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VORTEX FLOWMETER

Leaders in the supply of equipment


for industrial production processes
Industrial Distributors
since 1927

Content
1. Overview..............................................................................................3
2. Measuring principle..............................................................................3
3. Technical parameters............................................................................3
4. Guide for lectotype.................................................................................4
5. Installation methods and steps:...............................................................6
6. Connection of signal wire.....................................................................11
7. Primary debugging.............................................................................11
8. Removal of malfunctions......................................................................11
9. Intelligent flow integrating instrument...................................................11
10. Wireless remote flow monitoring system:............................................13
11. Backup power supply.........................................................................13
12. Wall-mounted instrument box............................................................14
13. Model coding explanation..................................................................14

INSTRUTEK-LUGB VORTEX STREET FLOW METER


Product applicable range.........................................................17
Working principle.....................................................................17
Instrument characteristics........................................................17
Technical parameters................................................................18
Outline dimension....................................................................18
Type spectrum table.................................................................19
The selection of instrument......................................................19
Installation requirements..........................................................21
Wiring......................................................................................22
Parameter setting.....................................................................22
Field debugging and maintenance...........................................23

2
1. Overview
Stress type vortex street flow meter is one kind of speed type flow meter. It bases on Karman vortex street theory and adopts
piezoelectric crystal to detect the burble frequency of the fluid caused by flowing through the triangular prism in the pipeline and
then measure the flow of fluid. Vortex street flow meter is widely used in petrol, chemical industry, light industry and power heat
supply and so on.

Vortex street flow meter has the following characteristics:

High measuring accuracy, wide range;


Extensive measured mediums, can measure liquid, gas and steam;
High working temperature, medium temperature can be up to 350C; Flow direction
No moving parts, no abrasion, with high reliability; d
Burble
Meter body adopts stainless steel material, corrosion-proof. v

Figure 1
Burble generator

2. Measuring principle
When the fluid in the pipeline passes the burble generator (triangular prism), burble will generate due to the acceleration of partial
flow rate (as Fig.1). This burble will arise alternatively in two burble lines, which is called Karman vortex street.

The releasing frequency of Karman vortex street depends on the size of triangle prim and flow rate of fluid, while independent of the
medium feature parameter, such as the temperature, pressure. It can be indicated by the following formula:

f=StV/d....................(1)

Here: f:the releasing frequency of Karman vortex street - St:Strouhal number - V:medium flow rate - d:the width of triangle prim

Strouhal number is an important parameter of vortex street flow meter, which only relates to the medium Reynolds number Re.
Strouhal number St should be a constant As long as the Reynolds number of medium in the pipeline kept in the range of 2104 to
7106. Thus, we can detect the flow rate of fluid medium by measuring burble frequency signal and then calculate the medium flow
by medium flow rate.

3. Technical parameters
Nominal aperture: DN15, DN20, DN25, DN32, DN40, DN50, DN65, DN80, DN100, DN125, DN150,
DN200, DN250, DN300, DN350, DN400, DN450, DN500;
Applicability: Gas (air, oxygen, nitrogen, coal gas, natural gas, chemical gas and so on), liquid (water, high temperature water, oil,
food liquid, chemical liquid and so on), steam (saturated steam, overheated steam);
Measurable medium temperature: -40C ~ 280C, -40C ~ 350C;
Nominal pressure: 1.6MPa 2.5MPa 4Mpa;
Accuracy grade: Liquid 0.5 grade, gas, steam 1.0 grade;
Range of flow rate: Liquid: 0.6-6 m/s, gas: 5-60m/s, Steam: 5-70m/s;
Measuring range: See table 1, table 2;
Output signal:
Voltage impulse: lower electrical level 1V, higher electrical level 6V, width of impulse 0.4ms, load resistance >150;
Standard current: 4-20mA, conversion accuracy 0.5% full-scale value, load resistance 24V-500, field LCD
Display: instantaneous delivery 5 bit display (m3/h, kg/h, t/h), conversion accuracy 0.1%; integrated flux 9 bit display
(m3, kg, t), conversion accuracy 0.1%;

3
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Industrial Distributors
since 1927

Power supply:
When voltage impulse output: +12VDC; when 4-20mA output: +24VDC;
Field LCD display: 3.6V No.1 1 lithium cell power supply, working life more than 2 years;
Ambient temperature: When voltage impulse output: -30C +65C; when 4-20mA output: -10C +55; Field LCD
display: -25C +55C;
Material of meter body: 1C r18Ni9Ti (other materials supplied by agreement).

4. Guide for lectotype


4.1 Determine the aperture

Primaries of different apertures have different measuring range. The measuring range of every aperture will change along with the
variation of measured medium types, work condition temperature and pressure. For gas and liquid, firstly make sure the rough flow
range of medium, fixing the primary aperture by looking up table (table 1); for saturated steam, after making sure the work condition
temperature or pressure and rough flow range, the primary aperture can be fixed by looking up table (table 2); for overheated steam,
make sure the work condition temperature and pressure, and then ascertain its density by look up table 3, finally fix the primary
aperture by looking up table 2 through the density and rough flow range. (Note: In the table 2, the pressure is absolute pressure,
absolute pressure = pipeline pressure + atmospheric pressure.)

