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Customer Training Material

Workshop 6A

Stress Relaxation

ANSYS Mechanical
Structural Nonlinearities

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-1 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Goal
Predict rate dependent stress relaxation of structure using an implicit time
hardening creep model.

Model Description
C-Clamp assembly consisting of a C-Clamp
3D solid body meshed with
tetrahedral elements to represent
the clamp and a line body meshed
with beam elements to represent
the bolt
Bolt tied to the clamp body via Bolt
fixed joints at each end.
Materials:
Rate dependent structural steel for
clamp
High strength rate independent
steel for bolt

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-2 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Model Description (contd)


Materials:
Bolt: Rate independent structural steel
Clamp: Rate dependent structural steel that relaxes according to the following
Modified Time Hardening formula:

C2 C3 1 C4 /T
C1 t e
cr
C3 1
Where: C1 = 2e-10, C2=1, C3=1.5, C4 = 0, metric units (N, mm)

Load specifications:
10,000N bolt pretension loading for 150 seconds

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-3 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Steps to Follow:
Restore Archive browse for file W6a-creep.wbpz

Save as
File name: W6a-creep
Save as type: Workbench Project Files (*.wbpj)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-4 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

The project Schematic should look like the


picture to the right.
From this Schematic, you can see that Engineering
(material) Data and Geometry have already been
defined (green check marks).
It remains to define the rate dependent creep
material properties, set up and run the FE model in
Mechanical

Highlight the Engineering Data Cell and open by


clicking on the Right Mouse Button (RMB)=>Edit.
Verify that the units are in Metric(Tonne,mm,..)
system. If not, fix this by clicking on
Utility Menu=>Units=>Metric(Tonne, mm,..)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-5 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Define the creep material model


Highlight the Default Structural
Steel material and RMB=>Duplicate
to create a separate material model.
Rename this new material Creep

With the new Creep material


model highlighted, go to the Toolbox
and insert a Modified Time
Hardening creep model from the
Creep folder.

The Engineering Data page should


now look as shown

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-6 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Define the creep material model (contd)


Set the Reference Length Unit to mm
Using the constant values from page WS6A-3 fill in the data table accordingly

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-7 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Return to the Project Schematic


Refresh project

Double click on the Model Cell to open the FE Model (Mechanical


Session) (or RMB=>Edit)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-8 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Once inside the Mechanical application, verify the working unit system
Unit > Metric (mm,kg,N,s,mV,mA)
Open the folders beneath the model branch to become familiar with the
model set-up.
Expand Geometry branch and note the two different body types (solid body for
the clamp, line body for the bolt).
Expand the Connections branch and note the two fixed joints designed to connect
the ends of the bolt to the faces of the clamp by way of constraint equations
automatically. The pinball is sized to represent the extent of bolt head and nut
interface with the clamped surfaces.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-9 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Highlight the Solid body representing the clamp and change material
assignment to the Creep model

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-10 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Loads and Boundary conditions.


The back face of the clamp body is fixed.
A bolt pretension load is applied to the line body over two load steps
LS 1 calculates the adjustment needed in bolt shank length to produce user defined bolt
load
LS2 locks the adjustment into the bolt via constraint equations .

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-11 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Highlight the Analysis Settings branch,set number of load steps to 2 and


define the Solution Control specifications as shown for each load step.
Note:
LS1 establishes the static stress state in one substep at time zero (=1e-006 s)
with the Creep Effects turned Off.
LS2 activates the creep calculation (end time =150 s) over several substeps,
allowing bisections if/when creep strain exceeds 10 times the elastic strain.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-12 April 2011
ANSYS Mechanical Structural Nonlinearities

Workshop 6A: Stress Relaxation Customer Training Material

Execute the solve


This run should converge without trouble,
but might take a few minutes depending on
hardware.
Note the development in creep strain as
indicated by nonzero values reported for
creep ratio in the solver output during the
run.

After Solution is complete, Post process


results (displacement, stress, strain,etc)
Insert Equivalent Creep Strain
Notice how the Equivalent Creep Strain
increases (as expected) over time, while the
bolt load and equivalent stress dissipates as
the structure relaxes.
Animate various results over time to confirm
these effects.

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary Release 13.0


2011 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS6A-13 April 2011