I had to walk all the way.

11. Tell me the truth at once. You will be punished.

12. He did not come to the meeting. He was not well.

B) Join each pair of sentences using the conjunction given in


brackets.

1. He is in bed. He is sick. (because)

2. Are these ants? Are these termites? (or)


3. It is warm. You can switch on the air-conditioner. (so)

4. The blue dress was torn. She wore the green one. (so)
5. Wear a coat. You will be cold. (or)

6. Mr. Tans car broke down. He took a taxi home. (so)

7. We painted the fence. We wanted to please our father. (because)

8. The baby is crying. The baby is hungry. (because)

EXERCISE 3

A) Underline the correct answer in the brackets.

1. The girls enjoyed the show the boys did not. (but, so, if)

2. You can have coffee tea. You cannot have both. (either.or,

neither.nor)

3. Latifah helped Harun she was in a hurry. (although, if, next)

4. Neela Sonia wants to mop the floor. They both dislike housework.

(Either . or, neither . nor).

5. You will be fat. You eat too much. (if, or)

6. He has not written to us. He left this country. (since, or)

7. You cannot win the game. You try very hard. (unless, but)

8. We shall stay here. The rain stops. (until, so)

9. I shall punish you. You speak the truth. (unless, and)

10. He is very fat. He can run fast. (although, but)

11. Tara does not know the answer. Muthu does not know the answer. (Either or, Neither

.nor)
Prepositions

Fill in the blanks with the correct preposition.


th
1 My birthday is .. 7 of June.

2 I go to school . bus.

3 Ali sleeps . his lunch.

4 We play football .. the evening.

5 Rosli sits . Abu and Daud in class.

6 Rina was born .. 1994.

7 We walked . the beach last night.

8 My mother cut the apple .. a knife. 9

I sleep . 10 oclock.

10 The train went the tunnel

11 Mr Lawrence comes England.

12 Hashim bathes he changes his clothes.

13 The UPSR is .. September.

14 The apples are the bag.

15 We are going to Penang .. Friday.

16 The books are the table.

17 We played hide and seek .. our friends.

18 Encik Ahmad lives 88, Jalan Mahameru.

19 I bought a necktie . my father.

20 We practice .. 4 oclock 6 oclock.


21 The girls took a bus Port Dickson.
22 The boys jumped . the pool.

23 The birds flew . the trees.

24 Dont lean .. the wall, Sarif .

25 Exercising is good .. our body.

26 Children . 12 need to pay half-price.

27 The museum is .. Jalan Maju.

28 The thief came in the shop the window.

29 My house is . the post-office.

30 I sit .. Siti in class.

31 The car knocked . the lorry.

32 I put the umbrella the door.

33 Be careful when we the road.

34 The boy is standing . the door.

35 Yusris birthday is .. Thursday.

80
VOCABULARY EXERCISES

Topic : Objects

Word Meaning Word Meaning


Aquarium Arrow
Bag Ball
Balloon Baton
Basket Blackboard
Book Bow
Brush Broom
Bulb Bucket
Button Cage
Camera Candle
Card Chair
Chess set Chalk
Comics Compass
Computer Cotton wool
Crutches Cupboard
Dart Dartboard
Desk Diskette
Dustbin Duster
Eraser Fan
Fireworks Fire extinguisher
Football Flag
Gas stove Gift
Gloves Gun
Hammer Helmet
Hockey stick Hoop
Iron Knife
Lamp Life jacket
Lock Mat
Magazine Mask
Nail Needle
Newspaper Oil-lamp
Oven Paper
Pen Pail
Pencil Piano
Pin Pliers
Plug Polish
Pot Prayer mat
Present Radio
Raincoat Racquet
Rope Ruler
Saw Scissors

81
Screwdriver Sea-shell
Sharpener Shuttlecock
Socket Spanner
Spikes String
Swing Table
Tank Television
Thread Torchlight
Tools Umbrella
Watercolours Wheelchair
Wire Wok
Wood

Underline the correct answers.