Calculation of mass flow:


QG=3.6Fr/K.....................................(2)

Here: QGmass flow (When K is the value indicated on the nameplate, unit is t/h;
When K value reduced by 1000 times, unit is kg/h)

FrImpulse
(Hz) Density (kg/m3)
K Instrument coefficient (Impulse number m3) Frequently-used reduction formula:

A: Volume flow under work condition state converts to the one under standard state:
QN = 2695 (P+0.1013) QV / (273 + t).....................................(3)
B: Density under work condition state converts to the one under standard state:
N = (273 + t) 0/2695 (P+0.1013).....................................(4)
C: Mass flow converts to volume flow:
QV = QG / .....................................(5)

Here: QVVolume flow under work condition state


(m3/h) QN Volume flow under standard state
(m3/h) N Density under Standard state (kg/m3)
t Temperature under work condition state (C)
PPressure under work condition state (MPa)
QGMass flow (kg/h)

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Table 1: Measuring range of liquid and gas

Unit: m3/h
Liquid Liquid
Gas (work condition) Gas (work condition)
Aperture mm (Water of normal temperature) Aperture mm (Water of normal temperature)
Measurable Range Examine Measurable Range Examine Measurable Range Examine Measurable Range Examine
15 0.4~5 0.5~4 4~35 5~25 125 24~350 30~240 150~2200 200~1600
20 0.75~8 0.8~6.5 5~60 8~40 150 38~450 45~360 250~3800 300~2400
25 1~11 1.2~10 6~90 10~60 200 75~850 90~720 400~6000 500~4000
32 1.5~20 1.8~14.5 12~180 16~100 250 130~1300 140~100 600~9000 700~5600
40 2.5~30 3~24 16~240 20~160 300 180~2000 200~1600 800~12000 1000~8000
50 3.5~50 4.5~36 30~450 35~280 350 250~2800 280~2300 1200~18000 1500~12000
65 6~70 7.5~60 40~700 50~400 400 320~3300 350~2800 1500~22000 2000~16000
80 10~140 12~100 70~1000 80~640 450 360~4000 400~3200 2000~30000 2500~20000
100 16~220 20~160 120~1800 150~1200 500 420~5000 500~4000 2500~38000 3100~25000

4.2 Determine appropriate configuration:

A. Determine to use remote transmission type or field display type;


B. When choosing remote transmission type, for saturated steam, should select temperature automatic compensatory density or
pressure automatic compensatory density; for overheated steam, should select temperature and pressure simultaneous compensatory
density; for other mediums, should ascertain whether they need compensation according to actual conditions.
C. When choosing intelligent flow integrating instrument, if only need to display parameters, such as flow, pressure and temperature,
LED display or LCD display intelligent flow integrating instrument can be selected; if need to review its historical data and with
memory function, intelligent flow integrating paperless recorder should be selected.
D. No matter which kind of intelligent flow integrating instrument is selected, if need RS485 or RS232 communication interface
should be taken into consideration.
E. No matter which kind of intelligent flow integrating instrument is selected, if need backup power supply should be taken into
consideration so as to measure normally when power failure suddenly. (With different configuration, the working time is different,
generally more than 24-48 hours.)
F. When selecting intelligent flow integrating instrument, if need instrument box should be taken into consideration so as to put
intelligent flow integrating instrument in it, hanging on the wall and prevent the arbitrary modification of setting parameters.
G. When selecting remote transmission type, should consider if need wireless, no-range flow monitoring system to realize the real-
time supervision and management of flow for every pipeline.
H. If the measured medium is flammable and explosive substance or measuring flammable and explosive gas exited in the measuring
environment, explosion-proof primary and measuring system should be selected.

4.3 Calculation of primary pressure loss:

After ascertaining the aperture of primary, primary pressure loss can be calculated to make sure if the primary will influence the
process pipeline.

Computational formula is:


P1.2V2.....................................(6)
Here: PPrimary pressure loss (Pa)
Fluid density (kg/m3)
V Average flow rate of the fluid in pipeline (m/s)

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Flow rate of max. flow can be calculated by the following formula:


Vmax=353.7Qmax/D2.....................................(7)
Here: VmaxFlow rate when max. flow (m/s)
QMax. flow m3/h DAperture of primary mm

4.4 Examples for lectotype

Example1: The inner diameter of process pipeline is DN100. Medium is saturated steam. Gas consumption is 0.5t/h-3t/h. Gauge
pressure is 0.4Mpa. Please select the aperture of instrument.

Solution: By the gauge pressure 0.4Mpa know the absolute pressure is 0.5Mpa, and get temperature is 152C by looking up table
2. The flow range of DN100 is 0.4-3.5t/h and it can complete meet the requirements. So DN100 vortex street flow primary can be
selected. If the gas consumption is about 0.3t/h-2t/h, DN80 vortex street flow primary can be selected. And at this time, process
pipeline should be reduced to DN80 from DN100.

Example 2: The inner diameter of process pipeline is DN100. Medium is overheated steam. Gas consumption is 0.5t/h-2.8t/h.
Gauge pressure is 0.5Mpa. Temperature is 220C. Please select the aperture of instrument.

Solution: According to the pressure and temperature, it is known from table 3: the density is 2.66 when gauge pressure is 0.5Mpa,
temperature is 220C. It can be learned from table 2: when density is 2.66, the flow range of DN100 is 0.40-3.50t/h, which can meet
the use requirement. So select DN100 vortex street flow primary. If the gas consumption is about 0.3t/h-2.0t/h, DN80 vortex street
flow primary can be selected. At this time, process pipeline needs shrinkage pipe.

5. Installation methods and steps:


5.1 The selection of installing position:

When selecting the installing position, need to pay attention to the following points:
A. The installing position should not have pipeline vibration or have slight vibration, of which vibration acceleration not
more than 2g. If the vibration is very fierce, shock absorption measures should be taken.
B. There should be enough straight pipelines in the upstream and downstream of primary (see Fig.2)
C. Service valve should be installed in the upstream of senor, while flow regulating valve in the downstream.
D. To choose position easy to install, examine and repair as can as possible.
E. Should select dry position.
F. Primary can be installed on horizontal pipeline and vertical pipeline. When installing on the vertical pipeline, medium
should be flow from the bottom to up.
G. Primary should better be installed indoors. If it must be installed outdoors, should pay attention to water proofing. The
cable outside magnifier box should be bent to U type.
H. Primary should be kept away from electrical noise, such as high power frequency converter, high power transformer,
electromotor and high power wireless transmitter-receiver and so on.

5.2 Installing requirements:

A. When welding, should ensure the flange end face vertical to the centerline of pipeline.
B. The bigger pitch position of mounting hole is meter pole mounting position, and the direction of two flange mounting
holes should keep accord.
C. After welding the flanges, should clean up the pipeline and must not have weld slag.

