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ANSYS CFX

2011
: 621.438.001.2
: 39.55

: ,
,
,
,

: - . , ..

,
ANSYS CFX [
] : . . / .. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. ; , . . . -.
.. (. . -). - . . .
(3,1 ). - , 2011. - 1 . . (CD-ROM). - . :
Pentium; Windows 98 .



CFD- Ansys CFX,
- .
,
, ,
.

, ,
,
, ,
-, ,
, .


, 2011

6
9
1.

12

ANSYS CFX
2.

14
TurboGrid
ANSYSCFX
2.1.
14
TurboGrid
2.2. TurboGrid 16
2.3. TurboGrid 16
3.
28

3.1. Tur-
28
boGrid
3.2.
31
TurboGrid
3.3. TurboGrid -
33

3.4. 40
3.5. 42
4.
45
TurboGrid
4.1. -
45

4.2. 47
4.3. 51
4.4. 55
4.5. TurboGrid -
56
Ansys CFX

3
5.
59
ANSYS CFX PRE
5.1. ANSYS CFX-Pre 59
5.2. ANSYS CFX-Pre 60
5.3. (Basic Set-
61
tings)
5.4. ,
62
(Component Definition)
5.5. -
65
(Physics Definition)
5.6. (Interface Definition) -
68
(Boundary Definition)
5.7. Turbomachinery 69
5.8. 70
5.9.
72

6.
75
ANSYS CFX
7.
ANSYS 80
CFX
7.1. ANSYS CFX Post 80
7.2. 81
7.3. -
82

7.4. 84
7.5. -
85

7.6. 87
7.7. 88
7.8.
- 90

7.9. 96
7.10. -
97

4
7.11. -
98

100

b - , ;
, -
-
;
cp - ;
D - ;
F - ;
G - ;
i - ;
, - ;
k - ;
L - ;
l - ;
- ;
N - ;
n - ;
- ;
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r - ;
R - ;
- ;
t - ;
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u - ;
w - ;
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- ;
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1 ;
2 ;
3 ;
;
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opt ;
(=const);
r ;
s () ;
u ;
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w , -
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;
;
.

;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
(. . Computational Fluid Dynamics) - -
CFD
.
, .


,
, -
-
. , -
1% -
0,7%.
.
-
. -
,
, -
. -
-
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. -
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. 20...30
3...5 ,
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9
. -


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-


.
-
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.
CFD-
:
,


, ,
,


( ,
, ..) -
10
, -
.
-
-
(CFX, Fluent, StarCD ..),
(Numeca, FineTurbo, FlowER ..) -
. -
Ansys
CFX ( 13- ), -
.

, -
, -, , -
, , .

11
1.



ANSYS CFX

-
-
, -
: -
, , , -
.

TurboGrid. -
CFX-Pre, -
CFX-Solver, -
CFX-Post (. 1.1). -
Ansys CFX
(. 1.2),
Windows:

Ansys 13.1 Fluid Dynamics CFX.



Ansys CFX.

12
. 1.1. CFD-

. 1.2. Ansys CFX

13
2.


TurboGrid

2.1.
TurboGrid

TurboGrid
Ansys CFX -
,
. -
-
-
CFD-. TurboGrid ,
,


. -
. , ,

. -
.
-
,
. -
14
-
: H; J; O;
C; L, . -

-
.
,
Turbo-
Grid, -
, -
.
TurboGrid -

-

. 2.1.
-
TurboGrid :
-
, , , ,
, - . -
.
-
( 2.1):
;
;
;
.

15
2.2. TurboGrid

ANSYSTurboGrid-
AnsysCFX, -
Windows:

Ansys 13.0Fluid DynamicsCFX.


,

. 2.2. ,
Working Directory, -
, -

.

, -
-
( .2.2.
shroud, - hub),
, .
*.curve (. 3).
,
Windows (. 2.2).

( )
TurboGrid ( 1.2 2.2)
.

2.3. TurboGrid

TurboGrid
(. 2.3):
16
();
();
;
;

.

