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1.

Table of Contents
2. Dedication
3. Preface
4. Acknowledgements
5. PART 1: Standards and Procedures
6. Project Procedures
7. Regulations and Standards
8. Power Company Network
9. Coordination with Local Power Company
10. Load Estimates
11. Revenue and Check Metering
12. Capital Cost Estimate
13. PART 2: Selection of Network
14. 8. Basic Principles
15. 9. Residential System Networks
16. 10. Commercial System Networks
17. 11. Industrial System Networks
18. 12. Overhead Power Distribution
19. 13. Pole-mounted Substation
20. 14. Outdoor High-voltage Switchyard
21. PART 3: Space Planning and Installation
22. 15. Space Planning, Storage and Installation
23. 16. Rooms and Areas Containing Electrical Equipment
24. 17. Installation in Hazardous Areas
25. 18. Installation in Wet Areas
26. 19. Cable Installation and Support Systems
27. 20. Cable Terminations and Joints
28. Tools & Media
29. figure (250)
30. table (71)
31.

32. Expanded Table of Contents


33. Dedication
34. Preface
35. Acknowledgements
36. PART 1: Standards and Procedures
37. Project Procedures
38. GENERAL
39. FEASIBILITY STUDY
40. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN REPORT (CDR) OR DESIGN FEATURES REPORT (DFR)
41. DETAILED DESIGN
42. TENDER PROCESS
43. CHANGES TO CONTRACT DOCUMENT AND CONSTRUCTION ISSUE
44. SHOP OR VENDOR DRAWING REVIEW
45. CONTRACT INSTRUCTION OR SITE INSTRUCTION
46. CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION AND CONSTRUCTION QUERIES
47. FACTORY TESTING
48. SITE TESTING AND COMMISSIONING
49. AS-BUILT DOCUMENTATION
50. Regulations and Standards
51. GENERAL
52. LOCAL ELECTRICAL REGULATIONS
53. LOCAL BUILDING REGULATIONS
54. LOCAL FIRE REGULATIONS
55. INSURANCE COMPANY REQUIREMENTS
56. LOCAL POWER COMPANY REQUIREMENTS
57. LOCAL DANGEROUS GOODS REQUIREMENTS
58. LOCAL COUNCIL REQUIREMENTS
59. CLIENT OR USER STANDARDS
60. NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
61. COMPLIANCE PROCEDURE
62. CONCLUSION
63. Power Company Network
64. GENERAL
65. GENERATION
66. TRANSMISSION
67. PRIMARY DISTRIBUTION
68. SECONDARY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
69. SUPPLY METHOD AND VOLTAGE TO CUSTOMER
70. PRIVATIZATION AND DE-REGULATION OF THE POWER INDUSTRY
71. Coordination with Local Power Company
72. GENERAL
73. SUPPLY AVAILABILITY AND RELIABILITY
74. COST OF SUPPLY
75. POWER ON DATE
76. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
77. SUPPLY OPTION, SOURCE AND ROUTE
78. DEMARCATION
79. REVENUE METER LOCATION
80. TARIFFS
81. EASEMENTS
82. THREE-PHASE AND SINGLE-PHASE FAULT LEVELS AT THE POINT OF HIGH-
VOLTAGE SUPPLY
83. PROTECTION SETTINGS OF THE RELAYS/HV FUSE CHARACTERISTICS
WITHIN THE POWER COMPANY'S EQUIPMENT
84. IN-HOUSE GENERATION
85. LARGEST MOTOR SIZE
86. LIMITATION ON HARMONICS
87. LEGAL LIMITS OF VOLTAGE AND FREQUENCY VARIATIONS
88. SECURITY MEASURES
89. FACILITIES REQUIRED BY THE LOCAL POWER COMPANY
90. Load Estimates
91. GENERAL
92. TYPES
93. TIMING
94. LOAD DATA
95. RECORD
96. INITIAL MAXIMUM DEMAND ESTIMATION
97. DETAILED LOAD ESTIMATE
98. LOAD TYPE
99. MOTORS
100. NORMAL AND STANDBY EQUIPMENT
101. FUTURE LOAD PROVISION
102. DIVERSITY FACTOR
103. MAXIMUM DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR DISTRIBUTION BOARD
104. MAXIMUM DEMAND CALCULATIONS FOR APARTMENT OR FREE
STANDING HOUSE
105. MAXIMUM DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR MOTOR CONTROL CENTRE
(SWITCHBOARD)
106. MAXIMUM DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR LOW-VOLTAGE
SWITCHBOARD (ALSO CALLED AS POWER CENTRE)
107. EQUIPMENT NOT CONNECTED TO SWITCHBOARD
108. MAXIMUM DEMAND CALCULATIONS FOR HIGH-VOLTAGE
SWITCHBOARD