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5.3 Installation steps: Method

1: (shown as Fig.3):
A. Fix the installing position, cut off front/back straight pipelines of appropriate length according to Fig.2 and one pipe of L1 length
(shown as Fig.5 and table 5).
B. Respectively weld a flange on the front/back straight pipelines. After adding glands on the two ends of primary connect primary
and flange by bolt stud (Note: The arrowhead direction on the meter body should keep accord with fluid flowing direction.)
C. Weld the front/back straight pipeline of primary on the original pipeline.

Method 2: (shown as Fig.4):


A. Select the installing position and fix the front/back straight pipelines according to Fig.3. Cut off a pipe of length L1 (shown as
Fig.5 and table 5) between front and back straight pipeline.
B. Respectively weld a flange on the front/back straight pipelines. When welding, all the mounting holes of the two flanges should
keep concentric.
C. After adding glands on the two ends of primary connect primary and flange by bolt stud.

Table 2 Measuring range of saturated steam mass flow

Absolute pressure (Mpa) 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
Temperaturac 120 134 144 152 158 165 170 175 Flow Unit
Density (kg/m) 1.13 1.65 2.17 2.67 3.17 3.71 4.06 4.66

Aparture
Flow Range
DN (MM)
15 6.5~42 7.2~54 8.3~66 9~79 9.7~92 10.1-105 10.85115 11.3~129
20 11.5~74 12.8~96 14.7~118 16~141 17.3~163 17.9-186 19.2-206 20.1~230
25 18~115 20~150 23~185 25~220 27~255 28-290 30-320 32~360
32 30~190 34~245 37~300 41~360 44~415 47-470 49-530 52~585 Kg/h
40 46~295 52~385 58~475 64~560 68~650 73-740 77~830 81~910
50 72~460 82~600 91~740 100~880 110~1020 110~1160 120~1290 130~1430
65 121~775 138~1010 154~1250 170~1480 180~1720 190~51950 200~52180 210~2410
80 0.18~1.17 0.21~1.55 0.23~1.90 0.26~2.20 0.27~2.60 0.29~52.96 0.31~53.30 0.32~3.65
100 0.29~1.85 0.33~2.40 0.36~2.96 0.40~3.50 0.43~4.10 0.46~54.62 0.48~55.16 0.51~5.71
125 0.45~2.86 0.51~3.75 0.57~4.65 0.63~5.47 0.67~6.36 0.71~57.22 0.75~8.06 0.79~8.92
150 0.65~4.12 0.74~5.40 0.82~6.66 0.90~7.88 0.96~9.16 1.02~10.4 1.08~11.6 1.14~12.8
200 1.15~7.13 1.31~9.60 1.46~11.8 1.60~14.0 1.71~16.3 1.82~18.5 1.92~20.6 2.02~22.8
250 1.79~11.4 2.05~15.0 2.28~18.5 2.50~21.9 2.67~25.4 2.84~28.9 3.01~32.3 3.16~35.7 t/h
300 2.58~16.5 2.95~21.6 3.28~26.6 3.60~31.5 3.84~36.6 4.10~41.6 4.33~46.4 4.55~51.4
350 3.51~22.4 4.02~29.4 4.46~36.3 4.90~42.9 5.23~50.0 5.67~56.6 5.90~63.2 6.20~70.0
400 4.58~29.3 5.25~38.4 5.83~47.4 6.40~56.0 6.83~65.1 7.28~74.0 7.70~82.6 8.10~91.4
450 5.80~37.1 6.64~48.6 7.37~60.0 8.10~70.9 8.65~82.4 9.21~93.6 9.74~105 10.2~116
500 7.16~45.8 8.2~60.0 9.10~74.0 10.0~87.5 10.7~102 11.4~116 12.0~129 12.7~143

5.4 Primary installing outline dimension is shown as Fig.5 and table 5. For reference when installation.
5.5 When primary and pressure transmitter/temperature transmitter forms a measuring system, the position of pressure and
temperature measuring points can be selected according to Fig. 6.
5.5.1 The installation of pressure transmitter:

A. Open the leading-pressure holes on the pipeline according to the given position on Fig.6 (about / 12);
B. Weld the leading-pressure base on the position of leading-pressure holes. Note that leakage is forbidden;
C. Install needle type valve;
D. Install leading-pressure pipe;
E. Close the needle type valve and pour cold water into the leading-pressurepipe;
F. Install pressure transmitter;
G. Open the needle type valve when running.

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Table 2 Measuring range of saturated steam mass flow

Absolute pressure (Mpa) 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.5 3


Temperaturac 179 187 195 201 206 212 223 235 Flow Unit
Density (kg/m) 5.15 6.13 7.10 8.08 9.06 10.1 12.5 15

