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R.P.M.

CALCULATION

Motor rpm X motor pulley


Comp. rpm = ------------------------------------
Comp. pulley

1440 X 6
Comp. = -------------------------
12

= 720 comp. rpm

MASS FLOW CALCU.

COM. Capacity 25000 Btu/ h


Suction p. = 45 PSI Sub. Cooling = 5 F0
Discharge p = 350 PSI.
25000
= 130 -5 F0 = 125 = -------------- = 20
125

Actual mass flow rat = 350 PSI 5 F0 = 90


20
Therefore = O = ------ = 4.5 mass flow
90
12000 but= 1ton 3225 kcal = 1ton 1ton = 3.5 KW

The power assembly has gas with the use of gas in the unit
Just lick system gas is 12 the assembly gas is 12.

CALCULATION OF HEAT TRANSFOR

Mdt = Greatest temp.Difference – least temp. Difference

Greatest temp. Difference


2.3 log 10 = --------------------------------------------------
Last temp. Difference

Greatest temp. Diff, + least temp. diff.


Mtd = ---------------------------------------------------
2
For example if the ice cream mixes enter cooler at 50 F0 and leave at 40F0
With a brine temp.of 20 F0
(50-20) + (40-20) (30+20) 50
Mtd = -------------------------- = ----------------- = ---------- = 25F0
2 2 2
By the arithmetic method
NOTES:-
01 In one ton of refrigeration water cold condenser require water flow
Is 15 litter per.minit.
02 Cooling tower selection are more then 1.5 % of machine.
03 Compressor motor selected by more then 3.5 K.W. of compressor.

OPEN UNIT Tr. CALCULATION

N = R.P.M. n = number of cylinder D = dia of bore.


2
Phi D 3
Volume = --------- X N X n X storks unit ft / minute.
4

Volume = 50
--------- ------- = 10.5 Tr.
4.74 4.74

CALCULATION OF CONDENSER SIZE

If cond. Size is 84 x 36 x 4 note 84 is length


--------------- = 84 squire/ ft.
144 36 is birth.
Ret is 310 Rupp. Per. Sq. ft.
4 is row of cond.
310 x 84 = 26040 /- all daimation are inches.

DAMPER CALCULATION

Size is 18 x 18 = 342 = 342


------- = 2.25 sq.ft
144
3ft
Ret is 260 x 2.25 = 585 amount
Duct
AIR-COOLING DATA C.F.M. 2ft
1ft
Aria X height X air changes
------------------------------------ = C.F.M.
60
12+24*36=1296*2
6000 X 16 X 30 Sq.ft of duct =--------------------- = 18 sq.ft
-------------------- = 48000 C.F.M. 144
60

Notes: - Always in air cooling system air change is


Required as ventilation. 30/40/50/100%
CALCULATION OF CABINET LITTER CAPACITY

Outer size of body – Insulation = Inner body


48” - 6” = 42” 48” = length
30” - 5” = 25” 30” = berth
72” - 24” = 48” Comp. & stand + insulation 72” = height

42” X 25” X 48” = 50400

50400
= --------------- = 812.64 is the litter capacity of cabinet
62.02 62.02 are divided ans of cubic ft.

K.W. TO H.P.

W. 1500
------------------ = H.P. = ----------------- = 2.0 H.P.
746 746

F TO C

1.8 X C + 32 = F0 0.55 (F - 32) = C0

MASERMENT OF SUPPER HEAT

Exp. Suction tem. = 52 F0

Suction presser = 68 PSI which is equal to = 40 F0

= 52 F0 - 40 F0 = 12 F0 Supper heat is 12 F0

COPPER PIPE REQUIRED PER TON (CHILLER COIL)

 1/2’’ copper pipe 90 ft per ton


 5/8” copper pipe 70 ft per ton
 3/8” copper pipe 110 ft per ton
UNIT DETAILS
1. 1Watt = 0.86 Kcal/h 11.1Kilo-calorie = 3.97 Btu
2. 1 Kcal/h = 1.163 Watt 12. 1Btu =
3. 1 Watt = 3.41 Btu/h 13. Cfm = cubic feet per minute
4. 1 Btu/h = 0.293 Watt 14. Cmh = Cubic meter per hour
5. 1 Ton = 3518.6 Watt 15. 1 Ton = 12000 Btu
6. 1 KW = 1.36 PS 16. 1 Ton = 3225 Kacl
7. 1 PS = 0.739 K.W. 17.
8. 1Mpa = 10Kg /cm 2 18.
9. 1Barg = 9.8 Kg/cm 2 19.
10. 14.5 PSI = 1Kg/ cm 2 20.
If the volume of air handled by the evaporator fan of an air-conditioning plant is
12000 c.f.m and the face area of the evaporator coil is 20 sq.ft. The velocity of air
Over the coil will be.
12000
-------- = 600 feet per minute (fpm)
20