109. MAXIMUM DEMAND CALCULATIONS FOR BUS BARS OR POWER
TRANSFORMER IN SWITCHYARD
110. MAXIMUM DEMAND WHOLE SYSTEM
111. MAXIMUM DEMAND ESTIMATION FOR EMERGENCY LIGHTING
SOURCE OR GENERATOR
112. Revenue and Check Metering
113. GENERAL
114. BASIC CONSTRUCTION
115. SELECTION CRITERIA
116. TYPE OF CUSTOMER
117. TYPE OF SUPPLY
118. ACCURACY CLASS OF METERS
119. MANUAL VS REMOTE METER READING
120. REVENUE METER LOCATION
121. REVENUE METERING ARRANGEMENT
122. REVENUE METER READING
123. BILLING PERIOD
124. REVENUE METER CALIBRATION
125. RIPPLE CONTROL
126. TARIFFS
127. COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL TARIFF
128. COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL CUSTOMERS WITH GENERATING
PLANT
129. Capital Cost Estimate
130. GENERAL
131. ELEMENTS OF COST ESTIMATION
132. COST ESTIMATION
133. COST ESTIMATE FOR A HOUSE
134. COST ESTIMATE FOR APARTMENT
135. COST ESTIMATE FOR HIGH-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
136. COST ESTIMATE FOR A SINGLE COMMERCIAL UNIT
137. COST ESTIMATE FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDING ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
138. COST ESTIMATE FOR INDUSTRIAL SYSTEM
139. PART 2: Selection of Network
140. Basic Principles
141. GENERAL
142. DESIGN CRITERIA
143. LOCAL ISOLATION OF EQUIPMENT
144. ISOLATION OF INCOMING POWER SUPPLY
145. INTERLOCK BETWEEN TWO INCOMING SUPPLIES
146. REMOTE EARTH SWITCH INTERLOCK
147. TRANSFORMER WINDING OR OIL TEMPERATURE RELAY
CONNECTION
148. EARTH LEAKAGE PROTECTION
149. SPECIAL INSTALLATIONS
150. DESIGN OF LIGHTING AND SMALL POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
151. INCOMING POWER SUPPLY ARRANGEMENT
152. HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS
153. CHOICE OF INTERNAL SUPPLY VOLTAGE
154. MODIFICATIONS TO EXISTING SYSTEM
155. DESIGN DOCUMENTS
156. Residential System Networks
157. GENERAL
158. INCOMING POWER SUPPLY FREE STANDING HOUSE
159. INCOMING POWER SUPPLY TO AN APARTMENT BUILDING
160. INCOMING POWER SUPPLY TO A COMPLEX CONTAINING MORE THAN
ONE BUILDING
161. DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM FOR APARTMENT BUILDING AND COMPLEX
162. REVENUE METERING FOR APARTMENT BUILDING AND COMPLEX
163. POWER REQUIREMENT FOR HOUSE AND APARTMENT
164. POWER REQUIREMENT FOR COMMON AREAS OR SERVICES WITHIN
APARTMENT BUILDINGS AND COMPLEX
165. LUMINAIRES FOR HOUSE OR APARTMENT
166. LUMINAIRES FOR COMMON AREAS IN APARTMENT BUILDING AND
COMPLEX
167. CONTROL SYSTEM
168. STANDBY POWER
169. CABLE INSTALLATION IN A COMPLEX
170. CABLE INSTALLATION WITHIN AN APARTMENT BUILDING
171. INTERNAL DISTRIBUTION WITHIN AN APARTMENT/HOUSE
172. OUTDOOR DISTRIBUTION
173. Commercial System Networks
174. GENERAL
175. POWER REQUIREMENT
176. UPS AND EMERGENCY LIGHTING
177. REVENUE AND CHECK METERING
178. WAREHOUSE BUILDING
179. CINEMAS
180. ENTERTAINMENT/CONFERENCE CENTRE
181. HOTEL
182. RESTAURANT
183. COMMUNICATION FACILITY/IT CENTRE
184. EDUCATIONAL BUILDINGS
185. WORKSHOP
186. OFFICE BUILDING
187. A SHOPPING CENTRE BUILDING
188. SHOP/DEPARTMENTAL STORE/SUPER MARKET
189. MARINA
190. AIRPORT
191. PORTS
192. Industrial System Networks
193. GENERAL
194. DESIGN PROCESS
195. INDUSTRIES WITH LOAD LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 1000 KVA
196. INDUSTRIES WITH LOAD ABOVE 1 MVA AND MULTIPLE
BUILDINGS/OUTDOOR PLANTS
197. Overhead Power Distribution
198. TOWNSHIP POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
199. INTERNAL POWER DISTRIBUTION IN AN INDUSTRIAL PLANT
200. POWER SUPPLY TO A REMOTE LOCATION
201. SELECTION OF VOLTAGE
202. COMPONENTS
203. SKIN AND PROXIMITY EFFECT
204. CORONA
205. INTERFERENCE WITH COMMUNICATION CIRCUITS
206. ROUTE
207. CONDUCTOR CONFIGURATIONS
