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Solid Mechanics and Mechanic of Materials


Solid mechanics or Mechanics of solids is the branch of Mechanics,

Physics, Mathematics that concerns the behavior of solid matter under
external actions (e.g., external forces, temperature changes, applied
displacements, etc.).

It is a branch of science which deals with the internal effects of the forces
on the bodies when they are loaded, from initial point to rupture or break.

Strength of Materials:-
Strength of materials deals with the relations between externally applied
loads and their internal effects on the bodies.


Mechanics: the branch of applied mathematics dealing with motion and

forces producing motion.

Strength of Materials: subject which deals with the behavior of solid

objects subject to stresses and strains.

Difference between Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer


Thermodynamics is the branch of science that studies energy and its

manifestations, and provides a framework for converting from one type to
the other (i.e. the laws of thermodynamics).

Heat transfer, on the other hand, deals with only one type of energy
(heat) and how it is transferred from one body to another (the name is
pretty straightforward).

Heat transfer is pretty much a branch of thermodynamics.

Thermodynamics stablishes the basic laws on which natural systems
operate. Heat transfer comes up with mechanisms that can exist in a
thermodynamic framework.
For example: thermodynamics stablishes that the internal energy of a
body must increase by the amount of heat you provide it. No more, no
less. Heat transfer describes the mechanisms that explain how heat will
propagate from the heater to the body (and within the body itself) and
how long the process takes.


Thermodynamics tells us:

how much heat is transferred (dQ)
how much work is done (dW)
final state of the system

Heat transfer tells us:

how (with what modes) dQ is transferred
at what rate dQ is transferred
temperature distribution inside the body


Thermodynamics is the study of enthalpy, entropy, energy, and work, and

how they relate to one another.

Heat transfer is the study of how energy actually flows through systems
by conduction, convection, etc.

Thermo is the study of the basic laws that govern heat transfer.


Heat transfer is the movement of heat energy by Conduction, Convection

and Radiation between hot substances and cold substances within a
controlled system as in 'Heat Exchangers' for instance.
The process is governed by the laws of 'Thermodynamics' which deals
with the effects of Work, Heat, Energy and Entropy within a system .

Difference between Fluid Dynamics and Fluid Mechanic

Dynamics is the part of Mechanics (which, in turn, is a part of Physics) that studies movement and its
causes. Basically, it studies movement and the forces that cause movement. So, Dynamics is a
subset of Mechanics.

Fluid mechanics is the part of mechanics applied specifically to fluids. And fluid dynamics is the
subset of fluid mechanics that studies the movement of fluids. Involves Bernouille equation, continuity
equation, etc. A kinda beautiful part of Physics! If you haven't studied it, I strongly recommend you do.
You'll deal with divergents, gradients, rotationals, Jacobian matrices, etc


Fluid Mechanics is the study of how fluids move and the forces on them.Where as Fluid Dynamics is the "sub-
discipline" of fluid mechanics dealing with fluid flow.
In English Fluid Dynamics is the study of fluid movement and fluid statics are the study of fluids at rest. These two
items make up Fluid Mechanics!


Dynamics is a subset of mechanics and deals with the motion of the fluid system and the
involved forces therein. Mechanics, on the other hand involves study of kinematics and
statics as well which are the branch of fluid flow without involving force analysis and
static fluid (bulk usually) system respectively.


Continuum Elasticity
mechanics Describes materials that return to their rest shape after

The study of the Solid mechanics applied stresses are removed.

physics of continuous The study of the physics of

materials continuous materials with a

defined rest shape. Plasticity Rheology

Describes materials that permanently The study of materials

deform after a sufficient applied stress. with both solid and fluid


Fluid mechanics Non-Newtonian fluids do not

The study of the physics of undergo strain rates
continuous materials which proportional to the applied
deform when subjected to a shear stress.
Newtonian fluids undergo strain rates proportional
to the applied shear stress.