Aparture
Flow Range
DN (MM)
15 11.9~141 12.9~165 13.7~191 14.7~213 16.5~239 18.4~266 22.8~329 27.4~395
20 21.1~250 23~294 24.3~339 26.2~378 29.4~424 32.8~473 40.6~585 48.7~702
25 33~390 36~460 38~530 41~590 46~662 51~738 64~913 76~1096
32 54~640 59~750 63~860 67~970 75~1088 84~1213 104~1501 124~1801 Kg/h
40 85~1000 92~1170 98~1350 110~1520 123~1704 137~1900 170~2352 204~2822
50 130~1560 140~1840 150~2110 160~2380 179~2669 200~2975 248~3682 298~4418
65 220~2640 240~3100 260~3560 280~4010 314~4496 350~5012 433~6203 520~7444
80 0.34~4.00 0.37~4.70 0.39~5.39 0.42~6.08 0.47~6.82 0.53~7.60 0.65~9.41 0.78~1.13
100 0.53~6.25 0.57~7.34 0.61~8.42 0.65~9.50 0.73~10.7 0.81~11.8 1.00~14.7 1.20~17.6
125 0.83~9.77 0.90~11.5 0.96~13.2 1.02~14.8 1.14~16.6 1.27~18.5 1.57~22.9 1.88~27.5
150 1.19~14.1 1.29~16.5 1.38~18.9 1.47~21.4 1.65~24.0 1.84~26.8 2.28~33.1 2.74~39.7
200 2.12~25.0 2.29~29.4 2.46~33.7 2.61~38.0 2.93~42.6 3.27~47.5 4.05~58.8 4.86~70.5
250 3.31~39.1 3.58~45.9 3.84~52.6 4.08~59.4 4.57~66.6 5.09~74.3 6.30~91.9 7.56~110 t/h
300 4.77~56.3 5.16~66.1 5.53~75.8 5.88~85.5 6.59~95.9 7.35~107 9.10~132 10.9~159
350 6.49~76.6 7.02~89.9 7.52~103 8.00~116 8.97~131 10.0~146 12.4~180 14.9~216
400 8.48~100 9.17~117 9.82~135 10.4~152 11.7~170 13.0~190 16.0~235 19.2~282
450 10.7~127 11.6~149 12.4~171 13.2~192 14.8~216 16.5~241 20.4~298 24.5~357
500 13.3~156 14.3~184 15.4~211 16.3~238 18.3~266 20.4~297 25.2~367 30.3~441

Table 3 The density of overheated steam relative to pressure and temperature


Temperaturac
140 180 220 260 300 340 380 420 460
Absolute pressure(Mpa)
0.15 0.78 0.71 0.65 0.60 0.56 0.52 0.49 0.46 0.44
0.2 1.05 0.95 0.87 0.80 0.75 0.70 0.65 0.62 0.58
0.25 1.32 1.19 1.09 1.00 0.93 0.87 0.82 0.77 0.73
0.3 1.59 1.43 1.31 1.21 1.12 1.05 0.98 0.93 0.87
0.36 1.92 1.73 1.58 1.45 1.35 1.26 1.18 1.11 1.05
0.4 1.93 1.75 1.62 1.50 1.40 1.31 1.23 1.16
0.5 2.42 2.20 1.99 1.88 1.72 1.64 1.54 1.46
0.6 2.93 2.66 2.44 2.26 2.10 1.97 1.85 1.75
0.7 3.44 3.11 2.86 2.64 2.46 2.30 2.16 2.04
0.8 3.96 3.58 3.27 3.02 2.82 2.63 2.48 2.34
0.9 4.50 4.04 3.69 3.41 3.17 2.98 2.79 2.63
1 5.04 4.52 4.12 3.80 3.53 3.50 3.10 2.93
1.4 6.46 5.85 5.37 4.98 4.65 4.37 4.05
1.8 8.51 7.64 7.00 6.46 6.02 5.64 5.31
2 9.58 8.56 7.81 7.21 6.71 6.28 5.91
2.4 10.45 9.48 8.72 8.10 7.57 7.12
2.8 12.41 11.19 10.26 9.51 8.88 8.34
3.2 14.46 12.94 11.83 10.94 10.20 9.57
3.6 16.61 14.76 13.43 12.39 11.54 10.91

Note: When density value is between the two values, it can be figured out by interpolation.

8
Table 4 Gas density under standard state (kg/m3)
Name of gas Air Hydrogen Ox ygen Nitrogen Chlorine Alkaline Air Dawson Gas
0C, 0.1013MPa N 1.293 0.0889 1.43 1.251 3.214 0.77 0.836
Name of gas Argon Air Acetylene Firedamp Ethane Propane Butane Coal Oven Gas
0C, 0.1013MPa N 1.79 1.017 0.717 1.357 2.005 2.703 0.4849
Name of gas Ethylene Propylene Natural Gas Coal Gas Carbon Monoxide Carbon Dioxide
0C, 0.1013MPa N 1.264 1.914 0.828 0.802 1.25 1.977

Upstream section Downstream section

15DN 5DN 18DN 5DN

Shrinkage pipe Pipe expanding

25DN 5DN 20DN 5DN

2X90 camber (same plane) 90 camber or T type joint

50DN 5DN 40DN 5DN

Control valve 2X90 camber (different planes)

Figure 2
8DN 5DN
Rectifier

Position for meter installation


Position for cutting
Welding Welding

Front straight pipeline L1 (table 5) Back straight pipeline

Cutting off the pipeline Front/back straight pipeline


Figure 3

welded on the original pipeline

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Position for cutting


Position for meter installation

L1 (table 5)

Figure 4
Cutting off the pipeline Install the instrument

H
D

L1 Figure 5
L2

Table 5 The outline dimension of frequently-used instruments

DN L1 L2 D H Match with seamless steel pipe


15 72 90 95 366 18X1.5
20 72 90 105 368 26X3
25 72 90 110 375 32X3.5
32 72 90 114 377 38X4
40 72 90 150 360 45X2.5
50 80 102 165 367 57X35
65 80 102 185 375 73X4
80 84 106 200 384 89X4.5
100 84 110 220 395 108X4
125 94 120 250 408 133X4.5
150 94 124 285 421 159X4.5
200 110 144 340 447 219X9
250 122 164 405 473 273X10
300 140 186 460 498 325X12
350 154 206 520 523 379X14.5
400 168 226 580 548 430X15
450 182 248 640 574 482X16
500 196 270 715 599 534X17

5.5.2 Installation of Platinum thermistor

A. Open appropriate holes on the pipeline according to the given position on Fig. 6. The diameter of holes should be lightly bigger
than the external diameter of Platinum themistor base (big diameter / 40);
B. Weld the Platinum themistor base on the holes position. The upper and lower positions of Platinum themistor base should
ensure the lowest end of Platinum themistor lay on the centerline of pipeline;
C. Install Platinum themistor.

10
6. Connection of signal wire
The primary is matched with 8BVPV3X0.5 signal transmission wire: red wire is power positive, black one is power negative and
other colors is frequency signal. The connecting methods of primary, pressure transmitter and Platinum themistor are shown as
Fig.7.