1. Mr. Lee : What did you use to cut wire?


Mohan : I used a ( knife, scissors, plier )

2. My mother used a to wash clothes.


( washing machines, blender, vacuum )

3. My father always watches at night.


( radio, television, lights )

4. He used a to hit the nail.


( hammer, wood, stick )

5. Please pour the hot water from the into the flask.
( jug, kettle, bowl )

6. Can you switch on the . Today is very hot.


( fan, light, tap )

7. Please throw the rubbish into the .


( pail, dustbin, drain )

8. We use a to cut wood.


( knife, scissors, saw )

9. Ahmad is using a to sharpen the pencil.


( sharpener, hammer, screwdriver )
10. I need a pair of to cut the clothes.
( scissors, hammer, tool )
Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

1. You must use a to straighten the line.


( ruler, pencil, pen )

2. You can eat with a and a , said


my mother. ( spoon, fork, scissors, knife )

3. We use a to sweep the floor.


( broom, duster, hockey stick )

4. You can use this to tighten the screw.


( pliers, spanner, screwdriver )

5. I need an to rub off the error , said Ruby.


( eraser, axe, umbrella )

6. She is carrying a of water.


( bucket, basket, cage )

7. We need an if it is raining.
( raincoat, umbrella, oven )

8. Mr. Chong keeps his money in his .


( purse, wallet, diskette )

9. He is sitting on the .
( chair, camera, fireworks )

10. The teacher is writing on the .


( cupboard, blackboard, dartboard )
Choose the suitable words to fill in the blanks.

racquet cupboard pot glass bowl

chopsticks knife comb needle plate

1. Mother put the fried fish on the .

2. To play badminton you must have a .

3. We always keep our clothes in the .

4. Please get me a of water.

5. People usually plant flowers in a flower .

6. Usually porridge are served in a .

7. She needs a to cut the fish.

8. Chinese people usually use a to eat.

9. He wants to comb his hair. He needs a .

10. Maznah pulls the thread through


the .
BUILDINGS
Words Meanings Words Meanings
Bank Beach
Bridge Apartment
Bungalow Bookshop
Bus station Stadium
Church Taxi stand
Cinema Minaret
Clinic Office
College Canteen
Condominium Storeroom
Factory Staffroom
Fire station Living room
Flats Sitting room
Hole Airport
Hospital Garage
Hostel Workshop
House Hangar
Hut Quay
Jail Gymnasium
Lighthouse Cabin
Longhouse Dormitory
Market Sty
Museum Den
Pagoda Coop
Palace Gallery
Parliament Igloo
Petrol station Aviary
Police station Barn
Post office Web
Prison Byre
Railway station Studio
Rest house Quarry
School Theatre
Semi detached Roof
Shop Camp
Shophouse Kindergarten
Shopping complex Burrow
Single-storey
Stall
Temple
Terrace house
Warehouse
Island
Light House
Kennel
Nest
Kitchen
Arch
Court
Tower
Ranch
Port
Planetarium
Platform
Tent
Cannery
Classroom
Wigwam
Abattoir
Orphanage
EVENTS AND ACTIVITIES
(A) Write the meaning of the words below.

Number English Bahasa Malaysia


1. An accident
2. Annual Sale
3. Art Competition
4. Batik Printing
5. Birthday Party
6. Book Fair
7. Book Sale
8. Camping
9. Canteen Day
10. Circus
11. Colouring Contest
12. Essay Writing Competition
13. Explosion
14. Earthquake
15. Fashion Show Contest
16. Floral Procession
17. Fathers Day
18. Fun-Fair
19. Football Match
20. Festivals
21. Fire
22. Flood
23. Gotong Royong Project
24. Hiking
25. Mountain Climbing
26. Jungle Tracking
27. Jogging
28. Kite Flying
29. National Day
30. New Years Day Celebration
31. Sports Day
32. Speech
33. Story Telling Contest
34. Singing Contest
35. Top-Spinning
36. Telematch
37. Teachers Day
38. Mothers Day
39. Fathers Day
40. Marching
41. Monsoon Season
42. Prize Giving Day
43. Night Market

(B) Underline the correct answers.

1. The people of Sabah celebrate the ( Harvest Festival, Tamu Festival ) in May every
year.
2. During the Festival of the Nine Emprerors Gods last year, many ( Indians,
Chinese) went to the temple to pray.
3. Next week Vikram Naidu will go to Batu Caves to celebrate (Thaipusam,
Deepavali).
4. Every year on Prophet Muhammads Birthday ( Muslims, Buddhism ) take part
in processions.
5. Mahmud will take part in the Kelantan (Drum, Piano) Festival next year.
6. The ( State, National ) Day Celebration in Kuala Lumpur was grand last year.
7. My brother will attend the Penang ( Grand Prix, Grand Day ) next Saturday.
8. Daiyuns father cleans his grandfathers tomb every ( Qingming, New Year ).
9. I will make a lattern for the ( Moon Cake Festival, Harvest Festival ) next year.
10. Every year the pupils buy their teachers presents for the ( Teachers
Day, Birthday ).