208. PHASE-TO-PHASE AND PHASE-TO-EARTH CLEARANCE
209. OTHER CLEARANCES
210. LOCATIONS OF POLES
211. SAG AND STRINGING TENSION CALCULATIONS
212. EFFECT OF ICE AND WIND
213. STRINGING CHARTS
214. TYPES OF INSULATORS
215. ROAD AND PIPE LINE CROSSINGS
216. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
217. VOLTAGE REGULATION
218. CONSTRUCTION
219. JOINTS
220. AC VS DC TRANSMISSION
221. Pole-mounted Substation
222. CONFIGURATIONS
223. CLEARANCES
224. POLES AND CROSS ARMS
225. GANG OPERATED DISCONNECT (GOD)
226. DROP OUT FUSE (DOF)
227. LIGHTNING ARRESTERS
228. CONDUCTOR
229. EARTHING
230. Outdoor High-voltage Switchyard
231. SWITCHYARD EQUIPMENT
232. BUSBAR SCHEMES
233. TYPES OF CIRCUITS
234. CLEARANCES
235. CONDUCTORS
236. PROTECTION
237. INTERLOCKS
238. STRUCTURES
239. TRENCHES
240. ROADS
241. TRACKS
242. FENCE
243. LIGHTING
244. OTHER SERVICES WITHIN SWITCHYARD
245. CONTROL
246. EARTHING
247. LIGHTNING PROTECTION
248. SUBSTATION BUILDING
249. AUXILIARY SUPPLIES
250. PART 3: Space Planning and Installation
251. 15. Space Planning, Storage and Installation
252. GENERAL
253. SPACE PLANNING
254. CRITERIA FOR SPACE PLANNING
255. HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHBOARD
256. TRANSFORMER
257. WALL MOUNTED LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCHBOARDS
258. FREE STANDING LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCHBOARDS
259. EXAMPLE OF CALCULATING THE LENGTH OF A SWITCHBOARD
CONTAINING THE FOLLOWING MODULES
260. UPS
261. DIESEL GENERATOR SYSTEM
262. MOTORS
263. DRIVES
264. FREE STANDING CONTROL PANEL
265. BATTERIES AND CHARGER
266. LUMINAIRES
267. CABLE ROUTES
268. RISERS
269. PLATFORMS
270. STORAGE AND PROTECTION OF EQUIPMENT
271. QUALITY AND WORKMANSHIP
272. INSTALLATION
273. TRANSFORMER
274. HV AND LV MOTORS
275. BUS DUCT (HV/LV)
276. SWITCHBOARD, DISTRIBUTION BOARD, MCC AND CONTROL PANEL
277. LOCAL CONTROL STATIONS (LCS) FOR MOTORS
278. CAPACITORS
279. BATTERY, CHARGER AND UPS
280. HEALTH AND SAFETY
281. 16. Rooms and Areas Containing Electrical Equipment
282. GENERAL
283. DOORS
284. WALLS
285. FLOOR
286. VENTILATION
287. FIRE PROTECTION
288. EMERGENCY EVACUATION SYSTEM
289. LIGHTING
290. PHONE
291. SOCKET OUTLETS
292. DRAINAGE
293. WATER
294. WATERPROOFING
295. SECURITY AND ACCESS CONTROL
296. ACOUSTICS (NOISE)
297. SEISMIC RESTRAINT
298. LABELS AND SIGNS
299. OTHER ITEMS
300. 17. Installation in Hazardous Areas
301. GENERAL
302. AREA CLASSIFICATION
303. EXAMPLES OF HAZARDOUS AREAS
304. SELECTION AND TYPE OF EQUIPMENT
305. OTHER TYPE OF PROTECTION FOR EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS
AREAS
306. TYPE OF WIRING
307. TRENCHES
308. SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT
309. 18. Installation in Wet Areas
310. GENERAL
311. BATHTUB AND SHOWERS
312. SINKS (FIG. 18.2)
313. FOUNTAINS (FIGS. 18.3 AND 18.4)
314. SAUNA (FIG. 18.5)
315. SWIMMING POOLS AND SPA POOLS
316. GENERAL WASH DOWN AREAS AND WET AREAS
317. CLEANER'S OUTLETS
318. GENERAL PURPOSE OUTLETS IN PUBLIC AREAS IN COMMERCIAL
BUILDINGS
319. 19. Cable Installation and Support Systems
320. GENERAL
321. CABLE DELIVERY
322. CABLE PULLING
323. PULLING TENSIONS
324. BENDING RADIUS
325. GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
326. INSTALLATION PRACTICE
327. TUNNEL
328. TRENCH
329. DIRECTLY BURIED
330. UPVC DUCTS
331. CABLE PULL PIT
332. CONCRETE OR STEEL PIPE
333. CONDUITS
334. RAISED FLOOR OR PLATFORM
335. CABLE SUPPORT SYSTEMS
336. GENERAL INSTALLATION AND FIXING
337. FORCES ON CLAMPS DUE TO SHORT CIRCUIT
338. 20. Cable Terminations and Joints
339. GENERAL
340. GLANDS
341. CONTROL CABLES
342. LV POWER CABLES
343. HV CABLES
344. CABLE JOINTS

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