7. Primary debugging
Primary is adjusted before out of factory, so normally not needs to set zero. But if the field work condition changes or the operation
of instrument is abnormal, need to set zero according to the following methods. The primary power on, the process pipeline is
filled with mediums, close the flow regulating valve on the downstream of primary (When closing the downstream flow regulating
valve unconditionally, also can close the upstream service valve), firstly contra-clockwise adjust the potentiometer SF (next to the
terminal) to the end, at this time the primary has interfering impulse output signal (4~20mA output type, need to use multimeter to
detect if there is impulse output on the first breadboard. If there is no impulse output, adjust R to make its output signal 4mA, R is
adjusted full potentiometer.) Then slowly clockwise adjust SF until there is no output, and open the valve, instrument should work
properly.

8.Removal of malfunctions
Malfunction: 1. There is flow in the pipeline, but primary has no output or intelligent flow integrating instrument has no display:

Removing steps:

A. Firstly make sure that there is flow in the pipeline and the flow is larger than the measurable flow lower limit of primary.
B. To judge the amplifier is good or bad: contra-clockwise adjust the potentiometer SF on the amplifying board to the end and see
if the primary has output or intelligent flow integrating instrument has display. If not, the amplifying board should be replaced. If
has output, the amplifier is regular.
C. To judge if the primary is broken or not: dismount the two lead wires of primary head from the amplifying board. Measure the
resistance value between the two lead wires of primary head and the resistance value between the two lead wires of primary head
and shell, all of which should be more than 2M: , otherwise, primary head should be replaced.
D. If primary is not broken, examine the pressure transmitter and Platinum themistor. If all is OK, can judge the intelligent flow
integrating instrument is broken.

Malfunction: 2. There is no flow in the pipeline, but primary has output or intelligent flow integrating instrument has display:

Removing steps:

A. Check if the primary installing position has fierce vibration. If the vibration is too fierce, can consider mounting shock absorption
bracket.
B. Slowly clockwise adjust SF until the amplifier just has no output or intelligent flow integrating instrument just has no display.
C. For other malfunctions, can contact our Technology Department.

9. Intelligent flow integrating instrument


According to the needs of user, we can provide various forms of flow integrating instrument mating with primaries, including LEC
display intelligent flow integrating instrument, LCD Chinese character display intelligent flow integrating instrument, intelligent
flow integrating paperless recorder. We also can mate with backup power supply and wall-mounted type instrument box, its main
performance and characteristics are as follows:

11
Measurement + Control
Industrial Distributors
since 1927

Pressure transmitter Platinum themistor


(temperature change) Pressure transmitter
Leading-pressure tube
Leading-pressure base Leading-pressure tube
Needle type valve Platinum themistor base
Vortex street primary Platinum themistor
(temperature change)
Needle type valve
Q
Platinum themistor base
Q L type short tube
Leading-pressure base

10D 5D
6D

The methods for pressure transmitter and Platinum The methods for pressure transmitter and Platinum
themistor installing on horizontal pipeline themistor installing on vertical pipeline

Figure.6 The installation of pressure transmitter and Platinum themistor

Figure 7
+ -
BLACK

one same to connect 12 11,terminal


RED

- +

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
+12V
DC f+ f- dp+ dp- P+ P- T+ T- RT OUT+ OUT-


A B COM +24V
DC OV 22OV~
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 GND Vcc

The wiring diagram between primary, pressure transmitter, Pt thermistor and WS-2000
type intelligent flow integrating instrument

12
Measuring accuracy: analog quantity better than 0.2%, frequency quantity better than 0.1%
Flow signal can be frequency and standard current.
Can display integrated flux, instantaneous delivery, differential pressure, frequency, density, pressure, temperature, current time
and power on/off inquiry.
Realize pressure auto compensation density, temperature auto compensation density and temperature, pressure simultaneous
compensation density.
Can configure RS485 or RS232 communication interface, and has lightening protection.
Can configure micro stylus printer, arbitrarily and timing print integrated flux, instantaneous delivery, differential pressure,
frequency, density, pressure, temperature, current time and the start and end time of power off; intelligent flow integrating
paperless recorder can print historical data and curves at appointed time quantum.
Can conduct heat quantity calculation through simple programming and can measure thermal difference of measured
medium.
Have auto restoring function: besides software watchdog, hardware system also is configured with watchdog.
Power on, power off resetting system, once system fails or accidental system halted, it can ensure instrument to recover to
operation forcibly.
Have power-failure protection function: the calculation result inside instrument and data set by user will not lose when power
off and saving time is more than ten years.
Can configure backup power supply. When power cut, it will automatically convert to backup power supply, so the instrument
can continue working.
Can configure wall-mounted instrument box, which can make the field neat and protect the instrument from theft.

10. Wireless remote flow monitoring system:


Based on wireless private network and adopting multiple advanced technologies, wireless remote flow monitoring system conducts
remote and real-time data collection on instantaneous delivery, integrated flux, temperature and pressure at the user terminal of heat
supply network pipeline and transmits to supervising and managing center and record by wireless communication mode so as to
complete routine management. At the same time, it can timely find leakage or gas using embezzlement phenomenon and realize the
historical retrospect of measured data so as to avoid the arising of disputes between the two parties.

The wireless remote flow monitoring system has the following functions:

Electronic map of heat supply network pipeline system;


Monitor all users parameters, such as real-time instantaneous delivery, integrated flux, temperature, pressure, gas-using time
and instrument power-on time and so on;
Provide real-time parameter curve of single user;
Provide all users and single users integrated flux curve of different periods of time, such as year, month and day.
Provide all users and single users all reports of year, month, day and any period of time.

11. Backup power supply


Backup power supply overcomes the shortcomings that user cannot measure normally when suddenly power off. Under normal
operation, backup power is on charging or standby state (after charging, it will enter into standby state automatically); when power
off, backup power automatically enter into power supply state, which can make the instrument continuously work more than 48
hours. After power on, backup power will automatically enter into charging state and then standby state after charging.