.2.3. TurboGrid

(. 2.3) ,
, , -
, .. -
.
( ) ,
,
. -
(. 2.3) ,
( ) , Edit -
.

17
TurboGrid (. 2.3) -
(, , ),
..

Windows.
(. 2.3) TurboGrid
.
. 2.1. -
. 2.7...2.10.
2.1
,

1 2 3

New Case

Load (
Blade Gen *.inf)
-
*.curve, -
Load Curves
, -

( ) Turbo-
Load State
Grid ( *.tst)
() TurboGrid tst-
Save State As

Save Mesh As

-
Save picture
(. 2.2)

Undo

Redo

.
Edit Machine
, -
Data
, ..
18
2.1

1 2 3

( ).
Play session TurboGrid -
New session -
Start recording , , (Play) -
Stop recording

-
Hub


Shroud

Blade Blade Set

Topology Topology

Edit
Mesh Data
Mesh Data

Edit Layers Layers

-
Mesh

Display One In-
stance (. 2.4)

Display Two In-
.
stance
(. 2.4)
Display All in-
(. 2.4)
stance
Hide all geometry . -
objects (. 2.5)
-
Hide all layers
(. 2.6)
Hide all mesh ob-
jects (. 2.7)

19
. 2.4. Display Instance

. 2.5. Hide all geometry objects

20
. 2.6. Hide all layers

. 2.7. Hide all mesh objects


21
Save picture . 2.8, -
. 2.2.

. 2.8. Save picture


2.2.
, Save picture



File ;
, -
Format ( *.bmp, *.jpg, *.png
);
,
Use screen capture

,
White Back Ground
,

Enhanced Output


. ,
Use screen size ,
-

Scale
( -
Image Quality
*.jpeg .)
22
(. . 2.3) -
. ,
, -
.
, ,
TurboGrid -
.
CAD -
, , -

.
. 2.3.
, (. . 2.3),
, -
-
. -
(. 2.9):
View 1
;
View 2 , -
;
View 3 ,
;
View 4 -
.

, (.
. 2.3), -
. -
(. 2.10), Show Help
Dialog (. . 2.3).

23
2.3.


Select .
.
Rotate
.
-
Pan .
.


Zoom
.
, .

Zoom Box
, .
, -
Fit View
.

.
High light-
-
ing
,
.

, -
-
.

,
Show Help
,
Dialog
(. 2.10)

24
. 2.9.

, TurboGrid
, . 2.4.

. 2.10. ,

25
2.4
TurboGrid




(Picking) -
. High lighting
(.2.3)

,,,
. Rotate (.2.3)
Shift

,,,
1,2,3,4
Fit (.2.3), ,


-
n
. /
, -
r

u
Shift +u

x,y,z x, y, z .


Shift+x,y,z x, y, z, . -

-
.
, TurboGrid
, . 2.5.
,
, (. 2.11):

Edit Options Common View Setup Mouse Mapping.

26
2.5
TurboGrid ( )

( ) ()

( )

( ) Shift

( ) Ctrl

( ) Ctrl

. 2.11. , TurboGrid

27
3.


3.1.
TurboGrid


-
(), . -
,
.
-
, -
, , . -
, -
, -
. , -
. -
-
.
-
, . -
,
, -
28

.
TurboGrid ,
.
, , (

, -
).
, (Pas-
sage), (Inlet) (Outlet) (. 3.1). -
-
. -

.

. 3.1. ,


:
(Blade) ;
(Hub) - ;
(Shroud) ;
(LeadingEdge) ;
(TrailingEdge) .

29
TurboGrid
,
-
.
Turbo- Ansys, , Blade Modeler (Bla-
de Gen). -

, -
. -
,
TurboGrid, .. -
(. 3.2), -
.

. 3.2.

(. . 3.2):
, ;
, -
;
, .

30
-
*.curve.

3.2.
TurboGrid

!!! -
TurboGrid
, ()
()
*.curve. -
, Blade Gen, Design Mo-
deler, ,
.
, , Profiler,
. -

*.curve.

:
() -
()
. .

. -
( );
.
-
. -
. -
, -
/ .