(C) Fill in the blanks correct words given in the box.

homeless fireman Community Hall candles

Malaysia Red Crescent Society sport day National

Library

loiter hospital accident

1. Many people were made .. in the fire yesterday.


2. .gave food and blankets to the flood victims.
3. Two young men were sent to the for treatment.
4. The headmaster always advises the pupils not to in
shopping complexes with their friends.
5. Last week Aida and Arina went to to borrow some story books.
6. Encik Azrul met with an when he was on his way home.
7. Three were injured in the fire.
8. The flood victims were taken to the nearby ..
9. Siti blew .. during her birthday party yesterday.
10. Amran emerged the sports boy of the year in the .. yesterday.
(D) Use the correct words to complete the sentences below.

1. Before the ... day, the teachers and pupils were busy decorating the
tent. ( sports, teachers )
2. They sang the National dan State anthem before the started. (
Prize Giving Ceremony, telematch )
3. Peter celebrated his . last week. ( birthday, wedding day )
4. There was a held at Dataran Merdeka yesterday. (
colouring contest, concert )
5. Many schools will take part in the . next week. It is opened
for pupils from Year 1 to Year 6. ( Story telling competition, top spinning
competition )
6. There was a loud .. from the house in the fire yesterday. (
explosion, noise )
7. Many teacher, parents and pupils brought their .. for the Gotong-
Royong project in the school. ( tools, food )
8. Ai Leen who was wearing a red dress, won the first prize in the
last night. ( Fashion Show Contest, Fashion Show Parade )
9. I usually buy a bouquet of flowers for my mother on the (
Mothers Day, Fathers Day )
10. My brother loves challenging activities. So he joins . (
Mountain Climbing, Swimming )
PHRASAL VERBS
Write the meaning is Bahasa Melayu next to the given phrasal verbs.

1. account for 36. come after


2. add in 37. come off
3. admit to 38. cope with
4. agree on 39. cross out
5. agree upon 40. cut down
6. agree with 41. cut out
7. aim at 42. deal with
8. aim for 43. depend upon
9. argue about 44. dip into
10. arm with 45. do with
11. arrive at 46. doze off
12. ask about 47. dream about
13. attend to 48. dry up
14. bear with 49. end up
15. believe in 50. fall out
16. belong to 51. fill in
17. blame for 52. fill up
18. blow up 53. finish off
19. borrow from 54. forget about
20. break up 55. free from
21. break down 56. get away
22. break out 57. get on
23. bring down 58. get through
24. bring up 59. give in
25. burn down 60. give up
26. call off 61. go about
27. call on 62. go against
28. calm down 63. grow up
29. carry away 64. gun down
30. carry out 65. hand over
31. change into 66. hold up
32. charge for 67. keep off
33. catch up 68. keep out
34. close down 69. leave behind
35. come across 70. let off

90
71. light up 111. regard with
72. listen to 112. return to
73. live on 113. ring up
74. look at 114. round up
75. look for 115. send for
76. look into 116. set aside
77. look up 117. settle down
78. make out 118. show off
79. marvel at 119. set up
80. meet with 120. smash up
81. mistake for 121. speak for
82. mix up 122. spread out
83. move on 123. stand by
84. noted for 124. stand for
85. object to 125. start with
86. open up 126. stay up
87. pack with 127. step in
88. part from 128. take away
89. pour out 129. take off
90. pay for 130. take over
91. pay up 131. tear down
92. piled up 132. turn down
93. pick out 133. turn into
94. plan for 134. turn out
95. play with 135. wait for
96. pleased with 136. wake up
97. plunge into 137. wrap up
98. point out 138. write down
99. pour in 139. work out
100. pull out 140. wind up
101. put down
102. put off
103. put on
104. put up
105. queue up
106. read out
107. receive from
108. reduce to
109. rain down
110. run down

91
EXERCISES:
A. Underline the phrasal verbs in the sentences.

1. The well-mannered boy gave up his seat to the old lady.


2. I have never come across a white rooster.
3. Kelly likes to show off her stamp album.
4. The injured man has been admitted to a nearby hospital.
5. The servant carried out her duty carefully.
6. The balloon caught fire and blew up in the mid-air.
7. The new boy cannot catch up with his lesson.
8. Abu will take over his father's restaurant next year.
9. The gardener pulled out a small tree.
10. She cut out a picture of a rose from the old magazine.
11. Sheep and goats live on grass.
12. This shopping bag was left behind by an old lady.
13. Aeina burst into tears on hearing the sad news.
14. Alex will call on his aunt during the holiday.
15. Food and medicine pour in for the fire victims.
16. We can build up our health by taking nutricious food.
17. Puan Zaiton gets along well with her new neighbour.
18. A thief can go through that big hole.
19. Please turn off the tap after washing your hands.
20. The show begins with a short speech by the headmaster.

