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PROGRAM - Master of Science in Information Technology(MSc IT)Revised Fall 2011

SEMESTER - 4

SUBJECT CODE & NAME Mca5032- WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION

CREDIT - 4

BK ID - B1485

MARKS 60

1 Describe any five GSM PLMN basic services.

Answer: 5 GSM PLMN basic services


Dual-Tone multifrequency (DTMF): The automatic answering machines
used in wireless telephone network needs a controlling mechanism. For this
purpose the GSM PLMN uses a tone signalling service called Dual-Tone
Multifrequency. It facilitates subscribers with

Q2. Describe wireless communication. Explain its advantages.

Answer:

Wireless communication is among technologys biggest contributions to mankind. Wireless


communication involves the transmission of information over a distance without help of wires, cables or
any other forms of
Q3. Differentiate BSC and MSC protocols. 10

Ans: BSC protocols: Once the information is communicated from the BTS to the BSC, the Abis
interface is used to communicate further the information between the BTS and BSC. At this level, the
radio resources at the lower portion of Layer 3 are handled by the Base Transceiver Station Management
(BTSM) protocol rather than the RR protocol. The BTSM layer acts as a relay function at the BTS to
communicate to the BSC in the GSM architecture. The major

Q4. What is CDMA? Explain the history of CDMA. 4+6 = 10

Ans: CDMA : we will be introduced to the concept of CDMA, its channel concept and its operation.
Code Division Multiple Access technology emerged as an alternative to the GSM cellular architecture.
Frequency reuse is an important concept in wireless systems, particularly cellular systems. Propagation
losses allow frequency bands to be reused in geographically separated locations. Code Division Multiple
Access (CDMA) is a cellular technology and it acts an important driving force for wireless networks
around the globe. CDMA is the development hotspot in many countries around the world and is an
advanced multi-access mode, with a broad application perspective. It competes with GSM technology for
dominance in the cellular world. CDMA belongs to third generation of cellular networks there are now
different variations, but

Q5. Explain the following: a) A5 algorithm for encryption b) A8 algorithm for key generation 10

Ans: A5 Algorithm An A5 encryption algorithm scrambles the user's voice and data traffic between the
handset and the base station to provide privacy. An A5 algorithm is implemented in both the handset and
the base station subsystem (BSS). This algorithm is used to encipher and decipher the data that is being
transmitted on the Um interface. The Kc (ciphering key) and the
plaintext data are inputted

Q6. List and explain the different path loss models. 10

Ans: Path Loss Models: Path loss models describe the signal attenuation between a transmit and a
receive antenna as a function of the propagation distance and other parameters. Some models include
many details of the topography profile to estimate the signal reduction, whereas others just consider
carrier frequency and distance. Path loss is the reduction in power density of an electromagnetic wave as
it propagates through space. It is a major component in the analysis and design of the link budget of a
telecommunication

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