31

7% .
, -
, -
.

, -
Windows. -
/
.
, / -
:

253.979586 3.22022526 52.9666667


253.921167 6.32779356 58.1583333
253.878463 7.85659149 64.8333333
253.901748 7.06414810 72.2500000
253.987552 2.51461314 81.8916667
253.949132 -5.08314163 90.0500000
253.720240 -11.9180551 110.000000

,
. ( ,
,
). -
.
, -
:

# Profile 1 at 0.0000%
253.999759 0.349947171 50.2493955
253.999660 0.415740917 50.1732460
...
# Profile 2 at 5.000%
259.297550 1.12727624 50.7276452
32
259.297243 1.19562923 50.6526601

,
.. .
. -
. #,
, , -
.
*.curve
(x, y, z),
(r, ,a).
,
, shroud,
hub, profile .

.

3.3. TurboGrid

Tur-
boGrid , -
, ,
,
. ,
, (Principal Axis),
(# of Blade Sets) , -
curve- (Length Units) ,
..
curve-
Load Curves:

File Load Curves.

33

( ) Load Curves
( ) -
(. . 2.1).

. 3.3. -
,
, -
. 3.1.

-

TurboGrid
, -
-
,


0,2...200 .
. 3.3. Load Curves

, ,
. 3.4.
,
, ,

. -
,
.
-
, -
34
. -
,
.
,
.
3.1.
, Load Curves


(.

3.3)
1 # of Blades
.
: principal axis
2 Rotation , rotation axis,
. -
(X, Y, Z, -X, -Y, -Z)
Coordinates ( (Cartesian) -
3
And Units (cylindrical))
3 Length Units
3 Angle Units
*.curve -
4 Hub

*.curve -
4 Shroud

*.curve -
4 Blade

Leading Edge
,
5 Definition On

The Blade
Trailing Edge
,
6 Definition On

The Blade
Cut-Off
6 ()
Square
Line Of Rota-
6 tion Hub And , .
Shroud

35
. 3.4. , , -

curve--
-
*.inf,
Blade Gen .
:

FileLoad Blade Gen,

(. . 2.1). -
inf- :

!====== CFX-Blade Gen Export =======


AxisofRotation: Z
NumberofBladeSets: 83
Number of Blades Per Set: 1
Geometry Units: MM
Blade 0 LE: Ellipse End
Blade 0 TE: Ellipse End
Hub Data File: Axial_Turbine_Rotor_hub.curve
Shroud Data File: Axial_Turbine_Rotor_shroud.curve
Profile Data File: Axial_Turbine_Rotor_profile.curve

inf- . 3.2.

36
3.2.
inf-


Axis of Rotation ( X, Y, Z)
Number of
()
BladeSets:
. -
Number of 1. , -
Blades Per Set:

.
Geometry Units: (m), (cm), -
(mm), (in), (foot), (micron)
. -
Blade 0 LE: Ellipse End Cut Off End -

Blade 0 TE:
curve- -
Hub Data File:

Shroud Data curve-
File:
Profile Data curve-
File:

Load Curves Load Blade Gen -


-
-
(. 3.5).
() () .
( Outline )
,
.
, , -

DisplayAllInstances ( ) -
(. . 2.1).
37
Dis-
play One Instance( ) (. . 2.1).


Geometry Machine Data ( ), -
( )
( ). -
.

. 3.5. ,

( ) -
Geometry
(. 3.6).
( ) Machine Data
Geometry (.3.6) (
) Edit,
Details of Machine Data

38
(.3.7).
Load Curves(.3.3 .3.1). Machine
Data -
, .
-
GeometryHub, , -
. -
, Shroud Blade 1.

. 3.6. . 3.7. MachineData

, Geometric Representation
:
,
Bspline( ).
, Piece-
wiselinear (-). , -
TurboGrid
.

39
Geometry Object -
. , -
.

3.4.


, ,
,
. ,
. ,
-
. TurboGrid

, .

