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Cell City Analogy

In a faraway city called Grant City, the main export and production product is the
steel widget. Everyone in the town has something to do with steel widget making
and the entire town is designed to build and export widgets. The town hall has
the instructions for widget making, widgets come in all shapes and sizes and any
citizen of Grant can get the instructions and begin making their own widgets.
Widgets are generally produced in small shops around the city, these small shops
can be built by the carpenters union (whose headquarters are in town hall).
After the widget is constructed, they are placed on special carts which can
deliver the widget anywhere in the city. In order for a widget to be exported, the
carts take the widget to the postal office, where the widgets are packaged and
labelled for export. Sometimes widgets don't turn out right, and the "rejects" are
sent to the scrap yard where they are broken down for parts or destroyed
altogether. The town powers the widget shops and carts from a hydraulic dam
that is in the city. The entire city is enclosed by a large wooden fence, only the
postal trucks (and citizens with proper passports) are allowed outside the city.

Match the parts of the city (underlined) with the parts of the cell.
1. Mitochondria _____________________________________________
2. Ribosomes _____________________________________________
3. Nucleus _____________________________________________
4. Endoplasmic
5. Golgi
6. Protein _____________________________________________
7. Cell
8. Lysosomes _____________________________________________
9. Nucleolus _____________________________________________
Complete the following table by writing the name of the cell part or organelle in
the right hand column that matches the structure/function in the left hand
column. A cell part may be used more than once.


Structure/Function Cell Part

1 Stores material within the cell

2 The sites of protein synthesis

3 Transports materials within the cell

4 The region inside the cell except for the nucleus

5 Organelle that manages or controls all the cell functions in a

eukaryotic cell
6 Digests excess or worn-out cell parts, food particles and
invading viruses or bacteria

7 Small bumps located on portions of the endoplasmic reticulum

8 Provides temporary storage of food, enzymes and waste


9 Produces a usable form of energy for the cell

10 Packages proteins for transport out of the cell

11 Associated with the production and metabolism of fats and

steroid hormones. It is 'smooth' because it is not studded with
12 There are ribosomes attached to the surface, giving it a bumpy
or 'rough' appearance. It is involved in protein synthesis

13 The membrane surrounding the cell

14 Name for the collection of DNA in the nucleus of eukaryotic


15 Consist of hollow tubes which provide support for the cell

16 Small hair-like structures used for movement or sensing things

17 Longer whip-like structures used for movement


In what organelle does cellular respiration take place?


How does the membrane of the cell differ from the nuclear membrane? What
advantages does this difference have for the nucleus?

What do ribosomes do? Are they found freely floating in the cytoplasm? OR are
they found attached to another organelle? OR both. Explain why this occurs.

What does the endoplasmic reticulum do?

What is the difference between rough ER and smooth ER? What is the ER doing
that is different in each case?

In what organelle do molecules move from the ER to the Golgi bodies?


What are lysosomes? What types of molecules would be found inside a

3 Stores and packages materials into transport vesicles for
secretion from cell
4 Jelly-like structure in which organelles are suspended
5 "Packaging" that allows materials to be transported inside
the cell
9 Organelle that has ribosomes attached to surface
10 Surrounds cell, controls movement of materials in and out of
11 Digest material within the cell
12 The structures within a cell

1 Transport materials within cell, store materials
2 Makes Proteins
6 Makes energy for cell activities
7 Contains structures that maintain cell shape and move
materials in cell
8 Controls the cell's activities, contains DNA