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12. Wall-mounted instrument box


Wall-mounted instrument box is divided into general type and with backup power supply type. It has the following advantages:

Solve the problem that there is no putting space in field.


Make the field neat and it is convenient to check and copy the data.
Dustproof and anti-collision protect the intelligent flow integrating instrument and prolong its service life.
For the wall-mounted instrument box has locks, the setting parameter of intelligent flow integrating instrument can not be
adjusted arbitrarily and have anti-theft function; with air switch, it will protect the intelligent flow integrating instrument.

13. Model coding explanation


LUGB

1. Stress type vortex street flow primary


2. Meter body connection
Modes Flange connection 1
Flange clamp installation 2
3. Measured mediums:
Liquid: (water, high temperature water, oil, food liquid, chemical liquid etc.)
2
Gas: (gas, oxygen, nitrogen, coal gas, natural gas, chemical gas etc.)
3
Steam: (saturated steam, steam-gas)
4
4. Nominal aperture:
DN15 00
DN20 01
DN25 02
DN32 03
DN40 04
DN50 05
.......... ...
DN500 50
5. Classification mark:
General type No Anti-explosion type
Field display type C

Operation manual for integrated type on-spot display vortex street flow meter
1. Characteristics

HD-1000B type integrated type on-spot display instrument is one kind of special circuits for vortex street flow meter designed by
our company. It adopts MSP430 series chip and double-row segmentation LCD chip, which can fixedly set medium density to
accurately measure the flow in field. A whole set on-spot display instrument is composed of micro-power loss amplifying board
(applies to vortex of any aperture) and display board. The function of amplifying board is universal; viz. can match with gas and
liquid of various apertures through dial-up switch. The function of display board is to complete the setting, calculation and display
functions.

2 . Technical index:

1. Instantaneous delivery: measuring accuracy better than 0.5%


2. Frequency measurement: measuring accuracy better than 0.2%
3. Working temperature: 0~50C (make it clear for special environment)

14
4. Working battery voltage: 3.0~3.6V
5. Outer power supply: 12V or 24V
6. Checkout range of impulse output and accumulated impulse
output: V low Vcc/3, V high 2Vcc/3
7. Range of instantaneous impulse output: 0~2500Hz
8. Permissible load current of impulse output: less than 15mA

3. Use

1. Computational formula
a. Instantaneous delivery: F=3.6 X Fr (frequency) X dE (density) /U (instrument coefficient)
b. Integrated flux: instantaneous delivery vs time integral

2. LCD display screen shows each parameter according to the flowing pictures:
a. First row displays five-bit instantaneous flow, second row display 8-bit cumulant
Q 1.2345
12345678
b. First row display marking, second row display frequency
value Fr
120.45
c. Display set density
dEn
2.125000
d. Upper limit of
flow FH
1000.000
e. Small-signal
elimination FL
10.00000
f. Flow coefficient
U
3.600000
g. Cumulant clear, when enter into setting state and set this item 4321.000, can clear
cumulant Un
4321.000

3. Range bar: In order to judge if the flow is in the permissible range, on the right side of LCD screen will display a bar which
changes following the change of instantaneous flow. The upper limit in the bar represents setting upper limit and lower limit stands
for 0.

4. Keyboard: The display instrument has three thin-film keystrokes, detailed explanation is as following:
Position: Left key Middle key Right key
Functions when operating: Accumulation (instantaneous) Frequency Content
Functions when setting: Shift Characters turn over Confirm and paging

a. Under operating state: Press accumulation key (left key) one time to display instantaneous flow and integrated flow; Press
frequency key (middle key) one time to display vortex street frequency; Press content key (right key) one time to in order display
frequency (Fr), temperature (C), compensation density (dE), density compensation mode (Ur), set density (dEn), flow coefficient
(U), damp coefficient (Lr), flow upper limit (FH) and flow lower limit (FL) and so on.

b. Under setting state:


Pressing accumulation key (left key) one time can shift the set character (flash character);
Pressing frequency key (middle key) one time can modify the set character (flash character);
Pressing content key (right key) one time can confirm this page and turn over the page.

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c. Setting methods: Firstly press right key and then press the middle key simultaneously to enter into setting state. At this time,
the display screen will display flash characters Ur. The user can complete the setting of all items by the shift function of left key,
modifying function of middle key and confirming and paging function of right key. For example, set density is 3.240, measure
saturated steam, firstly enter into setting state, set Ur 1.000000, dEn 3.240, then press right key to confirm, simultaneously
display entering into the next parameter setting. After setting all the parameters, can exit setting state and enter into display state by
simultaneously pressing right key and middle key.

4 . Remarks:
1. When flow is less than the set flow lower limit, it will be eliminated as small-signal and not displayed.
2. There is impulse output only when the power supply is 12V or 24V.
3. The working environment temperature of LCD screen is 0~50C
( It needs to customize when exceeding this temperature.)
4. Outline dimension: 77mm.
5. If the LCD screen flashes, it indicates that battery voltage is too low and need to replace the battery.

16
INSTRUTEK-LUGB VORTEX STREET FLOW METER

Product applicable range

Vortex street flow meter is widely used because of its abroad applicable mediums, small pressure loss and convenient installation
and maintenance. However, general vortex street flow meters anti-shock performance is bad, field use error is big.

We have researched and developed a new generation vortex street flow meter, whose all indexes has reached the advanced level of
oversea same products with better anti-shock and non-linear correction capabilities. Compared with same domestic flow meters,
it is a kind of vortex street flow meter with more functions, high cost performance and good use reliabilities and is also a kind of
vortex street flow meter deserving users trust and selection.