Geometry
, (Hub Tip
, Shroud Tip -
). ,
. 3.8.
TipOption.
:
None ;
Constant Span , -
. (,
0,05 5%
). Span, -
(. 3.9).
Normal Distance , -
.
Tip Clearance(. 3.10).

40
Variable Normal Distance ,
. , -

, Leading Edge Trailing
Edge. (. 3.11).

. 3.8.
. 3.9.


. 3.10. . 3.11.


.
-
41
( Normal Distance). -
, -
,
.

3.5.

TurboGrid -
,

(. 3.12). -
,
.
. ,
,
.

. 3.12.


, -
Inlet Outlet .
/
, , -
42
.
/ , , -
.
-
Inlet
(. . 3.12):

Geometry Inlet.

(. 3.13) ,
.
Low Hub Point Low Shroud Point ,
.
(A) (R) .
, ,
. -
Loca-
tion.
,
A=0, -
,
(. 3.13).
( ), Ap-
ply (. . 3.13 3.14).
.
, A,
, A=1
(1 ). -
(. 3.15).
.
:

File Save State As.


43
. 3.14.

. 3.13. . 3.15.

44
4.

TURBOGRID

4.1.

-
, , , -

.

, .
-
TurboGrid.

-
(Topology). , -
,
, ,
.
-

, .
. -

45

.
.
!!! -


Suspend Object Updates, -
( ) Topol-
ogy Set .

Sus-
pended.
- . 4.1. TopologySet

( ) TopologySet. -
(. 4.1). ,
Topology Definition Placement, ATM
Optimized Apply. -
. -
, ,
.
Topology,
-
-
.
-
(. 4.2).
Topology Set
Object Selector . ,
.

46
-

H -

.4.2. ,
(ATM Optimized)

4.2.

, -
.
-
Mesh Data . -
, -
.
. 4.3.

.
TurboGrid ,
-
.
Mesh
Size (. 4.3) Method Target Passage Mesh
47
Size. Node Count ( )
: Coarse (), Medium ()
Fine (). ,
Fine 250000.
-
() Propor-
tional Refinement,


, -
Fac-
tor Ratio. -
,
,
-
.
Near Wall Element
Size Specification , -
. 4.3.MeshData
-
. y+.
-
-
y+ .
, y+ - Passage.
-
:

48
( -
);
- ;
- .
-
-
.
, -
, / ,
Mesh Size () Inlet
Domain Outlet Domain .
Factor Ratio
2.

Passage Mesh Data (. 4.4).
. 4.1. ,
k- .
.
-
ATM Optimized -
-
(,
10...20). -
Factor Ratio Passage.
,
. -
Shroud Tip Mesh Size -
Hub Tip .
. -
(. 4.5). -

. 4.2.
49
4.1
, Passage Mesh Data




Element Constant
Method
Size
# of -
30
Elements
Const Ele-
10
ments
y+
,
Hub 10
-

y+ -
, -
Shroud 10
-

. 4.4. Passage Mesh . 4.5. Shroud Tip


Data Mesh Data

50
4.2
, Shroud Tip Mesh Data




Element Constant
Method
Size
# of Ele- -
15
ments
Const Ele-
0
ments
+
y
,
Hub 10
-

y+ -
Shroud 10


, .
Inlet/Outlet Mesh Data (. 4.6).
Mesh Type - (-grid)
, .


250000. y+ 30 (Passage Size of
Elements Next to Wall (y+) Blade) (. 4.7).

4.3. -

-
.
Mesh Analysis, .
() Mesh Statistics

51
(. 4.8). -
, .

. 4.6. Inlet/Outlet . 4.7. Passage Mesh


Mesh Data Size


Domain
,
-
: All -
, Inlet
Outlet; Passage
.
-
. 4.8. Mesh Statistics
-
, . Value

. -
, Mesh Statistics -
52
. -
,
. ,
,
. % Bad ,
.
TurboGrid -
:
Maximum Face Angle
, . -
;
Minimum Face Angle -
, ;
Maximum Element Volume Ratio
.
Minimum Volume . -
, -
- .
Maximum Edge Length Ratio
.
Maximum Connectivity Number ,
. , -
.
-
( ):
, -
;
/
- 165, - 15. ,
.
100
;
53
-
;
.
Display (. 4.9) -
, -
-
(. 4.10). -
Mesh Analysis Show Limits.