SETTING OF ICE CUBE MACHINE


01 If expansion valve setting is disturbed for resetting fully open valve
Then seat one turn and see one lot if cube not proper again turn one turn and see another lot.
02 First fully open the hot gas valve then run machine up to one lot
If ice cube is not come properly then tune the expansion valve
Titer one turn clockwise and take one lot and add gas if require.

SETTING OF CAPACITY CONTROL VOLTAS COM.

If you want to unload the compressor turn stem ante clock wise
If you want to load the compressor turn stem clock wise
EXPANSION VALVE ADJUSTMENT
To Reduce the superheat turn the adjusting stem Counter-Clockwise.
To Increase the superheat turn the adjusting stem Clockwise.
Notes:- Expansion is already set and tested in factory theirs on need to set.

10Tr.WATER CHILLER SHELL AND TUBE TYPE

1. Compressor den force manuroop sm100


2. Condenser shell type 10 Tr.
3. Chiller shell type 10 Tr.
4. Condenser pump 2 hp 01 no water circulation 200 litter per/ mini
5. Chiller pump 2 hp 01 no water circulation 200 litter per/ mini
6. Water presser 2 Kg. both
7. Refrigerant gas R22 15 Kg.

5 Tr. CHILLER WITH ELECTRICAL PANEL

Chiller tank size is 20” X 24” X 30”


Expansion valve T.E.X. 2 / Pump 1 Hp or 1/2 Hp RPM 2700
Head /22 / 3 phases / Condenser size 3Row 3/8” pipe
30” X 50” X 4”/ chiller shell & tube type 5Tr.
CONVERTION OF SYSTEM R12 INTO R22

01. Compressor

 First we change the piston with aluminums piston.


 Then change the valve reed both suction & discharge.
 Connecting bearing if it not proper change
 Compressor main bearing pump & seal side both change.
 Make a harder in discharge line 6”X8”
 Oil seal must be cheek and change.
 Compressor pulley must be change.50% less then old pulley.
 Expansion valve must be change with R22
 Heat exchanger must be add in system as per require size
 Shaft play must be minimum therefore seal work properly
02. Condenser
• If water cold condenser make header on discharge line.
• If air cold condenser make same as water cold
• And increase air flow as per R22 required.

AMONIA GAS HEAT LOAD CALCULATION

01. to cool 1000 liters of water from 10 C0 to 5 C0


Weight of 1000 liter of water = 1000 Kg.
Heat to be removed to cool from 10 C0 to 5 C0 = 10-5 = 5
i.g. (specific heat of water = 1)
= 1000 Kg. X 5 C0 X 1 = 5000 Kcal
5000
= -------------- = 1.55 Ton
3225
02 In ammonia plant the I.B.T. coil make per cylinder is 24’ fit long X 2” Dia 24 no’s
Pipe must in condenser

03 For cooling coil 1000 fit per cylinder is required


04 To cool 300 US gel. Of water from 53 F0 to 45 F0
Weight 300 US gel of water = 300 X 8.33 = 2500 lbs
Heat to be remove 53F-45F0 = 8F0

=2500 lbs X 8 X 1 = 20825 BTU

20825
= ------------ = 1.62 Ton
12800
05 To cool 1000 liters of calcium chloride brine from 2 C to -3C (specific heat of brine
= 0.73, specific gravity of brine = 1.182)
Heat remove 2C to (-3C) = 5C

= 1000 X 1.182 = 1182 Kg brine water weight


= 1182 X 5 = 5910 Kcal

5910
= ----------- = 1.83 Ton
3225

06 To cool 1000 litter of calcium chloride brine from 10oC to -3o C ( Specific heat of brine =0.73
Specific gravity of brine = 1.82)
Weight of 1000 litter of brine = 1000X1.182 = 1182 Kg
Heat remove to cool from 100C to -30C ie by 50C

= 1182X5=5910 Kcal

5910
---------------- = 2.5Tr
12000

2.5Tr of ref. 2500 per hus ie 2.5X4=10Tr of ref. system for 1000litter of brine
To main tended the -30 C

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