Measuring main body with high-sensibility and long-lifetime sensing detector matching with different CPU anti-shock amplifier
meter can compose of:

INSTRUTEK-LUGB-K anti-shock type vortex street flow primary - output pulse frequency signal
INSTRUTEK-LUBB-K anti-shock type vortex street flow primary - output 4~20mA/pulse frequency
INSTRUTEK-LUJB-K anti-shock type vortex street flow meter - meter local display, can output 4~20mA/pulse frequency

Working principle

Same as general vortex street flow meter, INSTRUTEK-LUGB-K anti-shock type vortex street flow meter also take Karman Vortex
Street as measuring principle. Provided that the front side of a triangular prism in the sealed pipeline is stroke by fluid, on the two
sides of prism will generate two lines vortex street arranging alternatively. When the flow rate of fluid reaches a certain Reynolds
number, the frequency f of this kind of alternative vortex street will correspond to the flow rate of fluid v.

The original signal of INSTRUTEK-LUGB-K anti-shock type vortex street flow meter is standard sine wave signal; while the outer
shock disturbance signal is irregular sharp pulse signal. Through the CPU microprocessor wave filtering technology and fuzzy
mathematical model technology principle, the disturbance signals mixed in original signal are all filtered. The transducing signal
through CPU amplifying and shaping, output standard square wave pulse and can calculate corresponding flow value or convert
into 4~20mA.

Instrument characteristics

1. With good anti-shock interference performance, there will be no shock interference signals when no flow and
work properly and stably when have flow.
2. Adopting five-section nonlinear correction technology, the measuring range is wide.
3. Choosing industrial-class chip, can bear rugged exterior environment.
4. With LCD display meter, can display instantaneous delivery and cumulant.
5. With good anti-shock performance, can be used in general shocking occasions.
6. Gas and liquid full-universal design, reduce user reserve parts.

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Technical parameters

Medium: liquid/gas/steam
Aperture: DN25~DN200
Measuring error: 1.0%, 1.5%
Repetitiveness: 0.5%
Medium temperature: -20C~+300C
Ambient temperature: -20C~+55C
Medium pressure: 1.6MPa/2.5MPa (divided by aperture)
Installation form: Flange clamping
Lower limit of flow rate: Liquid 0.3m/s
Gas 2.0m/s
Steam 1.5m/s
Range ratio: >1:10
Power supply: 12 ~24VDC
Output signal: Pulse/4~20mA
Explosion-proof grade: dIIBT4
Material of meter body: 1Cr18Ni9Ti
Shell of meter: Cast aluminium lacquering

Outline dimension

Unit: (mm)

D ex ternal D inner L length H height


DN diameter diameter
25 57 25 240 88
40 75 40 260 88
50 87 50 280 88
L 80 120 80 290 88
100 149 100 310 88
150 203 150 340 88
200 259 200 370 88

18
Type spectrum table

Specification code Explanation

INSTRUTEL-LU

A Flange connection
Instrument type B Flange clamp installation
C Inser tion type
Nominal size () Size( write down the size, like DN80)
1 Liquid
Measuring medium 2 Gas
3 Steam
1 -40-250C (only for pipeline type)
Medium temperature 2 -40-350C (only for pipeline type)
3 -40-4200C
1Cr18Ni9Ti casting
C (temp. smaller than 250C)
Body material 1Cr18Ni9Ti (hammering)
D
Y Special requirements
N No compensation
Saturated steam compensation
Compensation function A (need equipped with LCD)
Temperature, pressure compensation
B (need equipped with LCD)
0 No display
Display LCD(instant, accumulated, temperature,
1 pressure etc)
0 No output (bat tery supply on site display)
1 Voltage pulse
Output signal type
2 4~20mA two wire system
3 4~20mA three wire system
0 No
Communication mode 1 RS 485
3 HART
1 0.5(pipeline type)
2 1.0 (pipeline type)
Accuracy
3 2.5( inser tion type)
9 Special requirements
S Standard type
Explosion-proof grade D Explosion-proof type Exd II CT6
I Intrinstic safety type Exia II CT4
W 24V DC
Power supply
B Bat tery supply
Max. flow rate

The selection of instrument

Correct selection for the aperture of vortex street flow meter is the prerequisite for user to prepare for measurement. The flow rate of
fluid in the pipeline should meet the measuring range of flow meter. Whenever necessary, should take measures, such as contracted
pipe or expansion pipe and so on.

The selection principle of aperture is to ensure the fluid Reynolds number (Re) within the range of 5103~7106. Reynolds number
can be calculated according to the following formula: Re = V D/

V: Average speed of fluid D: Aperture of flow meter : Medium kinematic viscosity

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According to the above mentioned calculation, for the liquid with low viscosity, its range of flow rate generally is 0.3~6m/s. The
flow rate range of gas is 2.0~50m/s.

For steam-gas and saturated steam, the measuring range of flow meter of every aperture under all working conditions can be fixed
according to below offered table search method.

1.Measuring range of steam-gas Q [m/h] p [kg/m3]

T( C) 150 200 250 300 350 400


0.3 2.12 1.87 1.68 1.52 1.4 1.29
0.4 2.35 2.11 1.91 1.75 1.62 1.49
0.5 2.84 2.54 2.30 2.11 1.95
0.6 3.33 2.97 2.69 2.46 2.27
P 0.7 3.83 3.41 3.08 2.82 2.60
MPa 0.9 4.86 4.30 3.88 3.54 3.26
1.1 5.91 5.20 4.67 4.26 3.92
1.4 7.55 6.58 5.89 5.23 4.93
1.9 8.98 7.97 7.21 6.62
2.4 11.49 10.11 9.11 8.33
DN Min. volume flow Max. volume flow
25 10.6 150
40 27.8 390
50 44.3 630
80 102 1440
100 172 2430
150 379 5380
200 628 8920