. 4.9. Mesh Analysis Show Limits

,
, , Mesh Anal-
ysis Mesh Limits . (.
4.10) -
.

54
-
-

-
,


.
,
-
ATM Optimized,
, -
. -


Maximum Edge
Length Ratio Maximum Con-
nectivity Number, -
. 4.10. Mesh Analysis Mesh
-
Limits
.

4.4.

-
, . -
:
Insert Mesh ;
-
Generate Mesh;
.

3D Mesh (. 4.11). ,
55
, Show Mesh, -
.
3D Mesh .
. 4.12.

. 4.11. 3DMesh

. 4.12. 3D-

4.5. TurboGrid
Ansys CFX

, -
Turbo Grid -
. ,
CFX -
.
Turbo Grid -
(. 4.13):

FileSave State As.

56
TurboGrid -

-
.
-
, -
CFD- -
-
:

File Save Mesh As

,
. 4.13. File . 4.14.

.
(, -
) : -
(. . 4.14).

. 4.14. CFD-

57
, 3 4, -
-
: , ( )
.
/ -
, , -
/ .
Separate domains, one file
Save Mesh As (. 4.14). (Inlet), -
(Outlet) (Passage)
, Separate domains, multiple files.
, -
. (Inlet)
( ) -
.

58
5.

ANSYS CFX PRE

5.1. ANSYS CFX-Pre

,
, .. -
ANSYS CFX-Pre.
-
.
ANSYS CFX-Pre
Windows:

Ansys 13.0 Fluid DynamicsCF

(. . 1.2).
, Working Directory , -
(
). ( -
3 4) -
(, ).
CFX-Pre 13.0.
(. 5.1).

59
. 5.1. ANSYS CFX-Pre

5.2. ANSYS CFX-Pre

ANSYS CFX-Pre -
, ,
. :
1. FileNew Case
New Case ( ) .
New Case (. 5.2).
2. New Case
(Turbomachinery).
OK.
, -
, , -
.
-

60
-
-
.
3. -
:

File Save Case As.

4. -
.
5. Save
() -
-
.
-
. 5.2.
,
New Case
-
.

5.3.

(Basic Settings)


5.2,

Basic Settings (. 5.3).
,
-
-
. -

. 5.3. BasicSettings :
61
1. Machine Type ( )
- Axial Compressor
( ).
2. . ,
,
X , Coordi-
nate Frame( ) Coord 0 (0),
Rotation Axis .
3. Next.

5.4. ,
(Component Definition)

Next ( 5.4)

Component Definition. , . 5.4.

, ,
, -
. -
.
-
: ( ), -
,
. -
:
1. Com-
ponents (. . 5.4)
Add Component. (. 5.5),

(Type) ( Rotating
Stationary ).

62
2. , -
: ,
.
3. ( ). -
Stationary VNA (. 5.5). -
OK.
(. 5.6).
4. , Mesh (), File (),
(
. 5.6 - KVD_VNA_mesh5.gtm), Turbo-
Grid (. 3 4). -
, (.
5.6).

. 5.5. -
New Component

. 5.4. Component Defi-


nition

. ,
Type

63
(. 5.5) Rotating. -
OK.

. 5.6.

, Mesh Value -
: ( 7000 / (rev min^-
1)), File ,
Turbo Grid. ()
Wall Configuration Yes Tip
Clearance at Shroud ( -
). ,
.
, . -
(Type Stationary).
OK. , Mesh, File, -
, TurboGrid.
-
, ,
(. 5.7).

64
. 5.7. : ,

-
, ,
Next.

5.5.
(Physics Definition)

-
. , -
, . 5.1.


,
.
-
, - ,
, .

