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ELC 590

PREPARATION OUTLINE

Students Name : MUHAMMAD NUR SYAFIQ BIN CHE JOHAN


Faculty / Group : Faculty of Architecture, Planning And Surveying / RAP2201B
Lecturers Name : MS SITI RAFIZAH FATIMAH BT OSMAN
Title : THREE ASPECTS OF FLOODS.
General Purpose : To inform
Specific Purpose : To inform my audience about three aspects of floods.
Central Idea : The three aspects of floods are the serious long-term health risks, maintain
high level of personal hygiene and medical repercussion.

Introduction

I. This story is about me that happened eleven years ago when I


was twelve.
II. At first, I thought this disaster was like water theme park because Attention
I saw many people swim, play boat and dive independently.
III. One day, the fun turns into tragedy when I nearly drowned after Grabber
I fell from a boat, but I was lucky because my dad was at that
time and he saved me.
A. Until now, this disaster becomes a fear to me. Introductio
B. The disaster that i'm trying to said is floods. n of topic
IV. I have a lot of expriences and knowledges about this disaster,
and I did some reseach about it. Establishment
V. Today I would like to inform you about the three aspect of floods of credibility
consist problems, solutions and repercussion.
Preview
statement

Body

I. Floods pose serious long-term health risks.


A. The risks develop through the water.
1. Water will bring the risk when people do not get enough food and clean water
supply.
2. The repeated use unclean water will expose users to contagious diseases.

B. One of the risks is the development of Leptospirosis disease.


1. Wikipedia (2016) Leptospirosis disease contracted through contact of skin
and mucous membrane with water or environment dirty with infected animal
urine rat.
2. The data in the study by the Disease Control Division Department of Public
Health Ministry of Health Malaysia (2011) indicated Leptospirosis is usually a
seasonal disease, cases may occur throughout the year with outbreaks
associated with extreme changing weather events such as heavy rainfall and
flooding.

(Transition: Given the problem, so whats the solution?)

II. These risks can be prevented by maintaining a high level of personal hygiene.
A. One of the ways for personal hygiene is washing hands with soap and clean
water.
1. They should be wash hand before eating and after eating with
soap.
2. If hands are not washed, Infection will easily occur.

B. Another ways for personal hygiene is drinking water that has been boiled.
1. Boiled water will remove the chlorine.
2. The Ministry of Health Malaysia (2011) suggested floods victims to keep flood
victims to use clean water and keep the water clean enough to significantly
reduce infection.

(Preview: Should you deny personal hygiene, your health condition will worsen.)
III. There will be serious medical repercussions if the floods victims do not maintain a
high level of personal hygiene.
A. One of the repercussions is their chances of developing bacteria will increase.
1. Smith (2013) found that those who do not maintain personal hygiene such
as not drinking clean water over one day had an increased chance of
developing bacteria named E.Colli.
2. A study by Thompson (2015) has identified an increase in the incidence of
kidney failure, in the area where the water is gathered.

B. Another repercussion is users who use unclean water will expose they to a
greater cancer risk.
1. A study by Morris (2008) revealed that who drink often unclean water had
stomach cancer, throat cancer, kidney unfail.
2. This happens to who not cooking water before use because in water have
the many type of bacteria.

Conclusion
I. In conclusion, we have seen the three aspect effect of flood.
II. Do you remember the story about me that almost drowned
eleven years ago? Restatem
III. Think about it, if worse tragedy occurred upon you, your families, ent of
your best friend or your relatives in floods, are you ready for that? preview
IV. It is hoped that you will be well prepared when the tragedy gone worse. Final Comment
statement
V. If you do not protect them who else you can rely on?
(Recommendation
and Prediction)

References
Division, D. C. (2011). GUIDELINES FOR THE DIAGNOSIS , MANAGEMENT , PREVENTION
AND CONTROL OF LEPTOSPIROSIS IN.

Morris, R. D. (1995). Drinking Water and Cancer, 225231.

Mohd Nor, F., & Assistant, S. P. (2015). Prevention & Control of Communicable Diseases During
and After The Flood; Kelantan Experience .., (October).

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