2. Measuring range of saturated steam [T/h]

P(MPa) 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.4 2.4
T( C) 134 144 152 159 165 170 180 188 198 224
(kg/m) 1.66 2.17 2.67 3.18 3.67 4.17 5.15 6.13 7.60 12.5
0.02~ 0.02~ 0.02~ 0.03~ 0.03~ 0.03~ 0.03~ 0.04~ 0.04~ 0.05~
25
0.25 0.33 0.4 0.48 0.55 0.63 0.77 0.99 1.14 1.88
0.05~ 0.05~ 0.06~ 0.07~ 0.07~ 0.08~ 0.08~ 0.09~ 0.10~ 0.13~
40
0.66 0.85 1.05 1.25 1.45 1.64 2.03 2.44 2.99 4.9
0.08~ 0.09~ 0.1~ 0.11~ 0.12~ 0.12~ 0.14~ 0.15~ 0.17~ 0.21~
50
1.04 1.36 1.68 2 2.31 2.62 3.24 3.86 4.78 7.87
0.18~ 0.2~ 0.22~ 0.24~ 0.26~ 0.28~ 0.31~ 0.34~ 0.37~ 0.48~
80
2.38 3.12 3.85 4.57 5.29 6 7.42 8.83 10.9 18
DN
0.29~ 0.34~ 0.37~ 0.41~ 0.44~ 0.47~ 0.52~ 0.56~ 0.63~ 0.80~
100
4.01 5.26 6.5 7.7 8.92 10.1 12.5 14.9 18.5 30.4
0.38~ 0.53~ 0.58~ 0.63~ 0.68~ 0.73~ 0.8~ 0.88~ 0.98~ 1.25~
125
6.2 8.2 10.2 12 13.9 15.7 19.5 23.2 28.9 47.5
0.65~ 0.74~ 0.82~ 0.9~ 0.96~ 1.02~ 1.14~ 1.24~ 1.39~ 1.78~
150
8.87 11.6 14.3 17.1 19.7 22.4 27.7 32.9 40.9 67.3
1.07~ 1.22~ 1.36~ 1.48~ 1.59~ 1.70~ 1.89~ 2.06~ 2.29~ 2.98~
200
14.7 19.3 23.8 28.3 32.7 37.1 45.9 54.6 67.7 111

20
When measuring liquid, if the pressure in the pipeline is too low and the flow rate is comparatively high, it often arises gas etching
phenomenon and affects the flow measurement. So the min. pressure in the pipeline should meet:

P2.7P + 1.3P0
Pipeline pressure loss: P = 1.29 V2
P0: Pressure of saturated steam (MPa) : Medium density (kg/m3) V: Average flow rate (m/s)

Installation requirements

Anti-shock vortex street flow meter adopts flange type installation. The flange should be reliably welded to the process pipeline and
the interior should be linked tightly, smoothly and glossily. Ensure the coaxiality of pipeline, sealing ring and flow meter to ensure
the use accuracy of flow meter.
Flange
Sealing ring

Welding

Vor tex street flow meter


Process pipe

Vortex street flow meter can choose installation mode according to medium and technical conditions. Generally choose horizontal
pipeline upward side installation, high-temperature steam side installation or pipeline downward installation. For the liquid medium
which may be with bubbles in the pipeline, should choose vertical pipeline installation and the fluid flows upwards. In order to
measure accurately, there should be long enough straight pipelines at the upstream and downstream of flow meter. If meet bent
expansion pipe, contracted pipe or valve and so on, the straight pipeline should be lengthened. Temperature, pressure and valve
should be installed at the downstream. When necessary, a rectifier should be mounted.

Length of upstream straight pipeline Length of downstream


Typical pipeline
With rectifier Without rectifier straight pipeline

Drawing down pipeline 8D 15D 5D


Hole enlargement pipeline 10D 18D 5D
One 90elbow 10D 20D 5D
Two 90elbows (on a same plane) 10D 25D 5D
Two 90elbows (on dif ferent planes) 20D 50D 5D
Behind control valve 25D 50D 5D

The inner diameter of pipeline should not have distinct difference from that of flow meter. Especially the inner diameter of pipeline
should not less than that of flow meter and the difference should generally 3%.

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Wiring

The recommended model for pulse transmission cable is RVVP30.35mm2 three-core shielded cable, for 4~20mA signal
transmission cable is RVV20.5mm2 twin core cable. When wiring, should firstly cut off the power, the length of cable 500m.

12V/24V OV

Shield

Current Pulse

After the transmission cable passing through the fairlead, should screw down the gland nut to make the inner diameter of sealing
ring inclip the cable jacket.

After wiring, the shell of detecting amplifier should be winded up moderately to ensure its leak tightness.
The shell of vortex street flow meter should be grounding reliably, grounding resistance 10.
There is no harmful gas on the installing field which will corrode the aluminum alloy.
For explosion-proof occasions, users installation and use should abide by The Peoples Republic of China Electrical codes for.

Explosive and Hazardous area.

Transmission cable needs steel pipe to conduct wiring and should keep away from high-power power source, such as power
transformer and electric motor and so on, as far as possible to reduce electromagnetic interference.

Parameter setting

INSTRUTEK-LUGB/LUBB-K anti-shock type vortex flow primary/transmitter amplify board adopts full-universal design. Shown as
the following Fig., the aperture and medium respectively correspond to SW1, SW2 switch position on amplify board:

Sw1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Sw2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

22
Aperture Sw1 Sw2
mm Gas Liquid Gas Liquid
25 1 3 5
40 1 4 5
50 1 4 6
80 2 5 6
100 2 5 6
150 3 6 7
200 4 7 7

Field debugging and maintenance

Before out of factory, the vortex street flow meter has been accurately debugged and calibrated. Under common conditions, after
instrument entering into field, only need to set flow coefficient on the local display meter and wiring according to stipulated mode,
it will operate properly after power on without field debugging.

When field working conditions has big difference with calibrating conditions, need to conduct amplification adjustment, which will
not affect measuring accuracy and instrument constant.

Vortex street flow meter doesnt have movable parts, so doesnt need frequent maintenance under normal using conditions. If
the measured medium has scale formation matters, it need regular clean. While cleaning the interior, should protect the internal
vortex generator and detecting probe and mustnt descale by using blunts and spade to rap and dismount detecting components
arbitrarily.

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Cali, Colombia Medelln, Colombia


vtas.cali@electra.com.co vtas.medellin@electra.com.co
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Bogot D.C, Colombia Barranquilla, Colombia


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