65
5.1.
Physics Definition

/
1 2
Air Ideal Gas
Fluid
(

)
Analysis Type Type Steady State
( )
Model Data Reference Pressure
,
, , -
(-
, ) . ,
0 [atm]
-
(0 )

.
-
0,
.
Model Data Heat Transfer Total Energy
. , ( , -

. )
Shear Stress Transport
Model Data Turbulence
( SST, -

)
P-total Inlet Mass Flow Outlet
Inflow/Outflow Boundary Templates
-
-
-


Inflow P-total (
)
101325[Pa] ()*

66
5.1
1 2
Inflow T-Total (
).
288 [K] *


Cylindrical Components
Inflow Flow Direction ( -

).
-
, -
,

-


Inflow Inflow Direction (a, r, t)
0,866; 0; 0,5*
(

).

-
.( -


(a), (r), -
- 30 )
(t)
Outflow Mass Flow (
).
,
: -
Per Machine

( )
.

-
.
Mass Flow Rate ( -
).
21,5 [kg s^-1] (/) *
G -

Interface Default Type Stage ()



,
.

67
5.1

1 2
Solver Parameters Advection Scheme
High Resolution
-
( )

Auto Timescale
Solver Parameters Convergence Control
(

-
,
:
. -
.


.
* . ( *)
.
, .
Next.

5.6. (Interface Definition)


(Boundary Definition)

, , -

, , , -
. -
, -
. -
, -

68
. -
(. 5.8).

. 5.8. Interface Definition

, -
.
,
(. 5.8). -
(Pe-
riodic) (Stage).
Next
Boundary Definition
. -
Next.

5.7. Turbomachinery

,
Turbomachinery.
- -
69
ANSYS CFX Pre.
Operation Enter General Mode -
Finish.
ANSYS CFX Pre(. 5.9).

. 5.9. ANSYS CFXPre


Turbomachinery

5.8.

, ,
. -
-
. , -
:
1. , -
, Materials (. 5.10) -
Air Ideal Gas ( ,
)
:

Outline Simulation Materials Air Ideal Gas.

70
Basic Settings
(. 5.11).
2. Basic Settings , -
. 5.2.

. 5.11. Basic Settings


.5.10. Air Ideal Gas


5.2
Basic Settings Air Ideal Gas


Pure Substance ( , , -
Option ()
, )
Material Group (
Air Data ( )
)

3. Material
Properties ( ).
(. 5.12). , Option,
General Material.
4. -
. -
,
Thermodynamic Properties( ), -
71
+ -
. ,

,
. 5.3.
5.

-
-
,
Transport Prop-
erties Material
Properties -
(.
5.4).


. . 5.12. Material Properties

5.9.

-
CFX-Solver Manager.
:
1. File Save Case.
-
.
2. Define Run . -
(. 5.13) File name

72
Save.
Solver Manager.
5.3.
Thermodynamic Properties


Equation of State Option Ideal Gas
( )
Molar Mass( ) 28,96 [kg kmol^-1] ( )
Specific Heat Capacity
()

Specific Heat Capacity Option Zero Pressure Polynomial


( ) -
-
1
Specific Heat Capacity a1 3,27149
Specific Heat Capacity a2 6,85475444-4[K^-1]
Specific Heat Capacity a3 0 [K^-2]
Specific Heat Capacity a4 0 [K^-3]
Specific Heat Capacity a5 0 [K^-4]
1

T :
, (*)

, -
(*) .

ANSYS CFXPre ,
, -
.

73
5.4.
Transport Properties


Dynamic Viscosity
Dynamic ViscosityOption Sutherlands Formula
( ) ( -
) 1
Dynamic ViscosityRef. Temperature 273 [K]
Dynamic ViscosityReference Viscosity 17.12-6 [kg m^-1 s^-1]
Dynamic ViscositySutherlands Constant 111 [K]
Dynamic Viscosity Temperature Exp. 1,5
Thermal Conductivity
()
()
1
:

,
(Reference Viscosity);
(Sutherlands Constant);
(Ref. Temperature);
n (Temperature Exp.).

. 5.13.

74
6.
ANSYS CFX-SOLVER

CFX-SolverManager
, . 6.1. , -
,
(*.def).
, -
:

Run Mode HPMPI Local Pa-


rallel



-

,

( -
-
). (+)
(-) -

.
. 6.1. -
75
. .. -
,
- .
-
StartRun ( ).

