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Hematology

Hematology is the study of blood and its disorders. Hematologists, board-certified internists, look specifically at blood

components such as blood count, and blood and bone marrow cells. Hematology tests can help diagnose anemia, hemophilia,

blood-clotting disorders, and leukemia.

Date ordered: February 6, 2010

TEST RATIONALE REFERENC RESULT N/H/L CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE

E RANGE

CBC+PLT

Hgb Hemoglobin is the protein molecule 115-175 g/L 104 L Low hemoglobin is referred to

in red blood cells that carries oxygen as anemia which may by the

from the lungs to the body's tissues decreased erythropoietin caused by

and returns carbon dioxide from the cirrhosis of the liver.

tissues to the lungs. Hemoglobin also

plays an important role in maintaining

the shape of the red blood cells.


Hct Hematocrit is a measure of how much 0.36-0.52 0.29 L Because of the decrease in the RBC

space red blood cells take up in the in the blood, hematocrit as well

blood. would decrease.

RBC count RBC count is the number of red blood 4.20-6.10 2.94 L A decreased number of RBCs results

cells per volume of blood, and is x106 /uL from the decrease erythropoietin

reported in either millions in a production of the liver.

microliter or millions in a liter of

blood.

WBC count Measures the amount of white blood 5.0-10.0 x103 9.65 N WBC is in normal range.

cells. These immune cells form in /uL

the bone marrow to help fight

infection

DIFFERENTIAL COUNT

Neutrophil Most common granulocyte (55-70% 55-75 % 71% N Within normal range

of all leukocytes are neutrophils)

Attracted to sites of injury and

infection.
Lymphocytes Lymphocyte is a type of white blood 20-35 % 14 L
The most common cause of
cell present in the blood. A cell is the
temporary lymphocytopenia is a
smallest, most basic unit of life, that
recent infection. This may be caused
is capable of existing by itself. It
by the bacterial infection
include T-cells, B-cells, and natural

killer (NK) cells.

Monocytes Monocytes are a type of phagocyte. 2-10% 14 H An increase in monocytes is due to

These mature into macrophages, the inflammatory reaction caused by

important germ eating cells. the pneumonia.

Eosinophil A type of phagocyte that produces the 1-8 % 1 N The percentage of eosinophil is at

anti-inflammatory protein histamine. normal level

Basophil A type of while blood cell that 0-1% 0 N The percentage of basophil is at

controls inflammation and damage of normal level

tissues in the body.

Plt. count A platelet count is often ordered as a 150-400 x103 115 L Decreased platelet is due to the

part of a complete blood count, which /uL decreased production

may be done at an annual physical of thrombopoietin by the liver.


examination. It is almost always

ordered when measuring time it takes

to stop bleeding from a small cut or

wound.

MCH The mean corpuscular hemoglobin, or 25.70-32.20 35.4 H Increase in MCH is usually caused

"mean cell hemoglobin" (MCH), is x103 /uL by the decreased erythropoietin

the average mass production.

of hemoglobin per red blood cell in a

sample of blood. It is reported as part

of a standard complete blood count.

MCHC The mean corpuscular hemoglobin 32.30-36.50 35.5 N The mean corpuscular hemoglobin

concentration, or MCHC, is a pg concentration is at normal level.

measure of the concentration

of hemoglobin in a given volume of

packed red blood cell. It is reported as

part of a standardcomplete blood

count.
MCV The mean corpuscular volume, or 79-99.20g/dL 99.7 H Research shows that an elevated

"mean cell volume" (MCV), is a MCV is associated with alcoholism.

measure of the average red blood

cell volume (i.e. size) that is reported

as part of a standard complete blood

count.
Date ordered: February 9, 2010

TEST RATIONALE REFERENC RESULT N/H/L CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE

E RANGE

CBC+PLT

Hgb Hemoglobin is the protein molecule 115-175 g/L 107.0 L Low hemoglobin is referred to

in red blood cells that carries oxygen as anemia which may by the

from the lungs to the body's tissues decreased erythropoietin caused by

and returns carbon dioxide from the cirrhosis of the liver.

tissues to the lungs. Hemoglobin also

plays an important role in maintaining

the shape of the red blood cells.

Hct Hematocrit is a measure of how much 0.36-0.52 0.31 L Because of the decrease in the RBC

space red blood cells take up in the in the blood, hematocrit as well

blood. would decrease.

RBC count RBC count is the number of red blood 4.20-6.10 3.08 L A decreased number of RBCs results

cells per volume of blood, and is x106 /uL from the decrease erythropoietin

reported in either millions in a


microliter or millions in a liter of production of the liver.

blood.

WBC count Measures the amount of white blood 5.0-10.0 x103 12.78 H High levels indicate presence of

cells. These immune cells form in /uL bacterial infection.

the bone marrow to help fight

infection

DIFFERENTIAL COUNT

Neutrophil Most common granulocyte (55-70% 55-75 % 79% H Increased neutrophils may be an

of all leukocytes are neutrophils) indicative of bacterial infection.

Attracted to sites of injury and

infection.

Lymphocytes lymphocyte is a type of white blood 20-35 % 7 L


The most common cause of
cell present in the blood. A cell is the
temporary lymphocytopenia is a
smallest, most basic unit of life, that
recent infection. This may be caused
is capable of existing by itself. It
by the bacterial infection
include T-cells, B-cells, and natural

killer (NK) cells.


Monocytes Monocytes are a type of phagocyte. 2-10% 14 H An increase in monocytes is due to

These mature into macrophages, the inflammatory reaction caused by

important germ eating cells. the pneumonia.

Eosinophil A type of phagocyte that produces the 1-8 % 1 N The percentage of eosinophil at

anti-inflammatory protein histamine. normal level

Basophil A type of while blood cell that 0-1% 0 N The percentage of basophil is at

controls inflammation and damage of normal level

tissues in the body.

Plt. count A platelet count is often ordered as a 150-400 x103 136 L Decreased platelet is due to the

part of a complete blood count, which /uL decreased production

may be done at an annual physical of thrombopoietin by the liver

examination. It is almost always

ordered when measuring time it takes

to stop bleeding from a small cut or

wound.

MCH The mean corpuscular hemoglobin, or 25.70-32.20 34.7 H Increase in MCH is usually caused

"mean cell hemoglobin" (MCH), is x103 /uL by the decreased erythropoietin


the average mass production.

of hemoglobin per red blood cell in a

sample of blood. It is reported as part

of a standard complete blood count.

MCHC The mean corpuscular hemoglobin 32.30-36.50 34.5 N The mean corpuscular hemoglobin

concentration, or MCHC, is a pg concentration is at normal level.

measure of the concentration

of hemoglobin in a given volume of

packed red blood cell. It is reported as

part of a standard complete.

MCV The mean corpuscular volume, or 79-99.20g/dL 100.6 H An elevated MCV is associated

"mean cell volume" (MCV), is a with alcoholism.

measure of the average red blood

cell volume (i.e. size) that is reported

as part of a standard complete blood

count.