B. Choose the correct phrasal verbs to fill in the blanks.

1. Please dont ( bring up, bring down, bring forward ) this matter again.
2. A stray cat was .. ( run into, run down, run across ) by a van.
3. Jimmy does not like to .. ( look at, look out, look through ) ugly
animals.
4. This ball is ( made up, made out, made from ) rubber.
5. You must .. ( stand up, stand by, stand for ) today, someone may not be
able to come.
6. You must ( come before, come down, come up ) seven oclock if
you want to buy fresh vegetables.
7. The aeroplane will . ( take off, take up, take out ) at half past seven.
8. Tell the children to . ( keep up, keep of, keep down ) the grass.
9. The race was ( called up, called off, called out ) because of the
bad weather.
10. The clown .. ( put up, put on, put off ) a funny dress.
C. Fill in the blanks with one of the words given in the brackets.

1. Do not argue . unimportant things. ( with , about, for )


2. A woman was set .. in a dark room. ( on, up, upon )
3. Puan Asmat cannot cope .. the death of her son. ( to, from, with )
4. We need a truck to carry .. those broken tables. ( to, of, away )
5. The carpet is spread .. on the grass to dry. ( upon, up, out )
6. The market is packed new stalls. ( by, with, up )
7. Try again. Dont give so easily. ( in, away, up )
8. Susan broke . when she failed in the examination. ( down, into,off )
9. A naughty boy cut the rabbits long ear. ( down, into, off )
10. The District Officer gave all the prizes when the festival ended. ( away,
in, up )

D. Choose and circle the best answer.

1. The policeman . a notice to the owner who drive recklessly.


A.reads out B. carries out C.falls out D. puts up

2. Ahmad finds it difficult to .. getting up early in the morning.


A.take out B.put away C.look back D.take to

3. Pak Mats shop rice, sugar and other foodstuff.


A.deals with B.deals in C.shows up D.put in

4. Quarrels will .. a family.


A.size up B.chalk up C.look up D.break up

5. The traveler who lost his way . the police for help.
A.turned up B.turned to C.broke up D.stepped up

6. Hard work always ..


A.takes off B.takes away C.pays off D.stands for

7. Please dont .. my invitation.


A.break up B.turn up C.turn down D.pay off

8. The nanny has to look after four children. She cannot the job.
A.do with B.cope with C.take over D.break off

9. The bus driver . while driving and met with an accident.


A.dozed off B.laid off C.kept off D.gave away
10. The beggar is roaming the place food.
A.looking for B.going about C.crosssing out D.hanging up
DIRECTIONS AND LOCATIONS
English Malay

1. Above

2. Across

3. After

4. Against

5. Along

6. Among

7. Around

8. At

9. Away

10.Back

11.Before

12.Behind

13.Below

14.Beside

15.Between

16.Bottom

17.By

18.Centre

19.Corner

20.Down
21.Downstairs

22.East

23.Edge

24.Everywhere

25.For

26. From

27. Here

28. In

29. In front of

30. Inside

31. Left

32. Middle

33. Near

34. Next to

35. Close to

36. North

37. North east

38. North west

39. Of

40. Off

41. On

42. Opposite
43. Out

44. Outside

45. Over

46. Right

47. River mouth

48. Round

49. South

50. South east

51. South west

52. Straight

53. There

54. Through

55. To

56. Towards

57. To the left

58. To the right

59. Under

60. Upon

61. Upper

62. Upstairs

63. West
TRANSPORT

WORDS (ENGLISH) MEANINGS (B. MELAYU)

1. BICYCLE
2. SHIP
3. AEROPLANE
4. BOAT
5. SPEEDBOAT
6. BUS
7. CABLE CAR
8. JEEP
9. BULLOCK CART
10. RAFT
11. HELIPCOPTER
12. TRICYCLE
13. HOVERCRAFT
14. SAMPAN
15. TAXI
16. CAR
17. COMMUTER
18. LRT
19. FERRY
20. FOUR WHEEL DRIVE
21. TRAILER
22. SUBMARINE
23. YACHT
24. JUNK
25. SPACESHIP
26. JET
27. ROCKET
28. COACH
29. MOTORBOAT
30. MOTORCYCLE
31. AMBULANCE
32. TRUCK
33. FIRE ENGINE
34. TANK
35. CARAVAN
36. TRACTOR
37. OIL-TANKER
38. TRAIN
39. SCOOTER
40. TRISHAW
41. VAN
42. CABLE CAR
43. LORRY
44. STAGECOACH
45. MONORAIL
46. TRAM