. 6.2. CFX-Solver Manager

.
CFX-SolverManager .
6.3. , .
.
100...200 (-
).
,
76
Stop .

-

*.res
(. 6.3).

. 6.3. , OK,

CFX-Solver Man-
ager.
*_001.res, -


. -
,
*_001.res.
,

:

. ,
, -
: -
.
ANSYS CFX Pre

- CFX-Pre, -
(. 2.9)
, *.cfx Open Case ( ). -
(Inlet)
. Boun-
77
dary Details ( )
, (. 2.51):
Mass And Momentum:
Option Total Pressure (Stable)
RelativePressure101325 [Pa]

OK.

Define Run ( ), tur-
bine.def , Quit CFX-Pre, Save.
, -
, Overwrite ()
.
CFX-Pre -
. -
, Save&Quit (
).
Ansys CFX-Pre -
CFX-Solver Manager.
(. 6.4) Initial Value Specification
( ), File Name -
-
*_001.res. , , -
: Run Mode -
>HPMPI Local Parallel
.

(. 6.5). ,
, .
- ,
. -
, -

78
, (. 6.5)
*_002.res.

. 6.4. - . 6.5. -
-

Post-Process Results Shutdown


CFX-Solver Manager ( - )
OK. -
-.

79
7.

ANSYS CFX

, -
, -
,
ANSYS CFXPost. -
-
, , ,
, . -
,
(. . 6.1) (Post-Process Re-
sults), 6.

7.1. ANSYS CFXPost


ANSYS CFX-Post Windows:

Ansys 13.0 Fluid Dynamics CFX - Post.

, -
2.2. , Working Directory -
.
(*.res). , -
CFX-Post 13,
(. 7.1).
80
. 7.1. ANSYS CFXPost

7.2.


ANSYS CFXPost -
:
1. File Load Results.
2. , File Name
*.res.
3. Open.
-
-
(. 7.2).
ANSYS CFX Post
.
res- ,
Windows.

81
. 7.2. ANSYS CFX Post

7.3. - -

ANSYS CFX Post



. ,
. -
, -
. -
:
1. (. . 7.2) -
Turbo. (. 7.3).
2. Turbo Initialization (. 7.4)
(Yes) -
-.

82
. 7.4. Turbo Initialization

. 7.3. Turbo

. 7.5. . 7.6. Turbo


Turbo

83
-
-. -
-
(. 7.5), Turbo -
() () (. 7.6).

7.4.


, ,
. ,

VNA, RK1 NA1 Turbo (Initiali-
zation). Details
of (). Instancing (. 7.7).
#of Copies , , 2 (2 ).
Apply. -
, (. 7.8).

. 7.7. Detail of (VNA) . 7.8.


84
7.5.

ANSYS CFX-Post -

, -
:

(Blade Loading);

(Circumferential);
(Hub to
Shroud);
(Inlet to
Outlet).

Turbo Charts
Turbo (. . 7.6).
-
(
)
, 0,5
(50%) ,
:

BladeLoading
Turbo:
Plots Turbo Charts Blade
Loading.
. 7.9.
-

85
(. 7.9). , Domain
( 7.9 NA1). Span
,
0,5.
Axis Variable ,
.
Streamwise .
Y Axis Variable -
. (Pressure).
Apply.


(. 7.10).

. 7.10. - . 7.11.

5. Y Axis Variable -
, Mach Number, Apply.

(.7.11).

86
-
.

7.6.

-
Outline .
,
(. 7.12).
VNA, RK1 NA1 (Cases
KVDStypen_Pstat_tsf01_004 *) , -
.
, -
.
, , -

NA1 Blade NA1 Hub. -
(. 7.12).
-
.

. 7.12.

87
7.7. -


--
. - -
:
Constant Span Location -, -
(
) ;
Constant Streamwise Location -,

.
-
:
1.

Insert Location Turbo Surface;

2. Insert Turbo Surface (. 7.13)


-, , Constant Span.
3. .
Details of Constant Span. ,
Geometry, Method
-. Con-
stant Span, , -
-
. Value(. 7.14) -

0 1, -

0% 100%(0 , 100 - -
. 7.13. Insert Turbo
) . , Surface

88
Value, 0.05 (5% ) (. 7.17).
- Con-
stant Span 0,25; 0,5, 0,75 0,95( -
), ,
.
, Domains ,
.
-, -
:
1. Insert Location Turbo Surface;
2. Insert Turbo Surface (. 7.15)
- Constant Steamwise 0. 0
, -
.
3. .
Details of Constant Steamwise
(. 7.15). , Geometry, Method
- Constant Steamwise Location,
,
. Value -
0 3. ,
. 0 -
, 3 - . -
. .. 0 1 -
, 1 2 2 3 .
, Value 1,5
(. .7.15).
,
, .

89
. 7.14. Details of Constant . 7.15 . Details of Constant
Span Streamwise

, --
Outline User
Locations and Plots (. 7.16) , -
7.4.
- User Locations and Plots
, :
, , .. -
- . 7.17.

7.8.
-


- , -

90
.
- -
, :

Insert Contour.

. 7.16. User Locations and


Plots

. 7.17. -

.
, Static Pressure Span 50,
-
Constant Span 50.
(. 7.18).
Details of Contour Geometry, Locations
- Constant
Span 50. Variable ,
Pressure ( ). -
Apply.
Outline User Locations and
Plots (. 7.19) -
(Contour) Static Pressure Span 50,
(. 7.20).

91
. 7.18. Insert Contour

. 7.19. Outline

-
-, -
Static Pressure Span 50
(. . 7.19). , -
. -
Z+.

View1 Predefined Camera View
From Z+.
-
Static Pressure, Static Temperature, Mach Number,
Total Pressure, Total Temperature -Constant
Span 50. ( 7.20...7.24).
-
, (. 7.25).
,
, :
, ..
Locations -
. , VNA Blade. -
.
7.26.

92
. 7.20.

. 7.21. 50%

93
. 7.22. 50% -

. 7.23. 50%

94
. 7.24. 50% -

. 7.25. -
,

95
. 7.26.

7.9.

Insert Steamline.

,
.
Details of Steamline Geometry,
Type 3D Steamline (
). Start From ( ...)
VNAInlet, , -
.
# of Points ( ) -
250.
Variable ,
, Velocity.
96
Apply.
Outline User Locations and
Plots Steam line 1,
(. 7.27).

. 7.27.

7.10. -

Insert Vectors.

,
(, VelocitySpan 50)
.
Details of Vectors Geometry,
Locations -
Constant Span 50. Variable ,
,
Velocity.
Apply.

97
-
-,
VelocitySpan 50. -

( -
Z).

View Predefined CameraView To-
wards Z+ (. 7.28).

. 7.28.

7.11.

ANSYS
CFXPost . -
, .

(Function Calculator).
, -
Calculators Function
Calculator, :
98
Tools Function Calculator.

. 7.29.

. 7.29.

Function , -
(mass Flow). Location -
, ,
VNAInlet Calculate. Re-
sults .
Clear previous re-
sults on calculate, -
. , NA1 Outlet
Calculate -
.

.

99

1. , ..
[]/.. , .. , .. . - -
, 2003. 336.
2. , ..
[]/.. , .. , .. . .: -
, 1986. 432.
3. Japike D., Baines N.C., Introduction to Turbomachinery []. Concept
NREC ETIINc
4. .. . .: , 1961. 671.
5. , . []. 2-
/ . , . , . . . ,1990.- 384.
6. .., .., ..
. - :
, 2002. 341.
7. , .
[]/ . . ., 1984. 150.
8. . . : .
. .: , 1979. 408 .
9. . . . . . -
. .:, 1980. 220.
10. , . []. 2-
/. . .: , 1991. 1056.
11. . . . , 1974. - 711.
12. www.ansyssolutions.ru[ ].
13. Ansys CFX Users Manual[ ].

100

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